(57) Abstract:The invention is intended for use in agriculture, particularly livestock and poultry. The additive contains disintegrated cells of microorganisms of alcoholic fermentation, as well as organic raw materials or a mixture of organic and mineral raw materials. The use of feed additives can accelerate the growth of farm animals and increase their productivity. 4 C.p. f-crystals. The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly livestock and poultry, and can be used as fodder while feeding as a dietary Supplement.Traditional base of livestock and poultry based on the use of fodder and feed grains and products of their processing. These products are quite poor in minerals and biologically active substances. The above disadvantages of conventional feed the basis of agriculture led to the development of various feed additives containing the necessary macro - and micronutrients, vitamins, amino acids and other biologically active components.Known in chastest the elements, carbohydrates and water. The disadvantages of the known biological product is the lack of components that perform the function of sorbents, as well as antibiotics.Also known feed additive (RU, patent 2034503, A 23 K 1/16, 1995), containing vitamins, macro - and micro-components and the filler. The disadvantage of this feed additive should recognize the absence of biologically active substances of natural origin.A method of obtaining the feed mixture (RU, patent 2038799, A 23 K 1/00, 1995), including a mixture of herbal feed Supplement containing the amino acid component, the organic component and the zeolite. As the amino acid component can be used: concentrate lysine, aminobutiric or concentrate methionine. A disadvantage of the known feed additives should recognize the complexity of manufacturing it.The closest analogue of the claimed invention can be recognized as feed additive for fattening cattle (SU authorship 537666, A 23 K 1/00, 1977), waste alcohol production, namely grains, and vegetable raw materials. The disadvantage of the feed additive is a low content of vitamins and amino acids per unit of Moet in the development of feed additives a wide spectrum of action.The technical result is obtained as a result of implementation of the invention consists in providing a body of an animal or bird of biologically active substances in combination with vegetable and mineral raw materials.This technical result is achieved by the use of a feed additive containing as a waste product of ethanol - zainteresowanie cells of microorganisms of alcoholic fermentation, and the filler is an organic raw material or a mixture of mineral and organic materials.It is known that during alcoholic fermentation using yeast of the genus Saccharomyces and Kluveromyces, and bacteria P. Zymononas and R. Clostridium.The average biomass of these organisms contains, % of dry substance:
protein - 37,0 - 45,0
lipids and 1.5 - 2.5
carbohydrates - 35,0-45,0
minerals - 6,0 - 10,0
The biomass of yeast contains amino acids such as adenine and tyrosine (%) (4,17 - 6,45), valine and phenylalanine (5,15 - 8,58), leucine (5,28), serine (7,28), threonine (3,23 - 4,25), lysine (3,23 - 4,25), histidine (3,05 - 6,05), national (0,63 - 1,52) and cysteine (0,75) -content is given in terms of dry substance.Disintegration may be conducted by any known method (mechanical is m ore than 5 % ( by weight) disintegrated microorganisms alcoholic fermentation (so that is practically their cell membranes) by weight organic material or a mixture of organic and mineral raw materials. As organic raw materials, it is preferable to use a waste sunflower processing it on vegetable oil, silage, haylage and other succulent food. As mineral raw materials can be used urea, zeolite, phosphorus-containing additives. The feed additive may optionally contain drugs. The mixing ratio depends on the field of use of the feed additive.Below are examples of the preferred implementation of the feed additive.1. Feed additive contains 5% disintegrated yeast used in the production of ethyl alcohol, 90% of the silage and 5% of the calcium salt of chlortetracycline. When the use of feed additives in the feeding of laying hens following results: an increase in egg production by 19 % compared with the control group and the increase of egg weight on average by 4.7%. The drug contained in %:
amino acids - 0,004
lipids - 0,6
macronutrients - 1,6
trace elements - 0,7
vitamins (b group) - 0,001
2. Feed additive contains a mixture of disintegrated yeast used is about cattle obtained the following results: the average increase in milk yield of 8.5% increase in time of lactation in 11 days.The drug contained in %:
amino acids - 0.003
vitamins - 0,002
macronutrients - 1,1
trace elements - 0,65
lipids - 0,4
3. Feed additive contains a mixture of disintegrated microorganisms used in the production of ethanol from wheat bran, taken in the ratio of 5 : 95, with the addition of granulated zeolite in an amount of 3.5% by weight of bran. Received feed additive is used when feeding lambs. Thus we obtained the following results: weight gain of lambs by 6.5% for the three months feeding in the reduction of mortality of 4.8%.The drug contained, %;
amino acids - 0.04
vitamins - 0.02
macronutrients - 2,2
trace elements - 1,82
lipids - 0,3
The use of feed additives can accelerate the growth of farm animals and increase their productivity. While the cost of fodder is almost not increased because of the added component is disintegrated cells of the microorganisms used in the production of ethanol, are not utilized in the present time in other ways a waste product of ethanol. 1. Feed additive containing waste proizvodstvennaya disintegrated cells of microorganisms of alcoholic fermentation, and as filler - organic raw material or a mixture of organic or mineral raw materials.2. Additive under item 1, characterized in that the disintegrated cells of microorganisms is not more than 5% by weight of filler.3. Additive under item 1, characterized in that the organic raw materials used succulent food.4. Additive under item 1, characterized in that the quality of mineral raw materials used zeolite, phosphorus-containing compounds and urea.5. Additive under item 1, characterized in that it additionally contains medicines.
FIELD: fodder industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for preparing protein-vitamin fodder that involves solid or liquid waste in production and processing the natural raw (grains, milling waste, post-alcoholic distillery grains, beer pellets, fruit pulps or whey). Enzyme lysates are prepared from solid waste and starch waste. Cobalt salt is added to liquid waste or enzyme lysates. Prepared nutrient medium is used in incubation of lactobacillus and propionibacillus microorganisms taken by the following pairs: Lactobacillus acidophilus 1660/02 with Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii 103/12; or Lactobacillus acidophilus 1660/02 with Propionibacterium acnes 1450/28; or Lactobacillus plantarum 578/25 with Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii 103/12; or Lactobacillus plantarum 578/25 with Propionibacterium acnes 1450/28. This method provides preparing fodder enriched with vitamins and proteins and containing live cells of lactobacillus and propionibacillus microorganisms. Method enriches animal intestine microflora after feeding the prepared fodder to animals. Fodder comprises protective substances (organic acids, enzyme systems) and can be stored as crude form for the prolonged time.
EFFECT: improved preparing method, valuable properties of fodder.
13 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
FIELD: fodder production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for preparing fodder product from sugar beet seeds by their grinding and by addition of soybean grist in the ratio = 10:(2-3), extraction with hydrochloric acid followed by precipitation of the end product. Invention provides elevating level of lysine in the end product.
EFFECT: improved preparing method.
2 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, processing of after-distillery industry wastes.
SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing and feeding suspension for processing; separating suspension into sediment and filtrate; directing part of filtrate back into production circuit; introducing feed additives; mixing sediment with feed additives; drying mixed mass and forming product; separating delivered after-distillery dregs suspension by forced filtering and coagulation process and feeding into mixer for mixing of sediments with feed additives; conveying resultant mass to equipment for drying and forming procedures. Upon completion of procedure for forced filtration of after-distillery dregs suspension, up to 1/3 the total volume of resultant filtrate is directed back into production circuit for mixing of spent wash. Calcium hydroxide is use as coagulant.
EFFECT: simplified process for preparing of after-distillery dregs suspension before drying procedure, reduced power consumption and material usage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing sunflower oil foots with crushed cereal component in high-speed mixer having shaft rotational speed of 1,000-1,500 rev/min, with optimal dose of feeding of sunflower oil foots in the course of mixing with crushed cereal component being 30%. Method allows precise dosage of sunflower oil foots into crushed feed to be provided and homogeneous non-sticky mass to be produced. Also, method provides for purposeful utilization of sunflower oil foots and deficit of energy feeding of farm animals and poultry to be eliminated.
EFFECT: increased energy value of crushed feed, reduced labor intensity, simplified process and increased productive quality of farm animals and poultry.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises introducing glauconite into diet of milk cows in ecologically unfriendly zone in amount corresponding to 0.15-0.20 g per 1 kg cow's weight once a day over a 25-30 day period.
EFFECT: reduced level of lead both in body and in blood of cows.