The method of loading of the container on the transport platform and a transport unit for implementing the method

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention allows the loading of the container on the transport platform on unprepared ground and provides after loading the preset position of the container on the transport platform. In the embodiment, the loading can be performed without external load-lifting means. Before loading, the transport platform is placed under the container, mounted on adjustable supports. Transport platform pivotally connected to the container with tie rods. Produce lift transport facility to contact her cargo area with the supporting surface of the container. At the same time provide the specified position of the transport platform relative to the container. Then the container together with the transport platform is lowered to the reference pad with adjustable feet. Remove adjustable feet. Fix the mutual position of the container and transport platform. In an embodiment as use adjustable feet mounted on the container remote pivoting supports, which are removed in the transport position. The transport unit includes a transport platform established the contact with the reference area. The transport unit is equipped with paired with the container lifting drive of the transport platform. The lifting drive is made with rods, forming a pendulum suspension of the transport platform. On the transport platform and the container may be made directing elements interacting with each other. The transport unit is equipped with a removable fixing of the relative position of the container and transport platform. In the embodiment of the lifting drive performed as mounted on the frame of the transport platform screw mechanisms, and traction is made removable. 2 s and 5 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

The invention relates to hoisting and transport machinery and can be used, in particular for loading and unloading containers, combined with antenna systems, radar stations, made with the possibility of placing on the vehicle.

There is a method of loading a container on a transport platform, which is carried out in the antenna installation mobile radar station "Lure" that contains a container with equipment, combined with the antenna system (Bogatyrev South Direction ACS army air defence of Germany and the USA. "C is I on the chassis 10-ton utility vehicle. When working radar station container with equipment can be located on the vehicle chassis or on a specially prepared items for which the device is equipped with external pivoting of the supports that are installed with the possibility of contact with the ground. The latter are mounted on the ends of the housing container. The device enables rapid deployment of a radar station during its relocation. If you install a radar station on a specially prepared position the container with the equipment to pull over the vehicle chassis by means of a remote rotating bearings and chassis removed from under the container. Loading the container with the equipment is carried out in reverse order. During transportation of the container mounted on the container remote pivoting supports are removed in the transport position.

The disadvantage of this method is that it involves carrying out loading on a specially prepared positions. Under these conditions, the loading platform can be provided with interacting with the vehicle chassis elements adjust to any misalignment of the chassis at a desired position relative to the container from the apparatus. In terms of the military and the operation of loading is quite complex.

There is a method of loading a container on a transport platform, which is carried out by the device according to patent application N CIS countries 0287185, IPC4B 66 C 13/08, 1988.

In the specified way container hung on the ropes of the crane and through the pointing device provides the exact position of the container relative to the transport platform upon which to place the container. Positioning device comprises two sliding chute communicating with the container and pivotally suspended on the respective carriages moving along the rail.

The disadvantages of this method of loading of the container on the transport platform can be considered sufficient complexity positioning device used in the process, and the need to use lifting tools, passport specifications which meet the parameters of the loaded container.

Also known a technique in which the specified relative position of joined parts provide due to their suspension using the supplied gripping bodies rigid rods that are installed with the possibility of horizontal and vertical movement. This method is the possibility of joining the goods provide raising and lowering the load with hard rods and moving thrust with the load in the horizontal plane.

The known method provides high accuracy of the relative position of joined parts, however, involves the use of relatively complex mechanisms for vertical and horizontal movement of the rigid rod.

The most similar set of features to the proposed method is the method of loading of the container on the transport platform, which is a device on the bus. St. USSR N 1661117, IPC5B 65 G 67/02, B 66 F 1/06, 1988.

The known method is that it is installed on the box heavy-duty container at the ends of its side lateral (longitudinal) walls attach four portable height-adjustable supports. With adjustable feet make the ascent of the container at four points to separation from a goat. Remove the goats, then under the container place of transport (the frame of the trailer or container). Put the container on the transport platform with adjustable feet, then removed adjustable feet. Unloading of the transport platform is carried out in reverse order. Loading-unloading in the known method is carried out on a flat discharge pcontainer on the transport platform in terms unprepared (position). In addition, the disadvantages of this method include sufficient complexity to provide the required position of the container relative to the transport platform, and the need for places of loading and unloading additional lifting means in the form of portable height-adjustable dispute.

Known transport unit containing a container with equipment, combined with the antenna of the radar system, made with the possibility of placement on the chassis of the all terrain vehicle (Bogatyrev South Direction ACS army air defence of Germany and the USA. "Zarubezhnoye Voyennoye Obozreniye" N 3'4'5', 1992, S. 46-47, Fig. 1). The container apparatus may be located on the vehicle chassis or on a specially prepared items for which the device is equipped with external pivoting of the supports that are installed with the possibility of contact with the ground. The latter are mounted on the ends of the housing container. When installed radar on a specially prepared position the container with the equipment to pull over the vehicle chassis by means of a remote rotating bearings and chassis removed from under the container. Loading the container with the equipment on the vehicle chassis assests eraut in the transport position.

A disadvantage of the known transport unit is that it involves carrying out loading on a specially prepared site (position).

The closest to the essential features with the inventive transport unit is the device listed in the description by the author. St. USSR N 1661117 (IPC5B 65 G 67/02, B 66 F 1/06, 1988).

The known device comprises a transport platform (semi-trailer) is installed on the container, is arranged to support four portable height-adjustable supports mounted for contact with a flat loading space. Portable support can be attached to the container at the ends of its side lateral longitudinal walls. Every portable support includes a support portion that has an inbuilt Jack and above it, a supporting part having placed one under the other tabs to enter into the eyelets on the side of the container. Support and a supporting part connected between a cargo jet. Cargo jet interacts with a nut installed on a supporting part, and a shank it enters into the sleeve of antifriction material, ustanovlennuyu load.

When unloading the car with container set on a flat discharge space and fixed to the portable container support. To do this, the hooks are executed on a supporting part of a portable support, enter in the corresponding lugs of the container and presses the latter. In the same way produce the fastening three other portable supports. Then the weight of the screw preferably simultaneously at all four pillars produce lift container at four points from detachment from the frame of the transport platform. After lifting the container transport platform is removed from under the container, which can be omitted on the box for subsequent handling.

A disadvantage of the known device is that it provides for carrying out loading and unloading only on a flat loading area, i.e., on a specially prepared. In addition, in the known device is not provided when loading the required position of the container relative to the transport platform. The disadvantages of the known devices include the need for portable height adjustable feet at all loading sites.

The problem solved by the invention is the provision of Vodyanik funds while ensuring a given relative position of its parts.

Specified single task in the exercise of invention the object of the method is solved by the fact that in the known method of loading the container on the transport platform, providing before loading accommodation transport platform under the container, mounted on adjustable supports according to the invention after placement of the transport platform for container transport platform pivotally connected to the container by means of tie rods. Produce lift transport platform to contact her cargo area with the supporting surface of the container. At the same time provide the specified position of the transport platform relative to the container. Then the container together with the transport platform is lowered to the reference pad with adjustable feet. Remove adjustable feet, then fix the mutual position of the container and transport platforms.

In addition, when lifting transport platform predetermined position of the transport platform relative to the container to provide by means of guide elements, performed respectively on the transport platform and the container.

However, as the adjustable feet are used with the E. This allows the loading of the container on the transport platform without using an external lifting means.

The technical result of the use of the proposed method is that it enables the loading of the container on the transport platform on unprepared ground and provides after loading the preset position of the container on the transport platform. In addition, the proposed method allows loading without using an external lifting means.

Specified single task in the exercise of invention the device object is solved by the fact that the known transport unit containing a transport platform is installed on the container, is arranged to support on adjustable legs mounted for contact with a support platform according to the invention is equipped with a container lifting drive of the transport platform, made with rods, forming a pendulum suspension of the transport platform. While on the transport platform and the container may be made directing elements interacting with each other.

Xia supports.

In addition, the lifting drive of the transport platform is designed as mounted on the frame of the transport platform screw mechanisms. Traction is made removable and is supplied mounted on their ends of the engagement elements, each interacting with the formation of the hinge element of the gearing, mounted respectively on the screw mechanism and the container.

The transport unit can be equipped with a removable fixing of the relative position of the container and transport platforms.

The technical result of the proposed use of the transport Assembly is that the Assembly does not require the use of an external lifting means and can be performed on unprepared ground. In addition, the proposed transport unit provides a adjust to any misalignment its constituent parts in a specified position in their articulation.

It is claimed the transport unit due to the peculiarities of its construction, execution, particularly paired with the container, the lifting drive of the transport platform, made with rods, forming a pendulum suspension of the transport platform, provides according to the proposed method vozmojnoi specified position of the container on the transport platform and thereby the achievement of the specified objectives of the inventions.

Thus, the claimed group of inventions to meet the requirement of unity of invention, since the group runobject inventions form a single inventive concept, both group object of the invention is aimed at solving the same problem for a single technical result.

In Fig. 1 shows a transport unit in the initial lifting of the transport platform, General view; Fig. 2 - this is the same view As in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - device fixing the mutual position of the container and the transport platform; Fig. 4 - a device for fastening a removable thrust to the container and the transport platform; Fig. 5 - mount removable thrust to the container cross-section B-B in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 - mount removable thrust screw mechanism mounted on the transport platform section b-b of Fig. 4; Fig. 7 - screw drive mechanism of the hoist transport platform.

The transport unit includes a transport platform 1 is installed on the container 2. In the embodiment of the invention the latter is a container with equipment, combined with the antenna of the radar system (not shown). The container includes a housing 3 with a square is x pivoting of the supports 5, installed with the possibility of contact with the reference area 6 (e.g., ground) via removable base plates 7. Mentioned supports are mounted on the body of the container with the possibility of accommodation in the transport position along the container within its lateral dimension. In the embodiment of the invention the supports (5) provided with a hydraulic cylinder 8, which are part of a hydraulic drive hanging and leveling of the aforementioned antenna system.

With the container 2 is conjugate drive hoist transport platform, made with removable rods 9. The latter is in the form of straps forming a pendulum suspension of the transport platform. Thanks pendulum suspension during loading of the container allows free movement of the transport platform to give the latter the desired position relative to the container, thereby reducing the requirements for mutual position of the transport platform and the container prior to loading, as well as the requirements of reference (unloading) ground. In this case, the support platform may be unprepared. The lifting drive of the transport platform is designed as mounted on the frame 10 t is t Rethimno fastened to the frame 10 of the housing 12, in which is rotatably mounted lead screw 13, which interacts with a screwed nut 14 that is associated with the rod 15. Lead screw provided with a crank 16. The free end of the rod 15 is made with the engagement element in the form of lugs, interacting via a removable axis 17 with the engagement element in the form of a fork attached to the end of the removable traction 9. The other ends of the removable rods have similar elements of the gearing, interacting by means of respective removable axle 17 with the elements of the gearing in the form of eyelets attached to the container. In the embodiment of the invention, for constructional reasons mentioned lugs made on removable brackets 18, made with the possibility of their installation on buildings relevant external rotating bearings 5 mounted on the container. The implementation of the brackets 18 and screw mechanisms 11 removable is not required.

In the embodiment, the removable traction is made flexible. In another embodiment, they can be made rigid. The lifting drive of the transport platform can be performed, for example, in the form of screw mechanisms, respectively installed on the remote turning the supports 5 and connected everyone who is thrust Rethimno connect to the frame of the transport platform and perform fixed.

The frame 10 of the transport platform is equipped with two vertical pins 19 with a tapered lead-in surface that interacts with the corresponding slots 20 in the form of guide holes formed on the platform 4 of the container. The pin 19 and slot 20 are located in the vertical plane of symmetry, respectively, of the transport platform and the container and when the container loading function as guides and centering elements, and after the loading function as locking elements, excluding mutual displacement of the container and the transport platform in a horizontal plane. In an embodiment, the pins 19 are removable, which extends the use of the transport platform.

The transport unit is equipped with a device for fixing the mutual position of the container and transport platform. In the embodiment of the invention the latter is in the form of four detachable lanyards 21.

In the embodiment of the invention, the transport platform is a trailer. In another embodiment, it may be, for example, the chassis of the car.

In the embodiment of the invention a method of loading a container on a transport platform realizuyuschiesya bearings 5 mounted above the base platform 6 on the height, sufficient to accommodate the vehicle platform 1 under the container. Under the container wheel transport platform (trailer) 1 to the location of the body 3 of the container above the cargo area of the transport platform. On the container through a remote pivoting support fix removable brackets 18 and the frame 10 of the transport platform is fixed removable screw mechanisms 11. After this, the said brackets and screw mechanisms respectively connected by removable rods 9 with removable axles 17.

Rotating manually adjustable tap wrenches 16 screw mechanisms 11, produce lift transport platform to the entrance of the pins 19 in the socket 20 and the contact of the cargo area of the transport platform with a support surface of the power frame of the container. After separation of the transport platform from platform 6 due to the pendulum suspension of the transport platform is adjust to any misalignment of the transport platform relative to the container regardless of their relative position prior to loading.

Then the container transport platform by hydraulic cylinders 8 external rotating bearings 5 is lowered onto the supporting platform 6. Take off the detachable traction 9 and removable kronstain container and transport platform with removable buckles 21.

In another embodiment of the method (not shown) adjustable feet can be made in the form of sum of height adjustable feet.

Thus, the proposed loading method allows the loading of the container on the transport platform on unprepared ground and provides after loading the preset position of the container on the transport platform. While in the embodiment of the invention, the proposed method allows loading without external load-lifting means.

Transport unit operates as follows.

In the transport position the container is located on the transport platform (in the embodiment of the trailer). Remote pivoting support occupy a position along the container and are strategydriven under the body of the container. The pins 19 are located in the slots 20, providing a specified position of the container relative to the transport platform in a horizontal plane. The position of the container relative to the transport platform fixed detachable lanyards 21.

In the embodiment of the invention the container is combined with the antenna analyst who we are, pre-take off the detachable lanyards 21, deploy remote pivoting support 5 and the cylinders 8 install removable base plate 7, the dimensions of which allow for the deployment of a radar in soft unprepared ground. Then the container by means of a hydraulic actuator hanging and leveling of the antenna system is lifted above the cargo area of the transport platform, for example, 100 mm, after which the transport platform rolls back out of the container.

When the relocation of an antenna system of the radar to make the loading of the container on the transport platform, for which the container with the antenna of the radar system with the help of hydraulic cylinders 8 external rotating bearings 5 mounted above the base platform 6 at a height sufficient to accommodate the vehicle platform under the container. Under the container wheel transport platform to the location of the body 3 of the container above the cargo area of the transport platform. Connect the transport platform with the container with removable rods 9. Produce lift transport platform to contact her cargo area with the bearing surface of the power frame of the container. This removable traction 9, obrasilo container regardless of their relative position prior to loading. The pins 19 mounted on the transport platform 1, which interacts with the slots 20, which is made on the platform 4 of the container, provide the specified relative position of the transport platform and the container. Then the container transport platform by hydraulic cylinders 8 external rotating bearings 5 is lowered onto the supporting platform 6. Remove detachable items 9, 11, 18. After that remote pivoting support 5 is transferred into the transport position and lock the container on the transport platform with removable buckles 21.

Thus, due to the peculiarities of performance of the transport unit, the invention allows to create a transport unit Assembly which does not require external load-lifting means and may be made on unprepared ground. The peculiarities of the design of the transport unit provide adjust to any misalignment its constituent parts in a specified position in their articulation.

1. The method of loading of the container on the transport platform, providing before loading accommodation transport platform under the container, mounted on adjustable supports, characterized in that after placing controlled the first platform to contact her cargo area with the supporting surface of the container, at the same time provide the specified position of the transport platform relative to the container, then the container together with the transport platform is lowered to the reference pad with adjustable feet, clean adjustable feet, then fix the mutual position of the container and transport platforms.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that when the hoist transport platform specified position of the latter relative to the container to provide by means of guide elements, performed respectively on the transport platform and the container.

3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that use adjustable feet mounted on the container remote pivoting supports, which are removed in the transport position.

4. Transport unit containing a transport platform is installed on the container, is arranged to support on adjustable legs mounted for contact with the base platform, characterized in that it has paired with the container lifting drive of the transport platform, made with rods, forming a pendulum suspension of the transport platform, and t is

5. Assembly under item 4, characterized in that the adjustable feet made in the form mounted on the container remote pivoting supports.

6. Assembly under item 4 or 5, characterized in that the lifting drive of the transport platform is designed as mounted on the frame of the transport platform screw mechanisms, and traction is made removable and is supplied mounted on their ends of the engagement elements, each interacting with the formation of the hinge element of the gearing, mounted respectively on the screw mechanism and the container.

7. Assembly under item 4, characterized in that it has a removable fixing of the relative position of the container and transport platform.

 

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