Gravitational power installation

 

(57) Abstract:

The unit is designed to generate electricity. The device comprises a body and a work shaft connected to a generator of electricity. The working shaft is mounted in the housing on which the first tank for collecting the working fluid and the circulation device, as well as many auxiliary vessels. The last set being spaced apart in a vertical plane on the specified enclosure for serial receiving the working fluid from the first tank with putting in the movement of the working shaft. Each of the auxiliary tank contains a pipeline to the direction of flow of the working fluid down to the next auxiliary capacitance, and the installation further comprises a device for stabilizing the pulse of the working shaft. Installation design allows you to quickly and economically produce electricity. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

The present invention relates to electric power installation, and more particularly to a gravity power installation.

As a rule, in the international practice for electricity generation are used in such conventional methods, which are based on what koenigii not suitable for use in Taiwan in the absence of Taiwan's rivers, having a rapid course, and due to the lack of electricity, which would meet all the requirements of this method. To create a thermal power plant with a capacity of 500,000 kW requires five years and 20000000000 Taiwanese dollars. Such investment, as a rule, cannot be recouped in twenty years. In addition, the burning of oil or coal will cause environmental pollution, which is being celebrated today. The method is based on the use of nuclear energy can be used to generate significant amounts of electricity, but the waste of nuclear power plants difficult process. In this case there is also the need for large amounts of water to supply reactors to cool the entire supply of reactors and cooling of the entire installation. With regard to safety and cost, the present invention is designed to generate electricity more cost-effective and convenient way.

The purpose of this invention is the provision of installation instead of hydropower plants designed to produce electricity, more quickly and cost-effectively.

Another objective of the present izobretatelnee the purpose of this invention is the provision of installation to generate electricity without polluting the environment.

In accordance with the present invention gravitational power installation comprises a body falling from a higher location under the influence of gravity, a work shaft, rotating around the axis specified by the operating body, and a generator driven by the specified working shaft to generate electricity.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention gravitational power installation further comprises a unit body supporting the said working shaft, the first tank at the specified enclosure installation, designed to capture therein a working fluid, a device for circulating installed with the possibility of circulation on the unit body to circulate along it, and a number of auxiliary tanks installed by being spaced apart in the vertical direction on the building installation for serial receiving the working fluid from the first tank to bring the rotation of the working shaft under the action of gravity contained in the working fluid.

In accordance with an additional aspect of the present izabranog through the rack.

In accordance with the following aspect of the present invention, the first auxiliary capacitance first receives working fluid from the first tank, and other auxiliary capacitance consistently receive working fluid from the first auxiliary capacity to the working shaft is continuously rotated.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention gravitational power installation further comprises a top capacity, intended for supply of the working fluid in the first container, the lower container to trap it working fluid received from the auxiliary tank, and a pump for pumping the working fluid from the lower tank into the upper tank.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the working fluid is a liquid, such as sea water or crude oil, and the pump preferably is a submersible pump.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the top container preferably contains a stabilizing capacity, designed for roll damping fluid contained therein, and inlet capacity, designed for receiving fluid pumped from either the te further comprises a vertical wall for roll damping fluid, the first inlet for the fluid flowing from the inlet capacity in stabilizing capacity, the main outlet is designed to feed from it a set amount of liquid in the first tank, and an adjustable outlet to feed him a regulated amount of liquid in the first container.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the inlet tank preferably contains an auxiliary inlet for the fluid flowing into the inlet tank and the outlet of the overflow for transfusion through it regulated quantities of liquid contained in the tank.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention gravitational power installation further comprises a device for stabilizing pulse, designed to stabilize the moment of inertia of the working shaft.

In accordance with the following aspect of the present invention, the device for stabilizing pulse preferably contains a flywheel with a corresponding braking device mounted between the unit body and a work shaft to stop the rotation of the flywheel before operation start increasing the rotational speed of the working shaft.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the transmission mechanism further comprises a first gear wheel mounted on the unit body and driven in rotation by the device to circulate, the second gear wheel driven in rotation of the first gear wheel with a higher speed than the speed of the first gear, a third gear mounted coaxially with the second gear wheel on the unit body, the fourth gear wheel driven in rotation of the third gear with a higher speed than the speed of the third gear, fifth gear, mounted coaxially with the fourth gear wheel on the unit body, and the sixth toothed wheel fixed coaxially on the working shaft and driven in rotation of the fifth gear with a higher speed than the speed fifth gear.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention is a device for providing circulation contains a number of parallel spaced stepped shafts installed with the possibility of circulation on the unit body, a number of fasteners that respectively connect natim shafts for the respective clevises auxiliary tanks and guiding device attached to the unit body for directions stepped shafts for circulation along the body.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each of the auxiliary tank includes a pipe for guiding the working fluid to flow down to the next auxiliary tank cover, protects from stretching installed around the auxiliary tanks designed to prevent deformation of the auxiliary tanks, and damping of the reflective wall, designed for optimal capture of the working fluid flowing down from the previous auxiliary capacity.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the auxiliary tank has a side inlet and bottom outlet, interconnected through the pipeline.

For a better understanding of the present invention below is his description with reference to the accompanying drawings, where:

Fig. 1 is a schematic isometric depiction showing the upper part of the preferred alternative embodiment of the gravitational electric power installation,mpulse, relevant to the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a detailed drawing of the device to circulate corresponding to the present invention;

Fig. 4 is a schematic isometric depiction showing part of the device to circulate and auxiliary capacitance corresponding to the present invention;

Fig. 5 is a schematic isometric depiction showing upside down the second tank, corresponding to the present invention;

Fig. 6 is a schematic isometric depiction showing the entire device to circulate corresponding to the present invention;

Fig. 7 is a schematic isometric depiction showing the top container and the bottom portion of this preferred variant embodiment corresponding to the present invention.

Now the present invention will be described more specifically with reference to the following variants of the embodiment. It should be noted that the description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention described in this application only for the purpose of illustration and description and not for limitation and not pretaste preferred variant embodiment of the gravitational electric power installation, relevant to the present invention. Gravitational power installation 1 includes a housing 10 installed, the first container 20, the device 40 to circulate, some auxiliary tank 50, the generator 60 and the top container 70. The housing 10, the installation is a frame structure 1. The working fluid stored in the first tank 20 to the start of the installation 1, after which the working fluid flows down into the auxiliary tank 50, which are mounted spaced essentially in the vertical direction on the device 40 to circulate and move vertically due to the pulse received from the working fluid. The device 40 to circulate continuously (continuous) circulates around the body 10 of the installation to move the auxiliary tank 50 and to bring the rotation of the working shaft 601. The generator 60 generates electricity by converting the kinetic energy. Falling working body, which is the source of the next cycle, pumped into the top container 70. Theoretical principles of operation of this unit 1 based on the transformation of potential energy into electrical energy.

In Fig. 2 shows schizoprenia. The device 90 for stabilizing pulse mounted on the housing 10 of the installation is driven by a device 40 for circulation with the purpose of stabilizing moment of inertia of the working shaft 601. This device contains a flywheel 9021 and gear 901 mounted between the working shaft 601 and the device 40 to circulate, to increase the speed of rotation of the working shaft 601. Gear 901 further comprises a torque wheel 9011, United with the device 40 to circulate and device 9012, increasing the speed of rotation, to increase the speed of rotation of the working shaft 601. The device 9012, increasing the speed of rotation, contains the first gear wheel 90121, the second gear wheel 90122, the third gear wheel 90123, fourth gear 904124, fifth gear 90125 and the sixth toothed wheel 90126. The first gear wheel 90121 installed coaxially rotating wheel 9011, and the second gear wheel 90122, which is in mesh with the first toothed wheel 90121, is driven into rotation of the first toothed wheel 90121 with a higher speed than the speed of the first gear 90121. Similarly, the third gear wheel 90123 installed coaxially with the second so, is the rotation of the third gear wheel 90123 with a higher speed than the speed of the third gear 90123. As described above, the fifth gear 90125 is installed coaxially with the fourth gear wheel 90124, and the sixth toothed wheel 90126, which is in mesh with the fifth gear wheel 90125, is driven into rotation of the fifth gear wheel 90125 with a higher speed than the speed fifth gear 90125. Sixth gear 90126 installed coaxially with the flywheel 9021 and generator 60 and is connected with them, and the fifth gear wheel 90125 is installed coaxially with the auxiliary flywheel 9022. The brake device 903 is used to stop the rotation of the flywheel 9021 before you begin to ready the entire setup 1.

In Fig. 3 and 4 show the device to circulate corresponding to the present invention. Part of the device 40 to circulate contains a stepped shaft 401, fastener 402, the movable shaft 403, the connecting part 404, the retaining device 405 in a guiding device 406. The auxiliary tank 50 is connected with stepped shaft 401 by means of fasteners 402 having two bracket 4021 of the same length, which support in, is which is used to transfer momentum fasteners 402. The retaining device 405 that is designed to prevent disengagement of the fasteners 402 and fittings 404, comprises a pair of rings 4052 and 4053, ring 4054 type C and the hole 4055. Ring 4052 and ring 4054 type C can limit the movement of the fasteners 402 and fittings 404 in the field 4051. A guiding device 406, intended for the direction of the stepped shaft 401 for circulation along the body 10 of the installation contains two racks 4061 and 4062 with grooves (for circulation), which serve as pathways rollers 4031 and 4032, United with stepped shaft 401.

In Fig. 4 and 5 shows the design of one of the auxiliary capacitance corresponding to the present invention. The auxiliary tank 50 contains a pipe 501, four mounting plates 502, the pad 503, preventing strain and damping reflective septum 504. The pipe 501, which is used to direct the flow of the working fluid down in the adjacent auxiliary tank 50 under each auxiliary tank 50 has a lateral inlet opening 5012 and a bottom outlet 5011, located under the bottom 505 auxiliary capacity is circulation. The pad 503, protecting against tension mounted around the auxiliary tank 50, is used to prevent deformation of the auxiliary tank 50. Damping reflective wall 504 mounted on top of the auxiliary tank 50 is used for optimal capture of the working fluid without splashing.

Fig. 6 is a schematic isometric depiction showing the entire device to circulate corresponding to the present invention. Case 1 installation is farm 101. The housing 10 of the installation, the device 40 to circulate and auxiliary tank 50 is a major part of this gravitational power installation 1.

Fig. 7 is a schematic isometric depiction showing the top container and the bottom portion of this preferred variant embodiment corresponding to the present invention. The top container 70, intended for supply of the working fluid in the first tank 20 contains a stabilizing tank 701, designed for roll damping of a working body, and the intake capacity of 702 intended for receiving the working fluid injected from the n the ku 7011, designed for roll damping of the working fluid, the first inlet for the working fluid flowing from the inlet tank 702 into the stabilizing tank 701, a main outlet 7013 and adjustable outlet 7014 for filing established and regulated amount of the working fluid in the first tank 20 through pipelines 7031. The intake capacity of 702 has a second inlet 7021 for flowing the working fluid and the exhaust port 7022 overflow transfusion excess of the working fluid. The lower container 3 is used to capture the working fluid, raspisavshihsya from the auxiliary tank 50 through channel 301.

Thus, the fundamental principle of the present invention is the working body falling from a higher location under the influence of gravity, a work shaft 601 is rotated around the axis by means of the working fluid, and the generator 60, which is driven by the working shaft 601 to generate electricity.

Compared with conventional thermal power plant with a capacity of 500,000 kW to generate power corresponding to the present invention requires no more than one year and less than 100000000 dollars. In addition, there are no segrezauto to circulate a height of 30 m, with a pump power of 3 HP, providing 60 gallons (227,1 DM3of water in 1 minute, 10-second capacity, which is vertically moved with a speed of 30 m in 1 min, and 2000 kg of circulating water can generate electricity with a capacity of 12 kW. Another example is the setting in which the device is to circulate a height of 30 m with a pump power of 3 HP, providing 600 gallons (2271 DM3in 1 min, and a 10-second capacity, which is vertically moved with a speed of 20 m in 1 min, can generate electricity with a capacity of 500 kW. The amount of electricity generated can be adjusted by changing the size of the installation, the height of the device to circulate, the amount of circulating water and so on. A great advantage of this setup is the ease of operation, maintenance and current repair.

1. Gravitational power installation comprising a working fluid, placed with a possibility of falling under the influence of gravity, a work shaft, mounted for rotation under the action of the falling of the working fluid, and an electric power generator driven by the working shaft, characterized t the body and the circulation device, as well as many auxiliary tanks installed on the creature exploded in a vertical plane on the specified enclosure for serial receiving the working fluid from the specified first volume with a reduction in movement of the working shaft, each of which includes a pipeline for the currents specified the working fluid down to the next auxiliary capacitance, and the installation further comprises a device for stabilizing the pulse of the working shaft.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that it further includes a top container for supplying working fluid to the specified first container, the lower container which is used to collect the working fluid of the specified auxiliary tanks, a pumping device for pumping the specified working fluid from the specified lower capacity specified in the top tank.

3. Installation under item 2, characterized in that the device for stabilization of the pulse is made in the form of a flywheel.

4. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the ventilation device comprises a number of spaced stepped shafts mounted rotatably on a specific case, fittings, connect the chassis, and guiding device attached to the specified chassis and intended for the direction of circulation of these stepped shafts.

5. Installation under item 1, characterized in that each of the said auxiliary tank contains damping reflective wall for optimal capture of the specified working fluid flowing from the previous auxiliary capacitance, and the side and bottom exhaust openings interconnected by a given pipeline.

6. Installation under item 1, characterized in that it further comprises a transfer mechanism mounted between the working shaft and the specified circulation device, which contains the first gear set to the specified chassis and driven in rotation by the circulation device, the second gear wheel driven in rotation of a first gear wheel, a third gear mounted coaxially with the second specified wheel on the housing, the fourth gear wheel driven in rotation of the third gear, fifth gear mounted coaxially with the fourth wheel on the body, and the sixth toothed wheel fixed coaxially on uredinia above, than the leading of its wheels.

7. Installation according to p. 6, characterized in that it further comprises a brake device located between the said casing and the specified shaft.

8. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the upper tank contains a stabilizing capacity, designed for roll damping specified liquid in the upper tank and a stabilizing tank contains the main outlet is designed to feed from it a set number specified working fluid in the first tank, adjustable discharge hole, designed to feed him a regulated quantity of the working fluid specified in the first tank, and the outlet of the overflow intended for transfusion from it specified the working fluid contained in the tank.

 

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