Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to agriculture, namely, to structures for growing plants in greenhouses. An object of the invention is to simplify the design while reducing material consumption without reducing its operational capabilities, and simplify its Assembly and disassembly. This is achieved by the fact that the greenhouse includes lateral arch farm wood associated along greenhouses hinge on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels through the respective side rails. The greenhouse is covered with a translucent film and has an input from at least one end. Arched frames are made in the form of two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between the spacers. The entrance is a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of the translucent film. In the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and seventysomething relates to agriculture, namely, facilities for growing plants in greenhouses.

Known greenhouse, made in the form of arched structures, covered with a film (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 247693, publ. 04.08. 69). In this case, the design is a complex frame, which is mounted on the capital base, which makes it difficult to transfer to a new place.

Also known greenhouse arch type, covered with foil, each of the arches which represents the load-bearing structure for the entire profile of the greenhouse (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 305698, publ. 25.10.79). In this case, due to the bulkiness of the arches build a greenhouse very difficult.

In addition, a known greenhouse, including arches, articulated between themselves and covered with a film material (ABT. the certificate of the USSR N 331598, publ. 25.10.79) having vent openings and tension cables. In this case, the design of this greenhouse is also quite complicated.

Closest to the stated is the greenhouse, including the lateral arch of the farm from the tree associated along greenhouses hinge on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels - through side ralista USSR N 1762803, publ. 23.09.92). In this case, the greenhouse is a team of construction large enough complexity that requires many details that are used to make this design stiffness, which leads to significant material.

The technical task of the present invention is to simplify the design while reducing material consumption without reducing its operational capabilities, and simplify its Assembly and disassembly.

This task is solved in that each side of the arched farm is designed as two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers, and the entrance is made in the form of a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of a transparent film, while in the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and sash lock placed to lock the mentioned door rails in a vertical position.

And the fact that the edges of the transparent film constituting the canopy and tight side surface Novlene on the sides of the greenhouse.

And besides the fact that between the lateral arched trusses on top of the translucent films are placed in tension cords.

It should be noted that the simplicity of the design is versatile and simple to manufacture its constituent elements, which are also connected by means of simple fasteners.

In the most common embodiment, these elements may be made from discarded materials, in particular wood, which allows to produce the claimed design in almost any terrain and in any industry.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the greenhouse from the side, Fig.2 is a side view, Fig. 3 is a General view of the canopy of Fig.4 is a view of the nest and swivels, Fig.5 - the location of the tightening cords.

The greenhouse includes lateral arch farm 1 of wood connected along greenhouses hinge 2 on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the bottom side 3 and the end 4 of the rails and at multiple levels - through the respective side 5 of the rails. The greenhouse is covered with a translucent film 6 and is input to at least one end. Each side of the arched farm 1 is designed as two-sided curved arches 7 SV is sovannara two door rails 9, in the ridge portion mounted on axes /not shown/, each associated with a corresponding half of the 10 side of the translucent film. In the middle part of the face 4 of the rail, on which are located the door rail 9, a socket 11 for the data of the rails 9 and the sash lock 12, posted with the possibility of fixing these rails 9 of the rails in a vertical position. Edge of the transparent film 6 constituting the canopy of the two halves 10 and edges, tight lateral surface of the greenhouse hemmed and skipped the appropriate cords 13 for retraction relative to the arched trusses 1 installed on the sides of the greenhouse. In addition, between the lateral arch farms 1 on top of the transparent film 6 are stretch cords 14. A greenhouse can have the tabs 15, which can fit the rods 16, is fixed in the lower part of the side surface of the film 6. On the ridge of the greenhouse for fixing film 6 may be ridged rake/not shown/.

The greenhouse is assembled as follows. Lateral arch farm 1 from some vertex pairs are held together by hinges 2, and the other ends are fastened to the bottom side rails 3, which are fixed in the closed perimeter of the end 4 rails. Suitable the top film 6, which can be fixed ridge rail. Door slats 9 in the area of the entrance into the greenhouse /from one or both ends of the ridge are mounted on the axle and fastened with halves 10 films. In the middle part of the end rails 4 under the said axles has a socket 11 in which the vertical location are Reiki 9, and the sash lock 12 can be fixed in its horizontal position or open at its vertical location. In the hemmed edges of the halves of the film 10 or the side of the film 6 are skipped cords 13 that draw the film against the end of the arched trusses 1 with one side or the other /the opposite, respectively, the location of this part of the film 10 or 6/. Stretch cords 14 carry the tension of the film relative to the farm 1. For ventilation on the rods 16 may nakativaetsa side film 6 and they can be located on the tabs 15. Door slats 9 halves of the film 10 can also be in open position during the ventilation of the greenhouse. The use of lateral arched trusses 1 in the form of two-sided curved arches 7, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers 8, produces a very sturdy construction simple means.

1. Greenhouse, including lateral arch farm of wood connected along the greenhouse over the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels through the respective side rails, while the greenhouse is covered with a translucent film and has an input from at least one end, wherein each side of the arched farm is designed as two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers, and the entrance is made in the form of a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of a transparent film, while in the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and sash lock placed to lock the mentioned door rails in a vertical position.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the edge of the transparent film constituting the canopy and tight side surface of the greenhouse, cut and skipped the appropriate cords for tightening relative to the lateral arch trusses on top of the translucent films are placed in tension cords.

 

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