Refrigerator with high efficiency refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators (n. and.cycle) and the way to manage this fridge

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for. use in refrigeration. The refrigerator has a freezing and refrigerating chambers, compressor, condenser, capillary tube, the first and second evaporators installed in series. The first evaporator is installed in the refrigerating chamber, a second evaporator in the freezer. The chambers are separated from one another to cool off separately. The first fan is installed in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, the second fan is installed in the freezing chamber to circulate air coming from the second evaporator. There is a control unit for controlling operation of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. The refrigerator operates on a highly efficient refrigeration cycle. The method of controlling a refrigerator includes a separate inclusion of evaporators and fans of each of the cameras. The invention provides support in both chambers constant temperature, as well as quick and efficient cooling chambers. 11 C. and 51 C.p. f-crystals, 25 ill.

The invention relates to refrigerators and, in particular, to the of this fridge for realization of refrigeration and freezing at a constant temperature in each of its separate chambers through the use of a separate evaporators and associated fans.

In General, the refrigerator comprises a Cabinet 4, in which the freezing chamber 2 and the refrigerating chamber 3 separated from each other by the median septum with 1 doors 5 and 6, placed as shown in Fig. 1. The refrigerator has a refrigeration cycle and contains a compressor 7, a condenser 8, a capillary tube 9 and the evaporator 10, sequentially connected to each other by tubes 11 to the refrigerant, forming a closed loop, as shown in Fig. 2. In other words, the refrigerant performs the operation of the refrigeration cycle in order to convert the energy state when passing through the tube 11 to the refrigerant and the various nodes. In particular, the evaporator 10 absorbs heat from the environment and generates chilled air.

As shown in Fig. 1, the compressor is installed in the lower part of the Cabinet 4, and the evaporator 10 is installed in the rear wall of the refrigerating chamber 2. The cooling fan 12 is placed above the upper part of the evaporator 10. Guide 14 of the fan and the channel 15 of the cooled air, which are devices 13 issue of the cooled air, placed at corresponding locations on the rear wall of the Cabinet 4 of the refrigerator, so that a portion of the cooled air after performing heat exchange in the evaporator 10 is supplied careeres discharge device 13 channel the cooled air 15 into the cooling chamber 3. After circulation of the cooled air in each chamber, he returned to the evaporator 10 for performing heat exchange in the first and second working channels 16 and 17, made in the middle of the partition wall 1. Adjusting valve 18 is designed for controlling the amount of cooled air that must flow into the refrigerating chamber 3.

As shown in Fig. 3, typically, the operation of the refrigerator according to current practice as follows: determine the temperature TFfreezer 3 (below called "freezing temperature") to find out if it works or not the compressor 7. The freezing temperature TFcompared with the preset freezing temperature TFSspecified previously using the temperature controller, so that during the operation 110 checks to determine, whether exceeds the freezing temperature TFgiven freezing temperature TFSfreezer (below called "pre-set temperature freezing"). If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSfor operation 110 should operation 111 enable the compress isFSfor operation 110 should operation 112 off of the compressor 7 and the cooling fan 10. After performing operations respectively 111 and 112, the control system performs an operation 113 in order to determine the over temperature TRthe refrigerating chamber 3 (below called the "cooling temperature") set temperature cooling TRSthe refrigerating chamber (below called "pre-set temperature cooling") defined previously using the temperature controller according to the results of their comparison. If the cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling TRSfor operation 113 should the operation 114 opening of the adjusting valve. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSfor operation 110 should operation 115 closing the adjusting valve 18.

Thus, when the compressor 7 and the cooling fan 10 adjusting valve 18 is used to feed in the refrigerating chamber 3 of the required amount of cooled air, but when the compressor 7 is turned off, even when open due to the fact that the cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling T

Under standard temperature conditions, the temperature of refrigerators and freezers is set in accordance with level 3 and -18oC. in Addition, the problems lie in the lack of limitations under the control of the two temperature ranges using a single heat source and cooler and at lower energy efficiency of the refrigerator. In other words, if one heat exchanger monitors two temperature range of the refrigerating and freezing chambers through a predetermined temperature, a heat exchanger, refrigeration and freezer can demonstrate each of the more significant differences between the temperatures achieved in the working and non-working condition. This means the appearance of irreplaceable losses in thermodynamic terms, accompanied by a decrease in energy efficiency.

Hoodies ducts and reverse channels. While there are problems associated with the fact that the moisture released by the food in the refrigeration chamber, is deposited in the form of frost on the surface having a lower temperature of the heat passing through the heat exchanger gas flow decreases, which leads to lower energy efficiency.

Refrigerator performs complex procedures generation in a heat exchanger cooled air passes through the cooling duct, regulating the amount of chilled air and feeding regulated quantities of cooled air in the refrigerating chamber. Takes a long time to achieve a stable temperature of the refrigerating chamber at a predetermined level 3oC. In particular, a lot of time to bring the refrigerating chamber to the standard temperature required for initial or re-enabling the fridge after a long stop in conditions of high ambient temperature of up to roughly 30oC. it is also Impossible to respond quickly to rapid changes of temperature in the refrigerating chamber. This is why there is constant cooling temperature. In order to achieve this featur is ploumanac, established in the freezer. This not only limits the possibility of rapid cooling of the refrigerating chamber, but does not allow to carry out appropriate control of the refrigerating and freezing chambers.

The fridge was also facing the problem of growth on the heat exchanger of a large number of frost, since the cooled air is humidified when returning to the heat exchanger via the reverse channel after circulating in the refrigerating chamber. Frost is not thaws when off of the refrigerator, and thus, the drying of the refrigerating chamber. In this regard, stored in the refrigerator to maintain freshness for a long period of time.

The fridge has a negative impact on food and ice stored in the freezer, smells, etc., the products associated with such phenomena as the fermentation of vegetables, as the refrigerated air in the refrigeration and freezer separately, when the exhaust back to the heat exchanger is mixed and then fed to him.

The refrigerator requires a cooling duct for distribution of the cooling air generated by EDINOGO air to the heat exchanger. This leads to the complexity of the design and the associated loss of cooled air.

A typical example of existing solutions is the U.S. patent N 5150583, which describes the fridge containing the freezer with the evaporator and the fan and the refrigerating chamber evaporator and a fan. The refrigerator provides for the use as a refrigerant non-azeotrope blends a mixture of two components with different boiling points. In the case of use as a non-azeotrope blends refrigerant mixture, when two components of the refrigerant are in the process of evaporation of a high melting point, and a refrigerant with a melting temperature in the high temperature range is used for cooling the refrigerating chamber, and a refrigerant with a melting temperature in the low temperature range is used for cooling the freezer. Therefore, he has the advantage related to the fact that two of the refrigerant allows the heat exchanger to have a smaller providing heat transfer temperature difference relative to the air in the cells beyond their own temperatures and reduce thermodynamic non-renewable losses, thereby improving energy efficiency. However, it requires BCI, that means that the heat exchanger becomes larger. In addition, the pipe system must be posted by separating gas from liquid, since there is no need to introduce the refrigerant evaporated in the zone of high temperature in the low temperature area. Difficult is the mixing of two refrigerants in the desired ratio, even after the fulfilment of the blending of two or more refrigerants in the mixture may vary at each stage of the refrigeration cycle. The mixture may also vary depending on the load cells or the ambient temperature of the refrigerator air. In addition, in terms of mass production is more difficult to seal two refrigerant in the pipe, which provides a specific composition of the mixture. If placed in hermetically quantity of refrigerant there is a certain tolerance, the mixture of refrigerants impairs its inherent performance.

The main aim of the invention is to offer refrigerators with high-efficiency refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators (N. I. cycle: below is called "N. I. cycle"), and how the management of these refrigerators, providing cooling and freezing at a constant temperature and h the indicators and related fans.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator to control the operation of the system in different ways depending on the condition of the air surrounding the refrigerator, so you can quickly and effectively cool the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator containing separate the freezing and refrigerating chambers, each of which is equipped with an evaporator and a fan to circulate air (below called "fan") to implement appropriate control so that the temperature difference between the chamber and the evaporator is reduced, reducing due to this thermodynamic losses through the management system, and improve energy efficiency.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator to perform the defrosting of the evaporator, the use of cooling air from the relatively higher temperature during compressor off and subsequent pumping formed when R is a long time to ensure the preservation of fresh food products.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator containing separate the freezing and refrigerating chambers, equipped with a cooling system (evaporator and a fan to provide air circulation) for independent control of each chamber, which improves the cooling rate of each camera.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator containing separate the freezing and refrigerating chambers, equipped with a cooling system (evaporator and a fan to provide air circulation) for independent control of each chamber, which improves the speed of air circulation, and also by using a sensor installed in each cell, to accurately determine the temperature and to react quickly to temperature increase.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator containing completely separate freezer and refrigerator compartment in order to avoid hitting one of them in different smells emitted stored pre refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator containing a cooling system consisting of two evaporators and two fans, so you can simplify the configuration of the refrigeration cycle and to use only one refrigerant, contributing to the improvement of mass production.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and how to manage this fridge for simultaneous control of fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, increasing, thus, the rate of cooling. Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and how to manage this fridge for fan control of the freezing and refrigerating chambers so that if the temperature of the freezer evaporator is freezing temperature, fan freezer is interrupted as long as the temperature of the refrigerant evaporator is below the temperature of the cooling, providing for the expense of this energy savings.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and how to manage this fridge to turn on the compressor depending on the condition of the freezer or you can see the way the maintenance in each cell of the set temperature.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator for cooling the first cooling chamber and subsequent cooling freezer after the temperature of the refrigerating chamber drops below the predetermined temperature, cooling, thus reducing the operating time of the compressor and providing energy savings.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and how to manage the refrigerator, allowing to maintain constant temperature of the refrigerating chamber even when cooling the freezer.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator for cooling the refrigerating chamber at the beginning of the work, so that the freezer is cooled before refrigerating chamber cooled to a temperature below the temperature of the cooling, increasing the cooling rate of each camera.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and ways to manage this refrigerator to prevent freezer temperature has exceeded the set temperature of the constant temperature freezer etc.

Another aim of the invention is to propose refrigerator with N. I. cycle and how to manage this fridge thus, to be able to maintain a constant temperature in the freezer even during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber, and to maintain a constant temperature in the refrigerating chamber even during the cooling of the freezing chamber.

In accordance with this refrigerator and N. I. cycle according to the present invention, with the freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a condenser for condensing the refrigerant, a capillary tube for expanding refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber, and a second evaporator installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, the second fan, set in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, and the control unit also includes a first sensor for detecting the temperature in the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature in the freezer and a control unit, electrically associated with the first and second sensors to control the operation of the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers depending on the specific temperature.

The invention also includes a first sensor for detecting the surface temperature of the first evaporator, a second sensor for detecting the surface temperature of the second evaporator, and a control unit for switching on the fan of the refrigerating chamber and shut off the compressor and fan freezer with the purpose of defrosting of the first evaporator when cooling temperature exceeds the temperature of the cooling surface when the compressor stops.

The invention also includes a sensor for detecting the ambient temperature of the refrigerator control, and a control unit for simultaneously controlling operation of the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers for cooling both cameras, or to provide any fans of the freezing or refrigerating chamber to cool first one of the cells, if the condition of ambient air does not exceed a predefined based on the intrinsic properties of holodilnaya in her food.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, a first sensor for detecting the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors to turn on the compressor and a fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers if the temperature is freezing, defined by the second sensor exceeds the set temperature of the freezing suitable for storage in a freezer for food.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following anemia in the freezer food comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in a cooler of food, and the use of the compressor and the corresponding fan for cooling the refrigeration and/or freezer, supporting, thus, a constant temperature and high humidity in each of the individual cameras, if any of the temperatures of the cooling and freezing in the course of these transactions exceeds the respective specified values.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, the first sensor on the lock control, electrically connected with the sensors to turn on the compressor and a fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers if the temperature is freezing, defined by the second sensor exceeds the set temperature of the freezing suitable for storage in a freezer food, and to control the fan freezer so that the fan and the freezer was delayed for a certain time up until the second surface temperature is below the temperature of the cooling, if the second surface temperature exceeds the temperature of the cooling.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: mapping freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer food, the comparison of the cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator of food, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, comparing the freezing temperature with the surface temperature of freezing, if the cooling temperature exceeds sadea freezers, if the freezing temperature is below the predetermined freezing temperature; and turning on the compressor and fans refrigeration and freezers, if the freezing temperature is below the set temperature of the freezing.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, a first sensor for detecting the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors to control the compressor and turning it on, if the temperature is freezing, some tisevich products or if the cooling temperature defined by the first sensor exceeds the set temperature cooling, suitable for storage in a cooler of food, and to control the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers and their on and off depending on the current status of each camera.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: mapping freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer food, the comparison of the cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator of food, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor if the temperature is above freezing set temperature of the freezing, or if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second and the first chamber is separated from each other, to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, the first sensor for determining the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors to control the compressor and the fan switch on the refrigeration chamber with cooling, therefore, the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature is freezing, defined by the second sensor exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer for food, or if the cooling temperature defined by the first sensor exceeds the set temperature cooling, suitable for storage in a cooler of food, and to control the compressor and the fan switch on the freezer's cooling, so the freezer in case, if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling.

The method of controlling the refrigerator sapthapadi for storage in a freezer food comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator of food, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, a first sensor for detecting the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for opredeliaetsia and enable fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers with cooling, thus, the freezing and refrigerating chambers at a constant temperature, if during the cooling freezer cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling, suitable for storage in a cooler of food.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: mapping freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer food, the comparison of the cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator of food, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature for cooling, the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the cooling temperature below the set temperature cooling; and comparison of the cooling temperature and the set temperature cooling with subsequent turning on the compressor and freezer fan and haltigan another implementation variant of the invention, fridge, with the freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, a second fan mounted in the freezer to ensure air circulation coming from the second evaporator, the first sensor for determining the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors for controlling turning on fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers and improvement, thus cooling the freezer, if the cooling temperature exceeds the second predetermined cooling temperature suitable for storage in the refrigerator food during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: oreiley chamber of food products; the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing; comparison of refrigeration temperature with a second predetermined cooling temperature, higher than the set cooling temperature suitable for storage in the refrigerator food, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature is higher than the second predetermined temperature cooling; and turning on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the cooling temperature is lower than the second predetermined temperature cooling.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigeration Kalim in the freezer to ensure air circulation, coming from the second evaporator, the first sensor for determining the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors for controlling turning on fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers and avoiding, thus, the exit temperature of the cooling for the limits, if the cooling temperature exceeds the second predetermined cooling temperature, higher than the set cooling temperature suitable for storage in the refrigerator food during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: mapping freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer food, the comparison of the cooling temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator of food, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature, giving fans of the refrigerating chamber, if the cooling temperature below the set temperature cooling; comparing the freezing temperature with a second predetermined freezing temperature exceeding the set temperature of the freezing suitable for storage in a freezer for food; comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if the freezing temperature is below the second predetermined temperature freezing; and turning on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the freezing temperature is higher than the second predetermined temperature, freezing.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, fridge with freezing and refrigerating chambers contains a refrigeration cycle including a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a first evaporator installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator is installed in series with the first evaporator in the freezer; the freezing and refrigerating chambers are separated from each other to cool off, separately, the first fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator, the second fan installed in frost is dividing the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, a second sensor for detecting the temperature of the freezing chamber, and a control unit, electrically connected with the sensors for controlling turning on fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers and avoiding, thus, the temperature of the freezing set level, if the freezing temperature exceeds the second predetermined freezing temperature exceeding the set temperature of the freezing suitable for storage in a freezer for food during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber, and to control switching on fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers to maintain the temperatures of the freezing and cooling at a constant level if the cooling temperature exceeds the second specified temperature cooling higher than the set cooling temperature suitable for storage in the refrigerator food during the cooling of the freezing chamber.

The method of controlling the refrigerator contains the following operations: mapping freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer food, the comparison of the temperature of cooling given the freezing temperature value exceeds the set temperature of the freezing; the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature for cooling, the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the cooling temperature below the set temperature cooling; comparing the freezing temperature with a second predetermined freezing temperature exceeding the set temperature of the freezing suitable for storage in a freezer food, after turning on the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off fan of the freezing chamber; a return to operation mapping refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if the freezing temperature is below the second predetermined temperature freezing; turning on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the freezing temperature is higher than the second predetermined temperature freezing; re-mapping the cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature Oh the th temperature of freezing, if the cooling temperature is above the set temperature cooling, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the freezing temperature is below the predetermined freezing temperature; comparing the freezing temperature with the second predetermined temperature is freezing, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing after turning on the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber; comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the freezing temperature exceeds the second specified temperature freezing; and turning on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the freezing temperature is below the second predetermined temperature, freezing.

In Fig. 1 shows the image side in the vertical cycle, adapted to the conventional refrigerator with Fig. 1;

in Fig. 3 shows a flowchart illustrating a method of controlling a conventional refrigerator with Fig. 1;

in Fig. 4 shows the image side in the vertical projection, and in the context of the configuration of the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 5 shows a block diagram of the refrigeration cycle, adapted to the fridge with Fig. 4;

in Fig. 6 shows a flowchart illustrating a method of controlling a refrigerator with N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 7 shows a block diagram illustrating a first variant implementation of the method of controlling a refrigerator, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 8 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, a fan of the freezing chamber fan and the refrigerating chamber according to the first variant implementation of the present invention;

in Fig. 9 shows a block diagram illustrating a second variant implementation of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 10 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor and freezer fan in Fig. 11 shows a block diagram illustrating a third embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 12 shows a block diagram illustrating the fourth embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 13 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, a fan of the freezing chamber fan and the refrigerating chamber according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention;

in Fig. 14 shows a block diagram illustrating the fifth embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 15 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, a fan of the freezing chamber fan and the refrigerating chamber according to the fifth implementation variant of the present invention;

in Fig. 16 shows a block diagram illustrating the sixth embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 17 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, fan R>
in Fig. 18 shows a block diagram illustrating the seventh embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 19 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, a fan of the freezing chamber fan and the refrigerating chamber according to the seventh implementation variant of the present invention;

in Fig. 20 shows a block diagram illustrating the eighth embodiment of the method of controlling the refrigerator and N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention;

in Fig. 21 shows a time chart illustrating the operation of the compressor, a fan of the freezing chamber fan and the refrigerating chamber according to the eighth implementation variant of the present invention;

in Fig. 22, 23, 24 and 25 shows a flowchart illustrating the ninth option tenth, eleventh and twelfth embodiments of the method of controlling the cooling and N. I. cycle according to the present invention.

Description cooling with N. I. cycle, which is the subject of the present invention, will now be made in detail with reference to drawings 4, 5 and 6.

As shown in Fig. 4, the refrigerator 20 with N. I. cycle is Sousa in the lower part and the refrigerating chamber 23, located in the upper part, in order to prevent mixing between the chilled air generated in each cell. In other words, the freezing chamber 22 and a refrigerating chamber 23 separated from each other by the median septum 24 and each of them is equipped with a door of the freezing chamber 25 and the door of the refrigerating chamber 26 is designed to open and close them. In this case, you can see that is not represented is no channel for the flow of cooled air, linking the freezing and refrigerating chambers, while in the middle of the partition wall 24, in contrast to current practice, is not provided for the reverse channel, the first heat exchanger or evaporator 27 and the fan cooling chamber 28 (below referred to as "fan of the refrigerating chamber") placed in the rear wall of the refrigerating chamber 23 and the second heat exchanger or evaporator 29 and a fan of the freezing chamber 30 (below referred to as "fan freezer") installed on the rear wall of the freezing chamber 22, and the fan each camera contains a fan motor. The compressor 31 is installed in the lower part of the Cabinet.

Refrigeration N. I. the cycle of the refrigerator, which is pout and second evaporators 27 and 29 are connected to each other in series, forming a single closed path. Fan cooling chambers 28 and a fan of the freezing chamber 30 mounted respectively near the first and second evaporators 27 and 29. As the flow of refrigerant in the direction indicated by the arrow, to implement the inherent phase transformations to its partial evaporation in the first and second evaporators 27 and 29, with the absorption of heat from the air and generate chilled air. Circulation of cooled air in the refrigerating chamber 23 and the freezing chamber 22 is carried out by means of a suitably fan cooling chambers 28 and fan of the freezing chamber 30.

In the refrigerator a suitable refrigerant such as CFC-12 or HFC-134a, etc., the Phase change of the refrigerant are explained as follows: the refrigerant compressed in the compressor 31 at high temperature and high pressure. The compressed refrigerant flows to the condenser 32 for condensation by heat exchange with ambient air. The refrigerant passes through the capillary tube 33 or the expansion valve to decrease the pressure. After that, the refrigerant evaporates, alternately passing through the first and second evaporators 27 and 29, and the first and second evaporators consistently saadawi through the first evaporator 27, evaporates partially and then sent to the second evaporator 29, so that the transfer in gaseous form the remainder of the refrigerant. Completely converted to gaseous form, the refrigerant enters the compressor 31, thus completing the refrigeration N. I. cycle. Refrigeration N. I. the cycle repeats, based on the work of the compressor 31.

As shown above, refrigerator, N. I. cycle contains two evaporator and two fan and uses it as the working fluid one refrigerant. In accordance with this do not need such sites as the separator gas from the fluid between the evaporator and the valve for controlling the direction of the flow of refrigerant, the sequential placement of evaporators simplifies the installation of pipes for the cooling cycle. Use one of the refrigerant is an important advantage for mass production of refrigerators, because changing the operating characteristics of the refrigeration cycle is not present in the manufacturing procedures according to the distribution of sealed refrigerant, as if you had used a mixed refrigerant. Even when using a single refrigerant evaporation temperature varies according to the temperature of the air passing through the evaporator, paniego through the second evaporator, relatively lower evaporation temperature in the second evaporator is low. Consequently, it is possible to reduce the temperature difference between the periods before and after the operation of cooling in order to reduce the irreversible thermodynamic losses.

As shown in Fig. 6, the control unit refrigerator with N. I. cycle according to the present invention can be described as follows: the control unit 35 includes a door switch 36 that defines open or closed door, the temperature sensor 37 of the refrigerating chamber, designed to determine the temperature of the refrigerating chamber, the temperature sensor 38 freezers, designed to determine the temperature of the freezing chamber, the temperature sensor 39 outdoor air temperature sensor 40, the first cooling surface and the sensor 40' of the second cooling surface, connected to the input part, entering through this the electrical signals detected by the switch and sensors. The control unit 35 also includes a first switch 41, the second switch 42 and the third switch 43 is electrically connected to its output part, so that respectively turn on and off the compressor 31, a fan of the refrigerating chamber 28,the switch 42 and the third switch 43 with the purpose of turning on and off of the compressor 31, fan cooling chambers 28 and fan of the freezing chamber 30. This provides independent control of a compressor 31, a fan of the refrigerating chamber 28 and a fan of the freezing chamber 30.

The control unit 35 controls the operation of the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers so that if the temperature determined by the temperature sensor freezers, exceeds a preset and suitable for storing frozen food temperature, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers are included. Conversely, if it is not, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers off. In this case, set the freezer temperature indicates the temperature range of the camera, for example, -15 to -21oC for the freezer, within which the user can select any value from among -21oC (deep freeze), -18oC (average freezing) and -15oC (weak freezing). In addition, the set temperature of the refrigerating chamber means of the temperature range, for example from 6 to -1oC for the refrigerator compartment, within which the user can choose l is the group).

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the freezer temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing and the temperature of the refrigerating chamber exceeds a predetermined cooling temperature, if the temperature determined by the temperature sensor of the second cooling surface, higher than the temperature in the freezer, the unit controls the duration of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, prolonging it as long as the temperature of the temperature sensor of the second cooling surface is below the temperature of the freezing chamber.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the freezer temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing and the temperature of the refrigerating chamber exceeds a predetermined cooling temperature, turn on the compressor, however, the management of each of the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers is carried out according to the temperatures of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the temperature froze the second cooling temperature, first include the compressor and fan cooling chamber for cooling the refrigerating chamber, and then, if the temperature of the refrigerating chamber below a predetermined temperature cooling, the activation of the compressor and fan freezer to cool the freezer.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the temperature of the refrigerating chamber exceeds the set temperature cooling by cooling of the freezing chamber, the activation of the compressor and fan freezer together with fan cooling chambers for performing cooling to a constant temperature of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the temperature of the refrigerating chamber becomes higher than a predetermined temperature cooling by a certain amount during the initial operation, turn on the fan of the refrigerating chamber along with fan freezers order to increase the speed of cooling of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. At this time, it is desirable that the temperature of the refrigerating chamber was above specified the natives way of managing the system, namely, that when the freezer temperature during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber becomes higher than the set temperature of the freezing by a certain amount during the initial operation, turn on the fan freezer along with fan cooling chamber to cool the freezing and refrigerating chambers. At this time, it is desirable that the freezer temperature was above the set temperature freeze for 1 to 5oC, preferably at a 2oC.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system, namely, that when the freezer temperature during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber becomes higher than a predetermined temperature freezing at a certain value during normal operation, turn on the fan freezer along with fan cooling chamber to cool the freezing and refrigerating chambers. At the same time, if the temperature of the refrigerating chamber during the cooling of the freezing chamber during normal operation becomes higher than the set temperature cooling by a certain amount, is the fan cooling chamber along with the round fan. At this time, it is desirable that the freezer temperature was above the set temperature freeze for 1 to 5oC, preferably at a 2oC.

The control unit uses another method of controlling the system in which it determines whether the state of the external air surrounding the refrigerator, the overload condition set beforehand based on the characteristics of the refrigerator, and if the state of the camera beyond the specified temperature, recognized as suitable for food storage, but both cameras can be cooled at the same time, it is not an overload condition. Thus, fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers are used together to perform cooling with a constant temperature of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If cooling both cameras together will be difficult, use only one of the number of fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers for pre-cooling of the corresponding camera. Thus, if the state of the external air surrounding the refrigerator, corresponds to the overload condition, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers is carried out according to one invention, since the modes of the original work, including work overload, adapted to a range of implementation options, pointing modes normal operation of the refrigerator as the following:

According to a fully automated operation and method of management, including the mode of original work, including the mode of operation in overload condition, as shown in Fig.22, the first control system performs the operation 351 mapping ambient temperature of the refrigerator outdoor air TAwith reference outdoor temperature TAS(below referred to as "reference temperature"), which is regarded as the standard in determining whether does the condition of outdoor air handling fan or not. In other words, the reference temperature means that outside air does not have a high temperature, which could overload the refrigerator during normal operation. In particular, the reference temperature may be regarded as causing some changes in the method of operation of the refrigerator in the summer, when it is determined in this case, the temperature range of approximately 30 - 35oC, predi from the performance and condition of the refrigerator. If the outside temperature TAabove the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 passes in the sequence A, as shown in Fig. 9, which corresponds to the second variant of realization. Explanation of the sequence A are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the outside temperature TAabove the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 goes into operation 352 to map the freezing temperature TFwith reference freezing temperature TRFand cooling temperature TRwith reference cooling temperature TRR. In this case, it is noted that the determination of the reference temperature is used to establish a different temperature range, similar to the temperature range of the camera within certain limits, shifted beyond the specified temperature range. For example, the reference cooling temperature is indicated as the temperature range of the offset temperature from the set temperature has cooled down to a temperature that users may perceive as heated air. At this time, the preferred range is from 7 to 15oC, more preferably 10ooC, preferably -10oC.

If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the reference freezing temperature TFRand the cooling temperature TRexceeds the reference cooling temperature TRRthe operation 352 passes in sequence B, as shown in Fig. 16, which corresponds to the sixth implementation variant. Explanation sequence B are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the freezing temperature TFbelow the reference freezing temperature TFRor cooling temperature TRbelow the reference temperature cooling TRRthe operation 352 moves in the sequence C, as shown in Fig. 9, which corresponds to the second variant of realization. Explanation sequence C are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

As described above, according to the first control system initial operation mode, when the outdoor temperature exceeds the reference temperature, is the simultaneous cooling of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. At this time, if those who kladyvaetsya until while the surface temperature of the second evaporator is below the freezing temperature. This prevents the opposite effect of increasing the temperature of the freezing chamber. In addition, if the outside temperature exceeds the reference temperature, determined over the temperature of each camera corresponding to the reference temperature. At this time, if the temperature of each chamber below the reference temperature, the freezing and refrigerating chambers simultaneously cooled in the first time point in order to achieve the set temperature. However, if the freezing and refrigerating chambers together are cooled when the temperature of each chamber exceeds the reference temperature must be cooled by any number of freezing and refrigerating chambers, because it is difficult to cool the camera to the preset temperature. Therefore, the ninth embodiment makes it possible to first cool one camera and then the other camera, so that both cameras can be quickly chilled with achieving specified for these temperatures.

As shown in Fig. 23, the second control system performs the operation 351 mapping ambient temperature of the refrigerator outside in A above the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 passes in the sequence A, as shown in Fig. 11, which corresponds to the third version of the implementation. Explanation of the sequence A are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the outside temperature TAbelow the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 goes into operation 352 to map the freezing temperature TFwith reference freezing temperature TRFand cooling temperature TRwith reference cooling temperature TRR. After that, if the freezing temperature TFexceeds the reference freezing temperature TFRand the cooling temperature TRexceeds the reference cooling temperature TRRthe operation 352 passes in sequence B, as shown in Fig. 16, which corresponds to the sixth implementation variant. Explanation sequence B are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the freezing temperature TFbelow the reference freezing temperature TFRor cooling temperature TRbelow the reference temperature cooling TRRthe operation 352 moves egovernance C are omitted, but it will be described in detail below.

As described above, according to the second control system initial operation mode, when the outdoor temperature exceeds the reference temperature, the cooling of the freezing and refrigerating chambers separately. Then, if the outdoor temperature is below the reference temperature, define, below whether the temperature of each camera corresponding to the reference temperature. If the temperature of each chamber below the reference temperature, the freezing and refrigerating chambers is first cooled in order to achieve the set temperature. If the temperature of each chamber above the reference temperature must be cooled by any number of freezing and refrigerating chambers, so that both cameras can be quickly chilled with achieving specified for these temperatures.

As shown in Fig. 24, the third control system performs the operation 351 mapping ambient temperature of the refrigerator outdoor air TAwith reference outdoor temperature TAS. If the outside temperature TAabove the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 enters posledovati A here omitted, but it will be described in detail below.

If the outside temperature TAbelow the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 goes into operation 352 to map the freezing temperature TFwith reference freezing temperature TRFand cooling temperature TRwith reference cooling temperature TRR. After that, if the freezing temperature TFexceeds the reference freezing temperature TFRand the cooling temperature TRexceeds the reference cooling temperature TRRthe operation 352 passes in sequence B, as shown in Fig. 16, which corresponds to the sixth implementation variant. Explanation sequence B are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the freezing temperature TFbelow the reference freezing temperature TFRor cooling temperature TRbelow the reference temperature cooling TRRthe operation 352 moves in the sequence C, as shown in Fig. 9, which corresponds to the second variant of realization. Explanation sequence C are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

As described above, according to the third is than the reference temperature, when an abnormal condition of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, first cool the refrigerating chamber and then cooled freezer after cooling temperature is below the set temperature cooling. Then, if the outdoor temperature is below the reference temperature, define, below whether the temperature of each camera corresponding to the reference temperature. If the temperature of each chamber below the reference temperature, the freezing and refrigerating chambers are cooled together in order to achieve the set temperature. If the temperature of each chamber above the reference temperature must be cooled by any number of freezing and refrigerating chambers, so that both cameras can be quickly chilled with achieving specified for these temperatures.

As shown in Fig. 25, the fourth control system performs the operation 351 mapping ambient temperature of the refrigerator outdoor air TAwith reference outdoor temperature TAS. If the outside temperature TAabove the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 passes in the sequence A, as shown in Fig. 20, which corresponds to the eighth Ba2">

If the outside temperature TAbelow the reference temperature TASthe operation 351 goes into operation 352 to map the freezing temperature TFwith reference freezing temperature TRFand cooling temperature TRwith reference cooling temperature TRR. After that, if the freezing temperature TFexceeds the reference freezing temperature TFRand the cooling temperature TRexceeds the reference cooling temperature TRRthe operation 352 passes in sequence B, as shown in Fig. 16, which corresponds to the sixth implementation variant. Explanation sequence B are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

If the freezing temperature TFbelow the reference freezing temperature TFRor cooling temperature TRbelow the reference temperature cooling TRRthe operation 352 moves in the sequence C, as shown in Fig. 9, which corresponds to the second variant of realization. Explanation sequence C are omitted here, but it will be described in detail below.

As described above, according to the fourth management system initial Regina condition of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, first cool the refrigerating chamber and then cooled freezer after as the cooling temperature is below the set temperature cooling. Consequently, this allows to maintain a constant temperature in the freezing and refrigerating chambers. Then, when the outdoor temperature is below the reference temperature, define, below whether the temperature of each camera corresponding to the reference temperature. If the temperature of each chamber below the reference temperature, the freezing and refrigerating chambers is first cooled together in order to achieve the set temperature. If the temperature of each chamber above the reference temperature must be cooled by any number of freezing and refrigerating chambers, so that both cameras can be quickly chilled with achieving specified for these temperatures.

On the other hand, the normal modes according to the present invention are as follows.

The first implementation.

As shown in Fig. 7 and 8, the control unit 35 compares during the operation 211 temperature TFfreezers with a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSoperation 211 proceeds to operation 212 juxta posing is whether the cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling TRS, control passes to operation 213 the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. This means using the freezing and refrigerating chambers with undesirable high temperature, but, as shown in Fig. 8A, both cameras are cooled at the same time to take advantage of the speed of cooling. This situation occurs when both cameras are often used at higher ambient temperature surrounding the refrigerator, or in a situation when you begin to use the fridge after a long period of inactivity.

If the cooling temperature TRin operation 212 is below the set temperature cooling TRS, control proceeds to operation 214 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. Then, after the operation 214 is returning to operation 212. In this case the freezer is kept in normal condition, the refrigerator compartment is not supported in the normal state. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 8B, first used the compressor and fan the freezer, and then is used is higher than the set temperature cooling. Operation 213 passes to operation 215 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSoperation 215 is returned to operation 212. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSoperation 215 proceeds to operation 216 the compressor and fan freezer. This means that during operation 213, if the cooling temperature becomes lower than the set cooling temperature, the cooling of the refrigerating chamber is terminated. Similarly, if the freezing temperature is below the set temperature of the freezing stopped cooling the freezer. As is usually the first cool the refrigerating chamber operation 214 is performed to stop the cooling of the refrigerating chamber, as shown in Fig. 8A.

If the freezing temperature TFduring the operation 211 is below the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 217 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith the second predetermined cooling temperature TRS2, Kotor is hladiny TRexceeds the second predetermined cooling temperature TRS2the control unit performs an operation 216 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRwill be in operation 217 below the second predetermined temperature cooling TRS2the operation 217 passes to operation 218 terminating operation of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. During the operation 216 freezer kept in normal conditions, and the refrigerating chamber is in abnormal conditions of high temperature. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 8C, first apply the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber provided that the freezer is cooled according to its current state. In other words, after cooling chamber is cooled below the set temperature, the freezer can cool down along with a freezer, if the freezer temperature is above the set temperature of the freezing.

Operation 216 enters the matching operation of the refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature UB> below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSoperation 216 proceeds to operation 220 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSoperation 220 returns to operation 212. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit performs an operation 216 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer.

Operation 218 passes in operation 221 to determine whether the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESbelow the 0oC, the operation 221 passes to operation 222 turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, as well as the defrosting of the first evaporator. In other words, the use of fan cooling chamber leads to the removal of frost from the first evaporator directly after turning on the compressor, when the freezing and refrigerating chambers are in good condition. This means impoliteness does not work. As shown in Fig. 8A, 8B and 8C, immediately after turning off the compressor operates only fan of the refrigerating chamber, so that the cooling air having a relatively higher temperature, is passed through the first evaporator to remove frost as well as for cooling the refrigerating chamber. Therefore, it is possible not only to refuse a separate electric heater, which consumes energy, it and prevent excessive temperature rise.

As shown above, according to the first variant implementation of the invention in the case of deviations from the normal state and the freezing and refrigerating chambers they are cooled together, thereby increasing the rate of cooling of both cameras (see Fig. 8A). In addition, as shown in Fig. 8B and 8C, if the condition of the freezer is not normal, and the condition of the refrigerating chamber is normal, you are cooling the freezer. On the other hand, if it is not the normal state of the refrigerating chamber and the freezing chamber is in good condition, it first checks the cooling of the refrigerating chamber. This means that during the cooling of the freezing chamber temperature of the refrigerating chamber supported the RA of the freezing chamber is maintained at a level below the set temperature of the freezing. In addition, as soon as switch on the compressor, is only the defrosting of the first evaporator using air cooling chambers.

The second implementation.

As shown in Fig. 9 and 10, the control unit 35 compares during the operation 231 temperature TFfreezers with a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSthe operation 231 passes to operation 232 mapping refrigeration temperature TRthe refrigerating chamber with a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling TRS, control passes to operation 233 mapping freezing temperature TFand surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator. If the freezing temperature TFhigher surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator (preferably, the freezing temperature TFwas higher than the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator 1 5oC, preferably 2oC), the control unit proceeds to operation 234 the compressor and freezer fan and FE the second evaporator, the control unit proceeds to operation 235 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. In other words, if in the freezing and refrigerating chambers observed undesirable deviation conditions from normal operation 234 is performed to increase the cooling rate of each camera. This means that when the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator is greater than the freezing temperature TFas shown in Fig. 10A, fan freezer is applied after a delay for a certain time t, providing, thus, saving energy. This situation occurs in cases where the residual refrigerant passes through the condenser and the capillary tube at a high temperature and high pressure and enters the first and second evaporators to the compressor turns off after normal operation, particularly when the surface temperature of the second evaporator is higher than the temperature of freezing. At this time, the use of fan freezer gives the opposite result, in which the temperature of the freezer rather increases. In this regard, the fan freezer S="ptx2">

If the cooling temperature TRduring the operation 232 is below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSoperation 232 proceeds to operation 236 mapping freezing temperature TFwith surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator. If the freezing temperature TFhigher surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator (preferably, the freezing temperature TFwas higher than the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator 1 5oC, preferably 2oC), the control unit proceeds to operation 237 the compressor and fan the freezer when you turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. On the other hand, if the freezing temperature TFbelow the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator, the control unit proceeds to operation 238 fans off the freezing and refrigerating chambers and include only the compressor. In other words, if in the freezer deviate from the norm, and the cooling chamber is maintained in a normal state, is a mapping between a freezing temperature and the surface temperature of the second evaporator to determine whether the line is the freezing temperature TFduring the operation 231 exceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 239 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith the second predetermined cooling temperature TRS2that is higher than the set cooling temperature TRSby a certain amount from 1 to 5oC. If the cooling temperature TRexceeds the second predetermined cooling temperature TRS2the operation 239 jumps to operation 235 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRwill be below the second predetermined temperature cooling TRS2the operation 239 jumps to operation 240 terminating operation of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

After operations 234 and 235, the control unit proceeds to operation 241 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSthe operation 241 returns to operation 233. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSblock aptenia TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a given cooling temperature TRSafter the operation 242 is returning to operation 235. If the cooling temperature TRbelow the preset cooling temperature TRS, the operation returns to operation 240. Then operation 240 goes into operation 243 to map the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator with 0oC. If the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 244 off compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, as well as for defrosting of the first evaporator, as described in the first variant of realization. Then, after the operation 244, the return to operations 243. If the surface temperature TFEthe second evaporator is above the 0oC, the return from the operation 243 for surgery 231.

As shown above, according to the second variant implementation of the invention in the case of deviations from the normal state and the freezing and refrigerating chambers they are cooled together, thereby increasing the rate of cooling of both cameras. In particular, if the surface temperature of the second I a certain period, while the surface temperature of the second evaporator is below the freezing temperature. This prevents reverse effect of increasing the temperature in the freezer. Other effective effects are the same as in the first embodiment of implementation.

The third embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 11, the control unit starts operation 251 order to determine whether exceeds the freezing temperature TFgiven freezing temperature TFSor not larger than the cooling temperature TRset the cooling temperature TRS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSor cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 252 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRexceeds the set temperature cooling TRSthe operation 252 goes into operation 253 to map the freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given temperaturesalinity and refrigerating chambers. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 255 to activate the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer.

On the other hand, if the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 252 jumps to operation 256 to map the freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSit returns to operation 256 on the operation 251. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 257 to turn on the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. In other words, even if any of the freezing or refrigerating chambers appeared deviation conditions from the norm, the compressor continues to operate, while simultaneously determines whether to operate the fan freezer and/or fan of the refrigerating chamber. After returning from operations 254,brought about by both cameras, freezing and refrigeration. The compressor is activated mainly in the case when the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling regardless of the temperature of freezing. In this case, it means that the cooling chamber is often used and the temperature increases after switching off the compressor. Thus, in the case when it is necessary to cool both cameras respectively, the second implementation has the advantage that the cooling of each camera is independently in order to maintain the set temperature.

If during the operation 251, the cooling temperature TRis below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSor the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 258 to turn on the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. Operation 258 goes into operation 259 to determine whether exceeds the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the operation 259 passes in operation 260 disable the compressor and the first evaporator. Then there is the return from the operation 260 for surgery 259. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is above the 0oC, is the return from the operation 259 for surgery 251.

As shown above, the third embodiment is designed to control each camera independently, thus allowing to maintain in each cell the set temperature.

The fourth embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 12 and 13, during operation 261 determines whether exceeds the freezing temperature TFgiven freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 262 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit performs the operation 263 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit performs an operation 264 the compressor and fans to the th version of the implementation is the cooling of the refrigerating chamber before freezer, when all the cells observed deviation from normal conditions. At this time, the temperature in the second evaporator is greater than the cooling temperature and the temperature in the first evaporator is lower than the temperature of the cooling, or the difference between the temperatures of the first evaporator and the refrigerating chamber is less than that between the temperature of the second evaporator and the freezer. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 13A, after the first will be cooled refrigerating chamber, and then sufficiently reduced temperature of the second evaporator, fan freezer is used for cooling the freezer. Therefore, despite the fact that the freezing temperature below the temperature of the second evaporator, it can reduce the negative effects caused by the operation of the fan freezer, and reduce energy consumption. In other words, when the compressor is switched on according to the temperature of freezing, the temperature of the second evaporator is greater than the freezing temperature and the temperature of the first evaporator is maintained at below freezing temperature. At this time, in the case of fan freezer, since the temperature of the second evaporator temperature exceeds zamorajivanie use fan cooling chamber, since the temperature of the first evaporator is lower than the temperature of the cooling. This means lower energy consumption.

On the other hand, after the operation 263 return to operation 262. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 264 to map the freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. In other words, if the freezer is observed deviation conditions from the norm, and in the refrigerating chamber from the outset supported normal conditions, the compressor and the freezer fan of the camera work, while a fan of the refrigerating chamber is turned off, as shown in Fig. 13B. However, if the refrigerating chamber is transferred to the normal state by cooling when the deviation of the condition from normal in the freezing and cooling chambers, the control unit performs an operation 264 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. Moreover, the situation shown in Fig. 13B, may occur when the temperature is freezing increases relatively faster than the temperature of the cooling or freezer hour is Inoi temperature.

Then the control unit switches the operation 265 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 264 to enable the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit performs the operation 266 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. In addition, if the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit performs the operation 266.

Operation 266 goes into operation 267 to determine whether exceeds the first surface temperature TFSthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TFSthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 268 to turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, and also to effect the defrosting of the first evaporator. Conversely, if the first surface temperature T

The fifth embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 14 and 15, during operation 271 determines whether exceeds the freezing temperature TFgiven freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 272 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 273 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit performs the operation 267 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber.

If the control passes to operation 274 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. In other words, if the freezer is observed deviation conditions from the norm, and in the refrigerating chamber from the outset supported normal conditions, the compressor and the freezer fan of the camera work, while a fan of the refrigerating chamber is turned off, as shown in Fig. 15B. However, if the refrigerating chamber is transferred to the normal state by cooling when the deviation of the condition from normal in the freezing and cooling chambers, the control unit performs an operation 274 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber, as shown in Fig. 15A. Operation 274 passes in operation 275 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 275 goes into operation 276 the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. Then during the operation, 277 determine whether exceeds the cooling temperature TRset the cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 279 inclusion of 277 cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 277 passes to operation 278 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 278 for surgery 276 to turn on the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe operation 278 passes to operation 280 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. On the other hand, the operation 279 goes into operation 281 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 281 for surgery 277 to match the cooling temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe operation 281 passes to operation 280 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

Fwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 282 to operation 274. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 280 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. Similarly, if the freezing temperature TFduring the operation 271 is below the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe control unit jumps to operation 280 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

As shown above, if the difference of conditions in the freezing and refrigerating chambers from the normal fifth embodiment of the invention makes it possible to first cool the refrigerating chamber with subsequent cooling of the freezing chamber when the cooling temperature becomes the set temperature or cooling from the very beginning is normal, as in the fourth embodiment, implementation, therefore, the fifth embodiment allows for cooling of the freezing and refrigerating chambers at a constant temperature as the freezing calamari becomes higher than the preset temperature cooling. This means that this embodiment has additional advantages compared to the fourth variant of realization.

On the other hand, the operation 280 goes into operation 283, in order to determine whether exceeds the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 284 to turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, and also to effect the defrosting of the first evaporator, as in the other implementations.

The sixth embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 16 and 17, during the operation, 291 determines whether exceeds the freezing temperature TFgiven freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 292 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith the second predetermined cooling temperature TRS2that exceeds the set temperature cooling TRSon opredelenijaja the transition from the operation 272 for surgery 293 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRbelow the second predetermined temperature cooling TRS2the operation 292 passes in operation 294 the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

In other words, if the freezer is observed deviation conditions from the norm by determining the freezing temperature, first, regardless of the current state is the cooling of the refrigerating chamber. Then, if the cooling temperature reaches the second predetermined temperature, cooling, higher than the set cooling temperature by a certain amount, begin cooling the freezer. This prevents the delay cooling freezer associated with delayed cooling of the refrigerating chamber. At this time, it is desirable that the second preset cooling temperature exceeded the set temperature cooling 1 - 5oC, in particular at the 5oC. Therefore, even before the cooling temperature reaches the set temperature cooling is the cooling of the freezing chamber, increasing, thus, the cooling rate of each camera. You may encounter this situation at the beginning of the work.

After the operation 294 second cooling TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 295 passes in operation 296 mapping freezing temperature TFc given freezing temperature TFS. However, if the cooling temperature TRduring the operation 295 is below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 297 the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber. If the freezing temperature TFduring the operation 296 will be above a given freezing temperature TFSthe operation 296 returns to operation 294 the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthe operation 296 passes in operation 298 off the compressor and fan freezers. On the other hand, the operation 297 goes into operation 299 mapping freezing temperature TFc given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFabove a given freezing temperature TFSis returning from surgery 299 for surgery 295. E. regedit for surgery 298 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

On the other hand, the operation 298 passes to operation 300, in order to determine whether exceeds the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 300 to turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, and also to effect the defrosting of the first evaporator.

As described above, if the freezer is observed deviation from normal conditions by determining the freezing temperature, the cooling of the refrigerating chamber begins regardless of its current state. Therefore, the sixth embodiment can, like the other option, to provide energy savings and, as expected, can improve the efficiency of the compressor by reducing the duration of its working time. In addition, when the cooling temperature reaches the second predetermined temperature, cooling, higher than the set cooling temperature starts cooling of the refrigerating chamber, thereby improving the cooling rate of each camera.

The seventh embodiment.Fgiven freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 312 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 313 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 314 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber.

Operation 313 proceeds to operation 315 mapping freezing temperature TFwith the second predetermined freezing temperature TFS2that given above freezing temperature TFSby a certain amount. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the second predetermined freezing temperature TFS2it returns from operation 315 to operation 312. If the freezing temperature TFabove the second predetermined temperaturiniai and refrigerating chambers. In other words, as shown in Fig. 19A, when the deviation terms in the freezing and refrigerating chambers from the normal first cooled refrigerating chamber. Then, in order to prevent a sharp increase in freezing temperature during cooling of the refrigerating chamber is used, the fan freezer, when the temperature of freezing becomes a second predetermined freezing temperature exceeding the set temperature of the freezing. This situation occurs when frequent use of freezing during cooling of the refrigerating chamber. At this time, it is desirable that the second preset temperature is freezing exceeded the specified temperature freeze for 1 to 5oC, in particular in the 2oC.

Operation 316 passes in operation 317 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 317 goes to operation 318 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. However, if during the operation 317 cooling temperature TRis below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSb the Oia fan of the refrigerating chamber. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 319 to operation 316 to turn on the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 319 to operation 320 to turn off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

In addition, the operation 319 goes into operation 321 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 321 to the operation 319. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 321 to operation 320 to turn off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. In addition, if during the operation 311 temperature TFis below the predetermined freezing temperature TFSthat is the leap from this operation to operation 320 to turn off the compressor and fan moreinnovative TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFS, returning from operation 322 to operation 314. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFS, returning from operation 322 to operation 320 to turn off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

Operation 320 proceeds to operation 323 to determine whether exceeds the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 324 to turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, and also to effect the defrosting of the first evaporator, as well as in another form of implementation described above.

As described above, if in the freezing and refrigerating chambers observed deviation from normal conditions, the first is the cooling of the refrigerating chamber and then freezers, which is carried out even during the cooling of the refrigeration Kato allows to maintain a constant temperature in the freezing and refrigerating chambers. In fact, the seventh embodiment provides for the use of methods initial cooling of the refrigerating chamber. This provides efficient use of energy. Operation of any of the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers reduces peak pressure of the compressor and increase the efficiency of the compressor.

The eighth embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 20 and 21, the eighth embodiment is a modification of the seventh embodiments of the invention. First, the control unit performs the operation 331 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSthe control unit proceeds to operation 332 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 333 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the fan freezer. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSblock uprawia of the refrigerating chamber.

Operation 333 passes to operation 335 mapping freezing temperature TFwith the second predetermined freezing temperature TFS2that given above freezing temperature TFSby a certain amount. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the second predetermined freezing temperature TFS2it returns from the operation 334 to operation 332. If the freezing temperature TFabove the second predetermined freezing temperature TFS2the control unit proceeds to operation 336, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. In other words, as shown in Fig. 21A, when the deviation terms in the freezing and refrigerating chambers from the normal first cooled refrigerating chamber. Then, in order to prevent a sharp increase in freezing temperature during cooling of the refrigerating chamber is used, the fan freezer, when the temperature of freezing becomes (second predetermined freezing temperature exceeding the set temperature of the freezing. This situation occurs when frequent use of freezing during cooling of the refrigerating chamber. At this time, it is desirable that the second set temperature is CLASS="ptx2">

Operation 336 goes into operation 337 mapping refrigeration temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRabove a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe operation 337 passes to operation 338 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given freezing temperature TFS. If the cooling temperature TRis below a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit proceeds to operation 334 to turn on the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. If the freezing temperature TFexceeds the freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 338 to operation 336 to turn on the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber. If the freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSit returns from the operation 338 for surgery 339 to turn off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

In addition, the operation 334 jumps to operation 340 mapping freezing temperature TFwith a given temperarure TFSoperation 340 goes into operation 341 to match the cooling temperature TRwith a given cooling temperature TRS. If the cooling temperature TRbelow a predetermined temperature cooling TRSthe control unit performs an operation of turning off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers. If the cooling temperature TRduring operation 341 above a predetermined temperature cooling TRSoperation performed 336. If the cooling temperature TRduring operation 341 below the set temperature cooling TRS, the operation 334. If during operation 331 freezing temperature TFbelow the predetermined freezing temperature TFSoperation performed 339 off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers.

Operation 339 passes to operation 342 for mapping a first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator with 0oC. If the first surface temperature TESthe first evaporator is below the 0oC, the control unit proceeds to operation 324 to turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan switch on the refrigerating chamber, and the nome above.

As described above, if in the freezing and refrigerating chambers observed deviation from normal conditions, the first is the cooling of the refrigerating chamber and then freezers, which is carried out even during the cooling of the refrigerating chamber when the temperature of freezing increases regardless of the level of cooling of the refrigerating chamber. This allows to maintain a constant temperature in the freezing and refrigerating chambers. In fact, the seventh embodiment provides for the use of methods initial cooling of the refrigerating chamber. This provides efficient use of energy. Operation of any of the fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers reduces peak pressure of the compressor and increase the efficiency of the compressor.

In accordance with the foregoing, the fridge, which is the subject of the present invention, consists of a single, independent of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, each of which contains an evaporator and a fan to circulate air with the appropriate management, so that decreases the temperature difference between the chamber and the evaporator, reducing due to this irreversible thermodynamic patiendy air from the cooling chamber can't get in the freezer, so that decreases the amount of frost deposited on the second evaporator, thereby improving the heat transfer efficiency of the second evaporator, the defrosting of the first evaporator is carried out using a relatively higher temperature during compressor shut-off, resulting in the circulation of melted moisture, forming a high humidity environment in the refrigerating chamber, which helps to preserve it for a long period of fresh food.

In addition, the invention provides independent, separated from each other by the freezing and refrigerating chambers, equipped with a cooling system for control of each chamber, and increasing, thus, the cooling rate of each camera.

In addition, the invention provides independent, separated from each other by the freezing and refrigerating chambers, equipped with a cooling system for independent control of each chamber, thereby increasing the speed of air circulation, as defined in each of the camera sensors to determine the exact temperature that allows you to respond quickly to the temperature increase.

In addition, the invention provides Nezavisimaia another smell stored in them food, such as pickled vegetables.

In addition, the invention provides a cooling system equipped with two successive evaporators and two pumps that can simplify the configuration of the refrigeration cycle and to use only one refrigerant, contributing to the improvement of mass production.

1. Refrigerator with high efficiency refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators (N. I. cycle) that includes a compressor for compressing refrigerant, a condenser for condensing the refrigerant, a capillary tube for expanding refrigerant of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other in order to cool separately, the first evaporator installed in this refrigerating chamber, a second evaporator, installed in series with the first evaporator in this freezer, cooling fan mounted in the refrigerating chamber to circulate air flowing from the first evaporator freezer fan in the freezer to ensure air circulation, coming from the second evaporator, the control unit, which controls the operation of the compressor and freezer fan and holodilnaya ambient temperature of the refrigerator air and the control unit is connected with the temperature sensor, outdoor air to determine the state of the outside air, at the same time cools the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if possible simultaneously and rapidly cooled two cameras based on certain condition outdoor air, or cools the first of the two chambers refrigerating chamber, if it is not possible to simultaneously and rapidly cooling both cameras are based on a certain condition outdoor air.

2. Refrigerator under item 1, characterized in that the refrigerator also includes a first sensor surface temperature to determine the surface temperature (i.e., surface temperature cooling) of the first evaporator and the second probe surface temperature to determine the surface temperature (i.e., surface freezing temperature) of the second evaporator, and a control unit electrically connected to the first and second sensors and switches the fan of the refrigerating chamber and turns off the compressor and fan freezer with the purpose of defrosting of the first evaporator when cooling temperature exceeds the temperature of the cooling surface of the first evaporator when stopping compre refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: mapping during the operation 211 freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storage in a freezer for food; mapping during operation 212 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storage in the refrigerator foods; the use of compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 213 the purpose of cooling and refrigeration, and freezers, if the cooling temperature will be higher than the set in operation 212, turning off the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber during operation 214, if the cooling temperature is below the cooling temperature set in operation 212, and then the operation 211; comparison of refrigeration temperature with a second predetermined cooling temperature exceeding the temperature I is below a predetermined temperature freezing; operation 216 the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the cooling temperature is higher than the second predetermined temperature cooling during operation 217, and the operation 218 turn off the compressor and fans refrigeration and freezers, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 217 is below the second predetermined temperature cooling.

4. The method according to p. 3, characterized in that it contains operations: comparison of freezing temperature with the preset temperature freezing during operation 215 after the operation 213; re-operation 212, if the temperature is freezing during operation 215 is higher than the predetermined temperature, freezing, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off fan of the freezing chamber during the operation 216, if the temperature is freezing during operation 215 is below the set temperature of the freezing.

5. The control method according to p. 4, characterized in that it contains operations: mapping refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling during the operation 219 after the operation 216; the operation a freezing temperature with a set temperature of freezing during the operation 220, if the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature for cooling operation 212, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 220 exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, and the operation 216 the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber and turn off the freezer, if the freezing temperature is below the set temperature of the freezing during operation 220.

6. The control method according to p. 3, characterized in that the second set during the operation 217 cooling temperature above a predetermined temperature cooling 1-5oC.

7. The control method according to p. 3, characterized in that it contains operations: mapping during surgery 221 after the operation 218 of the first surface temperature of the first evaporator with 0oC and turn off the compressor and fan the freezer and the fan of the refrigerating chamber during operation 222, if the first surface temperature is below 0oWith thereby effecting defrosting of the first evaporator.

8. The control method according to p. 3, characterized in that the preset freezing temperature ranges from -15 to -21oC, and the temperature of cooling from -1 to 6oC.

10. The control method under item 9, characterized in that step b) is performed when the temperature of freezing during the operation 231 is higher than the set temperature of the freezing when the temperature of cooling during operation 232 is higher than the set temperature cooling and, finally, when the temperature is freezing during the operation 233 is higher than the second surface temperature (i.e., surface temperature, measured surface sensor freezer evaporator) at a preset value 1-5oC.

11. The control method under item 9, characterized in that the program g) is performed when during the operation 291 temperature is above freezing given Temperatu operations 231 freezing temperature is above the set temperature of the freezing, when the temperature of cooling during operation 232 is higher than the set temperature cooling and, finally, when the temperature is freezing during the operation 233 is higher than the second surface temperature (i.e., surface temperature, measured surface sensor freezer evaporator) at a preset value 1-5oC.

13. The control method under item 9, characterized in that the reference outdoor temperature is 30-35oC.

14. The control method under item 9, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

15. The control method under item 9, characterized in that the reference freezing temperature ranges from -14 to -5oWith reference cooling temperature is 7-15oC.

16. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, characterized in that control is the future operations: A1) the mapping (351) outdoor air temperature with a reference temperature, preset as a reference to determine whether considered outside air as calling the overload of refrigerator; B1) if during the operation 351, the outdoor temperature is below the reference temperature, is the comparison of the freezing temperature with the preset temperature of freezing, which is above the freezing temperature, suitable for storing food in the freezer, matching cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, which is higher than the temperature of the cooling, suitable for storing food in the refrigerator, the compressor together with at least one fan from the number of the freezing and refrigerating fans, if any of the temperatures of freezing or cooling will be higher given; B1) if the outside temperature during the operation 351 is below the reference ambient temperature, during operation 352 compares the freezing temperature with a reference temperature of freezing, which is above the freezing temperature and the set temperature of the freezing and pre-installed as temperature, is able to perform the Noah temperature cooling which is above a predetermined temperature and cooling preset temperature, is able to perform the basic function of the refrigerating chamber; G1) the inclusion of the first compressor and the fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the freezer temperature exceeds the reference temperature of the freezing chamber and the cooling temperature during the operation B1 (352) exceeds the reference temperature cooling, and 1) turn on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation B1 (352) freezing temperature below the reference temperature is freezing and cooling temperature below the reference temperature is cooling.

17. The control method according to p. 16, characterized in that the program B1 includes the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers (during operation 254), when the temperature of the cooling and freezing of the preset values include the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber when the cooling temperature exceeds the specified (operation 252) and the freezing temperature below the specified (during the operation 253), or includes compressor and fan the freezer, when the cooling temperature below the specified (operation 252) and temperature ptx2">

18. The control method according to p. 16, wherein the step G1 is performed when the temperature of freezing during the operation 291 is higher than the set temperature of the freezing.

19. The control method according to p. 16, wherein the step D1 is performed, when the temperature is freezing during the operation 231 above the set temperature of the freezing, and during the operation 232 cooling temperature above a predetermined temperature cooling and, finally, the freezing temperature during the operation 233 is higher than the second surface temperature (i.e., the surface temperature measured by the sensor surface freezing of the evaporator) with the set value 1-5oC.

20. The control method according to p. 16, characterized in that the reference outdoor temperature is 30-35oC.

21. The control method according to p. 16, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

22. The control method according to p. 16, characterized in that the reference freezing temperature ranges from -14 to -5oWith reference cooling temperature ranges from 7 to 15oC.

23. JV the two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: A2) mapping (351) outdoor air temperature with a reference temperature of outdoor air is pre-specified as a reference to determine whether considered outside air as calling the overload of refrigerator; B2) mapping during surgery 271 freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storing food in the freezer, if during the operation A2 (351) the outdoor temperature is below the reference temperature of outside air; B2) mapping during the operation 272 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature cooling, suitable for storing food in the refrigerator, if during the operation 271 freezing temperature is above the set temperature freezing; G2) the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, is mpressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber during the operation 274, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 272 rises above the set temperature cooling; 2) mapping during surgery 275 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling after the operation 274 and turning during the operation 276 compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation 275 cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling; E2) mapping (351) if the outside temperature during step A2 (351) is below the reference temperature, freezing temperature with a reference temperature of freezing, which is above the freezing temperature and the set temperature of the freezing and installed as temperature, allowing to perform the main function of the freezing chamber, and the mapping (operation 352) refrigeration temperature with a reference temperature cooling, which is above the cooling temperature and the set temperature cooling and installed as temperature, allowing to perform the main function of the refrigerating chamber; g) first turning on the compressor and fan of the refrigerating chamber, if in step E2 (352) freezing temperature exceeds the reference temperature freezing and V freezing and cooling chambers for cooling the refrigerating and freezing chambers, if in step E2 (352) freezing temperature below the reference temperature is freezing and cooling temperature below the reference temperature is cooling.

24. The way to control p. 23, wherein the step g occurs when during the operation 291 freezing temperature is above the set temperature of the freezing.

25. The way to control p. 23, wherein the step D1 is performed, when the temperature is freezing during the operation 231 above the set temperature of the freezing, and during the operation 232 cooling temperature above a predetermined temperature cooling and, finally, the freezing temperature during the operation 233 is higher than the second surface temperature (i.e., the surface temperature measured by the sensor surface freezing of the evaporator) with the set value 1-5oC.

26. The way to control p. 23, characterized in that the reference outdoor temperature is 30-35oC.

27. The way to control p. 23, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

28. The way to control p. 23, ex the cooling - from 7 to 15oC.

29. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: A3) mapping (351) outdoor air temperature with a reference temperature of outdoor air is pre-specified as a reference to determine whether considered outside air as calling the overload of refrigerator; B3) if in step A3 (351) the outdoor temperature is above the reference temperature, the fan freezer together with fan cooling chamber (operation 336) when the freezing temperature reaches the second predetermined temperature freezing (operation 335), which is higher than the set temperature of the freezing, suitable for storing food in the freezer for a predetermined tempertantrum freezer (operation 336), if the cooling temperature is above the set temperature cooling (341), suitable for storing food in the refrigerator cooling freezer (operation 334); B3) if the outside temperature during the operation 351 is below the reference ambient temperature, during operation 352 compares the freezing temperature with a reference temperature of freezing, which is above the freezing temperature and the set temperature of the freezing and pre-installed as a temperature capable of performing the basic function of the freezer, as well as the comparison (operation 352) refrigeration temperature with a reference temperature cooling which is above a predetermined temperature and cooling preset temperature, is able to perform the basic function of the refrigerating chamber; G3) the inclusion of the first compressor and the fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the freezer temperature exceeds the reference temperature of the freezing chamber and the cooling temperature in step B1 (352) exceeds the reference temperature cooling; and 3) the inclusion of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers for cooling the refrigerating and freezing the RA cooling below the reference temperature is cooling.

30. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chamber and operating in a refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, and a refrigerator includes a compressor, a freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other, the first evaporator and the cooling fan installed in the refrigerating chamber, and a second evaporator and the freezer fan is installed in the freezing chamber, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: mapping during surgery 291 freezing temperature and the set temperature of the freezing, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off fan of the freezing chamber during the operation 292, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 291 rises above a predetermined temperature freezing; comparison after the operation 292 and during the operation 293 temperature cooling c second predetermined cooling temperature, which is higher than the defined temelini camera during the operation 292, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 293 rises above the second predetermined temperature, cooling, turning off the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 294, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 292 will be below the second predetermined temperature cooling; comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling during the operation 295 after the operation 194; comparison of freezing temperature during the operation 296 with a set temperature of the freezing, if during the operation 295 cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling and the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber during the operation, 297, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 295 below the set temperature cooling.

31. The control method under item 30, wherein the second desired cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling 1-5oC.

32. The control method according to p. 30, characterized in that it contains operations: turning on the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 294, if during the operation 296 determines that the temperature for the refrigerating chambers during the operation 298, if during the operation 296 determines that the freezing temperature below the set temperature of the freezing.

33. The control method according to p. 30, characterized in that it contains operations: comparison of freezing temperature with a set temperature of freezing during the operation 299 after the operation 297; comparison of cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling during the operation 295, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 299 rises above the set temperature of the freezing and shutting down the compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 298, if during the operation 299 freezing temperature is below the set temperature of the freezing.

34. The control method according to p. 30, characterized in that it contains operations: off compressor and fan of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 298, if the temperature is below freezing given during the operation, 291 freezing temperature.

35. The control method according to p. 34, characterized in that it contains operations: mapping the first surface temperature with 0oIn the course of the operation 300 after the operation 298 and the compressor turns off and ventilata temperature during the operation below 300 0oWith thereby effecting defrosting of the first evaporator.

36. The control method under item 30, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

37. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, and a refrigerator includes a compressor, a freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other, the first evaporator and the cooling fan installed in the refrigerating chamber, and a second evaporator and the freezer fan is installed in the freezing chamber, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: mapping during the operation 231 freezing temperature and the set temperature of the freezing and during the operation 232 refrigeration temperature and the set temperature cooling; mapping during surgery the Torah freezer for a certain period, if during the operation 232, the cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature for cooling, the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 234, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 233 is higher than the second surface temperature, turning off the compressor and fan cooling chamber during the operation 235, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 233 will be below the second surface temperature; comparison during the operation 236 freezing temperature with the second surface temperature in order to delay the application of the fan freezer for a certain period, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 231 exceeds the set temperature of the freezing and cooling temperature during operation 232 below the set temperature cooling, the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber during the operation, 237, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 236 exceeds the second surface temperature; and turning the compressor on and off fans, refrigerators and freezers during the operation 238, if the temperature is freezing during operationerror operations: mapping during surgery 241 freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing after operations 234 and 235; the operation 233 comparing the freezing temperature with the second surface temperature, if the temperature is freezing during the operation exceeds the set temperature of the freezing; mapping during surgery 242 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if during the operation 241 freezing temperature is below the set temperature freezing; the operation 235, if the cooling temperature during the operation 242 exceeds the set temperature cooled off during the operation 240 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation 24 cooling temperature below the set temperature cooling.

39. The way to control p. 37, characterized in that it contains operations: mapping during surgery 239 refrigeration temperature with a second predetermined cooling temperature, which is higher than the set temperature cooling by a certain amount, if during the operation 231 freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off during the operation 235 compressor and fan cooling chambers and off fan of freezer compartment if the temperature obliterator and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 239 will be below the second predetermined temperature cooling.

40. The control method according to p. 39, wherein the second desired cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling 1-5oC.

41. The control method according to p. 29, characterized in that the reference outdoor temperature is 30-35oC.

42. The way to control p. 37, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

43. The way to control p. 37, characterized in that it also contains operations: comparison of freezing temperature during the operation 236 to the second surface temperature in order to delay the application of the fan freezer for a certain period, if during the operation 231 freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing and cooling temperature during operation 232 below the set temperature cooling, turning off the compressor and turn off fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers during the operation 238, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 236 will be NII and off fan of the refrigerating chamber during the operation, 237, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 236 exceeds the second surface temperature.

44. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, and a refrigerator includes a compressor, a freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other, the first evaporator and the cooling fan installed in the refrigerating chamber and the second evaporator and the freezer fan is installed in the freezing chamber, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: the determination in operation 251 does not exceed the temperature of the freezing set temperature of the freezing or over temperature cooling set temperature cooling; if the freezing temperature exceeds the set temperature of the freezing or cooling temperature exceeds the set temperature cooling mapping during the operation 252 t the flow above a predetermined temperature cooling mapping during the operation 253 freezing temperature with a given freezing temperature; if the temperature is above freezing set temperature of the freezing, turning during the operation 254 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, and if the temperature is freezing during the operation 253 is below the set temperature of the freezing, the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off during the operation 255 fan freezer.

45. The control method according to p. 44, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during operation 256 freezing temperature with a set temperature of freezing if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 252 is below a predetermined temperature cooling; inclusion during the operation 257 compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature is freezing during operations 256 rises above a predetermined temperature freezing; and the operation 251, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 256 is below the set temperature of the freezing.

46. The control method according to p. 44, wherein the specified temperature>is.

47. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, and a refrigerator includes a compressor, a freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other, the first evaporator and the cooling fan installed in the refrigerating chamber, and a second evaporator and the freezer fan is installed in the freezing chamber, characterized in that the lead management through the implementation of highly efficient refrigeration cycle with multiple evaporators containing operations: mapping during surgery 271 freezing temperature with the preset temperature freezing; mapping during the operation 272 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if during the operation 271 freezing temperature rises above the set temperature of the freezing, and turning during the operation 273 compressor and fan cooling chambers and off fan of freezer compartment if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 272 OK the Noah camera and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 272 is below a predetermined temperature cooling; mapping during surgery 275 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling after the operation 274 and turning during the operation 276 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 275 exceeds the set temperature cooling.

48. The control method according to p. 47, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during surgery 277 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling after the operation 276; mapping during the operation 278 freezing temperature with a set temperature of freezing if the temperature of the cooling during the operation 277 rises above the set temperature for cooling operation 276 the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 278 is higher than the predetermined temperature, freezing, and off during the operation 280 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation 278, the freezing temperature is below the set temperature of the freezing.

50. The control method according to p. 47, characterized in that it also contains operations: shutdown in operation 280 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation 271 cooling temperature is below the set temperature cooling.

51. The control method according to p. 47, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during the operation 282 freezing temperature with a set temperature of freezing if the temperature of the cooling during the operation of 275 falls below the set temperature cooling; the operation 274 the compressor and fan the freezer and turn off the fan of the refrigerating chamber, if during the operation 282, the freezing temperature is above the set temperature of the freezing, and off during the operation 280 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, E. Prov./P> 52. Control method for PP. 48-51, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during surgery 283 first surface temperature with 0oAfter operation 280 and off during the operation 284 compressor and fan the freezer and the fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the first surface temperature is below 0oWith thereby effecting defrosting of the first evaporator.

53. Control method for PP. 47-51, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

54. The method of controlling a refrigerator having a freezing and refrigerating chambers and working in the refrigeration cycle with two evaporators and two fans, including sensing the temperature of the cooling and freezing temperature in the cells, on and off the compressor and fan in the cells, and a refrigerator includes a compressor, a freezing and refrigerating chambers, separated from each other, the first evaporator and the cooling fan installed in the refrigerating chamber, and a second evaporator and the freezing fan installed in morosi the CLA with multiple evaporators, contains operations: mapping during operations 311 and 331 freezing temperature with the preset temperature freezing; mapping during operations 312 and 332 cooling temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if in the course of operations 311 and 331 freezing temperature rises above the set temperature of the freezing, and integrate operations 313 and 333 of the compressor and fan cooling chambers and off the fan freezer, if the temperature of cooling during operations 312, 332 rises above the set temperature cooling; inclusion during operations 314, 334 compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature of cooling during operations 312, 332 is below a predetermined temperature cooling; after mapping operations 313 and 333 in the course of operations 315 and 335 freezing temperature with a second predetermined freezing temperature, which is above the freezing temperature by a certain amount; the inclusion in the operation 336 compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if during the operation 335, the freezing temperature will be above the second predetermined temperature, freezing, and performing Opera is 335 the freezing temperature is below the second predetermined temperature, freezing.

55. The control method according to p. 54, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during operations 317 and 337 cooling temperature with the preset temperature after cooling operations 316 and 336; mapping during operations 318 and 338 freezing temperature with a set temperature of the freezing, if in the course of operations 317 and 337 cooling temperature rises above the set temperature cooling; operations 319 and 334, if in the course of operations 317 and 337 cooling temperature is below the set temperature cooling; operations 316 and 336, if in the course of operations 318 and 338, the freezing temperature is below the set temperature freezing; off during operations 320 and 339 of the compressor and fans of the freezing and refrigerating chambers, if the temperature is freezing during operations 318 and 338 will be below the set temperature of the freezing.

56. The control method according to p. 55, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during operations 323 and 342 of the first surface temperature with 0oAfter operations 320 and 339 and off during operations 324 343 compressor and fan the freezer and the fan cooling chambers is atom defrosting of the first evaporator.

57. The control method according to p. 54, characterized in that it contains operations: mapping freezing temperature during operations 321 and 340 with a set temperature of the freezing after operations 314 and 334 and off during operations 329 and 339 of the compressor, fans, freezers and cold rooms, if the temperature is freezing during operations 321 and 340 will be below the set temperature of the freezing.

58. The control method according to p. 57, characterized in that it also contains operation: enable during the operation 319 compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature is freezing during the operation 321 exceeds the set temperature of the freezing.

59. The control method according to p. 57, characterized in that it also contains operations: mapping during operation 314 refrigeration temperature with the preset temperature of the cooling, if the temperature is freezing during operation 340 exceeds the set temperature of the freezing, turning off during the operation 334 compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber when the temperature of the cooling during the operation 341 will be given below temperedly temperature cooling during 341 rises above the set temperature cooling.

60. The control method according to p. 54, characterized in that it contains these operations: shutdown in operations 320 and 339 of the compressor and fan freezer and off fan of the refrigerating chamber, if the temperature is freezing during operations 311 and 331 are below the set temperature of the freezing.

61. The control method according to p. 54, characterized in that the second preset temperature is freezing exceeds the set temperature of the freezing 1-5oC.

62. The control method according to p. 54, wherein the preset temperature is freezing ranges from -21 to -15oAnd set the cooling temperature ranges from -1 to 6oC.

Priority points:

17.11.94 on PP. 7, 35, 39, 53 and 57;

22.11.94 on PP. 45-47;

22.11.94 on PP. 3-6, 8;

17.11.94 on PP. 1, 9-29;

11.11.94 on PP. 30-34, 36-38, 40-44, 48-52, 54-56, 58, 60-63;

18.05.95 - all claims.

 

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