Insecticidal composition "rebar-neo"
(57) Abstract:Insecticidal composition based on synthetic pyrethroids, which can be used to combat domestic insects, has the following composition, wt. %: deltamethrin 1.0 to 1.5, neodynamic of 0.05-0.1, chalk 60-64, kaolin 30-34, dye phtalocyanines 0.05 to 0.15, starch 0,2-0,4, water the rest. The composition allows the use of the tool in the form of chalk with high performance properties. 5 table. The invention relates to compositions based on synthetic pyrethroids, which can be used to deal with household insects, such as insecticide chalks.You know the way to deal with household insects, containing wt.%:
Permethrin, deltamethrin, neodynamic, chlorophos and other active substances - 0,2 - 5,0
The regulator of the development of insect - 0,15 - 0,5
Sunflower oil - 30 - 40
Wheat bread crumbs - Rest
This tool is used as a food bait (RV 2077199 A 01 N 25/00, 1997).Known synergistic compositions on the basis of pererodlene active components containing deltamethrin, piperonyl piperonyl and special additive (patent RV 2069058 A 01 N 53/00, 1996 is an example of deltamethrin, chalk, kaolin, starch and dye ("Disinfection Affairs". Bulletin of the national Association of disinfectants No. 1, page 19, Moscow, 1997).However, the known arrangement is not effective enough.The present invention is the creation of an effective insecticidal composition that can be used as chalk.The problem is solved described insecticidal composition containing deltamethrin, neodynamic, chalk, kaolin, phtalocyanine dye, starch and water in the following ratio, wt.%:
Deltamethrin - 1,0 - 1,5
Neodynamic - 0,05 - 0,1
Chalk - 60 - 64
Kaolin - 30 - 34
Dye phtalocyanine - 0,05 - 0,15
Starch - 0,2 - 0,4
Water - the Rest
The above relations are necessary and sufficient to solve the problem.The chemical formula of active ingredients.Deltamethrin:
(S)-alpha-cyano-m-phenoxybenzyl.(1R.3R)-3-(2.2 dibromovinyl) 2,2-dimethyl-cyclopropane-carboxylate.Neodynamic:
3,4,5,6-tetrahydroaminoacridine.The structural formula
< / BR>Unlike the prototype - insecticidal composition, brigadnov of 0.1%.The presence of neopentane in the specified quantity gives the composition of the provoke ability, i.e., if the composition along with deltamethrin, taken in an amount of 1.0 to 1.5%, there is neodynamic in the amount not lower than 0.05% and not higher than 0.1%, the activity of household insects increases dramatically (see table. 4).In addition, the presence of neopentane it is in the claimed range (0,05 - 0,1%), in addition to deltamethrin, taken in an amount of 1.0 - 1.5 per cent, allowed us to obtain an additional effect of high residual effect during the entire period of observation. The claimed composition, moreover, has almost no resistance in insects unlike part of the prototype.Known composition (USSR N 631051) containing neodynamic and permethrin at a ratio of 1:9 to 9:1 and the content in the composition is from 0.05 to 90 wt.%, but from this source of information, it remains unclear what the composition will be characterized by the absence of resistance and lead to increased activity of the insects.We have conducted research on the effectiveness of the composition containing permethrin and neodynamic in different ratios and concentrations, but this effect as the claimed compositions, marked not Militello of neopentane, but the specific amount of all components of the composition, allowing to obtain it in the form of chalk, with high efficiency and satisfactory mechanical properties and good adhesion to solid surfaces of various materials.We had been prepared structures with the stated lower, upper and average content of components (see table. A).Compounds No. 1, 2, and 3 showed the same efficiency, as described in table. 1 to 4. All compounds 1, 2 and 3 are plotted in the scatter of the data shown in the table. 1 to 4.When you exit the stated intervals the task has not been solved, but because other than stated in the formula of the contents of the components are not the subject of the present invention, the applicant does not present this type of information.Technology of preparation of the claimed composition is as follows.Technology of preparation of these compounds comprises the sequential loading components in a laboratory mixer type "ERWEKA" to produce a pasty mass, which is then transmitted to the extrusion to obtain a profile of chalk using a suitable Spinneret, followed by drying of the finished crayons in tempera the anti-shudder performance of the prototype, or did not meet other criteria.Evaluation of the insecticidal activity of the composition was performed in laboratory conditions, using for experiments insects 5 species: red cockroach (Blatella germanika L. ) and black (Blatta orientalis L.), the bed bug (Cimex lectularius L.), the fly room (Musca domestika L.), the rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis Roths).The exposure time, as usual, was 15 minutes for bugs and cockroaches and 5 minutes for flies and fleas.Consumption rates (table. 1) amounted to 0.5, and 1.0, 3.0 and 5.0 g/m2.Cockroaches, who was paralyzed after exposure, were killed within 3 to 4 subsequent days.Fleas, bedbugs, flies died within 2 to 24 hours after exposure (table. 2).The results presented in table. 1 and 2, show high insecticidal activity funds for the complex kinds of household insects. Evaluation of the duration of the residual effect showed that the tool retains 100% activity for 4 weeks (observation period) for the whole complex of the studied species (table. 3).The obtained results allow to recommend for the practical application of the rate of flow equal to 5 g/m2.Was conducted with whom ispolzovanie free method of contacting insects (30 copies) with treated surfaces, placed in enclosures 50x40 cm (2 re). With constant monitoring experiment counting diseased and dead insects through 30, 40 and 50 minutes, then in 1 hour 20 minutes 1 hour 50 minutes, 4 hours and 24 hours, using a wooden surface (unpainted plywood), processed (5 g/m2the stated composition and structure of the prototype (table. 4).It has been established that the plates treated with the composition stated, cockroaches rushed much more readily than to the plates treated with the composition of the prototype, which indicates the presence of provoking action from neopentane.It was established experimentally that when accounting for 30 minutes in cages containing plates, treated with the composition stated, was struck and 38.6% (mean value of 2 replicates) cockroaches, tool-prototype (P) and 15.3% (table. 4). After 40 minutes, the amount of infected has increased in experiment I to 59.9%, in experiment II to 28.6%, 50 minutes later, the number affected has increased in the experience of I - to 88.6 per cent in the second - to 46.3%.From the above data we can conclude about high efficiency funds in contrast to compositions containing separately neodynamic separately and deltamethrin in the same concentrations and the district properties. Insecticidal composition containing deltamethrin, chalk, kaolin, dye, starch and water, characterized in that it further comprises neodynamic in the following ratio, wt.%:
Deltamethrin - 1,0 - 1,5
Neodynamic - 0,05 - 0,1
Chalk - 60 - 64
Kaolin - 30 - 34
Dye phtalocyanine - 0,05 - 0,15
Starch - 0,2 - 0,4
Water - The Rest
FIELD: agriculture and food-processing industry, in particular, composition used in the process of storage and transportation of roots, fruit products and raw plant material.
SUBSTANCE: composition comprises potassium or sodium pyrosulfite 93-96 wt%, binder such as polyethylene glycol with mean molar weight of 4,000 - 3.6 wt%, polyethylene glycol with mean molar weight of 400 - 1-2 wt%. Composition creates medium destructive for various kinds of phytopathogenic fungi, mold, malignant bacteria and dangerous Arthropods.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting fruits and vegetables during storage and postharvest transportation.
FIELD: sanitary treatment of agricultural objects.
SUBSTANCE: invention provides bactericidal sulfur aerosol generating pyrotechnic composition comprising elementary sulfur, flame-suppressing and burning-stabilizing additives, and pyrotechnic base in the form of ammonium nitrate-coal mixture.
EFFECT: achieved safe formation of easily inflaming sulfur aerosol at relatively low cost and being low-sensitive to various pulsed impacts.
SUBSTANCE: claimed herbicidal agent comprises postemergence herbicide and carrier selected from group containing Fuller's earth, aerogel, high molecular polyglycoles and (met)acrylic acid-based polymers or copolymers thereof, with the proviso, that if as carrier Fuller's earth is used, herbicide is not Paraquat. This herbicide is used in weed controlling. Herbicidal agent of present invention may be applied prior weed growing out.
EFFECT: herbicidal agent with improved quality.
11 cl, 9 tbl
FIELD: preparations against rodents of murine type.
SUBSTANCE: the suggested rodenticide preparation contains a food basis, an attractant, flavorings, an aromatizing agent, a substance to prevent a man against the intake of the above-mentioned preparation, a dyestuff and an active substance, moreover, elements of food basis are designed to be of different geometrical shape made of baked product at addition of yeast being one of the attractant's components and thermally treated till the development of pronounced porosity, friability and at moisture content of not more than 10%, moreover, the preparation contains components at the following ratio, weight%: attractant 3-10%, flavorings 2-5%, aromatizing agent 0.1-1.0%, substance to prevent a man and domestic animals against the intake of the above-mentioned preparation being within 0.005-0.020% against the intake of food product, stabilizer against mold and oxidation 0.02-0.2%, preventive dyestuff 0.05-1.5%, active substance 0.005-1.5, food basis - the rest.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
8 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, deratization means.
SUBSTANCE: rodenticide composition comprises tetraphenacin, attractant such as sugar, non-refined vegetable oil, cocoa or dry milk, food base such as grain, cereal groats or combined feed, sulfaquinoxaline, and may contain colorant such as carmoisin, chlorophyll or ponceaux. Components are used in predetermined ratios.
EFFECT: reduced utilization time and enhanced activity of composition.
5 cl, 16 ex
SUBSTANCE: wasp and hornet elimination means is bait adapted for placing into trap. Said means contains sugar, yeast, and filler, with wheat grits, ground bread hardtacks, flour or mixture thereof with fruit powder being used as filler and taken in the ratio of 1:1. Said means also contains surfactants such as sulfonol, sodium tripolyphosphate and the like. Toxic bait contains less than 1 wt% of diazinone. Method involves solving bait in effective amount of water; pouring in trap; hanging traps on plot, with number of traps constituting 1-2 pieces per 100 m2 of plot.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of wasp and hornet elimination means.
3 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular composition for rat controlling.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains anticoagulant as active ingredient, attractant and food base, wherein as anticoagulant it contains zoocumarin and additionally sulfaquinoxaline in the next component ratio (mass %): zoocumarin 0.01-0.05; attractant 0.3-6.0; sulfaquinoxaline 0.025-0.1; and balance: food base. Rodenticide composition as attractant contains sugar; non-refined vegetable oil; cocoa, or desiccated milk; and as food base it contains corn, cereal grains, or compound feed; additionally it may contain 0.02-0.05 % of colorant such as chlorophyll, etc.
EFFECT: composition for effective rodent controlling.
5 cl, 15 ex
SUBSTANCE: described is attractant composition for male elaters Crimean Agriotes tauricus (Coleoptera, Elateridae). Common attaractant composition used in agriculture for vermin protection of plants containing mixed 3,7-dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadiene-1-ol-3-methylbutanoate (40-68.0%), 2,6- dimethyl-trans-2, trans-6-octadiene-1,8-diol-di-(3-methylbutanoate) (18-55.5%), 3,7,11-trimethyl-trans-2, trans-6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol-3-methylbutanoate (4-10%), 3,7-dimethyl-cys-2,6- octadiene-1-ol-3-methylbutanoate (0.5-4.0%)) is added with ceresin at following component ratio, wt %: ceresin - 10.0-99.0; specified mix - 1.0-90.0.
EFFECT: production of attractant composition of long attractant activity.
SUBSTANCE: herbicidal composition is made on the bases of 3.6-dichlorpyridine-2-carboxylic acid and substituted arylsulfonylheterylcarbamide. As a derivative of 3.6-dichlorpyridine-2-carboxylic acid it contains alcohol esters of C7-C10 356- dichlorpyridine-2-carboxylic acid or their mixtures, at the following components ratio, wt %: C7-C10 alcohol esters; 3,6-dichlorpyridine-2-carboxylic acid or their mixture - 40-75; substituted arylsulfonylheterylcarbamide - 1-5; surface -active agent 15-35; carrying agent - the remaining.
EFFECT: increases consistency of composition.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention contains micro-particles each including matrix and chemical substance distributed thereinto. The matrix corresponds to liposomes or nano-particles of silicon dioxide; also the surface of the matrix contains natural hydrocarbon containing compounds able specifically to bind with root surface. Liposomes are obtained out of egg phosphatidylcholine and their surface contains lipopolysaccharides of the outer membrane of bacteria Azospirillum brasilense Sp245. The surface of the matrix out of silicon dioxide contains polysaccharides of wheat roots Triticum aestivum L of Saratovskaya 29 breed. Micro-particles are of 0.01-0.2 mcm size.
EFFECT: diminishing anthropogenic load to arable land and environment.
3 cl, 6 ex, 6 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to acaricidal agent containing (mass %): alpha-cypermetrin 0.15-0.25; imiprotrin 0.10-0.35; N-octylbicycloheptadicarboximide 0.8-1.2; triethylene glycol 1.0-2.0; solvent 43.0-50.0; and balance: hydrocarbon propellant.
EFFECT: acaricide of increased effectiveness against red ticks (Rhipiceplalus everti).
2 cl, 4 tbl