(57) Abstract:Usage: the invention relates to agriculture, namely, to structures for growing plants in greenhouses. An object of the invention is to simplify the design while reducing material consumption without reducing its operational capabilities, and simplify its Assembly and disassembly. This is achieved by the fact that the greenhouse includes lateral arch farm wood associated along greenhouses hinge on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels through the respective side rails. The greenhouse is covered with a translucent film and has an input from at least one end. Arched frames are made in the form of two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between the spacers. The entrance is a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of the translucent film. In the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and seventysomething relates to agriculture, namely, facilities for growing plants in greenhouses.Known greenhouse, made in the form of arched structures, covered with a film (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 247693, publ. 04.08. 69). In this case, the design is a complex frame, which is mounted on the capital base, which makes it difficult to transfer to a new place.Also known greenhouse arch type, covered with foil, each of the arches which represents the load-bearing structure for the entire profile of the greenhouse (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 305698, publ. 25.10.79). In this case, due to the bulkiness of the arches build a greenhouse very difficult.In addition, a known greenhouse, including arches, articulated between themselves and covered with a film material (ABT. the certificate of the USSR N 331598, publ. 25.10.79) having vent openings and tension cables. In this case, the design of this greenhouse is also quite complicated.Closest to the stated is the greenhouse, including the lateral arch of the farm from the tree associated along greenhouses hinge on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels - through side ralista USSR N 1762803, publ. 23.09.92). In this case, the greenhouse is a team of construction large enough complexity that requires many details that are used to make this design stiffness, which leads to significant material.The technical task of the present invention is to simplify the design while reducing material consumption without reducing its operational capabilities, and simplify its Assembly and disassembly.This task is solved in that each side of the arched farm is designed as two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers, and the entrance is made in the form of a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of a transparent film, while in the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and sash lock placed to lock the mentioned door rails in a vertical position.And the fact that the edges of the transparent film constituting the canopy and tight side surface Novlene on the sides of the greenhouse.And besides the fact that between the lateral arched trusses on top of the translucent films are placed in tension cords.It should be noted that the simplicity of the design is versatile and simple to manufacture its constituent elements, which are also connected by means of simple fasteners.In the most common embodiment, these elements may be made from discarded materials, in particular wood, which allows to produce the claimed design in almost any terrain and in any industry.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the greenhouse from the side, Fig.2 is a side view, Fig. 3 is a General view of the canopy of Fig.4 is a view of the nest and swivels, Fig.5 - the location of the tightening cords.The greenhouse includes lateral arch farm 1 of wood connected along greenhouses hinge 2 on the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the bottom side 3 and the end 4 of the rails and at multiple levels - through the respective side 5 of the rails. The greenhouse is covered with a translucent film 6 and is input to at least one end. Each side of the arched farm 1 is designed as two-sided curved arches 7 SV is sovannara two door rails 9, in the ridge portion mounted on axes /not shown/, each associated with a corresponding half of the 10 side of the translucent film. In the middle part of the face 4 of the rail, on which are located the door rail 9, a socket 11 for the data of the rails 9 and the sash lock 12, posted with the possibility of fixing these rails 9 of the rails in a vertical position. Edge of the transparent film 6 constituting the canopy of the two halves 10 and edges, tight lateral surface of the greenhouse hemmed and skipped the appropriate cords 13 for retraction relative to the arched trusses 1 installed on the sides of the greenhouse. In addition, between the lateral arch farms 1 on top of the transparent film 6 are stretch cords 14. A greenhouse can have the tabs 15, which can fit the rods 16, is fixed in the lower part of the side surface of the film 6. On the ridge of the greenhouse for fixing film 6 may be ridged rake/not shown/.The greenhouse is assembled as follows. Lateral arch farm 1 from some vertex pairs are held together by hinges 2, and the other ends are fastened to the bottom side rails 3, which are fixed in the closed perimeter of the end 4 rails. Suitable the top film 6, which can be fixed ridge rail. Door slats 9 in the area of the entrance into the greenhouse /from one or both ends of the ridge are mounted on the axle and fastened with halves 10 films. In the middle part of the end rails 4 under the said axles has a socket 11 in which the vertical location are Reiki 9, and the sash lock 12 can be fixed in its horizontal position or open at its vertical location. In the hemmed edges of the halves of the film 10 or the side of the film 6 are skipped cords 13 that draw the film against the end of the arched trusses 1 with one side or the other /the opposite, respectively, the location of this part of the film 10 or 6/. Stretch cords 14 carry the tension of the film relative to the farm 1. For ventilation on the rods 16 may nakativaetsa side film 6 and they can be located on the tabs 15. Door slats 9 halves of the film 10 can also be in open position during the ventilation of the greenhouse. The use of lateral arched trusses 1 in the form of two-sided curved arches 7, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers 8, produces a very sturdy construction simple means.1. Greenhouse, including lateral arch farm of wood connected along the greenhouse over the ridge, and at the base around the perimeter of the greenhouse through the lower side and end rails and at multiple levels through the respective side rails, while the greenhouse is covered with a translucent film and has an input from at least one end, wherein each side of the arched farm is designed as two-sided curved arches, connected at the ends and having mounted between spacers, and the entrance is made in the form of a canopy formed by two door rails, the ridge portion mounted on the axles, each associated with a corresponding half of a side of a transparent film, while in the middle part of the end rails, on which are located the door slats, mounted socket for data rails and sash lock placed to lock the mentioned door rails in a vertical position.2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the edge of the transparent film constituting the canopy and tight side surface of the greenhouse, cut and skipped the appropriate cords for tightening relative to the lateral arch trusses on top of the translucent films are placed in tension cords.
SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.
EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in greenhouses and other sheltered ground constructions. Proposed guard for greenhouse containing multiple-layer guard with air spacer and glass roof, light transparent polymeric air bottles are placed between layers. Edges of film panels are fixed in detachable semirigid combination cords and are secured in sockets found on roof of greenhouse. Thanks to it control of heat protective characteristics of roof depending on weather conditions is provided.
EFFECT: reduced labor input when mounting film coating on roof of greenhouse.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: covering and packaging materials.
SUBSTANCE: covering synthetic material is three-layer polyethylene film. Two layers define hermetically sealed cylindrical cavities secured with each other along generatrix lines. Third flat layer is attached to cylinders along tangent generatrix lines. Return valve is built into each of said cylinders for filling, retaining and relieving of air. On maximal filling of cylinders with air, material obtains constructional properties helpful in constructing of flat and three-dimensional temporary sheds providing "hot-house" effect. Upon complete relieving of air from cylinders, material is wound into compact roll.
EFFECT: improved heat-insulating and physical properties of material without affecting solar radiation permeability.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; protection of plants against unfavorable weather.
SUBSTANCE: load-bearing members of greenhouse roof are made in form of flexible cords fastened with film guard and suspended in taut state between end uprights on which they may be moved, freely fitted and taken off. Film guard is provided with drain recesses having semispherical holes in lower part. Some recesses are provided with drain valves made in form of two rings inserted one into other and section of film sleeve laid in between rings.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency; reduction of labor consumption; possibility of mounting temporary multi-layer guard in case of light frost.
4 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; growing plants at lesser consumption of electrical and thermal energy due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed greenhouse complex includes base, transparent heat-insulating dome-shaped coat with round transparent heat-insulation aperture in center. Coat is secured on load-bearing supports mounted vertically on base; it is manufactured from roofing blocks made from light-tight material at low heat conductivity and provided with through holes in form of truncated cones or pyramids coated from the inside with beam-reflecting material with their vertices directed inside or outside the coat. Holes are closed with inserts from the outside and inside which are made from thin transparent material; surfaces of said blocks directed inside coat and not occupied by through holes and technological holes are coated with beam-reflecting material. Areas with plants being cultivated, main and auxiliary technological equipment and plant life support systems are located inside coat and helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir consists of two vessels: one of them is filled with water and is mounted on base in center of coat and other is mounted coaxially inside first one and is insulated at sides and from beneath with low-conductivity material. Second vessel is closed at the top by its own transparent heat-insulating coat and is filled with common salt, for example. Two light reflectors which are cooled with water are made in form of truncated cones or truncated polyhedral pyramids. First of them with outer side light-reflecting surface is mounted with vertex downward above coat, coaxially with it. Second reflector is hollow; it is provided with light-reflecting surfaces; it is mounted coaxially relative to first reflector with vertex upward inside coat above helio-absorbing heat-insulating reservoir. Flat beam-reflecting panels located on area adjoining the coat concentrically relative to it are arranged in two rows. Each said panel is mounted on output link of its two-coordinated swivel mechanism provided with controllable drive. Base of drive is secured on bearing strut vertically mounted on ground surface. Provision is made for additional energy channel together with two said light reflectors which is made in form of flux of sun beams reflected by beam-reflecting panels of helio-absorbing heat-accumulating reservoir concentrated and directed downward. If necessary, it may be spread over entire surface. Controllable drives of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms are connected by their inputs to output of automatic control unit realized at base of computer center. Electrical inputs of center are connected with sensors of media contained in helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir and in space under coat, as well as with wind velocity and direction sensors and with coordinate position sensors of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms.
EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
13 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.
SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.
FIELD: growing of farm crops in ground protected from environment and creation of optimum microclimate for plants.
SUBSTANCE: garden frame has carcass made from profiled metal parts connected with one another through screw-type fastening members. Poles are fixed on ground-buried supports. Horizontal longitudinal girders are connected to poles so as to form cells. Inclined and horizontal cross-pieces are connected to each other and to ceiling poles so as to define principal triangular framework. Roof panels of enclosure carry girders. Frame is furnished with pivotal transoms having light-transmitting film covering. Transoms are designed to be opened and fixed in closed position. Transoms pins of rotation are retained on inclined girders. Retainers are located on girders connecting inclined cross-pieces. Each of said inclined cross-piece is made of corner metal profile and consists of two parts with upper and lower arrangement of corner strips.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.
2 cl, 12 dwg