The method of connection of the poles in the frame folding greenhouse, folding frame greenhouses and an element of the frame.
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of horticulture, and can also be used to create a promotional three-dimensional figures. The frame is assembled from constituent elements in the form of poles attached to each end plate with a hole for the power circuit of the frame elements inextensible thread. The thread is passed through the rings on the ends of the poles formed by twisting folded in half with wire. Elements fasten the screw connection, using the holes in the plates. The same constituent elements provide ease of Assembly and disassembly of the frame, which can be easily glazing. 3 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals., 9 Il. The invention relates to the field of horticulture and cultivation of vegetables in greenhouses and can be used for the construction of the foldable and portable greenhouses, as well as creating large advertising figures.Known folding greenhouse, application N 93017375 from 05.04.93, published in BI N 24, 1995, the same destination. This solution provides a power circuit of the greenhouse frame that allows you to create simple in design and in manufacture, Assembly and disassembly of the greenhouse with a minimum set of frame elements p and, related to the reception of spokes mounted obliquely upwards in the direction from the rack and tie rods connecting the outer ends of the spokes with the procedures established in the soil anchors. The coating is placed between the rods, and each pair of rods and the cover are connected by numerous retainers. Flexible rod allows to optimally distribute the load on the frame elements.The method called greenhouse is the closest technical solution of the same purpose and has the following General operations and elements: bearing frame members gather at one point, connect the ends of the supporting elements of the frame flexible rods, have force closure frame, a set of bearing elements forms a convex shape.The disadvantage is the additional presence of a Central rack and the lack of rigidity of the frame.The advantage of the proposed method is effective in manufacture, ease of Assembly and disassembly without requiring special tools, the possibility of glazing and the use of fasteners for attaching additional internal panels that will effectively close the space from external influences.The design of the frame to poluchat as concave and convex bearing surface with the formation of the lenses.The method of connection of the poles in the frame of the foldable greenhouse includes fastening the constituent elements at one point and force closure frame. The peculiarity lies in the fact that all the constituent elements in the form of poles attach flexible plate connecting elements in the form of poles with threaded joint flexible plate through hole threaded connection in the flexible plate, the power circuit of the frame is performed by the contraction through the draft in the form of inextensible filaments passed through rings on the ends of the constituent elements in the form of poles on the inner side of the frame. The peculiarity lies in the fact that the connecting elements in the form of poles in the frame with the formation of the convex surfaces of the frame both outside and inside with the formation of these lens surfaces. The peculiarity lies in the fact that the connection of the poles and flexible plates perform collet.The folding frame of the greenhouse contains elements that form the convex shape of the frame, traction. The peculiarity lies in the fact that each part is made in the form of poles attached to each end of the flexible poles platinum with hole for threaded connection with the other pillar is the Characteristic constituent element of the frame for frame for implementing the method of connection to the folding frame of the greenhouse is that it is made in the form of poles attached to each end of the poles flexible plate with hole for threaded connection with the same plates constituent elements.The peculiarity lies in the fact that the flexible plate is cut from a steel sheet and is bent under the connection type collet for attaching to the end of poles.The framework consists of the same components, which in turn consist of poles, flexible plates and twists of wire, folded in half to form a ring. The pole is a wooden bar or rod from another suitable material, or pipe of sufficient length and elasticity. The pole is at the ends of the fastening elements in the form of a flexible plate of a steel sheet, which, in turn, has a hole for the screw connection for mounting with other components elements in the form of poles and wire, folded in half for a spin with the formation of rings.The carcass is collected as follows: poles with fasteners at the ends are connected by means of threaded connections, such as screws and nuts, with the formation of triangles, having in the aggregate a concave or convex shape with the formation of lenses for the best ispolzovat, POS. 2 - flexible plate of sheet metal and bent under connection type collet, POS. 3 - wire, folded in half for a spin with the formation of rings.In Fig. 2 shows a scan of a flexible plate under connection type collet POS. 2.In Fig. 3 shows the triangular component of the greenhouse.In Fig. 4 shows a threaded connection poles between them, where POS. 4 - screw POS. 7 - nut, POS. 5 - washer, POS. 6 - seal in the form of felt.In Fig. 5 shows the wiring diagram of poles and greenhouses inextensible thread of the ring, where a1, b1, c1, d1, e1, f1,... rings on the ends of poles, connected to a threaded connection at the points 1, 2, 3.In Fig. 6 shows an example of the glazing, where POS. 8 - strip with notches and ledges under the slots of the poles and seals POS. 9, POS. 10 - glass.In Fig. 7 shows a cut-round greenhouses with lens walls and bracing of poles in the form of components of the surfaces A, B and C, D, shown in the scans. POS. 11 - the Foundation of the greenhouse, POS. 12 - input.In Fig. 8 shows a scan of the surfaces A and B.In Fig. 9 shows a scan of the surfaces C and D.Example 1.Cut from galvanized sheet billet form, okadae (POS. 3), rolled with steel rod round shape with a hook on the end, get the connection type push-in metal plates to wooden poles, punch a hole for threaded connection with a screw and nuts (POS. 4 and POS. 5, Fig. 4). Assemble the frame as shown in Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, by tightening the threaded connection of Fig. 4 and choke inextensible thread rings located at the ends of the poles as shown in the diagram (Fig. 5), where the filament is shown by a double line. In the presence of the slots in the poles and rubber seals (POS. 9) framework glaze (Fig. 6), then cut out of felt seal (POS. 6) and washer (POS. 5) covering the threaded connection plates (Fig. 4). 1. The method of connection of the poles in the frame folding greenhouse, including the fastening of elements at one point and force closure frame, characterized in that the ends of the constituent elements in the form of poles attach flexible plate connecting elements in the form of poles with threaded joint flexible plate through hole threaded connection in the flexible plate, the power circuit of the frame is performed by the contraction through the draft in the form of inextensible filaments passed through rings on Kisa fact, that connect elements in the form of poles in the frame with the formation of the convex surfaces of the frame both outside and inside with the formation of these lens surfaces.3. The method according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the connection of the poles and flexible plates perform collet.4. The frame is collapsible greenhouses containing elements that form a convex shape, frame, rod, characterized in that each cutting element made in the form of poles attached to each end of the poles flexible plate with hole for threaded connection with other constituent elements and anchored on each end of the pole ring for tightening inextensible thread.5. An element of the frame, characterized in that it is made in the form of poles attached to each end of the poles flexible plate with a hole for a threaded connection with the same plates constituent elements.6. Item under item 5, wherein the flexible plate is cut from a steel sheet and is bent under the connection type collet for attaching to the end of poles.
SUBSTANCE: shelter for growing vegetables contains vertical supports, arcs pivotally connected with supports and protecting material. The shelter has side arcs connected with lengthwise girders in their lower and upper parts, movable supports freely traveling along the vertical supports and pivotally connected with the side arcs in their upper parts, fixed supports installed on vertical supports in their lower part and pivotally connected by means of connecting links with the side arcs at a certain distance from their upper pivotal connection, brackets of a roof arranged on top of the vertical supports and connected with the lengthwise girders.
EFFECT: reduced labour cost at assembly and service; facilitating protection of plants against showers, hail, and heavy winds; efficient use of natural precipitation and agricultural equipment for spraying; possibility of work mechanisation at growing of vegetables under shelter.
5 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse includes multiple sectional parts from cellular polystyrene as a construction material of the greenhouse, assembling which forms a closed inner space for growing of plants, and also a door opening with a door for personnel entrance/exit. Neighbouring sectional peripheral walls are fixed to each other, have the specified dimensions, shape and extent of blowing for all-weather use. The greenhouse also comprises a lighting fixture and an plant for air conditioning.
EFFECT: increased strength of structure, quickness and ease of assembly.
13 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: supporting device comprises movable links of tubes with a telescopic entering into the fixed link. The fixed link is firmly mounted on the bed. Each link on one end comprises a transition sleeve includes or a crossbar with a cylindrical groove. The groove is made at an angle to set at an angle of the opposite end of the next link to create a half-arch. The last link of the half-arch contains a branch sleeve to connect to the link of the opposite half-arch. To secure a fixed position of links, the device has flexible tension elements, connecting links. For further maintenance of the covering material the links have additional flexible and/or rigid cross elements.
EFFECT: increased usability of operation, improved compactness of the device.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The proposed greenhouse is made of flat sheets having through-holes that are located on the perimetre next to the edge in several places, and of fastening elements for connecting together the parts of the greenhouse. These fastening elements have openings on both sides and through-holes along them at a certain distance, with the possibility of mounting in them of plates of PET material with openings arranged in the same place. Some of the fastening elements are designed as cross-shaped bars; some have bars bent at a proper angle to form the roof and connection the greenhouse wall and the roof; some are made without one or two sides to form the endings of the doors walls and door jambs. At that on some bars for manufacture of door and door jamb on one of the sides the loops for the door are fastened, or holes are made for fastening them.
EFFECT: invention provides ease of use, increases the longevity.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a device for growing one or several plants, which has at least one first and one second chamber, which are separated from each other with the first partition wall. The inner spaces of the first and second chambers are connected by one or several connecting holes in the first partition wall. The second chamber has one or several outlets which are located in the second partition wall. In the first and/or the second chamber the volume change is provided. In the first chamber the roots of plants are taken, in the second chamber - the plant parts which contain products of harvested crop. Above the second chamber there are the leaves of plants. Near the connecting holes or in the area of the connecting holes the means are provided, in which the vegetative organs is fixed. The method of growing one or several plants comprises the stepless increase in volume of the second chamber. The method of harvesting comprises the ability of rotation, displacement or removal of the bounding surface of the second chamber and removal of the harvested products from it.
EFFECT: use of this group of inventions enables to improve the plant growing, in particular fruit-bearing plants.
24 cl, 34 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a covering member for buildings. The covering member for buildings, which includes at least one retaining device that is located preferably as a stationary device and has an external section directed to the outer side of the building that is to be provided with the covering member, at least one film element having an external film layer located on the outer side of the building and fixed by means of an end section on the retaining device, and at least one heat-insulating element, where this element is located with the first section in the external section of the retaining device and projects at least with one second section beyond the retaining device and adjoins the end section of the external film layer of at least one film element. As per another version, the heat-insulating element for the covering member for buildings, where the first section provided for location in the external section of the retaining device, and at least one second section made on the outer side of the retaining device to be adjacent to the end section of the external film layer of at least one film element. The invention is developed in dependent claims.
EFFECT: easier installation and more effective heat insulation.
16 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to structural elements of canopies. Support device for post comprises bracket, made with possibility to be secured on support surface. Bracket has mid part, one and another end parts, each of which is made with possibility of accommodating post and is located across mid part.
EFFECT: technical result is simplification of support device.
4 cl, 4 dwg