The method of besenova torsion svetodinamichesky materials processing

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of materials processing pressure and can be used during cold plastic deformation to obtain details from a phenomenological physical characteristics. The workpiece is placed in a matrix on the support with the possibility of spontaneous cacheline oscillatory movements. One of the ends of the workpiece alternately make efforts precipitation and working and idle running. During idle running to the ends of the billet make shock pulses of variable intensity. The pulse frequency increases to resonance. Autoresonant the impact of the shock pulse is maintained over time, in 7-8 times the length of the business cycle. As a result, the workpiece material is formed structural-informational field, long-keeping information entered during the deformation. 2 Il.

The method relates to the field of materials processing pressure and, in particular, to methods of cold plastic materials processing and can be used to get details from a phenomenological (absent in nature) physical characteristics, namely: basic parts of the VI and plasma; the basic element of implants implants motor mechanisms of the human body; contact indenters identify the type of abnormal growths of tissue cells of the mammary gland; catalytic modules accelerate the ripening of amino acids during fermentation of protein mass; relaxation holders in the processing of precious stones; the new generation of pressure sensors and flow meters for oil, gas and water supply systems; instrumentation aircraft; gravity filters for drinking water; tool finishing leather type "suede", "nwboc"; tool forming decorative textures in the manufacture of furniture; the percussion elements in machines repair of roads; the new generation of the basic elements of bioproof-readers-neutralizers energy field of the person; a new generation of security modules from electromagnetic fields tubes cell phones; a new generation of generator units of the vortex eld paintings category "teroperability"; a new generation of biologically active cosmetic preparations.

The closest in technical essence is a way of torsion svetodinamichesky materials processing, including the edno the Annex thereto from the side of the butt from obratnogo tool upsetting and effort working and idle running with the software in the workflow cycle redistribution component of the phase composition of the metal billet to the crystallographic level (EN, patent 2069115, 20.11.96, B 21 D 37/12).

This known method does not allow to form in the workpiece material structural-informational field, long-keeping information entered in the material during its deformation.

Technical problem which the claimed invention is directed is the provision of forming in the workpiece material structural-informational field, long-keeping information entered during the deformation.

The problem is solved in that in the known method torsion svetodinamichesky processing of materials, comprising placing the workpiece in a matrix on the support with the possibility of spontaneous cacheline oscillatory movements and alternate the application to it by the butt from obratnogo tool upsetting and effort working and idle running with the software in the workflow cycle redistribution component of the phase composition of the metal billet to the crystallographic level, according to the invention, during idle running to the ends of the workpiece at the same time make the shock pulses of variable intensity with frequency increasing to the resonance, and autoresonant the impact of the shock pulse is/BR>whereA. in..and- the duration of the autoresonant impact shock pulses, min;

p.C.- the duration of the operating cycle, min.

The duration of the autoresonant impact shock pulses less than 7 times the duration of the working cycle of the processing of the workpiece not provided by the regulated life of the structural-informational field in the material details.

The duration of the autoresonant impact shock pulses more than 8 times the duration of the working cycle of the workpieces to irreversible changes to the code made structural information in the material details.

The method of Besenova trasferimento processing of materials represented by graphic material, where Fig.1 shows the process of implementation of the method in the initial stage of processing of the workpiece of Fig.2 - the same at the final stage.

The method is as follows:

Cylindrical workpiece 1 is installed on deforming module 2, is made integral with the cavity 3, which is hosted environment (magnetic fluid) 4. In the cavity 3 is also placed hollow gravitational resonator 5 partially filled with medium (magnetic fluid) 6. The cavity 3 is it 8 with the annular groove 9 on the working surface down to the workpiece so so in the annular groove 9 of the plug 8 reglamentirovannyj was part of the annular projection 10, is made on the working surface of the die 11, forming in connection with the presence of a medium (liquid) 12 relaxer elastic stresses.

After the force-closure workspace of the zone of deformation: the punch 8-blank 1-matrix P-module 2-plunger 7, produce a regulated end draught procurement and subsequent run-in plug 8 (Fig. 1).

At a certain stage of running-in plug 8 of the workpiece 1 with a circular rotation of module 2 viscous liquid 4 begins to spread over the walls of the cavity 3 of the module 2. Liquid 6 of the cavity 5 under the action of gravitational forces causes it to move along the surface of the cavity 3 of module 2, which stimulates energy dynamically unstable position, module 2 on the plunger 7. Reaching the positions shown in Fig.2, the resonator 5 creates an additional overturning moment module 2-Mr, which translates module 2 in a state of dynamic instability. Under accelerated oscillation module 2 resonator 5 starts to make chaotic shock move against the walls of the cavity 3, and the liquid 6 inside the cavity 5, is transferred into the state hydraulic is directed waves of liquid, produced in this energy contributes to the translation of the resonator 5 in the state of elastic autoresonance. At this stage of the processing of the workpiece facing the active effects of the punch 8 and the reactive effects of the module 2 starts to perform regulated limited alternating turns in the direction same direction running her punch 8. In this case, module 2 on the workpiece impact shock pulses of variable (increasing) the intensity at the beginning of the process and constant intensity at the stage of elastic autoresonance module 2.

Thus, in this way realized the effect hydroshock deformation autoresonance, allowing to greatly reduce the cost of energy input to ensure conditions developed plastic deformation, and influence of torsion fields generated by the rotation of the magnetic fluids 4 and 6 and the vortex energy field of the material of the resonator 5, the structural changes in the material of the workpiece at the micro level when implementing low-energy modes (mechanisms) rotational ductility.

The way torsion svetodinamichesky materials processing, include the alternate application to it by the butt from obratnogo tool upsetting and effort working and idle running with the software in the workflow cycle redistribution component of the phase composition of the metal billet to the crystallographic level, characterized in that during idle running to the ends of the workpiece at the same time make the shock pulses of variable intensity with frequency increasing to the resonance, and autoresonant the impact of the shock pulse is maintained over time, indicated by the following expression

A. in..and= (7-8)p. C.,

whereA. in..and- the duration of the autoresonant impact shock pulses, min;

p.C.- the duration of the operating cycle, min

 

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