Method of sowing seeds in outdoor soil

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is used in the field of agriculture and applied with the seed in the open ground. The method includes cutting stubble layer when the ratio of the width of the spacing and the processed surface, equal 0,92 0,08. Then make a circular feed and seed placement under stubble layer with regard to the relationship of the movement of the gear from the shaft with the rollers of the drill and shaft portions of issuance of the material. Then the seeds are fixed in the soil by rolling seal stubble layer with rollers with a zigzag profile. The invention will provide a uniform distribution of seeds in the soil.

The invention relates to the technology of sowing seeds in the open ground and can be used when applying for planting grain and leguminous crops on large areas with simultaneous treatment of soil and fertilizer.

There is a method of sowing seeds in outdoor soil, which produces cutting stubble layer placed in the surface layer of the soil, feed and seed placement under stubble layer and the seal layer of stubble rollers with zigzag profile, providing fixed the local way of sowing seeds in outdoor soil layer should be attributed to the low quality of the process of seeding and the uneven distribution of seeds, leading to excessive sowing crops, and hence the additional costs of combustive-lubricating materials, equipment wear and loss of machine time for spring and sannipoli works.

The aim of the new method is to increase the uniformity of seed distribution in the soil and the removal of all above-mentioned shortcomings of the prototype.

This object is achieved according to the method of sowing seeds in outdoor soil by cropping stubble layer placed in the surface soil layer, filing and distribution of seeds under stubble layer and subsequent rolling seal stubble layer, creating the fixed position of seeds in the surface layer of the open ground, and stubble layer cut when the ratio of the width of the row processing and the processed surface, equal 0,920,08 and seeds served in a ground loop with regard to the relationship of the movement of the gear from the shaft with the rollers of the drill and shaft portions issuance seeds, dry and liquid fertilizers.

In addition, when implementing this method, it is possible to take into account the size of prokachivanija and compaction of soil, which is dependent on the total working surface of the cylindrical ooplsa and square, the sealing rollers, which is depending on anchor zig-zag profile, located with a certain step on said cylindrical surface of the rollers and the gap between the rollers is required for installation and the location of the sprocket chain transmission, posting pulling levers and rollers compensatory rings, ensuring maintainability and dipole using at least a pair of sets of rollers for the two drills. Referred to as the density of the soil depends on the seal part of the ground tracks or wheels of the tractor, area, and density of loading on the leading rotary wheel of the drill and the cutting angle beta formed by the main front, changing the direction of flow angles at a constant zero value of the main rear corner for the entire back surface of the combined profile of the knife opener. At the same time the density of the processed soil depends on the width of the overlap of the ground mentioned rotary wheel of the planter. The position of the peaks of the cutting knives arranged in rows and perpendicular to the feed of the drill, rotate on the said track clearances between the rollers and an area of rolling.

An example of the method vesenny dispersed layer of fertilizer, and in a container for liquid feeding pour a desired chemical compound, such as ammonium nitrate. Then submit the unit to the work area of the field and include it in the action of the metering device. Cut stubble soil layer with the ratio of the width of the row processing and the processed surface within 0,920,08.

Serves and place the seeds under the stubble layer, and serves seeds for sowing in the open ground cyclically in relation to the movement of the gear from the shaft with the rollers of the drill and shaft portions issuance seeds, dry and liquid fertilizers. Carry out the rolling and compacting of stubble layer rollers with zigzag profile and create a fixed position of the seeds in the surface layer of the open ground.

This method, along with uniform distribution of seeds in the soil eliminates wastage sown crops (cyclic supply of seeds), the additional costs of combustive-lubricating materials and equipment wear.

Method of sowing seeds in outdoor soil by cropping stubble layer placed in the surface soil layer, filing and distribution of seeds under stubble layer and subsequent rolling seal stubble is e open ground, wherein the stubble layer cut when the ratio of the width of the spacing and the processed surface, equal 0,920,08 and seeds served in a ground loop with regard to the relationship of the movement of the gear from the shaft with the rollers of the drill and shaft portions issuance seeds, dry and liquid fertilizers.

 

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