Installation with a combo drive and a differential connection (options)

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is used to drive vehicles, vessels, aircraft and other mechanical devices. The internal combustion engine operates in the plant as the primary source of energy of rotation. The electric motor acts as a secondary source of energy of rotation to drive the vehicle. He has the ability to operate in generator mode and to make the rear differential through a managed block clutch. Block clutch regulates the transfer of energy from the internal combustion engine to the rear differential and rotational energy produced by the motor from the rear differential to the front wheels. The Central control unit controls the electric motor in a motor, generator, or off, also regulates the operation of the clutch, when it is included in the circuit in the following modes: internal combustion engine carries out joint drive the front wheels and the rear differential electric motor and the internal combustion engine is jointly drive the front and rear wheels, one motor shall drive the front wheels and rear internal combustion when he shall drive the front wheels, or when the electric motor provides the drive only the rear differential. This increases the efficiency of the engine, reduce the loss, which increases work efficiency. 2 C. and 7 C.p. f-crystals, 2 tab., 7 Il.

The present invention relates to a combined actuator and a differential connection used to drive vehicles, ships, aircraft and other mechanical devices (including industrial equipment).

In recent years, the level of noise and environmental pollution has increased significantly. To reduce pollution it is necessary to improve first of all vehicles. From the point of view of improvement of electric drive vehicles made a little because of the problems associated with the small capacity of the existing batteries. But if you increase the battery capacity will increase energy losses, because it will increase accordingly and the weight of vehicles. This path is not cheap, so is not yet solved technological problems, the best way can be considered the implementation drive vehicles through which trumobile engine used as a generator for charging the battery, which then feeds the electric motor drive the wheels. However, this type of electric vehicle, for example the American GM car refinery, is not efficient enough.

B) Actuator coaxial type. In this type of vehicle is used by connecting the output to the motor axis with the axis of the motor through the clutch, in order to realize the drive of the machine and adjust the speed, as is done in the German VW CHlCO. However, the above-mentioned engine and the electric motor cannot be simultaneously included in the work, i.e. the capacity of one of them can be added to the power of another.

In international publication WO 91/08919, CL VC 6/02, 1991, described power unit for a vehicle comprising a heat engine and the electric motor. When operating a heat engine at low speeds the motor can drive the vehicle, since the drive torque of the electric motor exceeds the load torque of thermal engine. The motor in this unit can replace the starting motor and alternator, as well as to provide an independent run.

In U.S. patent 5120282, CL F16H 37/06, B60K 1/02, 1992, described the energy is al transmission, at least one motor and at least one gear, the internal combustion engine and the electric motor can be connected in parallel, and the motor can operate as a generator, that is, a motor-generator capable of producing an electric current, and drive energy.

In U.S. patent 4562894, CL VC 1/00, 1986, described with a combo drive and a differential compound containing an internal combustion engine acting as a primary source of energy of rotation, the two front wheels of the vehicle, the device of the transfer case and transmission to transfer power to the two front wheels and rear wheels, the Central shaft is transmitted to the rear wheels, rear differential, which serves to transmit motion to the two rear wheels and the electric motor acting as a secondary source of energy of rotation to drive the vehicle. The motor can operate in the modes of the engine and generator, and may also serve to start the internal combustion engine.

The disadvantages of the known installation with a combo drive and a differential connection are its not the new drive and differential connection to drive vehicles, providing increased work efficiency compared to known systems.

The solution of this problem is provided by the fact that the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection includes an internal combustion engine acting as a primary source of energy of rotation, the two front wheels of the vehicle, the device of the transfer case and transmission to transfer power to the two front wheels and rear wheels, the Central shaft is transmitted to the rear wheels, rear differential, which serves to transmit motion to the two rear wheels and the electric motor acting as a secondary source of energy of rotation to drive the vehicle, when this motor is able to operate in generator mode and to make the rear differential through a managed unit clutch located between the Central shaft and rear differential regulation of energy transfer from the internal combustion engine to the rear differential and the energy of rotation produced by the motor from the rear differential on the two front wheels and the rear differential contains driven movement is possible during the rotation of the large gear and in turn carrying the driven rear wheels, and a small gear driven in rotation of the large gear attached to the motor, the rotational movement is obtained in the rear differential, is transmitted to the electric motor, which generates an electrical current, in addition, the system includes a Central control unit including a generator and an electronic solid-state element and regulating the electric motor, generator, or disable, as well as governing unit of the clutch, as in the circuit in modes where the internal combustion engine carries out joint drive the front wheels and the rear differential, or when the electric motor and the internal combustion engine is jointly drive the front and rear wheels, or when the motor one shall drive the front wheels and the rear differential, and disconnected from the circuit when the internal combustion engine carries out drive the front wheels, or when the electric motor provides the drive of the rear differential.

Due to the proposed installation of a managed unit of the clutch and the Central control unit, which regulates the motor and unit cohesion in RA is Shen. This is possible through the control unit to control the motor during its operation as a motor when the coil is energized and as a generator and when it is used to start the internal combustion engine, and use this block to ensure the function of the transmission due to the torque caused by the output current, and to transfer the energy produced to charge the battery due to the difference of the speeds of rotation of the housing with the magnetic field and the rotor during operation of the internal combustion engine in standalone mode. In the charging mode, the control unit produces the comparison of the velocities required to supply the appropriate current to drive the existing load. The internal combustion engine can operate at a constant speed or alter it in such a way as to maintain a higher speed while decreasing the output speed of the working shaft and the electric motor provides this speed difference. Thus, the electric motor provides the battery and transmission connection, it increases the efficiency of the internal combustion engine and reduces the pollution of the surrounding environment. Showimage torque. In such installations it is possible to use separately the energy of the internal combustion engine and a separate motor energy, or the energy and speed of rotation can be folded with each other regardless of the speed ratio. This installation is characterized by their smaller size and lower cost than known.

In the proposed installation of the power coupling can be performed with manual, hydraulic or mechanical actuator and transfer case can be performed with manual or automatic control.

In addition, the motor may be located behind the rear differential.

The solution of this problem is provided by the fact that the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection includes an internal combustion engine acting as a primary source of energy of rotation, the two front wheels of the vehicle, the device of the transfer case and transmission to transfer power to the two front wheels and rear wheels, the Central shaft of the transmission to transmission to the rear wheels, rear differential, attached to the Central shaft of the transmission and serves to transmit motion ansporting means, this motor has a double-shaft structure, and contains a rotating body, creating a magnetic field, and rotating the rotor shafts are respectively connected to the Central shaft of the transmission and the input shaft of the rear differential and the clutch device installed between the rotating body and the rotating rotor of the motor to a mechanical connection, and the installation includes a brake and a control unit that regulates the operation of the clutch and the motor in the motor mode and generator, and the setup is able to run at least one of the following modes:

the internal combustion engine provides the drive of the front wheels, and the motor is not working,

the internal combustion engine one shall drive the rear wheels, the motor operates in the generator mode,

the internal combustion engine carries out joint drive front and rear wheels, and the motor operates in the motor mode,

the motor shall drive the front and rear wheels and operates in the motor mode,

the internal combustion engine one shall drive only the rear wheels, while the device is spruce internal combustion work together as sources of energy drive.

Thanks to the two-shaft design of the motor and the proposed installation of the device of the clutch and brake and the control unit regulates the operation of the clutch and the motor in the motor mode and generator efficiency of a vehicle equipped with this setting, significantly improved. This is possible by the control device operates the motor during its operation as a motor when the coil is energized and as a generator and when it is used to start the internal combustion engine, and to use this device to ensure the function of the transmission due to the torque caused by the output current and to transmit the energy produced to charge the battery due to the difference of the speeds of rotation of the housing with the magnetic field and the rotor during operation of the internal combustion engine in standalone mode. Thus, the electric motor provides the battery and transmission connection, which increases the efficiency of the internal combustion engine and reduces environmental pollution. The motor can operate independently or in conjunction with the engine otdelno energy of the internal combustion engine and a separate motor energy, either of these power and speed of rotation can be folded to each other, and this process does not depend on the speed ratio. This installation is characterized by their smaller size and lower cost than previously known.

In the proposed apparatus, the Central control unit may control the motor through the switching device.

In addition, the proposed installations of the output shaft of the internal combustion engine (or other energy source rotation) is connected to the motor directly or through a gear reducer, belt, chain or clutch. The motor is a electromachine brush or brushless, AC or DC.

Below the invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig.1 depicts a setup with a combo drive and a differential connection, where the differential is used gear device,

Fig.2 depicts the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection is formed by means of an electromagnetic device with two shafts,

Fig.3 depicts the installation of the combined results is driven by the differential connection single-ended single-sided load,

Fig.5 depicts the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection is formed by a series of double gear differentials,

Fig.6 depicts the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection, which is connected with the engine through an auxiliary generator, the moment of resistance of which depends on the load level,

Fig. 6A depicts the installation shown in Fig.6, in which the load is only one output shaft,

Fig.7 depicts the installation with a combo drive and a differential connection, in which the gear of the auxiliary generator is connected to the primary gear of the engine.

In Fig.1 shows a setup with a combo drive and a differential connection, which uses gear differential. In Fig.1 presents the following main part of the installation.

The primary source of energy of rotation R. This is usually an internal combustion engine, but in practice, there are also internal combustion engines, with air and water drive, as well as other sources of energy of rotation. The primary source of energy of rotation is tormont energy of rotation is also the device PC101 power control or speed (for example, the device for changing the flow rate of fuel in the case of an internal combustion engine), which can be a manual drive or a drive unit CCU101 control.

Gear differential 100. It includes a Central gear 101 of the electromagnetic drive device. The differential also has an external ring gear 102 that is located on the shaft of the primary energy source and free circumferential gear 103, which are connected with a coaxial output shaft S104.

The electromagnetic drive unit M101. It has a rotor and a magnetic field and when the work can be used as a motor feeding him energy or as a generator for charging the battery, when the inertia of the installation is converted into electrical energy, or when part of the energy of rotation of the primary source is selected through differential and can be used for charging the battery. This device, as well as external load together are consumers of engine power. By adjusting the supplied battery power this device can adjust the difference between the speeds of the shafts of the primary energy source and the load, especially when the primary energy source is the engine. Thus, the engine can work better and to exercise control is ignitee device is used as a DC generator through the use of inertia of external load when braking, or can be used a mechanical brake W located between the housing of the electromagnetic device and its rotor. Electromagnetic device with a spinning rotor is a generator, which has a permanent magnetic field or field induced by the coil, and the rotor with nemagnitnym iron core or coils and the moving conductive ring, which has a sequential or multiple shunt winding and is a brushless synchronous generator or alternator with step excitation.

Control D101 electromagnetic drive device. It can receive commands from unit CCU101 energy supply for control voltage and the discharge current and the charge between the electromagnetic drive unit and the battery and control the output current of the armature. The electromagnetic drive unit also provides magnetic braking of the rotor.

Battery VT - any type of rechargeable battery, which can realize the accumulation and distribution of electricity.

Output shaft S103 provides output torque to drive the load. If necessary, attached the brake Us brake 103.

Unit CCU101 performed on integrated circuits, includes elements of the generator and is designed for manual or automatic control installation in accordance with the procedures presented in the table. 1, 2.

The operating modes table. 1, 2 include the following modes:

F1-A F1-B F1-C F1-D: the unit operates at low output load.

F2: the unit operates with battery power, the electromagnetic drive unit operates at a load in electric mode.

F3: the unit operates with the participation of the engine and together with the electromagnetic drive device in the discharge of the battery in order to achieve high output power.

F4: the unit operates in the mode of perception of the mechanical energy of the inertia of the load, the electromagnetic drive device operates as a generator and recharges the battery.

F5: setup mode of the electromagnetic drive device from the engine battery. While working in this mode may be determined automatically.

F6: electromagnetic drive device is operating in electric mode, consuming battery energy, and is used to start the engine.

Aya using biaxial electromagnetic drive device.

The output shaft of the internal combustion engine is directly connected to the input shaft of the electromagnetic drive device via the output shaft of the internal combustion engine or via a gear transmission, a belt, a chain or clutch. The electromagnetic drive unit has a two-shaft design, the shafts of which are respectively connected with the rotating body, and generate a magnetic field and a rotating rotor with the ability to control the control device and to perform the functions of the motor upon receipt of an electric current, it can also be used to generate electricity and the function of the transmission as a result in the issuance of the torque current resistance or start the engine and to perceive the energy of inertia during deceleration of the load, when the engine is offline or when the engine operates in conjunction with an electromagnetic device for driving a load. When the engine is running standalone, it can be used as the transmission device, and the connection of the rotating body, creating a magnetic field with the rotor, can be magnetic, hydraulic or mechanical, and the rotation of the motor shaft can pereh">

Engine P201 internal combustion engines running on gasoline, diesel fuel, alcohol, gas or hydrogen.

The primary output shaft S202 internal combustion engine.

The connecting device 203: it can be flat flange connection, the usual clutch or any other connection type axis-axis or coaxial.

The rotating body 204 that generates a magnetic field of the electromagnetic drive device M. This mechanical design with bearing support and connection with the output shaft of the engine by means of a connecting device 203. The connection can be done directly or via a transmission, for example using a gear reducer or belt or chain transmission.

Exciting the magnetic coil 205, the managed unit CCU221 and fed with current, the polarity and magnitude of which is controlled through the inlet ring or other supply current of the device. It is part of the alternating or direct current with a constant magnetic field or brushless, synchronous or differential generator.

The insulating housing 206 supply current brush.

The base 207 of the brush device.

The rotor 211. It can be an anchor-Converter and a cylindrical armature DC with a normal coil and the iron core teeth, or to have a printed diagram or any other structure used in generators, AC or DC. If the brushless design, it may contain a permanent magnet.

Output shaft S212 anchor rotor.

The sleeve 213, isolating the supply current of the ring.

Ring 214, which brings the current to the armature winding of the magnetic field and diverts current from them, and which accordingly is connected with brushes and with both ends of the coil, the exciting magnetic field. If the design of brushless, brush, and seats for brushes may be missing.

Brush 215 in contact with the inlet ring.

Seat 216 brush.

Insulator 217 seats brushes.

Magnetic brake W output shaft of the internal combustion engine. It is connected with the shaft by means of keys or pins and applies the brakes when supply of energy. It can be samanea shaft of the electromagnetic drive device. It is connected with the shaft by means of pins or dowels and applies the brakes when supply of energy. It can be replaced with mechanical brake with manual, air or oil driven.

Battery WT. It may be the battery of any type, which allow the charge and discharge or fuel cell stack.

Generator TG1 feedback, which is the speed sensor of the engine. It is installed, if necessary, to the output shaft of the engine and generates analog or digital signal proportional to the speed of rotation of the shaft in the electric or magnetic effect. It can also be connected via Overdrive gear transmission.

Generator TG2 controlling the speed of rotation of the output shaft. It is installed, if necessary, to the output shaft of the armature or on the driven gear, when the shaft speed is above the speed driven gear. It produces an analog or digital signal proportional to the speed of rotation of the shaft in the electric or magnetic effect.

The Central unit CCU221 management consists of switches, potentiometers, photoelectric sensors, microcomputer, including the driven magnetic, hydraulic or mechanical drive. When the clutch is turned off (OFF position), the magnetic field and the rotor rotate each other when the clutch is in the ON position, the rotating body, creating a magnetic field, and the rotor become tightly bound to each other.

Other assistive devices include regulator fuel into the engine, which is installed if necessary, and using feedback provided by the tachometer generator TG1, allows you to operate the engine at a constant speed under different load level. Auxiliary generator can be AC or DC and to receive drive from the engine via a belt or other gear transmission. The voltage Converter controls the generator and maintains a constant voltage of the battery at different engine operating modes.

In Fig. 3 shows a setup with a combo drive and a differential connection with cascading load.

In Fig.3 shows the following main elements.

The source 300 primary energy of rotation of the internal combustion engine.

Load W301 - two block front wheels or other load.

the manual or automatic transmission for a traditional front-wheel-diagrams). In addition to front load has a shaft spider S301 demonstration of the power transmission to the rear wheels (similar to the shaft, is expressed in the schema with four driving wheels). It is characterized by the presence of the managed side clutch CL301 located between the Central shaft and the rear gear differential, thereby to transmit torque from the primary energy source of rotation to the rear differential or the rear differential on front-wheel drive, or to Supplement the torque of a single torque of the other. The clutch may be manual, hydraulic, mechanical or electromagnetic drive.

Rear gear differential 310 includes a small gear 301 which receives torque from the power clutch and transmits it to the big gear 302, which is connected to the two differential gears 323, 324, which are respectively connected with the output gears 303, 304 and load W310, W311, driven in rotation by respective shafts. Big gear 302 is engaged with two small gears associated with two sources of energy. Front low gear 301 transmits the torque from the primary energy source through the block clutch CL301, small gear 305. the drive unit M made in the form of a drive motor, with the anchor DC or AC connected to the small gear 305, which is engaged with a large gear 302 gear differential. If the engine is selected electromachine, able to perceive the mechanical energy to rotate and convert it into electrical energy, then it can serve as a damping device when the reproduction power. The device M has the peculiarity consists in the fact that the smaller the load, the greater the speed of rotation. By design, this generator AC or DC brush or brushless with the current change in accordance with the load level, providing the following mode F14, when to increase torque both sources of energy are working together.

The Central unit CCU301 control includes a generator and a solid state electronic elements and controls the level of the load state of the fuel regulator) and the state of the drive (speed) in order to control the electromagnetic driving device for inclusion in a generator mode or a motor or disable. Block CCU301 also manages the block clutch CL301.

System in addition to the od of the front wheels, at this point, the block CL301 is disabled.

F12 is the primary source of energy shall drive the front wheels and at the same time, transmits torque to the rear differential, block CL301 is disabled.

F13 is the primary energy source transmits torque only the rear differential unit CL301 is disabled, the mechanism M driving the front wheels off.

F14 - electromagnetic drive unit M and the primary source of energy shall drive the entire load block CL301 is enabled.

F15 - electromagnetic drive unit M transfers torque to the rear differential unit CL301 is disabled.

F16 - electromagnetic drive unit M transmits rotation to the gear differential and the drive mechanism of the front wheels, the block CL301 is enabled.

In Fig. 3A presents another variant of the above construction. Instead of two output shafts of the rear gear differential has one. The device M with one side attached to the output shaft gear of the differential, on the other to the load. In this case, the installation is similar to the installation shown in Fig.2, but in addition in order damping is used reversals V to control the rotation of the shaft load. In this case, the coupling between the Central shaft and the differential may be missing. The device M and brake V controlled using a block CCU302 and when changing direction rear-wheel drive plays the role of a front.

In Fig.4 presents the design of the setup with a combo drive and a differential connection with cascading load. The primary source of energy of rotation shall drive front load and causes the rotation of one of the shafts of the electromagnetic drive device, the other shaft which is connected with the rear load through a transmission device or gear differential.

In Fig.4 presents the following elements:

The primary source 400 energy or the internal combustion engine.

Front load W401 or two front wheels and, accordingly, the loads resulting from ground motion, or other load.

The device M Central transfer case, transmission and transmission on the front load (including automatic or manual transmission, the traditional front-wheel-diagrams). In addition to front load has a shaft S401 is transmitted to the rear to probleemiga block W clutch, located between the Central shaft and the housing of the front axle, thus, to be managed by the unit CCU401.

The electromagnetic drive unit M has a two-shaft design that includes a rotating body that creates the magnetic field and the rotating rotor shafts are respectively connected to the Central shaft of the transmission and the input shaft of the rear gear differential 401, thus, to perform a differential drive on both sides. The device CL402 clutch driven unit CCU401, installed between the rotating body, and generate a magnetic field and a rotating rotor, and allows their mechanical connection.

Electromagnetic device characterized by the fact that the smaller the load, the greater the speed. The design represents the electromachine serial or multiple winding or controlled current generator AC or DC, brush or brushless, with change driven currents in accordance with the load level, providing the following mode F14, when to increase torque both sources of energy are working together. Management carried out the operator, it also manages the device D401 switching in accordance with the program and the operational status of the primary source 400 energy of rotation.

Installation in addition to the above can have the following modes:

F21 is the primary source of energy of rotation shall drive front load, electromagnetic drive unit M does not work.

F22 is the primary source of energy of rotation shall drive only the rear of the load, the electromagnetic drive unit operates in the mode of energy generation device CL402 enabled, the drive M on the front wheels off.

F23 is the primary source of energy of rotation shall drive the front and rear load at the same time, the electromagnetic drive unit M operates in electric mode.

F24 is the primary energy source rotation carries the rear wheels, an electromagnetic device operates in electric mode, the brake W included.

F25 - electromagnetic drive unit operates the actuator on the front and back load and running in electric mode.

In Fig. 5 shows a setup with a combo drive and differential>The first gear of the differential is driven by the input shaft, the second gear of the differential is driven by the electromagnetic drive device M. The rotation of the output shaft depends on the difference in rotational speeds of the two drive gears and, furthermore, the output shaft has a differential output.

The device includes the following elements:

The primary source R energy of rotation is the internal combustion engine or any other source of energy for the rotation.

Input shaft S501. It is connected with the shaft of the primary energy source of rotation and drives the small gear 502 and included it engages a large gear 503.

Big gear 503 is driven low gear 502 and rotates the frame 530 with the axes of rotation of the differential gears 504, 505 of the first stage differential, which together result in rotation of the gear 506 of the second stage differential in accordance with the difference in the velocities of the gears 504, 505.

The second differential gear 506 is connected with the second great input gear 507, which engages with the second low input gear 508, receiving the right or left rotation of power the magnetic drive unit M, which works in this case as a generator.

Differential gear 510 by using the frame 531 causes the rotation of the differential gear 511, 512 of the second stage differential gear and then the gear 513, 514 associated with the output shafts S515, S516 to provide a differential output.

The electromagnetic drive unit M characterized by the fact that the smaller the load, the greater the speed. By design, this generator with serial or multiple winding or controlled current generator AC or DC, brush or brushless. In order to increase torque, it is equipped with a brake CL519, which can be in an enabled or disabled state.

Brake B is in a stationary casing installation at the inlet end of the primary energy source between the large gear 503 and the housing 500.

The device D517 switching receives commands from the device CCU520 control and switches the electromagnetic drive device of an electric motor or generator, or by regulating the current between the battery BT and electromagnetic driving device M helps to increase the torque on the load or by upravleniekrovlia drive device.

The Central unit CCU520 management consists of a generator and a solid-state electronic elements and sets the load level (for example, the state of the fuel regulator) and drive status (e.g., rotational speed) in order to control electromagnetic device for inclusion in a generator mode or a motor or turn it off. Block CCU520 enables or disables the brake device CL519 and V in the following cases.

1. The electromagnetic drive unit operates at a load or works in generator mode during braking load, at this time, the brake W included.

2. The primary source of energy of rotation causes the load in the rotation, at this time, the brake CL301 is enabled.

3. The primary source of energy of rotation and an electromagnetic drive unit work load at this time, the brake B and brake CL301 is turned off.

In Fig. 6 shows the setup with a combo drive and a differential connection, which is connected with the engine through the auxiliary electrical machine, the moment of resistance of which depends on the load level. The device is characterized by the fact that the smaller the load, the more tempered by a series of grooves, shunt slots, or current control, including management of direct current and with the change in accordance with the load level.

The installation includes the following elements:

The source of energy of rotation is made in the form of a motor or other source of energy. Between him and the input shaft S601 is the coupling device or other gear the transmission is made with the possibility off.

Input shaft S601 receives the rotation from the engine or other source of energy of rotation, and a small gear 602 is engaged with a large gear 603.

Input large gear 603 is included with gears 605, 615 differential gear and a small gear 604, which receives rotational energy from the device M.

The left gear 606 differential transmits rotation to the left output shaft S608.

The right gear 607 differential transmits rotation to the right output shaft S609.

Auxiliary generator M associated with the switching device D611, which is controlled from the unit CCU620 and provides in accordance with the working conditions of the following functions.

1. Battery VT delivers energy to the electromagnetic drive unit.

>3. Idle mode. The device is characterized by the fact that the smaller the load, the greater the speed. Structurally, this generator AC or DC, brush or brushless with increasing current in accordance with the load level to increase torque.

The device D611 switching is controlled by the block CCU620 and consists of elements of the generator and electronic circuits.

Block CCU620 gives control commands to the device D611 in accordance with the General installation tasks and work conditions (rotation speed, fuel consumption and so on).

Battery VT - any type of battery that can implement the processes of charge and discharge.

Thanks to this performance, this setting is more useful and more efficient installation with a combined energy source. The electromagnetic drive unit can be attached to the primary shaft of the motor, and by means of transmission elements it can operate in the following modes.

The primary energy source is off (clutch or transmission is turned off). The electromagnetic drive device consumes battery power and operates in the motor mode.

P is used to control power and more torque.

The primary source rotates the electromagnetic drive device that is not connected to load.

Additionally, the device performs the following functions.

If an external load is small or there is a need to reduce the speed of the auxiliary generator provides power for battery and plays the role of a mechanical damper. Output load unit can be driven in rotation of the output shaft as shown in Fig.6A. Here is a design that is different from that presented in Fig.6 so that the output load is driven by a single shaft and a large gear 603 is directly connected with the input shaft S601, the primary differential gear is missing, and the auxiliary generator M uses the second small gear 604 to connect with a large gear 603.

In addition, as shown in Fig. 7 in the plant can be used gear connection of the output shaft of the primary source of power to the shaft of the auxiliary electrical machinery, which forms thus a setup with a combo drive and a differential connection. Between the engine R and large output gear has a block CL705 Stephania clutch and output shaft S707 disabled auxiliary electromachine can start the engine or motor may rotate the shaft electrical machinery, using it as a generator for charging the battery. The installation has device D711 switching managed using block CCU720 and control electromachine. It includes elements of electric machines and solid-state electronic circuits. The unit has also block CCU620, which issues control signals to the switch D611 in accordance with the tasks of installing and operating conditions (speed, fuel consumption, and others). The unit has a rechargeable battery VT, which may accumulate and expend energy; it may be the battery of any type capable of charge and discharge.

The plant is equipped with auxiliary electromachine M, characterized in that the smaller the load, the greater the speed. Structurally it is a machine with a serial or multiple winding, or control current machine AC or DC, brush or brushless, with increasing current in accordance with the load level to increase torque, and has a gear 703 connected to a large gear 704.

Installation is moving with a combined power plant. Presented on Fig.1-7, designs illustrate various forms of execution of the proposed facility with a combo drive and a differential connection. For practical use can be selected from any suitable part.

1. Installation with a combo drive and a differential compound containing an internal combustion engine acting as a primary source of energy of rotation, the two front wheels of the vehicle, the device of the transfer case and transmission to transfer power to the two front wheels and rear wheels, the Central shaft is transmitted to the rear wheels, rear differential, which serves to transmit motion to the two rear wheels and the electric motor acting as a secondary source of energy of rotation to drive the vehicle, characterized in that the motor is able to operate in generator mode and to make the rear differential through a managed block clutch located between the Central shaft and rear differential regulation of energy transfer from the internal combustion engine to the rear differential gear and the rotation energy of generated electricity is the movement of the Central shaft gear and driven it during the rotation of the large gear, two differential gears, driven in rotation of the large gear and in turn engaged the drive each rear wheel and a small gear driven in rotation of the large gear attached to the motor, the rotational movement is obtained in the rear differential, is transmitted to the electric motor, which generates an electrical current, and the system includes a Central control unit including a generator and an electronic solid-state element and regulating the electric motor, generator, or disable, as well as governing unit of the clutch, as in the circuit in two modes: when the internal combustion engine carries out joint drive the front wheels and the rear differential, or when the electric motor and the internal combustion engine is jointly drive the front and rear wheels, or when the motor one shall drive the front wheels and the rear differential, and disconnected from the circuit when the internal combustion engine provides the drive only the front wheels or when the electric motor provides the drive only the rear differential.

2. Installation under item 1, ex is the unit clutch is made with a hydraulic drive.

4. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the AC clutch is made with a mechanical drive.

5. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that the transfer case is made with manual control.

6. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that the transfer case is made with automatic control.

7. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that the electric motor is located behind the rear differential.

8. Installation with a combo drive and a differential compound containing an internal combustion engine acting as a primary source of energy of rotation, the two front wheels of the vehicle, the device of the transfer case and transmission to transfer power to the two front wheels and rear wheels, the Central shaft of the transmission to transmission to the rear wheels, rear differential, attached to the Central shaft of the transmission and serves to transmit motion to the two rear wheels and the electric motor acting as a secondary source of energy of rotation to drive the vehicle, wherein the motor has a double-shaft structure, and contains a rotating body, create the hurt and the input shaft of the rear differential, and the clutch device installed between the rotating body and the rotating rotor of the motor to a mechanical connection, and the installation includes a brake and a control unit,

regulating operation of the clutch and the motor in the motor mode and generator, and the setup is able to run at least one of the following modes: internal combustion engine provides the drive of the front wheels, and the motor is not running, the internal combustion engine one shall drive the rear wheels, the electric motor works as a generator, the internal combustion engine carries out joint drive front and rear wheels, and the motor operates in the motor mode, the electric motor provides the drive front and rear wheels and operates in the motor mode, the internal combustion engine one shall drive only the rear wheels, when the coupling device is enabled, the motor operates in the motor mode, the electric motor and the internal combustion engine work together as sources of energy drive.

9. Installation under item 8, characterized in that the Central control unit re is

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to engineering, and more particularly to a method of controlling the speed of the shafts and actuators can be used, for example, in the design of the car instead of the standard manual gearbox

Differential drive // 2064105
The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used to drive aircraft systems

Reducer // 2049285
The invention relates to the field of engineering, namely gears for messages rotational motion, and can be used as a reducer for the turbo-drill

The invention relates to reductionstrategy and can be used for power transmission from the drive shaft through the reduction gear on two coaxial output shafts

Car // 2123437

The invention relates to the field of automotive industry and is intended to improve the performance of the car (A.), mostly cars and buses, due to energy recovery And staying

The invention relates to the automotive industry, and concerns the means providing adjustment of the engine and devices, accumulating energy, to the modes of operation of the vehicle

The invention relates to a transport engineering

Car // 2100217
The invention relates to the automotive industry
Motor vehicle // 2090381

The invention relates to a method and apparatus of driving and braking diesel-electric vehicles

Hydride power set // 2264307

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in design of hybrid power set and electromechanical drive. Proposed power set contains source-energy accumulator connected with several inverted machines through control system, source-accumulator of mechanical energy, one or several drive wheels on which brake system is mounted. At least one of electric machines is installed in set housing for rotating stator and rotor. Rotor can be mechanically connected with source-accumulator of mechanical energy, and stator, with one or several drive wheels.

EFFECT: simplified design, increased efficiency of operation of recuperator.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles accumulating energy in flywheel. Proposed bicycle has drive connected with drive wheel 2 and with flywheel 8 with spring suspension 19 to press flywheel 8 to drive wheel 2. Drive wheel 2 is installed by flanges 6 on bearings 7 of frame 1, and flywheel 8 is installed on two-arm pendulum 10 inside drive wheel 2 for pressing flywheel 8 to inner surface of rim 3 of wheel 2.

EFFECT: provision of transmission of storage energy from flywheel to drive wheel periodically through short lapses of time.

13 cl, 7 dwg

Hybrid car drive // 2297924

FIELD: automotive industry; ecologically clean hybrid cars.

SUBSTANCE: proposed drive of hybrid car includes internal combustion engine, electric motor, storage battery and driving wheels. Two electromagnetic clutches are provided. Input shaft of first with shaft of internal combustion engine, and output shaft, with electric motor. Input shaft of second clutch is connected with electric motor, and clutch is connected with electric, motor, and output shaft, with driving wheel. System is provided to control drive operating modes by signals of speed meters on shaft of internal combustion engine, electric motor and driving wheels.

EFFECT: simplified design, reduced cost of hybrid car.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains heat engine contains and reversible electric machine, conversion unit, power accumulation unit and transmission. Transmission includes receiving-and-distributing device for distributing separate or summed up power flows of heat engine and reversible electric machine between driving axles of vehicle. Receiving-and-distributing device contains housing, rear axle drive shaft and front axle drive shaft and front axle drive shaft arranged in housing on different axles, and transfer mechanism. Said receiving-and-distributing device is made for changing gear ratio of transmission and it is provided with shafts to receive power flows from heat engine and reversible electric machine. Shafts of axle drive are independent from power flow receiving shafts. All shafts are furnished with connecting members to provide coupling of shafts either directly or through transfer mechanism.

EFFECT: simplified design of system transmitting power heat engine and/or reversible electric machine to drive axles (one of drive axles), increased efficiency of transmission.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed power plant of gas-turbine locomotive with regeneration of heat contains gas-turbine engine with compressor, combustion chamber and turbine connected by gas duct with free turbine after which regenerative heat exchanger is mounted. Output of regenerative heat exchanger is connected through steam turbine and heat exchanger-condenser with water tank. Heat exchanger-condenser is installed in fuel main line after fuel pump. Turbine is provided with air cooling system of nozzle assembly and turbine wheel which includes air supply pipe from behind compressor, and deflector on turbine disk.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved reliability of power plant.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Up!