Subpotential machine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a device for repair of railway tracks. Subpotential machine has mounted on the undercarriage frame, a frame mounted on the device for cutting ballast in the form of rotors installed on farms with the possibility of rotation of the power cylinders on the vertical and horizontal axes, the treatment device and the conveyor system. A conveyor system made in the form of a transverse conveyor mounted tiltable in a vertical plane and located within the rotor, conveyors feed cut ballast placed in the opposite direction in relation to farms with possibility of vertical and horizontal angular displacement of the pipeline supply of clean gravel, located between the conveyors feeding the cut ballast in the direction of the stroke of the machine, the conveyor pollutants and the rotary conveyor. The efficiency of operation of the machine, increasing the depth of cut of the ballast. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to railway transport, namely, devices for cleaning ballast train journey from weeds.m device and an intake working bodies in the form of a bucket rotors, each of which is associated with the frame of the machine by means of three rods of equal length and two hydraulic cylinders for extension of the rotor in the direction [1].

This design does not provide sufficient width of cleaned ballast path and depth of cut when loading possibilities of clean gravel and weeds in the compositions according to the different sides of the machine.

The most famous travel machine for excavation of the ballast train paths containing mounted on the undercarriage frame and working bodies, representing a bucket rotors, on the sides of the machine frame mounted farm, one of the pillars of which is hinged to the frame, and the other is connected with the frame of the machine thrust of variable length, while on the farm between her legs installed trunnion bearing frame rotors connected by cylinders rotate with the farm [2].

Transfer of ballast in this car is from a tray located in the rotor, the conveyor system: ballast is fed to the conveyor, located on the farm, to guide his total pipeline supply cut ballast to move it to the treatment device or machine, and the cleaning device, the ballast is fed to a conveyor clean crushed stone. implement separate the work of rotary devices for cleaning and cutting of crushed stone ballast. The greater width of the cleaned ballast path and depth of cut, in turn, requires an increase in the longitudinal and transverse dimensions of the machine.

The basis of the invention laid the solution: increase machine efficiency by increasing the width of the cleaned ballast ways to increase the depth of cut of the ballast with the provision of separate work of the rotors clean and without any of the sides of the machine, and the tenderloin with the dumping of ballast near the trench with a possibility of loading of pollutants and cleaned ballast on the opposite side of the machine.

This is because subpotential machine, containing mounted on the undercarriage frame, working bodies in the form of a rotor installed on farms with the possibility of rotation of the power cylinders on the vertical and horizontal axes, has a system of conveyors made in the form of a transverse conveyor that is located inside the rotor can be tilted in a vertical plane, conveyor feed cut ballast placed in the opposite direction in relation to farms with possibility of vertical and horizontal angular displacement of the conveyor St, the rotary conveyor.

Execution of the suspension of the rotor with a vertical axis, which is offset in the direction of operation of the machine reduces the length of the farm, which includes a rotor, and install the conveyor rotor. Moreover, the transverse conveyor rotor is made reversible.

In addition, the conveyors feeding the cut ballast provided with a valve installed at the highest point on the gimbal suspension and lower the pantograph with the console, compensating the difference of the radii of rotation of the pantograph and the conveyor at the end of which is mounted a link with vertical and horizontal joints, compensating for the change in the relative position of the conveyor and of the pantograph on the corner.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a General view webpagetitle machine.

In Fig. 2 - General view webpagetitle machine from above in the direction As indicated in Fig.1;

in Fig.3 is a view of a rotary device in the direction B indicated in Fig.2;

in Fig.4 is a view of the rotor of the device from above in the direction indicated in Fig.3.

Position in the drawing indicate: frame - 1, the undercarriage 2, the device for cutting ballast in the form of rotors 3, drive 4, the lifting farm e device 9, the conveyor of the rotor 10, the conveyor feed cut ballast - 11, flap - 12, cardan joint 13 and the console 14, the pantograph - 15-section with horizontal and vertical hinges - 16, the conveyor clean gravel - 17, the conveyor pollutants - 18, the rotary conveyor 19, the hopper - 20.

Subpotential machine has a frame 1 mounted on the undercarriage 2, the device for cutting ballast in the form of a rotor 3 with the actuator 4, is placed on the lifting farms, and the suspension of the rotor is constructed with a vertical axis 7, located at the site of action of the resulting maximum cutting force, the vertical axis 8 of the fixing trusses to the frame of the machine 1, the maximum offset from the axis of the machine in the direction of the treatment device 9, the conveyor rotor 10 mounted tiltable in a vertical plane located inside the rotor 3 due to the fact that the actuator 4 and install it next to the rotor, conveyors feed cut ballast 11, placed in the opposite direction in relation to farms with possibility of vertical and horizontal angular displacement of shutter 12 having the possibility to be installed in a position that directs the flow of ballast for the screen or in a position that directs the flow of ballast nrandom suspension 13, and at the lowest point on the pantograph 15 with the console 14, which compensates the difference of the radii of rotation of the pantograph and the conveyor element 16 with vertical and horizontal joints, conveyor clean gravel 17, located between the conveyors feeding the cut ballast in the direction of the stroke of the machine, the conveyor pollutants 18, the rotary conveyor 19, the hopper 20.

The machine operates as follows: ladle the rotor 3 by hydraulic cylinders that control the movement of farms 5 and 6, disposed in the side, lowered to the desired depth and deployed to the desired angle (depending on work).

In this position of the rotors, without involving all the conveyors, but the pipeline of the rotor 10, is cut ballast with dumping it when reversing conveyor rotor along the trench on any of its sides.

If necessary, remove excavated ballast into a movable part or dumping at a greater distance from the track axis or clean cut ballast is fed to the conveyor feed cut ballast 11, which is brought under the conveyor rotor 10, and between them can be established acceptable difference in height due to the slope of the last and the rise of env is a vertical hinges, due to their mutual movement is the flow of the stream cut out ballast from the conveyor of the rotor 10 on the conveyor feeding the cut ballast 11. Using flaps 12 ballast may be directed to the conveyor pollutants 18 for subsequent submission to the rotary conveyor 19 for loading or dumping or rumble, which cleared the rubble can be directed in a desired ratio to the ends of the sleepers or on the conveyor clean gravel 17 for loading in the structure.

Subpotential machine will provide an increase in the width of the cleaned ballast path and depth of cut when the machine is in operation with supply of ballast on the car and reset next to any of the parties.

Sources of information:

1. The USSR and.with. N 1300066, MKI E 01 27/06.

2. Russian Federation patent N 2006541, MKI E 01 27/06.

1. Subpotential machine, containing mounted on the undercarriage frame, a frame mounted on the device for cutting ballast in the form of rotors installed on farms with the possibility of rotation of the power cylinders on the vertical and horizontal axes, the treatment device and the conveyor, wherein the conveyor system made in the form of a transverse conveyor, ustanovlennogo ballast, posted by in the opposite direction in relation to farms with possibility of vertical and horizontal angular displacement of the pipeline supply of clean gravel, located between the conveyors feeding the cut ballast in the direction of the stroke of the machine, the conveyor pollutants and the rotary conveyor.

2. Subpotential machine on p. 1. characterized in that the transverse conveyor is made reversible.

3. Subpotential machine on p. 1. characterized in that the conveyor feed cut ballast provided with a valve installed at the highest point on the gimbal suspension, and the lower the pantograph with the console at the end of which is mounted a link with vertical and horizontal joints.

 

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Travel machine // 2006541
The invention relates to the field of railway transport and, in particular, to machines for excavation of the ballast of the railway track for its cleaning and/or replacement of any drainage

FIELD: railway transport; permanent way.

SUBSTANCE: method of cleaning of ballast 6 of rail track 4 by means of sieving plant 8 to separate litter and belt conveyor 14 and delivery of water comes to the following: ballast 6, after double cleaning mechanically and by means of water is again applied to rail track 4. Contaminated water is cleaned with formation of settled dirt which is then applied to litter for combined transportation by belt conveyor 14.

EFFECT: improved cleaning of ballast using water.

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FIELD: renewing or cleaning the ballast in situ, with or without concurrent work on the track.

SUBSTANCE: method for track scanning in working direction directly in front of ballast grabbing means and for recovery of track position disturbed by ballast grabbing means involves sketching the first and the second measuring chords through two end points correspondingly in track working direction; measuring indicator height in the first measuring chord zone; displacing rear end point of the second measuring chord to correct track position in track transversal direction, wherein indicator height determined by the first indicator height sensor of the first chord and path measurements are recorded in memory to take the last end point of the first measuring chord as a given position point with respect to local track point. Then as end point of the second measuring chord reaches local point above point is displaced up to position in which measured value corresponds to that stored in memory and, thereby, to predetermined position thereof, due to the second measuring chord of the second indicator height sensor. Ballast cleaning machine comprises excavation car including height-adjustable track-lift, ballast grabbing means and sizing car arranged in front of excavation car in car working direction. The first measuring chord and indicator height sensor are attached to sizing car. The second measuring chord of path measuring system with rear end point defined with respect to working direction is associated with excavation car. Path measuring system comprises track indicator and memory to store value measured by the first indicator height sensor depending upon path and to compare thereof with measured value recorded by the second indicator height sensor.

EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced time of track recovery after ballast cleaning.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: ecology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environment protection, in particular to purification of rubble and/or asbestos rail ballast from pollution with oil and can be used on rail transport. Installation contains receiving reservoir for supply of polluted ballast siftings for processing, device for washing, connected with pipeline for detergent supply. Device for washing is made in form of closed tub, is equipped with worm, loading device and device for joined removal of ballast siftings and polluted detergent solution. Installation includes unit of vibration sieves for separation of polluted detergent solution from ballast siftings and for sieving it into fractions, precipitation tank of centrifugal type with nozzles for supply of polluted detergent solution, pipelines for separate removal from precipitation tank of separated oil products, detergent solution and sludge, belt filter-press for sludge dehydration, reactor for chemical sludge neutralisation, galvanic coagulator for removal of heavy metal salts and residual oil products from detergent solution. Galvanic coagulator is connected by pipelines to device for washing and pipeline with reactor for chemical sludge neutralisation.

EFFECT: high degree of ballast siftings purification is achieved with simultaneous efficient phase separation, reduction of dangerous wastes formation and energy consumption for the process.

2 dwg

FIELD: ecology.

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EFFECT: high degree of ballast siftings purification is achieved with simultaneous efficient phase separation, reduction of dangerous wastes formation and energy consumption for the process.

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FIELD: process engineering.

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EFFECT: reduced friction between material grains that minimises complex spatial motion of said grains.

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises complete cutting-out of ballast, its cleaning, filling lower layer to be leveled and compacted, filling new layer of breakstone thereon. Compaction of ballast lower layer is carried out by vertical static and dynamic effects brought about by wedge-like compactors on ballast surface in zones between sleepers. Said wedge-like compactors are mounted on breakstone cleaning or special ballast-compacting machine. New layer of breakstone is compacted by hammering machine and dynamic stabiliser that transfers vibration onto assembled rails and sleepers and onto breakstone ballast.

EFFECT: higher stability of track.

4 dwg

FIELD: motor car construction.

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EFFECT: decreased labor input.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: invention provides for increased efficiency of a track construction complex during mechanised development of soil and its strengthening.

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FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: reduced quantity of process operations and reduced harmful effect at environment.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

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