The method of obtaining alcohol

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the production of alcohol with various additives. The method of obtaining alcohol includes the preparation of raw materials, fermentation, distillation. At the stage of rectification on the input or output column for final purification metered injected aqueous alcoholic extracts of biologically active substances from plant material and/or denaturing substances or odoriferous substances, or solutions of organic phosphors. The invention allows to effectively control the production process and consumption of alcohol.

The invention relates to the biotechnology industry and for the production of alcohol containing various additives.

Ethyl alcohol is widely used in various industries. So, in the pharmaceutical industry ethanol is used for the preparation of solutions of medicinal substances for internal and external use, to obtain the alcohol extracts from plant materials (tinctures, extracts).

Alcoholic extract of the plant raw material is prepared by 20-70% alcohol, almost all of them dark-colored liquid, often containing a suspension (the Ant which is formed opalescence, even precipitation.

Ethyl alcohol is also widely used in the cosmetic industry as a key component of cosmetics: perfume, toiletries and scented water, perfume, comes in creams, lotions, shampoos, deodorants (voitsekhovskaya A. L., Wolfenzon And. And. Cosmetics today, M., Chemistry 1991, S. 150).

Led in these products specifically targeted supplements dissolve in alcohol. This includes components such as fragrances, food flavouring essences, clamps smell, denaturing substances and auxiliary substances etc.

All these substances are injected into alcohol or alcoholic solution of a separate stage of the process.

In the alcohol industry to obtain denatured alcohol ethyl alcohol dissolves the different chemical substances, and total denatured alcohol as denaturants use a pyridine base, ketone oil, turpentine and other substances with an unpleasant, pungent odor (Fertman, I. , Tymoshenko C. D. Techno-chemical control alcoholic beverage production, Gisleham, 1953, S. 281).

To denature alcohol to control her use the same chemicals, are already used in production. For example, at present in the perfume and cosmetic industry uses the following connections: CROTONALDEHYDE, diethylphthalate, acetaldehyde, diethyl ether, which belongs to the denaturing substances (Decree of the RF Government N 732 from 09.07.98 year). With the same purpose are organic phosphors, whereby the alcohol becomes the property to fluoresce.

In the food industry is used as an aromatic essences alcohol solution containing:

- cinnamaldehyde, ethyl acetate, ethyl butyrate, diphenyl ether, diethylmalonate and others (Solow L. M., Kheifets L. A. Odoriferous substances and intermediates of perfumery-cosmetic production Handbook Ed. by C. A. Voitovich, M. , Agropromizdat, 1990, S. 51, 74, 75, 154).

The disadvantage of all these methods of cooking alcohol solutions is that they are carried out as separate operations of the technological process in each production.

In addition, all of these techniques are difficult to monitor the progress of the used alcohol and its consumption.

Closest to the present invention is a method of obtaining alcohol, th 96% (Technology alcohol. Edited by Smirnov A. A., M., Light and food industries, 1981, S. 3, 277-279, 307-334).

Currently, there is a tendency to produce alcohol for specific types of products, that is already containing certain additives target.

The objective of the invention is to devise a way of allowing industrial by getting a concentrated alcohol with various additives used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry, household chemicals.

The objective of the invention is realized by the proposed method, which includes the preparation of raw materials, fermentation and distillation, and at the stage of rectification on the input or output column for final purification metered injected aqueous alcoholic extracts of biologically active substances from plant material and/or denaturing substances or odoriferous substances, or solutions of organic phosphors.

In addition, there may simultaneously be entered denaturing substances and biologically active substances from plant materials.

Example 1. Getting "composition bioengineer".

Waste of lumber and wood - chips and sawdust softwood and hardwood mass of 420 tons loaded in the apparatus of the raw material and after separation of the lignin is about 3800 tons of hydrolysate. Then the evaporation of the hydrolyzate and invert sugars. At the next stage hydrolyzed with acidic (pH of 1.2 to 1.8), neutralize with lime milk and ammonia water, bringing the pH to 4.1 to 4.5, and then defend and cool.

The transformation is contained in the obtained wort sugars into ethyl alcohol produced by fermentation of the wort, resulting in a gain of about 3200 tons of semi-product of the volumetric concentration of ethanol 1,1-3,5%.

Cleaning the brew is on the next stage of production, rectification and is carried out through a series of purification columns. At this stage of production in the supply line of the methanol column metered serves 8.6 kg 20% infusion of biogenesis. In the process, the column pair methyl alcohol comes into the reflux condenser, and in the lower part of the columns is the selection of 28 tons of finished product - "composition bioengineer".

20% infusion from biomass ginseng used for obtaining the composition bioengineer, is a brown liquid with a specific smell, with a mass fraction of solids of at least 4% and the mass fraction of the GFS is not less than 0.2%. The amount of extractives of biogenesis, such as GFS (triterpene glycosides) polysaccharides, Hairdryer cosmetic industry. Similarly prepare solutions BAS other plants: Siberian ginseng, nettle, leuzea. Gradually introduce their extracts in ethyl alcohol in the process of its manufacture.

Example 2. Preparation of composition bioengineer" modification "denatured".

Carried out as in example 1, but additionally together with the infusion of biogenesis input column with methanol served 28 kg denaturing additives - diethylphthalate.

Diethylphthalate included in this composition, is a high-boiling liquid, it is difficult detachable from alcohol conventional chemical methods, which is used as a denaturing agent.

Adding diethylphthalate in the composition biogenicity" you can control the flow of this product and its consumption.

"Composition biogenicity" modification "denatured" is a movable legkonastraivaemy colorless liquid with a characteristic alcoholic odor with the following quality indicators:

is the volume fraction of ethyl alcohol is not less than 95%;

mass concentration of fusel oil is not more than 4 mg/DM3;

mass concentration of acid is not more than 15 mg/DM3;

mA 3;

in response to the presence of triterpene glycosides - positive.

The composition biogenicity used in perfumery and cosmetics industry as a solvent and a component in the preparation of deodorants, colognes, lotions, tooth elixirs and other alcohol-containing products.

Example 3. Getting denatured alcohol - introduction denaturing substances.

Source raw materials for ethanol sugar beet molasses is diluted with water, heated, treated with a solution of sulfuric acid, leading to pH 4-6, and enrich inorganic substances.

Prepared in this manner is subjected to fermentation, and then distilling the mash clear and at the stage of rectification at the input column for final purification served 28 kg diethylphthalate.

The resulting product has the following quality indicators:

the ethanol content of 85-95%;

- mass fraction of fusel oils - not more than 4 mg/DM3;

mass concentration of acid is not more than 15 mg/DM3;

is the volume fraction of methyl alcohol is not more than 0.05 mg/DM3;

mass concentration of diethylphthalate - not less than 0.08%.

Under the same conditions impose other Aiguablava alcohol with the addition of organic phosphor.

Is carried out by the method described in example 3, but instead of diethylphthalate contribute to the alcohol in the process of its manufacture on the input or output column for final purification solution of organic phosphor (for example, fluorescein sodium or coumarin derivatives, anthracene, oxazole and others).

These additives under certain conditions cause the illumination of the spirit, which gives the ability to control its production and consumption.

Example 5. Production of a solution of odoriferous substances for perfumery and cosmetic products.

Feed grain (wheat, rye, barley) in the first stage biochemical processing is subjected to hydrolysis, resulting in a gain hydrolysate having a high temperature and acidity.

The hydrolysate is cooled by samosatene and produce inversion of polysaccharides. Then, as a result of neutralization of the hydrolyzate increase the pH to 3.5, the resulting neutralised enrich inorganic substances, defend and cool.

After alcoholic fermentation the mash is cleaned and at this stage of production at the outlet of the column for final purification metered serves 15 kg fragrant substances (e.g. oils of orange). In resulat in the holiday collection Department.

Received the product on the main indicators complies with the requirements of ethyl alcohol, and additionally flavored. Used as raw material in the manufacture of perfumes and cosmetic products.

Under the same conditions impose other aromatic substances (essential oils, synthetic fragrances and their compositions in the amounts necessary to create a concentration of 0.05 to 1.0%.

Example 6. The production of raw materials for the manufacture of aromatic food essences - introduction of odoriferous substances.

Is carried out by the method described in example 5, but as the target additives used ethyl acetate, 30 kg which are output from the column for final purification in the process of alcohol production.

The resulting product is a liquid with a faint fruity odor and is the basis for the manufacture of aromatic food essences.

Dissolution of target components in a concentrated alcohol in a separate operation requires special equipment for measuring, storing and mixing, to comply with security measures, because many of the target additives have a strong odor, volatile and unsafe in high contentstore mix of plant extracts and alcohol in the same ratio (examples 1, 2) leads to opalescence and precipitation.

Thus, the proposed method allows to obtain industrially in a continuous production cycle solutions of ethyl alcohol for specific types of products: to obtain raw materials for cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical industries.

The proposed method of obtaining alcohol denaturing additives and organic phosphors allows you to effectively control the production process and consumption of alcohol in any production.

A method of producing alcohol comprising the preparation of raw materials, fermentation, distillation, characterized in that at the stage of rectification on the input or output column for final purification metered injected aqueous alcoholic extracts of biologically active substances from plant material and/or denaturing substances or odoriferous substances, or solutions of organic phosphors.

 

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