The wall unit wooden structure and the manufacturing method

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention improves the strength of the connection block with neighboring blocks in the frame, reduce the complexity of manufacture and to reduce the consumption of raw materials due to the fact that the block wall containing the side-and medium-bonded boards and element connections with neighboring blocks in the form of a sheet, at least one secondary Board in combination with one or more side boards forming at least one protrusion on one of the longitudinal sides and the corresponding at least one recess on the opposite side, and at least one protrusion on one of the face sides and the corresponding recess on the opposite side. The feature of the method of manufacture of the unit is that the average Board cut in the same dimensions as the side boards. 2 S. and 4 C.p. f-crystals, 12 ill.

The invention relates to the construction of wooden houses or country houses and similar buildings.

The frame of such houses usually put of round logs or timber. Above the frame erect the roof and in this form for a long time keep it to a log or timber have well dried out and gave shrinkage. Only after that start the sa is a wall unit, contains two side boards connected by spacers, and the space between the boards can be filled with any insulating material (U.S. patent N 4056906, E 04 B 1/10, 1977).

The launch of such a house can be made of blocks, assembled from pre-dried boards and therefore it does not require time to dry and shrink.

The closest analogue to the declared unit is a wall unit, recruited from the package, the same length and width of the plates, at least one of the plates in the package is displaced relative to the other plates as horizontally and vertically with the formation of piles. Plate package made of wood. In addition, in the unit description provides the list of operations for the manufacture of the unit: 1) sorting by length, 2) placement in a special jig, 3) clamp package in the conductor, 4) facing one of the ends of the package to the desired size, 5) drilling holes, 6) razzenkovka holes, 7) driving pins, 8) driving wedges at the ends of the dowels with glue, 9) stacking for drying, 10) pohovka one or two sides. The description also says the unit can be made from waste products, for example, can be used scraps of boards up to half of its method of preparation is that provides for the use of production wastes whose linear dimensions are placed in the linear dimensions of the block elements, which increases the consumption of raw materials, as well as the fact that the bond block elements only pins may not provide sufficient strength, whereby the connecting elements are installed in the through holes, which violates the appearance of the wall.

Objective of the claimed invention is to increase the strength of the connection block elements, reducing the costs of raw materials and reducing the complexity when using it.

The problem is solved in that the block of the wooden structure contains lateral and average fastened with dowels between the boards in the form of the tongue and side and at least one secondary boards bonded together by the adhesive-based in conjunction with dowels. Dowels are installed in blind holes, made of rectangular shape. In the method of manufacture of the unit, including the cutting of the lateral and middle boards in the same size, gouges, manufacture of connecting elements, the offset of the middle of the Board with respect to the side as horizontally and vertically and bond, the average Board is made from a separate scraps of the Ute, and then hollow out blind holes rectangular shape under the dowel.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the block; Fig. 2 is a side view, and Fig. 3 is a top view of Fig. 4-11 - various combinations of the combination of the lateral and middle boards, as well as the forms of their implementation; Fig. 12 - the middle of the Board.

The unit is made in the form of bonded between the side boards 1 and 2 and the average Board 3, while the average Board 3 is displaced relative to the side and stands beyond them: vertically on the value of h, forming a ledge (tongue) 4 and the corresponding recess 5, and a horizontal one - on value "1", forming the protrusion 6 and the corresponding recess 7.

In Fig. 2, 4-9 shows the various combinations of the combination of the lateral and middle boards of rectangular shape. Such combinations can be with side boards semicircular shape. In Fig. 10 and 11 shows the combination with the side boards semicircular shape, imitating the shape of a log.

The side boards 1 and 2 are bonded with the average 3 on the adhesive base, and grooves 9 of rectangular or round shape.

The average Board 3 can be made of individual segments 10, bonded edge-to-edge glue-based.

Example 1. The method of manufacture of the unit. Cutting thickness "C" 45 mm The outer surfaces of the side boards 1 and 2 petrogale, and on the inner mating with an average Board 3, caused the glue. The adhesive was applied also on the mating surface of the middle Board 3. After a ten-minute excerpts established average Board 3 between the side, shifting her against him as horizontally and vertically, with the formation on one of the longitudinal sides of the block protrusion 4 a height h of 30 mm and at one end of the protrusion 6 a size "1" 50 mm

Collected in this form the block pulled under pressure for 10 minutes After the daily videri hollowed rectangular blind hole size 2 x 3 cm and a depth of 110 mm under the dowel, placing them in two rows in staggered increments of 700 mm and Then scored in the dowel holes of corresponding size, pre-lubricated with glue, and handed the unit to the warehouse of finished products.

Example 2. The average production of the Board.

Two trimming a length of 300 mm and one piece of a length of 400 mm coupled ends, previously covering the mating surface of the adhesive. Stand under pressure for 10 minutes, the Board has transferred to the block Assembly.

Thus, the claimed unit increases the strength of the connection with the neighboring blocks in the frame by performing g the TA and its corresponding groove does not require the transfer of a part of the raw materials in the chips, moreover, the average Board can be made from scraps of any length. The unit is easy to transport and build log cabins.

1. The wall unit wooden structure containing lateral and average fastened with dowels between the boards in the form of a sheet, characterized in that the side and at least one secondary boards bonded together by the adhesive-based in conjunction with dowels.

2. The block under item 1, characterized in that the dowel is installed in blind holes.

3. The block under item 1, characterized in that the blind holes for the dowels are made of rectangular shape.

4. The block under item 1, characterized in that at least one of the two side boards has a semicircular shape, imitating the shape of a log.

5. The method of manufacture of the block walls of wooden buildings, including the cutting of the lateral and middle boards in the same size, gouges, manufacture of connecting elements, the offset of the middle of the Board with respect to the side as horizontally and vertically and bond, characterized in that the average Board is made of separate strips, bonded edge-to-edge glue-based.

6. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that the bonded onto the adhesive-based Boko

 

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