The localization device floating on the water surface from the deposition

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended to reduce the size of the contaminated surface in open water and then clean the surface. The localization device floating on the water surface from the deposition is made in the form of a perforated flexible pipe connected with a source of working fluid and attached to the floating elements by flexible connections. Floating elements are in the form of remotely operated towing. Perforated pipe attached to the ballast elements. The depth of the pipes are fixed by flexible connections between the ballast and floating elements. This is an opportunity to move the construction during operation, which allows to actively influence the slick. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to devices for reducing the size of the contaminated surface in open water and then clean the surface.

We know quite a lot of ways localization spots contaminated surface. For example, as described in the book D. Cormac, Combating pollution of the sea by oil and chemicals. -M.:Transport, 1989, S. 74-75, S. 203 and spreading stains because of the wind and waves. Most often these different ways of booms. These barriers, along with their undoubted advantages, are not without disadvantages. They are quite bulky, difficult to install and the effectiveness of their work depends on the excitement.

Known way to create upward to the surface flows of air bubbles barriers, providing subsequent collection and destruction of the deposition (UK application N 2246981, 19.02.92). The closest analogue to the technical essence is a device for the application of UK N 2246981, 19.02.92. This device includes a perforated flexible pipe connected with a source of working fluid and attached to the floating elements by flexible connections.

Known design does not allow to actively influence the spot contamination, for example by moving it along the surface of the water.

The technical result of the invention is the ability to move the design in the process of operation, which allows to actively influence the slick.

The localization device floating on the water surface from the deposition is made in the form of a perforated flexible pipe connected with a source of working remotely operated towing, the pipe is attached to the ballast elements, and the depth of the pipes are fixed by flexible connections between the ballast and floating elements.

In the particular case of the working fluid is a gas. In addition, the flexible tube is closed. In addition, a flexible connection made in the form of cable elements and attached with one side to the ballast elements, on the other hand - to the floating elements.

The device comprises a flexible perforated tube, which can take the necessary form. Inside the pipe is fed to the working body, which may be liquid or gas. Ballast elements bury the pipe, and floating elements by choosing the length of flexible connections support the pipe at the desired depth, in particular, in order not to impede the passage of vessels - collectors contamination. Execution of floating elements in the form of remotely operated towing allows you to actively influence the localization device stains pollution, changing the shape of a spot or towing it with a barrier in the desired direction.

In Fig. 1 is a diagram of the operation of the device;

in Fig. 2 - scheme of setting obstacles;

in Fig. 3 shows the device localization.

PR is STI 1 water flow 4. Flowing in both sides of the water with one hand prevents the spreading stain of pollution 2, on the other hand reduces the agitation of the water surface 1 windward 5.

As shown in Fig 2, ascending to the surface water flows 4 can be created pop-up gas bubbles 6. Water circulation prevents the spread even burning spots of soiling 2 and reduces the amplitude of the waves 5.

The localization device floating on the water surface 1 from the deposition device 2 includes the creation of barriers 3 spot pollution in the form of a perforated flexible pipe 9 connected to a source of working fluid 8. The pipe 9 is attached to the ballast elements 10, and the depth of the pipes are fixed by flexible connections 12 between the ballast 10 and 11 floating elements.

Flexible connection 12 may be made in the form of cable elements and attached with one side to the ballast elements 10, on the other hand - to the floating elements 11.

Floating elements 11 made in the form of remotely operated towers.

The source of the working fluid 8 can be installed on Board the 7, which leaves the pipe 13 for supplying the working fluid. Work the body in order to yavlyaetsya flags 14 and the light position detectors 15.

The localization device floating on the water surface from the deposition is as follows.

Ship security 7 sets around the deposition 2 perforated flexible pipe 9, which is buried by means of a ballast element 10 and is maintained at a certain deepening of the floating elements 11 with flexible connections 12 between them. With a source of working fluid 8 is supplied to the liquid or gas. Ascending to the surface of the liquid flow 4 is formed by the flow of liquid or gas through the pores (holes) in the flexible tube 9. Continuous fluid flow on the water surface spreads and throws a slick 2 formed inside the barrier. If necessary, the flexible tube 9 is closed; closed and becomes longest barrier 3. The skimmers and other auxiliary vessels may freely pass between the floating elements 11 inside the deposition. Floating elements 11 made in the form of remotely operated towing, for example, associated with a support vessel 7 EnergoPolyus cable, can maneuver and to respond more flexibly to the behavior of the deposition, creating the necessary configuration against Nov 11.

The device is simple, compact and effective not only in calm water and in waves and allows you to create a barrier even burning oil without interfering with maneuvers skimmers.

1. The localization device floating on the water surface from the deposition made in the form of a perforated flexible pipe connected with a source of working fluid and attached to the floating elements by flexible connections, characterized in that the floating elements are in the form of remotely operated tugs, pipe attached to the ballast elements, and the depth of the pipes are fixed by flexible connections between the ballast and floating elements.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the working fluid is a gas.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the flexible tube is closed.

4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the flexible connection is made in the form of cable elements and attached with one side to the ballast elements, on the other hand - to the floating elements.

 

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