The method of disposal of radioactive waste


(57) Abstract:

How is that in the bottom ground form wiem, place a container with waste and covered with soil or other material, and then set on removing the plate. Viem perform at such a depth that does not have the effect of agitation on the surface of the water, and there is no visible movement of water masses in the bottom pane. Viem can be formed by means of an explosion. The technical result consists in the fact, which is technically simple and safe disposal of radioactive waste. 1 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to the field of waste disposal of radioactive waste.

The known method involving the placement of radioactive waste in the bottom removed and the subsequent backfilling of removing /UK application N 2138198, G 21 F 9/34 published 17.10.84,/ this viem are in the form trenches in shallow water, and waste placed in protective casings. The disadvantages of this known method are:

- shallow water suggests the possibility of the damaging effects on the shell of the aquatic environment and, consequently, the possibility of destruction of the shell and release of radioactive waste;

- is owode assumes the presence of water mass movements and the impact of disturbances on the surface of the water environment, that can lead to the destruction of the protective shell.

Technical result achieved when implementing this method is to improve reliability due to the presence of multi-layered protection/container, filling and cooking facilities, as well as reducing the environmental /water mass movement/.

The essence of the method lies in the fact that radioactive waste is enclosed in protective containers that are placed in fiamah the bottom. Thus wiemy perform at a depth of no agitation of the water environment in the bottom field at the waves on the water surface and the absence of visible movements of water masses in the bottom pane. After placing the containers wiemy fall asleep and set on top of the stove, ensure there is no leakage at the edges.

The depth should be at least 100 meters that were not influenced by storm. In addition, in the burial place, there should be no visible flow, which can contribute to erosion of the bottom soil.

The depth should also allow to observe the installation and placement of the container, a filling funnel and the installation plate.

Education removing can be carried out by the explosion. While the charge is placed on the cable p is mojen case of education removing the usual deep bomb. The plate is made of steel and has a large mass, which prevents diffusion of substances waste through its edges.

1. The method of disposal of radioactive waste, including the execution in the bottom ground water environment viemu and disposing of radioactive waste, characterized in that the radioactive waste is enclosed in protective containers, place them in viamax bottom ground that perform at a depth of no agitation of the water environment in the bottom field at the waves on the water surface and the absence of visible movements of water masses in the bottom pane, and after placing the containers make the filling viemu containers and set on top of the stove, ensure there is no leakage at the edges.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that viem form explosive charge on the rope, which consistently reinforce a protective shield for the container, located above it.


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