Ripper-injector "rites"

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to mining and can be used in construction, agriculture and other sectors of the economy. The invention is directed to a device multi-purpose and allows you to create a soil profile of the required quality in the process of restoring the biological activity of soils, including from the destroyed rock placed in dumps mining industry. This objective is achieved in that the device includes a rack, a casing Ripper, equipped with removable, rotary plow, gas, materialprobe, the path of the supply and distribution of the substances according to the invention hour and a casing Ripper injector is made hollow, and inside them posted pipeline, materialprobe, the path of the supply and distribution of substances width Ripper made bell shape and is equipped with an ejector device, and which partitions the distribution channels are integral, sliding into the neck of the upper part of the body of the cultivator sections are passive rotating ripping harrows, and on the face cheeks inside the building the mi rotating ripping harrows mounted hinge pin rippers, sliding in the underlying layer in areas of heavy soils, and between the perforated conical holes of the outer surface of the housing Ripper and casing from the inner side has a cavity at this hour Ripper is attached pivotally to the frame of the propulsion unit through the two-way hydraulic cylinder. 4 Il. table 1.

The invention relates to mining and is intended for remediation and reclamation of soils during the works on the reconstruction of the soil profile and create conditions for the growth of plants. The invention can be used in construction, agriculture and other sectors of the economy.

In the process of the patent search, the authors have reviewed the descriptions of such devices by author's certificates NN 231251, 277430, 670259, 701558, 718530, 733531, 933015, 934938, 936842, 952138, 1071246, 1477289, 1556563. In addition, the authors have reviewed the designs of machines for transporting and spreading liquid manure (see table. at the end of the description)

Known design tillage body (A. S. N 733531 A 01 B 35/32, A 01 B 49/02, bull. N 18 from 15.05.80 year), including a rack mounted on it pastoriusa paw and a rotary blade at the trailing edge of the wings, legs made of longitudinal slots, which are placed with the opportunity to contribute in the subsurface layer of the fertilizer mixture.

A known design for subsurface liquid fertilizers application (A. S. N 936842 A 01 C 23/02 bull. N 23 from 23.06.82 year), including a rack attached to the rack body work, discharge pipe and mounted underneath the deflector, the deflector is made in the form having the shape of an isosceles trapezoid camera installed inside walls and spring-loaded alignment flow of fertilizers, forming in the chamber receiving the distribution compartment, and a cover mounted rippers, and on the bottom parallel to the sides of the camera telling you from receiving a distribution compartment, the flow of fertilizers with rounded side spring-loaded alignment flow fertilizers ends, with the rear edge of the bottom of the camera is at an angle to the cap.

The disadvantage of this device is that it does not provide a function is entered in the subsurface layer of granular solids.

The closest device to offer the technical essence is a working body for soil liquid fertilizer according to the description (A. S. N 1477289 bull. 17 from 7.05.89 g) containing materialprobe with evenly spaced along its length distribution overstay this connector contains tubes, installed in the holes aligned with the junction holes, and hole diameters of the tubes is made less than the diameter distribution of holes.

The disadvantage of this device is the inability called desktop authority both of the following additional features: the making of dry organic and mineral fertilizers and substances ameliorants, underground covering protivogistaminnyh film materials, the optimization of the process of immersion of the working body in the subsurface horizons, reducing the resistance of the working body under its subsoil movement.

The purpose of the proposed device is to create a mechanical body multi-purpose for obtaining the soil profile of the required quality in the process of restoring the biological activity of soils, including from the destroyed rock placed in dumps mining industry.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the design of the Ripper-injector includes a rack, a casing Ripper, equipped with removable, rotary plow, gas, materialprobe, the path of the supply and distribution of substances, characterized in that hour the ACI and distribution of substances width Ripper made bell shape and is equipped with an ejector device, and which partitions the distribution channels are integral, retractable, cut the upper part of the body of the cultivator sections are passive rotary harrows, the height of which above the body of the Ripper is regulated, and at the end cheeks inside the cultivator mounted clamps for fastening and loosening of the coils of an impervious film, coaxially with the rotating sections ripping harrows mounted hinge pin rippers, sliding in the underlying layer in areas of heavy soils, and between the perforated conical holes of the outer surface of the housing Ripper and the casing inner side has a cavity at this hour Ripper-injector is mounted pivotally to the frame of the propulsion device and through the two-way hydraulic cylinder.

In a graphics application shows a General view of the Ripper-injector (Fig. 1), a section along the line a-a (Fig. 2), view site, showing the design to guide the gas flow to create a softening cushion around the recessed part of the body of the Ripper (Fig. 3) and the control circuit tilting Ripper (Fig. 4).

The device includes a rack Ripper-injector 1, the body loose the project rolls impervious film 6, end cheeks of the housing 7, the grippers 8 for installation sections rotating ripping harrows 9, ejector device for the supply and distribution of substances across the width of the grip 10, the path of the supply and distribution of substances bell form 11, which partitions the distribution channel 12, the rolls impervious film 13, whip rippers bottom layer 14, the axis of the rotating sections ripping harrows 15, the return spring pin rippers 16, the recessed surface of the housing Ripper 17, a tapered hole 18, the gas cushion 19, the housing Ripper 20, the working space 21, the swivel stand to the frame mover 22, the trajectory of penetration of the hull Ripper 23, the two-way hydraulic cylinder 24, the hose and hose rack Ripper 25, swivel cylinder with a rack Ripper 26, the cavity between the outer surface of the housing Ripper and casing 27.

Functional relationships of certain structures Ripper injector includes a rack 1 which is connected to the housing of the Ripper 2, equipped with a removable rotary blade 3, the pipeline 4, materialprobe 5, clamps for fixing and unwinding rolls of membrane film 6 are mounted on the end cheeks is jectory the feeder and distribution of substances width of the cultivator 10 is equipped with the path of the supply and distribution of substances bell shape 11, which partitions distribution channels 12 are integral, retractable to adjust the height of the cross section of the channels when the phase change introduced in the soil of substances, i.e. for the formation of tubular channel when introducing solids, the position of the passive sections rotating ripping harrows 9 above the body of the Ripper 2 is height adjustable rolls impervious film 13 is hung on the hooks 6, automatically retractable whip rippers lower layer 14 posted by hinged coaxially to the axis of the rotating section ripping harrows 15 between them, the horizontal position rippers take due to the action of the return spring 16, and a vertical position, owing to the increasing pressure of the prism of soil, passing between the harrows, the recessed surface of the housing Ripper 17 has a perforation of the tapered hole 18, through which gases under pressure due to expire outward, forming a gas cushion 19 around the body of the Ripper, the body of the Ripper is inside the cavity, parallel to the exterior surface and separated by a casing 20 from the working space 21 of the housing Ripper, hour Ripper is attached pivotally to the frame of the propulsion unit 22, and the trajectory of the ar pressure in the space of the casing housing the Ripper is carried out by a flexible hose and hose rack Ripper 25, swivel stand Ripper and cylinder 26, the injection of gases into the cavity between the outer surface of the housing Ripper and casing 27 provides a low energy at the depth of the Ripper.

The operation of the device in the following order. Before sinking into the ground hull Ripper-injector 2, equipped with a removable rotary blade 3 through the rack 1, which is the pipeline 4 and materialprobe 5 through the pipeline gas in the ejector device 10 in the path of the supply and distribution of substances bell shape 11 and then through distribution channels 12. The gas enters in the working space 21, going through the tapered hole 18, the cavity between the outer surface of the housing Ripper and casing 27 creates a gas cushion 19 between the housing Ripper 20 and the surrounding soils. Simultaneously with the gas supply corps Ripper buried in the soil to the desired depth with feed forward movement of the tractor on the least energy-intensive path of penetration of the hull Ripper 23. Simultaneously with the supply of gas in underground layers of soil can be supplied loose or liquid substances improver, water, fertilizers over the counter 1 flexible hose and the hose in the article is olony impervious film 13 are mounted in the clamps for fastening and unwinding rolls of film 6 on the end cheeks of the housing 7, thus the free end of the film anchored on the earth's surface and the roll starts to spin freely inside the body, spreading under the land of another layer of the film. Whip rippers lower layer 14 posted pivotally and coaxially to the axis of the rotating section ripping harrows 15, ejected due to the pressure of the layer of soil, moving between sections of a rotating ripping harrows 9 installed in the grips 8, in areas of heavy soil and occupy the former position by reducing the resistance of the soil through the action of the return spring 16. After another pass unit recessed surface of the housing Ripper-injector 17 is extracted from the ground by means of two-way hydraulic cylinder 24, the hinge connection of the rack to the frame of the propulsion unit 22 and the hinged connection of the cylinder with a rack Ripper 26, and the operation repeated.

The estimated economic effect of the application device when the biological restoration of lands disturbed by mining operations in the Far East regions of Russia will amount to 6 million rubles per hectare in prices to 31.12.1997,

Ripper-injector, comprising a rack, a casing Ripper, equipped with removable, rotary plow, the pipeline, the Torah hollow and inside them posted pipeline, materialprobe, the path of the supply and distribution of substances width Ripper made bell shape and is equipped with an ejector device, and which partitions the distribution channels are integral, retractable, cut the upper part of the body of the cultivator sections are passive rotating ripping harrows, and end-cheeks, inside mounted clamps for fastening and loosening of the coils of an impervious film, coaxially with the rotating sections ripping harrows mounted hinge pin rippers, sliding in the underlying layer in areas of heavy soils, and between the perforated conical holes of the outer surface of the housing Ripper and casing from the inner side has a cavity at this hour Ripper is attached pivotally to the frame of the propulsion unit through the two-way hydraulic cylinder.

 

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FIELD: agriculture, in particular, equipment for zonal application of liquid fertilizer and pesticides into soil.

SUBSTANCE: injector has drum with hollow needles, system for supplying liquid to needles, and cam mounted on drum shaft. Injector is provided with plate pivotally connected to hollow needle and stem located in parallel with needle axis for axial displacement relative to needle. Stem rests upon supporting path of cam through rollers. Cam is immovably fixed on shaft and its supporting path is formed as single coil of flat spiral. Spiral center is arranged at stem axis and injector axis intersection point.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing closing with soil of holes filled with liquid.

2 cl, 6 dwg

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