Modular storage outdoor type
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of building constructions multiple purposes, which can be used as storage outdoor type. The technical result of the invention is to reduce labor costs during installation and dismantling store. Store includes the frame of the modular triangular trusses that form the walls and floor. The frames are made with eyelets and interconnected prudovyi retainers inserted curved ends in the lugs, and hardware, and bar tabs are crate cover and pendants for walls. The floor is made sloping and formed slatted flooring and modular farms, laid B earthing. 17 ill. The invention relates to the field of building constructions, in particular to the storage outdoor type.The closest analogue is the construction of multi-purpose, which can be used as storage, including the frame of the modular triangular trusses that form the walls and floor, and the floor (SU 1557275, 1990). Farm walls and roofs closest analogue is not adapted for hanging on them fencing is CLASS="ptx2">An object of the invention is to create a mobile collapsible modular storage outdoor type from the same farms that form the floor, walls and floor and made with elements that reduce labor costs during installation walling - hanging walls and roofs.The technical result is ensured by the fact that in the store, including the frame of the modular triangular trusses that form the walls and floor, and the floor, the frames are made with eyelets and interconnected prudovyi retainers inserted curved ends in the lugs and hardware, and bar tabs are crate cover and pendants for walls and floors sloping and formed lattice flooring and modular farms laid in the depth.In Fig. 1 shows a modular element in the form of a triangular truss with tubular lugs; Fig. 2 is a view As in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - node I in Fig. 1; Fig. 4 - tubular eyelet in the context of Fig. 5 - option frame mounted 4 modular trusses for the roof of the vault of Fig. 6 - node II in Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a cross - section 1-1 in Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a variant of the frame, assembled from three modular Fes vertical outer walls; in Fig. 11 - modular symmetric single store with sloping walls and underground with slatted flooring for ventilation loaded granular mass; Fig. 12 - modular asymmetric polyprolene store with a vertical and an inclined outer walls; Fig. 13 - modular asymmetric polyprolene store with a vertical external walls; Fig. 14 - modular symmetric two-span and two-chamber storage with vertical outer walls and a Central pillar in the form of partitions; Fig. 15 - symmetric modular single repository with a Central pillar and hinged visors; Fig. 16 - modular symmetric single-Bay two-storey store with a curved configuration of the walls of Fig. 17 - modular symmetric single store with scaly (left) and continuous (right) facing roofs and walls by sealing its end part and doors the same modular farms.Modular vault made of triangular trusses 1 with tubular lugs 2. Triangular frame can be made from a strip or profiled metal, preferably from steel or aluminum alloys such as duralumin, and reinforced plastics and other artificial the holes 4. Tubular lugs 2 are attached to the farm 1 from both sides. If the farm steel, lugs to weld it. Lugs are welded to the ribs farms parallel to vertical rack or bore through the eyes of the vertical holes.In Fig. 5 shows a variant of the frame mounted 4 modular farms to cover the store. Adjoining ribs 5 farms interconnected plate clamps 6 and 7 hardware. United thus two farms form a single span slab and the top edge of the truss rafters are overlapping.In Fig. 8 shows a variant of the skeleton of 3 interconnected farms 1 for the walls of the store.Modular farm cover and walls are mounted parallel to each other and connect to each other prudovyi clamps 8, the curved ends 9 which is inserted into the tubular lugs 2. Bar clamps are crate overlap and are used for hanging wall fence.The longitudinal walls of the store are mounted parallel to each other at a distance equal to the width of the future construction. The required quantity of modular farms depends on the size and configuration of the assembled vault.Modular SIM is the value, including as a floor granaries, placing on its floor before loading means for aeration of grain, for example telescopic chanels 16. For the same purpose can be used modular symmetric single store with inclined outer walls 10 ( Fig. 11) with underground 12 and lattice perforated deck 14 for supplying a heat and cold air 15 and blowing them loose weight 11 for drying and cooling. In this embodiment underground 12 storage is formed of the same modular farms, which are placed on inclined slopes recessed floor 13 and the top covered with a perforated cover 14.In Fig. 12 shows a variant of the modular asymmetric polyprolene store with a vertical and an inclined outer walls, which can be used as a road Parking, vending kiosk, business unit, greenhouse, etc.In Fig. 13 shows a variant of the modular asymmetric polyprolene store with a vertical external walls, which can be used for the same purposes as the construction of Fig. 12.In Fig. 14 presents a modular symmetric two-span and double the storage with the key or other objects from precipitation.In Fig. 15 depicts a modular symmetric single-span warehouse with a Central pillar and hinged visors that can be used as a trading stalls in the markets, sheds, playgrounds, roads, Parking lots, etc.In Fig. 16 shows a modular symmetric single-Bay two-storey store with a curved configuration of the walls, which can be used as a garage, a hangar and a warehouse for goods in stackable containers or packages.Finally, in Fig. 17 shows a variant of the modular single-span symmetric storage with scaly 17 (left) and solid 18 (right) facing roofs and walls with the incorporation of its end parts 19 and doors 20 of the same modular farms 1. To prevent the ingress of moisture through the ridge 21 of the roof of the vault top overlapping the curved plate.As the walls and roof of the store suitable now widely used tin roofing sheet galvanized, ribbed profiled metal panels, sheet and corrugated (wavy) cipher and some other products, such as fiber reinforced plastic panels.How to use the repository may favorite color is served warm for drying, then cold for cooling air 15, which through the grating floor deck 14 includes at mound 11, permeates it dries and cools. Upon completion of the processing of bulk mass 11 is stored. During storage, if necessary ventilation loaded party may periodically be repeated before shipment to destination.For ventilation of the parties stored in such repositories can be applied and outdoor tools, such as mobile telescopic aeroginosa 16. Last before loading the storage place on its floor and then are loaded.The order of use of other kinds of storage in the form of road Parking, kiosks, canopies, etc. is obvious.When using the NAS as a hotbed its lining is made of glass or plastic, including reinforced.Modular vault at any time can be dismantled, transported in a disassembled or Packed in another place, where it can be re-built from the same compound and mounting parts for the same purposes, and for the other. In the disassembled Packed all component parts are formed compactly for storage and move the walls and floor, and Paul, characterized in that the frames are made with eyelets and interconnected prudovyi retainers inserted curved ends in the lugs, and hardware, and bar tabs are crate cover and pendants for walls and floors sloping and formed lattice flooring and modular farms laid in the depth.
SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.
EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.
SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.
EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.
SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.
SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.
EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to livestock farm microclimate using energy saving elements. The technical result is achieved in natural heat exchanging drying system of livestock farm ventilation which comprises an intake section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger, an air-to-air heat exchanger with an air distributor and a flute, a pipe, a trickle off sheet and a condensate collecting funnel as well as at least one exhaust section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger with flutes and a condensate collecting pipe and a heat-insulated exhaust vent shaft with a valve in the upper part and a cowl; the air-to-fluid heat exchangers of the intake and exhaust sections are connected to each other by pipes and the loop of the heat exchangers and pipes is filled with non-freezing liquid.
EFFECT: providing for high positive heat balance in livestock farm buildings in winter time.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: storage of agricultural commodities, comprising a foundation, a barrier in the form of an arched frameless insulated dome, a concrete floor, a support wall and a system of ventilation comprising a manifold channel formed with the inner surface of the lower part of the dome and the support wall, and air ducts, besides, the fence is made of panels comprising two layers of a metal corrugated "П"-shaped profile with heat insulation between them, the support wall is arranged in the form of double-tee section stands with fixed metal corrugated sheets of "П"-shaped profile and rectangular pipes laid into profile grooves, and air ducts are made as telescopic perforated channels arranged perpendicularly to the support wall along the whole area of the storage.
EFFECT: increased stiffness and insulation properties of storage barrier elements.
SUBSTANCE: residential and production vertical farm contains floor multi-layer coverings and roof with jacks. In the first layer of coverings there arranged are germination chambers of green food, plantations, green houses with pastures on the surface and town houses with driveways and pedestrian ways. Water pools for sturgeons, prawns, Spirulina and biological water treatment are arranged under them. Germination chamber, plantations and green houses with pastures are made in the form of turning multi-bladed throttle germination chambers with supply and discharge devices of air, bulk materials, potable water and solutions. Germination chambers and water pools allow performing automatic control of productive capacity of plants and animals, precision sowing, seed harvesting, harvesting of plants of any kinds, removal and processing of drains so that fertilisers and hydrogen can be obtained, forming robotic paddocks for feeding with green food, their roots, tuberous roots, seaweeds, planktons of any kinds and age groups of animals, sturgeons and prawns. Vertical farm and its converter power supply allow to quickly respond to the market's needs.
EFFECT: increasing efficiency of agricultural industry.
10 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: factory-greenhouse has a foundation, a chief south and north walls, a deflector in the upper part of the greenhouse to create a vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside. The factory-greenhouse has an internal support structure with horizontal girders for mounting vertical cultivating columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and location of the system for creation of water aerosol, a translucent sealed cover mounted on the support structure, the trenches with perforated covers on the greenhouse floor for laying air ducts, sewers for collection of nutrient solution and pipelines for supply of nutrient solution to the cultivation columns, a ventilation system with an intake and cleaning air for supply to the greenhouse through air ducts through the holes in the covers of the floor trenches. The factory-greenhouse comprises a reflector of sunlight and artificial light, a spotlight with colour optics, a mud room, as well as an irrigation system of translucent cover in the form of a pumping system, a main pipeline with holes for outdoor irrigation of the coating, the collector of water flowing down from the coating for subsequent spraying it after cleaning and sterilisation inside the greenhouse through the nozzles to produce an aerosol of water and water vapour. The method is characterised in that it comprises the supply of filtered air to the greenhouse through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse to generate ventilation according to the scheme of bottom-up and outlet of air through one or more holes at the upper part of the greenhouse to prevent ingress inside the premises of pests, creation in the upper part of the greenhouse of water stable water aerosol, highlighting of water aerosol by spotlights with colour optics, reflection and concentration of sunlight and artificial light, outer irrigation of translucent coating with water and collecting this water for subsequent spraying after cleaning and sterilisation in the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertically arranged columns.
EFFECT: proposed device and method provide the most complete use of sunlight and artificial light for light and colour stimulation of plants, prevent ingress into interior of the greenhouse of pests, dust and rainwater, which enables to provide high quality plant products.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to buildings for livestock management, primary treatment and processing of production. The modular cowshed comprises premises for cows, calving and calf rearing, storage and preparation of feed, for the milking parlor with milk house and a laboratory for the ventilation chamber, and manure storage located separately. Part of the premises is presented as technological modules as part of the production, milking and feed-producing, united in monoblock or cowshed, as well as reclamation of manure, effluent and feed wastes, dedicated to the separate premises. The feed-producing module is docked with the production module to form a single feed passage. On either side of the feed passage within the feed-producing module there are facilities for storage and preparing components of feed mixture for animals. The vestibule walls of the cowshed in the end of the building and the wall of the milking module is made with the ability of dismantling and subsequent docking with additional parts of production and milking modules with an increase in the number of animals.
EFFECT: process of expanding of the farm with an increase in the number of animals is simplified, the process of manufacture of products is simplified.
4 cl, 7 dwg