Electric incandescent lamp with two bodies glow
(57) Abstract:The inventive electric incandescent lamp with two bodies glow relates to techniques for electric lighting domestic and industrial purposes, as well as other techniques, including the operation of electric incandescent lamps. In the lamp cap applied to the contact device, consisting of a removable contact electrode in the form of a thin metal cap covering the inner part of the end surface and the side surface of the stationary contact impedance of the electrode cap and electrically connected to the end of the first body glow, a stationary contact impedance of the electrode cap, having a form of simplified metal cylinder that is installed in the insulating mastic cap and standard way connected with the end of the second body heat, the tape guide extending from the perimeter portion of the removable contact electrode, passing into the inner volume of the cap through the insulating mastic through the gap between the cylinder stationary impedance of the electrode and sleeve and electrically connecting the removable contact electrode with the end of the first t is Alenia it after the failure of the first body heat from the fixed impedance of the electrode and subsequent separation from the cap by breaking the tape conductor to release the contact surface of the stationary impedance of the electrode and re-operation of the lamp through the use of the second body heat. The technical result is to increase service life and reliability of the lamp. 1 Il. The invention relates to devices electrical lighting using incandescent lamps.The predominant use of these inventions - electrical lighting for household and industrial purposes, electric lighting, open spaces, maintenance of the device containing the electric incandescent lamp.As a prototype of the proposed device, the applicants choose "Electric incandescent lamp with two filaments" , which includes a contact device consisting of a fortified in isolating the mass of the base ring connected to one end of the filament, and the cylinder is isolated from the named ring attached to the end of the other filament and having an axial channel for the insertion of a single plug-in contact, provided with an insulating washer. Both filaments have a common point, which conductor is connected to a metal sleeve cap.Common to these prototype and the proposed device the essential feature is the presence of a second body heat in El the rotation of the lamp in still nominal mode.Critic named prototype is as follows.1. Standard stationary impedance electrode cap is replaced by a ring, resulting in a Central part of its surface area is removed, which significantly reduces the area of contact with the Central contact of a standard electric socket and leads to unreliable transmission of an electrical voltage to the first filament.2. For transmission of an electrical voltage to the second filament inside the ring features an extra cylinder that require to strengthen and even additional insulating mass plinth.3. The voltage on the cylinder is fed through a socket connection using the optional plug-in contact, i.e. the contact device prototype contains additional plug connection, which significantly reduces in turn the reliability of the transfer voltage with the Central electrical contact of the cartridge and the second filament.The last circumstance in the standard sizes of base incandescent mass use is exacerbated by the small diameter of the above mentioned cylinder with standard nominal is soedineniya.These shortcomings of the prototype annul economic and practical feasibility of its use for mass production and operation.The purpose of the invention is to create an incandescent lamp with two bodies glow with increased reliability and extended service life through the use of the base contact device, which increases the reliability of the transmission voltage to body heat, the bypass body heat when abrupt changes in the electrical voltage of the lamp and having a simple construction and a simple production technology. While the incandescent lamp should use the standard design electric cartridge and standard ways of switching and eyeliner electric voltage to the electric socket and at the same time to possess the least complicated methods of operation of the lamp by the user.The device proposed incandescent lamps and distinctive in relation to the above prototype signs illustrated in the drawing and are that:
the lamp base includes a contact device consisting of
removable contact electrode 1 in the form of a thin-walled metal cap kontaktnogo impedance of the electrode cap and electrically connected to the end of the first body glow 2,
stationary contact impedance of the electrode 3 with the appearance of a flattened metal cylinder that is installed in the insulating mastic cap and standard way connected with the end of the second body, the filament 4,
a thin dielectric layer 5 deposited on the inner part of the surface of the removable electrode 1 and electrically isolated by the operating frequency, the removable electrode 1 from the fixed impedance of the electrode 3,
tape conductor 6 extending from the perimeter portion of the removable contact electrode 1, which is held in the internal volume of the cap through the gap between the cylinder 3 and the sleeve 7 through the insulating mastic cap and electrically connecting with the optional Explorer 8 and additional current-carrying electrode holder 9 removable contact electrode 1 with the end of body heat 2, without the use of plug connections and without modification of the standard stationary impedance of the electrode 3,
contact area as a removable contact electrode 1 and the fixed impedance of the electrode 3 presents a continuous flat surfaces of the end portions of these electrodes, the geometric centers of which are aligned axially with the axis is ansem electrode 3 provides a simple mechanical removal it after the failure of the body of the filament 2, the impedance of the electrode 3 and the subsequent separation from the base by mechanical rupture of the tape conductor 6, to release the contact surface of the electrode 3 and the repeated operation of the lamp through the use of body heat 4,
removable contact electrode 1, a stationary impedance electrode 3 and the separating dielectric layer 5 are, at the same time, face the capacitor, resulting in the electric circuit of the lamp presents body heat 2 shunted by these capacitor body, the filament 4, therefore, during operation of the body glow 2 the body of the filament 4 is not idle, and is used on a new functional purpose as a bypass for high frequency components of current at the abrupt change of the instantaneous values of voltage on the lamp, resulting in moments of switching this voltage using standard switches, increasing the life of the body glow 2, if any, specified beforehand, the qualities of this body heat.The drawing shows a variant of the incandescent lamp, in which the bodies of heat is the most common variant tel heat in the form of helical threads. Before the implementation bodies glow, in particular, any of their form and structure, as well as any other mounting systems, depending on the target destination or mode of operation of the incandescent lamp.The action and method of using the proposed incandescent clear from the description of the device of this lamp.The economic efficiency of the proposed invention it is not possible to quantify. Applicants can only say that the content of economic efficiency, which is that the reliability and simplicity of design proposed bulbs provide economic and practical feasibility of using in one cylinder lamp two bodies intensity, that is, provide the opportunity twice to increase the service life of incandescent mass use, resulting in savings of both material and labor costs of production of electric light bulbs in meeting the needs of electric lighting.Increase service life of incandescent lamps leads and increase their social efficiency, which is expressed, in particular, the increase in operating comfort for the user.Information about the conducted and does not provide in connection with the that as the applicant for the grant of a patent are the authors themselves, and the invention they created solely as a personal initiative, without regard to any organization or enterprise, including the enterprises and organizations of applicants engaged in paid employment or service activities, not pursuant to employment or service contract or job, or any other relations, and the inventive activity of the applicants were not paid for as such. The proposed invention does not relate to the profile of activity of enterprises and organizations of applicants conduct their paid employment.Literature
1. Patent USSR 12050 N, CL H 01 K 1/24, 1929. Electric incandescent lamp with two bodies tension, which is an incandescent lamp with two bodies glow and with a cap containing a contact device consisting of a removable contact electrode electrically connected to the end of the first body glow, a stationary contact impedance of the electrode installed in the insulating mastic cap and standard way connected with the end of the second body heat, characterized in that the removable container surface frontal and lateral side surface of the stationary contact impedance of the electrode cap, stationary contact impedance of the electrode cap has the form of a flattened metal cylinder on the inner part of the surface of the removable contact electrode deposited dielectric layer, providing electrical isolation at the operating frequency of the electrode from the fixed impedance of the electrode cap, the contact device has a tape guide extending from the perimeter portion of the removable contact electrode passing into the inner volume of the cap through the gap between the cylinder stationary impedance of the electrode and sleeve cap through the insulating mastic cap and electrically connecting with additional conductor and the additional conductor electrode holder body heat removable contact electrode with the end of the first body heat, the contact area as a removable contact electrode, as well as the fixed impedance of the electrode is represented by a solid flat surfaces of the ends of these electrodes, the removable fastening of the contact on the stationary electrode impedance electrode cap provides a simple mechanical removal after the failure of the first body heat from the fixed impedance of the electrode is intaktnoi stationary surface impedance of the electrode and ensure the re-operation of the lamp through the use of the second body glow, removable contact electrode, the stationary impedance electrode and separating dielectric layer are simultaneously face the capacitor, resulting in the electric circuit of the lamp is represented by the first body heat, shunted by these second capacitor body heat, so during the operation of the first body of the second heat body heat is used as a bypass for high frequency components of current at the abrupt change of the instantaneous values of voltage on the lamp, resulting in moments of switching this voltage using standard switches.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device additionally has force filter, consisting of throttle, connected serially to triac, and capacitor. Capacitor is connected to triac in parallel, and emission receiver contains serially connected receiver of radio pulses with antenna and pulse amplifier.
EFFECT: higher reliability, higher quality.
FIELD: physics, lighting technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns lighting technology, particularly illumination. Method of light effect setup involves replacement of rigid links between light emitters in garland mesh by "flexible" link over key elements to allow creation of virtual garlands. Then virtual garland patterns are selected. In the obtained garlands light emitter element combinations are formed. Garland flashing frequency is selected within 0.5÷20 Hz range. Light effect setup device includes power source, controller and mesh formed by light emitter garlands. Key elements are installed between light emitters to form matrix, e.g. diode matrix. Matrix is controlled over a controller.
EFFECT: extended functional capacity of illumination due to additional light effect setup using light emitters on the base of controllers.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device includes two outputs, voltage divider, the first capacitor, bidirectional thyristor, resistor, the second and the third capacitors, microcontroller, diode, stabilitron, the fourth capacitor, and four resistors.
EFFECT: improving operating reliability and operation convenience of illumination intensity adjustment device.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The device for determination of the brightness control phase angle set by operating the brightness control for the solid-state lighting load, comprises a processor with digital input, first diode, connected between the digital input and voltage source, and a second diode, connected between the digital input and earth. The device also comprises first capacitor, connected between the digital input and determination node, second capacitor, connected between a the determination node and earth, and resistance, connected between the determination node and node of rectified voltage, which accepts rectified voltage from the brightness control. The processor is made with a possibility of discretising digital impulses at digital input on the basis of rectified voltage and identifying a phase angle of the brightness control on the basis of lengths of discretised digital impulses.
EFFECT: improvement of precision of regulation of luminosity of solid-state lighting load.
9 cl, 17 dwg