A device for converting energy of a fluid medium
(57) Abstract:The device is designed for the generation of electric energy. As a supercharger fluid can be used with any pump or compressor, but the fluid environment must not be electrically conductive. In the working chamber of the stator of a turbo-generator, made in the form of an open top half or hollow torus placed flat ring of rotor blades mounted for rotation on the bearing support. The ring was attached to the excitation winding, and the stator is fixed induction coil. Both windings are placed in the additional annular cavities of the stator with its outer and inner sides. Tall size of the windings is made equal to or greater than the internal diameter forming polluter or Thor circle. The blade rings of the rotor can be made in the form of a semicircle with a diameter of not less than half the internal diameter forming a torus circle or bucket. The device allows to increase the efficiency of energy conversion and to simplify the design. 4 C.p. f-crystals. 4 Il. The invention relates to the field of power engineering, and more particularly to actuators electric generators, teratoma gear-rack and pinion and mounted on the thrust bearing. The turbine blades are made curved and fixed between the inner and outer rims. An annular turbine chamber is in an open top betonirovannaa gutters. Turbine is horizontal and is hosted on pontoons inside the turbine chamber. The toothed rack is made on the upper part of the outer rim. The generators are placed symmetrically to the axis of rotation of the turbine with the outer side of the rim, on their shafts are flywheels. Lead hydrogen is raised above the level of the river and made inclined, tapering flow and connected with the turbine chamber tangentially (see USSR author's certificate N 1728522, IPC F 03 B 13/08, 1992).This unit complex in design and requires you to provide rise of water level in the river.The closest analogue to the proposed device is a rotary machine described in the patent of the USSR N 1838630, IPC F 01 C 1/00, 1993).This rotary machine can be used for the generation of electric energy and contains the energy source of high pressure fluid, a stator with inlet and outlet nozzles and annular working chamber, which has a rotor with fixed blades, and the transmission astroimager to be attached to its rotor and stator. However, this device is difficult by design, as the camera has a variable area orifice, thus there is an increased resistance to rotation in the area of the smallest section.The task of the invention is to provide a simplified and more economical driving generators.This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the working chamber of the stator is made in an open top half or hollow torus, and the rotor is in the form of a flat ring with blades, and outer and inner surfaces of the ring attached to the excitation winding of the generator, and its inductive coil mounted on the stator, thus to accommodate the windings, the stator is made with an additional annular cavities.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the device for converting energy of a fluid medium; Fig. 2 is a top view of the turbo-generator device of Fig. 3 - section a-a of Fig. 2; Fig 4 is a diagram of the supply and exhaust of fluid.A device for converting energy of a fluid medium contains a heater 1 fluid and a turbine generator having a stator 2 with inlet and outlet pipes 3 and 4, respectively, the induction winding is the authorities 7, this working chamber is in an open top half or hollow torus 8, and the rotor is in the form of a flat ring 9 with Windows between the blades 7, with the windings 5 and 6 of the turbo-generator placed in the additional annular cavities 10 and 11 of the stator respectively with outer and inner side, and the stator is made with the connector on the horizontal diameter forming polluter or tor 8 circle, the ring 9 is placed in the plane of the connector and mounted on ball bearings rolling 12 fixed in the walls of the stator, and the excitation winding 6 of the rotor is connected to the current source (Fig. not shown) through the annular offset 13 with the cheeks 14, fixed on both sides of the ring 9 of the rotor. The rotor blades 7 are made with a density close to the density of the fluid, for example, by selecting the material of the rotor blades 7, fluid, and/or the introduction of the buoyancy chambers (Fig. not shown).Tall size (ls) windings 5 and 6 of the turbo-generator is made equal to or greater than the inner diameter (d) forming a torus 8 range, with the blades 7 can be made in the form of a semicircle and attached to its flat part on both sides of the ring 9 under each other or offset, prepago pollutor and tor 8 range. Half of the stator can be connected to each other through, for example, a bolted connection with the seal contact surface of the connector. The heater 1 is connected to the turbine through line 15 to education, for example, a closed system. The inlet nozzles 3 can be made in the form of nozzles (Fig. not shown) and are evenly disposed on the average diameter (Dcf.) half or the Torah. The blades 7 can be performed causewayside, and the nozzle is oriented to supply the fluid to the buckets.The device can operate in any position, installed, and operated directly at the point of consumption in different climates and regions, both in stationary and mobile versions.As the fluid may be air or other gases (wind version) or liquid dielectric oil dielectric oil, polybutene, octal and others (hydrodynamic model).To perform the working chamber in the form of half enough not to set an upper part of the torus 8, retaining connector with rolling bearings 12.Device for conversion of the th environment by supplying pipe 15 enters through the inlet pipe 3 or the nozzle (Fig. not shown) in the working chamber and a half or Torah 8 and, acting on the blades 7, causes the rotation of a flat ring 9 of the rotor of the turbogenerator. Thus the kinetic energy of the fluid flow is converted into mechanical energy of rotation of the rotor and generates mechanical power of the turbine generator. The excitation winding 6 of the rotating rotor, driven by a current source, leads to the induction coil 5 of the stator of the electric current supplied to consumers. 1. A device for converting energy of a fluid medium containing the supercharger fluid and a turbine generator having a stator with inlet and outlet connections, an induction coil and an annular working chamber, which has a vane rotor that is associated with the excitation winding, characterized in that the working chamber is in an open top half or hollow torus, and the rotor is in the form of a flat ring with the Windows between the blades, thus winding turbine is placed in the additional annular cavities of the stator with the outer and inner side of the torus, moreover, the stator is made with the connector on the horizontal diameter forming polluter or Thor circle, the ring is placed in the plane of the connector and establish what the source of current through the ring collectors with brushes fixed on both sides of the ring rotor.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the inlet pipe is made in the form of nozzles and evenly spaced at an average diameter of one and a half or Torah.3. The device under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the tall size of the windings of the turbogenerator is made equal to or greater than the internal diameter forming polluter or Thor circle.4. The device under item 1, or 2, or 3, characterized in that the blades are made in the form of a semicircle and attached to its flat part on both sides of the ring under each other or offset, and their diameter is made not less than half the internal diameter forming polluter or Thor circle.5. The device under item 1, or 2, or 3, characterized in that the blades are made bucket.
FIELD: mechanical engineering; power plants.
SUBSTANCE: proposed sealing device for rotor-piston power plant contains stationary ribbed base and movable ribbed platform with flat surface. Rotor-piston rotating in cylinder is in contact with said flat surface. Working medium and pressure pass from working chamber of cylinder into balancing spaces found between ribbed base and ribbed platform through connecting channels in ribbed platform. Pressure on ribbed platform in working chamber is compensated by pressure on ribbed platform from balancing space. Pressing of ribbed platform to rotor-piston is provided by springs arranged between ribbed base and ribbed platform, and it does not change at changes of pressure in working chamber.
EFFECT: improved reliability of sealing.
9 cl, 8 dwg