Device for reducing the rolling stock with rails
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to railway transport. The device comprises a drive dropping the Shoe, consisting of a base plate and a rack connected to imposed on the rail head rolling shelf with guide comb. In the eyes of a support plate pivotally mounted axle for fixing the rack. The electric drive is implemented with the control unit the position of the Shoe. On the rack brackets pivoted thrust, one of which, the power is connected to the gate, and the other through the adjusting screws with the control lines of the control unit. The base plate is installed on the neck of the rail on the outer side of the path. The rack is made slots for height adjustment of the rolling position of the shelf relative to the rail head. The invention is aimed at improving reliability. 7 Il. The invention relates to railway transport, namely the auxiliary rail equipment (kickers rolling stock, mounted on the paths).A device for flushing rolling stock with rails , which contains the drive with gate and drive Shoe dropping, vkljuchajuwih rod and fasteners. The Shoe is mounted with the possibility of translational movement perpendicular to the rail in the guide rigidly mounted on the base, and is made with base plate mounted in said guides and having a pair of spaced in its transverse direction stops located with the opportunity to interact with a swivel in the direction of the rail clamps mounted on the base, and rolling shelf Shoe is made with block located below the level of the rail head-side approach of rolling stock.The disadvantage of this device is that the position control discharging of the Shoe on the rail head is carried out by setting waypoints in stops and registered visually, and the position control in the off position absent, which leads to more accidents on the road.The second drawback is that in the process of operation occurs vertical wear of the rail head, which leads to a gap between the rolling shelf and rail head. When hit by rolling shelf wheels of the car possible break in the Shoe, resulting in the derailment of the car is not going to happen. All this leads to a decrease in reliability of the device.
the Lam, located inside the track and hitting the wheel on the area located below the level of the rail head with the stop flange of the wheel in the guide comb, there is a force horizontal component is directed to the inside of the track and is not perceived by rail, which leads to fracture of the Shoe at the junction of the base plate with the rolling shelf or digging the Foundation of the sleepers. Resulting in the wheel of the car can get by dropping the Shoe, and the gathering of the car is not going to happen. And this also leads to reduced reliability of the device and increase the accident rate on the roads.The aim of the present invention is to improve device reliability and reduce accidents on the roads.This objective is achieved in that the device for dropping the rolling stock with rails containing the drive leaving the Shoe, consisting of a base plate and a rack connected to imposed on the rail head rolling shelves with guide comb, ear base plate pivotally mounted axle for fixing the rack, the electric drive is implemented with the control unit the position of the Shoe, while on the rack brackets pivoted thrust, one of which, the power is connected to the gate and Dr on the neck rail on the outer side of the path, and the rack is made slots for height adjustment of the rolling position of the shelf relative to the rail head.This embodiment of the device in which the lugs of the base plate pivotally mounted axle for fixing the rack, the electric drive is implemented with the control unit the position of the Shoe, while on the rack brackets pivoted thrust, one of which, the power is connected to the gate, and the other through the adjusting screws with the control lines of the control unit, while the base plate is installed on the neck of the rail on the outer side of the path, and the rack is made slots for height adjustment of the rolling position of the shelf relative to the head rail, enables remote monitoring of the position of the dropping of the Shoe, to eliminate the gap, occurring during operation between the rolling shelf and rail by changing the position of the rolling shelves before pressing it to the rail head dropping of the Shoe and, in addition, occur when running the wheels on the rolling rack horizontal component of the effort in the rail. All this allows to reduce the possibility of fracture discharging of the Shoe, and consequently, to increase the reliability of the device, ensuring sa the device is superimposed on the rail leaving the Shoe in the enclosing operating position; in Fig.2 - General view of the device for discharging the Shoe in the off position; Fig. 3 is a General top view of Fig. 4 - leaving the Shoe in the off position; Fig. 5-leaving the Shoe in position; Fig. 6 is a view of A in Fig. 1; Fig. 7 is a view In Fig. 2
The device comprises a drive dropping the Shoe, which includes a base plate 1, rack 2 and applied to the head 3 of the rail 4 rolling shelf 5, limited guide comb 6. The lugs 7 are fixed on the base plate 1, which is installed on the neck 8 of the rail 4 on the outer side of the path. The lugs 7 pivotally mounted axle 9 on which is fixed hour 2, coupled with the rolling shelf 5 by means of the fastening elements 10. In place of mounting on the rack 2 has grooves 11 for adjusting the position of the rolling shelves 5 relative to the head 3 of the rail 4 in height. The actuator 12 is supplied with the unit 13 controlling the position of the gate 14 with the control lines 15 on the output. The rack 2 is rigidly fixed to the brackets 16 are pivotally connected to rods 17, 18, one of which is power, and the other control. And both pivotally connected to the adapters 19, 20. One of the adapter 19 is rigidly connected to the gate 14, and the other adapter 20 through the adjusting screws 21 getkeyvalue Shoe attached to the neck 8 of the rail 4 with the outer sides of the path of the fastening elements 10. In the rack 2 has grooves 11to the horizontal, and in rolling shelf 5 - stud 22, which is introduced into these grooves 11 and secured by nuts 10. During the operation there is a vertical wear of the head 3 of the rail 4 and between it and rolling shelf 5 occurs the gap. For compensation Unscrew the nut 10 and the rolling shelf 5 rebuff down. Studs 22 rolling shelves 5 slide along the slots 11 to fit the thumb shelf 5 to the head 3 of the rail 4. Adjusted the position of the rolling shelf 5 is fixed by nuts 10 on the rack 2 with spontaneous departure from the station and access roads on the way routes transceiver train departure, leaving the Shoe with electric drive, which can be used to switch the drive, set in the enclosing position. The wheel of the outgoing car around Catania rolled on Banco 23 rolling shelves 5, rises above the level of the head 3 of the rail 4 so that the wheel flange goes on the rolling surface of the shelf 5 and simultaneously abuts against the outer side of the flanges of the wheels of the guide comb 6. Upon further movement of the carriage forward of the wheel flange of the car is rolling on the rolling shelf 5, simultaneously slides along the guiding Greb is alsov 4. In order to miss the car in the place of installation of the release of the Shoe, the last set in the off position by turning the lugs 7 axis 9 to the horizontal position of the rack 2. Control over the position of the discharging Shoe carried out remotely and automatically. When installing Shoe dropping in the working position of the gate 14 move to the left (in the drawing), tightening via power adapter rod 17, which pulls the bracket 16, setting ro-ro 5 shelf Shoe on the head 3 of the rail 4. The control rod 18 follows the movement of the power thrust 17. The control line 15 occupy the extreme left (in the drawing) position, closing one of the contact unit 13 controlling the position of the gate 14 (Fig. not shown). Busy signal paths Shoe arrives on the remote control Manager. When installing a Shoe outside the position of the gate 14 push in the right (in the drawing) position through the adapter 20. Power thrust 17 impinges on the bracket 16, unfolding it and the rack 2 with the rolling shelf 5 90o. The control rod 18 follows the movement of the power thrust 17, pushing the control line 15, which closes the other of the contact unit 13 controlling the position of the gate the purpose of adjusting the position of the control lines 15 depending on the position of the Shoe is carried out by twisting or twisting of the adjusting screws 21 in the adapter 20. The adjusting screws 21 in the control line 15 is fixed fasteners 24.Sources of information
A. C. CCCP N 1801841 "Device for reducing the rolling stock with rails" M CL 5 61 To 5/04 publ. 15.03.93. Bull. N 10. Device for flushing rolling stock rails containing the drive leaving the Shoe, consisting of a base plate and a rack connected to imposed on the rail head rolling shelf with guide comb, characterized in that the lugs of the base plate pivotally mounted axle for fixing the rack, the electric drive is implemented with the control unit the position of the Shoe, while on the rack brackets hinged pull one of which, the power is connected to the gate, and the other through the adjusting screws with the control lines of the control unit, while the base plate is installed on the neck of the rail on the outer side of the path, and the rack is made slots for height adjustment of the rolling position of the shelf relative to the rail head.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to devices for return of railway cars that went off track, to methods of shoes packaging and to devices for their packaging. Knurling shoe for return of emergency train cars to track is characterised by the fact that on lower side of casing in its middle and back parts multiple cells are arranged that are open from bottom, and cells are created by flanging and partitions of casing. Depth of cells increases from casing back part to its front part. In front part of the latter transverse front and back walls are arranged, in which, accordingly, front and back grooves are arranged for rail head of track. Shoe casing is arranged as cast from metal alloy on the basis of titanium. According to method for packaging of knurling shoes, at first shoes are oriented with their flanges opposite to each other and are installed on cassette base on back parts at the distance from each other that exceeds sum of two heights of front parts of shoes so that center of gravity of every shoe in specified position of shoe is arranged internal circuit of base. Then back parts of shoes are fixed on cassette base, and shoes are inclined to central vertical axis of cassette to contact with horizontal sections of flange, which are located in single vertical plane. Afterwards front part of each shoe is connected to cassette stand. Device for method realisation represents cassette that includes base and stand fixed on base with load eye at its end. Along base perimetre there are at least longitudinal flanges, distance between which is selected as less than width of shoe back part. Height of stand is more than shoe length, thickness of stand is less than width of every aperture arranged in transverse walls of shoe for track rail. Stand has facilities for connection of shoe front parts to it.
EFFECT: as a result, shoe bearing capacity and convenience of its use are increased.
6 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed device comprises support beam with jacks arranged across the track. Jack rods interact with gripper arranged at coupling head. Working jacks are mounted at moving slides mounted at support beam. To drive said slides at support beam end power hydraulic cylinder is mounted thereat to interact with slides. Slides are articulated by tie-rod Said gripper is composed of thrust beam arranged at coupling one head and bearing clevis arranged around coupling head, its ends coupled with thrust beam.
EFFECT: higher safety, expanded operating performances.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed device comprises roll-on shoes 1 and pulling device composed by winch 3. Locking device 5 is secured at rail 2. Winch 3 is coupled with locking device 5 by pull rope 6. The latter is passed through set of bypass pulleys 7, 8 to make block and tackle. One bypass pulley 7 is arranged in railway track and connected by rope length with locking device 5. Second bypass pulley 8 is mounted at vehicle 4. Locking device 5 is composed by rail grippers secured at rails 2 with stiffness crossbar 13 arranged there between.
EFFECT: no need in extra tractor.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device to lift railway vehicles. Device to lift railway vehicle (3) on rail (5) comprises bearing frame (7) resting at least partially on said rail and lifting element (9) mounted at said bearing frame to lift railway vehicle wheel (11) above rail (5). Bearing frame (7) comprises at least the first bearing element (13) to rest on the rail at first position (15) and second bearing element (19) to rest on the ground at second position (21). Lifting element (9) comprises stationary base (35) and moving lifting element (37) that displaces relative to stationary base to apply lifting force and to displace the vehicle (3). Lifting element (9) includes extra retainer (45) to lock said moving lifting element at stationary vase.
EFFECT: hoisting device that allows lifted vehicle to turn.
13 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for replacing the wheel pairs of a railway carriage includes fixing the carriage relative to the track, separating the wheel pairs to be replaced from the carriage and the trucks, removing the wheel pairs to be replaced from the carriage, installing the carriage with the trucks onto the replacing wheel pairs. Wherein three adjacent sections are formed to accommodate parallel rail tracks made of the rails on each of them, in order to manipulate the wheel pairs to be replaced and the replacing wheel pairs. Wherein the rails of the railway tracks consist of sections laid freely relative to each other.
EFFECT: replacement of the train wheel pairs is simplified; the time of such replacement is shortened.
12 cl, 7 dwg