Electromagnetic device for processing liquid

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to magnetic treatment of liquids and can be used for intensification of various technological processes, such as prevention of scale on the heating surfaces of process apparatus, purification and clarification of process water. The device consists of an output pipe, the three-phase windings, a stationary rotor housing, a magnetic stator, inlet pipe, sealed chamber, the non-magnetic spiral cathode group of diodes, the anode of the group of diodes of the switch. An airtight chamber is formed by a surface of the non-magnetic rotor with spiral casing and pipes. The rotor is made of magnetic material, the housing is made of plastic or non-magnetic material. Fixed the rotor in the stator using a non-magnetic spiral. The windings are located in the same slots. The technical result consists in increasing the energy performance and effectiveness. 3 Il.

The invention relates to a device for magnetic treatment of liquids and can be used for mixing trudnoreshaemyh liquids in various industries and allows you to increase the intensity of the processing liquid.

The disadvantage of this device is the presence of a pulsed magnetic field of alternating polarity, which reduces the effectiveness. The closest technical solution is "a Device for magnetic treatment of liquids".with. USSR N 1212971, C 02 F 1/48, 1986, taken by the authors for the prototype. The known device consists of output and input sockets, the three-phase winding, a stationary rotor housing, a magnetic system, the sealed chamber, switch, three-phase half-wave rectifier with zero wire.

A disadvantage of the known device is the low power factor because of the half-wave rectifier that reduces the effectiveness.

The technical solution of the invention is to improve energy performance and effectiveness.

This object is achieved in that an electromagnetic device for processing liquid containing the rotor, the stator posted by positioning between the rotor and stator, equipped with cathodic group of diodes, and the stator - additional-phase winding with an even number of poles, and a three-phase winding is connected to one side of the counter and the "star", and on the other hand - through anode and cathode groups of diodes with the supply chain, and the rotor is covered with a non-magnetic spiral.

The novelty of the claimed technical solution is due to the introduction of the cathode group of diodes and stator - additional-phase winding with an even number of poles, and a three-phase winding is connected to one side of the counter and the "star", and on the other hand - through anode and cathode groups of diodes with the supply chain, and the rotor is covered with a non-magnetic spiral.

According to scientific-technical and patent literature authors unknown to the claimed combination of features, aimed at the achievement of the task and this decision does not follow clearly from the prior art, which allows to make a conclusion on the conformity of the decision level of invention.

The proposed solution is industrially applicable. Electromagnetic device for processing fluids tested in laboratory and industrial conditions.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. is STS network; in Fig.3 is a diagram of the winding.

The device consists of the output of the pipe 1, the three-phase windings 2, 3, the fixed rotor 4, the housing 5, the magnetic stator 6, the inlet pipe 7, the sealed chamber 8, the non-magnetic helix 9, the cathode group of diodes 10, the anode of the group of diodes 11, switch 12.

An airtight chamber 8 formed by the surface of the rotor 4 with a non-magnetic coil 9, the housing 4 and the nozzles 1 and 7. The rotor is of magnetic material, the casing of plastic or non-magnetic material. Fixed the rotor 4 in the stator 6 with a non-magnetic helix 9. The windings 2 and 3 are located in the same grooves, the option of including the windings shown in Fig.3.

Electromagnetic device operates as follows. The treated liquid flows through the pipe 6 in a sealed chamber 8, passes successively between the turns of the spiral and the space limited by the rotor 4 and the stator 7. Thus, the liquid is transferred to the outlet nozzle 1 and rotates in a spiral around the rotor 4. The switch 12, the voltage A, B, C through the diodes 10 and 11 is fed to the windings 2 and 3. Suppose that at the moment when the maximum amplitude of the voltage was on phase A. the Voltage is PU windings 3. Further, the current in the phase winding, which is less than the potential at the input. In this case, the phase B. Simultaneous operation of groups of windings 2 and 3 is shown by arrows (Fig. 3). If in a winding "is" one arrow, it works the same phase, from which the "out" one arrow.

The three-phase system supply current A, B, C and the three-phase windings 2 and 3, placed at an angle of 120ocreate torque unidirectional magnetic field, perpendicular to the fluid motion. The phase sequence A, B, C include such a way that the direction of the fluid and the magnetic field was reciprocal. The positive and negative half cycles of the rectification work, both the stator winding, which increases the effectiveness. In addition, increase energy indicators, becomes more uniform magnetic flux.

Electromagnetic device for processing liquid containing the rotor, the stator is placed in the slots of the magnetic system, pipes for drainage and supply of treated liquid and the pressurized chamber located between the rotor and the stator, characterized in that the supplied cathode group of diodes, and the stator - additional-phase winding with an even number of poles, in which dnow group of diodes - with the supply chain, and the rotor is covered with a non-magnetic spiral.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to magnetic treatment of liquids and can be used for intensification of various technological processes, such as prevention of scale on the heating surfaces of heat exchangers, purification and clarification of process water

The invention relates to water treatment systems and water heating

The invention relates to magnetodynamics water treatment and liquid solutions and can be used in construction, agriculture for irrigation of plants and reduction of soil salinity in utilities to protect equipment from scale formation and so on

The invention relates to a device for the preparation of water for drinking to water supply

The invention relates to a device for the preparation of water for drinking and technical water supply

The invention relates to processes for the preparation of water for drinking and technical water supply, wastewater treatment, disinfection and water activation

The invention relates to sorption wastewater and can be used in the pulp and paper industry, petrochemical industry, metallurgy, food and other industries

The invention relates to the field of cleaning fluids and can be used to improve environmental and techno-economic characteristics of moving liquids and fuels & lubricants

FIELD: devices for purification of household and industrial sewage.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with devices for purification of household and industrial sewage and intended for electrical and cavitational treatment of sewage containing a large quantity of organic compounds. The device for purification of sewage consists of a body made out of a dielectric material partitioned by diaphragms for two electrode chambers and one working chamber, that contains a filtering material. The electrode chambers have cavitational field sources installed and the working chamber is supplied with a the bubbler installed in it. The technical result consists in an increase of recuperation of the filtering material at the expense of application of a cavitational field to it, decrease of the microbiological semination, and an increase of cavitational effect on particles.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of the filtering material recuperation, decreased microbiological semination and increased the cavitational effect on particles.

1 dwg

FIELD: devices for purification of household and industrial sewage.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with devices for purification of household and industrial sewage and intended for electrical and cavitational treatment of sewage containing a large quantity of organic compounds. The device for purification of sewage consists of a body made out of a dielectric material partitioned by diaphragms for two electrode chambers and one working chamber, that contains a filtering material. The electrode chambers have cavitational field sources installed and the working chamber is supplied with a the bubbler installed in it. The technical result consists in an increase of recuperation of the filtering material at the expense of application of a cavitational field to it, decrease of the microbiological semination, and an increase of cavitational effect on particles.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of the filtering material recuperation, decreased microbiological semination and increased the cavitational effect on particles.

1 dwg

FIELD: devices for purification of household and industrial sewage.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with devices for purification of household and industrial sewage and intended for electrical and cavitational treatment of sewage containing a large quantity of organic compounds. The device for purification of sewage consists of a body made out of a dielectric material partitioned by diaphragms for two electrode chambers and one working chamber, that contains a filtering material. The electrode chambers have cavitational field sources installed and the working chamber is supplied with a the bubbler installed in it. The technical result consists in an increase of recuperation of the filtering material at the expense of application of a cavitational field to it, decrease of the microbiological semination, and an increase of cavitational effect on particles.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of the filtering material recuperation, decreased microbiological semination and increased the cavitational effect on particles.

1 dwg

FIELD: food and pharmaceutical industries; water filtration.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a method of purification of liquids and is dealt with filtration, in particular with the methods of purification of liquids from impurities. It may be used in the systems of industrial and household water supply in food and pharmaceutical industries. The method of liquids purification includes a partial shutting off a trunk of the unpurified liquid, delivery of the unpurified liquid in a trunk of the unpurified liquid and to the filtration element - in a trunk of purified liquid. Before the unpurified liquid delivery into the trunks of the unpurified and purified liquids it is passing through an ejector. The technical result is an increased convenience in operation and productivity of purification due to simultaneous outflow of both purified and unpurified liquids without decrease of a flow area of the purified liquid trunk running cross-section.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of convenience in operation and productivity of purification of liquids without decrease of a flow area of the purified liquid trunk running cross-section.

6 dwg

FIELD: water-supply engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of removing hardness salts from regenerates and can be used in water treatment processes in heat-and-power engineering, chemical, petrochemical, food, and other industries provided with ion-exchange water-desalting filters. Method is accomplished by precipitation of hardness salts involving recycle of precipitate treated by alkali solution followed by passage of supernatant through H-cationite filter. Treated precipitate accumulated in preceding settling cycles is recycled into regenerate and settling-subjected solution is passed through cationite filter to produce purified sulfuric acid further used for regeneration of H-cationite filters in water-treatment cycle. Precipitate is treated with alkaline regenerate from OH-anionite filters or with alkali solution obtained from electrolysis of regenerates with pH not below 11. Amount of regenerate introduced into accumulator-settler should be at least 20 kg/m3.

EFFECT: excluded liming procedure, preserved initial (after regeneration of filters) content of sulfate ions in sulfuric acid, reduced consumption thereof during preparation of regeneration solution, and excluded discharge of sulfate ions unto water objects.

3 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: petrochemical and food and other processing industries.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for purification of sewage and is dealt with designs of sewage treatment plants for purification and averaging of consumption and composition of sewage and may be used for preliminary purification of sewage of the enterprises of processing industries from floating and settling insoluble impurities. The device contains a cylindrical body with a cone-shaped bottomed, a mounted along the axis of the body cylindrical partition, a located above the body reactive water distributor with branch-pipes, a floating device, a rotating rocker arm with a foam pushing plates mounted with the help of a half-coupling to the reactive water distributor at a maximum level of water in the device, a collecting tank mounted with possibility of delivery in it of the circulating water, a pump, a pressure tank-saturator linked by a pressure pipeline with the reactive water distributor. Inside the body there is a ring-type chute, in which the reactive water distributor branch-pipes supplied with diffusers on their ends are placed. The technical result is an increase of efficiency of sewage purification and realization of averaging of consumption and composition of sewage and its purification simultaneously.

EFFECT: the invention ensures increased efficiency of sewage purification and simultaneous realization of averaging of sewage consumption, composition and purification.

1 dwg

FIELD: water treatment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removing and decomposing nitrate ions contained in water, for example in ground water or in surface waters. Process consists in passing aqueous solution through electrochemical cell containing at least one anode and at least one cathode and passing electric current between them. Surface(s) of cathode is(are) covered with layer consisted of metallic rhodium. Aqueous solution is preferably aqueous solution, which was used for regeneration of ion-exchange column.

EFFECT: enhanced electrochemical cell efficiency.

18 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: water treatment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removing and decomposing nitrate ions contained in water, for example in ground water or in surface waters. Process consists in passing aqueous solution through electrochemical cell containing at least one anode and at least one cathode and passing electric current between them. Surface(s) of cathode is(are) covered with layer consisted of metallic rhodium. Aqueous solution is preferably aqueous solution, which was used for regeneration of ion-exchange column.

EFFECT: enhanced electrochemical cell efficiency.

18 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: water treatment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removing and decomposing nitrate ions contained in water, for example in ground water or in surface waters. Process consists in passing aqueous solution through electrochemical cell containing at least one anode and at least one cathode and passing electric current between them. Surface(s) of cathode is(are) covered with layer consisted of metallic rhodium. Aqueous solution is preferably aqueous solution, which was used for regeneration of ion-exchange column.

EFFECT: enhanced electrochemical cell efficiency.

18 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: water treatment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removing and decomposing nitrate ions contained in water, for example in ground water or in surface waters. Process consists in passing aqueous solution through electrochemical cell containing at least one anode and at least one cathode and passing electric current between them. Surface(s) of cathode is(are) covered with layer consisted of metallic rhodium. Aqueous solution is preferably aqueous solution, which was used for regeneration of ion-exchange column.

EFFECT: enhanced electrochemical cell efficiency.

18 cl, 3 ex

Up!