(57) Abstract:The invention relates to vehicles to electric traction. In the proposed electric current generator made in the form of nuclear power element in a sealed evacuated enclosure which is installed screens to capture the flow of electrons and accumulation of electric charge, stove composite depleted uranium radiation and beams built into the housing of the middle of the screen in all its width, and belt conveyors that are located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus P32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation-- rays. The current generator feeds the traction DC motor connected to the transmission. The electric vehicle is characterized by a virtually unlimited length without recharging and also contributes to solving the problem of waste disposal from nuclear power plants. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. Offers electric vehicle that can be used as a vehicle in all industries instead of the car, given that stocks of raw material in the world for the production of fuel catastrophically sietamo you can anticipate a significant drop in interest in cars and the rise of electric vehicles.The closest analogue to the proposed device is electric car /New in military technology" Moscow Century. P. and others M., 1958, pages 43 - 44. However, the aforesaid electric complex in design and operation. The purpose of the proposed device is to simplify the design and increase efficiency. Mentioned purpose is achieved in that the current generator is made in the form of atomic electric element in a hermetic vacuum casing which is installed screens to capture the flow of electrons and accumulation of electric charge, stove composite depleted uranium for radiation - and - rays mounted in the housing middle of the screen and belt conveyors located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus P32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation-- rays.The proposed device has the following construction (see drawing): power 1 /power generator consists of a sealed casing 2 under vacuum.The vacuum in the casing 2 is supported by the vacuum pump 3. In the casing 2 fixed capacitors 4 /screens/ for trapping of electron flow and accumulation of electric charge.The conveyors are driven rollers 6 having an electric drive. In the case of the middle of the screen the entire width of the mounted plate-emitter 7. Stove-emitter 7 is made of powder of depleted uranium from spent rods NPP in the composition with a binder. The conveyor drive K 5 supplied from the battery 8.The direct current motor 9 with the anchor 10 has parallel excitation winding with a rheostat 11. Anchor engine also has a regulating rheostat 12.In the circuit between the power generator 2 /atomic electric element and the direct current motor is controlled by a switch 13 and a remote control motor speed.The transmission 14 has a clutch, kardannyy shaft 15, a differential gear 16, the wheels of the electric vehicle 17 is made of conductive rubber /for grounding electric/.The device operates as follows: the emitter 7, consisting of a composite powder of uranium in spontaneous radioactive decay, it emits - and - rays incident on a parallel mounted canvas conveyors 5.The conveyor 5 is nverse substances phosphorus, which began to radiate only-- rays (K. A. Putilov and C. A. Manufacturer "physics", M., 1963, I. 3, page 458. Further, the conveyor 5 when the motion is parallel to the screen 4. Of substances isotope of phosphorus on the surface of the screen 4 is intensive electron flow-- rays, giving electric charge to the screen 4 /condenser/. The condenser 4, receiving the electrical charge when the switch 13 transmits the power to the circuit of a DC motor connected to the transmission of the electric vehicle. Adjusting the speed of rotation of the rotor of the motor is by varying the resistance in the field winding and armature through a system of resistors that are installed on the control panel of the electric vehicle. As the attenuation of the radiation intensity of the isotope of phosphorus, the motion of the conveyor 5, a layer of phosphorus will again be in front of the radiator 7, receiving a new charge of radioactivity. 1. Electric vehicle containing the current generator made with the use of nuclear energy source, a direct current motor in the circuit of the current generator and coupled with the transmission, characterized in that the current generator is made in the form of atomic electric element in a hermetic vakuumirovat the charge, plate of a composite material of depleted uranium radiation and beams built into the housing of the middle of the screen in all its width, and belt conveyors that are located between screens and covered with a layer of an isotope of phosphorus p32to generate the screens under the influence of radiation rays.2. Electric car under item 1, characterized in that the wheels have tread of conductive material.
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.
EFFECT: reduced load on front wheels, improved stability at turning and braking.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.
SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
29 cl, 35 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.
EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.
4 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: motor-car contains body, three-wheel running gear with independent torsion-bar wheel suspensions and hydraulic shock-absorbers, engine with clutch coupling located in rear part of body, inertia propulsion device, control linkages. Inertia propulsion device contains casing in which following units are located: inertia propulsion device for forward motion, inertia propulsion device for backward motion and striker clutch. The striker clutch connects shaft of inertia propulsion device with inertia mechanism of forward or backward motion. Inertia mechanisms are similar in their design. Each one of them contains shaft on which yoke is fixed with four gears with balance weights. Balance weights are mounted on axes and engage with fixed gear attached to front or rear cover. Both inertia mechanisms are turned in horizontal plane relative to each other fro 180 degrees, and in each yoke each subsequent balance weight of gears is shifted relative to previous balance weight for 90 degrees.
EFFECT: design simplification and motor-car technical characteristics improvement.
SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).
EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: automotive industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed truck tractor comprises a frame, front and rear axles with suspensions supporting the cab, engine and clutch coupled with gearbox, transfer box coupled with front and rear axles and control mechanisms. Two centrifugal identical-design inertial thrust boosters are additionally arranged behind the cab on the frame, one for forward and one for back run. Each booster represents several hollow square- or circular-section rings arranged horizontally, coaxially and in symmetry to each other. Lengthwise axes of said rings are perpendicular to the vehicle frame. One half of every ring is expanded on both end faces so that inner cross section of expanded semi-rings some times larger than that of non expanded semi-rings. Inner space of every ring is filled with mercury or fluid with high specific weight. Rings expanded parts in forward run booster are directed towards frame rear, while those of back run booster are directed towards the frame front. Expanded part of every ring accommodates separate pump to pump over said mercury or fluid. Forward run booster pump are fitted on one vertical shaft furnished with overrunning coupling. Coupling casing accommodates spur gear in mesh with that mounted on overrunning coupling of opposite rotation. First vertical shaft supports bevel gear in mesh with that fitted on horizontal shaft coupled, via gimbal joint, with transfer box pto-shaft.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.
SUBSTANCE: proposed transport facility consists of body with lengthwise seat and moving lengthwise beam, aligned power plant with engine arranged on door. Lengthwise beam is rigidly coupled with face door. Power plant is mounted along facility lengthwise axis. Generator is arranged in body. Generator hollow shaft is provided with inner splines. Elongated engine shaft extension is arranged inside generator shaft and engaged therewith by coupling.
EFFECT: improved operating performances.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: electric equipment or propulsion of electrically-propelled vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: source comprises battery cells mounted in the skin or in part of the skin of the body skin of an electric motor car. The body and the skin are made of nonmetallic or plastic materials in the form of a honeycomb structure whose honeycombs receive a battery cell or array of battery cells.
EFFECT: reduced weight.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power sources used to supply electric motors at different values of consumed power. Proposed device contains first storage battery named energy battery connecting with second battery named power battery. Energy battery features higher energy density that power battery. Power battery is made to supply drive electric motor at different levels of power consumption with guaranteed sufficient power. Power battery is being practically constantly trickle charged from energy battery. Thus power battery provides temporary storing of electric energy supplied by energy battery, and supply of drive motor from said power battery is provided at different levels of power consumption according to requirements. Device for storing electric energy is made for detachable connection to external power supply source for charging of both electric batteries and their simultaneous independent trick le-charging.
EFFECT: provision of optimization of charging characteristics of electric storage batteries and increased service life of batteries.
27 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport facility with fuel elements used as power supply, generating electric power and output water as a by-product. The transport facility incorporates a tank accumulating water produced by fuel elements, a module releasing the said water produced by fuel elements and that from the transport facility outside surfaces into atmosphere, a module determining the state of the vehicle and a release control module regulating water releasing in compliance with a certain state. In compliance with the second version, the transport facility, incorporates a module releasing water produced by fuel elements and that from the facility outside surfaces into atmosphere, a module determining the facility state and a water release control module presetting the release conditions in compliance with the determined vehicle state and controlling the release module under preset release conditions. In compliance with the third version, the transport facility contains a working module controlling the fuel elements, a module releasing water produced by fuel elements, at least, partially, in the form of steam, with the remaining water portion being released together with exhaust gases from the fuel elements in atmosphere; and the release control module controlling the working module to keep the amount of water released by the water release module within the limits of tolerable water release.
EFFECT: ruling out moisturising the transport facility wheels, soiling the other vehicles, pedestrians and wayside facilities.
58 cl, 41 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a vehicle with fuel elements mounted thereon as a power source to generate electric power along with water formation as a by-product. In system (20) with fuel elements, water separated by gas-liquid separator (38) incorporated with hydrogen feed system and gas-liquid separator (48) incorporated with the air feed/discharge system (40) gets temporarily accumulated in buffer vessels (62a-62c). The said buffer vessels are arranged inside the vehicle front fender or inside its front bumper. Accumulated water is discharged from branch pipes (64b) and (64c) arranged in front of and beyond the vehicle front wheel where possible air flow effects caused by vehicle or its motion are relatively low. To reduce possible influence of the aforesaid effects on discharged water, it is possible to make an air path that will force, by air flow, the discharged water to flow backward inclined relative to the vehicle, or to form an air screen of exhaust gas or air in front of the discharged water.
EFFECT: production of the vehicle with fuel elements making a power source and generating electric power with formation of water as a by-product.
79 cl, 43 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system contains one battery and casing (4) for placement of each battery supplied with air inlet (2) on one of its sides and air outlet (3) on its other side. Demountable air filter (6) is installed on outer air inlet (2) of casing (4). Air inlet (2) or air outlet (3) is equipped with blower fan (7). Air flow sensor (10) is located at air inlet (2) or air outlet (3) without blower fan (7), it measures air flow incoming into casing (4) or outcoming from casing (4). Control block (9a) is connected respectively with storage battery (5) cells, blower fan (7), and air flow sensor (10) for measuring current, voltage and temperature of respective storage battery and electric control of blower fan (7) and air flow sensor (10). Communication device is connected with control block (9a) and it informs operator or user of condition deviation or time for replacement of air filter (6).
EFFECT: increase of reliability and ergonomic operation of system.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: traction mechanism includes energy source (110) to generate constant high voltage (120); motor drive (130) to generate electromotive voltage (140) from constant high voltage (120); and electric motor (150) to create traction effort. Energy source (110) includes thermal engine (160) to generate mechanical energy (170) due to fuel combustion; alternator (180); rectifier (200) to rectify alternating voltage (190) and produce constant low voltage (210); energy battery (220) to accumulate and supply energy developed from constant low voltage (210); and intermediate traction converter (230) to increase constant low voltage (210) and produce constant high voltage (120). Motor drive (130) includes power battery (240) to accumulate energy and supply power at constant high voltage (120); and traction converter (250) to generate electromotive voltage (140) from constant high voltage (120) when driving and to generate constant high voltage (120) from electromotive voltage when braking (140).
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced application of an electric traction system.
36 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: automotive production, chemistry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed electric motor car comprises motors supplied from batteries incorporating fuel elements. Fuel element electrodes (anode and cathode) represent square or rectangle, polygon, circle or oval and are arranged aligned or in parallel each other, adequately spaced apart. Electrolyte is arranged between aforesaid electrodes, while tight reagent chambers are located at the fuel element center and along its edges. Fuel elements force fuel and oxidiser into chambers nearby electrodes, with the help of vacuum pumps, and generate hydrogen and oxygen oxidiser continuously from water, contained in the car, by electrolysis or splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen for them to be directly transformed into electric power. Water splitting devices can transform AC into DC, voltage parameters into HV current of up to tens of thousand volts, generate electric pulses with appropriate generator and control electric pulse duration for deforming water molecular bonds and splitting them into oxygen and hydrogen for them to be fed into fuel element chamber. Water splitting device can represent an electrolyser.
EFFECT: reduced costs and ease of manufacture.
2 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: power propulsion device comprises shell with bearing gas, propeller group with electric drive, electrolysis plant with system of heat regulation, solar battery, electrically connected with electric drive of propeller group and electrolysis plant, electrochemical generator with system of heat regulation, electrically connected to electric drive of propeller group, unit of oxygen and hydrogen storage, which is pneumatically connected to electrochemical generator and electrolysis plant, reservoir with water, which is hydraulically connected to electrolysis plant and electrochemical generator, electric pump. Gas-liquid heat exchanger has been introduced with fan, installed in shell with bearing gas, and external heat exchangers of heat regulation systems of electrochemical generator and electrolysis plant, located in reservoir with water, which is arranged with heat protective coating. Electric pump and fan are connected to electrochemical generator. Gas liquid heat exchanger with electric pump and reservoir with water create a closed hydraulic circuit.
EFFECT: improved efficiency.
FIELD: flight vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power plants of flight vehicles. Proposed regenerative power plant comprises solar battery, propeller electric drive with control unit connected with solar battery, electrolyser connected with solar battery, electrochemical generator connected with aforesaid propeller drive control unit, hydrogen and oxygen storage and feed units communicated with electrochemical generator and electrolyser, water storage and feed unit communicated with electrochemical generator and electrolyser, and pump. Additionally, power plant comprises mixing chamber, combustion chamber, turbine with its shaft supporting compressor and electric generator, regenerative heat exchanger and heat exchanger-moisture separator accommodating water level pickup communicated with pump via control lines. Proposed method of operation consists in using regenerative power plant.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of power plant incorporated with airship.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to system of electric storage batteries of off-road vehicles with hybrid power plant. In compliance with the first and second versions, proposed system comprise multiple storage batteries to accumulate and release electric power. Every storage battery creates its working temperature that exceeds the highest ambient temperature. Cooling system, apart from engine cooling system, can regulate the temperature of multiple storage batteries. In compliance with the second version, the system additionally comprises measuring instrument to measure parametre of storage battery inner temperature and controller that controls storage battery heating to its efficient temperature. Every battery at certain inner temperature higher than ambient temperature. Every battery is cooled to a bit lower temperature than its efficient operating temperature when vehicle is not operated for long time intervals.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of fuel and traction power utilisation.
19 cl, 16 dwg