The way to move bulk damageable goods on the conveyor of the loading machine and the mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine
(57) Abstract:The invention is used for loading bulk break cargo of potatoes, carrots, apples and other fruits. The method consists in the fact that the cargo is moved at an angle to the horizon under the action of pressure effort inclined tray of the machine. To load additional impact forces backwater movable trays, forming an inclined base to move cargo. The mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods contains the drive chain downshift, cranks and connecting rods, front short tray, loosely based front end on the floor, and the upper end attached to the rack chassis. Mechanism with a movable trays that are installed one behind the other along the line of lift offset lower ends of the trays with this line down and to the side of the previous tray, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones. The technical result consists in the distribution of the driving force along the length of the lifting. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular for loading agricultural machines. Loading machine with the offer is Ahaziah to overload the loose potatoes, carrots, apples and other fruits.A device for loading bulk damageable goods with oscillating tilting tray.with. USSR N 1751123, IPC B 65 G 65/02, 1992). The lower end of the tray makes a reciprocating motion in the bulk of the cargo, and the top moves along the arc of a circle, the chord of which is parallel to the pipeline. The movement of goods on the tray at the expense of the power dam embankment cargo equal to the pressure force of the truck. This unit is adopted for the prototype.The disadvantage of this method, implemented in this technical solution, is the dependence of the length of the tray from the diameter of the driven drum of the conveyor and the installation height. When increasing the length of the tray, the device loses its functionality, since the work of friction forces cargo tray becomes more work driving forces. Another disadvantage of this method is that the swing tray at the time of implementation in barrow have significant reactive load transmitted to the entire loading device.The invention aims to remedy these disadvantages. This is achieved by the distribution of the driving force along the length of the lifting, which is the technical result of the invention.The movement of goods proposed method is illustrated in Fig. 1 and 2. In Fig. 1 shows the system tray, forming an inclined base to move cargo. All the system tray is associated with a loading machine and moves together with it with the velocity (Vm> 0). The movement of the load on the second tray is carried out under the force of backwater of the first tray arising from the difference of their velocities (V1> V2). Similarly, there are the forces of backwater cargo on the third and subsequent trays.In Fig. 2 shows a system tray during movement of the trays 2, 3, 4 in the opposite direction. Moves cargo on the first tray with the second load. The third and fourth trays cargo is scattered across the entire length of the tray under the action of inertia forces and its own weight.Offers msob, containing the drive shaft from the driven drum of the conveyor, including cranks and connecting rods, and front short inclined tray, loosely based front end on the floor or ground, characterized in that the mechanism is equipped with a number of additional trays installed movably to each other along the line of lift offset lower ends of the trays from this line down and to the side of the previous trays overlap, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones the scenes, with the sliders installed on the stationary side guides on line lifting, and the scenes are connected with the corresponding rocker stones increase in the average radius of swing of these stones to achieve greater progress and speed sliders and associated trays and pivotally interconnected rods with the education system the scenes, pivotally connected to a crank drive, which has a lower chain drive, front and short inclined chute upper end pivotally attached to the rack chassis loading machine.The mechanism for moving bulk cargo on the conveyor loading machine illustrated in Fig. 3, 4, 5.In Fig. 3 shows the mechanism in extreme PR is evom position, the system tray is shortened (compressed).In Fig. 5 shows the mechanism at the top in the leftmost position. The mechanism includes: front (intake) inclined tray 1 resting on the floor or ground, attached to the top end hinged to the rack 2 chassis, movable trays 3, slide 4, pivotally connected with the upper ends of the movable trays, inclined guides of the slide 5, the rocker stones 6 installed on the same axes as the sliders and wings, listed under number 7, the rack wings 8, the thrust of the wings 9, the guides 10, supporting rollers movable trays. The drive mechanism includes a chain drive 11 from the driven shaft of the drum 12 of the conveyor 13 (conveyor belt), the shaft of the cranks 14, cranks 15, the connecting rods 16. The mechanism is in front of the wheels 17, and in the end device joining loading machine (not shown).The mechanism and the process of moving cargo from Nabal is as follows.When you enable the conveyor to the work of the rotational movement of the driven drum 12 of the conveyor 13 is transmitted wings 7 conversion in swinging with decreasing speed by reducing chain drive 11, cranks rods 15 and 16. The scenes, which are interconnected by rods 9, with the una 4, mounted on the axes of the trays. Under the influence of the stones glide on the wings, and the slide on inclined guides 5, carrying trays. The upper end of each tray is moved along the guide rails, and the lower end slides over the guide rollers 10. At the same angle of sweep of wings, each of another pair of wings in the direction of the line of ascent provides greater speed and speed sliders and associated trays than the previous due to the increase of the mean radius of swing of the stones.Loading machine constantly pushing goods. Under the action of pressure efforts machines and backwater arising from Nabal, the load overcomes the front short inclined chute and is supplied to the first movable tray. According to it the cargo is moving in the course of the tray from the conveyor when exposed to lock the front end of the tray. When filling the first movable tray cargo arrives at the second movable tray. The process of moving cargo on this and on other trays is the same as on the first rolling tray. After filling in all the trays of the cargo arrives on the conveyor. 1. The way to move bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine, namely, Rus additional impact forces backwater drawers, installed one behind the other with overlapping lower ends of each tray and the formation of the inclined base to move cargo and performs synchronous reciprocating movement in the direction of the line of the stroke, while the speed of movement of each successive tray more speed previous.2. The mechanism for moving bulk damageable goods on the conveyor loading machine containing the drive shaft from the driven drum of the conveyor, including cranks and cranks and front short inclined tray, loosely based front end on the floor or ground, characterized in that the mechanism is equipped with a number of additional trays installed movably to each other along the line of ascent offset lower ends of the trays from this line down and to the side of the previous trays overlap, the upper ends of movable trays pivotally connected with the slide and rocker stones wings, when the sliders are installed on the stationary side guides along the line of the lifting, and the scenes are connected with the corresponding rocker stones with increasing radius of the swing of these stones to achieve greater progress and speed sliders and associated trays in the direction of lifting and story has a lower chain drive, moreover, the front short inclined chute upper end pivotally attached to the rack chassis loading machine.
Known conveyor-loader TCC-30 of the pick-up TLC-30 designed for these purposes, containing the receiving and shipping conveyors mounted on a frame with swivel wheels 
The disadvantage of this device is the complexity of the design and inconvenience in operation due to pick-up that should be put in place of the receiving conveyor at an unloading products
FIELD: automated vehicle control means adapted to be used in underground environment and vehicle control methods.
SUBSTANCE: control method involves determining vehicle route from distances between vehicle and mine wall measured by means of vehicle sensors, angular vehicle velocity and left and right vehicle wheels or caterpillar velocities, as well as vehicle acceleration with the use of controller to direct vehicle to the nearest route point. Control system has distance and angular position measuring means to determine position of movable bridge conveyer 10 and angular position of associated face chain conveyers 30. Electronic controller receives input data from each sensor at each movable bridge conveyer 10 to calculate position and direction of bridge conveyer 10 and face chain conveyers 30. Controller plans optimal movement route and calculates speed of each independently acting caterpillar unit of bridge conveyer.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of conveyer system position determination.
16 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: working member of loading machine includes fixed chute (1) and installed in it on frame (2) reciprocating from hydraulic cylinder (3) interconnected actuating elements (4) in the form rolls. Driving roll (5) is equipped with freewheel clutches (6, 7) in the form of gear wheels (8) engaging with racks (9, 10) mounted on tray. One of racks (9) is installed with possibility to rotate driving roll in direction of material transportation during forward running and the other rack (10) - during reverse running. Rolls are interconnected with each other and driving roll by chain gear (11).
EFFECT: higher efficiency of device.
SUBSTANCE: goods transfer station (1, 1') loaded and unloaded from the first side (2) contains tray (3) with load-carrying appliance (4) which tray is made capable to be pushed in and again drawn out of station to transfer goods from the first side, and three aligning appliances (6, 8, 10) each one of which aligns load carrying appliance in one of three axial directions (x, y, z) respectively. The third aligning appliance (10) contains lifting device (12) with raising leg (13). The tray contains through hole (14) via which the raising leg passes which leg serves for load carrying appliance lifting without lifting the tray itself.
EFFECT: goods unloading is simplified.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: bulk material reloading from railway hopper cars includes use of load-transfer device. The load-transfer device includes receiver portion with conveying facility in the form of horizontal raking screw, installation of the mentioned receiver portion under dump doors, outflow of bulk material into receiver portion under gravity through dump doors and transfer of bulk material flow to loading facility.
EFFECT: reduced time of bulk material reloading from hopper cars.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for loading of loose cargoes and materials. Loading device comprises feeder, along axis of which located receiving conveyor and heaping stars. Heaping stars, at which heaping beams are located are arranged on sides of receiving conveyor. Stars can displace axially relative to axis of rotation and equipped with cover plates with openings for passage of beams. Cover plates rest on feeder and protect mechanism of rotation of stars against ingress of loading material.
EFFECT: higher reliability of loading device.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: loading body comprises the feeder (1) with flanges, the wedge shovel toe (3), the power hydraulic cylinders (6) and the transferring conveyor (8). The shovel toe is made from two wedge shovel elements (4, 5), one of which is placed in the housing of another with the possibility to move relative to each other and kinematically connected to the power hydraulic cylinders and flanges (2) of the feeder.
EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of loading the rock mass due to excluding from the structure the unit for feeding the material from the wedge shovel toe to the transferring conveyor and reducing the loading unit length.
SUBSTANCE: complex consists of excavator-loader of rocky soil and crushing-sorting installations, including receiving part of the associated pipelines with drobilnym and sorting equipment, reception part of crushing-sorting the installation is made in the form of loading the module with the bottom in the form of closed-circuit tapes, additional envelope delivered videos to the axis of rotation which are fixed on the side walls, and is fitted with two hydraulic cylinders with spring loaded rods fasteners, which mesh with a Ribbon with the direct course and roam freely in reverse, with the loading module is installed in the mine with an opportunity of reception of the soil of excavator-loader.
EFFECT: increasing the productivity of a complex of the quarry equipment at the expense of explosive-waving technology with the constant finding of the equipment in a face.