How to create a lawn

 

(57) Abstract:

The method includes preparing the soil material, laying thickness from 0.3 to 50 cm drainage system or sand leveling and compaction. After that, make fertilizer, seeds and cook them sow, perform multiple watering, removing weeds with herbicides or means for decontamination of the soil. After receiving the carry out grass mowing and care of lawn turf. Ready sod removed from the grounds, cut into individual plates, transported to the place of establishment of the lawn and spread on prepared ground. Care of established lawn is carried out in the usual manner. Established lawn has increased strength and durability. 4 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, how to create a lawn that is applied, for example, in the construction of sports facilities, landscaping of gardens and parks, city streets, for any landscaping project areas, to restore the environment.

There is a method of creating darmowego coverage in the nursery, including the preparation of soil-vegetable mixture, putting it on Saransk weeds, preparation of a mixture of seeds, seeding and keeping her in the kennel to get grass with further transportation darmowego coating to the place of establishment of the lawn. /see the Prospectus of the company "Bindi": "Protoproto" Official supplier "of the TSA, Euroamericana, 1991/.

Closest to the claimed invention is a method of creating a lawn, including the preparation of soil-vegetable mixture, putting it on a prepared ground, keeping the soil of the vegetable mixture "fallow", fertilizing, weeding, preparing a mixture of seeds, seeding and keeping it up to get grass, transportation ready darmowego coating to the place of establishment of the lawn. The method differs in that the space or the Foundation soil, on which is placed the soil plant mix, pre-made permeable film, and the sod coating grown on the grass with water-permeable film is transported to the place of establishment of the lawn where placed on poured evenly and densely compacted layer of clay or loam soils (see patent R. F. N 2097961, class A 01 G 1/00, publ. 1997/.

Achieved by the invention of the technical result is to increase ostoja, the simplification of weed control and improving the transportation of sod to her calculations, as well as in the expansion of technological materials.

The essence of the proposed method.

The inventive method of creating a lawn involves the preparation by grinding, and/or cleaning and/or sieving of the soil, or peat, or sand, or organic materials, or mixtures of them, laying them on the landing grounds, fertilizing, weed removal, preparation, seed, seeding, keeping created layer to obtain grass, cutting darmowego coverage on a separate plate and transportation of finished darmowego coating to the place of establishment of the lawn and lay it on the ground or the Foundation soil. The method differs in that the as-prepared construction site use the drainage system or the sand, and laid on them a layer of soil, or peat, or sand, or organic materials, or mixtures thereof of a thickness of from 0.3 to 50 cm level and compacted, after seeding implement multiple watering, removing weeds with herbicides or means for decontamination of soil and/or weed control, perform mowing and lawn care, turf, th>/P>After placement at the construction site of the lawn plates ready sod densely join between them, aligned with respect to each other and compacted, and the joints between the plates is filled with soil, or peat, or sand, or organic materials, or mixtures thereof with seeds demobrowser herbs or without them. Transportation of the finished sod carry vehicles, including cars, or cars - refrigerated vehicles. For transportation of the finished sod use containers. The finished plate sod during transport, cover with foil or mesh.

The described method of creating a lawn is as follows. To obtain darmowego coverage, which will be established lawn, prepare the soil, peat, sand, mixtures thereof, or other materials commonly used when creating lawns, which are mixed and poured into the pit.

Then prepare the site or the Foundation soil, which will put the soil. The space or the Foundation soil is carried out with a slope to ensure drainage of snowmelt, storm water and water flowing after artificial watering grown darmowego coverage.

The soil is spread on the ground, the ground osnovaniya few weeks. All this time regularly watering the soil. For two or three weeks before sowing of seeds in the soil make fertilizer. Before seeding spend weeding. After all these activities carry out sowing seeds. Further care created darmowym coverage will be limited mainly to the regular watering of sod, cleanup, aeration, overseeding seeds in the necessary places, cutting grass and fertilizers.

The turf can stand up to high-quality herbage, with minimum care, because any load on the sod floor is missing. For growing grass, you need 3 - 5 months. With increasing time of cultivation of turf quality characteristics of the coating are improved.

After the formation of the grass and readiness darmowego coverage sod grown with grass in one way or another are separated from the Foundation soil or drainage system and transported to the place of establishment of the lawn.

For transporting sod can be covered by soil or grass waterproof and breathable films, meshes, or other materials. This prevents the destruction of darmowego coverage during transporte from various materials.

Transporting the sod is carried out by various transportation means and methods, including cars and cars refrigerator.

On the construction site brought the turf is laid on prepared any ground, soil or drainage.

Playground, the Foundation soil or drainage system on which stack the finished sod, can be performed with a slope for drainage of melted snow, rain and other waters. After laying lawn turf spend copious watering the lawn's surface.

Care for established lawns in the future is carried out in the usual manner.

1. A method of creating a lawn, including the preparation by grinding, and/or cleaning and/or sieving of the soil, or peat, or sand, or organic materials, or mixtures of them, laying them on the landing grounds, fertilizing, weed removal, preparation, seed, seeding, keeping created layer to obtain grass, cutting darmowego coverage on a separate plate and transportation of finished darmowego coating to the place of establishment of the lawn and lay it on the ground or the Foundation soil, characterized in that the site of the Foundation of organic materials, or their mixtures, of a thickness of 0.3 to 50 cm level and compacted, after seeding implement multiple watering, removing weeds, perform mowing and lawn care, turf, finished sod grown with grass separated from the platform base.

2. The method according to p. 1, wherein after placement at the construction site of the lawn plates ready sod densely join between them, aligned with respect to each other and compacted, and the joints between the plates is filled with soil, or peat or sand, or organic materials, or mixtures thereof with seeds demobrowser herbs or without them.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the transportation of the finished sod carry vehicles, including cars, or cars - refrigerated vehicles.

4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that for the transportation of finished turf use containers.

5. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that during the transportation of the finished plates sod cover them with foil or mesh.

 

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FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing and feed production, may be used for growing of spring rape in fodder crop as postcut forage crop.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing soil and seeds; sowing; providing care for young crops; harvesting. Seed sowing is carried out during period of mass development of cruciferous weeds and die-off of first generation of wintered cruciferous fleas Phyllotreta spp. Spring rape is grown in postcut forage crop. Before seed sowing, soil is cultivated by rotavation or two-three-staged disking by means of harrows to 8-10 cm depth immediately after harvesting of preceding crop. Seed sowing is performed during 2-3 days after harvesting of said crop. Spring rape is cultivated in single-course complete fodder crop rotation mode. Winter wheat is used as preceding crop. Early ripening rape seeds with growing period of up to 100 days are commonly used. In the Middle Urals zone, rape seeds are sown in June, 15 to 30.

EFFECT: increased yield of spring rape grown for forage in risky agriculture regions at intensive utilization of plowed field in fodder crop rotation mode without use of pesticides.

4 cl, 6 tbl

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