Device for creating a support structure on a support surface
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the elements for the installation of building foundations. The technical problem of the invention is to improve reliability and ease of installation of the support element. Described supporting element for the organization of a support structure on a support surface that contains a reference section with an inner section and two outer, resistant to bending sections, spacer screws holding the bearing area at a certain distance from the supporting surface, and clamping elements extending upward from the outer sections and limiting the space for receiving structural element. In accordance with the invention, the inner section is bent under load structural element, and the clamping plates are arranged in the plane perpendicular to the constructive element. The clamping plates are pressed when free to contact opposite sides of the structural element due to clamping forces resulting from the specified loading curving inner section. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill. The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the Toolbox for mounting pound constructive elements in the form of holders, set on the ground. To obtain the correct position of the element for each holder must be cast from concrete base plate with a certain height. This method is laborious and time consuming, and it does not always ensure getting the desired result. There is also known a method using inserts to obtain the correct level, however, there is a risk of departure of the inserts from the holder, since the paste is generally not fixed.The closest analogue of the invention can take the known device to create a support structure on a support surface containing at least one structural element stable shape having a bottom face and two opposite side surfaces spaced at a distance f from each other, and interacting with the specified device, which contains a reference section with an inner section and two outer resistant to bending sections provided on each side of the inner section, the spacer part on the lower side of the reference area in each outer section that holds the reference site at a certain distance from the supporting surface, and aimed rst is stco connected with the formation of a stable block and limiting space between them, which extends down to the inner section and is intended to enter into it specified structural element (US patent 1596039). A disadvantage of known construction should recognize its low reliability.The present invention is the design of the holder and the support element of high reliability, which can be installed quickly and simple way of obtaining the desired level of support.This problem is solved by using constructs containing at least one structural element stable shape having a bottom face and two opposite side surfaces spaced at a distance f from each other, and interacting with a device that contains a reference section with an inner section and two outer resistant to bending sections provided on each side of the inner section, the spacer part on the lower side of the reference area in each outer section that holds the reference site at a certain distance from the supporting surface, and aimed up interacting with each other, clamping elements, installed on the upper side of the support section and rigidly connected with it OBR is her section and is intended to enter into it specified structural element, with the inner section is made curved under the action of load structural member, the clamping element provided in each of the outer sections, forms at least one rigid clamping plate in the plane perpendicular to the specified design element, and the clamping plates are pressed to free entry in the contact to the opposite side surfaces of the structural element with clamping forces, which are created by the design at the specified loading curving inner section. It is preferable to produce the reference section in the form of a single, planar form, details. It is desirable that the spacer elements are made adjustable relative to the reference site to ensure adjustment of the level of the structural element. In this case, the spacer elements are preferably performed for each partition in the form of at least one screw, put the thread in the outer section and passing through them vertically. Preferably, each clamping element consisted of two parallel clamping plates apart from each other. While it is preferable that the distance between the plates was the same for both pairs of clamping plates. is not more than 10 mm, preferably from 1 to 5 mm, which is greater than the thickness or width of f structural element, measured between its side surfaces, which are pressed clamping plate when the loading device. It is desirable that the supporting section and clamping the plates were made of flat sheet metal blank having a lateral U-shaped recess corresponding in shape space, bent along parallel lines marking coincident with the bottom edge of the lateral U-shaped grooves with the formation of four clamping plates. It is desirable that component was made in the form of a lighthouse, designed to provide support equipment for leveling the surface of the solution during the concreting of floors or roofs.The invention is illustrated graphic material, where Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of the device in the form of a support element and leveling it, Fig. 2 to 4 show different ways of supporting elements and leveling of Fig. 5 is shown a side view in accordance with Fig. 1 when performing a structural element in the form of a beam of rectangular cross-section in Fig. 6 shows a side view of the support element and leveling in accordance with Fig. 5, and now support, which relies on the design containing the lower beam, and a lot of cross-beams, and Fig. 8 and 9 show a perspective view and end view of the element according to Fig. 1, carrying the tube of Fig. 10 shows a side view of another embodiment of the invention.In Fig. 1 to 6 shows a device for creating a support structure 1 at a desired level above the support surface 13. Design 1 acting on the device with the load, Q, is formed having a stable shape of the structural element 2, having a bottom surface 3, which interacts with the control element and two side opposite surfaces 4, 5, which are also designed to interact with the supporting member. Side surfaces 4, 5 are located at a predetermined distance e above the bottom surface 3 and at a predetermined distance f from each other. The distance f forms a horizontal thickness or width of the solid body 2 within at least one area between the side surfaces 4, 5. The distance e is mainly the same for both the side surfaces 4, 5 (Fig. 5). Note that the size and shape of the support element and leveling is determined by the size and shape of the structural element, the ASS="ptx2">The support element includes a support section 6 (Fig. 1), which is made in a single piece, namely in the form of plates with internal (or average) of section 7 and two external hard sections 8, 9 located on both sides of the middle section. Reference section 6 shall be of such dimensions that when placing the support element area 6 is located essentially perpendicular to the structural element 2 and essentially horizontally. The support element also contains spacer parts 10 and 11 on each of the outer sections 8 and 9. Two spacer parts 10 and 11 is offset from the middle section 7, is connected with the supporting part 6, from which they are focused down before contact with the support surface 13 (Fig. 5). In the specified embodiment of the invention, each of the spacer parts 10, 11 are made in the form of a screw passing through the reference section 6, and the screw can be fully or partially is screwed into the support section 6 to establish the necessary distance to the supporting surface 13. Each screw 10 may be provided with a Central recess, the base of which is intended to position the head element connection (nail or screw) to be used for fastening the support element on the surface by means of screws 10, 11. Item oz sides of the middle section 7 reference section 6. Each clamping element 14 and 15 rigidly connected to the outer sections 8 and 9 of the supporting section 6 and is oriented upwards from the reference section 6 with education together with the supporting section 6 space 16, localized over the middle section 7 reference section 6 and open at the top and at the ends for receiving structural element 2, which is placed between the clamping elements 14 and 15 with a focus on the middle section 7 reference section 6. Each clamping element 14 and 15 has at least one upper clamping section 17 and 18, which limits the space 16 to the side so that its width at the level of the clamping sections 17 and 18 is almost equal to the specified size f structural element 2 in the case when the support element is not loaded and the reference area is essentially flat. The width of the space 16 mostly does not exceed 10 mm, and preferably ranges from 1 to 5 mm, which exceeds the specified size f. This provides a free occurrence of the structural element 2 in the space 16, after which the clamping elements 14 and 15 can be put in the position of emphasis in the side surfaces 4 and 5 of the structural element 2. Clamping elements 14 and 15 are not deformable, allowing you to press etenia each clamping element 14, 15 consists of two parallel clamping plates 19 and 20, 21 and 22, oriented upward from the side edges of the outer sections 8 and 9 (Fig. 1). Reference section 6 and the clamping plates 19 and 20, 21 and 22 of the support element is made in the form of a single detail of their flat sheet metal blank having two U-shaped notches 27 and 28 (Fig. 2 and 3), which is then bent along two parallel marking lines 23 and 24 so that the clamping plates 19, 20, 21 and 22 are oriented perpendicular to the flat support section 6. The support element is symmetrical both with respect to the longitudinal Central vertical plane C(L) passing through the two outer sections 8 and 9 of the support section 6, and with respect to the transverse Central vertical plane C(T). The outer sections 8 and 9 of the supporting section 6 have two round holes 25 which has been threaded to provide a threaded connection with adjusting screws 10 and 11. By rotation of the screws 10 and 11 on the thread you can set the position of the support element to the desired level above the support surface.If the item supports loaded structural element 1 (concrete beam 2 load (Q), then clamping the sections 17 and 18 of the clamping plates are pressed against the lateral surfaces 4 and 5 is, that the reference section 6 of the support element loaded beam 2 so that the reference plot sags slightly in the area of the inner section 7, and the clamping plates 19 and 22 are moved towards each other. Directed inside the clamping plates 19 and 22 also act as hardening to the outside of sections 8 and 9 of the support section 6, each outer section 8 and 9 and the clamping plates 19 and 22 form a movable block, which allows you to get a powerful clamping effect when loading the internal section 7 reference section. This inner section does not harden and therefore prone to deflection. As shown in Fig. 6, when loading form the axis of the bend 26 in the supporting section 6 in the transition zone from the inner curved section 7 to each hardened outer sections 8 and 9. The action of the clamp to the side surfaces 4 and 5 of the beam occurs as a result of the torque occurring on each axis of the bend 26.In Fig. 7 shows two elements of support and leveling of the type described, installed at a certain distance from each other and designed to provide support and regulation of host-level structure 1 consisting of a lower beam 2, which is in clamping the only one. The screws 10 and 11 of each element supports and leveling freely mounted on the base plate 29 to the pressure distribution on the surface and to facilitate rotation of the screws in the regulation of the level design 1. Such a base plate 29 or other means of pressure distribution used in cases when the reference surface is made not monolithic.In Fig. 8 and 9 shows application of the invention to provide support and level control pipe 30.The middle section 7 reference section 6 is thin enough so that it could be bent if necessary hands that will allow you to temporarily expand the space 16 to enter or facilitate entry in the element bearing structural element 2. After this clamping elements 14 and 15 hold the structural element 2 element bearings due to the clamping action. In any case, the clamping elements 14 and 15 come into contact with the structural element 2, when the reference area 6 sags down under load.In Fig. 10 shows the application of the invention to provide support structural element 2 in the form of a rack, and the structural element is an elongated not deformable beam carrying this this case, the path space 16 corresponds to the profile of the beam. The beam is preferably carries a plastic sliding rail (not shown). In the latter case, the middle section 7 reference section 6 has a relatively small area and depends on the thickness of the timber.In accordance with an alternative implementation of the invention (not shown), the support element can be formed in two or three parts, introduce each other and fixed by means of respective mounting elements for receiving solid support. The middle section of the support section can be bent as described previously. The reference area may contain the first part in the form of a tongue and the second part respectively with grooves or space with sliding surfaces for the entrance of the tongue.The person skilled in the art understand that the above information is not exhaustive of all possible realization of the invention. 1. Device for creating a support structure 1 on the supporting surface 13, which includes the specified structure in the form of at least one structural element 2 stable shape having a lower side 3, and two opposite side surfaces spaced at a distance f from each other and interacting with the specified device, is provided on each side of the inner section, spacer item 10, 11 on the lower side of the reference area in each of the outer sections 8, 9, holds the reference section 6 at a certain distance from the supporting surface 13, and aimed up interacting with each other, clamping elements 14, 15 mounted on the upper side of the supporting section 6 and is rigidly connected with the formation of a stable block and bounding between the space 16, which extends down to the inner sections 7 and is intended to enter into it specified structural element 2, characterized in that the inner section 7 is bent by the load structural element 1, moreover, the clamping element 14, 15 provided in each of the outer sections 8, 9, forming at least one rigid clamping plate 19, 20, 21, 22 in the plane perpendicular to the specified design element, while the clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22 pressed to free entry in the contact to the opposite side surfaces 4, 5 structural element with clamping forces, which are created by the design at the specified loading curving inner section 7.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the supporting section 6 is made in the form of a single is reguliruetsja relative to the reference section 6 for adjustment of the level of the structural element.4. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the spacer elements 10, 11 in each of the outer sections 8, 9 consist of one or more screws, which entered the thread in the outer sections 8, 9 and pass through them vertically.5. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that each clamping element 14, 15 consists of two parallel clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22, separated from each other.6. The device under item 5, characterized in that the distance between the clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22 are the same for both pairs of clamping plates.7. Device according to any one of paragraphs. 1 - 6, characterized in that the width of the space 16 when not loaded and is not bent supporting section 6 is from 0 to 10 mm, mainly from 1 to 5 mm, which is greater than the thickness or width of f structural element 2, measured between its side surfaces 4, 5, which are pressed clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22 when the loading device.8. Device according to any one of paragraphs. 1 to 7, characterized in that the supporting section 6 and the clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22 made from a flat sheet metal blank having a lateral U-shaped recess corresponding in shape to the specified space 16, the curved along for the formation of the four clamping plates 19, 20, 21, 22.9. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 8, characterized in that the structural element is designed as a beacon 2, designed to provide support equipment for leveling the surface of the solution during the concreting of floors or roofs.
SUBSTANCE: pendulum sliding support (1) is designed to separate soil (2) of the base from a structure (3), for instance, in case of base soil (2) movements caused by an earthquake or as an alternative for traditional deformed supports. The support (1) comprises the first support sliding plate (5) with the first concave sliding surface (5'), a support block (4), being in a sliding contact with the first surface (5'), and also the second support plate (6) with the second concave surface (6'), which contacts with the support block (4). The first sliding surface (5') provides at least in one position a stable position of the support block (4) balance, in which it returns independently after deviation caused by exposure to external forces. Antifriction material (9a, 9b) contains plastic with elastic-plastic compensating properties and with low friction coefficient, at the same time plastic has compensating properties, which make it possible to compensate for deviation of 0.5 mm from the specified plane of the specified sliding surface (5').
EFFECT: increased durability, strength and provision of most accurate return of a sliding element into balance position.
33 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: blasting operations.
SUBSTANCE: in blast resistant panel comprising a metal armoured frame with metal armoured plating and filler - lead crumbs there are four fixed pipe-supports in the ends. In the cover of the explosive object four support rods are tightly sealed, which are telescopically inserted into the fixed pipe-supports of the panel. On each of the elastic support rods the sheet-rest is secured by welding, which is screwed to the damper base, and the base, coaxially with the rod, is attached to the sleeve by a flange with the screws, made of a brittle decaying material (porcelain). The elastic part of the decaying element is made in the form of at least three leaf springs, facing with their convex part towards the axis of the rod, which has a threaded part for fastening the clamping sleeve-type element with grooves for fixing one end of the leaf springs, and their other end is secured in a damper base by cast polyurethane.
EFFECT: improving reliability of triggering of explosion protection devices at emergency explosion at the object and ensuring the return of these structures to the initial position after the explosion.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is connection system of machines parts or structures elements. It consists of three connection units, installed between connected machines parts or elements of structures. Where one of connection units is made in form of ball joint, and second connection unit comprises one cylindrical joint, one ball joint and intermediate link, installed between these two joints.
EFFECT: wherein third connection unit comprises two ball joints and intermediate link installed between them.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor structures in rooms adapted for electronic and electrical equipment installation.
SUBSTANCE: floor comprises height-adjustable stands with support plates to which beams with panels are connected. Each support plate has slots located in crosswise manner and opened from peripheral part thereof. Support plate is provided with covering plate having central orifice, cuts arranged in crosswise manner along its perimeter and radial extensions dividing covering plate into four equal segments. Panel plate corners rest upon segment surfaces. Covering plate has metal strips crossing at the 90o angle and disposed from lower side thereof. Two pair of slots are formed between covering plate cuts and extend in annular direction. Metal strip ends passing through above slots are bent on outer side of covering plate.
EFFECT: increased operational performance.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly adjustable floor supports.
SUBSTANCE: support comprises combined post including rod with outer thread connected to circular ring support plate and hollow tubular member connected to lower plate secured to floor underlay. Support plate has pair of slots arranged along plate perimeter in crosslike manner and provided with covering plate having central orifice. Covering plate comprises radial extensions for floor panels installation and cuts arranged in crosslike manner to provide free beam installation in mating slots of support plate. Hollow tubular member of post has inner thread engaging mating rod thread. Hollow tubular member diameter is equal to 0.2 - 0.3 of support plate diameter. Covering plate is provided with two metal strips crossing each other in central orifice area thereof. Two opposite pair of slots are made between covering plate cuts. Ends of metal strip pass through above slots and are bent on outer surface of covering plate.
EFFECT: improved service performance.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly adjustable supports for raised floor or double-floor structures.
SUBSTANCE: set comprises threaded rod with nut screwed on rod, short cylindrical member connected to plate by one end thereof and replaceable cylindrical head having inner conical surface. Difference between head end diameters is 0.4 - 0.6 mm. Method of support assembling involves placing cylindrical member on floor; putting replaceable head on cylindrical member and inserting threaded rod in head.
EFFECT: extended range of technical capabilities along with maintaining high connection reliability.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly composite raised floors made of panels and defining space for laying electric cables and/or providing ventilation.
SUBSTANCE: support comprises rod fixedly secured to support panel and body formed as sleeve and having support flange on the first end and cylindrical flange on another one. Cylindrical flange may be axially displaced and fixed on rod. Sleeve side has part with curvilinear surface extending over at least half of sleeve length defined by flanges. Curvilinear surface is formed by rotation of second-order line segment around support axis.
EFFECT: increased strength characteristics, particularly directional stability of support body subjected to axial alternating loads when temporary compression force is applied to support body.
19 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes inner load-bearing layer of resin-bonded chipboard material, upper and lower layers of sheet metal. At least two opposite sides of inner load-bearing layer are impregnated with primer and aqueous glue is applied to the sides. Above sides are then covered with polyvinylchloride coating. Primer and aqueous glue are acrylic-based and include dag. Inner layer comprises at least two layers with increased density cooperating with upper and lower panel layers. Electric resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 Ohm.
EFFECT: improved service properties and increased panel rigidity.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floors in offices adapted for heavy equipment installation.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes tray-like metal member forming panel base and side walls having folded inwards edges extending in parallel to panel base. Arranged inside tray is load-bearing layer covered with metal sheet. Load-bearing layer has non-uniform density along height thereof and includes groove extending along layer perimeter. Metal sheet has peripheral extension formed in lower side thereof and cooperating with groove. Folded edges are connected with metal sheet in area of contact between extensions and grooves, outer surfaces thereof are in plane with outer surface of metal sheet connected to inner load-bearing layer by depressions and/or glue.
EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity and rigidity.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes bearing plate of timber-based material enclosed with metal shell from all plate sides. Shell is formed as two boxes, namely upper and lower ones. Each box has rectangular part defining upper and lower panel sides, and side edges folded along rectangular part perimeter. Folded side edges extend over half of end panel side height. Area of rectangular part of upper box exceeds that of lover part by (4-5)δ value, where δ is thickness of upper box. Folded side edges of upper and lower boxes are equal in height. End parts of adjacent side edges of each end plate side are pressed together in overlapped manner.
EFFECT: improved antistatic properties of raised floor, increased reliability of panel connection.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly false floors elevated above base and supported by adjustable supports.
SUBSTANCE: false floor defining a chamber for communication lines consists of panels. Floor panel comprises inner load-bearing layer of flakeboard, upper decorative layer of vinyl plastics and lower layer of sheet material. At least two opposite side surfaces of inner layer are impregnated with priming agent and aqueous adhesive is applied on above surfaces to which polyvinylchloride coating is further connected. Priming agent and aqueous adhesive are formed on acrylic base and dag is added to above substances. Inner layer includes at least two high-density sub-layers contacting with upper and lower panel layers. Electrical resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 ohm.
EFFECT: increased strength of floor panel.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and upper bearing plate. The plates have central orifices. Central orifice of lower plate comprises rod receiving recess and is surrounded with annular depression having depth not exceeding sheet thickness. Central orifice of upper plate comprises flange. The plates are provided with radial grooves located so that convex surfaces thereof face each other. Depression and grooves have oval cross-section and oval or wavy cross-sections in connection areas in-between. Upper plate is made of the same material as the lower one. Orifices for fastening members receiving formed in lower plate and holes for gasket fixing made in upper plate are coaxial and created along stiffening ribs extending along square diagonals.
EFFECT: increased support resistance and strength thereof along with reduced material consumption, decreased mass and simplified manufacture.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and having central orifice for threaded rod securing and holes for connecting thereof to a base. The orifice diameter is less than that of rod. Support also has upper bearing plate rigidly connected with tubular member. Threaded rod end provided with nut is inserted into tubular member. Lower plate surface facing the base has crosswise ribs dispersing from central orifice and radial V-shaped grooves extending from corners thereof.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity in the case of vertical eccentric load application, possibility to connect floor members to the support without upper plate replacement, simplified manufacture.
8 cl, 5 dwg