The way of learning the operation of the vehicle and the simulator
(57) Abstract:Usage: in simulators for training the vehicle. The essence of the invention: on-screen display located in front of him, the touch switch panel reproduces the image of the control panel of the vehicle. The learner selects and zooms in on the desired switch by touching the area of the display screen where it is located, and performs this change simulated control mode. When this is reproduced on the display an image corresponding to the switch indicator device. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 10 ill. The invention relates to methods and simulators for training the vehicle, which are adapted to learn to operate the instrument. Control instrument provides for the self-learner results of its impact on simulators body motion control or set the operation mode of the vehicle on the instrument readings (hereinafter referred to as a display device) and the position of the switches of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle.The effectiveness of management training vehicle instrument largely depends on similarity perceptions of trainees indication devices and switches in the respective real and simulated systems, indications or position which he controls when developing in the process of training each controlled parameter of the movement or operation of the vehicle. The effectiveness of training depends on the concentration of the learner this parameter.When training on the well-known trainer flask Model 131 (exhibition ILA-92 in Berlin, June 1992 ) is a way of learning management plane, including the impact of trainees on the simulator controls the movement or set the operation mode of the aircraft and control of trainees simulated position, motion parameters and operational parameters of the aircraft on the testimony of a display device and the position of the switches of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the aircraft.Trainer flask Model 131 contains the simulator controls the movement of aircraft and the layout information system and set modes of operation of the aircraft, wordline and layout installed in the workplace the learner. Trainer flask Model 131 also includes a computer Central processor which includes a signal corresponding to the simulated position and motion parameters of the aircraft, and the signal corresponding to the readings of the indicator device.The identity of the form controls, and information systems in the aircraft and the simulator facilitates the efficient pilot training on the simulator flask Model 131 when the relative simplicity of the information system of the aircraft. If in the information system of a large number of display devices attention of a student scatters. A significant difference in the information systems of the aircraft, for management training, which is designed simulator, exclude its advantages, due to the identity of the perception of the student information system of the aircraft and its layout in the simulator.Closest to the claimed is a method and a simulator for training the vehicle control implemented in the simulator aircraft IFS + CC89 and Die ElITETMalso displayed at the exhibition ILA-921 (Berlin, June 1992).In these simulators implemented method of learning management transportsecurity vehicles and control them in a simulated situation, motion parameters and operational parameters of the vehicle information display devices and switch positions of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle, the full set of images that are played back on the display screen.Each of these simulators contains the simulator controls the movement and set the operating modes of the vehicle, installed in the workplace the learner, the input device comprising an input block of data traffic associated with the simulator controls the movement of the vehicle, and the block data input mode of operation of the vehicle associated with the simulator body set mode of the vehicle, the output device including a display mounted in the workplace the learner, and the Central processor for the solution algorithms for forming signals corresponding to the simulated position and motion parameters of the vehicle, form signals, the respective image display devices and switches simulated information systems and system tasks d is s devices and switches.Touch-patch panel as input devices in the computer, is described in detail in the patent - 4.205.304 (USA, NRI 340-R, MKI G 28 C 1/00, 1980), applications of N 0.438.173.A2 (EPA, MKI G 06 F 3/023, 1990) and N 0.490.001.A1 (EPA, MKI G 06 F 3/033, 1990), and in the well-known simulators for training, vehicle controls are not applied.The obviousness use in known machines of the switching unit and limit the number of images related to the fact that in them on the display screen is presented to the full set of reproduced images. And the change of reproduced images in them is associated with a change of aircraft type and is a reboot of the software in the computer is not in the process of training, as before.Resolution of the switching unit and limit the number of images is determined by the ability to detect objects the size of which is commensurate with the size of the finger of the learner. The full set of images of the simulated display device of the aircraft, containing, for example, multifunctional electronic indicators located around them the information field of the control buttons, it is not possible to do this because of the small scale of the depicted pereklyuchateli put the task to create this way of training is the driving instrument, which is due to the fast playback on the display screen of the image display devices and switches in the scale, near real-involved in the development of controlled parameters of the movement or operation of the vehicle, would focus the learner on these parameters in the simulated control in real time.The problem is solved in that in the method of learning the operation of the vehicle, including the impact of trainees on simulators body motion control or set the operation mode of the vehicle and control them with the simulated position, motion parameters and operational parameters of the vehicle information display device and the position of the switches of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle, the totality of the image which is reproduced on the display screen, in accordance with the invention, after playing on the screen display full set of image display devices and switches simulated information system and set modes of operation tranny indication device, either of the switches by touching the appropriate area of the display screen located in front of him transparent touch-commutational panel and with a simultaneous increase of the size of their image and re-exposure finger of a student over a portion of the display screen with visible enlarged image of a corresponding switch of the simulated systems of the vehicle implementing changes simulated control mode of the vehicle.The selection of the number of reproduced images prevents the dispersion of attention of the learner and reduces the voltage to them the vision required to focus on the monitored parameter.The zoom relative to the scale when playing a full set of image results in the image in real or close-to-scale, so that the learner develops the necessary skill control. The simulated change of the operation mode of the vehicle or set of controlled parameters influence the learner to toggle image, perceived them as part of a real information system or system set staff time.The selection of the number of reproduced images produced by the impact of a finger of a student over a portion of the display screen is visible to them on the selected image from the set of reproduced images.This selection of images of the training is on-the-fly in real time.When the selection number of images, some indication devices and switches, reproduced on the display screen in an enlarged scale, the image of these display devices and switches, it is advisable to play at the same time in a group of functionally interrelated elements of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle.When the above-mentioned display device and switches on the simulated vehicle are close, their simultaneous playback promotes the development of the necessary skills and control.When selecting the number of images some other indication devices and switches, reproduced on the display screen in an enlarged scale particularly, if the display device and the switch visually not waspractically respective modes of operation, and an enlarged image corresponding to a display device to reproduce when exposed to the learner over a portion of the display screen is visible to them a picture of the switch.Since the control parameter at the specified display device is carried out by the trainee after setting the appropriate mode of operation of the vehicle, the playback sequence of images contributes to the development of the necessary skills and control in real time.In another of the invention is to create a simulator for training the vehicle instrument that implements the proposed method of study and through real-time playback on the display screen, in close to real image display devices and switches involved in the development of controlled parameters of the movement or operation of the vehicle, would focus the learner on these parameters during simulated running in real time and the production of stereotypes actions of the learner, near real when driving sredstava, containing simulators controls movement and set modes of operation of the vehicle, installed in the workplace the learner, the computer device storing image display devices and switches simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle in different positions, motion parameters and operating conditions, the input device, the first input connected to the output of the simulator controls, the second input is connected to the computer, according to the invention equipped with a transparent touch switch panel, located directly in front of the display screen. The panel has a rectangular shape and its perimeter on two adjacent sides is n sequentially placed photodiodes, and on the other two sides opposite them are n sequentially placed LEDs.Added block-commit addresses the impact that contains a switch connected in series photodiodes, a signal input connected to the output of the group of photodiodes, power, random access memory, a comparison circuit, a second input which soedinenii, the output of which is connected to the third input of the input devices, connected in series to the power supply and the switch LEDs, the output of which is connected to control inputs of switches, photo - diodes, register fixation and random access memory.Using the touch-patch panel in the switching unit and limit the number of reproduced data allows the learner to quickly select indication devices and switches for the subsequent concentration on the change of the controlled parameter, including when changing the operation mode of the vehicle.The use of LEDs and photodiodes, orthogonal located on the periphery of the touch-patch panel, it provides transparency. The presence of the synchronization unit and its connection with switches, LEDs and photodiodes provides immunity unit with optimal energy consumption due to the simultaneous illumination of only one pair of LEDs and photodiodes, and polling vertical and horizontal pairs of LEDs and PDS provides the minimum time of the survey.Introduction to system operational saponi-Converter of the photocurrent and the synchronization unit, fixation addresses shaded rays, i.e. the impact of the finger of the learner and on the display screen.Further the invention are explained with specific examples of their performance with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 depicts a block diagram of patentable simulator for training in operation of the vehicle according to the invention, which is implemented in the newly developed method of learning to control the vehicle according to the invention;
Fig. 2 is a screen display with a full set of images of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle when released chassis;
Fig. 3 - the image of the remote engine starting;
Fig. 4 - the image of the remote scoreboard alarm;
Fig. 5 shows the display screen with the image of the cathode ray indicator (ELI) in the mode of delivery of information about the operation of the motors;
Fig. 6 shows the display screen with a full set of images of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle with landing gear retracted;
Fig. 7a is an image of the release lever chassis output "Chassis wiredscholar the display screen with the image of the cathode ray indicator in the mode of issuing flight information;
Fig. 9 shows the display screen with a picture of ELI in mode zoom flight;
Fig. 10 - screen display with the image of the textual information with the characteristic of the intermediate points of the flight and radio beacons.Patent-pending way of learning the operation of the vehicle is implemented using a proprietary simulator for training the vehicle. The simulator includes a simulator 1 (Fig. 1) controls the movement of the vehicle. In this particular example implementation of the invention, the simulator is designed for training air vehicle - plane, its pilot or Navigator.Simulator 1 controls the movement of an aircraft includes simulator 2 wheel simulator, 3 pedals control the rudder and the simulator 4 lever control engine (ORE). Patented simulator simulator contains 5 bodies set modes of operation of the vehicle. Simulator 5 is structurally mounted on the simulators 2 and 4.A specialized input device 6 in the computer 7 patentable simulator is connected with the simulator 1 and the simulator 5.The output device of the computer includes a display 8.In addition, each of the electron-beam indicators provided indicative pressure switches with backlighting by pressing: 30 - 41.These switches on some modes function as switches of the simulated system set mode operation of the vehicle.A display device 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 22, 23 located on the dashboard in front of the pilot.Indicator switches 10, 11, 13, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25 located on the dashboard in front of the Navigator.The information displayed on each of the indicators 22-25, depending on the clicked radio button 30-32.Switches 30-32 alternative. At the same time can be pressed only one of them. Pressing the, 5,8,9): 30 - display flight information (ISI); 31 - information display aircraft equipment (CCA); 32 - indication tactical situation (ITO).Functions of each of the switches 33-41 different and determined by which of the switches 30-32 pressed; however, not all switches 33-41 can be involved.When the button 31 (CCA) can be used the following display modes: 33 - information about the power supply system (PSS); 34 - information about charging of hydropneumatic systems (FMS); 35 - information on the life-support system (WCS); 36 - information about the position of the landing AIDS (PPP); 37 - information about the operation of the engine (Motor); 38 - information about the fuel.In Fig. 5 for example shows information when you hold the buttons 31 and 37.In Fig. 5 presents information about the change of momentum and steady engine rpm in % respectively for the left 42 and right 43 engines and information about the temperature change and the temperature environment of the nozzles respectively, the left 44 and right motors 45.In Fig. 8 presents information when you hold the button 30 (FDI). In this mode buttons 33-41 not involved.In Fig. 8 presents: 46 - vertical walked roll angle; 50 vertical scale of the pitch angle; 51 - spatial position of the aircraft.The current values on the scale indicated by the pointer 52.When the button 32 (ITO) can be used the following display modes: 33 - information about the flight route ("March"); 34 - information about meteorstrike ("weather"); 35 - information about the characteristics (form) route points and landmarks ("form"); 36 - zoom ("M>"); 37 - zoom image ("M<"); 38 - information about the current flight parameters ("I").In Fig. 9 presents an example of the image of the indicator when you hold the buttons 32 and 33.In Fig. 9 shows the aerodromes of take-off A1 and landing A2, the location of the beacons RM and RM, dash intermediate route PPM, PPM, PMM.When teaching the vehicle, the learner carries out the impact on simulators 2, 3, 4 and 5. Simulator 5 bodies set modes of operation of the vehicle enables the operating modes of the systems and automatic control bodies 53, special treatment systems - 54, system release wheels chassis - 55 Brakes and an auxiliary mode of the simulator call panorama dashboard - 56. Simultaneously the means specified indication devices and switches. The totality of these display devices and switches when implementing a patentable method is reproduced on the display screen 8 (Fig. 2,6).The size and shape of the display screen 8 is significantly different from the size and shape of a real dashboard with the specified display devices and switches. Development as sustainable reflexes and control is more efficient the closer the perception of trainees images on the display screen indicative of the devices and switches with which it works every time, to the respective display devices and switches on the dashboard of the plane.In patent simulator input device of the computer is equipped with a block 57 of the switching and limit the number of image display devices or switches, reproduced in an enlarged scale on the display screen 8. Unit 57 includes a transparent touch switch panel 58, mounted directly in front of the screen of the display 8, and the block 59 commit addresses the impact.When implementing a patentable way after playing on the display screen 8 a complete set of image display devices and pasta limit the number of reproduced images of one or a group of functionally interconnected display devices, or switches with a simultaneous increase of the size of their image, as shown for example in Fig. 3 through 10, and after limiting the number of reproduced images change simulated operation of the vehicle or set of controlled parameters is performed by the impact of a finger of a student over a portion of the display screen 8 with them visible image of a corresponding switch of the simulated information systems and specify the operation mode of the vehicle.Playback on the display screen 8 in the scale, near real-one or group indicator devices, which carry information about the monitored parameters, provides focus the learner on these parameters, despite the fact that the image of each display device is perceived by them as a real indication device. The impact on the image of the switch, the size of which is close to the size of the real switch, trainees perceived as affecting the actual switch on the dashboard of the aircraft. It cultivates sustainable reflex control.In the described specific example of spetsializirova code code angle-code and input registers, the number and range of which is determined by signals from blocks 2-5, and depends on the type of aircraft. In turn, a specialized input device 6 is connected via a standard interface input to the computer. In block 6 of the input motion signals to mechanical impact is converted into the corresponding digital codes. Mechanical buttons simulator 5 is converted in block 6 into a corresponding digital code.In the computer 7 solved the equations of motion of the airplane model control system and propulsion coefficients which take into account the specifics of a particular plane.Thus forming signals corresponding simulated position and motion parameters of the vehicle. In this particular example, perform these signals correspond to the angles of roll, pitch, rate, speed and altitude and parameters derived from them.Changing the mode of operation is often associated with changes in the simulated response of the aircraft to the position change of models 2, 3, 4 by, for example, release or landing gear retraction, discharge of cargo, icing. On the specified information in the computer 7 CATI computer contains information about the image display device and switches the simulated information systems and set modes of operation of the vehicle under various motion parameters and operating conditions.In the computer 7 are formed also signals corresponding to the information display device and the position of the switches. Information indicative of the device can be represented in the form, for example: image pointer angular position of the aircraft; the position and shape of the indexes of the current flight parameters (altitude, speed, heading and so on); the current values of flight parameters; the position command and the Director of the labels of the control system; tables and numeric values information about the flight; job orientation and line of route.In the computer generated signals, and then converted into the corresponding image displayed on the display screen 8.Limit the number of images reproduced on the display screen, is implemented by block 57. When using touch-patch panel 58 of the block 57 in a patent-pending method to limit the number of image display devices or switches, reproduced on the display screen, put your finger trainee over a portion of the display screen with a visible image, for example, electron-beam indicator 22, selected from the full set of images shown in Fig. 6.This action Hobujaama the attention of the learner to the desired display device or switch, image which is reproduced on an enlarged scale.The shaded signal beams 58, formed in the panel 58, as a result of exposure of a finger of a student on the display screen 8, is fed to the input of block 59 fixation address impacts. Next, the computer selects the signal displayed image. Of the signals corresponding to the entire set of image display devices and switches simulated information system and set modes of operation for a particular mode of learning in the computer selects the address of which is determined by the block 59. Depending on what display devices and switches marked trainees, to the input of the display 8 are only those signals which correspond to the display device and the indicator specified by the trainee.While limiting the number of images reproduced on the display screen in an enlarged scale, the patented method provides the possibility that the image display devices and switches reproduce simultaneously in a group of functionally interrelated elements of the simulated information systems and job operation mode of transport is due to the switch to run and play like the real.In this particular example, the execution of the patented method and simulator considers the training of the pilot to control the aircraft during takeoff and the aircraft at a given point of the route when working on the left workplace in the cockpit with two crew members.The task the learner starts from the simulated position of the aircraft at the original position; the landing gear, brakes included.On the display screen 8 presents the image of set a display device and the position of the switches of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle corresponding to Fig. 2. The learner displays on cathode ray indicators necessary for takeoff information. He limits the number of image display devices with a single indicator, affecting your finger over a portion of the display screen is visible to them the image of the indicator (Fig. 2). The screen display is reproduced in an enlarged scale the image display device and switches on its periphery at the same time in a group of interrelated elements of the simulated information of the vehicle.Tapping the button image 30 on acanthobrama flight information. Invoking the image of a panorama dashboard, acting on the button 56 unit 5, the learner gets the opportunity of introducing the necessary information for flight information display field 23. Why, affecting the image of the indicator 23, he calls it a larger image and a sequential finger-touch buttons 31 and 37 in the information field of the indicator highlights the image of Fig. 5 - information about the work of engines. Clicking the button 56 "Panorama" simulator 5, the learner on the screen highlighted in the instrument panel and proceeds to operation start the aircraft's engines.Affecting your finger on part of the screen (Fig. 2) with the image of the remote start of the engine 29, the learner limits the number of reproduced images, causing on-screen appearance of the panel 29 in a larger scale (Fig. 3) with image buttons run: 60, 61 - the start of the left and right engines, 62, 63 - table left and right engines.The patented method provides the ability to pre-playback image corresponding switch when that image in an enlarged scale of the corresponding display device to reproduce when exposed to the finger of the learner participants who begins buttons start 60, 61 of the left and right engines presented on the screen of the remote learner carries out the change in simulated mode, giving the command to start engines. At the same time on the display screen instead of the image panel 29 shows the indicator 23 information operating parameters of the engine (Fig. 5), in particular with information about the change, turns 42, 43 and the gas temperature cutoff nozzles 44, 45 respectively for the left and right engines. Changing the position of the levers engine control simulator 4 (Fig. 1), the learner sets the engine rpm corresponding to the beginning of the start of the aircraft.Acting on the button 55 "Brakes" simulator 5 (Fig. 1), the learner submits a command to the disinhibition of the landing gear wheels and the plane begins to accelerate, gaining speed.Acting on the button 55 "Panorama" simulator 5, the learner calls on the display screen an image of the dashboard (Fig. 2) with the location of flight instruments and controls increase the rate of acceleration in the device 9. Upon reaching the speed of separation of the aircraft, using the information of navigation devices 15, 16, 19 and indicators 22, 23, rejecting the handle control-plane simulator 2 at himself, he carries them reaching a height of the landing gear according to the information device 12 it affects the area of the screen with the image of a lever landing gear retraction 27, calling a limited number of reproduced images is a picture of the lever 27 with the scoreboard alarm 28 in an enlarged scale (Fig. 7a). Affecting your finger on the picture of the lever 27 moves to the position "landing gear", which informs it the extinction of the Board 28 (Fig. 7b). On the screen of the display shows the image of the dashboard (Fig. 6), the display 64 (Fig. 4) in the group of detectors work onboard systems 26 goes out.To ensure simulate flight in a given area with the given parameters, the learner affects your finger on the area of the dashboard with the image of the cathode ray indicator 22, thereby causing the image display device and switches simultaneously in a group of interrelated elements of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle. Receiving an image of the indicator 22 in an enlarged scale (Fig. 8) the learner affects your finger consistently button 32 (ITO) and 33 (March) and instead of flight information on the screen is presented to the flight path with a characteristic intermediate route points (MRP), the location of the beacons PM1PM2regarding the airfield takeoff AND1and landing AND2sledovatelno affects your finger on the chosen route point on the image of the indicator and the button 35 ("format" - the switch changes the mode of the controlled parameter. Instead of an image of the route on the screen of the indicator 22 is presented information page with characteristics of the selected intermediate point of the route (Fig. 10), which indicates the number of the selected MRP and RM, range and azimuth AND3to selected PPM and PM, as well as the rate of passage of the MRP and the frequency channel number (N4K) running the RM. Interpreting presented information, the learner button 56 simulator 5 causes the screen dashboard with a full set of information indicative of the device and acting on simulators 2, 3, 4 controls aircraft on information about the current flight parameters group flight instruments 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19 simulates flight at a given point of the route.Similarly is the work of a student on the other flight modes.In the patented machine in block 57 limit the number of image display devices or switches, reproduced in an enlarged scale on the display screen 8, the transparent touch switch panel 58 is made orthogonal located along the periphery pairs of diodes 65 and photodiodes 66. Blazei, operational storage device 70, the comparison circuit 71, the register fixation 72. In this particular example, the execution unit 59 also includes a block 73 power supply and the amplifier 75. The switches 67 and 68 are connected with the corresponding diodes. Operational storage device 70 has the "signal" input, "code addresses" and input "statement". Register fixation 72 has an input "account" and enter "code addresses". The block 69 is connected to the inputs of the switches 67 and 68, the input code address operational storage device 70 and the input of the "code" address of register fixation 72. In operational storage device 70 "signal" input is connected through an amplifier 75 with the output switch 68, and the output from one input circuit 71 comparison. In the comparison circuit 71, a second input connected with the output switch 68 via the amplifier 75, and the output - input "statement" operational storage device 70 and the sign "recording" of register fixation 72. The block 73 is connected to the input of the switch 68.Optoelectronic pairs of LEDs 65 and photodiodes 66, in pairs located on the periphery of the display screen 8, form an invisible grid of mutually perpendicular light beams (wavelength of LEDs lies outside the visible spectrum).Each optoelec 8.The switch 67 sequentially illuminates one led 65, and the switch 68 connects the corresponding photodiode 66 this optoelectronic pairs to the amplifier-Converter photocurrent 75.The time of shading beam optoelectronic pairs finger of a student is determined by the fixing unit addresses the impact of 59 as follows.When crossing the beam optoelectronic pair electrical signal from the output of amplifier 75 is supplied to the first input of the operational storage device 70, to the second input of which ("address code") signal synchronization unit 69. The output signal of block 70 is compared with the input signal of the comparison circuit 71 and the discrepancy between these signals is formed an electrical signal record coming into the RAM 70 to the input of "write-read" and the sign "recording" of register fixation 72, the other input of which receives the signal address zasvechivaet beam synchronization unit 69. At the output of register fixation 72 code is issued shaded beam.The electric circuit unit fixing the place of action 59 responds only to changes in the state of shaded rays, giving consistently polling codes shaded rays, i.e., generates the address of the place of action, postopia about the assignments of the nodes of intersection of the base mesh for different flight modes
The interrupt of two mutually perpendicular light rays by the finger of the operator is identified in the computer 7 with portions of the image, located at the nodal points of the basic grid for the appropriate mode, and the entire population is selected, the information displayed in this site. 1. The way of learning the operation of the vehicle, including the impact of the learner simulators controls movement and set modes of operation of the vehicle, the control trainees simulated provisions of the vehicle according to information from imitators display device and the position of the switches of the simulated information system and set modes of operation of a vehicle, the combination of which is reproduced on the display screen, characterized in that after playing on the screen display full set of image display devices and switches simulated information system and set the operating modes of the isolated image of one or a group of interconnected display devices or switches by touching the appropriate area of the display screen located directly on and touching a zoomed image of the switches perform a simulated change of the control mode of the vehicle, moreover, an enlarged image of the corresponding display device is played either simultaneously with the switch, or after touching the toggle image.2. A simulator for training the vehicle containing replicas of organs traffic management and systems set modes of operation of the vehicle and a display installed in the workplace the learner, the computer device storing image display devices and switches simulated information system and set modes of operation of the vehicle in its various positions, the motion parameters and operating conditions, the input device, the first input connected to the output of the simulator controls, the second input - output system set modes of operation, and the output from a computer, characterized in that what immediately before the display screen is transparent touch-patch panel having a rectangular shape, and along its perimeter on two adjacent sides is n sequentially placed photodiodes, on the other two sides opposite them are consistently razmeshannye switch photodiodes, signal input connected to the output of the group of photodiodes, power, random access memory, a comparison circuit, a second input which is connected to the output of the amplifier, and the output from the second input of the operational storage device, register fixation, the output of which is connected to the third input of the input devices, connected in series to the power supply and the switch LEDs, the output of which is connected to the input of the led group, the synchronization unit, the output of which is connected to control inputs of switches, photo - diodes, register fixation and random access memory.
FIELD: measuring engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.
10 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.
EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.
SUBSTANCE: simulator has a system of onboard equipment, a simulator configurator and an instructor unit, data base unit, vehicle system simulation unit, vehicle behaviour simulation unit, training task controller and vision aids, all interconnected through a router. The simulator also has a manual control unit, an environment dynamic simulation unit, a tactical situation simulation unit and a module for adjusting visual models. The vision aids are made in form of a set of visual model units depending on the number of students, each consisting of a certain set of models for visual presentation of a fixed field of view and modules for producing visual presentation of the fixed field of view.
EFFECT: possibility of creating a visual environment for each student, equivalent to the real environment and created taking into account a specific task and position of the student on the simulator which is an imitation of the student's real position on a ship.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to area of training and entertainment. Game manipulators with elements of vehicle control, including steering wheel and pedals, are connected to personal computer. System of compressed air supply control for development of counter-current flow of air is connected to analogue-digital converter and comprises compressor or fan. Analogue-digital converter controls change of compressor or fan drive electric motor rotation frequency, and compressor or fan may inject air along a system of pipelines into reverses and change speed of movement of air, outgoing from electromagnet valves. Reverses are arranged at the front and at the sides relative to driver. Change of air motion speed is carried out depending on change of vehicle motion speed, which is done by acting at control elements. Analogue-digital converter also controls opening and closing of receiver electromagnet valves as vehicle motion direction changes depending on position of steering wheel.
EFFECT: invention provides for a fuller transfusion of actual vehicle driver feelings to a person, when imitating motion of this vehicle.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: according to the method, a coating with a circular shape formed on at least one test area is periodically rolled by wheels. The area comprises the following units - a stand with at least one pair of radially directed structures, kinematically linked with a propulsion device, which functionally form a dynamic system, a stand control centre lying in the central part of the area of a base platform on which there is drive installation, commutatively linked to the control centre and kinematically linked to the propulsion device of the working structures. The propulsion device is structurally and technically adapted to ensure rotational motion of said structures. Each structure of the stand includes a dynamic unit fitted with a cowling and a wheel, placed with possibility of dynamic action on the coating during its rolling, and a basic unit adapted to kinematically communicate with the dynamic unit and the propulsion device. The dynamic unit used is the front suspension of a vehicle. The kinematic connection of each basic unit of working structures of the stand with the dynamic unit is provided through an additional removable unit, and with the propulsion device - through hinges. The basic and additional units of the working structures are fitted with cowlings. The stand is fitted with apparatus for smooth braking and acceleration. The weight of all of the said links of each working structure, including cowlings, is selected based on the condition of ensuring the value of the dynamic load on the side of the wheel of the dynamic unit on the road surface which is similar to the load value provided by the wheel of the vehicle in real conditions. Structural modifications and versions are disclosed.
EFFECT: high accuracy of investigation results and high efficiency.
28 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: gaming armchair contains a framework connected to a seat, a panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type, and a backbone for a game pad of a steering wheel type. Gaming armchair is made collapsible. The framework consists of two frames pivotally mounted on the front of the seat so that, when chair is folded, the seat is located between the frames, which are the backbone of the armchair, and when chair is unfolded, the frames are located in front of the seat and form the backbone of the front of the seat. On the back of the seat a height adjustable support leg is fixed. The backbone for the game pad of a steering wheel type is hinged on one pair of angular frame sections located opposite each other, and the panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type is placed on the other pair. The pairs of angular sections of frames in the unfolded position of the armchair are located on the side of the frame more remote from the seat.
EFFECT: ability of quick and easy transfer of seat from the working position to the storage position.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Motion assembly that produces pitch and roll motions includes lower and upper plates. Pivotable coupling having upper and lower shafts extending from its centre is coupled between upper and lower plates. At least two linear actuators are coupled between plates. Extension and retraction of actuators pivots upper plate about pivotable coupling relative to lower plate. Vehicle includes two steerable propulsion wheels coupled to a chassis. Lower plate of a pitch and roll assembly, similar to that just described, couples to chassis via a slew bearing. Seating is coupled to upper plate. Seating rotates with respect to chassis via controlled rotation of slew bearing with reference to chassis. Seating can be rotated to point in any direction with respect to chassis regardless of direction steerable propulsion wheels move chassis.
EFFECT: higher reliability and improved functional capabilities of vehicle.
22 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of machine control training. Machine control reference created training record motions by means of systems of reference recording movements moved controls machine together with body part of student, who participates in control, providing repetition of movements, trainee is informed about errors in control in certain manner or prompted further action, editing reference recording to eliminate inaccuracies, recorded actions of trainee to control system for further analysis.
EFFECT: exclusion of training operator from training process.
SUBSTANCE: simulator for technical training of railway transport workers comprises instructor workplace equipment and trainees' workplace equipment. Instructor workplace equipment is made in the form of a single frame module with three liquid crystal displays installed in it, an acoustic warning system and control elements for inputting corresponding control commands and a program control module. The program control module contains an information processing unit, a program module of the instructor and a program module for controlling the workplaces of the trainees. The program control module is made with the possibility of two-way communication with the server of the train simulator to control a simulated scenario, as well as with the possibility of two-way communication and control of the workplaces of the trainees which contain program modules. Each workplace is assigned a unique identification number which is transmitted to the program module by the program module of each active workplace during activation of training scenarios to control the workplaces of the trainees to identify pluggable workplaces of the trainees and the correct separation of data flow between them. Data transmission and communication between the program modules of the workplaces of the trainees is carried out by the program module of the instructor's workplace and the server of the train simulator using the UDP protocol.
EFFECT: expanded functionality of the simulator.
6 cl, 2 dwg