Method for trapping and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool washing solution, and a device for implementing

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the wool industry, in particular, can be used in the processes for primary wool processing on the operations of washing wool and wastewater discharged to the sewer from sherstomoynoy barges. The use of the invention improves the efficiency of the capture process wool from the solution, increasing the reliability of the equipment and improve its service. The method includes capturing and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, the installation before directional flow of liquid medium with the content of her material vertically with a fixed gap in the plane of the stepped plates, some of them through one fixed, and intermediate between them have a circular movement from the bottom up. The device includes a frame, filter bars, grips and drive. Filter grille made of a set of vertically mounted on a relationship with a fixed gap in the plane of the plates, which have a side direction of the flow of stepped form the teeth. Teeth that are in constant contact with the solution, are Vert is the bottom of the attached links to the stationary frame, and in between repleni relationships with sidewalls that are restricted to the side rails and pivotally connected with pins of the drive sprockets, which are installed on two axes in pairs. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to the wool industry, in particular, can be used in the processes for primary wool processing on the operations of washing wool and wastewater discharged to the sewer from sherstomoynoy barges.

A device for fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool from wastewater, consisting of welded lattice construction, unloading wool from which is periodically manually (Gorbunov HP and other "Primary processing of wool", M. 1981, page 185.)

A well-known collector of belt type, consisting of a welded frame, belt conveyor formed of two rubberized straps, fastened by a transverse metal strips that go around driving and driven drums. On the conveyor belt is fixed on a nylon mesh, which recovered fibers and other impurities.

Unloading wool caught with net fabrics osushestvlyaetsya the trap, which mobile mesh fabric replaced by a stationary perforated sheet. For discharging the entrained fibers serves as a scraper conveyor, made of two endless chains mounted on the drive sprocket. The chains on the transverse metal bars attached rubber bands, performing the role of pigs that shed fibers onto the conveyor.

In addition, a well-known trap-unloader (Gorbunov HP and other Primary processing of wool, M , 1981, page 260), which consists of three dies, lying freely in the bearings of the two troychak. On the axes of the dies rigidly mounted sickle hooks. The triad in turn planted on the shaft having circular movement. Crests are slightly curved teeth for better grip and holding the fiber. When moving the dies sickle levers rest against the roller, obkatyvalisj on it and take a stable position for capturing fibers from the solution and placing it on the discharge conveyor.

This device is mainly used in sherstomoynoy barkah.

The prior art known to the device (and.with. N 99392, D 01 B 3/06, 1955 ), containing frame, the filter grille, sanity materials from the liquid environment.

This source of information is adopted as the closest analogue to the claimed group of inventions.

The main disadvantage of the above device types and ways in which they are implemented, is that the capture fibers is only 60 - 70%.

Time-consuming replacement of drive elements, which are often damaged due to contact with an aggressive environment, leads to delays and additional financial and physical costs.

The invention aims to remedy these disadvantages, i.e., the efficiency of trapping and discharging the fibers from the scrubbing medium, the reliability of the device and improve working conditions of staff.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these shortcomings, in the way of catching and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool detergent solution, including catching, and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, is achieved by the fact that before the directional flow of liquid medium with the content in it material are vertically arranged with a fixed gap in the plane of the stepped plate, part of kewanee directed towards the flow from the bottom up so to ensure the capture of the adhered material with lower fixed step on the upstream.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these disadvantages, a device for trapping and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool washing solution containing frame, the filter bars, grips and drive, is due to the fact that the filter grille made of a set of vertically mounted on a relationship with a fixed gap in the plane of the plates having a side direction of the flow of stepped form teeth, and teeth that are in constant contact with the solution, are arranged vertically and located on the upper level of the solution and above it are inclined form, in this part of the plates through one fixed relationship to the frame is stationary, and intermediate between them - secured connections with the side walls, which are limited to the sides of the rails and pivotally connected with the fingers of drive sprockets mounted on two axes in pairs.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

- Fig. 1 - General view of the device;

- Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig 1;

- Fig. 3 - section b-B in Fig. 1;

- f is for catching and discharging fibrous sticky material their liquid environment, for example wool from 1 wash solution 2 includes a frame 3, a stepped plate 4, 5, installed with crevice on the plane on the links 6, 7, the actuator 8, the twin chain drive 9, mounted in pairs on axles 10, 11 drive sprocket 12 with pins 13 (Fig. 1-6). At this step, the plates 4 links 6 mounted stationary to the frame 3, and the step plate 5 is fixed links 7 to the side walls 14, 15 are pivotally connected to the fingers 13 of the sprocket 12 and is limited to the sides of the guides 16, 17. Fixed openings n, m, s respectively between the fixed stage plate 4, the moving speed of the wafer 5 is carried by the washers 18, 19, and between 4 fixed and movable 5 are provided by the guides 16, 17.

The direction of flow of the washing solution 2 containing wool 1, for example, in sherstomoynoy the barge 20 is driving the rake 21 and is limited by the walls of the barge 20 and a false bottom 22. Coat 1 is 20 barcoo and play it accordingly conveyor 23 and the discharge conveyor 24 (Fig.1).

The device operates as follows.

Unwashed six 1 is fed by the feed conveyor 23 in the cleaning solution 2 sherstomoynoy the barge 20. Promotion of wool 1 along b is>At the end of the barge 20 washing solution 3, together with the coat 1 is directed to the zone of capture and upload it, where the width of the directional flow of the frame has vertically arranged with crevice along the plane of the stepped plates 4, 5, which perform the role of the lattice to trap fur 1 (Fig. 1, 2, 3). Step plate 4. 5 are side direction of the flow of stepped form teeth, and teeth that are in constant contact with the solution, are arranged vertically and located on the upper level of the solution and above have an inclined shape that will act as grips wool 1.

The flow of washing solution 2 goes through the fixed openings n, m, s, secured by washers 18, 19 and the guides 16, 17, and 1 coat linger on tread plates 4, 5.

Due to the fact that the stepped plate 4 is fixed links 6 to the stationary frame 3 (Fig. 2), and the intermediate step plate 5 is fixed connections 7 (Fig. 3) to the side walls 14, 15, having a hinged connection with pins 13 (Fig. 4) sprocket 12 mounted in pairs on two axes 10, 11 (Fig. 6), and committing coupled through a chain drive 9 and the actuator 8 in a circular movement towards the flow from the bottom up, ensuring the lower fixed step on the upstream (Fig. 1-6). Thus captured coat 1 step-by-step is displayed vertically spaced teeth from solution 2, and the inclined teeth of the form is provided by moving it to the discharge conveyor 24 (Fig. 1).

1. Method for trapping and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool detergent solution, including catching, and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid medium, characterized in that before the directional flow of liquid medium with the content of her material are vertically arranged with a fixed gap in the plane of the stepped plate, part of which is through one fixed, and intermediate between them have a circular movement, this rotation is directed towards the flow from the bottom up to ensure the capture of the adhered material with lower fixed step on the upstream.

2. Device for catching and discharging fibrous sticky materials from a liquid environment, such as wool washing solution containing frame, the filter bars, grips and the actuator, characterized in that the filter grille made of a set of vertically mounted on a relationship with a fixed gap in dps is regular contact with the solution, are arranged vertically and located on the upper level of the solution and above it are inclined shape, wherein the portion of the plate through one of the attached links to the stationary frame, and intermediate between them braced with sidewalls that are restricted to the side rails and pivotally connected with the fingers of drive sprockets mounted on two axes in pairs.

 

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