Device for cutting bulk edible products
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a device for cutting frozen pieces of meat. It is envisaged to cut pieces of meat continuously in a set of rotating knives with the lowest share of emulsification to particle size of 2 to 8 mm, this significantly reduces the absorption of heat, thus increasing productivity. 16 C.p. f-crystals, 13 ill. The invention relates to a device for cutting bulk edible products, in particular for cutting pieces of meat, frozen to approximately -9oC.To well-known grinding machines include molding or bowl cutter, meat grinders, impact mills, fine grinding machine, and machines for cutting cubes.In the above cutter in a rotating round shaped bowl has a set of knives with different, but great momentum. The material in the trough, due to the rotation of the bowl is constantly supplied to the set of knives. A disadvantage of this device is, first of all, the fact that it can only be operated in an intermittent mode.In contrast grinder operate continuously and are available in the market for a large tonnage, Tanno disk has a relatively large friction, resulting in the measurement process leads to increased energy input and thereby to heat the product, calling the initial stage of emulsification, i.e., the binding of the product.Impact mills are used, in particular, chemistry and pharmacy, but are also used for processing of pome and stone materials, such as cocoa beans. Milled product with great speed is dropped on a stationary or rotating grinding hard working bodies. The pieces of meat in these impact mills are more likely to squander and razdavlivanija than be cut to pieces.Known machines for fine grinding of continuous action (see, for example, patent Germany 2823245), equipped with high-speed system, the rotor-stator operating in the contactless mode. These high-speed cutting system designed for both cutting and emulsification. So you cannot avoid a certain percentage (%) emulsification produced product, usually laid in the operation of these machines. These machine for fine grinding are used in particular for products with a particle size of not less than 2 mmCommon to all known machines for continuous processes cutting meat is unfavorable ratio between price and performance.The basis of the invention is to develop a device that allows continuous mode to obtain a technical result, namely, to provide a further refinement, in particular, frozen pieces of meat.The solution to this problem according to the invention provides the following features.In the device for cutting bulk edible products, in particular pieces of meat, frozen to approximately -9oC, containing rotating in the housing knives rigidly mounted on the shaft with gaps between themselves and with the axial component of the feed, and installed in front of the buildings in the axial direction of the device for feeding pieces of meat of continuous action, giving the last component of the feed directed towards the plane of rotation of the first knife provided that the blades are installed with the possibility of easy replacement on a horizontal or inclined to the horizontal end of the axle of the three-phase motor, the ends of the rotating knives are from the inner wall of the casing at a constant Radiolina configuration and axial distance from each other so designed as that frozen pieces of meat with the length of the edges of 250 x 250 x 250 mm are cut with minimal absorption of heat and with the lowest share of emulsification to particle size of from 2 to 8 mm, the case is in its extreme lower zone is open down the outlet for the continuous output of the meat particles under the action of gravity.Provided also that the device for feeding pieces of meat made in the form of a gravity conveyor that delivers the pieces of meat due to their own weight on the discharge tray through the receiving hopper to the set of blades rotating in an inclined plane.Device for feeding pieces of meat is a belt conveyor or conveyor screw, which is made to rotate with a speed of 2 to 200 rpm or rotation in the direction opposite the direction of rotation of the knives.Provided also that the lower edge of the material of the cylinder transporting screw is located on one straight line with the bottom edge of the housing, and the diameter of the material of the cylinder is about half the diameter and material of the cylinder transporting auger at its upper side has a receiving hopper, the wall of which, abramenka is ajmalicine large pieces of meat.It also stipulates that the drive device for feeding pieces of meat that serves as a drive for a set of knives, is a three-phase motor with a static frequency Converter for speed.Preferably, the first section of the body somewhat narrowed in diameter in the flow direction, and the radial distance of the ends of the rotating blades from the inner wall of the casing was approximately 2-4 mmProvided also that in the feed direction at the outlet of the housing has a knife, removed from in front of him, knife at an axial distance corresponding to at least part of the size of the outlet openings and having a component feeder, opposite to the feed direction.In addition, at least a few knives made double, both blades double knife on their front blade is made with an inclined sharpening with a sharpening angle of approximately 25o- 30oand inclined to the shank adjacent convex transporting surface.The device according to the invention due to its simple solution is possible by changing knives and changes speed very quickly result in sootvetstvenno meet the sanitary requirements; requirements for food processing, fits well with the existing lines, compact in its size and can be mounted either parallel to, or if you require a high degree of grinding, consistently. The proposed solution is particularly suitable for high bandwidth component, for example, 40,000 kg per hour, but permits much lower performance, for example, only 1000 kg per hour. Price - performance compared to the machines offered on the market, is conceptually very favorable.Some embodiments of the invention, the examples shown in Fig. 1 - 13, where Fig. 1 shows a cutting machine in vertical longitudinal section, Fig. 2 - the image according to Fig. 1, a top view, Fig. 3 - the image according to Fig. 1 and 2, a front view, Fig. 4 - the image according to Fig. 1, a side view, Fig. 5 - option of the cutting machine shown in Fig. 1, figs. 6 is another embodiment of a cutting machine shown in Fig. 1, figs. 7 - the image according to Fig. 6, a top view, Fig. 8 - the image according to Fig. 6, a front view, Fig. 9 - cutting machine according to Fig. 6, a side view, Fig. 10 in an enlarged scale cross-the cross is the significance of the dual blades of the knife, Fig. 12 - knife set, consisting of three pre-set axial distance of each other dual blades, Fig. 13 is a modified embodiment of a cutting machine shown in Fig. 1.Cutting machine shown in Fig. 1-4, includes a three-phase motor 1 with a horizontally installed end trunnion shaft 2, on which is rigidly fixed easily replaceable knives 3, 3a, rotating in the cutting body 4. In the bottom of the cutting body 4 directly in front of scutellum 5 engine provides open down the discharge outlet 6.Before cutting the casing 4 has a material cylinder 7, which rotates the transport auger 8, coaxially end to the trunnion shaft 2 carrying a set of knives, as well as drive with three-phase motor 9. Material cylinder 7 with its lower edge is in line with the bottom edge of the cutting body 4 and has on its front upper side of the receiving hopper 10 to download the product intended for cutting. Its wall facing the cutting body 4 forms the upper wall of the material of the cylinder 7 cutting edge 10a for preliminary rough grinding large pieces of meat.In Fig. 1 shows, in cast is, a.Each of the two three-phase motors of 1.9 can be fitted upstream of the static frequency Converter for speed.Crushed lumpy product, such as frozen meat pieces with a maximum length of edges 250 x 250 x 250 mm, continuous flow is fed into the receiving hopper 10 and thereby directed into the working area of the transport auger 8. Oversized pieces of product pre-crushing conveying screw 8. In the rest of the pieces of the product are given in harness directly to the rotating knives 3, 3a, which are installed at intervals in the axial direction from each other at the end of the trunnion shaft 2, while maintaining the free discharge section of the discharge outlet 6. In the area of the outlet 6 is provided only a single knife 3a. Transporting screw 8 rotates at a speed of 20-200 rpm, and the knives 3, 3a are rotated in the opposite direction with speeds from 500 to 3000 rpm Pieces of product supplied conveying screw 8 to the blades 3, 3a, are cut in the cutting body 4 with a minimum emulsification and without the formation of lumps to particle size of from 2 to 8 mmAn embodiment shown in Fig. 5, otlica the diameter D of the cutting body. The diameter of the conveying screw 8 approximately corresponds to the radius of the knife 3, 3a.It is shown in Fig. 6-9 modified form of execution differs from the form of execution according to Fig. 1-4 mainly by two features:
three-phase motor 1 to the end of the trunnion shaft 2 is set in relation to the horizontal with a slope of approximately 45o; instead of transporting auger feeding comminuted pieces of the product is carried out under the effect of their gravity through the receiving hopper 11 directly in the working area of the knife.In Fig. 10, it is seen that the blades 3 are dual blades, both blades are in their front blade 14 provided with inclined 15 sharpening with a sharpening angle of approximately 25o- 30o(see also Fig. 11). The grinding angle is selected in accordance with the product to be cut. Blunt knives pariticipate this angle . It is evident from Fig. 11 indicates that the actual estate sharpening 15 is made relatively short, passing into the exhaust conveying surface 16, having a radius R and prosteroids width x. This conveying surface 16 gives the product the above-mentioned component 13 filing. The length of the inclined grinding 15 may be approximately OGA includes preferably 3-5 double-knives, which, as shown in Fig. 12, are set in relation to each other with a shift along the circle.In an embodiment shown in Fig. 13, the first feed direction 12 section 4a cutting body 4 is narrowed in diameter to create the effect of backwater. With this solution first knife set is thus larger in diameter than the subsequent knives, which is essential for maintaining the same radial distance a to the extent of cutting of the casing 4. 1. Device for cutting bulk edible products, in particular pieces of meat, frozen to approximately -9oC, containing rotating in the housing knives rigidly mounted on the shaft with gaps between themselves and with the axial component of the feed, and installed in front of the body in the axial direction of the device for feeding pieces of meat of continuous action, giving the last component of the feed directed towards the plane of rotation of the first knife, wherein the knife is installed with the possibility of easy replacement on a horizontal or inclined to the horizontal end of the axle of the three-phase motor, the ends of the rotating knives are from the inner wall of the casing at a constant radial distance, , and axial distance from each other so designed as that frozen pieces of meat with the length of the edges 250 250 250 mm are cut with minimal absorption of heat and with the lowest share of emulsification to particle size of 2 to 8 mm, the case is in its extreme lower zone is open down the outlet for the continuous output of the meat particles under the action of gravity.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the device for feeding pieces of meat is a gravity conveyor that delivers the pieces of meat due to their own weight on the discharge tray through the receiving hopper to the set of blades rotating in an inclined plane.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the device for feeding pieces of meat is a belt conveyor.4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the device for feeding pieces of meat is a conveying screw.5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the transporting auger is made to rotate with a speed of 20 to 200 rpm6. The device under item 4 or 5, characterized in that the transporting auger is made to rotate in the direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the knives.7. Device according to one of paragraphs.4 - nternet with the bottom edge of the Cabinet.8. Device according to one of paragraphs.4 to 7, characterized in that the diameter of the material of the cylinder is about half the diameter.9. Device according to one of paragraphs.4 to 8, characterized in that the material of the cylinder transporting auger at its upper side has a receiving hopper, a wall which is facing the casing, formed with the upper wall of the material of the cylinder cutting edge for preliminary rough grinding large pieces of meat.10. Device according to one of paragraphs.3 to 9, characterized in that the drive device for feeding pieces of meat is a three-phase motor with a static frequency Converter for speed.11. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 10, characterized in that the three-phase motor that serves as a drive for a set of knives, has a static frequency Converter for speed.12. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 11, characterized in that the first part of the building a few narrows in diameter in the direction of flow.13. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 12, characterized in that the radial distance of the ends of the rotating blades from the inner wall of the casing is PR is and the outlet housing has a knife remote from in front of him, knife at an axial distance corresponding to at least part of the size of the outlet, and having a component feeder, opposite to the feed direction.15. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 14, characterized in that at least a few knives made double.16. The device according to p. 15, characterized in that both blades of the double knife on their front blade is made with an inclined sharpening with a sharpening angle of approximately 25 - 30o.17. The device according to p. 16, wherein the inclined grinding is adjacent convex transporting surface.
FIELD: domestic electric appliances, in particular, food preparing vessel for electric appliance.
SUBSTANCE: working chamber for kitchen electric appliance has vessel and cover, which are equipped with pivot joint consisting of two complementary surfaces, which may be inserted into one another. One of said surfaces is rigidly connected with cover and other surface is rigidly connected with vessel. Said surfaces are formed as succession of at least partly circular sections extending along at least one axis of rotation, perpendicular to said axis of rotation.
EFFECT: simplified utilization and mounting of electric appliance.
14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: kitchen appliances.
SUBSTANCE: proposed base includes container for kitchen appliances. Base has lower bearing surface and cover with upper surface for placing the kitchen complex. Inner surface of base and inner surface of cover have at least one structural member on which bearing units are made for interaction with inner surface of cover or its bearing parts.
EFFECT: reduced sensitivity to vibration; enhanced economical efficiency.
10 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: items of personal use.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the kitchen device for food processing. The kitchen device for food processing contains a bowl in which a piece of food to be processed is put, an instrument that protrudes into the bowl or situated in it, and a bearing unit by means of which the instrument rests on the bowl and turns in it. The bearing unit contains a tapered journal and a supporting element with a female cone. In the centre of the female cone there is an axially situated protrusion. The vertex angle of the tapered journal and the vertex angle of the female cone are situated between eight and twelve degrees so that the supporting element in the axial direction rests on the tapered journal. In the radial direction the supporting element is directed by the inner wall of the female cone against the tapered journal.
EFFECT: provision of low-resistance during rotation of the instrument and minimal expenses for its installation.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: items of personal use.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the operating instrument for a kitchen device with a drive shaft. The operating instrument includes the first and the second axial ends, with a claw clutch rigidly installed on the first axial end of the drive shaft for reception of the twisting moment and with a functional node installed on the second axial end of the drive shaft for food processing rigidly or with the possibility of dismounting. At this different from the claw clutch part of the drive shaft has a starlike profile in section.
EFFECT: prevention of the kitchen device from hard blows and pushes.
9 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: household goods and personal effects.
SUBSTANCE: whipping disk for kitchen appliance is in the form of flat disk rotated in kitchen appliance cup by driven shaft. There is a projection on flat disk surface. Projection is in the form of ring and situated concentrically on the disk. There is a main section on disk projection. In essence it is situated parallel to disk plane. Disk may have several concentrically displaced projections. First of them projects disk plane in the first direction, whereas the second projects disk plane in the opposite direction.
EFFECT: improvement of whipping disk stability and efficiency.
13 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to household device with electric drive, and namely to juicer or juice centrifuge. The device is equipped with the control element which is switched between the rest position and one operating position in order to start up and stop the drive motor meant for the working member drive. The latter is closed with the cover plate put on the household device during operation and detached by means of the releasing device. In order to make the use of the household device more convenient, it is proposed to attach the control element to the releasing device so that when the control element is put to the releasing position, the cover plate of the device can be removed, and start-up of the drive motor is impossible.
EFFECT: owing to the proposed design, the possibility of switching on the household device only with the cover plate put on is provided with a reliable method.
18 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to domestic appliance with electric drive, in particular to juicer or juice centrifuge. Device is equipped with control element of switch blocked against switching with the help of safety device, and this control element controls drive engine intended for working element driving, which is accomplished with collector for separated components of food product, by means of which, when set in working position, safety device unblocks control element, in order to develop accessory, which does not make it possible to connect domestic appliance, if device element, for instance collector or device cover, is not available or is installed incorrectly. It is suggested that safety device had locking element adjacent to link support and entering the link as connected to control element of link holder.
EFFECT: invention provides for safe operation of domestic appliance.
13 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a device for mechanical processing of food products, in particular a type of vegetable cutter containing a kitchen appliance for cooking vegetable purees. This kitchen appliance contains a grid, a device for compression of food products to place food products opposite the grid, the disk intended to remove the finished food products. At that the device for compression comprises a means for cutting food products before they are placed opposite the grid of the kitchen appliance for preparing vegetable purees. The invention also refers to use of this device for preparing purees at the standard of catering institutions.
EFFECT: device for mechanical processing of food products which contains a kitchen appliance for preparing vegetable purees is proposed.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technical area of domestic mixers of submersible type and relates to a working leg, comprising protective bell, covering detachable rotary tool. Specified tool is rotated by means of engine installed in casing. Tool is fixed to gripping part, where it is installed with the possibility of rotation, at the same time gripping part is stopped in rotation by a protective bell, when tool is installed on working leg.
EFFECT: invention provides for improved safety of rotary tool manipulation.
9 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: mixer has a container and a cutting device with a part of the main knife angled upwards. The container comprises an internal part, and the profile of the lower part includes a part angled upwards corresponding to the form of a knife of the cutting device.
EFFECT: invention is intended to reduce accumulation of food products under the main knives.
18 cl, 41 dwg
SUBSTANCE: cutter contains drum with spinning axis. Removable cutting elements in the shape of plates are available on the outer surface of the above drum. The said plates may be replaced as soon as they are worn-down and installed in the plane crossing drum spinning axis. The drum is implemented as though two peripheral naves are installed on spinning axis and interconnected between each other by longitudinal fixing elements installed around spinning axis. Cutting elements are fixed on the longitudinal fixing elements and plates are made toothed so that plate position can be changed by rotating in the plane of their location relative to longitudinal fixing element.
EFFECT: simplified design and improved manufacturability.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to machine building and can be used in food industry. The facility for meat mincing consists of bed 1, and of shaft 4 with drive 2 arranged on the bed. At the end of the drive there is overhung knife 5. Further, the facility consists of bowl 6 for mincing installed to travel relative to the knife and equipped with branches for supply of liquid 8 and 9. Additionally, the facility is equipped with control unit 16, actuating mechanism 15, load sensor 17 and hydro-cylinder 14. A bowl is made in form of a part of a hollow cylinder cut along long axis of hollow cylinder symmetry and performing reciprocal motions. An unloading opening is made in one of the end walls of the bowl.
EFFECT: reduced power consumption and raised efficiency of facility.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fibrous and composite materials and methods of their production. Proposed method comprises cutting fibrous stuff to produce first fibrous material and passing it through first sieve with average mesh of 1.59 mm or less to produce second fibrous material. Average fiber length-to-fiber diametre ratio exceeds 10/1, preferably, 25/1, more preferably, over 50/1.
EFFECT: preset particle size material.
23 cl, 33 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention may be used for grinding and homogenizing fibrous materials of mean- and high density. Proposed grinder incorporates pre-grinding chamber and fine grinding chamber. Said chambers are arranged horizontally and interconnected. Separating baffle between said chambers are provided with bypass orifices. First chamber accommodates rotor with cutting elements. Said rotor is fitted off-center relative to central axis. Cutting elements are made up of a set of disks. The latter are fixed on the shaft off-centered to make screw channel. Chamber inner surface is lined by detachable profiled plates. Second chamber incorporates second rotor, screen drum and branch pipes to feed fillers and discharge finished products. Second rotor is fitted on the shaft aligned with first rotor shaft. Second rotor is made up of beater blades with cutting edges, Rotor is arranged inside said screen drum. Every rotor is equipped with separate drive.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, reduced power consumption.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to grinders of tape materials. Grinder incorporates lengthwise cutter with first cutting roll and second cutting roll and transverse cutter arranged behind the lengthwise cutter. Said cutting roll feature special profiles. In compliance with first version, rolls have saw-like profile. At least three of four sides of tape material strips are located between lengthwise sides of first and second roll saw-like profile and sides of second roll saw-like profile. In compliance with second version, cutting rolls feature deep and high profile with lengthwise sides extending at angle to roll lengthwise axis and adjoining vertical sides or sides inclined at 4 degrees to roll lengthwise axis.
EFFECT: reliable grinding or pelletising of polymer materials.
15 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to fibrous materials and composites and to their production. Proposed process comprises cutting of the mixed fibrous stock to get the first fibrous material. The first fibrous material is assembled. The first fibrous material is cut by forcing it through the screen with 1.59 mm or smaller mesh to get the second fibrous material that features the BET surface area of at least 0.5 m2/g. Now, the second fibrous material is integrated with the resin.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of the process.
11 cl, 33 dwg