The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of residential wooden houses. The technical challenge is to ensure reliability and high structural strength. The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of logs or lumber. A log or logs horizontally or vertically profiled. The walls and roof are constructed of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and tie-rods, and wall panels are equipped with openings for Windows and doors. Mount wall construction is carried out directly on the Foundation and floor panels that are not associated with wall panels that are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement. At window and door openings and hatches in the walls at the vertical ends of a metal shaped profiles with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4) : (100-200). 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of wooden houses.

The disadvantage of this structure is necessary sealing of the external anchoring, passing through all the seams, which not only complicates the design, but also affects the appearance of the house.

It is also known wooden structure of transportable precast elements, constructed by the method of block construction of wooden elements, connected to each other. Form a single surface of the wooden elements and the walls are connected by a rigid construction (Application Germany, N 3314832, 1984).

The main disadvantage of this construction is the design complexity and universalist elements required for Assembly, which significantly lengthens the time of Assembly of the structure.

Known is a wooden structure, which is the closest to the proposed invention, which provides for the Assembly of the entire structure, including the roof, walls, floor panels, made of timber or logs, and high speed Assembly of the universal elements at higher strength design (Patent RF 2045173, class A 01 K, 1995).

Prefabricated panels in this building are made of himself what iceway surface, moreover, walls, roof and floors of a structure made of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers. The panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.

On the front side of the conventional prefilled auto-disable timber and/or timber made of 1-3 groove of triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.

The disadvantage of this wooden structure is that provided for in him mount the panels directly on the Foundation and fastening them with panels of the exterior walls reduces the hardness of the final design and complicates both the General Assembly and repair of the house, in particular the replacement floor panel.

The objective of the invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages in the construction of buildings of wooden panels, namely, while maintaining the high speed of the Assembly to provide greater structural strength, as well as simplify the installation of facilities and to ensure the repair of the building, particularly when replacing the floor panels.

The problem is solved proposed wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical logs is accomplished at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers, and the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights, and attachment of wall panels of the structure is carried out directly on the Foundation by means of bolts and the floor panel, is not associated with the wall panels, are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement, and window and door openings, hatches establish shaped profile with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4) : (100-200).

The proposed wooden structure is also characterized by the fact that the finished basement with anchors and special projections mounted wall panels and stack logs the floor at a distance of 0.5-1.0 m between logs.

When installing a floor panel provided a gap of 1.5-2.5 cm, which is sealed, insulated and covered with skirting.

Wall of the wooden structure can be made of heat panels, and the floors and ceilings of the frame Board shalt panels.

In the adjoining nodes logs or bars, deepening the grooves inserts insulation-seal from a material selected from the group of basalt mineral wool or rubber.

For beams ceiling panels are installed and fixed on the bearing Belucci wooden buildings - walls, floors, and roof are made of universal modular panels, made of timber or logs, mounted with a crane on the Foundation.

The manufacture of panels of timber are as follows. The beam size 150x150 mm is subjected quadrilateral profiling on a milling machine, then cut into the desired size and drilled in the beam hole rods with a diameter of 3 mm For self-locking beams in them freeroute grooves and spikes. Finished lumber is marked on the rims of the panels. For the manufacture of panel beam alternately according to the marks displayed on the Assembly site, and the holes of adjacent bars combine. In aligned holes through the beams pass through the metal bars with heel diameter of 25 mm At the ends of the rods put on the washers and screw nuts, and at panel terminals screw rengiki for subsequent transport panel. The panels are manufactured with openings for Windows, doors and hatches.

Panels of timber or logs, pre-assembled on a separate building site, transported to the place of Assembly of the structure.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a front view dvukhetazhnogo fastening shaped profile in a window or doorway, in Fig. 4 - fixing wall panels to the Foundation, between floors and the installation of the floor, where 1 - mounting shaft, 2 - fastening rod 3 to the fastening plate, 4 - heater, 5 - window unit, 6 - cashing, 7 - profile, 8 - Foundation 9 - ledge of the Foundation, 11th floor joists, 12 - floor panel, 13 - plinth, 14 - gap, 15 - panel, 16 - ceiling stick, 17 - floor panel of the second floor, 18 - plate, 19 - nut rod, 20 - pin, 21 - floor screed 22 - coupler panels, 23 - tie beam of a roof.

Example. The erection of wooden buildings.

On pre-built Foundation with 8 anchors 10 are mounted wall panels of the first floor 15 and are attached by anchors. Wall panels are fastened to each other at the nodes according to the mount depicted in Fig. 2, using metal rods 1, 2 and holding plate-bracket 3. In the gap between the panels stack insulation 4. Bracing of the walls is carried out by aligning the holes in the bars and mounting fastening plates 3, which prorezyvajutsja mounting rod 1. In deepening the slots in the bars and formed with grooves and spikes in the manufacture of bars, places of articulation nodes inserted insulation-seal 4 of the basalt is 8 stack logs the floor 11 at the distance of 0.5-1.0 m between logs. Fastened finished floor panel 12 by screws, and between the wall and the floor panel leave a gap 14, which is sealed and closed by a plinth 13. Next on the walls of the first floor is placed in a special niche beams 16 and they are fixed to the walls using intermediate couplers 21 and nuts 19. Then mounted the finished panel, the second floor, pre-fabricated in the appropriate size and fastened together at the corners, as shown in Fig. 2, and with the walls of the first floor inter-floor screeds 21. After installation of the walls lay the floor panels of the first floor. In the final stage of installing a roof panel. They can be made of timber and frame of boards and insulation. Roof panels are fastened to the walls of the second floor special couplers 22.

To prevent displacement of the bars relative to each other along the axis of the beam in the horizontal plane and to avoid deflection of the wall vertically in window and door openings in the wall surface at the vertical ends are metal shaped profile 7 when the ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4):(100-200).

The use of the proposed invention allow for high speed Assembly, Albania proposed structural changes to build wooden buildings of different profile, and will also allow, if necessary, to repair the ceiling without reducing the stability of the structure. Use only natural materials for the manufacture of the structure provides ecological purity of the data structures.

1. The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical profiled logs or timber and mounted on the Foundation, in which the walls and roof are constructed of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers, and the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights, characterized in that the bracing of the walls of the structure shall be carried out directly on the Foundation and floor panels that are not associated with wall panels that are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement, with window and door openings and hatches in the walls at the vertical ends of a metal-shaped profile with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam(1 - 4) (100 - 200).

2. The wooden structure on p. 1, characterized in that the finished basement with anchors and special tabs stack logs PG wall and floor panels leave a gap of 1.5 - 2.5 cm, resealable and close the plinth.

4. The wooden structure on p. 1, characterized in that the recesses in the slots in the beam or beams, in the adjoining nodes inserts insulation-seal from a material selected from the group of basalt mineral wool or rubber.

5. The wooden structure on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the beams of the ceiling panels installed and fixed on the supporting beams of the beam after mounting the walls of the first floor with a clearance of 1.5 - 2.5 cm, closed by a plinth.

 

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