Working body of the loading machine
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to machines for loading solid lumpy material. Working body of the loading machine includes sequentially spaced frame with wedge toe and the infeed of material, consisting of a tray, the transporting element connected with the frame and a mechanism for moving and holding elements. Frame and transporting the item make a reciprocating motion in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the machine from the power cylinder. Conveying element is designed in the form of wedges associated with each other and following each other immediately; the retaining elements are in the form of wedges mounted on the inclined faces of the conveying element with the possibility of vertical movement by the inclined faces of transporting element and return springs. The device saves the dependence of the value of transferred material from the location of the aprons, increasing workflow efficiency. 2 Il. The invention relates to equipment for loading bulk cargo and materials, for example, in the mining industry, building materials industry and otherA disadvantage of the known device is insufficient carrying capacity of the transmission of the captured cargo handling conveyor.This disadvantage is eliminated in the technical solution of the working body of the loading machine, comprising sequentially spaced frame with wedge toe and the infeed of material, consisting of a tray, the transporting element connected with the frame and a mechanism for moving and holding elements (see author's certificate N 1620408, class B 65 G 65/02, "Loading machine").However, the design of retaining elements reduces the efficiency of the transportation of the cargo.The purpose of the invention is improving the efficiency of transportation.This goal is achieved by the fact that in the working body of the loading machine, comprising sequentially spaced frame with wedge toe and the infeed of material, consisting of a tray, the transporting element made in the form of wedges associated with each other and following each other immediately connected with rummanah conveying element with the possibility of vertical movement by the inclined faces of transporting element and return springs.This design of the working body allows the movement of the transporting element up to move the material within the tray, and when the movement of the conveying element down to keep the material from sliding down the vertical edges of the retaining element and the transport element, which eliminates the dependence of the value of transferred material from the location of the aprons, and consequently, increases the efficiency of transportation of the material.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows the working body of the loading machine in the initial implementation of Fig. 2 - position elements of the working body in the initial transportation of the material.Working body of the loading machine includes tray 1, a frame 2 with wedge toe 3, the power cylinder 4 move the frame.Inside the tray 1 are mounted conveying element includes sequentially spaced wedges 5, interconnected by a thrust of 6; the retaining elements 7 the wedge-shaped. Transporting element is connected to a frame, traction 8.Working body of the loading machine operates as follows.The working body in the position shown in Fig. 1, the stack of models the material gets inside the outline of the frame. Simultaneously with the extension frame 2 under the action of the rods 8 and 6 by the movement of the wedges 5 to the receiving part of the tray 1. The portion of the material from the previous cycle is sprinkled through the wedges 5. The material in the tray from the previous Carpani, is kept from sliding down the vertical edges of the retaining element 7.At the end of the movement of the frame forward in the direction of the pile is the reversal of the stroke of cylinder 4 - Fig. 2. Frame 2 moves in the direction of the tray 1 by moving the vertical face of the wedge sock 3 portion of the material to the receiving part and the tray 1. Simultaneously, the wedges 5 are moving toward the discharge portion of the tray and move the vertical edges of the material filed on the tray in the previous cycles. Floating material is sprinkled through the retaining elements 7. When the frame of the initial condition, the cycle repeats.The use of the invention will improve the efficiency of transportation of bulk material on the bottom of the tray with vertical walls transporting element and will improve the performance of loading machine for loading bulk materials. Working body of the loading machine comprising p is the dominant element, connected to the frame and a mechanism for moving and holding elements, characterized in that to increase the efficiency of the workflow, the transporting element is designed in the form of wedges, interconnected and directly following each other, the retaining elements are in the form of wedges mounted on the inclined faces of the conveying element with the possibility of vertical movement by the inclined faces of transporting element and return springs.
Known conveyor-loader TCC-30 of the pick-up TLC-30 designed for these purposes, containing the receiving and shipping conveyors mounted on a frame with swivel wheels 
The disadvantage of this device is the complexity of the design and inconvenience in operation due to pick-up that should be put in place of the receiving conveyor at an unloading products
FIELD: automated vehicle control means adapted to be used in underground environment and vehicle control methods.
SUBSTANCE: control method involves determining vehicle route from distances between vehicle and mine wall measured by means of vehicle sensors, angular vehicle velocity and left and right vehicle wheels or caterpillar velocities, as well as vehicle acceleration with the use of controller to direct vehicle to the nearest route point. Control system has distance and angular position measuring means to determine position of movable bridge conveyer 10 and angular position of associated face chain conveyers 30. Electronic controller receives input data from each sensor at each movable bridge conveyer 10 to calculate position and direction of bridge conveyer 10 and face chain conveyers 30. Controller plans optimal movement route and calculates speed of each independently acting caterpillar unit of bridge conveyer.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of conveyer system position determination.
16 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: working member of loading machine includes fixed chute (1) and installed in it on frame (2) reciprocating from hydraulic cylinder (3) interconnected actuating elements (4) in the form rolls. Driving roll (5) is equipped with freewheel clutches (6, 7) in the form of gear wheels (8) engaging with racks (9, 10) mounted on tray. One of racks (9) is installed with possibility to rotate driving roll in direction of material transportation during forward running and the other rack (10) - during reverse running. Rolls are interconnected with each other and driving roll by chain gear (11).
EFFECT: higher efficiency of device.
SUBSTANCE: goods transfer station (1, 1') loaded and unloaded from the first side (2) contains tray (3) with load-carrying appliance (4) which tray is made capable to be pushed in and again drawn out of station to transfer goods from the first side, and three aligning appliances (6, 8, 10) each one of which aligns load carrying appliance in one of three axial directions (x, y, z) respectively. The third aligning appliance (10) contains lifting device (12) with raising leg (13). The tray contains through hole (14) via which the raising leg passes which leg serves for load carrying appliance lifting without lifting the tray itself.
EFFECT: goods unloading is simplified.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: bulk material reloading from railway hopper cars includes use of load-transfer device. The load-transfer device includes receiver portion with conveying facility in the form of horizontal raking screw, installation of the mentioned receiver portion under dump doors, outflow of bulk material into receiver portion under gravity through dump doors and transfer of bulk material flow to loading facility.
EFFECT: reduced time of bulk material reloading from hopper cars.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for loading of loose cargoes and materials. Loading device comprises feeder, along axis of which located receiving conveyor and heaping stars. Heaping stars, at which heaping beams are located are arranged on sides of receiving conveyor. Stars can displace axially relative to axis of rotation and equipped with cover plates with openings for passage of beams. Cover plates rest on feeder and protect mechanism of rotation of stars against ingress of loading material.
EFFECT: higher reliability of loading device.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: loading body comprises the feeder (1) with flanges, the wedge shovel toe (3), the power hydraulic cylinders (6) and the transferring conveyor (8). The shovel toe is made from two wedge shovel elements (4, 5), one of which is placed in the housing of another with the possibility to move relative to each other and kinematically connected to the power hydraulic cylinders and flanges (2) of the feeder.
EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of loading the rock mass due to excluding from the structure the unit for feeding the material from the wedge shovel toe to the transferring conveyor and reducing the loading unit length.