The way to move bulk damageable goods on the conveyor of the loading machine and the mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is used for loading bulk break cargo of potatoes, carrots, apples and other fruits. The method consists in the fact that the cargo is moved at an angle to the horizon under the action of pressure effort inclined tray of the machine. To load additional impact forces backwater movable trays, forming an inclined base to move cargo. The mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods contains the drive chain downshift, cranks and connecting rods, front short tray, loosely based front end on the floor, and the upper end attached to the rack chassis. Mechanism with a movable trays that are installed one behind the other along the line of lift offset lower ends of the trays with this line down and to the side of the previous tray, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones. The technical result consists in the distribution of the driving force along the length of the lifting. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular for loading agricultural machines. Loading machine with the offer is Ahaziah to overload the loose potatoes, carrots, apples and other fruits.

A device for loading bulk damageable goods with oscillating tilting tray.with. USSR N 1751123, IPC B 65 G 65/02, 1992). The lower end of the tray makes a reciprocating motion in the bulk of the cargo, and the top moves along the arc of a circle, the chord of which is parallel to the pipeline. The movement of goods on the tray at the expense of the power dam embankment cargo equal to the pressure force of the truck. This unit is adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantage of this method, implemented in this technical solution, is the dependence of the length of the tray from the diameter of the driven drum of the conveyor and the installation height. When increasing the length of the tray, the device loses its functionality, since the work of friction forces cargo tray becomes more work driving forces. Another disadvantage of this method is that the swing tray at the time of implementation in barrow have significant reactive load transmitted to the entire loading device.

The invention aims to remedy these disadvantages. This is achieved by the distribution of the driving force along the length of the lifting, which is the technical result of the invention.

The movement of goods proposed method is illustrated in Fig. 1 and 2. In Fig. 1 shows the system tray, forming an inclined base to move cargo. All the system tray is associated with a loading machine and moves together with it with the velocity (Vm> 0). The movement of the load on the second tray is carried out under the force of backwater of the first tray arising from the difference of their velocities (V1> V2). Similarly, there are the forces of backwater cargo on the third and subsequent trays.

In Fig. 2 shows a system tray during movement of the trays 2, 3, 4 in the opposite direction. Moves cargo on the first tray with the second load. The third and fourth trays cargo is scattered across the entire length of the tray under the action of inertia forces and its own weight.

Offers msob, containing the drive shaft from the driven drum of the conveyor, including cranks and connecting rods, and front short inclined tray, loosely based front end on the floor or ground, characterized in that the mechanism is equipped with a number of additional trays installed movably to each other along the line of lift offset lower ends of the trays from this line down and to the side of the previous trays overlap, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones the scenes, with the sliders installed on the stationary side guides on line lifting, and the scenes are connected with the corresponding rocker stones increase in the average radius of swing of these stones to achieve greater progress and speed sliders and associated trays and pivotally interconnected rods with the education system the scenes, pivotally connected to a crank drive, which has a lower chain drive, front and short inclined chute upper end pivotally attached to the rack chassis loading machine.

The mechanism for moving bulk cargo on the conveyor loading machine illustrated in Fig. 3, 4, 5.

In Fig. 3 shows the mechanism in extreme PR is evom position, the system tray is shortened (compressed).

In Fig. 5 shows the mechanism at the top in the leftmost position. The mechanism includes: front (intake) inclined tray 1 resting on the floor or ground, attached to the top end hinged to the rack 2 chassis, movable trays 3, slide 4, pivotally connected with the upper ends of the movable trays, inclined guides of the slide 5, the rocker stones 6 installed on the same axes as the sliders and wings, listed under number 7, the rack wings 8, the thrust of the wings 9, the guides 10, supporting rollers movable trays. The drive mechanism includes a chain drive 11 from the driven shaft of the drum 12 of the conveyor 13 (conveyor belt), the shaft of the cranks 14, cranks 15, the connecting rods 16. The mechanism is in front of the wheels 17, and in the end device joining loading machine (not shown).

The mechanism and the process of moving cargo from Nabal is as follows.

When you enable the conveyor to the work of the rotational movement of the driven drum 12 of the conveyor 13 is transmitted wings 7 conversion in swinging with decreasing speed by reducing chain drive 11, cranks rods 15 and 16. The scenes, which are interconnected by rods 9, with the una 4, mounted on the axes of the trays. Under the influence of the stones glide on the wings, and the slide on inclined guides 5, carrying trays. The upper end of each tray is moved along the guide rails, and the lower end slides over the guide rollers 10. At the same angle of sweep of wings, each of another pair of wings in the direction of the line of ascent provides greater speed and speed sliders and associated trays than the previous due to the increase of the mean radius of swing of the stones.

Loading machine constantly pushing goods. Under the action of pressure efforts machines and backwater arising from Nabal, the load overcomes the front short inclined chute and is supplied to the first movable tray. According to it the cargo is moving in the course of the tray from the conveyor when exposed to lock the front end of the tray. When filling the first movable tray cargo arrives at the second movable tray. The process of moving cargo on this and on other trays is the same as on the first rolling tray. After filling in all the trays of the cargo arrives on the conveyor.

1. The way to move bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine, namely, Rus additional impact forces backwater drawers, installed one behind the other with overlapping lower ends of each tray and the formation of the inclined base to move cargo and performs synchronous reciprocating movement in the direction of the line of the stroke, while the speed of movement of each successive tray more speed previous.

2. The mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine containing the drive shaft from the driven drum of the conveyor, including cranks and cranks and front short inclined tray, loosely based front end on the floor or ground, characterized in that the mechanism is equipped with a number of additional trays installed movably to each other along the line of ascent offset lower ends of the trays from this line down and to the side of the previous trays overlap, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones wings, when the sliders are installed on the stationary side guides along the line of the lifting, and the scenes are connected with the corresponding rocker stones with increasing radius of the swing of these stones to achieve greater progress and speed sliders and associated trays in the direction of lifting and story has a lower chain drive, moreover, the front short inclined chute upper end pivotally attached to the rack chassis loading machine.

 

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