A method of creating a cultural lawn

 

(57) Abstract:

Cultural turf can be used in conservation, sports or decorative purposes. Versatility darmowego coating in combination with the strength, elasticity and indestructible in the process of transportation is achieved by growing the sod in containers with retractable, folding or detachable bottom and, if necessary, with collapsible walls, as well as the fact that transport the sod is carried out in these containers. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the technology of creating cultural turf used in sports, decorative (ground, Park, Moorish (variegated) and other lawns), conservation and other purposes.

Known methods of creating lawns, including the preparation of soil-vegetable mixture, keeping it "under steam", irrigation sprinkler, fertilizer application, weeding, trimming the finished plates grown darmowego coverage, transportation received darmowego coating in the form of plates or coils to the place of establishment of the lawn (the prospectus of the company "Bindi":"Protoproto" official supplier "of the TSA, euroamericana, 1991).

Among other things, the quality of drainage systems or underlying soils, on which is placed a thin and dense sod floor, the requirements are higher, which implies a substantial increase in labor costs and the cost of construction of cultural turf.

Solved by the invention of the task.

The objective of the invention is a method of creating culturla form a strong root system of plants, used in the sward, with the necessary firmness, elasticity, strength and wear resistance, is not interrupted and is not deformed during long distance transport, and suitable for installation in the shortest possible time, in different weather and climatic conditions on any of the underlying soils and drainage systems, as well as on the underlying soils without drainage systems or any other basis, outdoors or indoors, with the possibility of varying the thickness of the coating depending on the functional purpose of the lawn and other, subject to consideration of factors.

This task is solved in that in the method of creating darmowego coverage, including the preparation of soil-vegetable mixture, or other substitute material, keeping it "under steam", compaction, watering, fertilizing, weeding, grading, preparation of seeds and seeding, watering, reseeding, mowing the grass, soil and vegetable mixture is sieved, mixed and loaded into wood, metal, plastic, or made of a different material containers to be removed (retractable, folding or detachable) bottoms or in containers with a non-removable bottom, in the lateral firewood from waterproof and breathable material for removal of the containers of water and ensure proper aeration of the turf. The side walls of the containers, if necessary, make collapsible or deleted, so they or their upper part could be removed at the construction site. Containers grown in them install sod on prepared ground. Plate sod kept in containers during the entire process of growing turf, care, storage and transportation to the construction site of the lawn.

In the construction of lawn installation method of the containers with the sod for the construction site without removing the plates sod from containers, the lawn is in containers and also during the whole time of operation of an established lawn.

Activities for the care of turf grown in containers, carried out during the entire time required to achieve the turf ready. Upon reaching the readiness sod stored in containers of any desired time. With an increase of the period of cultivation and storage of sod in containers and improve quality indicators generated darmowego coverage. Before transporting plates sod in containers to the place of establishment of the lawn, sod coating in containers, if needed, moisturize Stroitelei site and unloaded from the vehicle directly to the site of the lawn.

To create lawns on construction sites with drainage systems, or without them, outdoors or indoors, use containers with a non-removable bottom, or a container with a removable bottom, where plates of sod removed from the containers and placed on the underlying soil, drainage or other basis.

For these purposes, the use of containers with non-removable or removable bottom, where plates of sod is not removed from the container, leaving the turf in containers, and after the establishment of the lawn during operation of the lawn surface.

In the latter case greatly accelerated and facilitated work on the construction of the lawn, reduced or completely removed any requirements of the underlying soils and other grounds under future lawns (in most cases eliminates the need for the construction of drainage systems), significantly reduced the dependence of the grass cover conditions from local weather and climatic conditions, and minimizes lawn care coverage, due to the possibility of relatively rapid and easy replacement if necessary, of individual pieces or the entire surface of radostovca containers at the place of construction of the container is advanced throw back or removed in some other way, insert the sod away from the containers down and gently lowered to the underlying soil or drainage. When using containers with detachable bottom containers immediately set to the desired location on the construction of the lawn, after which the container is cut off from their walls and lowered together with the plates sod into the soil, drainage or other basis. In the latter case, the container can be left at the construction site of the lawn under a layer of sod to facilitate alignment surface darmowego coating and joining plates mate with each other and to prevent penetration of components of the vegetative soil layer of sod in the drainage system or the underlying soil.

To create lawns on construction sites with drainage systems, or without them, outdoors or indoors, use containers with a non-removable bottom, which, upon reaching the readiness of the ground, transported to the construction site of the lawn, unloaded from the transporting means, and then plate the sod removed from the container and spread on a subsoil drainage system or other basis.

When used for the same purpose containers with a non-removable or removable bottom without removing the plates sod container, upon reaching the readiness of the sod, the containers are delivered to the construction site, after which they together with their plates sod put directly on the spot to create a lawn in exact accordance with the plan of its construction, densely join between them, removing, if necessary, the upper part of the side walls of the containers or completely the side walls of the container the side walls of the container may be collapsible or deleted).

After that, the containers with a plate of sod carefully align the height in relation to each other with the exact observance of all necessary slopes, and the seams between the plates sod fall asleep soil vegetable mixture with seeds demobrowser herbs, or without them, or other materials.

After placement of the plates sod or install containers with sod for the construction site, poverkhnostyami year conducting intensive artificial watering established lawns.

When creating a lawn indoors, for example, for decorative purposes, or sports turf in gyms or indoor sports complexes, hold special events to provide tap water after artificial irrigation of turf from the surface of the grounds on which set containers with sod, or spread plate with sod. In addition perform the work on creation of conditions for intensive ventilation and, if necessary, and humidifying the air in closed rooms, as well as aeration of the turf of the lawn.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, in which: Fig.1 shows a schematic construction of a container with a removable bottom; Fig. 2 - the same, with a non-removable bottom.

In Fig. 1 shows the basic design of container 1 to be deleted (retractable, folding or detachable) bottom 2. The bottom 2 of the container 1 can be advanced along the guide rails 3, is made in the side walls 4 of the container, or to sit, or to disconnect any other way. The bottom 2 and side walls 4 of the container may have holes or slots 5 different configurations, or be made of water-permeable material for aeration of turf and drainage vragen the basic design of the container with a non-removable bottom. The bottom 6 of the container 7 and side walls 8 of the container may have holes or slots 9 different configurations, or be made of water-permeable material for aeration of turf and drainage water from the container. The side walls 8 of the container may be collapsible or removable.

The inventive method is as follows.

To obtain plates darmowego coatings that are used to create cultural lawn, prepare the soil components of the vegetable mixture, or other substitute materials. Components of soil-vegetable mixture supplied, sift, mix and put in piles.

After that, prepare and deliver containers from wood, metal, plastic or other material to be deleted (retractable, folding or detachable) base, or a non-removable bottom. In further plate sod will be placed in these containers during the entire process of growing turf, maintenance, storage and transportation to the construction site of the lawn, and, if necessary, the entire period of operation of an established lawn.

In addition, prepare a special area, for example, asphalt, on which are arranged the containers. The space program.

The production of sod begin with, in containers fall asleep prepared soil mixture or other substitute material, the surface of the mixture level so that the height of the layer of the mixture around the container was the same and corresponded to the height of the powder layer in other containers. Then the soil in the containers compacted by ramming or other devices.

Soil plant mix or substitute material is kept in containers "fallow" for a few days or weeks. When the rains produce regular watering of the soil in the containers.

For a few weeks or days, or immediately before sowing of seeds in the soil make fertilizer. Before sowing seeds in the soil make fertilizer. Before sowing seeds demobrowser herbs spend weeding.

Then on the surface in containers of soil-vegetable mixture or substitute material sow seeds demobrowser herbs. Sow the seeds buried in the soil with a rake or other tool, or close the top layer of soil of the vegetable mixture or substitute material. Following this, the surface soil of the vegetable mixture in containers sod will be reduced, basically, to watering the sod in containers in hot dry weather, the sowing of seeds in the necessary places to create a homogeneous thick grass, cutting grass, soil application of fertilizers and smoothing the surface of the sod bedding plant soil mix or substitute material.

Sod is located in the containers during the entire process of cultivation, care for her, until its full readiness and the formation of high-quality grass, as well as its storage and transportation to the construction site of the lawn.

In the construction of lawn installation method of the containers with the sod for the construction site without removing the plates sod from containers, the lawn is in containers and also during the whole time of operation of an established lawn.

Upon reaching the readiness sod stored in containers of any desired time. The longer the cultivation and storage of sod in containers, the higher the quality indicators generated darmowego coverage. After completion of plates sod in containers, transported to the construction site of the lawn. Before transporting the sod coating in containers if needed, moisturize and p the venues with drainage systems, or without them, outdoors or indoors, use containers with a non-removable bottom, or a container with a removable bottom, where plates of sod removed from the container and spread on the underlying soil, drainage or other basis.

For the same purpose use containers with a non-removable or removable bottom, where plates of sod is not removed from the container, leaving the turf in containers, and after the establishment of the lawn, during operation of the lawn surface.

Using containers to be deleted (sliding or hinged) bottom, after delivery of the containers to the place of construction of the container forward, reject or remove any other way, insert the sod away from the containers down and gently lowered to the underlying soil or drainage. Using containers to disconnect the bottom of the containers immediately set exactly to the desired site of the new lawn, after which the container is cut off from their walls and lowered together with the plates sod into the soil, drainage or other basis. In the latter case, the container can be left at the construction site of the lawn under a layer of sod for the region is edatrexate penetration components vegetation soil in the drainage system or the underlying soil.

To create lawns on construction sites with drainage systems, or without them, outdoors or indoors, use containers with a non-removable bottom, which upon reaching the readiness of the ground, transported to the construction site of the lawn, unloaded from the vehicle, after which plates the sod removed from the container and spread on a subsoil drainage system or other basis.

Lined plate sod carefully align the height in relation to each other with the exact observance of all necessary slopes of the underlying soil or drainage system, tightly connect with each other, and the joints between the plates fall asleep soil vegetable mixture with seeds demobrowser herbs or without them, or other materials.

When used for the same purpose containers with a non-removable or removable bottom without removing the plates sod container, upon reaching the readiness of the sod, the containers are delivered to the construction site, after which they together with their plates sod put directly on the spot to create a lawn in exact accordance with the plan of its construction, densely join between Sarov (the side walls of the container may be collapsible or deleted, see Fig.1).

After that, the containers with a plate of sod carefully align the height in relation to each other with the exact observance of all necessary slopes, and the seams between the plates sod fall asleep soil vegetable mixture with seeds demobrowser herbs or without them, or other materials.

After placement of the plates sod or install containers with sod for the construction site, the surface of an established lawn leveled, compacted, tamped or rolled down. If necessary, in the dry hot season conducting intensive artificial watering established lawns.

When creating a lawn indoors, for example, for decorative purposes or sports turf in gyms or indoor sports complexes, conduct special events to provide tap water after artificial irrigation of turf from the surface of the grounds on which set of container with sod or spread plate with sod. In addition carry out the work on creation of conditions for intensive ventilation and, if necessary, and humidifying the air in enclosed spaces, and t is yonoi technology.

1. A method of creating a cultural lawn, including the preparation of soil mixture, keeping it under steam, compaction, watering, fertilizing, weeding, grading, preparation of seeds, seeding, re-watering, reseeding, mowing the grass, transportation and display the sod on the ground, characterized in that after the preparation of the soil mixture is sieved, mixed and loaded into containers, for example, wood, or metal, or plastic, with holes of different configurations in the side walls and bottom or use the containers from videosdeporno material for removal of the containers of water and ensure aeration of the turf, moreover, the use containers with removable or non-removable bottom and collapsible or removed side walls, or remove the top part of the side walls at a construction site.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the entire technological cycle of cultivation plates turf, care, storage and transportation to the place of creation of cultural turf performs when the plates sod in containers.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that to create lawns, construction sites, such as containers with a removable bottom, for example, sliding or folding, which upon reaching the readiness of sod transported to the place of establishment of the lawn and put them on the ground, and the bottom of the container removed and the plate sod push of a container on the platform, after which the plate is aligned with the height in relation to each other with proper slopes, densely join together, and the seams between the plates if necessary fall asleep soil mixture, for example, with seeds demobrowser herbs.

4. The method according to PP. 1 and 3, characterized in that use containers with detachable bottom, which are transported to the construction site of the lawn, cut off from the side walls and put the bottom together with the plates sod on the site, for example, with the underlying soil or drainage system or, if necessary, remove the bottom of the container from under the plate sod.

5. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that for creating lawns at the sites, for example, with the underlying soil or drainage systems, outdoor or indoor use containers with a non-removable bottom, which on reaching the readiness of the sod transported to the site to create a lawn, being unloaded from a transport with the HN sod level in height and in relation to each other with proper gradients, tight ends are joined together, and the seams between the plates if necessary fall asleep soil mixture, for example, with seeds demobrowser herbs.

6. The method according to PP.1, 3 to 5, characterized in that use containers with a non-removable bottom, set the containers with the sod for the construction site, for example, with the underlying soil or drainage systems outdoors or indoors densely join them together, if necessary, remove the upper part of the side walls or completely the side walls of the containers, align the containers and plates sod them in height and in relation to each other with proper slopes, and the seams between the plates sod fall asleep soil mixture, for example, with seeds demobrowser herbs.

7. The method according to PP.1 - 6, characterized in that prior to transportation to the construction site of the lawn plates sod in containers if needed, moisturize and cover with a moisture retaining material, such as peat, sawdust.

8. The method according to PP. 1 - 6, characterized in that after the lay plates sod or install containers with sod on the ground surface established lawn level and when the necessity is

 

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