Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular for the garden greenhouses for cultivation of agricultural plants, vegetables, flowers, etc., the Greenhouse contains a section frame consisting of end walls, gable roof with at least one transom, to the rays which are at an obtuse angle are the side gable wall, door, translucent roof, side wall supporting elements, the bottom shelf of each of which is turned outward and posted to another shelf at an obtuse angle. The design of the greenhouse is characterized by the fact that the slopes of the roof are connected pivotally to education when mounting the internal angle 110 - 119othe transom is made triangular in shape, is in locking engagement with the ridge of the roof and is located above the center of gravity. In this case the angle between the shelves each side of the element is equal 102-108oand the internal angle at the base of each side wall 80-86. The internal angle between the slopes of each side wall is equal to the inner corner between the roof and the upper slope of the side wall and is 153-157. The length of the greenhouse L = (815N )+ 50 mm, where 815 - a single section length in mm; N is the number of partitions; 50 techno the NOC, made with the possibility of moving along it. The invention allows to improve the performance characteristics of the greenhouse and to simplify its installation. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular for the garden greenhouses for cultivation of agricultural plants, vegetables, flowers, etc.

Famous arched greenhouse containing a rigid body consisting of a gable roof, translucent cover, side gable walls with gates and side support elements (see Brandman S. E. and Fedorov Century. And. Goods for private farms/Directory. - M.: Economy. - S. 66-68, Fig. 21).

Known greenhouse is a single standard size and can be used only with a specific climate zone. In addition, its installation causes inconvenience due to the fact that the building greenhouses at first entirely going, and then it is placed on the Foundation. At sufficiently high structural weight (200 kg) it can be done only a few people. Therefore, the installation of greenhouses requires more labor.

Closest to the claimed invention is a greenhouse containing section frame consisting of end walls having FRAM the transparent floor, the side wall supporting elements, the bottom shelf of each of which is turned outward and posted to another shelf at an obtuse angle (see RU, patent 2067813, ITUC A 01 G 9/14, 1996).

In the well-known greenhouse enclosure bunk, removable top layer of which is formed a gable roof and side walls and the bottom tier has two of the reference frame, each of which is formed of a gable wall and inner enclosures. As you can see and this greenhouse is definitely a complex structure and greater complexity during installation. In addition, on the roof of the greenhouse in pairs mounted to the transom in the form of frames with automatic opening with thermosalinograph. Installing thermosalinograph when mounting requires great accuracy. If you put one cylinder, then the possible misalignment of the frame, and the installation of two cylinders increases the cost of the greenhouse.

The invention aims to remedy these disadvantages.

This task is solved in that in a greenhouse containing section frame consisting of end walls, gable roof with at least one transom, to the rays which are at an obtuse angle are the side gable wall, door, translucent roof, side wall supporting elements or the second roof slopes are interconnected hinge for education when mounting the internal angle from 110 to 119othe transom is made triangular in shape and is in locking engagement with the ridge of the roof. The center of gravity of the transom is located at the top. In this case the angle between the shelves each side of the element is equal 102-108oand the internal angle at the base of each side wall - 80-86o. The internal angle between the slopes of each side wall is equal to the inner corner between the roof and the upper slope of the side wall and is 153-157o. The length of the greenhouse L = (815N) + 50 mm, where 815 - a single section length in mm; N is the number of partitions; 50 - technologically permissible length of the greenhouse in mm from the target. A door mounted on one of the end walls, are made to move along it.

The connection of the roof hinge between them allows you to smoothly change the width of the greenhouse within 200 mm, which allows the installation of any defects Foundation (the Foundation) and, in addition, to adjust the angle of the roof to achieve the necessary light for plants in any light time of the day. Accommodation stingrays side walls under the specified angles, and the angle between the shelves of the lateral support elements allows to simplify installation and improve operational radicova engagement with the ridge of the roof can improve the performance parameters of the greenhouse and to reduce wind load due to its aerodynamics. Concurrent execution of the greenhouse allows you to get any length depending on operational parameters.

Thus the use of the invention can be improved operational characteristics of the greenhouse and simplified installation.

In the prior art (see Berson, H. polar vegetables. - M.: Kolos. - 1979. - S. 43-52) known gable and polygon greenhouses with different angles at the apex of the roof, install the side gable walls to roof slopes with different length, width and height.

However, the inventors calculated the claimed parameters greenhouses and grounded structural characteristics that are not explicitly follow from the known from the prior art greenhouses and prototype, and the combination of which allows you to retrieve the specified technical result.

Industrial use of the claimed design of the greenhouse is not straightforward, since the production of its elements can be produced at any industrial equipment intended for pressing and bending a metal profiles.

Analysis of the known authors of information on this subject leads to the conclusion that the claimed sobriety.

The design of the greenhouse is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows the greenhouse, end view;

in Fig. 2 shows the greenhouse having end and sliding side doors, side view;

in Fig. 3 - this is the same end view.

The greenhouse contains a frame 1 made of sections 2, end walls 3 and side gable walls 4, gable roof 5, the translucent cover 6 (for example glass). The door 7 may be located in or on one of the end walls 3 and/or on the side wall 4. The door can be made single-8 (on the side wall of Fig. 2), and bivalve 9 (on the end wall of Fig. 1). On the end wall 3 may be mounted sliding door 10 (Fig. 3), i.e., a door mounted for movement along the wall. In addition, side entrance can be made from any side and in any position to which released two light openings of the first and second row of glasses.

Rays 11 and 12 of the roof 5 are interconnected pivotally, for example, using bolts and nuts (without knee). This allows for the installation of greenhouses depending on the climate zone and other settings to adjust the angle at the apex of the roof 5 from 110 to 119o.

The installation angle of the side walls 4 to 11 stingrays and agnosti to provide the best illumination inside the greenhouse. This and other values of this angle is achieved technical result.

The greenhouse is assembled from a set of standardized parts with bolted connections. Items of the same type and made of sheet steel (or waste) a method of bending and punching that when the Assembly provides the necessary geometry and dimensions of the greenhouse. Mounting holes in the parts are symmetrical, due to their interchangeability.

The frame 1 of the greenhouse consists of arched racks with 13 broken generatrix collected from the supporting rods 14 (bent elbow) by struts 15 bolted.

Arched rack 13 are sequentially installed on a Foundation (the Foundation) and connected by a bottom 16, medium 17 and top 18 links by bolting through the compensation slot mounting connection.

After installation, the end door blocks the greenhouse frame becomes rigid spatial farm. The frame is attached to the Foundation (the Foundation) through the mounting holes of the bottom 16 of the relations that represent the lateral angular support elements, the bottom shelf of each of which is turned outward. The angle between the shelves corner altantunya farm with sufficient structural strength. The internal angle at the base of each side wall is equal 80-86o.

After reconciliation, the plumb-line and cords nuts tighten bolted connections permanently and light apertures sequentially stack the sheets of glass that are held and fixed clamping lugs 19 by bolting, with simultaneous installation of skates 20, passages 21 and the triangular transom 22. Each of the latter one party is in locking engagement with the ridge, and the center of gravity is located in the upper part, so the transom is easy to open. Frame transom is in locking engagement with a specially curved ridge, but if necessary, transoms can be easily removed. The triangular shape of the transoms reduces wind load due to its aerodynamics. Blocks transoms interconnected with glass, so they can be placed in any opening of the upper row and in the required quantity. Linear contact frame transom with glass creates a reliable waterproofing of this doorway. The transom can be opened manually and to have the stand with hooks 23, which is fixed in its degree of opening. The transom can open and use thermosalinograph as that of the prototype. In view of the wide use of the Itza L is determined by the formula L = (815 N) + 50 mm, where 815 - a single section length in mm; N is the number of partitions; 50 - technologically permissible length of the greenhouse in mm from the target, i.e. the length of the greenhouse is built up sections 815 mm Width and the height of the greenhouse is determined by the length of the supporting rods 14 and the angle at the apex of the roof.

The optimal length of the supporting rods 14 is defined by a standard glass sizes, so it is advisable to apply the following length of bearing rods - 1010, 1210 and 1610 mm

Combining the length of the supporting rods 14, discretely change the width of the greenhouse from 3 to 5 m and height, respectively, from 2.4 to 3.6 m, the Geometry of the greenhouse provides spontaneous dropping of snow. The greenhouse does not require a high basement (150 mm above ground level), this reduces the installation and increases the luminous flux. The angles of inclination of the walls of the greenhouses create optimal conditions for the perception of solar energy at any length time of day.

Method water shutoff and strengthening of glass used in the construction of greenhouses, does not require putty or other sealing elements known in practice, and based on the meniscus effect in linear contact of the retainer plate with glass and provides reliable waterproofing, as well as "floating" >The calculation of loads, the axial distribution of the compressive or tensile elements (parts) of the greenhouse frame enables the design as a spatial farm. Therefore, the elements (parts) of the greenhouse is made in a lightweight version.

1. Greenhouse containing section frame consisting of end walls having at least one transom of a gable roof, the slopes of which is at an obtuse angle are the side gable wall, door, translucent roof, side wall supporting elements, the bottom shelf of each of which is turned outward and posted to another shelf at an obtuse angle, characterized in that the roof slopes are interconnected hinge for education when mounting the internal angle 110 - 119othe transom is made triangular in shape, is located on one side in the lock engages with the ridge of the roof and is located above the center of gravity, the angle between the shelves each side of the element is equal 102-108oand the internal angle at the base of each side wall 80-86o.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the internal angle between the slopes of each side wall is equal to the inner corner between the roof and the top of the slope side stank) + 50 mm,

where 815 - a single section length in mm;

N is the number of partitions;

50 - technologically permissible length of the greenhouse in mm from the target.

4. The greenhouse under item 1, wherein the door is mounted on one end wall, configured to move along it.

 

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