The water supply system of the settlement

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention can be used in the device of the zonal water, having a large length of water supply networks. The technical result improved drinking water quality and efficiency in processing. For this system the water supply of the settlement, containing a pumping station of the second rise, water lines, water and pressure-regulating capacity, further provided with a booster, network and proryvnym pumps, carbonator, pressure flotation machine, ozone, chloroform, two ejectors, the first of which is connected with a water pump, carbonator and ozone, the second with a booster pump, pressure flotation machine and chloroform, filter, whose input is connected to the output pressure of the flotation machine and the suction pipe of the flushing pump, and the output is connected with the suction pipe of the pump power, pressure sensors, shut-off valves with magnetic actuators and sensors, the position of the shut-off valve with an electromagnetic actuator, a check valve, a valve and a block of offices with associated pressure gauges, shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators and position sensors Zap is nebunia settlements and can be used in the device of the zonal water, having a large length of the conduits and water networks.

A well-known system of water supply of the settlement, including the conduits great length. Water treatment with ozone leads twice: at the water treatment station and directly in the city before the consumer, bringing bactericidal quality water to sanitary norms [eagles Century A. Ozonation of water. - M.: stroiizdat, 1984, S. 33].

A disadvantage of the known system of water supply of the settlement is that the quality of water at consumers will be insufficient, because after ozonation of the water is not extracted side contamination. In addition, ozonation of water in the pipeline without thorough mixing ozone with water entails additional economic costs associated with the treatment of drinking water.

The closest analogue to the claimed invention is the system of water supply of the settlement, including a pumping station of the second rise, water lines, water and pressure-regulating capacity [settled in Switzerland, And. Water. - M.: stroiizdat, 1989, S. 27-28, Fig. 3.1(a)]. A disadvantage of the known system of water supply of the settlement is the low quality of water supplied p is rovodnik networks as well as the use of old pipes and poor quality pipe joints is disrupted bacterial stability of the water and accumulate undesired contamination in water networks.

The task of the invention is to improve drinking water quality and efficiency when it is processed.

The technical result is achieved that the water supply system of the settlement, containing a pumping station of the second rise, water lines, water and pressure-regulating capacity, include the optional step-up, network and wash pumps, carbonator, pressure flotation machine, ozone generator, XLERATOR, two ejector, the first of which is connected with a water pump, carbonator and ozone, and the second with booster pump, pressure flotation machine and chloroform, filter, whose input is connected to the output pressure of the flotation machine and the suction pipe of the flushing pump, and the output is connected with the suction pipe of the pump power, pressure sensors, shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators and position sensors shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators, check valve, safety valve and the control unit, which is associated with the pressure sensors, check valves with solenoid the local analysis of the proposed solutions with the closest analogue shows it contains new nodes with their relationships that improve drinking water quality and efficiency when it is processed.

Thus, the proposed solution meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty."

The figure schematically depicts a system of water supply of the settlement.

The water supply system of the settlement includes a conduit 1, booster pump 2, the ejectors 3 and 4, the saturator 5, pressure flotation cell 6, the ozone generator 7, a filter 8, the network pump 9, the washing pump 10, the shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 11-18, position sensors shut-off valve with solenoid actuators 19-26, pressure sensors 27-31, XLERATOR 32, valve 33, the tray for removal of foam 34, valve 35, pipelines 36-45, the control unit 46.

The water supply system of the settlement is as follows.

The conduit 1, water flows into the pump suction booster pump 2. The motor booster pump 2 is started. As soon as the booster pump 2 will be released for normal operation, from the pressure sensor 27 to the control unit 46 receives a signal for opening the shut-off valve with solenoid actuators 11 and 12. When resolving from the booster pump 2 to line 36 is fed to the ejector 3. From the ozone generator 7 through the pipe 37 into the ejector 3 is fed with ozonated air and mixed thoroughly with water, after which the resulting mixture is fed to the saturator 5 and is compressed. When this occurs, the dissolution of the ozonized air in the water. When reaching into the saturator 5 design pressure from the pressure sensor 28 to the control unit 46 receives a signal for opening the shut-off valve with solenoid actuators 13-16. When permissive signals from the position sensors 21-24 shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 13-16 open. From booster pump 2 water pipe 38 through the ejector 4 is served from the bottom to the input pressure of the flotation cell 6, and the pipe 39 from the saturator 5 serves a mixture of water and ozonized air pressure in the flotation cell 6 from above. Moving towards each other these streams are intensively mixed, the speed of their movement greatly reduced, ozone interacts with bacterial contamination and released the air in the form of tiny bubbles platinum side contamination. Formed on the free surface of the water in the pressure flotation cell 6 foam on the tray 34 is periodically drained into the sewer. From the pressure of the flotation cell 6 through the pipeline 40 water comes to whatcheck water level in adfilternone space (scheme conditionally not shown) sends a signal to the control unit 46 on the motor power pump 9. Motor power pump 9 is included in the work. Purified water from the filter 8 through the pipe 41 is supplied to the suction pipe of the network pump 9, which then pipe 42 is fed into the water system customers. The check valve 35 prevents the reverse movement of water.

During operation of the filter 8 becomes clogged, its hydraulic resistance increases. As soon as the hydraulic resistance will increase to the limit value, the upper water level sensor in adfilternone space (scheme conditionally not shown) will send a signal to the control unit 46 and the filter 8 is switched to regeneration mode filter loading. On command from the control unit 46 shutoff valves with electromagnetic actuators 11-16 closed and allow the signals from the position sensors 19-24 open the stop valve 17. When an enabling signal from the position sensor 25 is run the motor flushing pump 10. When the washing pump 10 will be aired on normal mode, from the pressure sensor 29 to the control unit 46 receives a signal for opening the shut-off valve with solenoid actuator 18. Shut-off valve with solenoid actuator 18 is opened and when an enabling signal of oatcake position 25 the washing pump 10 to pump out the liquid from the vacuum cavity of the pipe 43 into the sewer. The absolute pressure in the vacuum cavity of the pipe 43 will be reduced, and as soon as you reach the minimum calculated values of Pminthe pressure sensor 30 to the control unit 46 will send a signal for opening the shut-off valve with solenoid actuator 17. When an enabling signal from the position sensor 25 off valve with solenoid actuator opens and from the filter 8 under the action of the difference between the absolute pressure on the surface of the liquid in the filter 8 in the vacuum cavity of the pipe 43 to promiseme pump 10 will direct the fluid. The washing pump 10 through the pipe 44 will be pumped into the waste water system, the absolute pressure in the vacuum cavity of the pipe 43 will begin to rise. When reaching the absolute pressure in the vacuum cavity of the pipeline 43 estimated maximum value of Pmaxthe pressure sensor 30 will signal the closing of the shut-off valve with solenoid actuator 17. When an enabling signal from the position sensor 25 off valve with solenoid actuator 17 is closed, resulting in the filter 8 will be formed alternately elastic waves of compression and tension of the liquid. Under the action of waves of elastic deformation of the liquid granulysin cavity of the pipe 43 will again be reduced to Pminthe pressure sensor 30 to the control unit 46 will again give a signal for opening the shut-off valve with solenoid actuator 17 and the regeneration process of the filter loading filter 8 will continue to until the liquid level in adfilternone space will not be reduced to the calculated value and the control unit 46 receives a signal from the sensor the lower the liquid level in adfilternone space at the termination of the regeneration of the filter loading filter 8. On this signal the control unit 46 switches the filter 8 in the filtration of the liquid, whereby the motor flushing pump 10 is turned off, shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 17 and 18 are closed and allow the signals from the position sensors 25 and 26 are opened shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 11 - 16. The process water flowing through the conduit 1, is resumed.

Periodically in the preventive purposes water supply system of the locality in need of disinfection with chlorine. To do this, shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 11, 12 and 14 are closed and the valve 33 is manually opened. Water booster pump 2 through the pipe 38 will flow into the ejector 4. From HLIs ejector 4 will be supplied to the pressure flotation cell 6, and out of the pipe 40 into the filter 8 and further network pump 9 will be directed into the water system for disinfection. Upon completion of preventive disinfection of the water supply network locality valve 33 is closed and the shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators 11, 12 and 14 are opened by a signal from the control unit 46. The process of ozone and water supply in the water supply of the settlement proceeds.

Upon termination of the water settlement is filled with water the pressure-regulating capacity and pressure sensor 31 to the control unit 46 will send a signal to shut down the water system of work. This signal closes the shutoff valves with electromagnetic actuators 11-18 and off booster pump 2, the network pump 9 and the washing pump 10. Upon renewal of the water pressure in the water supply network will be reduced. As soon as it will be reduced to a tolerable limit, the pressure sensor 31 to the control unit 46 will generate a signal to enable the operation of the water system and the preparation of drinking water will continue.

The proposed solution allows to obtain economic benefit at the expense of rational Rashada the tive estimates of key indicators, without which it is impossible to implement the proposed solution in practice. The results of the calculations are presented in the table.

The water supply system of the settlement, containing a pumping station of the second rise, water lines, water and pressure-regulating capacity, characterized in that it further comprises a booster, network and wash pumps, carbonator, pressure flotation machine, ozone generator, XLERATOR, two ejector, the first of which is connected with a water pump, carbonator and ozone, and the second with booster pump, pressure flotation machine and chloroform, filter, whose input is connected to the output pressure of the flotation machine and the suction pipe of the flushing pump, and the output is connected with the suction pipe of the pump power, pressure sensors, shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators and position sensors shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators, check valve, safety valve and the control unit, which is associated with the pressure sensors, check valves with electromagnetic actuators and position sensors shut-off valves with electromagnetic actuators.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to water and can be used for preparation of water for domestic and industrial purposes

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to water supply, namely to systems for water supply of building, structure, and also complex consumer of water supplies such as buildings, structures united into architectural-construction groups, micro-districts, quarters, settlements, towns. System for water supply of complex consumer, including local consumers in the form of separate buildings or structures, united, for instance into architectural-construction group, micro-district, quarter, settlement, town, represents hydraulic system, which comprises distributor network of pipelines communicated by working fluid - water with source of water supply in the form of water intake structure, or pure water reservoir, or artesian well, or directly to natural water basin via cleaning system, and with local consumers of water, pump equipment that includes at least one pump, mostly, with electric drive, comprising locking element, stop and/or stop and control valves, and also at least one hydromechanical device for smooth loading of hydraulic system, which is connected to pipeline, mostly at discharge side in section between pump that pulls head in pipeline or pump group and nearest stop and/or stop and control valves, which is communicated to pipeline by working fluid, mostly, by pumped working fluid, and installed with the possibility of automatic prolonged connection and disconnection of stop and/or stop and control valves, besides, hydromechanical device includes the following components serially connected to each other: inlet nozzle, having controller of opening speed of stop and/or stop and control valves and load transfer to hydraulic system, equipped with check valve and jet nozzle, and hydromechanical drive, comprising power chamber with body that contains at least one compartment with variable working volume, which is filled in controlled and returned manner by liquid working medium as pressure increases in pipeline, and transmission mechanism, besides, connection to hydromechanical device pipeline is arranged as double: at the inlet - by inlet nozzle it is communicated with pipeline by working medium, and at outlet - kinematically by hydromechanical drive with locking element of mentioned valves, besides, transmission mechanism is arranged as movable and joined with power chamber by "piston-stem" type or "membrane-stem", moreover, stem, in its turn, is movably connected to create drive with locking element of mentioned valves with the possibility of automatic displacements of locking elements in the range from complete closure to full opening for pipeline flow and back. Water supply system for building, structure is also described.

EFFECT: provision of smooth increase of load at hydraulic system of water supply, provision of smooth start-up of hydraulic system with exclusion of possibility for creation of high hydrodynamic loads at system, and also lower material intensity of start-up device elements, higher safety and reliability of system as a whole, lower costs for its maintenance and operation.

25 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in that, initially, water feed system is made up of interconnected inclined and vertical pipelines. Lower end of vertical pipeline is installed in water reservoir to intake water and its upper end is connected with upper end of inclined pipeline. Length L of the latter exceeds height H of the former. Then pumps are used to fill inclined pipeline with water after its lower end shut-off valve is closed. inclined pipeline filled, water feed is cut off and aforesaid shut-off valve is opened, Inclined pipeline being connected with water distribution system.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method consists in delivery of water to individual users connected to a settlement water supply system, via manifold and distributing lines of a water supply network, and further via house or street distributors. Along manifold lines (1) combustible gas hydrogen or natural gas used for domestic purposes is supplied. Water is received upstream distributing lines (5) by burning of combustible gas with further cooling of produced gases, also in local centralised heating points (2), serving for heating of premises (6), and condensation of produced water vapours upstream distributing lines (5) of a water supply network. In case of necessity condensed water is sent via systems or filters of treatment arranged in these local points or in premises of water reception.

EFFECT: invention provides for simplicity and reliability of water supply.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for water supply to a facility consists in the fact that a flow of potable quality water is supplied to the facility along a pipeline. Then the flow is divided into two auxiliary flows. One is heated to temperature permissible according to norms in a system of hot water supply. Then these auxiliary flows along independent routes are supplied to loads. When opening a hot water supply tap, water temperature is measured. If the specified temperature is available, supply of hot water supply water is provided to the tap. If the hot water supply water temperature is below the specified one, its supply is provided to a reservoir for water collection, provided that the water level in the reservoir is below the maximum level. Provided that the water level in the reservoir is higher than the maximum one, hot water supply water provision to the tap is ensured. If water level in the reservoir is lower than the minimum one, cold water supply is provided into the reservoir for water collection. The water supply device comprises a tap, a toilet tank, a hot water manifold and a hot water tap. The hot water manifold is connected via the hot water tap, a temperature sensor and a water switch to the tap inlet. The second outlet of the water switch is connected with the first inlet of the reservoir, the second inlet of which via an electronic tap is connected with the cold water manifold. The outlet of the first water level sensor is connected with a control inlet of the electronic tap. The outlet of the second water level sensor and the temperature sensor is connected with inlets of the AND element. The outlet of the reservoir for water collection is connected to the inlet of the toilet tank.

EFFECT: reduced water flow.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: water supply.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply and drainage. System comprises multiple water supply networks (1), which include units (2) of metering water for subscribers (4) with data output (3) means, and water disposal networks (5), which include units (6) for metering waste water consumption and atmospheric precipitation sensors (8). Sensors are configured for determining intensity of rain. Water supply and water disposal networks are divided into zones so that zones of water supply networks coincide with zones of water disposal networks. Units (6) for metering waste water consumption are installed at outlet of each water disposal zone and are additionally equipped with means for outputting information (7). System is additionally equipped with unit (9) for determination of ambient air temperature, unit (10) for determination of actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off of megapolis, unit (11) for determination of water consumption in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of information output means (3) of units (2) of metering water at subscribers (4), unit (12) for water drainage systems in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of information output means (7) units (6) of waste water consumption unit (13) for estimation of atmospheric precipitation in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of sensors of precipitation (8), unit (14) for evaluation of water drainage systems in zones of individual water supply sources, at least one sensor (15) for water level in reservoir (16) of megapolis, unit (17) forming zonal database containing data field date k, water consumption Vkvodopotrebl, required Vkvodootved, water removal from individual water supply sources Vkvodootved i.i., water levels of megapolis Hk, volume of precipitation, actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off, ambient air temperature, to input of which are connected to outputs of unit (9) for determination of ambient air temperature, unit (10) for determination of actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off; unit (11) for determination of water consumption in zones of unit (12) for water drainage systems in zones of unit (13) estimation of atmospheric precipitation in zones, unit (14) evaluation of water drainage systems in zones of individual water supply sources and at least one sensor (15) water level in reservoir of megapolis, unit (18) of primary data sampling of zonal databases on condition of zero volume of precipitation, to input is connected to output (17) zonal databases, unit (19) of secondary data sampling of primary data sampling by condition of positive ambient air temperature and zero actual efficiency at least one local surface run-off system, to input is connected to output of unit (18) of primary data sampling unit (20) tertiary data sampling from secondary data sampling by condition of simultaneous decreasing/increasing water level and decrease megapolis/increasing disposal systems, to input is connected to output of unit (19) for generating secondary data sampling unit (21) assessment of balance, to input is connected to output of unit (20) for tertiary data sampling. Unit (21) for assessment of balance is configured to form of tertiary data sampling of multiple n pairs of values of Vk = Vkvodopotrebl. - Vkvodootved. - Vkvodootved i.i and corresponding arguments Hk, as well as defining V = ƒ(H) of water influx of water bodies, which at points of H1,…, Hk,…, Hn assumes values as possible close to values of V1,…Vk,…,Vn or equal to these values.

EFFECT: wider field of application.

1 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: system contains a number of water supply (1) and water discharge (6) networks, divided into zones so that the zones of water supply networks coincide with the zones of water discharge networks, which include water metering units (2) and information output means (3). The system additionally comprises of the units (7) for the wastewater flow recording with the information output means (8), precipitation sensors (9), a determination unit (10) of water consumption in the zones, a determination unit (11) of water discharge in the zones, an evaluation unit (12) of the precipitation amount in the zones, an evaluation unit (13) of water discharge in the zones from individual water supply sources, at least one water level transmitter (14) in the reservoir (15) of an inhabited locality, a forming unit (16) of zonal databases containing k date data fields, water consumption , water discharge , water discharge from individual water supply sources , water levels in the reservoir of an inhabited locality Hk, amount of precipitation to the input of which the outputs of the determination unit (10) of water consumption in the zones, the unit for determining the water disposal in the zones, the evaluation unit (12) of the precipitation amount in the zones, the evaluation unit (13) of water discharge in zones from individual water supply sources and at least one water level transmitter (14) in the reservoir (15) of an inhabited locality, a balance estimation unit (17) configured to generate a plurality of n pairs of Vk values and corresponding Ak arguments, and also the definition of the function V = f1(A) water inflow, which at points A1, …, Ak, …, An takes values as close as possible to the values of V1, …, Vk, …, Vn or equal to these values. The water metering units are installed at the inlet of each water supply zone. The evaluation unit of the amount of precipitation in the zones is designed to evaluate the amount of precipitation Hk prec per day. The balance estimation unit is configured to generate a plurality of n pairs of Vk values and corresponding Ak arguments from zonal databases, with the possibility of determining Vk subject to dependency, with the possibility of forming Ak arguments as a function Ak= f2= (Hk prec, Hk). The system is further provided with an input unit (18) of predicted values of Hk prec pred volume of precipitation in the zones, an input unit (19) of predicted values of Hk pred water levels in the reservoir of the inhabited locality, an input unit (20) of predicted values of water consumption in the zones, an input unit (21) of predicted values of water discharge from the individual water supply sources , a water discharge prediction unit (22), designed to estimate the predicted values of in the zones in the form of . The output of a forming unit (16) of zonal databases is connected to the input of the balance estimation unit (17). Outputs of the input unit (18) of predicted values of the Hk prec pred volume of precipitation in the zones, the input unit (19) of predicted values of the Hk pred water level in the reservoir of the inhabited locality, the input unit (20) of predicted values of water consumption in the zones, the input unit (21) of predicted values of water discharge from the individual water supply sources are connected to the input of the water discharge prediction unit (22).

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of the assessment of the water supply and discharge balance and expansion of the application scope of the system.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Up!