Device for cleaning liquid

 

(57) Abstract:

The device is intended for cleaning liquid, mainly drinking water in the household or field conditions. The device comprises a filter plug, reducer sleeve with an internal partition, which is fitting for the supply of the purified fluid. The fitting is sealed tube for supplying water to be purified. The device further comprises means to forcibly move the cleaned liquid from the tank cleaned fluid into the filtering module is made in the form of a pneumatic blower and tubes that deliver the cleaned fluid, as a container, it contains a polymer bottle for soft drinks or other food liquids with an external thread on the neck, and the filtering module it contains a filter B300 production of JSC "AQUAPHOR" beyond 3697-011-11139511-95 with filter material "AQUATIC". The invention provides the ability to cheaply, quickly and benign clear liquid in the household and field conditions. 16 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

The invention relates to fluid treatment, mainly drinking water, living conditions, inadequate without running water or nedostate is the housing for the effective mechanical, sorption and bactericidal treatment of drinking water using filtration devices, which allows filtration of liquid through adsorption and antibacterial filter material to ensure the improvement of sorption and bactericidal treatment and improve the quality of treated water.

The invention can find application in the efficient and rapid purification of drinking water and/or other liquids domestic or industrial consumption.

The level of technology.

Need cheap, fast and high-quality drinking water in home conditions uncomfortable (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) cottage or garden areas, and especially in field conditions, is an urgent and obvious.

Typical end water treatment system is connected to the source of the purified liquid cartridge filter, providing clean fluid at its filtration through the filter under gravity or gauge pressure of the water supply network and collecting the purified liquid below the capacity of the purified fluid. As a cleaning agent from chlorine, organics, etc is granulated carbon or activated carbon fiber.

The most widespread in practice connected to the water supply network portable filters, however they are able to function effectively only in the presence of water with sufficient pressure in the network and is usually unsuitable for water purification in the field.

Significant technical disadvantage of the known constructions filtering devices that can be used in field conditions and in which the filtering is done by the gravitational force of gravity from top to bottom, is relatively low hydrostatic pressure of a column of the purified liquid, which consequently limits the quality and speed of filtration.

Attempts to increase the volume of the filter material without seal (without increasing the hydraulic resistance of the filter) lead to a sharp decrease of the uniformity of the filter section of the filter due to the manifestation of the "channel effect" (not filtering across the section, and on separate channels), which in turn reduces the quality of cleaning and operating life of the filter.

Attempts to optimize the filtering mode by increasing the amount of filter material complications consensus type" (in which the purification is installed inside the jug filter module), working due to the hydrostatic pressure of a column of water to be purified, filtered water with a very low speed (as differential levels of cleaned fluid and filter is very small), so for the efficient and rapid purification of drinking water in practice we usually use attachable to the water filters are working due to the excess pressure of the water supply network.

Another technical disadvantage of the known constructions with fluid filtration under gravity gravity in the downward direction is the formation of gas and air bubbles inside the filter material. These bubbles are blocking the pores, make it difficult and sometimes even completely prevent the flow of fluid through the filter. To solve this problem, developing a special gazoulavlivayuschie design in the filter, which greatly complicates and increases the cost of construction and limits the scope of applicability of the filters.

It is known, for example, the water treatment device is described in U.S. patent N 4969996, (MKI B 61 D 24/22, published 13.11.1990 g) [1], containing a filling funnel for the purified liquid, a glass of collecting the purified liquid, firmly planted in this funnel, and insertion of the filter element to the replacement agent granulated type. To ensure that any accumulated gases and/or air could not impede the flow to be treated water through the bottom part, is provided in the device special gasolline device in the form of gasosaurus space and along the side walls of the venting grooves.

Known filter for purification of water, comprising a housing holds the filter elements for the mechanical and sorption, inlet and outlet pipes, which is to increase mezhregionalnogo period is supplied mounted in the casing glasses, on the inner walls of which are made multiple threads for swirl flow treated water, the glasses are connected to one another with total cover, the filter elements are placed in the cups, and inlet and outlet pipes attached to the lid of the filtrate (and. C. the USSR N 1189479, publ. 07.11.85 BI N 41, B 01 D 24/10, C 02 F 1/18) [2].

The closest in technical essence and the achieved when using the result (the prototype) is a device for purification of drinking water that is described in the patent of Russian Federation N 2105721 (MCI C 02 F 1/8, B 01 D 27/02, published 27.02.1998, BI N 6) [3], which contains the quick filter module, the number of main telephone is razmennoy water, the fastening elements on the housing of the filter module, a reservoir for collecting the purified water, a flexible tube for discharge of treated water and a removable bracket for fixing its position relative to the capacity of purified water.

These designs are filtering devices are bulky, difficult to manufacture and operate, and fast enough and efficiently purify water. In addition, known devices do not allow you to cheaply, quickly and efficiently clear liquid in inadequate household and field conditions, where practically difficult to organize (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) is required for quick and effective cleaning pressure treated water.

Objectives of the invention.

The main technical problem (not allowed until the present inventive task), constraining the expansion of the cleaning liquids (drinking water) in the domestic environment is that the need for cheap, quick, but effective cleaning requires the use of widely known individual structural elements, as well as create the optimum hydraulic pressure to overcome the resistance of the filter (to increase speed avicenia quality cleaning).

In addition, for the efficient operation of filters of liquid (drinking water) must not only provide a uniform flow of liquid through the filter with minimal resistance, but also to ensure the presence of fluid in the filter during necessary for the sorption of dissolved contaminants of time (from 5 to 15 minutes).

The main objective of the invention (the required technical result achievable with the use of the invention is the provision of opportunities for cheap, fast and quality cleaning liquid (drinking water) at home on uncomfortable (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) cottage or garden areas and/or in field conditions due to the optimum organization of the filtering mode of the liquid while simplifying and cheapening the construction of the filter device as a whole and reducing unit costs of cleanup.

Additional tasks of the group of inventions is to simplify the operation of attaching the filter module to the vessel being cleaned liquid, and also the possibility of using known filtering modules, typically used for connection to the water mains with huts is s polymer bottles, widely used at present for a variety of soft drinks and other food liquids.

The essence of the invention.

The goal and the required technical result when using the invention are achieved by the fact that in the device for purifying liquids, mainly drinking water containing filter plug with sleeve, tube for discharge of treated water and means for supplying water to be purified, according to the invention the transition sleeve further comprises a nozzle for supplying the cleaned fluid, located on the wall inside of the transition sleeve, and is made with the possibility of hermetic joining of pipes for the supply of the purified liquid.

While the transition to hub-side inlet treated water is additionally performed an internal thread corresponding to the external thread on the neck of a vessel treated water (corresponding to the outer thread of the polymer bottles for soft drinks), and choke the supply of treated water is located within the transition sleeve coaxial to its axis (i.e. along the axis of the transition sleeve).

In addition, the device further comprises means for prinuditel the ski supercharger (for example, as widely used in spray guns elastic "rubber bulbs and tubes that deliver water to be purified or in the form of a sealed container of water tube for supplying compressed air into the tank water to be purified and pneumatic blower.

In addition, the transition sleeve is additionally placed radially located fitting compressed air into the tank cleaned fluid which is connected through the feed tube of compressed air from a pneumatic blower.

To improve the efficiency of the filtering device includes means for sealing the junction of the transition sleeve and the filter module and the junction point of the transition sleeve and sealed containers of cleaned liquid, made, for example, in the form of a gasket.

To improve the manufacturability of the module and improve its environmental safety case of the filtering module, the transition sleeve and the tube inlet and outlet being cleaned and for discharge of treated liquid made from polymeric materials of the class of polyolefins, such as polyethylene or polypropylene.

At the transition sleeve is additionally made resistant ledge, and as the capacity of achine.

As the filter module in the device according to the invention it is advisable to use well-proven in practice, the filter B300 production of JSC "AQUAPHOR" (St. Petersburg), manufactured under THE 3697-011-11139511-95 commonly used for the treatment of drinking water at home by attaching to the water supply and filtration of water under the action of excess pressure of the water supply network.

To improve the quality cleaning set filter module as a filtering material, it is advisable to use a mixture of granulated activated carbon and activated carbon fiber. The activated carbon fiber is advisable to use material "AQUATIC", produced by JSC "AQUAPHOR" RF patent for invention N 2070436 (publ. in BI N 35 20.12.1996,) and TU 1591-006-11139511-94, and as granular coal activated carbon from coconut shell.

When this filter module for effective mechanical cleaning further comprises a layer of microporous material, such as microporous polyethylene or other similar functions microporous material that delay IU the CSOs paintings of ion exchange fibers or other similar functionality removal of dissolved contaminants known material.

As follows from the above review of the prior art, the design of the inventive device for cleaning liquids, mainly drinking water, is a new, unknown from publicly available information sources and are not derived explicitly from the prior art. That is, the proposed technical solution of inventive problems are not obvious to a person skilled and comply with the requirements of the eligibility criterion of "inventive step".

Compared with the prototype of the invention provides a new, not previously known set of public and private significant features, therefore, the invention meets the criteria of "novelty".

Some significant features of the invention known, however, aggregate public and private distinctive essential features of the invention among the famous in science and technology solutions, in the amount of conducted the search, not found. In addition, features of the invention perform new not previously known function, that is used for any other purpose and provide the possibility of obtaining new technical result.

The combination of public and private essential to recognize the achievement (achieve the desired technical result).

Indeed, as will be further shown below in specific examples of implementation, the invention allows not only to provide a qualitative and rapid purification of liquid (drinking water) in inadequate household or field conditions by the optimal organization of the filtering mode of the liquid in the filter while simplifying and cheapening the construction of the filter device in General the invention, but also to facilitate the operation of attaching a filter to the source of the purified liquid, reduce the cost of construction of the device as a whole and manufacturability of its manufacture, as well as to improve the quality of cleaning in comparison with the known available filters for the filtration of liquids.

List of figures.

Disclosure of the invention is illustrated by drawings:

in Fig. 1 shows a General view of the basic variant of embodiment of the device for purification of drinking water from the polymer bottles;

in Fig. 2 shows an additional variant of purification of drinking water in field conditions;

in Fig. 3 is an axial section of a filter module;

in Fig. 4, 5 and 6 is a front view, side view and top view of the transition sleeve;

in Fig. 7 Ene illustrated by examples of implementation of the invention.

Device for purification of drinking water in home conditions uncomfortable (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) cottage or garden areas or in field conditions (Fig. 1, 2) contains the filter module 1, the adapter sleeve 2, a pipe for discharge of treated water 3 and the pipe cleaned (dirty) water 4. The filter module 1 through the transition sleeve 2 mounted on the vessel for the purified liquid 6, which is used polymeric bottle for soft drinks or other food liquids (Fig. 1).

To move the water to be purified and creating necessary for optimal filtering water pressure device comprises a pneumatic blower 7, made for example in the form of a rubber pear", and for fixing the position of the tube for discharge of treated water 3 and the direction of the jet of purified water in a container of purified liquid (not shown) the device includes a bracket 8.

Before you start cleaning, cleaned (dirty) water 9 is poured into a sealed plastic bottle 6 (Fig. 1) or an open container of cleaned fluid 10 (Fig. 2).

The filter module 1 (Fig. 3) comprises a cylindrical (or conical) Stakhanovsky koruny exit purified fluid inside the filter module is a layer of microporous material 14 for retaining particles, and by the supply of the purified fluid is a layer katiana - 15 and anyone - 16 (ion exchange) material, which further closes the pressure bars 17, which is installed with an interference fit on the inner part of the pipe supply the cleaned fluid 18, which is coaxial (coaxial) is located inside the housing of the filter module and which communicates with the socket 19 for fixing the transition bushing by tapping deposited on a cylindrical projection 20 (Fig. 3).

For discharge of treated water on the body of the filtering module is made fitting for discharge of treated liquid 21, which is attached a tube for discharge of treated liquid 3.

In the coupling zone of the transition sleeve 2 and the filter module 1, as well as in the coupling zone of the transition sleeve 2 and the neck of the polymer bottle with the purified liquid is set sealant sealing ring gasket.

Transition sleeve 2 (Fig. 4 - 7) contains radially located fitting compressed air 23.

By attaching to the filter module transition sleeve includes an external thread 24 (Fig. 4, 5, 7) compatible with the internal threads on a cylindrical flange 20 of the filter module (Fig. 3).

With playboy on the necks of polymer bottles for soft drinks or other food liquids.

Within the transition sleeve 2 on the inner wall made fitting the supply of the purified fluid 26 (Fig. 1, 7), and on the outer surface of the transition sleeve is resistant ledge 27 (Fig. 4, 6, 7), required for sealing attachment of the transition sleeve on the neck of the bottle with the purified liquid 6 (Fig. 1).

Device for purification of drinking water in home conditions uncomfortable (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) cottage or garden plots or field functions (basic variant) as follows (Fig. 1).

Liquid (dirty water) 9 polymer is poured into a bottle of soft drink 6 to 3/4 of its volume, and on the neck of the bottle tightly wind the adapter sleeve 2 with the supply pipe cleaned fluid 4, a pipe for supplying compressed air 5 air blower 7.

Then on the adapter sleeve 2 top-wound filtration module 1 with a pipe for discharge of treated liquid (pure water) (Fig. 1).

After that, a pneumatic blower 7 through the tube compressed air 5 and the fitting compressed air 23 on the intermediate sleeve 2 create excessive pressure in the liquid (dirty water) 9 due to the pressure drop through the supply pipe cleaned fluid 4, fitting the supply of the purified fluid 26 on the intermediate sleeve 23 is supplied to the filter module 1, profiltruyut through the filter material, purified, and the purified liquid (pure water) through the nozzle for discharge of treated liquid 21 on the housing of the filter module and the tube for discharge of treated liquid 3 is supplied into the container collecting the purified liquid (pure water).

To speed up filtering, it is advisable to periodically pump up pneumatic blower 7 compressed air into the bottle 6 (Fig. 1).

Device for purification of drinking water in home conditions uncomfortable (no water or insufficient pressure in the water supply network) cottage or garden plots or field works (additional option) as follows (Fig. 2):

Reducer sleeve 2 is hermetically fixed in a filter module 1, disconnect the tube compressed air 5 from the nozzle of the compressed air 23 and attached to the nozzle for supplying the cleaned fluid 26 on the intermediate sleeve 2, and the pipe cleaned fluid 4 is attached to the suction nozzle of a pneumatic blower 7 (Fig. 2).

Liquid (dirty water) 9 from the open eat the ith module 1, and purified water through the drain hose clean fluid is collected in a container of purified liquid. However, this constant injection of the purified liquid in the filtration module.

The present invention can be used for cleaning various liquids household and/or industrial consumer, however, it is most preferable to use it for drinking water.

Specific dimensions and some structural parameters of the execution of the filtering module, the transition sleeve and the filter device as a whole can be selected by specialists depending on the purpose and performance of filtration.

As structural materials can be used almost any known and used in filtration technology materials, as well as the known Assembly techniques.

The filtering module device according to the invention it is advisable to use well-proven in practice, the filter B300 production of JSC "AQUAPHOR" (St. Petersburg), manufactured under THE 3697-011-11139511-95 commonly used for the treatment of drinking water at home by attaching to the water supply network and filtranti and function of the filtering module.

As a filtering material of the filtering module may contain a mixture of granulated activated carbon and activated carbon fiber. The activated carbon fiber is advisable to use material "AQUATIC", made AO AQUATOR by RF patent for invention N 2070436 (publ. in BI N 35, 20.12.1996,) and TU 1591-006-11139511-94, and as granulated charcoal filter material may include activated carbon from coconut shell or any other known filter materials.

All this provides the opportunity, with significant simplification and cheapening the design and technology of their production, to significantly improve the quality and speed of treatment in comparison with the known available devices for filtration of fluid in the uncomfortable household and field conditions with simultaneous reduction of unit cost of filtration per unit volume of contaminated liquid (dirty water).

Industrial applicability.

The above detailed description of the design of the transition sleeve, a filtering module, a separate structural elements and entire filtration products known in the art and well-developed modern equipment and technology.

The above examples of practical implementation of the invention demonstrate the ability to obtain when using the inventions of new technical result and confirm the possibility of industrial applicability of the invention, and show the effectiveness of the invention in comparison with known designs.

The criteria for eligibility.

In General, given the novelty and non-obviousness of the invention (shown in the section "summary of the invention"), the materiality of all the General and specific features of the invention (shown in the section "Disclosure"), and also shown in the section "Examples of implementation of the invention and Industrial applicability, practicability of the invention and the achievement of invention tasks, in our opinion, the claimed invention meets the requirements for eligibility requirements for inventions.

Thus, there is every reason to believe that the invention meets all the requirements of eligibility criteria, and the analysis also shows that all General and particular characteristics of the invention are significant, as each of them necessary, and together they not only DOS is a manual.

1. Device for cleaning liquid, mainly drinking water containing filter plug with sleeve, tube for discharge of treated liquid and a means for supplying a purified fluid, wherein the transition sleeve further comprises a nozzle for supplying the cleaned fluid, located on the wall inside of the transition sleeve, and is made with the possibility of hermetic joining of pipes for the supply of the purified liquid.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the transition to the sleeve by a supply of clean liquid is additionally performed an internal thread corresponding to the external thread on the neck of a vessel being cleaned fluid.

3. The device according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the nozzle for supplying the cleaned fluid is coaxial transition sleeve.

4. The device according to PP.1 to 3, characterized in that it further comprises means for forced relocation of the purified fluid from the tank cleaned liquid in the filtration module.

5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the means forced displacement of the cleaned fluid into the filtering module is made in the form of pneumatic tool to forcibly move the cleaned liquid from the tank cleaned fluid into the filtering module is made in the form of a sealed container of cleaned liquid, tube compressed air into the tank cleaned fluid and pneumatic blower.

7. The device according to PP.1 to 4, to 6, characterized in that the transition sleeve is additionally mounted in the fitting compressed air into the tank cleaned fluid which is connected with a pneumatic blower through the feed tube of compressed air.

8. The device according to p. 7, characterized in that the fitting compressed air on the intermediate sleeve located radially.

9. The device according to PP.1 to 9, characterized in that it further comprises means for sealing the junction of the transition sleeve and filter module, made for example in the form of a gasket.

10. The device according to PP. 6 to 9, characterized in that it further comprises means for sealing the junction of the transition sleeve and sealed containers of cleaned liquid, made, for example, in the form of a gasket.

11. The device according to PP. 1 to 10, characterized in that the transition sleeve is made of a polymeric material, for example polypropylene.

12. The device according to PP.1 to 10, characterized in that the transition sleeve is additionally made resistant ledge.

14. The device according to PP.1 - 13, characterized in that the filtering module it contains a filter B300 production of JSC "AQUAPHOR" beyond 3697-011-11139511-95.

15. The device according to PP. 1 to 14, characterized in that the filter module, the filter material comprises a mixture of granulated activated carbon and activated carbon fiber.

16. The device according to p. 15, characterized in that the activated carbon fiber filter module contains material "AQUATIC", and as granulated coal contains activated carbon from coconut shell.

17. The device according to p. 16, wherein the filter module further comprises a microporous material and the ion-exchange material in the form of needlefelt or ion exchange fibers.

 

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