Underwater hydroelectric

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to hydropower. Hydroelectric has installed in the water flow and is divided into compartments housing with input confuser. Inside are consistently located the hydraulic actuator, is made in the form of a bladed turbine with horizontal shaft on bearings and generator, the rotor of which two coupling halves is connected to the shaft of the hydraulic drive. The generator is placed in a sealed compartment of the housing. On the input confuser installed protective net. Compartment housing with the hydraulic actuator has a longitudinal output window and the reflector internal flow of water, made in the form of a truncated cone and is hermetically connected with a cylindrical shell, inside of which is mounted a horizontal shaft turbine bearings. The shaft has a mechanical seal, hermetically United with the cylindrical shell. The tail section of the body is sealed in the form of a truncated cone and is mounted on a lower base sealed waterproof connector with cable. The invention allows to simplify the design of underwater hydroelectric power plants and to increase the tightness of its nodes. 11 C.p. f-crystals, 18 ill.

Famous underwater hydroelectric power plant, comprising a housing, an input confuser, a turbine generator, output cone, provided with blades, and means mounting station to the bottom of the reservoir, while the confuser made a spiral, the input section has a rectangular shape, and the output cone provided with curved blades that are curved in the direction opposite the direction of twist confuser (see the description of the invention to author's certificate N 1737149, IPC F 03 B 13/10, publication 30.05.92 year).

The disadvantage of hydroelectric power is the complexity of its construction.

Famous underwater hydroelectric containing associated with the bottom of the hermetic casing, a cylindrical compartment has an electric generator, and the rotor is connected to the hydraulic drive, made in the form of turbine blades mounted on the hub, with power supplied by a compressed gas cylinders, equipment automatic monitoring and control over the operation and mechanism of the reversal of the blades, which are fixed on the hub of the hinge can rotate from horizontal to vertical position under one of the halves of the body, the latter is in the form of an inverted what I ballast water, the stator of the generator is made around the entire circumference of its compartment. In addition, the connection of the housing with a bottom made by a hinge attached to struts.

In addition, the connection of the housing with a bottom made through the chain to the anchor.

In addition, the mechanism of the reversal of the blades is placed in the hub.

In addition, the mechanism of the reversal of the blades made in the form of a guide that is installed below the housing half, where the blades are arranged horizontally, while each blade is made with a hollow compartment in the top and filled with ballast at the bottom (see the description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation N 2070987, IPC F 03 B 13/00, publication 27.12.96 year).

The disadvantage of hydroelectric power is the complexity of its construction.

Famous underwater hydroelectric containing specified in the flow of water, divided into compartments housing with input confuser, the output of which inside are consistently hydraulic drive, made in the form of bladed turbine with horizontal shaft on bearings and generator, the rotor of which two coupling halves is connected to the shaft of the hydraulic drive, the generator is placed in hermetico sealed compartment, with the help of multiple edges connected to the outer wall of the housing (see the description of the invention to the author's certificate of the USSR N 436382, IPC F 03 B 13/10, publication 15.07.74 year).

The disadvantage of hydroelectric power are the complexity of its design and lack of integrity.

The problem to which this invention is directed, is to simplify the construction and increase the tightness of the sites of hydroelectric power.

The invention consists in that in the underwater hydropower, installed in the containing flow of water, divided into compartments housing with input confuser, the output of which inside are consistently hydraulic drive, made in the form of bladed turbine with horizontal shaft on bearings and generator, the rotor of which two coupling halves is connected to the shaft of the hydraulic drive, the generator is placed in a sealed compartment of the housing, the input confuser installed protective net compartment housing with the hydraulic actuator has a longitudinal output window and the reflector internal water flow, made in the form of a truncated cone and is hermetically connected with a cylindrical shell, inside of which set the tion with the cylindrical shell, the tail section of the body is sealed in the form of a truncated cone and is mounted on a lower base sealed waterproof connector with cable.

In addition, the protective grid has a square cell size of the parties is not more than 60 mm

In addition, the total area of longitudinal output Windows equal to or greater than the cross-sectional area of the internal passage in the compartment of the housing with a hydraulic drive.

In addition, the reflector internal water flow has an angle of inclination of the generatrix of the cone to the horizontal axis equal to 30-60o.

In addition, a mechanical seal made samplebusiness and has a steel moveable disk, the working surface of which is covered with a layer of metal, a stationary element made of heat-treated alloy steel, rubber gaskets, elastomeric sleeve and a cylindrical spring which presses the disk and the element to each other.

In addition, the turbine blades are made of corrosion-resistant steel and fixed to the hub by means of pins that are parallel to the horizontal shaft.

In addition, the casing is placed in the flow of water through the supports on the banks of the river or channel on the housing with two opposite sides parallel to its longitudinal axis is equipped with two submersible balloon with air, and the casing is placed in the flow of water through the anchors on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic supports, which are fixed by their ends to the casing and at anchor.

In addition, in the vertical median plane in the upper part of the body parallel to its longitudinal axis installed submersible balloon with air, and the casing is placed in the flow of water through the anchors on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic supports, which are fixed by their ends to the casing and anchor.

In addition, the number of anchors and struts is three.

In addition, the casing is placed in the water stream by means of a support platform on the bottom.

In addition, the supporting platform has a support base and a cradle, which is mounted on a base with side roll 10-30oand longitudinal tilt 5-25ofrom the horizontal ground plane.

This allows to simplify the design and increase the tightness of hydroelectric power.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a General view of the underwater power plant of Fig.2 is a longitudinal section a-a of Fig.3 - a view B, Fig. 4 is a view, in Fig.5 - compartment housing with a hydraulic actuator, a longitudinal section, Fig.6 - VI is of type D, in Fig.11 - setting underwater hydroelectric power station in the river or channel on the ropes, General view, Fig. 12 is a view E of Fig. 13 - installation of underwater hydropower plant with two immersion tanks on the bottom of the reservoir, a General view of Fig. 14 is a view W of Fig. 15 - installation of underwater hydro one submersible tank on the bottom of the reservoir, a General view of Fig. 16 - type C, Fig. 17 - installing underwater hydropower plant on the support platform on the bottom of the reservoir, a General view of Fig.18 is a view And.

Underwater hydroelectric has established in the flow of water, divided into compartments of the housing 1 with the input confuser 2. Inside the housing 1 are sequentially hydraulic drive, made in the form of a blade of the turbine 3 with horizontal shaft 4 on bearings 5 and 6, and the generator 7, the rotor of which two coupling halves 8 and 9 is connected to the shaft 4 of the hydraulic drive. The generator 7 is placed in a sealed compartment 10 of the housing 1. On the input confuser 2 installed protective grid 11. Compartment 12 of the housing 1 with the hydraulic actuator has a longitudinal output window 13 and the reflector 14 of the internal flow of water, made in the form of a truncated cone and is hermetically connected to the cylindrical shell 15, within which is mounted a horizontal shaft 4 that is Oh 15. The tail section 17 of the housing 1 is airtight in the form of a truncated cone and is mounted on a lower base sealed waterproof connector 18 with the cable (figures not shown). Protective grid 11 has a square cell size of the parties is not more than 60 mm, the Total area of longitudinal output window 13 is equal to or larger cross-sectional area of the internal passage in the compartment 12 of the housing 1 with a hydraulic drive.

The reflector 14 of the internal water flow has an angle of inclination of the generatrix of the cone to the horizontal axis equal to 30-60o.

End seal 16 is made samplebusiness and has a steel moveable disk 19, the working surface of which is covered with a layer of metal, for example a layer of sintered bronze-graphite composition, impregnated silicone plastic, stationary element 20 made of heat-treated alloy steel, rubber strip 21, the elastomeric sleeve 22 and a coil spring 23 which presses the disk 19 and the element 20 to each other. The blades 24 of the turbine 3 is made of corrosion-resistant steel and fixed to the hub 25 by means of pins 26 that are parallel to the horizontal shaft 4.

In Fig. 11 and 12 of the housing 1 in the RAM 27. In Fig. 13 and 14 in a horizontal diametral plane of the housing 1 with two opposite sides parallel to its longitudinal axis is equipped with two submersible cylinder 29 and 30 with the air and the body 1 is installed in the flow of water through the anchors 31 on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic bearings 32, which are respectively fixed with their ends on the housing 1 and at anchor 31.

In Fig. 15 and 16 in the vertical median plane in the upper part of the housing 1 parallel to its longitudinal axis has one submersible tank 33 with air, and the body 1 is installed in the water flow through the armature 34 on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic supports 35, which are respectively fixed with their ends on the housing 1 and on the anchors 34. The number of anchors 31, 34 and struts 32, 35 may be equal to three.

In Fig. 17 and 18 of the body 1 is installed in the water flow by means of a support platform 36 at the bottom of the reservoir. The supporting platform 36 has a support base 37 and the cradle 38, which is mounted on a base 37 with side roll by 10 - 30oand longitudinal slope of 5 - 25ofrom the horizontal ground plane 37.

Underwater hydroelectric works as follows.

Moving the flow of water through ogram moving water rotates the turbine blade 3. Internal water flow after the turbine 3 is vented through the longitudinal output window 13 and a reflector 14. Blade turbine 3 drives the rotation of the electric generator 7 which produces electric energy transmitted through the connector 18 and the cable on automatic control equipment and control transformer and then to the consumer.

Underwater hydroelectric power plant in accordance with this invention in comparison with the prototype has a more simple and high-tech design and high integrity of its nodes.

1. Underwater hydroelectric containing installed in the water flow and is divided into compartments housing with input confuser, the output of which inside are consistently located the hydraulic actuator, is made in the form of a bladed turbine with horizontal shaft on bearings and generator, the rotor of which two coupling halves is connected to the shaft of the hydraulic drive, the generator is placed in a sealed compartment of the housing, characterized in that the input confuser installed protective net compartment housing with the hydraulic actuator has a longitudinal output window and the reflector internal water flow, vinoble on the horizontal bearings turbine shaft, the shaft has a mechanical seal, hermetically United with the cylindrical shell, the tail section of the body is sealed in the form of a truncated cone and is mounted on a lower base sealed waterproof connector with cable.

2. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the protective grid has a square cell size of the parties is not more than 60 mm

3. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the total area of longitudinal output Windows equal to or greater than the cross-sectional area of the internal passage in the compartment of the housing with a hydraulic drive.

4. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the reflector internal water flow has an angle of inclination of the generatrix of the cone to the horizontal axis equal to 30-60o.

5. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the mechanical seal is made samplebusiness and has a steel moveable disk, the working surface of which is covered with a layer of metal, a stationary element made of heat-treated alloy steel, rubber gaskets, elastomeric sleeve and a cylindrical spring which presses the disk and the element to each other.

6. Hydra is received in the hub with the help of pins, parallel to the horizontal shaft.

7. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the casing is placed in the flow of water through the supports on the banks of the river or canal and ropes attached to the housing and supports.

8. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the horizontal diametrical plane on the body with two opposite sides parallel to its longitudinal axis is equipped with two submersible balloon with air, and the casing is placed in the flow of water through the anchors on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic supports, which are fixed by their ends to the casing and at anchor.

9. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the vertical median plane in the upper part of the body parallel to its longitudinal axis installed submersible balloon with air, and the casing is placed in the flow of water through the anchors on the bottom of the reservoir and telescopic supports, which are fixed by their ends to the casing and anchor.

10. Hydroelectric power plant under item 8 or 9, characterized in that the number of anchors and struts is three.

11. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that the casing is placed in the flow of water through the supporting platform is not the base and cradle which is mounted on a base with side roll 10-30oand longitudinal tilt 5-25ofrom the horizontal ground plane.

 

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FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly fish passes in water-intake structures.

SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying water stream free of young fish in waterway; forming hydraulic screen near water-intake influence area to separate above area from main stream of water-intake structure; forming whirlpool area near water-intake shore edge. Water stream is formed upstream water-intake structure. Water for users is taken from whirlpool area formed by inner water spray boundary and shore edge. Facility includes water-intake structure arranged at shore line, water-intake pipes connected with pump, stream former and means for water stream creation in waterway. Means for water stream creation is made as channel operating in non-pressure regime and having outlet part arranged upstream water inlet. Marks formed on channel bottom and waterway bottom coincide one with another. Stream former is located downstream water intake and directed in downstream direction.

EFFECT: creating of hydraulic conditions to protect young fish from ingress in water-intake structure.

14 cl, 9 dwg

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