Electric car

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to vehicles to electric traction. In the proposed electric current generator made in the form of nuclear power element in a sealed evacuated enclosure which is installed screens to capture the flow of electrons and accumulation of electric charge, stove composite depleted uranium radiation and beams built into the housing of the middle of the screen in all its width, and belt conveyors that are located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus P32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation-- rays. The current generator feeds the traction DC motor connected to the transmission. The electric vehicle is characterized by a virtually unlimited length without recharging and also contributes to solving the problem of waste disposal from nuclear power plants. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

Offers electric vehicle that can be used as a vehicle in all industries instead of the car, given that stocks of raw material in the world for the production of fuel catastrophically sietamo you can anticipate a significant drop in interest in cars and the rise of electric vehicles.

The closest analogue to the proposed device is electric car /New in military technology" Moscow Century. P. and others M., 1958, pages 43 - 44. However, the aforesaid electric complex in design and operation. The purpose of the proposed device is to simplify the design and increase efficiency. Mentioned purpose is achieved in that the current generator is made in the form of atomic electric element in a hermetic vacuum casing which is installed screens to capture the flow of electrons and accumulation of electric charge, stove composite depleted uranium for radiation - and - rays mounted in the housing middle of the screen and belt conveyors located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus P32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation-- rays.

The proposed device has the following construction (see drawing): power 1 /power generator consists of a sealed casing 2 under vacuum.

The vacuum in the casing 2 is supported by the vacuum pump 3. In the casing 2 fixed capacitors 4 /screens/ for trapping of electron flow and accumulation of electric charge.

The conveyors are driven rollers 6 having an electric drive. In the case of the middle of the screen the entire width of the mounted plate-emitter 7. Stove-emitter 7 is made of powder of depleted uranium from spent rods NPP in the composition with a binder. The conveyor drive K 5 supplied from the battery 8.

The direct current motor 9 with the anchor 10 has parallel excitation winding with a rheostat 11. Anchor engine also has a regulating rheostat 12.

In the circuit between the power generator 2 /atomic electric element and the direct current motor is controlled by a switch 13 and a remote control motor speed.

The transmission 14 has a clutch, kardannyy shaft 15, a differential gear 16, the wheels of the electric vehicle 17 is made of conductive rubber /for grounding electric/.

The device operates as follows: the emitter 7, consisting of a composite powder of uranium in spontaneous radioactive decay, it emits - and - rays incident on a parallel mounted canvas conveyors 5.

The conveyor 5 is nverse substances phosphorus, which began to radiate only-- rays (K. A. Putilov and C. A. Manufacturer "physics", M., 1963, I. 3, page 458. Further, the conveyor 5 when the motion is parallel to the screen 4. Of substances isotope of phosphorus on the surface of the screen 4 is intensive electron flow-- rays, giving electric charge to the screen 4 /condenser/. The condenser 4, receiving the electrical charge when the switch 13 transmits the power to the circuit of a DC motor connected to the transmission of the electric vehicle. Adjusting the speed of rotation of the rotor of the motor is by varying the resistance in the field winding and armature through a system of resistors that are installed on the control panel of the electric vehicle. As the attenuation of the radiation intensity of the isotope of phosphorus, the motion of the conveyor 5, a layer of phosphorus will again be in front of the radiator 7, receiving a new charge of radioactivity.

1. Electric vehicle containing the current generator made with the use of nuclear energy source, a direct current motor in the circuit of the current generator and coupled with the transmission, characterized in that the current generator is made in the form of atomic electric element in a hermetic vakuumirovat the charge, plate of a composite material of depleted uranium radiation and beams built into the housing of the middle of the screen in all its width, and belt conveyors that are located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus p32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation rays.

2. Electric car under item 1, characterized in that the wheels have tread of conductive material.

 

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The invention relates to a transport engineering

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FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.

SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.

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SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

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19 cl, 16 dwg

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