System power supply gaseous fuel to the power plant and a device for the storage and supply of solid fuel this system
(57) Abstract:Group of inventions relates to systems supply gaseous fuel to a power plant in which a gaseous fuel derived from solid. The system is designed primarily for vehicles. System power supply gaseous fuel to the power plant has a reservoir filled with solid hydrocarbon fuels coupled through dispenser with pyrolytic reactor connected at the output with the consumer gaseous fuel. Capacity made in the form of cassettes, and solid hydrocarbon fuel is made in the form of a tape. The tape may be made of polyethylene or polypropylene, as well as from utverzhdenii mixture of polyethylene and polymeric hydrocarbons. The technical result achieved by the invention is the simplification of the system power supply with modular standardization of equipment refueling and storage of hydrocarbon fuels with simultaneous compact placement of the fuel tanks on Board the vehicle. Additional technical result - providing start the power plant. Disclosed a device for the storage and supply of solid fuel in the system. 2 c. and 13 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The group of inventions is the relative the plant with in-cell mixing, for example, such as a gas turbine; an internal combustion engine with direct intake gas fuel into the cylinder (with the induced ignition); engines with external heat supply (for example, operating on the Stirling cycle) with mixing by means of the air-fuel nozzles in the heating chamber and others. In the particular case, the group of inventions relates to a device for storage of solid hydrocarbon fuel used in such systems. The most effective group of inventions can be applied to power plants, placed on vehicles, such as cars, light aircraft, boats, etc.Known systems supply gaseous fuel power plant comprising a tank filled with hydrocarbon fuel. In this system the tank filled hydrocarbon fuel, combined into one unit with a reactor that has a connection line formed in the reactor the gaseous fuel with the consumer - internal combustion engine (see RF patent N 2059845 in class. F 02 B 43/10 1994). This gaseous fuel is additional to the liquid fuel stored in a separate tank.In this system, technical re Romadka and complex, therefore its placement on the vehicle is very inefficient.Known systems supply gaseous fuel power plant comprising a tank filled solid hydrocarbon fuel, is connected through a screw feeder with pyrolytic reactor connected at the output to the consumer of the gas turbine (see European patent N 0591703 in class. F 02 C 3/28 for 1993).In this system, a solid hydrocarbon fuel is a polymer waste type crushed plastic containers, discarded plastic bags and bottles, etc. that assumes their chemical composition of impurities (for example, in the articles of low - pressure polyethylene heavy metals). All this involves the use of special filter elements to clean the gaseous fuel at the entrance to the power plant (gas turbine). Thus, the geometry of waste polymer waste excludes the implementation of the compact container (hopper) and makes it impossible to standardize the storage system polymer fuel that significantly interferes with the implementation of such system power solid hydrocarbon fuel in vehicles.Su is 2">The objective of the invention is to provide a simple and reliable system for feeding gaseous fuel derived from solid) propulsion vehicles.The technical result achieved by the invention is the simplification of the system power supply with modular standardization of equipment refueling and storage of hydrocarbon fuel, while the compact placement of the fuel tanks on Board the vehicle.Additional technical result - providing start the power plant.This technical result is achieved by the fact that the system power gas fuel power plant comprising a tank filled solid hydrocarbon fuel, is connected through a metering device with a reactor connected at the output with the consumer gaseous fuel capacity made in the form of cassettes, and solid hydrocarbon fuel is made in the form of a tape.This technical result in a greater degree, is achieved by the fact that the tape is made from either polyethylene or polypropylene, or from utverzhdenii mixture of polyethylene and polimernyh hydrocarbons, pyrolytic reactor made in the form of insulated shell-and-tube of Apparated solid fuel in the liquid phase and the associated output from the quenching chamber, which, in turn, is connected with the pressure line leading to the consumer gaseous hydrocarbon fuel, this annular space is connected to a line of exhaust gases of the power plant; the reaction zone filled with a heterogeneous catalyst; on the cover pyrolytic reactor has a gas burner connected to the output of the quenching chamber.Additional technical result is achieved by the fact that the camera transition of solid fuel in a gas-liquid phase is equipped with a slot for feeding the tape with the sealing device in the form of a liquid shutter, while the slot is located below the level of the liquid phase.The known device for the storage and supply of solid fuel containing a bunker filled with raw materials and energy is supplied by a dispenser, built-in tank (see and.with. N 1751373, CL F 02 B 43/08, 1992).The nature of the fuel in this device is not compromised, one can only assume that it contains hydrocarbon components. In this device the technical result of the invention could not be implemented as operational reliability of the use of the unknown solid fuel doubtful, and modular standardization bunker system and solid hydrocarbon fuel, containing the fuel container in the form of a hopper equipped with a screw feeder (see European patent N 0591703, CL F 02 C 3/28, 1993).In this device, the technical result of the invention, cannot be achieved because of the modular standardization hopper in combination with lumpy polymer fuel is technically feasible for the vehicle.The problem posed by the invention is to create a simple and reliable tape storage device and supply the solid hydrocarbon fuel and ensuring its compact accommodation on Board the vehicle.The technical result achieved by the invention is simplified, improving the reliability and modular standardization during storage of solid fuel on Board the vehicle.Additional technical result achieved by the invention is the prevention of the placement of the tape.This technical result is achieved in that the device for the storage and supply of solid fuel containing tank filled carbon fuel and provided with a dispenser, a container made in the form of cassettes and reel that is installed with the possibility of the rotation is, In some cases, this technical result is achieved by the housing of the cassette is made in the form of a cylinder, the side surface of which has a rectangular wall associated with the surface of the cylinder and joined to one another; a cassette housing has the shape of a parallelepiped; the dispenser is placed in the housing of the cassette in the zone of junction of its rectangular walls and made in the form of master and slave rollers, while the perforated tape is made with a given step of perforation, leading roller has projections and the slave - matched with the last depression, and a gear connection is made in increments of step perforation; leading roller is installed with the possibility of the end coupling with the floating pin set, in turn, rotatably at a given frequency.Additional technical result is achieved in that the rollers of the dispenser is made cool.In Fig. 1 schematically shows the described system power supply gaseous fuel to the power plant, in the particular case of gas turbines.In Fig. 2 schematically shows the device described for the storage and supply of fuel, a view in plan, in a variant, when 3/4 of the body is cylindrical, and one quarter are in the form of a corner section of the box.The power supply system of the power plant gaseous fuels obtained in the pyrolysis of solid hydrocarbons (polymer) fuel, contains the cartridge 1 with the polymer tape 2 inside, mostly plastic. Tape can also be made of polypropylene and other known polymeric materials, transportiruyushchie in the process of pyrolysis of low molecular weight gaseous hydrocarbons (ethylene, propylene, methane, propane, and some such). The cartridge 1 through the spout 3 are connected to the tape 2 with pyrolytic reactor 4. Reactor 4 is made in the form of insulated by a lining 5 shell-and-tube apparatus with at least one pipe 6 represents a reaction zone that is connected at the inlet to the evaporator chamber 7 transition solid polymer fuel 2 in the form of a tape in the vapor phase. Outlet pipe 6 (number of tubes 6 is determined necessary getproposal ability reactor 4) connected to the quenching chamber 8 which is connected through a filter 9 to the discharge line 10 leading to the consumer (for example, to the heating chamber 11 of the gas turbine 12). Mitrophanov another type).Pipe 6 (reactor area) can be filled with a heterogeneous catalyst (when catalytic pyrolysis), such as mordenite, modified Nickel (20%) amorphous aluminosilicate 15.Evaporation chamber 7 is equipped with a heater 16 (e.g., Ten), electrically connected to the battery 17. While on the casing 18 of the reactor 4 is equipped with a gas burner 19, the United gas line 20 with the release of the quenching chamber 8. In the lining 5, insulating the evaporator chamber 7, the slot 21 for tape 2, provided with a seal in the form of a liquid shutter 22, and the viscous sealing liquid is actually polymer melt 23. The quenching chamber 8 is a double chamber unit, single cavity (for example, in the form of tubes 24) are the products of pyrolysis of the pipe 6, while the other (annulus 25) circulates the cooling water flowing through the line 26 to the heat sink 27. On the discharge line 10 is provided gas fuel compressor 28, the fuel injection throttle 29 and the receiver 30 to the limited amount for a short period of accumulation of gas fuel (pyrogas).As the heat sink 27 may be used radiator m and direct intake gas fuel into the cylinders or, for example, when connected to the system being described gas fuel power Stirling engine).Solid fuel (polymer tape 2) by means of a metering device 3 through the slot 21 is supplied into the evaporation chamber 7 of the reactor 4, and the slot 21 is sealed with a liquid shutter 22 in the form of a viscous polymer melt 23, enveloping the tape 2 on the inner junction of the slots 21. After evaporation of the (partial decomposition of polymer molecules, 2) the resulting hydrocarbon steam gas enters the reaction zone 15 of the pipe 6, the temperature of which length is maintained relatively constant. In the case of thermal pyrolysis she should not be below 800oC. During catalytic pyrolysis, due to the presence in the reaction zone 15 fine heterogeneous catalyst process will take place in a softer mode (T 650oC). The process from 0.05 to 0.3 sec depending on the geometry of the reaction zone 15. (During catalytic pyrolysis highly desirable additive in the area 15 of the water vapor is thinner in proportion to the sin 1/1 in order to inhibit the process of coking reaction zone 15. In this case, the resource of the catalyst to the required procedures for the removal of coke will be from 1.5 to 3 thousand hours). In the reaction zone 15 when Yasuko molecules of the hydrocarbon polymer and the formation of gaseous products (ethylene, propylene, methane and others). Then the sin leaves the reaction zone 15 of the pipe 6 and flows into the quenching chamber 8, where in a tubular heat exchanger 24, the cooled water from the radiator 27 through line 26 into the space 25 within the time interval of not more than 0,03 with its temperature drops to 350oC that makes the process of formation of low molecular weight gaseous hydrocarbons irreversible. In the pyrolysis process takes the amount of heat that does not exceed 10-12% of the calories of hydrocarbon fuel. However, the exhaust gases of various power units, in particular a gas turbine 12, the incoming line 14 in the annular space 13 of the reactor 4, have not sufficiently high temperature, so as to ensure a steady flow of the pyrolysis process, it is necessary to make an additional heating pipes 6 by burning part of the pyrogas incoming gas line 20 to the gas burners 19 arranged on the casing 18 of the reactor 4. Obviously, while 5-7% increases fuel consumption, power device (gas turbine 12). (Eventually these fuel losses associated with efficiency gas burners 19 and the insulation 5 of the reactor 4). Chilled sin postopia IMY from the power device, where through the gas fuel regulator 29 of the power device under excessive pressure enters the heating chamber 11 of the gas turbine 12. In order to ensure the necessary abrupt increase in capacity (for example, when overtaking, taking a vehicle) into the combustion chamber of the power plant receives an additional portion of the gas fuel from the receiver 30. Run the power plant is carried out by pre-heating the evaporation chamber 7, to a temperature which provides the initial formation of the products of the combined-cycle decomposition of the liquid phase 23. Starting heating provide heating Elements 16, the power which is supplied from the battery 17. Products combined-cycle decomposition is coming through the pipes 16 and line 20 to the gas burners 19, which thus provide the starting heating of the pyrolysis reactor 4 and the subsequent starting of the power plant. It is also possible that the use of the starting portion of gas from the receiver 30.Device for the storage and supply of solid hydrocarbon fuel contains the cartridge 1 with a hollow axle 31 and the coil 32 mounted for rotation relative to the cartridge 1. In the cassette 1 is placed tape 2, vypy 1 has the shape of an open cylinder, the cylindrical portion 34 is mated with two converging rectangular angled walls 35 and 36. Alternatively, when the cassette housing 1 is made in the form of a parallelepiped 37. The dispenser 3 are accommodated in the housing of the cassette 1 in the zone of junction of the angular walls 35 and 36 and is a lead 38 and driven rollers 39, kinematically interconnected gear. In the particular case, the latter is combined with the tape elements and made in the form of protrusions 40 on leads 38 and depressions 41 on the slave platen 39, and the step mentioned gear 40, 41 coincides with the pitch of the perforations 42 of polymeric tape 2. Leading roller 38 is positioned relative to the hollow axis 31 of the cassette 1 at the intersection of the coordinates, the length of which are standard and the hole 43 in the axis 31 of the cassette 1, respectively, serves as a mounting base. The cassette 1 has two side covers 44 and 45, which are attached to the chassis 34, 35, 36 any fastening devices. Leading roller 38 provided with end hooks 46, which can have different shapes, fitting with mechanical grippers 47 floating axis 48 that is mounted in the slot 49 of the vehicle body 50 to rotate. With this drive-axles 48 may be, for example, stepper elektrodnogo fuel). In addition, in order to prevent softening of the polymeric tapes in the area of the dispenser rollers 38 and 39 may be equipped with a cooling system, in particular vnutrimatocny. Rolls will be made hollow.The cassette 1 is mounted under the hood of the vehicle 50 (e.g., car). While its base hole 43 is mated base pin 51, rigidly mounted in the vehicle body 50, and the leading roller 38 of the spout 3 of the cassette 1 is joined end grippers 46 with end grips 47 floating axis 48, which provides the necessary for clutch Ref. Fixing the cassette 1 on the pin 51 may be implemented by any known quick-release fastening means. To start the engine driven axle 48 performs the initial twisting rollers 38 and 39 of the dispenser 3, resulting polymeric tape 2 is pulled out from the cassette 1 and passes through the slot 21 in the lining 5 of the reactor 4 and into the evaporation chamber 7, while the remainder of the polymer material in the chamber 7 must be pre-melted by the heating Elements 16. 1. The power supply system gaseous fuel power plant comprising a tank filled solid hydrocarbon fuels coupled through dem, that capacity made in the form of cassettes, and solid hydrocarbon fuel - in the form of a tape.2. The system under item 1, characterized in that the tape is made of polyethylene.3. The system under item 1, characterized in that the tape is made of polypropylene.4. The system under item 1, characterized in that the tape is made of utverzhdenii mixture of polyethylene and polimernyh hydrocarbons.5. System PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the pyrolytic reactor made in the form of insulated shell-and-tube apparatus with at least one pipe, which represents the reaction zone, which is connected at the input evaporative camera transition in gas-liquid phase and the associated output from the quenching chamber, which is connected with the pressure line leading to the consumer gaseous hydrocarbon fuel, this annular space is connected to a line of exhaust gases of the power plant.6. The system under item 5, characterized in that the reaction zone filled with a heterogeneous catalyst.7. System PP.1 to 5, characterized in that the casing pyrolytic reactor placed burner connected to the output of the quenching chamber.8. System PP. 5 and ulatory battery.9. System PP.6 to 8, characterized in that the evaporation chamber has a slot for feeding tape, seal, made in the form of a liquid gate, and connected with the liquid zone of the mentioned cameras.10. Device for the storage and supply of solid fuel containing tank filled hydrocarbon fuel and is equipped with a dispenser, characterized in that capacity made in the form of cassettes and reel mounted for rotation relative to the cartridge, and solid hydrocarbon fuel - in the form of a tape wound on a reel.11. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that the housing of the cassette is made in the form of a cylinder, the side surface of which has a rectangular wall associated with the surface of the cylinder and joined to one another.12. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that the housing of the cassette has the shape of a parallelepiped.13. The device according to PP.10 and 11, characterized in that the dispenser is placed in the housing of the cassette in the zone of junction of its rectangular walls and made in the form of master and slave rollers, while the perforated tape is made with a given step of perforation, leading roller has projections and the slave - basin, forming the protrusions is I, the leading roller is installed with the possibility of the end coupling with the floating pin mounted for rotation with a given frequency.15. The device according to p. 13, characterized in that the rollers of the dispenser is made to be cooled.
FIELD: engine engineering.
SUBSTANCE: feed system comprises internal combustion engine, first reaction chamber, outlet gas duct, and electric generator. At least one additional reaction chamber is mounted in series with the first reaction chamber. The outlet gas duct of each upstream reaction chamber, excluding the last one, is connected with the internal space of the downstream chamber through the three-way valve. The outlet gas duct of the last reaction chamber is also connected with the inner space of the first reaction chamber through the three-way valve. The chambers receive the gas discharging branch pipe and heater provided with catalyzer which is submerged into the layer of activated coal and is in communication with the internal space of the reaction chamber. The second outlets of the three-way valves are combined and connected with the inlet of the internal combustion engine through the first valve. The line composed of the second valve, compressor with the receiver, and third valve connected in series is mounted parallel to the first valve. The electric generator is mounted at the outlet of the internal combustion engine and is connected with heating members of the gas discharging branch pipes of the reaction chambers through the switches.
EFFECT: improved design.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to power engineering, particularly to systems of combined engines running on solid fuel and incorporating device designed to generate gaseous fuel from solid carbon that contains, in particular peat, dam wood or wastes thereof. Proposed device comprises internal combustion engine with feed and discharge lines, gasificator with branch pipe and pipeline to discharge waste gases, evaporator, generator gas cleaning-cooling device mounted on generator gas pipeline and communicated, via cleaned and cooled gas line, with accumulating tank. The latter communicates with ICE feed pipeline. Proposed device comprises also gas blower, fan and gas mixer. Gasificator represents a vertical downdraught gasification apparatus and incorporates chamber designed for preliminary drying of fuel fed for gasification and arranged at upper part of gasificator. Lower part of the latter has hole to discharge solid residues, branch pipe and pipeline to discharge generator gas and branch pipes to feed warmed up air. Gas blower is mounted on pipeline discharging generator gas and arranged ahead of cleaning-cooling device. Fan communicates with the latter and branch pipe to feed warmed-up air to gasificator. Cleaned and cooled generator gas pipeline incorporates branch communicated with evaporator. The latter represents steam generator with steam branch pipe communicated with gas generator steam feed branch pipe gas generator combustion product discharge branch pipe, in its turn communicated with gas mixer. The latter communicates with ICE exhaust gas discharge pipeline and that feeding gaseous heat carrier to chamber of preliminary fuel drying. Proposed method is implemented at above described device.
EFFECT: continuous operation, expanded performances, higher efficiency.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and can be used in internal combustion engines running on solid fuel. Proposed method comprises feeding gaseous fuel into filter and, then into engine cylinder combustion chamber. In compliance with this invention, briquetted solid fuel is fed into exhaust manifold passage incorporating pyro chamber wherein solid fuel is subjected to contactless sublimation with exhaust gases with no access of air. Then gaseous fuel is filtered to be fed into cylinder combustion chamber.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: power plant for supply of electrical and thermal energy includes internal combustion engine, electric generator driven with motor, thermochemical reactor for obtaining synthesis gas from biofuel, which is heated with engine waste gases, heat exchangers for cooling synthesis gas and waste gases of the engine with water from hot water supply system, and engine synthesis gas feed system. Plant is equipped with heat exchanger transferring the thermal energy from liquid of engine cooling system to water of hot water supply system before it is supplied to synthesis gas cooling heat exchanger, mixer for mixing synthesis gas and waste gases of the engine, catalytic converter of nitrogen oxides in waste gases of engine, gas butterfly valves to control the flow of waste gases through heat exchanger of their being cooled with water of hot water supply system and through bypass pipeline. Electric heater connected to electric generator is located in feed hydraulic line of hot water supply system. Standby hydraulic line with radiator located in it and before which the fan is installed is connected to return hydraulic line.
EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of power plant by more complete utilisation of generated energy and by reducing the toxicity level of waste gases.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for generation of power comprises a gas generator (1) of shaft type with upstream flow and with a fixed layer for biomass, in which fuel gas is produced, driving a gas engine (5). On top raw materials are loaded into the gas generator for gasification, a gasification agent is supplied from the bottom. The gas engine (5) drives a power generator (6). Fuel gas is supplied directly from the gas generator (1) into the gas engine (5) without application of a gas holder, and fuel gas formation in the gas generator (1) is controlled to maintain constant amount of produced power. Produced power is controlled by means of controlling the position of a gas valve installed between the gas generator (1) and gas engine (5). A fan (9) is controlled, installed between the gas generator (1) and the gas valve to maintain permanent pressure in the gas valve. Gasification agent supply is controlled to maintain permanent pressure of fuel gas.
EFFECT: inventions make it possible to supply produced gas in controlled quality directly to a gas engine without use of a gas holder and to maintain permanent or controlled power generation.
11 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering, namely to the devices for generating fuel gas from a solid carbonaceous feedstock. Method for the gasification of fuel for powering internal combustion engine (ICE), wherein the gasification gas supplied from gas generator 2, is purified in filter 3, is cooled in heat exchanger 4 and accumulated by compressor 5 in cylinder 7, comprising filter 8. Gas is fed into engine 1 from tank 7 via differential gear 13 connected to air-gas mixer 15 provided with the throttle. Feed gas generator gas is controlled by control unit 17, whose inputs are connected to outputs of sensor 10, pressure sensor 9 for determining the concentration of carbon monoxide and electric generator 16, which shaft is connected to the ICE. Outputs of control unit 17 connected to motor 5 of compressor 6, solenoid valve 11 connected to gas generator 2 via conduit 12 and control throttle actuator 15. Also proposed is an apparatus for carrying out the described method.
EFFECT: technical result is to optimize the performance of the engine and the associated generator.
5 cl, 1 dwg