Composition containing periodogram (options), the use of refrigerant, the method of application of the solvent, the method of applying the agent to razuki foam, the method of application of the propellant and the method of application of extinguishing agent

 

(57) Abstract:

Presents a new series of effective environmentally safe, non-flammable, non-lethal refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam, propellants, and fire-fighting means. Agents are clean, electroconductive and have low atmospheric viability and zero potential depletion of the ozone layer. Agents include at least one periodocity CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOhwhere the indices in the formula are integers, a = 1 - 8, b = 0 - 2, c, d, g = 0 - 1, e = 1 - 17, f = 1 - 2, h = 0, mixed with additives, selected from alcohols, esters, ethers of perepelov, hydrocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, and perfluorocarbons. 7 C. and 114 C.p. f-crystals, 5 PL.

Nimitz et al. November 27, 1991, was filed related application N 07/800532 called "pure trophorestorative fire-fighting tools with low potential for ozone depletion and low global warming potential".

Government rights.

The U.S. government provides irrevocable, non-exclusive, non-replaced right to use the invention with power to grant mentioned the right to PR/P> The invention mostly refers to periodogram compositions of matter and methods of producing and using such compositions of matter.

The prior art.

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-s), for example F-11, F-12, F-113, F-114, CFC-115 and mixtures containing these CFC-s, such as R-500 and 502, the conventional use as refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam and propellants. CFC-s contain only chlorine, fluorine and carbon, and have the General formula CxClyFzwhere X=1 or 2, and Y+Z=2X+2. A related group of chemicals known as halons (also called bromberger, BFC-s) having the General formula CWBXClYFZ(where W =1 or 2, Y=0 or 1, and X+Y+Z=2W+2) are usually used as extinguishing agents.

Due to good chemical resistance CFC s and halons, when they are released to the atmosphere through natural processes in the troposphere are destroyed only a small fraction. In the CFC's and halons have a large atmospheric viability and migrate into the stratosphere, where they are subjected to photolysis, forming radicals of chlorine and bromine, which are substantially Deplete protective which reflects its quantitative ability to destroy stratospheric ozone. Potential ozone depletion is calculated in each case relative to CFC-11 (CFCl3, trichloromethane), whom is attributed a value of 1. Commonly used CFC-s have a BED about 1; halons have a BED between 2 and 14. Names, formulas, and SDT commonly used CFC s and halons are shown in table 1 (see end of description).

For example, CFC-12 is approximately 26% by weight of global CFC production and produces about 150 million pounds (68040000 kg) per year. The vast majority FC-12 eventually released to the atmosphere, rises into the stratosphere, is exposed to ultraviolet radiation and is decomposed to obtain chlorine radicals, which catalytically destroy the protective ozone layer of the Earth.

This stratospheric ozone depletion allows more ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earth's surface, which leads, in addition to other adverse effects, to the growth of skin cancers in humans and develop these types of cataracts, damage to crops, natural ecosystems and materials. This invention will greatly reduce the adverse effects by providing environmentally friendly alternatives, corporalita (HCFS s) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC-s) used as refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam and propellants.

CFC-s is widely used for these applications due to their effectiveness, low toxicity, Flammability, elektroprovodnosti, purity by evaporation, Miscibility with hydrocarbons and greases based on mineral oils; and the relative directionspanel with respect to copper, aluminum and nonferrous metals. However, CFC-s out of production in the United States, which is subject to the terms of the Montreal agreement. Amendments act of 1990 , concerning the purity of the air, and Directives of the President dated 11 February 1992. Although HCFC-s (with a value of SDT in the range from 0.02 to 0.11) Deplete the ozone layer is much smaller than CFC's, HCFC-s also cause some depletion of the ozone layer and their plan to withdraw from the time of manufacture in accordance with the Montreal agreement.

A wide class of kalogeropoulou consists of all possible molecules that contain carbon, can contain hydrogen and may contain at least one of the following atoms of halogen: fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. Odougherty are haogenplast that contain iodine; periodogram containing the present only of carbon, Halogens and, possibly, hydrogen, and does not contain oxygen, nitrogen, or multiple links. In principle, halogenoalkane can be obtained from hydrocarbons by replacement of hydrogen atoms by halogen atoms (F, Cl, Br or I). Themselves hydrocarbons are also used as a very effective refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam and propellants, but they have a big disadvantage consisting in extremely high Flammability. The replacement of a large proportion of the atoms of halogen imparts flame resistance. Therefore, CFC-s and other highly halogenated haogenplast possess many of the desirable properties of hydrocarbons plus a significant advantage consisting in the non.

When selecting refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam, propellants, and fire extinguishing agents the main subject of discussion is the toxicity. Toxic effects of halogenoalkanes includes, for example, the stimulation or suppression of the Central nervous system, stimulation of cardiac arrhythmia and sensitization of the heart to adrenaline. Inhalation of halogenoalkanes can cause bronchostenosis, reduced lung elasticity, decrease tidal volume, a decrease in the average arterialnogo, mutagenesis, teratogenesis and oncogenic potential.

It is necessary to consider the impact of halogenosilanes on the environment, including the potential for depletion of the ozone layer (SDT), global warming potential (GWP) and the impact on the terrestrial environment. It is known that chlorine - and brominated flame halogenoalkane Deplete the stratospheric ozone layer, thus brominated flame halogenoalkane represent a greater problem (atom) than chlorine. The depletion of ozone in the stratosphere leads to increased levels of ultraviolet radiation at the Earth's surface, causing an increased incidence of skin cancer, cataracts, weakening of the human immune system, damage to crops and aquatic organisms. These problems are considered so serious that the Montreal Convention and other laws restricting the production and use of volatile halogenated alkanes.

The flame suppression occurs through two mechanisms: physical and chemical. The physical mechanism involves absorption by molecules, sufficient to reduce the temperature of combustible materials below the temperature of ignition and/or displacement of oxygen at the end of combustion. Than Bo is through the freedom she has, the higher heat capacity of steam and the greater the heat. The chemical mechanism includes break free radical chain reactions flame spread, including the radicals hydrogen, oxygen and hydroxyl radicals. It was assumed (but not proven) that the bromine atoms break off this chain reaction.

When using the previous tools for fire fighting to achieve repayment of the flame is used or the chemical or physical action, or both of these effects. Such reagents, such as carbon dioxide, substituted oxygen, and also absorbed thermal energy. Such reagents as, for example, water, acts solely by absorption of thermal energy. Previous halogenated agents, such as carbon tetrachloride, BROMOTRIFLUOROMETHANE, etc. used besides as functional tools. The U.S. army studied halogenated agents in the 1940's that led to the adoption of well-known Galanova family reagents. Other work New Mexico Engineering Research Institute (Design and research Institute of new Mexico) found pure perfluorocarbons and some clean iodirovannoye agents as having future potential as an extinguishing srednie funds with low potential for ozone depletion and low global warming potential"), which are disclosed in the joint consideration of the application for U.S. patent N 07/800532 filed Nimitz et al. November 27, 1991, In this work it was shown that some iodosobenzene chemicals in a clean (pure) form are extinguishing properties, such properties bromodomain chemicals. There are many problems associated with bronirovannymi, perfluorinated and pure coded agents. Brominated agents currently resolve of world production according to the Montreal agreement and Amendments act of 1990, concerning the purity of the air, because of their strong ability to destroy stratospheric ozone layer. Perfluorinated agents have a high global warming potential and atmospheric viability, estimated at several thousand years. Their production and use is limited by the upcoming legislation and responsibility for existing production. The cost of the PFC is high and the fire extinguishing capability lower than that of brominated agents. In critical situations where there are restrictions on weight and volume, such as airplanes, tanks and ships, may not be doumanian, (cryptarithmetic, CF3I), having fire-extinguishing potential (Dictionary of Organic Compounds; Chapman and Hall, New York, 1982, p.5477). Concerns about CF3I revolves around toxicity and dispersion efficiency. For gaseous flooding applications selected by the agent was BROMOTRIFLUOROMETHANE (CF3Br), which remains so to the present time.

Refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam, propellants and fire extinguishing agents must be chemically stable during storage, to be used for a long period of time and be directionspanel against the tanks in which they are placed. Refrigerants are usually operating between the temperature limits from -98oC to 8oC. the Majority of commercial and institutional applications ranges from -23oC to 8oC. In unusual cases (for example, when the motor burn-out) can be applied at higher temperatures, but in such cases the formation of other pollutants will somehow lead to the required replacement of fluid. Although solvents, agents for razuki foam and propellants is usually stored and used at room temperature, under unusual circumstances, they may ispy shall be stable during storage at temperatures between -20oC to 50oC and should decompose at temperatures of ignition to exit varieties, exciting radical.

The refrigerant operates by absorbing heat when it evaporates in one area of the equipment, then the heat when it is re-condensed in a different zone of the apparatus is given. Necessary for the efficiency properties include the corresponding curves vapor pressure, enthalpy of evaporation, solubility (including Miscibility with oil), toxicity and Flammability. CFC-s 12, 114, 500 and 502 have been used as refrigerants for many years, because they possess the necessary physical properties, such as corresponding boiling points and work pressure, enthalpy of vaporization, mixing with lubricants based on mineral oils, low toxicity and flame resistance. In addition, CFC-s almost not cause corrosion of metals and insulating materials. Properties of commonly used refrigerants (including the typical temperature of the evaporator and condenser and typical applications) are presented in table. 2 (see the end of the description).

Hydrocarbons, including cyclopropane, propane, butane and isobutane, is also used as a high hate refrigerants due to their high Flammability. They have all the other necessary properties.

Standard ASHRA 15 restricts the use of most hydrocarbons as refrigerants 2nd or 3rd class, which limits their application to laboratory equipment with a total load less than 3 pounds (1,3608 kg) or technical/industrial uses, in which the cooling equipment is located remotely from inhabited buildings. These restrictions severely limit the recognized usefulness of refrigerants containing hydrocarbons.

Cooling equipment to avoid friction, overheating and burnout of the compressor or supporting surfaces require lubrication constantly circulating and cooling water. Therefore, an important requirement is the Miscibility of refrigerants with lubricants. Most lubricants are, for example, is not very soluble in the hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) and this is an important issue when applying for alternative cooling agent HFC-134a.

Many billions of dollars worth installing refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, which is usually used. If CFC-s become unsuitable and consistent replacement is not available, a significant part of this is equipped with the flanged part of the energy and resources embedded in the production and installation of equipment, is unprofitable.

The solvent must dissolve hydrophobic stains such as oils, fats and waxes must be non-flammable, relatively non-toxic and should evaporate in a pure form. Preferred are solvents, chemicals with boiling points between 35oC and 120oC, because this range boiling point allows evaporation within a reasonable time (between one minute and two hours). Traditionally choose solvents CFC-113 and 1,1,1-trichloroethane. Recently due to concerns about a halogenated solvents in relation to the environment has been renewed interest in hydrocarbon solvents, such as Stoddard solvent(Stoddard), (petroleum fraction containing hydrocarbons with carbon atoms in an amount of from 8 th to 11-th), despite the Flammability of these solvents. When reference is made to the hydrocarbon oil fraction, is usually understood that the term "naphtha, white spirit, naphtha, petroleum ether and varnish gasoline" can represent fractions with similar compositions and can sometimes be used interchangeably.

Agents for razuki foam has set up, if appropriate insulation value and be non-flammable. For razuki foam use a wide variety of agents, including CFC-11, HCFC-22, HCFC-123, HFC-134a, HCFC-141, and pentane. To interact with the formed polymer, the allocation of free carbon dioxide and contributes to the formation of the cells to the agent for razuki foam often add water (up to about 25 mol.%). Recently, some manufacturers have started to use water as the sole blowing means, despite a slight loss of insulating ability, stability, size and resistance to ageing.

Aerosol propellant should have a high vapor pressure, low heat of vaporization and stability during storage. In the U.S. CFC-s used as propellants until 1978, and in many countries CFC-s still find a use for this purpose. Continuous use of CFC aerosol propellants abroad significantly contributes to the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. After 1978 in the USA CFC-s replaced in many propellant applications for hydrocarbons such as butane and isobutane. These gases are extremely flammable and people burned in the fire, when used these propellants.

Fire extinguishing agents, replacing halons shall be effective the camping and to have a negligible impact on the environment. Although halons (bromberger) and satisfy the first four criteria, they are very atmospheric viability and high potential depletion of the ozone layer and will fall out of production in accordance with the terms of the Montreal agreement and other required regulations.

Although it is relatively easy to identify chemicals that have one, two or three selected properties, it is very difficult to identify chemicals that have simultaneously all of the following properties: effective performance, flame resistance, low toxicity, purity, elektroprovodnostju, Miscibility with conventional lubricants, minor atmospheric viability and low viability in the environment, zero SDT and very low GWP. In addition, unusual and desirable properties of the selected members of the unknown class pteridopsida are not obvious. Periodogram been studied only rarely in the literature describes only some of their properties. Conventional experts in the field of chemistry indicate that iododerma organic compounds are too toxic and are unstable when in this area. To some extent this bias properties of the class of floridaorlando was investigated only slightly, and periodogram remained a little-known class of chemical substances.

In Japanese, Abstract N 4-233.294 widely disclosed heat transfer fluids containing 5-60 wt.%, preferably 5-30 wt.% tritriacontane and an additive selected from propane, propylene, cyclopropane, dimethyl ether, methylmethanamine, deformity, triptorelin, diflorasone and monitoredin. However, only certain compositions disclosed in this reference, contain 94% deformity and 6 mol.% tritriacontane, 98 mol.% propylene, and 2 mole% tritriacontane. In addition, it does not address methods of cleaning solvent, means for razuki foam, methods for aerosol propellants, methods of extinguishing fire or sterilization methods.

In U.S. patent N 5073288 disclosed compositions nonfor-4-triptoreline for cleaning hard surfaces, but in this patent are not discussed and are not available compositions that contain pterygopalatine compound of the present invention to apply the solvent.

WO 92/17558 aimed at the azeotropic composition 1,1,2,2-sposoby, using these connections.

U.S. patent N 5135054 reveals partially or completely fluorinated alkanes having at least 2 carbon atoms, for use as agents to extinguish the fire, but did not discuss the use of compounds containing iodine.

In large part, this invention recognizes that the unique properties of fluorine (the most electronegative element) strengthen and stabilize the carbon-iodine bond to the extent sufficient to make the selected periodogram relatively non-toxic and sufficiently stable for use in cleaning solvent, under cooling, injection blow foam and promotion of the aerosol. To identify them as sustainable in these new applications carried out a thorough collection, evaluation, properties and selection for expected efficiency, low toxicity and low impact on the environment. So here are the new applications, and new combinations of chemicals, leading to new and unexpected results.

As a pure (unalloyed) and mixed periodogram described here provide new, safe for the environment neoplasene is inania have the following properties: excellent performance purity, elektroprovodnostju, low toxicity, flame resistance (samozatuhaniya), minor atmospheric viability, zero SDT, low GWP and low impact on the earth's environment.

Although some periogard known in the chemical literature are briefly described, and their potential for applications described here, was never admitted. No periodogram was not previously used for cleaning solvent, cooling, razuki foam or promotion aerosol either in pure form or as mixtures.

One net periodogram (CF3I was briefly described in the open literature as the fire-extinguishing agent (Dictionary of Organic Compounds. Chapman and Hall, New York, 1982, p.5477). A small amount of additional net floridaorlando was proposed as one of the inventors for use in firefighting (Himitz et al., "Clean Tropodegradable Fire Extringuishing Agents with Low Ozone Depletion and Glodal Warning Rotentials" located at the joint consideration of the application for U.S. patent N 07/800532, filed November 27, 1991). However, mixtures containing periodogram, no new net pterygopalatine agents, described here, has never been proposed for use in pozharotushenija from the point of view of cost, reduced toxicity, improved physical properties and improved performance.

The essence of the invention.

The main aim of the invention is the provision of a relatively non-toxic agents for use in cooling, cleaning solvent, injection blow foam, promoting aerosol and firefighting. Another aim of the invention is the provision of non-flammable and environmentally friendly compositions of matter. Another objective of the invention is the provision periodogram compounds that are pure and electroconductive. Another aim of the invention is the provision of pure and mixed floridaorlando having zero potential ozone depletion, low global warming potential and negligible effect on atmospheric and terrestrial environment.

An advantage of the invention is the duplication of existing refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam, aerosol propellants and fire extinguishers at a lower cost. Another advantage of the invention is the optimization of the properties by mixing floridaorlando with selected additives. Another advantage is tollerton as replacement of existing chemical compounds.

One of the technical problems solved by the present invention, is the environmental issue that is faced with the use of chlorofluorocarbons, such as products of freon. Compositions and methods of the present invention avoids the problems of the environment.

Description of the preferred options.

Desirable agents must possess all of the following properties: efficiency, low toxicity, flame resistance and safety for the environment. Although relatively easy to find chemicals that meet two or three of these criteria, it is extremely difficult to identify those chemicals that meet all the desired criteria. The novelty of this invention consists in the identification of chemical compounds and mixtures (and their application) that satisfy all these criteria. Chemical compounds and mixtures described herein are effective, relatively non-toxic, non-flammable and soft against the environment. They possess desirable boiling points, vapor pressure and heats of vaporization for optimum efficiency. By mixing pteridopsida on the other is camping get a completely non-flammable. Secondly, through the mixing of chemicals to get the best performance you can optimize the physical properties (including the range of boiling points, density, viscosity and solubility of grease). Thirdly, it has already received low toxicity can be significantly reduced. Fourth, it reduces the cost of the agent.

As a General class, odougherty are more reactive, less stable and more toxic than the corresponding chloro - or bromochloride; for this reason they are often rejected as unsuitable for the applications described here. However, in large part, this invention recognizes the fact that the unique properties of fluorine give polyfluorinated odougherty with extremely low reactivity, high stability and low toxicity. Since fluorine is the most electronegative element, the presence of two or more fluorine atoms attached to the same carbon atom, which is linked to an atom of iodine, pulls electron density and provides a spatial difficulty, making the carbon-iodine links floridaorlando abnormal durable and resistant to chemical reaction. All of the Tr is the substitution (SN1), bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) and homolytic cleavage of communication. Due to this low reactivity of periodogram show unusually high stability and low toxicity. In addition, odougherty was never involved in the depletion of the ozone layer, global warming or long-term contamination of the terrestrial environment.

When applying selected criteria of the invention relating to toxicity, each of the preferred compounds characterized by a strong toxicity (or measured or predicted) not more than such commonly used CFC-s. In this respect, the toxicity is measured as LC50(lethal concentration at 50% level) for rats during the time of exposure is 4 hours. Toxicity data of floridaorlando limited to this time, but they are very encouraging. It is reported that all of the subsequent floridaorlando have LC50for mice during the time of exposure of 1 hour, more than 10,000 ppm (parts per million): 1-iodophores, 1-iodophore and 1-iodophores.

If a chemical should have zero SDT, it must either: 1) not coderjoe (and thus never reach the stratosphere). Three main destruction mechanism haogenplast in the troposphere are Felis, destruction using hydroxyl radical (OH) and destruction with the help of oxygen atoms (O). Due to shielding (protection) with stratospheric ozone and other atmospheric components present sunlight has a greater wavelength (and therefore lower energy) than the sunlight that is present in the stratosphere. If the molecules undergo photolysis in the troposphere, they must contain a light-absorbing groups (chromophores) and weak ties. Such a light-absorbing group with weak ties include carbon-iodine Sigma. The carbon-iodine connection is extremely sensitive to photolysis and easily broken down in the presence of sunlight even at Ground level. Thus, periodogram quickly destroyed by photolysis in the troposphere and therefore do not contribute to ozone depletion or significant global warming.

Compounds of the present invention is chosen also on the basis of their global warming potentials, which are all increasingly considered along with the factors in the depletion of the ozone layer. Global warming is caused by p is Erna viability (time life) and the more infrared absorption of molecules, the more their GWP. It is recognized that some chlorofluorocarbons have GWP, several thousand times the CWP of carbon dioxide. Due to rapid photolysis and as a result of this minor (short) atmospheric viability of periodogram have a very low GWP compared to CFC-AMI, galanaki, HCFC-AMI, HCFC and perfluorocarbons.

Minor atmospheric viability of floridaorlando preferred due to the absorption of ultraviolet energy of the carbon-iodine bond causes the decomposition of the agent in the natural sunlight within a short period of time after he got into the atmosphere. By-products of decomposition are harmless salts that are removed from the environment through natural sedimentation. Periodogram may contain an atom of chlorine or bromine, without causing the measured stratospheric ozone depletion, because the molecule is destroyed by photolysis of C-1-communication in the troposphere, never achieving the stratosphere.

In addition to exposure to the fast photolysis, idealine are faster hydrolysis than the corresponding chlorine or bromaline, so they quickly additive to table salt). Because of the rapid decomposition of periodogram (in contrast to CFC-s) has never been involved in long-term contamination of soil or ground water.

Periodogram are highly effective means to suppress the flames, in some cases, more effective per mole than halons (bromberger). Periodogram provide not only chemical extinguishing, but significant physical fighting through the removal of heat by molecular vibrations. The addition of pteridopsida sufficient concentration to otherwise inflammable liquid or a couple (e.g., hydrocarbon) will result in self-extinguishing material. Description of the invention and the formula presented here, in particular related to liquid and gaseous chemical agents used to extinguish active and almost active flame, including flammable, combustible and electrically connected materials.

The agents described herein have acceptable stability when stored under normal conditions. To prevent photolysis of floridaorlando should be protected from sunlight by storing in opaque containers, such as metal containers or who should add a small amount of metallic copper.

Preferred periodogram that meet the selected criteria are presented in table. 3 (see the end of the description). All pterygopalatine agents have a boiling point between -25oC and +170oC and satisfy the General chemical formula CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOnin which a is between and including 1 and 8; b is between and including including 0 and 2; c, d, g, and h are each between and including 0 and 1; e is between and including 1 and 17; and f is between and including 1 and 2.

Preferred additives intended for mixing with periodogram shown in table. 4 (see the end of the description). Table. 4 includes selected alcohols, esters, ethers, hydrocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, forevery, ketones and perfluorocarbons 1 with boiling points between -150oC and +200oC.

Particularly preferred are azeotropic mixtures, because they do not change the composition by evaporation, and, thus, do not alter the properties, if the portion of the mixture evaporates. Applicants have developed a proprietary computer program for prediction of azeotropic education, based on equation sostoyanii.pol. This program also includes new ways that Applicants have developed for evaluation of properties of chemical substances and mixtures; this ensures proper evaluation curves vapor pressures, enthalpies of vaporization, and other interest property that provides the choice of optimal mixtures.

Refrigerants.

This invention discloses that by adding the corresponding periodogram receive the hydrocarbon, which is more efficient liquid coolant, and carry out self-damping. Such mixtures are unique non-flammable hydrocarbon mixtures.

All new refrigerants that are described here, including mixtures are miscible with the four main groups of lubricants: mineral oils, alkyl benzenes, polyolefine esters (POE) and polyalkylene glycols (PAG).

The presence of the agent of the halogen atoms with a high atomic weight (chlorine, bromine or iodine) due to the polarizability of the atoms provides Miscibility with these lubricants. Another advantage of hydrocarbon refrigerants is that greatly simplified the detection of leaks in comparison with CFC-AMI or HFC-AMI.

As shown in table 5, by costume equipment. The agents described herein provide for the replacement of thousands of tonnes of CFC-s in existing equipment that is safe for the environment, non-flammable, energy-efficient refrigerants. In new systems, re-designed to optimize performance floridageorgia agents get excellent performance.

The solvents.

Floridageorgia agents with boiling points in the desired range for use as solvents include, for example, 1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, periodontal, 1,1,2,2-Tetra-fluoro-1-iodoethane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane, defenietly, indicator-1-iodopentane and traducator-1-iodohexane. When adding pteridopsida to vosplamenyaemostb solvent, such as hydrocarbon, alcohol, complex ether or ketone, the solvent becomes nonflammable. In the case of mixtures to prevent loss floridaorlando agent from the mixture by evaporation ideally periodocity component or to form an azeotrope, or have a boiling point equal to or slightly higher than that of the other component(s).

Agents for razuki foam.

Adding to the change and its insulating ability improves.

Aerosol propellants.

Adding a sufficient amount of volatile pteridopsida propellant such as propane, butane or isobutane, becomes nonflammable.

Fire extinguishing agents.

When mixing the selected periodperiod with hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and forefire get the agents that are highly effective, have low toxicity and low cost and zero potential depletion of the ozone layer. In some cases, these mixed agents provide synergies (the best fighting than linearly predicted) due to chemical extinguishing of periodogram and physical extinguishing additives. Vapor pressure, efficiency, chemical activity with respect to the reservoir for storage and delivery systems, weight, cost, and toxicity can be optimized by creating mixtures. Mixed azeotrope and almost azeotropic pterygopalatine extinguishing agents provide a reduction in the value supplied agents by extracting benefits from excellent absorbing ability and the lowered cost of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and farafirah components compared with those of pteridopsida their performance is more predictable, than autotrophic mixtures. Such mixtures retain their composition all the time, not divided into separate components remain stable and provide excellent performance. Selected mixtures act as a functional alternative to existing equipment and delivery systems, minimizing the necessary hardware changes.

Industrial applicability.

This invention, also illustrated by the subsequent non-limiting examples.

Refrigerants.

Table 5 (see below) shows preferred examples of sequential replacement of cooling agents (including mixtures).

The solvents.

The method of applying solvent to clean the surface of the product according to the present invention includes a solvent applicator and application of solvent from the applicator to the surface of the product.

The following preferred clean agents and mixtures satisfy the requirements of the characteristics of dissolution, non -, low toxicity and low impact on the environment: clean 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane; clean indicator-1-iodopentane; the number of the t 2 to 15% (by moles) 1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane with pentane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; from 2 to 15% (by moles) 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane with hexane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; from 2 to 15% (by moles) traducator-1-iodohexane with octane, nananom and/or Dean in an amount of from 98 to 85%; from 2 to 15% (by moles) 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane with one or more chemicals selected from the group of methanol, ethanol, 2-butanone, 2-propanol, acetone, methyl acetate, the ethyl acetate, tetrahydrofuran and hexane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; and from 2 to 15% (by moles) indicator-1-iodopentane with at least one chemical substance selected from the group: heptane, ethanol, 2-propanol and 2-butanone in the amount of from 98 to 85%.

Agents for razuki foam.

Ways to razuki foam of the present invention include stage injection agent for razuki foam in the monomer, ensure the polymerization of the monomer, providing essentially the evaporation agent and ensure curing membranes of the cell.

The following preferred clean agents and mixtures satisfy the requirements for agents intended for razuki foam: clean dipteridaceae, net Pentafluoroethane; clean 1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane; from 2 to 15% (by moles) of Pentafluoroethane with butane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; 2-15% (by moles) diferida% (by moles) of Pentafluoroethane with pentane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; from 2 to 15% (by moles) tritriacontane with 1,1-defloration in the amount of from 98 to 85%; from 2 to 15% (by moles) tritriacontane with butane in an amount of from 98 to 85%; and any of the agents on this list plus up to 400 by weight of water.

Aerosol propellants.

Methods of discharging the composition from the container in aerosol form include ensuring that the mixture composition and aerosol propellant in the container and discharging the mixture from the container.

Subsequent nonflammable preferred mixture meets the requirements for aerosol propellants: from 2 to 15% (by moles) tritriacontane with one or more of chemical substances, selected from the group of propane, butane, isobutane, carbon dioxide in an amount of from 98 to 85%.

Fire extinguishing agents.

Methods of application of extinguishing agents in accordance with the invention include provision phase of the fire-extinguishing agent discharge device and discharge a quantity of fire extinguishing agent from the discharge device for contact with flammable or combustible material.

These preferred mixtures and pure pterygopalatine agents meet the requirements for efficient, clean extinguishing tolmetin, pentaborate and 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane; mixtures of CF3CF2CF2I with at least one chemical substance selected from the group of CF3CF2I, CH2FI, performante and perference; mixtures of CF3CF2CF2CF2I performancem; and net chlortrimeton.

The following examples show the effectiveness of agents that are listed as safe for the environment, non-flammable refrigerants, solvents, agents for razuki foam, propellants, and fire extinguishing agents.

EXAMPLE 1.

Home refrigerator removed the download CFC-12 from about 6 to 8 ounces (USD 170.1 to 226,8 g) and collected for recycling, disposal or destruction of environmentally friendly sound way.

Then the fridge downloaded from the sealed container through a closed-loop system is equivalent to the weight of the azeotropic mixture consisting of 10% (by moles) CF3I and 90% of CYCLOBUTANE. Through this process, protect the stratospheric ozone layer and reach agreement with the international and national regulations concerning the protection of the environment, without compromising the performance of the refrigerator, without the need for new equipment is Anna with Flammability or toxicity. If the download is ever accidentally give a leak, it will not exist the danger of Flammability, toxicity or depletion of the ozone layer, which is an additional benefit. Stability, low reactivity and high compatibility agents allow you to store and use them for many years. The presence of CF3I gives the ability to use existing grease based on mineral oil. No adverse reactions of new chemicals with residual CFC-12 does not occur.

EXAMPLE 2.

From large commercial refrigerator leaked CFC-12, which has collected and recycled, regenerated or destroyed safe for environmental sound way. The fridge was loaded with a mixture consisting of 10% (by moles) tritriacontane, 20% performative ether and 70% butane. The performance is almost identical when using CFC-12, you can use the same grease based on mineral oil, and no materials (e.g., gaskets, O-rings, tubing) should not be replaced because of incompatible materials.

EXAMPLE 3. Of the 200-ton centrifugal refrigeration machine leaked CFC-11 (OK:55 by moles). Refrigerating apparatus included in the network and resumed normal operations without loss of capacity or without increasing energy consumption and without sealant compositions.

EXAMPLE 4.

Installation for vapor degreasing containing CFC-113 or 1,1,1-trichloroethane, was subjected to drainage and chemical product sent for recycling, reclamation or destruction. Installation for degreasing vapor filled 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane, which was kept in the phlegm. Printed circuit Board having a through components and components located on the surface of the contaminated during production remains soft solder and other lubricants and waxes, was passed through this setup for vapor degreasing. The circuit Board is thoroughly cleaned, while not destroyed the stratospheric ozone layer and there was no risk of Flammability and toxicity.

EXAMPLE 5.

The example is similar to example 4, except that the agent intended to replace the installation for vapor degreasing, was 95% (by moles) octane with 5% traducator-1-iodohexane.

EXAMPLE 6.

The solvents used in the production conditions were obezzarazhivageli or destroyed safe for environmental sound way. Found that during production of the metal component on the surface of the contaminated lubricating oil having a viscosity of 350 Centistokes, and silicone grease having a viscosity of 250,000 Centistokes. Of the vessel intended for spraying, in a fume hood component washed 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-Nona-fluoro-1-iodobutane, wiped with a clean cloth and left to air dry.

After 15 minutes it was dry and the surface was clean and ready for further processing. This cleaning process will not exhaust the stratospheric ozone layer, it does not have problems associated with the risk of Flammability and toxicity for professionals engaged in the maintenance of the installation, or did not require excessive investments under the technical supervision.

EXAMPLE 7.

Gyro contaminated with hydraulic fluid MIL-H-5606, put in the installation of the ultrasonic cleaner filled traducator-1-iodohexane. By local release of cross-thrust removed volatilized vapors and a bath subjected to ultrasonic energy 2 W/cm2within 5 minutes. The gyro was removed, providing a drain, and implemented drying with hot air. Received very clean gyro carefully Packed and on the first perchlorethylene removed and recycled or destroyed in an environmentally sound environment way. These solvents are replaced by a mixture consisting of 5% (by moles) CF3(CF3)5I and 95% petroleum distillate consisting mainly of heptane and octane. New solvent was effective, non-flammable and less toxic than replaced solvents. In addition, it is less dangerous for the environment because it eliminates the risk of contamination of groundwater resistant varieties of perchloroethylene.

EXAMPLE 9

Alkyd enamel paint obtained using (instead of pure white spirits) a mixture consisting of 95% (by moles) of white spirits and 5% 1-iodophores. Adding pteridopsida made the composition non-flammable and safe to use.

EXAMPLE 10

Using (instead of 1,1,1-trichloroethane) a mixture consisting of 95% (by moles) of toluene and 5% 1-iodophores, got adhesive. By this replacement, the adhesive was non-flammable and less harmful to the environment.

EXAMPLE 11.

When used as an agent for razuki mixture consisting of 5% (by moles) of Pentafluoroethane and 95% pentane, padded with polyurethane foam. In contrast, foams, inflated using in the production process CFC-11, alkane, the foam turned out to be non-flammable. Eventually at the end of life, when the foam is eliminated, no harm to the stratospheric ozone layer was not observed.

EXAMPLE 12. Tin bottle with spray hair was sealed with a mixture consisting of 4% (by moles) CF3I and 96% butane and/or isobutane. Danger of ignition was not; even if the bottle of spray is accidentally spilled over an open flame, ignition would not occur. Drain the contents from the bottle without harming statosphere ozone layer.

EXAMPLE 13.

Bottle with sprayer for home disinfection was sealed with a mixture consisting of 4% of CF3I and 96% carbon dioxide. Due to the use as a propellant periodograms mix any danger of Flammability were eliminated.

EXAMPLE 14. A gas mixture consisting of 5% (by moles) CF3I, 1,12% of ethylene oxide and 83% of nitrogen, used to sterilize bandages, gauze compresses, and medical equipment. Due to add as an additional propellant CF3I danger of fire or explosion during the process has been corrected.

EXAMPLE 15.

From the system of fire protection to the significant modifications of the system (for example, changes in gaskets, O-rings and nozzles) put gas mixture consisting of 60% (by moles) CF3I and 40% of CF3CH2F. In case of fire the new agent quickly sprayed and extinguish the fire without harm to personnel or damage to equipment. As a result of emission extinguishing agent is ozone depletion did not occur.

EXAMPLE 16.

Halon 1211, 150-fontova wheeled fire extinguisher on the runway at the airport, was removed and sent for recycling or destruction. In its place, with minor modifications of the fire extinguisher (for example changes in gaskets, O-rings and nozzles), was placed a mixture consisting of 70% (by moles) 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane and 30% of perftorgeksan. In case of fire, the liquid agent by manual control sent in the form of a jet at the base of the flame and quickly extinguished the fire without harm to personnel or damage to equipment. As a result of emission extinguishing agent is ozone depletion did not occur.

EXAMPLE 17.

The cylinder containing approximately 1 pound (0,453 kg) CF3I sealed lead tube, installed under the hood of the vehicle. In case of fire was anatosaurus, quenching the fire and protecting the occupants of the vehicle and contents.

The preceding examples can be repeated with similar success by substitution in General or specifically described reactants and/or operating conditions of this invention, those agents and conditions that were used in the previous examples.

Although the invention is described in detail with particular reference to these preferred options, when using other options you can achieve the same results. For specialists in this field changes and modifications of the present invention are apparent and the attached claims intend to cover all such modifications and equivalents. A complete description of all references, applications, patents and publications described above are included here for reference.

1. Composition containing azeotropic or nearly azeotropic mixture of periodogram with at least one additive, for use as a refrigerant, solvent, agent for razuki foam, propellant, fire suppression or fire extinguishing agent, wherein the composition comprises a mixture of at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeR>
c, d and g are each between and including 0 and 1;

e is between and including 1 and 17;

f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

with at least one additive selected from the group consisting of esters, ethers, hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of butane, cyclopropane, decane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE, heptane, isobutane, limonene, 2-methylbutane, 3-methylhexane, 3-methylpentane, white spirits, nonane, octane, pentane, pinene, propane, of solvent Stoddard, turpentine (turpentine) and undecane, hydrofluorocarbons, selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, and 1,1,1-triptorelin, and perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE and tetradecapeptide, the mixture contains 20 to 75 mol.% periodogram and 25 to 80 mol.% additives, the composition is non-flammable and electrically non-conductive, periodogram has a global warming potential less than the global warming potential of chlorofluorocarbons.

3. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that the additive comprises a hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of butane, cyclopropane, decane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE, heptane, isobutane, limonene, 2-methylbutane, 3-methylhexane, 3-methylpentane, nonane, octane, pentane, pinene, propane, turpentine and undecane.

4. The composition according to p. 1, wherein the additive includes HFC selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, and 1,1,1-triptorelin.

5. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram contains CF3I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of deformity, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin, propane, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, butane and Pentafluoroethane.

6. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises differetn.

7. The composition according to p. 1, atricauda the group, consisting of butane and isobutane.

8. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of butane, diethyl ether and pentane.

9. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of acetone, methyl acetate and tetrahydrofuran.

10. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of heptane, white spirit and toluene.

11. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of nonane and octane.

12. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one of the components is

13. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises deformity.

14. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises pentaverate.

15. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1-trifluoroethane.

16. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram represents CF3I and the additive comprises propane.

17. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

18. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises butane.

19. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2I and the additive comprises butane or isobutane.

20. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2I and the additive comprises butane.

21. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2I and the additive comprises diethyl ether.

22. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that ftory the traveler azeotropic or nearly azeotropic mixture of periodogram with, at least one additive, for use as a refrigerant, solvent, agent for razuki foam, propellant, fire suppression or fire extinguishing agent, wherein the composition comprises a mixture of at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is between and including 1 and 3;

b is between and including 0 and 2;

c, d, and g each is between and including 0 and 1;

e is between and including 1 and 7;

f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

with at least one additive selected from the group consisting of alcohols selected from the group consisting of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, ethanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 2-methyl-2-propanol, 1-pentanol, 2-pentanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol, esters, ketones and perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE and tetradecapeptide, the mixture contains 5 to 75 mol.% periodogram and 25 to 95 mol.% additives, the composition is non-flammable and electrically non-conductive, periodogram has a global warming potential less, Cho Supplement includes alcohol, selected from the group consisting of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, ethanol, methanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 2-methyl-2-propanol, 1-pentanol, 2-pentanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol.

25. The composition according to p. 23, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2CF2I and the additive comprises at least one component selected from the group consisting of ethanol, butanol, 2-propanol and ethyl acetate.

26. The composition according to p. 23, characterized in that periodogram is administered in an amount of from 20 to 60 mol.%.

27. The composition according to p. 23, characterized in that periodogram is administered in an amount of from 30 to 75 mol.%.

28. The composition according to p. 1 or 23, characterized in that at least one periodogram selected from the group consisting of bromodiphenylmethane, Chlorodifluoromethane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-deceptor-1,5-diiodopentane, deporteymontana, dipteridaceae, 1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-dogcatcher-1.6-diiodohexane, floridamay, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexaplar-1,3-diiodopropane, 1-iodoheptafluoropropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, 1-iodophenethylamine, iodophenethylamine, 1-iodotrifluoromethane, 1-itondekanya, N-idobi (the 2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodoethane, 1,1,2-Cryptor-1-iodoethane and tritriacontane.

29. The composition according to p. 1 or 23, characterized in that the additive comprises an ester selected from the group consisting of ethyl acetate, ethylbutyrate, ethylpropylamine, n-butyl acetate, n-pistillata, vexillata, isobutylacetate, isopropylacetate, acetate, methylbutanoate, methylpropanoate, n-propyl and sec-butyl acetate.

30. The composition according to p. 1 or 23, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE and tetradecapeptide.

31. The composition according to p. 1 or 23, characterized in that the mixture has a zero potential depletion of the ozone layer.

32. The method of application of the refrigerant, comprising the stage of: a) providing the composition of the refrigerant in the cooling system and (b) the operation of a cooling system for cooling, characterized in that the composition of the refrigerant comprises a mixture of at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is between and including 1 and 8;
f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

with at least one additive selected from the group consisting of alcohols, ethers, perepelov, hydrocarbons, HFC and PFC, the mixture contains 20 to 75 mol.% periodogram and 25 to 80 mol. % additive, the composition is non-flammable and electrically non-conductive, periodogram has a global warming potential less than the global warming potential of chlorofluorocarbons.

33. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that at least one periodogram selected from the group consisting of: bromodiphenylmethane, Chlorodifluoromethane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-deceptor-1,5-diiodopentane, deporteymontana, dipteridaceae, 1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-dogcatcher-1.6-diiodohexane, floridamay, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexaplar-1,3-diiodopropane, 1-iodoheptafluoropropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, 1-iodophenethylamine, iodophenethylamine, 1-iodotrifluoromethane, 1-itondekanya, N-idobi(trifluoromethyl)Amin, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-acceptor-1,4-diiodobutane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodoethane is e, 30 mol.% periodogram.

35. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram is CF3I.

36. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises deformity.

37. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises pentaverate.

38. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises propane.

39. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1-differetn.

40. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises butane.

41. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1-trifluoroethane.

42. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

43. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2I and the additive comprises isobutane.

44. The method according to p. 32 or 33, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2I and the additive comprises butane.

45. the WHC includes acetone.

46. The method according to p. 32 or 33, characterized in that the additive comprises an alcohol selected from the group consisting of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, ethanol, methanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 2-methyl-2-propanol, 1-pentanol, 2-pentanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol.

47. The method according to p. 32 or 33, wherein the additive includes a simple ether selected from the group consisting of diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, dimethyl ether, di-n-butyl, di-n-propyl ether, 1,4-dioxane, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and tetrahydrofuran.

48. The method according to p. 32 or 33, wherein the additive includes Ftorafur selected from the group consisting of biodiversitymodule ether, geksaftortantalatom ether, HEXAFLUOROACETONE, methyltrichlorosilane ether, octafluorotoluene, acceptor-1,3-dioxolane, pentaftalevogo ether, 1,1,2', 2', 2'-pentaftorosilikata ether and 1-triptoreline-1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

49. The method according to p. 32 or 33, characterized in that the additive comprises a hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of butane, cyclopropane, 2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE, hexane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, 3-methylpentane, pentane and propane.

50. The method according to p. 32 or 33, wherein the additive includes galatarasay, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin and triptorelin.

51. The method according to p. 32 or 33, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE, tetradecapeptide and TETRAFLUOROMETHANE.

52. The method according to p. 32, characterized in that the mixture has a zero potential depletion of the ozone layer.

53. The method of applying solvent to clean the surface of the product, including provision phase of solvent applicator, and applying the solvent from the applicator to the surface of the product, wherein the solvent comprises a mixture of at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is between and including 1 and 8;

b is between and including 0 and 2;

c, d and g are each between and including 0 and 1;

e is between and including 1 and 17;

f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

with at least one additive selected from the group consisting of alcohols, esters, ethers, perepelov, hydrocarbons, g which is non-flammable and electrically non-conductive, periodogram has a global warming potential less than the global warming potential of chlorofluorocarbons, provided that when a is 1 and the additive is an alcohol, periodogram selected from the group consisting of floridaman, dipteridaceae, deporteymontana, bromodifluoromethane and Chlorodifluoromethane, the solvent removes impurities from the surface.

54. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that periodogram and additive form an azeotrope or have essentially equal to the boiling point.

55. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram represents CF3(CF2)2I, CF3(CF2)3I, CF3(CF2)4I, CF3(CF2)5I.

56. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram selected from the group: bromodiphenylmethane, Chlorodifluoromethane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-deceptor-1,5-diiodopentane, defenietly, dipteridaceae, 1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-dogcatcher-1,6-diiodohexane, periodontal, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexaplar-1,3-diiodopropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, 1-iodoperfluoroheptane, iodophenethylamine the Academy of Sciences, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-acceptor-1,4-diiodobutane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodoethane, 1,1,2-Cryptor-1-iodoethane, cryptarithmetic.

57. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that the additive comprises an alcohol selected from the group consisting of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, ethanol, methanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 2-methyl-2-propanol, 1-pentanol, 2-pentanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol.

58. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that the additive comprises an ester selected from the group consisting of: ethyl acetate, vexillata, n-pistillata, isopropylacetate and acetate.

59. The method according to p. 53 or 54, wherein the additive includes a simple ether selected from the group consisting of diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, dimethyl ether, di-n-butyl, di-n-propyl ether, 1,4-dioxane, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and tetrahydrofuran.

60. The method according to p. 53 or 54, wherein the additive includes Ftorafur selected from the group consisting of biodiversitymodule ether, geksaftortantalatom ether, HEXAFLUOROACETONE, methyltrichlorosilane ether, octafluorotoluene, acceptor-1,3-dioxolane, pentaftalevogo ether, 1,1,2', 2', 2'-Pentafluoroethane is and includes hydrocarbon, selected from the group consisting of decane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE, heptane, hexane, butane, naphtha, 2-methylbutane, 3-methylhexane, 3-methylpentane, white spirits, naphtha, nonane, octane, pentane, petroleum ether, varnish, gasoline, pinene, propane, of solvent Stoddard, turpentine and undecane.

62. The method according to p. 53 or 54, wherein the additive includes HFC selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin and triptorelin.

63. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that the additive comprises a ketone selected from the group consisting of acetone, 2-butanone and 3-methyl-2-butanone.

64. The method according to p. 53 or 54, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE, tetradecapeptide and TETRAFLUOROMETHANE.

65. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2I and the additive comprises diethyl ether.

66. Spascenter.

67. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)3I and the additive comprises acetone.

68. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)3I and the additive comprises methyl acetate.

69. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)3I and the additive comprises methanol.

70. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)3I and the additive comprises tetrahydrofuran.

71. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)3I and the additive comprises hexane.

72. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises naphtha.

73. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises ethanol.

74. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises butanone.

75. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises >4I and the additive comprises ethyl acetate.

77. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises isopropylacetate.

78. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)4I and the additive comprises heptane.

79. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)5I and the additive comprises heptane.

80. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)5I and the additive comprises toluene.

81. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)7I and the additive comprises lemon.

82. The method according to p. 53 or 54, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3(CF2)7I and the additive comprises exilerated.

83. The method according to p. 53, characterized in that the mixture has a zero potential depletion of the ozone layer.

84. The method of applying the agent to razuki foam, comprising the stage of: a) injection agent for razuki foam in the monomer; (b) providing a polymerization monomer; (c) providing on the merits of the evaporation agent, and (d) othere one pteridopsida and 25 95 mol.% supplements, periodogram has a General formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is between and including 1 and 8;

b is between and including 0 and 2;

c, d, g are each between and including 0 and 1;

e is between and including 1 and 17;

f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

and an additive selected from the group consisting of ethers, perepelov, hydrocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, ketones and perfluorocarbons.

85. The method according to p. 84, characterized in that periodogram selected from the group: bromodiphenylmethane, Chlorodifluoromethane, defenietly, dipteridaceae, periodontal, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, iodophenethylamine, N-idobi(trifluoromethyl)amine, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodoethane, 1,1,2-Cryptor-1-iodoethane, cryptarithmetic.

86. The method according to p. 84, characterized in that the additive comprises pentane and periodogram selected from the group consisting of CF3I, CF3CF2I and CF3CF2CF2I.

87. The method according to p. 84, characterized in that a simple ether and n-propyl ether, 1,4-dioxane, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and tetrahydrofuran.

88. The method according to p. 84, wherein the additive includes Ftorafur selected from the group consisting of biodiversitymodule ether, geksaftortantalatom ether, HEXAFLUOROACETONE, methyltrichlorosilane ether, octafluorotoluene, acceptor-1,3-dioxolane, pentaftalevogo ether, 1,1,2', 2', 2'-pentaftorosilikata ether and 1-triptoreline-1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

89. The method according to p. 84, wherein the additive comprises a hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of butane, cyclopropane, 2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE, hexane, butane, naphtha, 2-methylbutane, 3-methylpentane, pentane, petroleum ether and propane.

90. The method according to p. 84, wherein the additive includes HFC selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin and triptorelin.

91. The method according to p. 84, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE and face the n to be unloaded, in the container; b) loading the container with propellant and (c) discharging the contents from the container, wherein the propellant comprises a mixture of 5 to 75 mol.% at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is between and including 1 and 8;

b is between and including 0 and 2;

c, d, g are each between and including 0 and 1;

e is between and including 1 and 17;

f is between and including 1 and 2;

h = 0,

and 25 to 95 mol.% at least one additive selected from the group consisting of ethers, perepelov, hydrocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and carbon dioxide.

93. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that the load phase of the propellant container includes uploading at least one periodogram selected from the group: bromodiphenylmethane, Chlorodifluoromethane, defenietly, dipteridaceae, periodontal, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, iodoheptafluoropropane, iodophenethylamine, 1-iodotrifluoromethane, 1-odontocetes, N-idobi(trifluoromethyl)amine, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1 iodata the tsya non-flammable.

95. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that the propellant contains CF3I or CF3CF2I and propane, butane or isobutane.

96. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes the provision of CF3I and the additive comprises deformity.

97. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1-trifluoroethane.

98. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises propane.

99. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1-differetn.

100. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises butane.

101. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2I and the additive comprises butane.

102. The method according to p. 92, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2I and the additive comprises isobutane.

103. The method according to p. 92, wherein the additive includes a simple ether selected from the group consisting of diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, dimethyl ether, di-n-butyl, di-n-propyl ether, 1,4-dioxane, ethylenoxide, selected from the group consisting of biodiversitymodule ether, geksaftortantalatom ether, HEXAFLUOROACETONE, methyltrichlorosilane ether, octafluorotoluene, acceptor-1,3-dioxolane, pentaftalevogo ether, 1,1,2', 2', 2'-pentaftorosilikata ether and 1-triptoreline-1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

105. The method according to p. 92, wherein the additive comprises a hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of butane, cyclopropane, isobutane, pentane and propane.

106. The method according to p. 92, wherein the additive includes HFC selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin and triptorelin.

107. The method according to p. 92, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE and TETRAFLUOROMETHANE.

108. The method according to p. 92, wherein the additive includes carbon dioxide.

109. The method of application of extinguishing agent, comprising the stage of: (a) the provision of fire extinguishing agent into the discharge device and (b) unloading the decomposing those that the fire extinguishing agent comprises a mixture of 5 to 75 mol.%, at least one pteridopsida formula

CaHbBrcCldFeIfNgOh,

where a is from 1 to 8;

b is 0 to 2;

c, d = 0;

g is between and including 0 and 1;

e is from 1 to 17;

f is from 1 to 2;

h = 0,

and 25 to 95 mol.%, at least one additive selected from the group consisting of hydrofluorocarbons, selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin and 1,1,2-triptorelin, perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE, tetradecapeptide and foreverhow.

110. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram selected from the group consisting of 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-deceptor-1,5-diiodopentane, deporteymontana, dipteridaceae, 1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-dogcatcher-1.6-diiodohexane, floridamay, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-2-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptathlon-1-iodopropane, 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexaplar-1,3-diiodopropane, 1-iodoheptafluoropropane, 1-itondekanya, N-idobi(trifluoromethyl)amine, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nomatter-1-iodobutane, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-acceptor-1,4-diiodobutane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodoethane, 1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodoethane, 1,1,2-Cryptor-1-iodoethane, tritriacontane.

111. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises triptorelin.

112. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises deformity.

113. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises pentaverate.

114. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane.

115. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1,1-trifluoroethane.

116. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises 1,1-differetn.

117. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3I and the additive comprises performathon.

118. The method according to p. 109, characterized in that periodogram includes CF3CF2CF2I and Rupert, selected from the group consisting of deformity, 1,1-diflorasone, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, Pentafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1-triptorelin, 1,1,2-triptorelin and triptorelin.

120. The method according to p. 109, wherein the additive includes perfluorocarbons selected from the group consisting of deceptibot, dodecahedrane, hexabenzocoronene, freon, OCTAFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE, OCTAFLUOROPROPANE, tetradecapeptide and TETRAFLUOROMETHANE.

121. The method according to p. 109, wherein the additive includes Ftorafur selected from the group consisting of biodiversitymodule ether, methyltrichlorosilane ether, acceptor-1,3-dioxolane, 1,1,2',2',2'-pentaftorosilikata ether, perftordekalina, performative ether, performancecan, differentinformation ether, triftormetilfullerenov ether and trifluoromethyl-1,1,2,2-tetrafluorethylene ether.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to cleaning solvents that are used as substitutes chlorophenolate and chlorinated solvents

The invention relates to new chlorophenolicum azeotropic or azeotropically mixtures which can be used as alternatives to chlorofluorocarbons, and have excellent properties as solvents, etc

The invention relates to a degreasing tool based chloropropanol

The invention relates to refrigeration, and in particular to agents working for refrigerating machines, and can be used in domestic, commercial and industrial refrigerators, air conditioners and t

The invention relates to mixed refrigerants used in domestic, commercial and industrial equipment

Binary composition // 2121488

The invention relates to the mixed gaseous refrigerant for use as a substitute harperperennial refrigerants and cooling method

The invention relates to a composition refrigerants used for retrofit of domestic and commercial refrigeration equipment, providing the temperature of the cooling to - 20oC and designed for R12 refrigerant in combination with mineral oil HF 12 - 16 or for refrigerant R134a in combination with polyester oil HFS 134

The invention relates to the composition of the refrigerant used in domestic, commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment

The invention relates to the composition of the working mixture for refrigeration systems (RS) and heat pumps (HS), designed to work on freon R12, the production of which is prohibited in accordance with international agreements because of its ozone-depleting actions

The invention relates to a technology for environmentally friendly hydrocarbon gases, propellants,

The invention relates to aerosol compositions, in particular to the propellants for aerosol packages used in household chemicals
Up!