The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of residential wooden houses. The technical challenge is to ensure reliability and high structural strength. The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of logs or lumber. A log or logs horizontally or vertically profiled. The walls and roof are constructed of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and tie-rods, and wall panels are equipped with openings for Windows and doors. Mount wall construction is carried out directly on the Foundation and floor panels that are not associated with wall panels that are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement. At window and door openings and hatches in the walls at the vertical ends of a metal shaped profiles with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4) : (100-200). 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of wooden houses.The disadvantage of this structure is necessary sealing of the external anchoring, passing through all the seams, which not only complicates the design, but also affects the appearance of the house.It is also known wooden structure of transportable precast elements, constructed by the method of block construction of wooden elements, connected to each other. Form a single surface of the wooden elements and the walls are connected by a rigid construction (Application Germany, N 3314832, 1984).The main disadvantage of this construction is the design complexity and universalist elements required for Assembly, which significantly lengthens the time of Assembly of the structure.Known is a wooden structure, which is the closest to the proposed invention, which provides for the Assembly of the entire structure, including the roof, walls, floor panels, made of timber or logs, and high speed Assembly of the universal elements at higher strength design (Patent RF 2045173, class A 01 K, 1995).Prefabricated panels in this building are made of himself what iceway surface, moreover, walls, roof and floors of a structure made of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers. The panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.On the front side of the conventional prefilled auto-disable timber and/or timber made of 1-3 groove of triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.The disadvantage of this wooden structure is that provided for in him mount the panels directly on the Foundation and fastening them with panels of the exterior walls reduces the hardness of the final design and complicates both the General Assembly and repair of the house, in particular the replacement floor panel.The objective of the invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages in the construction of buildings of wooden panels, namely, while maintaining the high speed of the Assembly to provide greater structural strength, as well as simplify the installation of facilities and to ensure the repair of the building, particularly when replacing the floor panels.The problem is solved proposed wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical logs is accomplished at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers, and the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights, and attachment of wall panels of the structure is carried out directly on the Foundation by means of bolts and the floor panel, is not associated with the wall panels, are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement, and window and door openings, hatches establish shaped profile with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4) : (100-200).The proposed wooden structure is also characterized by the fact that the finished basement with anchors and special projections mounted wall panels and stack logs the floor at a distance of 0.5-1.0 m between logs.When installing a floor panel provided a gap of 1.5-2.5 cm, which is sealed, insulated and covered with skirting.Wall of the wooden structure can be made of heat panels, and the floors and ceilings of the frame Board shalt panels.In the adjoining nodes logs or bars, deepening the grooves inserts insulation-seal from a material selected from the group of basalt mineral wool or rubber.For beams ceiling panels are installed and fixed on the bearing Belucci wooden buildings - walls, floors, and roof are made of universal modular panels, made of timber or logs, mounted with a crane on the Foundation.The manufacture of panels of timber are as follows. The beam size 150x150 mm is subjected quadrilateral profiling on a milling machine, then cut into the desired size and drilled in the beam hole rods with a diameter of 3 mm For self-locking beams in them freeroute grooves and spikes. Finished lumber is marked on the rims of the panels. For the manufacture of panel beam alternately according to the marks displayed on the Assembly site, and the holes of adjacent bars combine. In aligned holes through the beams pass through the metal bars with heel diameter of 25 mm At the ends of the rods put on the washers and screw nuts, and at panel terminals screw rengiki for subsequent transport panel. The panels are manufactured with openings for Windows, doors and hatches.Panels of timber or logs, pre-assembled on a separate building site, transported to the place of Assembly of the structure.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a front view dvukhetazhnogo fastening shaped profile in a window or doorway, in Fig. 4 - fixing wall panels to the Foundation, between floors and the installation of the floor, where 1 - mounting shaft, 2 - fastening rod 3 to the fastening plate, 4 - heater, 5 - window unit, 6 - cashing, 7 - profile, 8 - Foundation 9 - ledge of the Foundation, 11th floor joists, 12 - floor panel, 13 - plinth, 14 - gap, 15 - panel, 16 - ceiling stick, 17 - floor panel of the second floor, 18 - plate, 19 - nut rod, 20 - pin, 21 - floor screed 22 - coupler panels, 23 - tie beam of a roof.Example. The erection of wooden buildings.On pre-built Foundation with 8 anchors 10 are mounted wall panels of the first floor 15 and are attached by anchors. Wall panels are fastened to each other at the nodes according to the mount depicted in Fig. 2, using metal rods 1, 2 and holding plate-bracket 3. In the gap between the panels stack insulation 4. Bracing of the walls is carried out by aligning the holes in the bars and mounting fastening plates 3, which prorezyvajutsja mounting rod 1. In deepening the slots in the bars and formed with grooves and spikes in the manufacture of bars, places of articulation nodes inserted insulation-seal 4 of the basalt is 8 stack logs the floor 11 at the distance of 0.5-1.0 m between logs. Fastened finished floor panel 12 by screws, and between the wall and the floor panel leave a gap 14, which is sealed and closed by a plinth 13. Next on the walls of the first floor is placed in a special niche beams 16 and they are fixed to the walls using intermediate couplers 21 and nuts 19. Then mounted the finished panel, the second floor, pre-fabricated in the appropriate size and fastened together at the corners, as shown in Fig. 2, and with the walls of the first floor inter-floor screeds 21. After installation of the walls lay the floor panels of the first floor. In the final stage of installing a roof panel. They can be made of timber and frame of boards and insulation. Roof panels are fastened to the walls of the second floor special couplers 22.To prevent displacement of the bars relative to each other along the axis of the beam in the horizontal plane and to avoid deflection of the wall vertically in window and door openings in the wall surface at the vertical ends are metal shaped profile 7 when the ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam (1-4):(100-200).The use of the proposed invention allow for high speed Assembly, Albania proposed structural changes to build wooden buildings of different profile, and will also allow, if necessary, to repair the ceiling without reducing the stability of the structure. Use only natural materials for the manufacture of the structure provides ecological purity of the data structures. 1. The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical profiled logs or timber and mounted on the Foundation, in which the walls and roof are constructed of panels fastened together with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers, and the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights, characterized in that the bracing of the walls of the structure shall be carried out directly on the Foundation and floor panels that are not associated with wall panels that are attached to the joists, installed in a special basement, with window and door openings and hatches in the walls at the vertical ends of a metal-shaped profile with a ratio of the thickness of the cross section and thickness of the beam(1 - 4) (100 - 200).2. The wooden structure on p. 1, characterized in that the finished basement with anchors and special tabs stack logs PG wall and floor panels leave a gap of 1.5 - 2.5 cm, resealable and close the plinth.4. The wooden structure on p. 1, characterized in that the recesses in the slots in the beam or beams, in the adjoining nodes inserts insulation-seal from a material selected from the group of basalt mineral wool or rubber.5. The wooden structure on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the beams of the ceiling panels installed and fixed on the supporting beams of the beam after mounting the walls of the first floor with a clearance of 1.5 - 2.5 cm, closed by a plinth.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.
SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.
EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.
24 cl, 41 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.
SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.
EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.
EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.
EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.
EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.