The device of besenova for torsion svetodinamichesky materials processing

 

(57) Abstract:

The device applies to the processing of metals by pressure and can be used for cold plastic processing materials with the formation of stable structural-informational field. The device includes a punch, matrix, pusher and planetary deforming fluctuation module, placed on the pusher with three degrees of freedom. The module is made of a composite of two parts, connected by a horizontal plane passing through its center of gravity. On the mating surfaces are grooves, forming a cavity partially filled with ferrofluid. In this cavity is placed a hollow gravitational resonator in the form of pressurized elastic shells filled with fluid with ferromagnetic properties. On the working surface of the punch is made annular groove on the surface of the matrix in response ledge. The surface of the protrusion and groove are made from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, having different radii of curvature, and are annular gap in the plane passing through the surface of the matrix with the annular ledge. The upper surface of the module base having the shape of a truncated cone, an annular lower plot is Calea. The surface of the you is a big part of the module facing to the matrix, made in the form of a conjugate between this curve and epicycloid. Contact with the module surface of the plunger has a flat reference area and the annular area of the spherical shape. The result is the expansion of technological capabilities of the device. 7 Il.

The device relates to the field of metal forming, in particular to a device for cold plastic materials processing, and can be used to get details from a phenomenological /missing in nature/ physical characteristics, namely: basic parts of a new generation of blood analyzers to AIDS; vessel shells for long-term storage of preservatives blood plasma; basic element of implants implants motor mechanisms of the human body; the contact of the indenter type definition abnormal growths of tissue cells of the mammary gland; catalytic modules accelerate the ripening of amino acids during fermentation of protein biomass; relaxation holders in the processing of precious stones; new generation pressure sensors and flow meters for oil, gas and water pipelines; contrainte finishing leather, type "suede", "nwboc"; tool forming decorative textures in the manufacture of furniture; the percussion elements in machines of resurfacing roads; the new generation of the basic elements of bioproof-readers-neutralizers energy field of the person; a new generation of security modules from electromagnetic fields tubes cell phones; a new generation of generator units of the vortex eld paintings category "teroperability"; a new generation of biologically active cosmetic preparations.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed is a device for torsion svetodinamichesky processing materials containing punch with a working surface, a matrix with the cavity, the plunger and the planetary deforming fluctuation module, placed on the pusher with three degrees of freedom and is made in the shape of a truncated cone, located at the side of the upper punch base which has a convex shape, and located at the side of the pusher bottom base is made from a flat reference area and paired with her ring area of a convex shape /EN 2063285 C1, 10.07.96, B 21 D 37/12/.

The drawbacks are the following: the failure to implement mechanismen during processing of the metal workpiece transfer her into a state of dynamic instability and regulated out of this state; the impossibility of the formation during cold plastic deformation phenomenological /missing in the nature/ of the complex physical characteristics of the material; the inability in the process of plastic deformation mechanisms of plastic deformation to penetrate to the micro-level and to generate structural information field in the material, long-keeping information entered in the material during its deformation; the inability of active influence on the structure of the metal billet in the process of its formation.

The problem solved by the invention is to expand the technological capabilities of the device from the point of view of a range of processed materials and improving the regulation of its mode.

The problem is solved in that known device for torsion svetodinamichesky processing materials containing punch with a working surface, a matrix with the cavity, the plunger and the planetary deforming fluctuation module, placed on the pusher with three degrees of freedom and is made in the shape of a truncated cone, located at the side of the upper punch base which has a convex shape, and located at the side of tolai form, according to the invention is equipped with a relaxer elastic stresses and hollow gravitational resonator, made in the form of pressurized elastic shells partially filled with liquid with ferromagnetic properties, planetary deforming fluctuation module is made of a composite of two parts, connected by a horizontal plane passing through its center of gravity, and having on the surfaces of the pair of notches located on the axis of symmetry of the module with the formation of the cavity, which is freely mounted a hollow gravitational resonator, the surface of the recess of the module facing the punch, made with a generatrix in the forÍt curve Snail Pascal, and the surface of the recess facing the pusher part of the module is made with a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal and epicycloid connected to each other by formation of transition sections located on a circle symmetrically relative to the vertical axis of the device, and is filled with ferrofluid, which is located in the plane passing through the vertices of transition sections, the relaxer elastic stresses is made in the form of an annular ledge on facing the punch surface of the die outside E. blunt and groove are made from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, having different radii of curvature, and are annular gap in the plane passing through the said surface of the matrix, and offset along the vertical axis of the device, the value of which is defined by following expression:

Q = (3..5)K,

where Q is the amount of displacement on the vertical axis of the device surfaces of the annular protrusion and groove relaxator elastic stresses, mm;

K - the size of the annular gap between the surfaces of the protrusion and groove relaxator, mm;

the upper surface of the module base and the annular area of the convex shape of the bottom of the base is produced from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, flat support platform lower base of the module is made with a diameter, the value of which is determined from the following expression:

DO. p. M.= J,

where DO. p. M.- the diameter of the flat area of the lower base of the module, mm;

J - the greatest amount of projection of the cavity of the module on the horizontal plane, mm;

a diameter of a circle passing through the transitional areas of the cavity module, mm,

and turned to the module surface of the pusher is made from a flat reference area and paired with her ring area of the spherical shape, the diameter mentioned PLO the ia module.

The invention is illustrated graphic material, where Fig. 1 - shows the device in the initial position; Fig. 2 - the same, in the state of spontaneous fluctuations of the module of Fig. 3 shows the module with the gravitational resonator in the initial position; Fig. 4 presents the gravitational resonator at rest; Fig. 5 - the same, in a state of elastic compression; Fig. 6 presents the relaxer elastic stresses, Fig. 7 - presents the plunger.

Device for torsion svetodinamichesky materials processing contains obkatkoj punch 1 arranged on the working surface of the annular groove 2, the surface of which is made with a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal. Coaxially with the punch set matrix 3 with the cavity and the annular protrusion 4, made recourse to the punch surface outside the cavity. The annular protrusion 4 is located in the annular groove 2 punch with an uneven gap, which houses a viscous lubricating fluid 5.

Mentioned uneven gap obtained due to the fact that the surface of the annular protrusion 4 and the groove 2 is made from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, having different radii of curvature, and are carome, the surface of the protrusion 4 and the groove 2 is shifted one relative to the other along the vertical axis of the device.

In the cavity of the matrix is the planetary deforming fluctuation module 6 made of composite of two parts A and B, connected by a horizontal plane C passing through its center of gravity. Module 6 is made with a cavity 7 is filled with ferrofluid 8. The cavity 7 is formed by grooves on the surfaces of the mating parts of the module mounted on the axis of symmetry of the module. The surface of the recess part has A generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal, and the surface of the recess part B - form in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, paired with epicycloidal with the formation of the transition sections 9, arranged symmetrically about the vertical axis of the device. The level of magnetic fluid 8 is a plane passing through the vertices of transition sections 9. In the cavity 7 module 6 freely mounted hollow gravitational resonator 10 in the form of pressurized elastic shells partially filled with liquid 11 with ferromagnetic properties.

Module 6 is placed on the pusher 12 in contact with the module surface is performed with the reference area 13 and covering her ring at is made with a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal. The bottom base module 6 is made flat base platform 16 and the annular area 17 having a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal. The diameter of the flat support point 13 of the plunger 12 is 0.7 to 0.8 of the diameter of the flat support platform 16 module 6.

The device operates as follows.

The workpiece 18 is coated on its surface with the lubricant placed on the module 6 and fixed in the cavity of the matrix 3 between the punch 1 and the module 6. Then, the punch 1 is moved down and produce a regulated end draught of the workpiece 18. Then plug 1 remove the upsetting effort, while maintaining mutual contact between the punch 1, the workpiece 18 and module 6, the punch 1 is switched to the contact with the matrix in the area of its annular protrusion 4 and the annular groove 2 of the punch. Then punch 1 make every effort run, produce deformation of the workpiece 18, thus increasing the total degree of deformation of the workpiece material 18 produce circular /horizontal/ moving module 6, in contact with the workpiece 18. When the circular movement of the module 6 magnetic fluid 8 begins to spread over the walls of the cavity 7, creating a vortex energy field, and hollow gravity is sliding along the walls of the cavity 7 module 6, the liquid 11 of the cavity 10 under the force of gravity carries it to move through the cavity 7 module 6, which stimulates energy dynamic fragility of module 6 relative to the plunger 12. Reaching the side walls of the cavity 7, the resonator 9 creates an additional overturning moment module 6 - MP, which translates the module 6 in a state of dynamic instability. Under accelerated oscillation module 6 resonator 10 begins to make chaotic shock move against the walls of the cavity 7 module 6. Elastic wall /Fig. 4/ shell resonator 10 as rapprochement with the wall of the cavity 7 is deformed under the action of a shock impulse PHC/Fig. 5/. The liquid 11 is transferred into the state water hammer, creating on the opposite wall of the cavity resonator 10 is regulated field load qG. W.and reglamentirovannyj deforms the area of the shell of the resonator 10. Returning to the original position /form/, this area of the shell itself affects the liquid 11 of the cavity 10, informing it of the wave move, counter directional turbulent fluid flow 11 caused by water hammer. Superimposed on one another, these flows cause mutual energy damping of each other is an additional impetus own movements, i.e. there is an effect of autoresonance attenuation oppositely directed waves when the hammer with the release of energy of elastic waves, which are transmitted to the resonator 10 which, in turn, at a certain stage are translated into a state of elastic autoresonance, making chaotic percussion opposite directional movements in the cavity 7 module 6, which is a necessary source of energy, providing a stable regime fluctuations of module 6, which creates the necessary conditions for the implementation of low-energy modes /mechanisms/ rotational ductility, providing for the restructuring of the crystallographic structure of the workpiece material during cold plastic deformation by creating an intermediate energetically stable crystallographic orientation. Device relaxator elastic stresses eliminates unwanted elastic stresses arising at the stage of autoresonance gravitational resonator 10 and violate the regulated mode of operation of the entire device.

Thus, this device provides regulated in time mode jet forming of the workpiece 18 with the fluctuation of module 6, translated what lost 7 with the magnetic fluid 8, that, in turn, creates the possibility of control mechanisms forming material /modes of plasticity in the process of cold forming.

The overlap of the vortex torsion fields generated respectively by the magnetic fluid 8, the material of the resonator 10, the liquid 11 with ferromagnetic properties, creates conditions for the formation of the material of the workpiece stability structural-informational field.

Device for torsion svetodinamichesky processing materials containing punch with a working surface, a matrix with the cavity, the plunger and the planetary deforming fluctuation module, placed on the pusher with three degrees of freedom and is made in the shape of a truncated cone, located at the side of the upper punch base which has a convex shape, and located at the side of the pusher bottom base is made from a flat reference area and paired with her ring area of a convex shape, characterized in that it is provided with a relaxer elastic stresses and hollow gravitational resonator, made in the form of pressurized elastic shells partially filled with liquid with ferromagnetic properties, Planai plane, passing through its center of gravity, and having on the surfaces of the pair of notches located on the axis of symmetry of the module with the formation of the cavity, which is freely mounted a hollow gravitational resonator, the surface of the recess of the module facing the punch, made with a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal, and the surface of the recess facing the pusher part of the module is made with a generatrix in the form of the curve Snail Pascal and epicycloid connected to each other by formation of transition sections located on a circle symmetrically relative to the vertical axis of the device, and is filled with ferrofluid, which is located in the plane passing through the vertices of transition sections, the relaxer elastic stresses is made in the form of an annular ledge on facing the punch surface of the matrix outside of the cavity and the counter-ring groove on the working surface of the punch, the surface of the aforementioned annular protrusion and groove are made from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, having different radii of curvature, and are annular gap in the plane passing through the said surface of the matrix, and offset on the vertical axis the vertical axis of the device surfaces of the annular protrusion and groove relaxator elastic stresses, mm;

K - the size of the annular gap between the surfaces of the protrusion and groove relaxator, mm,

the upper surface of the module base and the annular area of the convex shape of the bottom of the base is produced from forming in the shape of the curve Snail Pascal, flat support platform lower base of the module is made with a diameter, the value of which is determined from the following expression:

DO. p. m= Y,

where DO. p. m- diameter flat support point of the lower base of the module, mm;

Y - the maximum size of the projection cavity module on the horizontal plane, mm;

as the diameter of a circle passing through the transitional areas of the cavity module, mm,

and turned to the module surface of the pusher is made from a flat reference area and paired with her ring area of the spherical shape, the diameter of the aforementioned flat supporting pad pusher is 0.7 to 0.8 of the diameter of the flat support point of the lower base of the module.

 

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