Water-wind power installation
(57) Abstract:The unit is designed to generate electricity. The system includes a vertical shaft perpendicularly attached and diametrically spaced at equal angles bars with blades and fixture orientation of the energy flow of the moving medium. The blades of each pair through the hinges attached along the rods with their possible joint disclosure of one relative to the other from 0oup to 180° by means of tie rods. The latter is limited to a spherical joint connected to the sliders placed on the rods, and with the help of forks connected to the end surfaces of the eccentric is fixed by means of bearings for the vertical shaft of the cylinder device orientation. This installation allows to simplify the design and gives the possibility to work inside any moving media and in their border areas. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to water-wind and can be used in plants, utilizing alternative energy sources (wind, river, submarine and other fluid) into electricity.The known device that converts the energy of wind is, converting the energy of sea waves, tides (see ed. mon. N 1097819 and others).These devices are fundamentally different from each other in design, bulky, demand for manufacturing labour intensive, inefficient, and not universal. They cannot be used for generation of electricity from underwater sea currents.These drawbacks are partially eliminated in the design of wind turbine (see ed. mon. N 1423777, bull. N 34, 1988). Known wind turbine includes a casing with rollers. The tension pulley exceeds the drive. On the roller at an angle tensioned flexible branch, which is uniformly fixed frame with torsion rollers. To the sides are attached to the blades of each pair, which in the working position are disclosed and are in contact with guide rails fixed to the casing. To reduce the resistance to fluid medium outside of the blades are closed (folded), then gradually open up and on-site wind turbine are moved simultaneously with the fluid medium.The disadvantage of this design is flexible branches, which can bend relatively small length and vibrate without intermediate support rollers. With the use of rollers effect the children is minimal.The objective of the invention is to simplify the design, its versatility, vysokoeffektivnoi (power), running inside any moving media and their border areas.This result is achieved due to the fact that the blades of each pair of water-power plants pivotally mounted along the perpendicular designed and located diametrically relative to the vertical shaft rods with possible joint disclosure of one relative to the other from 0 to 180othrough rods, bounded spherical joints connected to the sliders placed on the rods. Floaters via plug connected to the end surfaces (or Cam with special profile) eccentric secured through the bearings for the vertical shaft of the cylinder device orientation. Rod with blades attached to a vertical shaft evenly stacked manner, and the rods of one layer are offset from the rods of the other layer at an angle of 15 - 45o. On the sliders posted by balancing sleeve, connected through plugs with guides fixed to an eccentric fixed to the cylinder.In Fig. 1 shows a diagram of the use of water-vetroenergetichesky the ka 1 contains a vertical shaft 2, to which is rigidly perpendicular direction and a diametrically (balanced) are attached to the rod 3. Through the hinges 13 to the rods 3 are attached to the blades of each pair 4, connected by levers 10, limited spherical hinges 11 to slide 5, which by means of plugs 9 are in contact with end surfaces of the eccentric pinned cylinder 6 (or Cam setprofile) device orientation 16. Through the bearings 7, 8 fixture orientation 16 is attached to a vertically positioned shaft 2. On slide 5 posted by balancing sleeve (balances), made jointly with the plugs 15 members in contact with the rail 14, is fixed to the cylinder 6. The shaft 2 is attached to the installation base 17 through bearings 8 and 18. With the help of detachable joints installation base 17 is attached to the support 19. Through the bearings 22, 23 on the support 19 has an intermediate shaft 21 is rigidly mounted on the end of the inertial flywheel 24. Through a safety clutch 20, the shaft 2 is connected with the intermediate shaft 21, to which is attached Tacho 31. Under the flywheel 24 on the spring axis 32 posted by the disk 25 in conjunction with the pulley 26 and the circular groove, in which freely enters the plug 29, rigidly connected with the rod of pneurop agendum mechanism of stabilization of the speed of rotation 28. The axis 32 is attached to the disc 33 with a pulley that is connected through a belt drive to the compressor 34. Using duct 35 of the compressor 34 is connected with a storage capacity of 36.Water-wind power plant 1 wind works as follows.When a sufficient pressure of the wind device orientation 16 rotates on bearings 7, 8 and will take a position in the direction of flow. Of the maximum eccentric radius of the fixed cylinder 6, the slider 5 through the plug 9 is ejected from the shaft 2 to the maximum distance in the direction of the blades 4. The levers 10, limited spherical hinges 11, acting on the blades 4 of each pair through the hinges attached to the rod 3, reveal the blade 4 on the value 180o. The result is the largest windage located perpendicularly energy flow, moving a certain period of time in unison with the energy flow (operating area). At the same time on diametrically positioned rod 3 relative to the shaft 2 other pair of blades 4 at the expense of the smallest radius of the guide cylinder 6 is somknuti. That is, they form the smallest windage (idling outside the area). When turning rod 3 90oopposite the rod 3, in the area of idling, windage previously closed blade 4 will increase due to the change of the radius of the guide cylinder 6. Each pair of blades 4 in the idle zone longer remains zamknutoi. Due to repeated prevalence of sailing the surface of the expanded blades 4 in the working area relative to the no-load and impact energy flow results in a resultant force that causes the rotation of the vertical shaft 2 installation 1. Vibration damped oscillations balancing plugs plugs 15 moving to the maximum value in the area of idling and the minimum - in the area of the stroke.Rotation from the shaft 2 through the clutch 20 is transmitted to the intermediate shaft 21. From the shaft 21 rotates the inertial flywheel 24. The speed of the flywheel 24 is controlled by a tachometer generator 31, the input signal to the actuator 30. At a certain speed the inertia of the flywheel 24 is activated the actuator 30, a rod which pulls the plug 29 and enters into the clutch disks 25 and 33, freely moving on the spring axis 32. The rotation of disk 25 and 33 is transmitted through a belt transmission respectively to the generator 27 and the compressor 34. Compressed air from the compressor 34 is accumulated in the duct 35 into the tank is imprived 30, which simultaneously moves the disks 25 and 33 to the center of the flywheel 24. From this the speed of rotation of the disk 25 is reduced and the speed of the disk 3 on the contrary, increases, which consequently will provide a reduction in the number of turns on the generator 27 and the increase in the number of revolutions of the compressor 34. Impulsive wind streams are smoothed through the use of inertia of the flywheel 24. Uniform rotation of the generator 27 is provided by the inertial speed controller 28. Decreasing the pressure of the wind drives 25 and 33 will move in the opposite direction. Compressed air from a storage tank 36 is used for technological purposes or in calm weather to generate electricity generator 27 of rotation is additionally located on the shaft of the turbine wheel or using a setting of 1 (the turbine wheel and an additional device for the rotation of the installation 1 in calm weather from the compressed air not shown).Water-wind power installation, running from deep sea currents, is retained by the float 37 (if it is not possible to use the support) contains a rod 3 with blades 4, device orientation 16 and 38 of the flow. To the vertical shaft 2 installation 1 through Tr is and 27 secure the cable 39 with the anchor 40. The cable 41 is attached to the cable 39. The unit operates the same as the above from the wind flow.Advantages:
- versatile, can work within any of the moving medium, and in its border areas (water, air and so on);
- simple design;
- requires minimal effort when producing 1 kW of electricity;
- highly efficient, allowing you to create heavy duty energopromyshleny;
the minimum payback period. 1. Water-wind energy installation comprising a vertical shaft perpendicularly attached and diametrically spaced at equal angles bars with blades and fixture orientation of the energy flow of the moving medium, characterized in that the blades of each pair through the hinges are mounted along the rod with the possibility of their joint disclosure of one relative to the other from 0 to 180othrough rods, bounded spherical joints connected to the sliders placed on the rods, and via plugs are in contact with end surfaces of the eccentric is fixed through the bearings for the vertical shaft of the cylinder device orientation.2. Installation under item 1, now tier offset from the other by an angle of 15 - 45o.3. Installation on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it further provided with a balancer sleeves, covering the floaters, and entering through the fork in the kinematic engagement with the guides fixed on the fixed eccentric cylinder.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.
EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.