The power plant vesingerieva

 

(57) Abstract:

The power plant is designed DPJ drive various vehicles mainly in the energy, agriculture and water transport. The system includes a hollow body with a smooth or toothed rims with internal gearing, the output shaft and the flywheel with smooth or serrated tails of his shaft. The plant is equipped with a motor which drives the body into rotation. The flywheel is installed with the possibility of free rotation and transmission of torque through a gear or belt drive to the output shaft, and the latter is located in the hollow axis of the housing. The neck of the flywheel shaft is equipped with wear-resistant smooth or toothed rollers or rings. Crowns installed in the housing by elastic strips. The invention provides increased efficiency. 9 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used as a power unit to drive a variety of cars mainly in the energy, agriculture and water transport.

Known inertial drive that contains installed in the vacuum housing flywheel output shaft seal and connecting the clutch.

discharge; amassed-he gave, that in almost all cases, its use is not effective.

Known crank press, containing a frame, a drive wheel, a crank mechanism for transmitting motion from the flywheel to the working body, such as the stamp.

/N. Century Gulia, "Flywheel motors, Moscow, Mashinostroyeniye, page 71, Fig. 45, 1976/ [2]

The disadvantage of this device is also relatively slow accumulation of kinetic energy in the flywheel and the subsequent very short working process, where both spent the stored energy.

Closest to the present invention is an inertial battery, capable of transmitting the rotation of the flywheel from the sealed chamber through rotation of the camera that contains the camera on two axes, the ends of the two fixed smooth crown or two of the ring gear with internal toothing and the crowns of their respective tails of the shaft, eccentric to the axis of rotation of the camera placed flywheel. /N.In. Gulia, "energy storage", pages 84-85, 1980, Moscow, "Nauka/. [3]

The disadvantage of this device is that the torque transmitted in such a device, small, and all construction is bulky and complex, and most importantly the device is Skye task, solved by the invention is the creation of a permanent flywheel power unit to drive a variety of cars with simultaneous simplification of the structure.

The problem is solved in that the power plant Vesingerieva made in the form of open to the atmosphere or sealed, air is pumped through the channel axis, the hollow body of cylindrical or disk-like shape, is manufactured by welding of blanks from sheet steel and with the possibility of rotation from the drive, their axes mounted on bearings, for example, with rolling bodies. And provided attached to the ends: Rethimno bolts or Rethimno bolt-on with elastic, dynamic softening the blows of a rubber gasket that is pressed by a faceplate, which allows regulated their installation and replacement during repairs or fixed narashima, for example by welding, smooth crowns or tooth crowns with internal toothing, which is made of durable steel. For fast installations crowns made with grooves on their inner side and rolling bodies, for example balls, arranged in the grooves, and from falling out fixed rolling.

Rollers or rings necks aliceson shell with Windows for the necks of the flywheel shaft, holding it in the lower eccentric position relative to the crowns. The flywheel is made of any suitable material, since it at work does not have a large angular velocity, for example from steel, hard landing planted on the shaft of gross steel. Cervical shaft provided with a smooth or toothed rollers or rings of high strength steel such as bearing, which in this case are removable and replaceable for repairs. In order for the flywheel had the opportunity to gain or to give more kinetic energy it supplied overrunning clutch, ratchet or rolling elements, is mounted on the shaft on bearings. The flywheel under its own weight tails of his shaft freely rolling on the rims of the housing. The transmission of the torque from the shaft of the flywheel on the output shaft is made gear pair or a belt transmission ratio of the gear ratio of one to one or with any other gear needed by the consumer. Output shaft installation is made in the hollow axis of the housing, where installed on the bearings, for example ball. When performing camera installation sealed, outside the housing to the output shaft install the seal, such as rubber seals, as between rived casing installation in rotation produce a constant transmission of the torque from any kind of engine, for example from the internal combustion engine at its rim. Moreover, the transmission of torque made by any known method, such as a belt transmission, a friction roller or gear pair. While leading link, such as a pulley, made with overrunning clutch, ratchet or rolling bodies, in order to avoid abrupt stop of rotation of the body, such as breakage of a drive motor. Simplicity of design, reliability and high efficiency will make the plant is widely used.

The essence of the invention shown in the drawing, where Fig. 1 given section of the installation axis of rotation; Fig. 2 - diagram of the drive and the view along arrow A in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - the type of the shell of the crown; Fig. 4 - section G-G in Fig. 3.

An example of implementation of the proposed solution.

The power plant Vesingerieva, contains open or sealed enclosure 1 /Fig. 1/ cylindrical or disk-like form mounted on the axis 2 with the bearing 3 and channel 4 for pumping air from the chamber 5, and the hollow axis 6 with the bearing 7, which has an output shaft 8 bearing 9, and the seal 10 with atmospheric hole 11. On the ends of the housing fixed smooth crowns, or sprockets 12, the n region 15 of the crown slightly padalovina. Fixed crowns to the ends of the housing: rigid - welding, Rethimno bolts or elastic strip 16, and pressed the face plate 17 by bolts 18 to a slightly raised in the latter case, the wall of the housing that allows us to expose the crown level and plumb. The flywheel 19 hard landing planted on the shaft 20 or seated on the shaft on the bearings /not shown/, and connected with the shaft through the overrunning clutch /not shown/.

The neck of the flywheel shaft is equipped with wear-resistant smooth or toothed replaced when repairs rollers 21 or rings 22 with the slots 23, which flywheel for free under its own weight rolling relies on the crowns. To the flywheel normally hold the lower eccentric position crowns fitted with shells 24 /Fig. 3 and 4/ with Windows 25 for the necks of the flywheel shaft. The transmission of the torque from the flywheel to the output shaft is made gear pair or a belt transmission, where the leading gear 26, led 27 /Fig. 1/. The actuator body in rotation is made constant transmission of the torque from the engine 28 /Fig. 2/, for example by a belt 29 of the rim 30, with the driving pulley 31 provided with overrunning clutch /not shown/. Installation may result in a rotation of various machines, such as the generator 32, p the way.

To start the installation, for example working as a drive for the generator 32, start the engine 28, the torque which through its pulley 31, for example a belt 29 passing on an ongoing basis, is transmitted to the rim 30 of the housing 1, whose axes 2 and 6 rotates in bearings 7 and 3, for example with an angular speed of 5 rpm rotation of the housing 1 through the interaction of the crowns 12 with the shaft 20 is transmitted to the flywheel 19, which under the action of gravity tends to remain at rest in the bottom position, and rotating the crowns 12 constantly reject him from the lower position in the direction of its rotation. As a result, the flywheel 19 under its own weight, constantly sliding, rolling on the rims 12 rotating together with the estimated angular velocity, for example, 1500 rpm, required for operation of the generator 32.

The moment of rotation of the flywheel 19, for example gear is transmitted to the output shaft 8, then the coupling 33 to the generator 32. When the flywheel 19, provided with overrunning clutch may rotate at a higher angular velocity than the shaft 20, reducing energy costs of the engine 28 to the actuator housing 1. With the same result setup works when it crowns 12 in the grooves 13 provided with rolling elements 14. Shell 24 while retaining the flywheel 19 from chrism the scarfing on channel 4 in the axis 2. The air leaking into the chamber 5 through a seal 10 of the output shaft 8, is offset by the atmospheric hole 11. When you wear crowns 12, rollers 21, the rings 22 and they can be easily replaced for repair installation. To stop the installation, switch off the engine 28, the overrunning clutch on the drive pulley 31 /not shown/ will work and will give the opportunity of building 1 is installed to rotate until exhausted accumulated flywheel 19 energy, then stop until the next start.

The main advantage of the proposed facility in that it has high efficiency, work continuously without periodic, as in analogue /3/, the charging of the flywheel 19. Will be widely used for driving various machines.

1. Power installation comprising a hollow body mounted rotatably on bearings and is provided attached to the ends smooth crowns or tooth crowns with internal gearing, the output shaft and located on the shaft in the housing eccentric to the axis of rotation of the shell flywheel with smooth or serrated tails of his shaft, characterized in that it is provided with a motor with a drive capability of the body in rotation and the transmission of the torque from a drive motor to the rim body, the flywheel at the m and capable of transmitting torque to the output shaft through a toothed gear or belt transmission, moreover, the output shaft is located in the hollow axis of the housing.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that neck of the flywheel shaft is equipped with wear-resistant smooth or toothed rollers or rings.

3. Installation on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the crowns of the casing and rollers or rings of the flywheel shaft are removable.

4. Installation on PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the body cavity is airtight with the possibility of pumping the air out through the channel in the body axis.

5. Installation on PP.1 to 4, characterized in that the flywheel is equipped with overrunning clutch and mounted on the shaft on bearings.

6. Installation on PP.1 to 5, characterized in that the crowns installed in the housing by elastic strips.

7. Installation on PP.1 - 6, characterized in that the crowns of the case is made with grooves on the inner side and placed the rolling body and smooth rollers or rings of the shaft of the flywheel is made with snap ring grooves.

8. Installation on PP.1 to 7, characterized in that the crowns of the housing is fitted with a shell, with Windows for the necks of the flywheel shaft.

9. Installation on PP.1 to 8, characterized in that the actuator housing during the rotation performed with overrunning clutch.

10. Installation prenium and bearing made naturally hole.

 

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FIELD: power engineering; buffer energy accumulators; transport systems, emergency power supply units, wind-power and solar stations.

SUBSTANCE: proposed accumulator has flywheel and drive with supports located in evacuated chambers having different levels of vacuum and separated from each other; evacuated chambers are filled with rarefied gas; electric drive is located in one of them at low level of vacuum; flywheel is located in other chamber at increased level of vacuum of 0.1 to 0.01 Pa; turbo-molecular pump mounted on flywheel shaft is used for maintenance of increased vacuum in chamber by pumping the gas from this chamber to chamber of drive. At least one chamber is used for drives and supports which is separated from flywheel chamber by seals; they are hermetic during working rotational speeds of flywheel.

EFFECT: low aerodynamic losses in flywheel chamber; enhanced cooling efficiency without availability separate cooling systems.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: gravitational engines and energy sources with flywheels.

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EFFECT: reduced requirements of flywheel material.

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