Device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck

 

(57) Abstract:

The device can be used in hospitals, at home to prevent diseases of the spine. The technical result - increasing the effectiveness of self-massage by providing the possibility of regulating the distance between the massaging elements tailored to the individual dimensions of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck includes a housing with spaced on him massaging elements. The distance between them corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Massaging elements connected with each other by a curved surface. The device further comprises an axle and thread, and made with the possibility of newarchive her case consists of two halves, cross-sections which have the configuration of a five-pointed star. The four elements of the spherical form of the star-forming projections, are used to massage deep paravertebral muscles. The fifth element star has a barrel shape and serves to massage the neck muscles and superficial back muscles. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 12 ill.

Invented a device to massage different parts of the body, in which the massaging elements are in the form of cylindrical rollers /see the description of the invention and to.with. USSR N 1133158, M. CL.6: A 61 H 15/00, publ. 07.02.8, "Massage device"/.

The device includes an axle attached rollers with wheel hub, the intermediate sleeve and the handle. Hub rollers are made symmetrically with respect to their transverse axis. The rollers can be located elongated part of the hub inside or shortened part inside. Other choices are possible locations of the rollers, for example, one of the rollers is shorter part of the hub inside, and the other is an elongated part inside.

The massage is carried out by moving the rollers along the surface of the body. Due to the periodic change of the distance between the rollers is achieved by simultaneous massage of the muscles of different parts of the body of the patient.

The disadvantage of this device is the low efficiency study of the muscles of the back and neck paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine in the mode of self-massage.

This is because the cylindrical rollers do not correspond to the morphology of the paravertebral muscles in the spinal area.

Another disadvantage of the device aaet the cost and complexity of manufacturing. Known massage device containing the axis on which the lever with the possibility of horizontal travel /see the description of the invention to the patent of the Russian Federation. N 2017479, M. CL.6: A 61 H 15/00, publ. 15.08.34.g. "Massage device"/.

To increase the effectiveness of massage axle is made of several parts connected by a flexible element that is installed flush with the axle. The rollers mounted on the arms for rotation. The design provides plucked impact on the patient's body.

Analysis of similar shows that massage device does not provide a deep mass of muscles of the back and neck paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine.

The effectiveness of self-massage is becoming very problematic due to the inconvenience and complexity of regulation of the distance between the rollers. In addition, the shape of the massaging elements in the form of rollers does not allow the masses deep paravertebral muscles, and the only possible massage superficial muscles of the back.

The closest in technical essence and the achieved result of the present invention is selected as a prototype device for self-massage Glubokaya spine"/.

Device for self-massage includes a housing with spaced on it casserole elements, the distance between which corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Massaging elements are protrusions prismatic shape with rounded edges. Faces of prismatic protrusions facing toward one another and mated between a curved surface.

The lower part of the base is convex and consists of two overlapping hard-wearing surface. On the side of the base is a pair of massaging elements of rectangular cross section with rounded edges, the distance between which corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the cervical spine.

The implementation of massaging elements in the form of protrusions prismatic shape with rounded edges allows you to selectively affect any element of the spine as themselves vertebral segments and intervertebral disks.

Longitudinal swinging on the device due to the convex bottom allows you to change the direction of force acting on the vertebral element when this when the device is held horizontally, and then to another ledge in the other extreme inclined position of the device. Due to the fact that the lower part of the Foundation consists of two intersecting flat surface when swinging left and right in the extreme positions arise light strokes, amplifying the effect of the use of the device. When this force pushes regulates the patient.

The analysis of the prototype shows that using the device for self-massage is reached the crest of the spine, followed by tensile forces in the paravertebral region of the spine. To conduct longitudinal massage the muscles of the back and neck in the direction from the neck to the lumbar spine, the patient is forced to move the body relative to the protrusions. Such movements cause significant problems, since they require additional and significant stresses the muscles of the spine, abdomen and legs. Therefore, the effectiveness of self-massage is becoming very problematic.

Due to the large contact area of the patient's body with a bearing surface on which it is installed, there is considerable resistance to longitudinal reciprocating movement of the patient's body relative to the device.

Free movement of the body without much stress on the legs and spine all the complexity and inconvenience of use of the device because of the need for periodic lift pelvis and hold the weight of the upper body.

The lifting of the pelvis causes an additional voltage of the muscles of the lumbar region of the spine, making it difficult to massage patients. The necessity of regulating the distance between the projections of the device caused by individual characteristics and dimensions of the cervical spinal cord and lumbar spine of the patient.

The distance between the point end of the paravertebral muscles in the cervical and dorsal spine for each patient is individual and varies 52/3-4/ mm and 66/8-10/ mm, respectively.

The necessity of regulating the distance between the projections of the device caused by individual location of pain zones in congested patients muscles of the spine, back and neck.

The purpose of the claimed device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck is to eliminate these disadvantages, namely, improving the efficiency of self-massage by providing the possibility of regulating the distance between the massaging elements tailored to the individual dimensions of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine.

Another goal is to increase convenience and simplification of self-massage that is performed using the proposed usteristrasse building located on it, massaging elements, the distance between which corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine, and elements connected with each other on a curved surface according to the invention the device further comprises an axle and thread, and made with the possibility of newarchive her case consists of two halves, cross-sections which have the configuration of a five-pointed star, with four tabs that are used to massage deep paravertebral muscles, have a spherical shape, turning into a cone, and one projection that is used to massage the neck muscles and superficial back muscles, has a barrel-shaped, thus the surface area of contact between the barrel and the spherical protrusions with muscles are in the ratio of 1.5 to 2.2, and the ends of the axis holes for mounting auxiliary cords.

In addition, the device cross-sectional halves of the body can be configured as a four ultimate stars with different sizes of the radii of curvature, with the pair of protrusions have the same radii and different radii of curvature are in the ratio of 1.5-2 to each other.

In addition, the surface of the axle and the sprocket holes may be you who entrusted, massaging elements, in accordance with the individual dimensions of the cervical, dorsal and lumbar spine.

The execution of the body of two halves, with the possibility of newarchive axle, provides the location of the massaging elements exactly with the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine, namely, within 52-68 mm, which provides the selectivity and accuracy effects on vertebral segments and intervertebral disks.

The distance between the massaging elements halves of the body, equal to 52 mm, corresponds to the minimum distance between the point end of the paravertebral muscles in the cervical spine. The distance between the massaging elements halves of the body, equal to 68 mm, corresponds to the distance between the point end of the paravertebral muscles in the dorsal spine.

Execution of cross-sections of the halves of the housing with a five-pointed star configuration increases the efficiency of self-massage, as it simplifies and facilitates the movement of the patient in the longitudinal direction. Moving the patient from one massaging protrusion on the other in the direction from the neck to the lumbar OTDELA area of the back, length 25-55 mm occurs at the same time and in conjunction with the tabs massager with simultaneous rolling and ends with rocking.

During the swing areas of a patient's back to massaging elements arise pushing the vertebrae force that returns them to the normal position. Cross-sectional halves of the body can also have a four-pointed star. Execution of cross-sections of the halves of the body in the form of a four-pointed star provides simultaneous massage of two vertebrae, remote from each other in the longitudinal direction. In this case, the simultaneous impact of two vertebrae allows them to push, if patient was identified one or two-way compression and return them in a physiologically correct position.

Execution of protrusions with different sizes of the radii of curvature, namely, protrusions of different pairs, can extend the use of the massager, to create different combinations massaging effort. The paired protrusions are characterized by equal radii of curvature. Execution of protrusions of different pairs with the radii are in the ratio of 1.5-2 to each other, enables variations massaging efforts on the ledges. This naibigay efforts arising from each pair of protrusions in magnitude to each other and reduces the possibility of variations. The increase in the ratio of the radii of the projections to 2.1 and higher, for example up to 2.5, it is impractical due to buckling of the massage element in the process of massage, if as a support will be used projections with smaller radii of curvature. Running four rounded projections that serve to massage deep paravertebral muscles, spherical shape, turning into a cone, allows point impact on overstrained "spasmodic muscle by pressing the point in twisting of the spine.

The spherical form of the four protrusions provides gentle acupressure effect on spasmodic muscle. In addition, the spherical form of the four protrusions provides free rolling land back during the massage and subsequent swinging in the longitudinal and transverse directions.

The implementation of the fifth guide stars used for massage of the neck muscles and superficial back muscles, barrel-shaped reduces the effort and point of impact by reducing the depth of penetration of the projections in casinovirtuale warming up and preparing them to massage spherical protrusions. Due to the preliminary warming up and preparing to massage spherical protrusions increases the comfort of the massage.

The ratio of the surface area of contact between the barrel and the spherical protrusions with muscles selected equal to 1.5 to 2.2 for the following reasons.

Massaging effect on the muscles of the neck must be less than the impact on the muscles of the thoracic spine 1.5-2.2 times as the value of effort and the depth of the contact.

This requirement provides a large surface area of the barrel-shaped protrusions compared to spherical. The selected ratio of 1.5 to 2.2, will allow care to influence spastic deep neck muscles, with less muscle mass compared to the deep muscles of the back.

Because of the spastic muscles of the neck requires a soft, gentle exposure to the massage elements, the limits of the ratio of the area of the surface of the barrel-shaped and spherical projections with muscles is determined by the amount of massaging efforts and the depth of penetration of the massaging element in the muscle layer. The lower limit of the ratio equal to 1.5. Reducing the ratio to a value equal 1,49, it is impractical because SN is not feasible due to the onset of acute muscle pain in the neck. The design of the device increases the efficiency of self-massage vertebral and paravertebral regions of the spine by providing the possibility of regulating the distance between the massaging elements, taking into account individual peculiarities of localization spasm and tailored to the individual dimensions of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. The treatment offered by the device allows you to adjust the spine through self-massage vertebral and paravertebral regions of the spine due to the smooth, gentle movements performed by the patient.

The device is easy to handle, does not require the presence of medical personnel and allows to dose load due to the involvement of the lower extremities. An important advantage is that by using the proposed device possible prevention of osteoarthritis, including, for persons engaged in heavy physical labor, drivers, and for those leading a sedentary lifestyle.

The proposed device provides the influence to the point of SACO located symmetrically on both sides of the spine, thereby improving the functioning of the kidneys and urogenital. The inventive device is avidinii search for sources of patent and scientific and technical documentation by the applicant revealed no known technical solutions, in which the device additionally contains the axis of the threaded and configured to newarchive her body consisted of two halves, the cross section having the configuration of a five-pointed star, with four tabs that are used to massage deep paravertebral muscles, would have a spherical shape, turning into a cone, and one projection that is used to massage the neck muscles and superficial back muscles, would have a barrel shape, wherein the surface area of contact between the barrel and the spherical protrusions with muscles would be in a ratio equal to 1,5-2,2, both ends of the axis were made holes for mounting auxiliary cords. In addition, no correlation device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck, which would cross-sectional halves of the body had the configuration of a four-pointed star with different radii of curvature, with the pair of tabs would have the same radii and different radii of curvature would be in the ratio of 1.5-2 to each other.

In addition, not detected a device in which the configuration of the mating halves of the body axis has the form of a geometric element, inscribed in a rectangular isosceles triangle. Zaya is but the device meets the criterion of "industrial applicability". The proposed device allows to increase the efficiency of self-massage, easy to use, simple to manufacture. Therefore, the device meets the criterion of "positive effect". Along with therapeutic effect associated with the prevention of diseases of the spine, the use of the inventive device will save significant funds on reducing production of other expensive and complicated construction of the massage device.

The essence of the inventive device is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the device.

In Fig. 2 and 3 depicts a cross-sectional view of the halves of the body.

In Fig. 4 shows the configuration of the mating halves of the housing with the axis.

In Fig. 5 and 6 show the position of the patient during the massage of the cervical spine.

In Fig. 7 shows the position of the torso of the patient during lateral swinging on the ledges-grounds.

In Fig. 8 shows the position of a patient's back during longitudinal swinging on the ledges-grounds.

In Fig. 9 shows the position of the patient's legs during lateral swinging n is and spine.

In Fig. 11 shows the position of the patient during the massage dorsal spine and longitudinal movement on the ledges-grounds.

In Fig. 12 shows the position of the patient in the initial state before the massage.

In Fig. 13 shows the device in perspective view.

In Fig. 14 depicts a front view of the massaging element made in the form of a five-pointed star.

The device includes a housing 1 consisting of two halves 1, screw on the axle 2, and having massaging elements 3 and 4. The distance between them corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the spine and massaging elements 3 and 4 are connected with each other curved surfaces. The cross-section of half 1 of the housing are configured as a five-pointed star and four protrusions have a spherical shape, turning into a cone, and the fifth protrusion is barrel-shaped. The spherical protrusions are used to massage the muscles of the back, and barrel - massage of the neck muscles and superficial back muscles.

The surface area of contact between the barrel and the spherical protrusions with muscles are in a ratio equal to 1.5 to 2.2. At the ends of the axis 2 holes for mounting auxiliary materials is rubber. The cross-section of half 1 of the housing 1 can be configured as a four-pointed star. The radii of curvature of the paired projections of the same dimensions and radii of curvature different pairs of protrusions are in the ratio of 1.5-2.

The configuration of the coupling half 1 of the housing 1 with the axis 2 may be in the form of geometric element 5, is inscribed in a rectangular isosceles triangle. In this case, the axis 2 should be made of plastic, and half 1 of the housing 1 is made of rubber or other plastic material.

Due to this pairing in axis 2 half 1 of the housing 1, the patient turns their axis 2 90oachieving durable connection of the housing 1 with the axis 2. In this case, there is a possibility of adjustment of the housing 1 on the axis 2 and configure the massaging elements 3 and 4 in accordance with the individual sizes of the muscles of the neck and spine of the patient. In addition, the surface of the axle 2 may be smooth. In this case, the surface of the sprocket holes is also masonry. Due to the fact that the surface of the axle and the sprocket holes are smooth, you can easily adjust the distance between the massaging elements and to adjust the massager during the massage, without removing it from under the elements 3 and 4 with respect to axis 2 is prevented due to the impact of the patient's weight, compressive massaging elements 3 and 4.

The device operates as follows.

Pre-install massaging elements 3 and 4 on the axis 2 in accordance with the individual sizes massaged the muscles of the patient. For this purpose, the elements 3 and 4 brings to the axis 2 on both sides by sliding the halves 1, so that between the projections was established within 681,5 mm, corresponding to the distance between the point end of the paravertebral muscles of the dorsal spine of the adult patient. When the elements 3 and 4 rest against the axis 2, the distance between the massaging protrusions is equal to 52 mm, which corresponds to the distance between the point end of the paravertebral muscles of the cervical spine. Self-massage conducted by the bedsides, is the summing device under congested sick muscle spinal or cervical spine with the help of auxiliary cords. The patient then presses his weight on the ledges, focusing on the pleasant feeling of pain in the muscles. At the time of pressing is a reflex relaxation of the compressed muscles. Massage in one area of the spine is from 2 min to 5 min Then patientname the spine or Vice versa. In the process of moving occurs resultant force of the two ledges, pushing the vertebrae and eliminating subluxation. This stage of the massage lasts from 2 minutes to 5 minutes During the massage, the patient can wiggle on the ledges-grounds, seeking a small twisting of the spine, and thereby to adjust the degree of pressure on painful spasmodic muscle. During longitudinal movement with one massaging element to another, as well as during swinging on the ledges is a reflex relaxation of overstrained muscles, experiencing point pressure.

Thanks acupressure, combined with a longitudinal movement of the spine and a small twisting improves circulation to the spinal and cervical departments that enhances the nutrition of bone and muscle tissue and speeds up the excretion of metabolic waste products. Relief of muscle spasm promotes the release of the roots of the spinal cord, which leads to normalization of the function of internal organs, innerviruemah these nerve channels.

The proposed device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck allows for comparison with prototype:

- to improve the effectiveness of self-massage;

1. Device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck, comprising a housing located on it, massaging elements, the distance between which corresponds to the boundaries of the paravertebral region of the thoracic and lumbar spine, and elements connected with each other by a curved surface, characterized in that the device further comprises an axle and thread, and made with the possibility of newarchive her case consists of two halves, cross-sections which have the configuration of a five-pointed star, with four tabs that are used to massage deep paravertebral muscles, have a spherical shape, turning into a cone, and one projection, used for massage of the neck muscles and superficial back muscles, has a barrel shape, wherein the surface area of contact between the barrel and the spherical protrusions with muscles are in the ratio of 1.5 to 2.2, and the ends of the axis holes for fastening cords.

2. Device for self massage, deep muscles of the back and neck under item 1, characterized in that the cross-sectional halves of the body have a configuration of four-pointed stars with different sizes of the radii of curvature, with the pair of protrusions have the same

 

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