Device for magnetised fluid

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention can be used for cleaning fluids. Device for magnetised fluid includes permanent magnets placed in the non-ferromagnetic housing two groups, each of which contains at least three permanent magnets, and means fastening made with the possibility of education between the permanent magnets of the working gap and accommodate non-ferromagnetic tubing. Permanent magnets magnetized with the possibility of a direction of magnetic lines of force perpendicular to the axis of the working gap and the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gap between the average magnets twice the magnitude of the magnetic induction between the extreme magnets. The invention improves the serviceability of the device and improves environmental and techno-economic characteristics of fluids, such as fuel and lubricants. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to the field of cleaning fluids and can be used to improve environmental and techno-economic characteristics of moving fluids and fuels.

A device for cleaning liquid (magnitnykh particles, and in addition, requires direct contact of the magnets with a cleared environment and additional devices for cleaning them, and therefore has not found wide application.

The closest of the known devices described is a device for magnetizing the fluid (2), comprising a body placed in it by the permanent magnets and the means of fastening made with the possibility of education between the magnets of the working gap and accommodate non-ferromagnetic tubing. Installation of the known device on the non-ferromagnetic tubing represents certain difficulties associated with the consolidation of the Autonomous parts of the body through a complex spline connection. In addition, the magnetic system of the known device does not provide sufficient magnetised moving fluid.

The technical result is obtained when implementing the described invention is to improve the efficiency of magnetised fluid and improving the usability of the device by simplifying its installation.

This technical result is achieved in that the device for magnetised fluid, comprising a body placed in it constantly and accommodate non-ferromagnetic pipe, contains at least three pairs of permanent magnets, in the form of two groups, arranged in parallel and symmetrically to the axis of the working gap, and means mounting made in the form of protruding from opposite sides of the housing element, provided with a device for the formation of interlocking connection with their combination, while the permanent magnets are magnetized with the possibility of a direction of magnetic lines of force perpendicular to the axis of the working gap and the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gap of the Central pair of permanent magnets is twice the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gaps at pairs of permanent magnets.

Device for magnetised fluid may contain more than three pairs of permanent magnets, and the magnetic induction in the working gaps even couples twice the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gaps odd pairs of permanent magnets.

The enclosure can be made of two elements, each of which is pressed a group of permanent magnets forming one side of the working gap, and elements of the body are interconnected by flexible jumpers.

The drawing shows the device described for Magnic/BR> Fig. 1A - section along a plane coinciding with the axis of the pipe and the direction of the magnetic force lines

Fig. 1B - section along the plane perpendicular to the axis of the pipe,

a in Fig. 2 shows the device in an unmounted state in the form of finished products.

In case 1, made of non-ferromagnetic material posted two groups 2 and 3 permanent magnets mounted parallel to the axis of the device. Each group contains at least three permanent magnet 4. The permanent magnet 4 magnetized so that the magnets in one group had the same polarity, at the same time, the permanent magnets 4 different groups 2 and 3 facing the working surface of the device opposite poles.

On opposite sides of the housing 1 are lugs 5, which may be made of elastic material and molded together with the housing 1. The protrusions 5 is equipped with a device 6 for the formation of interlocking connection with their combination, for example, one of the projections may be in the form of an adjustable loop, and the other in the form of a mushroom latch.

In shown in Fig. 2 embodiment, the described device groups 2 and 3 permanent magnets is istwo for magnetised fluid is used as follows.

The device is placed on a non-ferromagnetic pipe 8 and fix it using the tool 6 so that groups 2 and 3 permanent magnets 4 are located opposite each other in parallel and symmetrically to the axis 9 of the educated them working gap coinciding with the axis of the pipe and direction of flow of fluid. Thus, the current flowing through the pipeline fluid is exposed to the static magnetic field, magnetic lines of force which is directed perpendicular to the direction of advance of the liquid. Mutual arrangement of permanent magnets and selection of their characteristics allows to form a closed magnetic system with a certain shape, ensuring the passage of the liquid through the zones with different values of magnetic induction, which greatly increases the efficiency of processing of the current flowing through the pipeline fluid. At the same time, the magnetic field dispersion of 10 extreme magnets form a kind of screen that also contributes to the effectiveness of magnetised.

The design of the described device for magnetised fluid meets the requirements of sterility and eliminates the possibility of leaks in the pipeline.

1. Device for magnetised fluid, comprising a housing with spaced therein permanent magnets and means fastening made with the possibility of education between the magnets of the working gap and accommodate non-ferromagnetic pipe, characterized in that it comprises at least three pairs of permanent magnets in the form of two groups, arranged in parallel and symmetrically to the axis of the working gap, and means mounting made in the form of protruding from opposite sides of the housing element, provided with a device for the formation of interlocking connection with their combination, while the permanent magnets are magnetized with the possibility of a direction of magnetic lines of force perpendicular to the axis of the working gap, and the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gap of the Central pair of permanent magnets is twice the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gaps at pairs of permanent magnets.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that it contains more than three pairs of permanent magnets, and the magnetic induction in the working gaps even couples twice the magnitude of the magnetic induction in the working gaps odd pairs of permanent manrich pressed group of permanent magnets, forming one side of the working gap, and elements of the body are interconnected by flexible jumpers.

 

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FIELD: devices for magnetic particles collection and removal from a liquid in a vessel or their separation and transportation into a liquid in a vessel.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to a vessel and a rod applied together with it and is intended for collection of magnetic particles from a liquid containing the particles in the vessel, or for separation of the particles and their transportation into a liquid in the vessel. The invention ensures elimination of possibility of excision of a liquid from the vessel together with the rod. The complete set contains a vessel and an applied together with it rod supplied with a magnet used for collection of magnetic particles from the liquid containing the particles in the vessel, or for separation of the particles present in the liquid in the vessel at the rod insertion in the vessel and taking the rod out of the vessel after a collecting or separating operations. The rod has a narrowing end section, on which the indicated particles are gathered or from which they are separated. The space interval from the rod inserted into the vessel up to the vessel internal wall is taken in each point sufficiently big to avoid a formation between the vessel and the rod of any liquid ring or a part of the ring, which could be removed together with the rod at taking the rod out of the vessel. The vessel has a bottom with a pit for the rod insertion. At that the pit profile matches to the profile of the rod narrowing end section.

EFFECT: the invention ensures collection of magnetic particles from a liquid onto the rod in the vessel or their separation and transfer into a liquid in the vessel eliminating possibility of excision of a liquid from the vessel together with the rod.

9 cl, 3 dwg

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