The way fertilityscore the formation of paramagnetic material autonomous spatial arrays with different structural information ferromagnetic properties

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of metal forming and can be used in the manufacture of a new generation of the defining details of sensor equipment, radio and video equipment, bakery and milk processing, in the medical equipment in the manufacture of containers for storage of blood and long-term blood analyzers to AIDS, as well as the manufacture of basic elements bioproof-readers-neutralizers and defining modules protection from electromagnetic fields from cell phones. The workpiece in the shape of a truncated cone is placed on a planetary deforming the module to the working end face of the workpiece down obkatkoj punch, fix it in the cavity of the matrix between the plug module and support. Then produce alternately face subsidence and deformation of the workpiece by rolling with subsequent idle running of the formed part. In the process of deformation of the workpiece alternately translated in a state of dynamic instability of the module and the workpiece, which leads to the implementation of the mod rotational ductility at the micro level and the creation of structure and information fields in the material of the workpiece. An object of the invention is to achieve icrowave and generate structural information field in the material, long-term saving information entered in the material during its deformation. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the field of metal forming and, in particular, to a device for cold plastic deformation and details with regulated phenomenological combination of performance and can be used in the manufacture of a new generation of sensors for measuring physical parameters in chemically active environments, ultra-small and ultra-high pressures, while vibrodiagnostic with changing amplitude, high and cryogenic temperatures; a new generation of the defining parts of video and audio equipment (switches-magnetically operated contacts), allows to create on the basis of one element mutually exclusive physical characteristics of high elasticity - corrosion resistance - high magnetic induction Bs- stable maximum magnetic permeabilitymax; new generation of environmentally friendly magnetic modules in food containers for catalyzing the formation of amino acids during fermentation of protein mass; a new generation of long-term samovosstanavlivaemy analyzers blood on AIDS, allowing what about to save large amounts of blood, eliminating the need for its constant stirring with the aim of preserving the same; the new generation of the basic elements of bioproof-readers-neutralizers energy field of the person; a new generation of security modules from electromagnetic fields tubes cellular phones.

The known method of forming in a paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties, which consists in placing the workpiece in a matrix on the support with the possibility of spontaneous cacheline oscillatory movements and alternate the application to it by the butt from obratnogo tool upsetting, forming with said end face of the workpiece conical recess and a spherical cavity at the reference edge of the workpiece, and the effort of running, ensuring in the process of forming the redistribution component of the phase composition of the metal billet [EN 2069115 20.11.96 B 21 D 37/12.

The disadvantage of this method is the following: the inability in the process of plastic deformation mechanisms of plastic deformation to penetrate to the micro-level and to generate structural information field in the material, long-keeping information entered in the material in deformer the Alla procurement plastic deformation reaches the micro-level, providing a formation of Autonomous spatial arrays with differentiated structural-informational properties, which generated a draft of the conical recess and a spherical cavity at the ends of the workpiece volumes determined from the following equation:

VK. W.= (0,6 - 0,8) VC. N.,

where VK. W.- the volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, mm3;

VC. N.- the volume of a spherical cavity at the reference edge of the workpiece, mm3.

When performing a conical recess at the working end face of the workpiece smaller volume of 0.6 volume of a spherical cavity on the base of her butt, do not provide the required range of variation of the workpiece in the process of deformation.

When performing a conical recess at the working end face of the workpiece displacement, large 0.8 volume of a spherical cavity to support its end, there is the possibility of discontinuity of the material in the Central part of the workpiece.

After removal of the upsetting in the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece placed additional preparation conic, equidistant form the surface of the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece and the amount of additional workpiece, mm3;

VK. W.- the volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, mm3.

When performing additional procurement smaller volume of 0.7 volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, there is the possibility of discontinuity of material additional billets for subsequent testing in the area of its lateral surface.

When performing additional blanks higher volume of 0.9 volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, there is the possibility of discontinuity of the additional material of the workpiece from the side of her butt.

The testing of both blanks completed upon reaching the base of the cone additional workpiece diameter defined by the expression

DO. D. C.= (0,7 - 0,85) DT. D.,

where DO. D. C.the diameter of the cone additional workpiece, mm;

DT. D.the diameter of the butt is finished parts from obratnogo tool, mm;

When performing additional workpiece with a base diameter less 0.75 diameter of the butt is finished parts from obratnogo tool is not provided neobhodimymi additional blank with a base diameter smaller 0.85 diameter of the butt is finished parts from obratnogo tool does not ensure the formation of arrays of metal with the structural information of ferromagnetic properties in the peripheral areas of the metal parts. The moulded detail is kept in a closed tool at idle running at the time indicated by the following expression

x.o= (10-15)C,

wherex.othe time of idle running details;

Cthe operating cycle time of forming details,

moreover, the deformation of the workpiece and the dummy forging parts, is carried out in the area of counter-directional rotating magnetic and torsion fields.

When you extract the parts in the closed tool at idle running in time less 10 times the duration of the working cycle of the forming parts not provided by the specified penetration made in the process of deformation of the workpiece structural information reflecting the effects of stress on the workpiece.

When you extract the parts in the closed tool at idle running during the time a large 15-times the duration of the working cycle forming part does not provide the specified retention period applied structural information.

The way fertilityscore the formation of paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays with different structural information the Oia method in the initial position;

in Fig. 2 - the same, after the end of precipitation and the workpiece;

in Fig. 3 - phase no-load running-in details.

The method is as follows:

The workpiece 1 in the form of a truncated cone, place a large base on the planetary deforming fluctuation module 2 containing two deforming the torsion generators 3 made in the form of an annular magnets diametrically placed on the module 2, to the desktop (top) face of the workpiece 1 fail obkatkoj punch 4 with two deforming the torsion generators 5, made in the form of an annular magnets diametrically placed on the punch 4 (see Fig. 1). Then produce a regulated end draught of the workpiece 1 from the side of the punch 4, forming at its working end a conical recess and a spherical cavity at its base end side of the module 2, thanks to the power circuit across deforming system: punch 4, module 2, matrix 6, the plunger 7.

Then in the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece 1 is placed an additional workpiece 8 conical shape (see Fig. 2), equidistant form the surface of the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece and produce the forging OAuth in a closed tool, producing idle oblatywanie within regulated time.

The deformation of the workpiece and the dummy testing finished parts produced in the area of counter-directed magnetic torque and torsion fields generated by deforming the torsion generators punch and module, which ensures formation in the material details structural-informational fields due to the implementation of the rotary mechanisms of plasticity and create structural-informational field.

The way fertilityscore the formation of paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays with different structural information ferromagnetic properties, which consists in placing the workpiece in a matrix on the support with the possibility of spontaneous cacheline oscillatory movements and extraordinary application to it by the butt from obratnogo tool upsetting, forming with said end face of the workpiece conical recess and a spherical cavity at the reference edge of the workpiece, as well as efforts spinning, ensuring in the process of forming the redistribution component of the phase composition of the metal workpiece, characterized in that the redistribution of the components is the use of Autonomous spatial arrays with differentiated structural-informational properties what formed the draft of the conical recess and a spherical cavity at the ends of the workpiece volumes determined from the following equation:

VK. y= (0,6 - 0,8)VC. N.,

where VK. y- the volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, mm3;

VC. N.- the volume of a spherical cavity at the reference edge of the workpiece, mm3,

and after removal of the upsetting in the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece placed additional preparation conic, equidistant form the surface of the conical recess of the end face of the workpiece, and the volume determined from the following equation:

VD. C= (0.7 TO 0.9)VK. y,

where VD. C- the amount of workpiece, mm3;

VK. y- the volume of the conical recess in the end face of the workpiece by obratnogo tool, mm3,

subsequent testing of both blanks completed upon reaching the base of the cone additional workpiece diameter defined by the expression

DO. D. C= (0,7 - 0,85)Dso, d,

where DO. D. Cthe base diameter of the cone additional workpiece, mm;

Dso, dthe diameter of the butt is finished parts from obytnom instrument at idle running at the time defined by the expression

x.o= (10-15)C,

wherex.othe time of idle running details;

Cthe operating cycle time of forming parts from.

3. The method according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the deformation of the workpiece and the dummy forging parts is carried out in the area of counter-directional rotating magnetic and torsion fields.

 

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FIELD: plastic working of metals.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of deforming sheet blank by drawing it through closed working gage of draw plate; using linear electric motor at making shapes. In order to draw blank through closed working gage of draw plate at smoothly deforming it, pulling effort uniformly distributed along the whole length of deformation zone is provided. Said pulling effort is created due to interaction of traveling magnetic field induced in winding of stator of linear electric motor with eddy currents induced in blank for moving blank according to traveling magnetic field. Apparatus for making shapes of sheet blank includes draw plate with closed working gage. Apparatus for making shapes of electrically conducting material includes linear electric motor supporting draw plate with closed working gage; the last is fixed to said motor. It is possible to use as linear electric motor single-side linear electric motor, double-side linear electric motor or cylindrical linear electric motor.

EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities, enhanced quality of shapes.

5 cl, 6 dwg

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