Humic concentrate, method thereof, a device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate (options). method of water purification from impurities, the method of dehydration of plastic media, fashion detoxification of organic compounds, the method of disposal of sewage sludge, the method of creating a soil from natural and artificial soils and restore the fertility of degraded soils, composting organic waste, the disposal method of precipitation water


 

(57) Abstract:

Humic concentrate of natural komitov and natural coal series contains hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids. Method get called humic concentrate includes the implementation of the electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids extracted by the alkaline reagent from natural komitov and natural coal series, held in the common area between the anode and cathode when the anode electric potential sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential discharge of hydroxyl ions, with the formation on the surface of the anode target humic concentrate and continuous removal of the aforementioned concentrate from the zone of electrolysis and from the surface of the anode. A device for implementing the above method of obtaining the above humic concentrate includes an electrolytic bath, a cathode in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with end walls having inlet and outlet pipes, the United in the form of a disk, prescribed in the chute for rotation about its longitudinal axis, or in the form of a drum mounted in the said groove and stretched the said drum, an endless horizontal conveyor. The device also has a device for removal of the target product from the surface of the anode. Method of water purification from impurities, the method of dehydration of plastic media, fashion detoxification of organic compounds, the method of disposal of sewage sludge, the method of creating a soil from natural and artificial soils and restoration of properties and fertility of degraded soils, composting organic waste, the disposal method of precipitation water is carried out at the specified humic concentrate. Improved efficiency in the allocation of humic concentrate, as well as the protection and restoration of the environment. 12 C. and 20 C.p. f-crystals, 25 PL. 6 Il.

The invention relates to the field of protection and restoration of the environment, more precisely to the technologies for the restoration of polluted technogenic products environmental objects, and more specifically the invention relates to humic who soba water purification from inorganic, organic and microbiological impurities, method of dewatering a plastic media, fashion detoxification of organic compounds, the method of disposal of sewage sludge, the method of creating a soil from natural and artificial soils and restoration of properties and fertility of degraded soils, composting organic waste, the disposal method of precipitation water.

The invention will find application in agriculture, utilities big cities, enterprises, activities which accompanies the formation of polluting organic, mineral and/or microbiological waste.

Humic substances are extremely widespread in nature and are the main, and sometimes the most part of natural coal series (oil shale, mineral coal, peat and natural komitov (soil, peat, brown and oxidized coal, as well as river, lake and marine sediment).

The most important part of humic substances comprise humic acid.

Humic acid is a high molecular weight organic compounds with a molecular weight of from 5 to 100 KD. Since each mole the natural substances of komitov and/or coal natural number, where they are in the water-insoluble state, in the form of free acids or their water-insoluble salts, is used alkaline water extraction, usually with an excess of an alkaline reagent. For this are used in practice hydroxide of potassium, sodium, ammonium or organic bases, with whom humic acids to form soluble salts. The resulting extract with a high pH values, containing salts of humic acids and excess alkali. It is due to the significant negative charge of the anions of humic acids, leading to the mutual repulsion of macromolecules and their hydration, provides good solubility and high dispersion of such systems. However, the scope of the alkaline extracts of humic acids is very limited because of the high pH values make them, when used in significant amounts, is toxic to microorganisms and plants, and the high negative charge affects their sorption, flocculation agent and structural properties.

At the same time available humic acids formed in aqueous systems at pH below 3, due to the fact that their macromolecule does not have a noticeable negative charge, aggregated, machining the first surface of their contact with the liquid phase and, as a consequence, adsorption, aggregation, reactivity is significantly reduced. Therefore, the greatest practical interest are the transition States of the molecules of humic acids when they are partially dissociatively. the pH of such systems varies in the interval from 3.5 to 8.

The valuable properties of humic acids and their derivatives determines their use in agriculture, animal husbandry, medicine and for solving many environmental problems.

The known method of humates, including crushing and grinding the original natural komitov (peat or coal), the processing of the extracting agent (a solution of alkali or organic base) with mechanical stirring, separation of the solid phase (sludge) from the liquid phase (HUMATE) and drying HUMATE.

(Humic fertilizers, theory and practice of their application. State publishing house of the agricultural literature, Kiev, 1962, H. 2, S. 528).

The disadvantages of the method are low intensity and long duration of the process, resulting from raw materials mainly extracted fulvic acids and low molecular weight fractions of humic acids. When this occurs swelling of the crushed material with education is ptx2">

The disadvantages of this method are eliminated in another way, including intensive processing of raw materials low-frequency acoustic vibrations and cavitation vibration jets, which dramatically increases the extraction and the yield of humic acids from the feedstock due to its additional oxidation and increases the biological activity of the obtained HUMATE (EN, A, 2042422 B 01 J 8/16, 1991).

However, these methods are suitable only for obtaining water-soluble salts of humic acids.

In the process of extraction recovery in the solution of humates passes a large number of fine particles of raw materials, clay minerals, and other soluble and easily dispersible impurities. Thus, the ash content of humates is 26-70%. Pre-treatment of the feedstock, such as coal, mineral acids, for example sulfuric acid, to achieve some demineralization, thus reducing the ash content of humates to 12-20%. However, this technique significantly increases the cost and complicates the production of humates. (In addition, in the obtained extracts are usually present remains unreacted alkali).

Alkaline reaction solutions of humates and the presence of residues of unreacted alkali onauts in low concentrations (0.005 to 0.1 percent). As substances for detoxification of soil, land, soil, water, industrial and domestic waste humates are not applicable. In addition, due to the large consumption of alkali value of humates is relatively high.

Known methods of isolation of humic acids from solutions of humates by acidification to a pH below 3. For example, a known method of extraction of humic acids from solutions of humates, including their deposition acid, filtering and drying. (SU, A, 169112, C 07 C 63/33, 1966).

Upon acidification of the solution of humates substitution of cations of alkali metals or ammonium ions to hydrogen, and available water-insoluble humic acid precipitate. When this happens the irreversible coagulation of colloids and polymerization of the molecules of humic acids, resulting in sharply reduced surface area, blocked reactive centers and falls of their physico-chemical and biological activity. Together with humic acids in the sediment there is a considerable amount of mineral impurities.

To reduce the ash content of the selected humic acid is subjected to repeated treatment with alkali, filtering, presideny and washing.

The known method has low are also technological complexity separation sludge (humic acids) and liquid phase (alkaline solution), high consumption of washing water precipitated humic acids and high energy costs on their subsequent drying.

In addition, the process of multiple processing humic acid partially lose their native (natural) structure and lose many valuable properties.

Also known is a method of obtaining humic acids, including treatment of a solution of salts of humic acids constant electric current in a diaphragm electrolytic cell with a cation ion exchange membrane (SU, A, 181131, C 07 C 63/33).

This method is carried out in the device containing electrolytic bath, covered with a platinum anode and a cathode, a cation membrane separating the electrolysis bath for the anodic and cathodic zones, constant current source, connections for inlet and outlet of the electrolyte.

According to this method the alkaline extract containing a solution of sodium HUMATE and sodium sulfate are placed in the anode, separated by cation ion exchange membrane space of the two-chamber electrolytic cell. In the cathode space was placed a solution of sodium sulfate. When applying a sufficient potential difference to the electrodes flows through the electrolysis of water. When this anode about the mortar begins to fall free of water-insoluble humic acid, which is then separated from the analyte in the other phones. At the same time in the cathode space is formed by a solution of caustic soda, returned to the stage alkaline extraction of the raw product, as the cation permeable membrane into the cathode space, only the cations sodium and delays the anions of humic acid. The process can only be performed in two or more chamber pot, because you have to maintain an acidic environment in the anode space and the cathode space in the electrolysis process accumulates alkaline solution of sodium hydroxide. In the uniform interelectrode space in the modes indicated in the electrolyte continuously flows through the interaction of alkali with humic acid with the formation of the source of sodium HUMATE, i.e. a total of only electrolysis of water without the formation of the final product.

The disadvantages of the method include high ohmic resistance of the membrane, leading to large energy losses and heating of the electrolyte. This is a significant energy intensity of the process due to the continuous, intense reaction of electrolysis. The need for relatively frequent replacement membrane Uslon the special apparatus for separating the resulting humic acid from the analyte. The method allows to obtain only one product is water-insoluble humic acid. While the final product is precipitated in the sediment humic acid is only part of the volume of the analyte, which makes necessary their subsequent separation from him. This is a separate challenge. Moreover, the thus obtained water-insoluble humic acid at a very high cost, have low physical-chemical activity due to the low availability of their reactive centers that do not allow them to be used for many agricultural, environmental and industrial challenges.

Because of the lack of effective technologies for the production of humic acids with high physical-chemical and biological activity of many environmental and agricultural problems are solved by applying not actually humic acids, and containing a variety of natural materials - houseruling soil, peat, sediment (for example, sapropel), brown coal (for example, crushed lignite and leonardite). These materials are used because of the presence in their composition of humic substances that have a range of positive action on the soil, gnago and they are relatively inactive condition, such materials must be applied in large quantities. When this occurs, the contamination of the processed objects ballast substances and hazardous components, which significantly reduces the ultimate positive effect.

There are different ways of cleaning the surface, underground and waste water, as well as technological solutions from mineral, organic and microbiological contaminants.

So, there is a method of biological purification of water from organic impurities, including mineralization of organic impurities by aerobic microorganisms in intensive oxygen saturation (for example, Mochalov, I. P., Roxiller I. D., Zhuk E., Cleaning and disinfection of wastewater of small settlements. L., stroiizdat, 1993, S. 71-73).

This method, widely used in the practice of wastewater treatment, has many disadvantages, the most important of which are relatively low specific productivity and efficiency due to the low rate of biochemical oxidation of organic substances in waste liquid, comparatively high energy consumption due to high energy costs for aeration of the water, the complexity of the organization and maintenance of the water treatment process due to the sensitivity of the AK is extremely difficult to dehydration and subsequent disposal. In addition, this method is not applicable for treatment of water from surface water bodies if they are instantaneous or systematic contamination, as it is practically impossible to produce a build-up of sludge, especially in the winter, and to carry out the weighing of active sludge in the whole volume of water by aeration.

There is also known a method of water purification from inorganic, organic and microbiological contaminants, including the introduction into the water, antibacterial and other reagents, settling and removing the formed precipitate (e.g., ibid. C. 113, 121, 124).

As reagents used mineral coagulants (aluminium sulphate, sulphate or ferric chloride, and so on), organic flocculants (polyacrylamide and derivatives based on it), various combinations of coagulants and flocculants, bactericidal substances (chlorine, ozone, and others).

The disadvantages of this method include the relatively high cost of coagulants and flocculants, bactericidal substances, the dependence of the efficiency of the treatment on the composition and concentrations of pollutants and temperature, the formation of large amounts of precipitation are difficult to dehydration and subsequent disposal. Seriesname reservoirs due to the toxicity of the reagents and the possibility of contamination of their water reservoirs.

The result of the activity of enterprises, industries are plastic suspensions, such as sewage sludge, drilling muds, which are to be transported from the place of their formation and accumulation on a special space where they try as much as possible to neutralize and to bury them so that they were not a cause of environmental pollution.

However, the transport of fluid suspensions is technologically challenging, despite the fact that the initial suspension subjected to dehydration before they purchase bulk properties, would be more easily transportable and should be more reliable disposal.

There is a method of dehydration of such suspensions, which consists in filtering the original product through a specially created complex in construction of the device, with subsequent drainage of the filtrate and thus partial dehydration of the raw product (SU, A, 1212494).

However, this method does not provide the original product in bulk state, and, in addition, the filtering process is constantly interrupted due to the fact that the filter surface becomes clogged with particles of the dispersed phase of the suspension and sediments from the isms, fixed it and grow quickly.

There is also known a method of processing suspensions, including an introduction to the suspension of the reagents-coagulants or flocculants (Gvozdev B. S., Ksenofontov. Purification of industrial wastewater and sludge. Moscow. Chemistry. 1988). As coagulants used aluminium sulphate, ferric chloride. As flocculants used synthetic, mainly organic compounds on the basis of polyacrylamide. The introduction and mixing of the suspension of the reactants leads to the coarsening of the dispersed phase of a suspension, with the result that they can be separated from the liquid phase, for example, by settling, filtration, centrifugation. The disadvantages of this method lie in the comparative high cost of coagulants and especially flocculants, required the use of special technical means for separating solid and liquid media, namely, settling tanks, filters, and centrifuges. But the main disadvantage is in the product, the moisture content of which exceeds the yield point, resulting in its transportation and further processing very difficult.

Environment significantly deteriorates due to toxica the Yu household and industrial waste, contain toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic organic compounds, namely hydrocarbon oil and oil products, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (anthracene, benzopyrene, dibenz (a, h) anthracene, and so on), polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons (polycarbosilane, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, and so on), pesticides, and other chemicals of organic origin.

There are several groups of methods of detoxification such organic compounds. So, there is a method of detoxification of dioxins by their decomposition in the process of photolysis occurring both in sunlight and under irradiation with ultraviolet light. (Worthy W. Chem. Eng. News, 1983, 6 June, p. 51-56). A known method of disposal of waste containing dioxins, by burning at temperatures above 2220o. Chem. Eng. News, 1985, v. 63, No. 102, p. 7).

There is also known a method of detoxification of chlorinated organic compounds by microbial decomposition. (J. A. Bumpus, M. Tien, D. Wright et al., Science, 1985, v. 228, N 4706, p.1434 -1436; J. Dusheek, Science News, 1985, v.127, N 25, p. 391). However, all these methods are characterized by low efficiency, high cost and availability of waste (in the case of burning).

There is a method of removing hydrocarbon contamination of the soil is kreplennymi on its surface organic radicals (SU, A, N 1289875).

This method does not provide an effective detoxification of organic compounds and its application to eliminate hydrocarbon contamination of soils is not economically advisable due to the high cost modified alkylchlorosilanes. In addition, this substance with respect to the ground is a xenobiotic and worsens agrochemical properties.

There is a method of detoxification of toxic chemicals contained in soil and plants comprising applying to the objects that contain toxic chemicals, substances, humus nature, at the same time as humic substances of nature are used salts of humic acids (SU, A, N 460037). Used in this way HUMATE sodium at a concentration of more than 0.01% of phytotoxic when you use substance and oppressing not only the plants and soil microflora. HUMATE sodium at a concentration in solution of 0.005-0.01% has a stimulating effect on the growth and development of plants. This effect of reducing the amount of pesticides in plants caused not so much by their decomposition, as by the decrease in concentration due to the large mass of plants.

The known method is not practically applicable to detoxify soils and other objects with a high level of pollution Percy is otverzhdaetsya, at the level of inaccuracy of experience. With very high risk of salinization of natural objects.

Environment significantly destroyed also precipitation of municipal wastewater generated in the aeration plants containing large amounts of toxic components, in particular, salts of heavy metals, as well as mutagenic, carcinogenic and other harmful substances. For this reason, methods for detoxification and storage of sewage sludge in order to avoid environmental pollution.

A method of processing sewage sludge for dewatering, which consists in mixing the sewage sludge with lime, taken in the quantity of 50-350% by weight of dry sediment, subsequent condensation of the resulting mass to a moisture content of 93-96%, and then mechanically dewatered to a moisture content of 60-80%. The dehydrated product is used in agriculture for fertilizers and alkalizing acid soils, and in case of his burning the regeneration of lime, which can be reused (SU, A, 468894).

This method does not provide detoxification of sewage sludge and leads to pollution of their toxic is x followed by plowing places of Deposit (SU, A, 515482). However, the amounts of generated sewage sludge significantly exceed the amount of ash dumps and tailings, which are also located in remote mining and processing areas. In addition, this technology does not provide detoxification of sewage sludge and leads to environmental pollution toxic components of sewage sludge.

A known method of disposal of sewage sludge, including their mixing with peat and mineral components and the soil as organic fertilizer (SU, A, 836005).

There is also known a method of disposal of sewage sludge, which consists in their mixing with the coal ash in the ratio(20 : 1) - (1 : 9) and introduced into the soil as organic fertilizer (SU, A, 387920).

Mixing of sediment from peat, and other organic and inorganic substances does not result in the removal or binding of toxic components, resulting in contained in sewage sludge heavy metal ions migrate to the plants and ground water, poisoning thus crop production and polluting groundwater. In addition to the salts of heavy metals in sewage sludge contains hararge the substance, and the application of these methods leads to a reduction of their negative effects on the environment and humans.

The use of sewage sludge as fertilizer is possible in limited quantities and periodically, that is, according to the norms of application, and in a certain period of time, while their education at stations aeration cities occurs continuously. The cost of warehousing and storage of fertilizers from precipitation, especially in the city or in the suburbs, followed by the conclusion in reasonably distant fields, making their use in agriculture is not economically profitable.

In addition, when the drying of the sewage sludge are exposed to wind erosion, resulting in air pollution with dust, with a strong carcinogenic effect. For these reasons, the use of sewage sludge as fertilizer is prohibited.

You know the creation of fertile soil (technogenic soils from natural (sand, clay, sandy loam, loam, gravel-sand mixture) and artificial (waste from mining and mining and processing industry, ash wastes, construction soils etc.,) of soil in order to restore p is stranded and salt marshes, as well as the restoration of agrophysical and agrochemical properties and fertility of degraded soils, including soils in humid tropical and subtropical climatic zones, soil greenhouses and greenhouses.

There are two main groups of methods for creating soils in natural and artificial soils. The first group includes methods based on the introduction in the soil or on the surface is not typical for soils of substances with structural and moisture properties. The second group includes methods based on the introduction in the soil or on the surface of the natural components of the soil or fertile soil.

So, there is a method of increasing field capacity of sandy soils and soils, including the introduction of hydrophobic particles of talc and silicone powders (SU, A, 286375, A 01 B 79/00, 1969).

The disadvantage of this method is that the application for alien soil substances does not solve the main problem, i.e. the creation of fertile soil as a complex natural system with a set of specific physico-chemical, agro-chemical, microbiological and other properties. In addition, this method of increasing the water holding capacity of soils economy is fertile layer of soil, including the application of the sapropel layer of soil, silt with humus particles (SU, A, 934943, A 01 B 79/00, 1980).

Known method of land reclamation, including the application on the ground quasirandom soil layer (SU, A, 1391521, A 01 B 79/00, 1986).

As you know, humus defines the basic properties and soil fertility. Therefore, the introduction into the soil or on the surface humanitarias materials - sapropelic mud, peat, or houseruling soil is a natural way to create topsoil. However, the cost of extraction and transportation of sapropel or peat is very expensive, and homoserine soils are scarce, especially in areas where there is need to create fertile soil, i.e. in the areas of construction, location of mining enterprises, dumps, landfills. In addition, excavation of the sapropel, peat and especially the fertile soil of their natural occurrence and distribution leads to irreversible destruction of the existing ecosystems. That is, for the recovery, reclamation and landscaping of disturbed and contaminated as a result of economic activity of lands in one place, it is necessary to disrupt natural ecosystems elsewhere. It should also be noted that VM diseases of plants, animals and humans.

But the main disadvantage of this method is that the humus content in houseruling the soil does not exceed a few percent, and the rest is accounted for by mineral part of the soil and water. That is the main part of the expenditure on dredging, transportation and laying of ballast that do not have a main effect on soil properties.

It is known that in the process of intensive exploitation of the soil is their degradation with partial or complete loss of main agrophysical and agrochemical properties and fertility. The main causes of soil degradation and loss of fertility are the following: rapid decomposition and mineralization of soil organic matter, physical and chemical weathering (destruction) minerals of the soil, leaching of soil nutrients, the absence of adsorption centers in the soil.

Known way to restore properties and fertility of degraded soils, including the introduction into the soil of large doses of mineral fertilizers and natural humus (see, for example, Krupnov, A. A., Bazin E. T., Floors, M. C. Use of peat and peat deposits in the national economy. M., Nedra, 1992, S. 140).

Disadvantages given the composition of the peat, rapid leaching of mineral fertilizers. In addition, soils with peat are weed seeds and plant pathogens.

There is also known a method of restoring properties and fertility of degraded soils, including the introduction in natural soil humanitarias substances, mineral substances and fertilizers (see, for example, ibid., S. 112).

The disadvantages of this method include the relatively rapid mineralization of natural humanitarias substance, which is peat, resulting from soil leached nutrients, and it quickly loses its properties and fertility.

A method of obtaining fertilizer from organic waste (e.g. municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, wood waste, manure), including composting under aerobic and anaerobic conditions with the application of mineral fertilizers (see , for example, Reproduction of humus and economic and biological Cycling of organic matter in agriculture. Recommendations. Moscow, VO "Agropromizdat", 1989, S. 15-16, 42-43, 11).

However, the composting process is very long, while 70-80% of the organic matter is mineralized and only the values and utilities, including mixed waste, peat and limestone flour, and joint composting and use of compost as organic fertilizer (see, for example, Krupnov, A. A., Bazin E. T., Popov M. C., the Use of peat and peat deposits in the national economy. M., Nedra, 1992, S. 69-70).

When the composting process is very long with high consumption of natural organic matter of peat (1.5 to 3 tons per ton of waste). In addition, up to 70% of organic matter is mineralized and only up to 15-30% organic matter humidities.

Thus, when the composting of organic waste takes place two opposite process of transformation of organic matter mineralization with the formation of simple chemical compounds and humification with the formation of resistant to decomposition of complex organic substances that determine soil fertility. One of the problems of modern agriculture is the problem of reducing the content of humus in the soil caused by the use of intensive technologies of cultivation of the land, a long and active use of mineral fertilizers, increasing the share of cultivated crops and the lack of post is holding humus in soils due to fertilizer, containing mainly humified organic matter.

Purification of tap water with the use of coagulants, flocculants, deodorizing and disinfecting means is accompanied by the formation of relatively large amounts of precipitation.

In the sediments contain minerals, predominantly silt and clay minerals of natural origin; aluminium sulphate is used as a coagulant in water treatment, various organic substances of natural origin or artificially introduced into the water to intensify the process of its purification.

Known methods of treatment of sludge water treatment plants, resulting in the dewatering of sediments in natural or artificial conditions. The obtained precipitation is warehoused on a specially prepared areas (see, for example, settled in Switzerland, but the Technology of purification of natural waters. M., High school, 1987, S. 347-349).

Storage of precipitation is the only practical method, as numerous attempts sediment disposal as additives in the manufacture of bricks, pottery, cement and so on, do not give a positive result because of the high cost is the Denia and irrational use of large areas of land, the shortage and high cost which is typical for large cities.

Thus, many of today's pressing issues of the protection and restoration of the environment are not a good solution because of the lack of affordable, accessible and environmentally safe products based on their use of technologies with environmental events.

The basis for the claimed of the invention is to create a new product such structures and of such composition and method thereof in such mode and on such installations, which would allow them to produce on an industrial scale humic concentrate having a high physico-chemical and biological activity that would effectively and reliably to protect and restore the natural environment through water purification from impurities, dehydration plastic media, detoxification of organic compounds, utilization of sewage sludge, create soil from natural and artificial soils and restoring properties and fertility of degraded soils, and composting polluting the natural environment of organic wastes and recycling of precipitation water.

This task is solved in that Sarateni contains hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural, chemically related to contained humic acids.

Thanks to the present invention a new humic concentrate has a high sorption, ion, flocculation and aggregation and biological activity.

It is possible that humic concentrate according to the claimed invention is a product obtained by electrochemical salts of humic acids formed during the alkaline extraction reagent called natural raw materials, and contains hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids.

A variant of the claimed invention is humic concentrate, representing a product, the receipt of which is carried out by electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids, pre-extracted with an alkaline reagent from natural raw materials, conducted at the anode electric potential sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than photocentral, continuously withdrawn from the zone of electrolysis.

In accordance with the claimed invention, it is expedient to humic concentrate contains from about 0.5 to about 27.0 wt.% hydrated humic acids, from about 0.5 to about 27.0 wt.% salts of humic acids, from about 0.5 to about 2.5 wt.% mineral components of the original komitov and coal natural number, represented mainly polymeric compounds of iron, aluminum, silicon, chemically related to contained humic acids, and water, the maximum number of which is about 90 wt.%.

When identifying and assessing the inventive concentrate may be guided by the following characteristic parameters: the content in this new product humic acids, cations of alkaline reagent, humidity, ash content, number of - COOH and-OH groups, solubility in water at different initial moisture content of the product, the pH of the product.

Most reasonable humic concentrate be done by electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids, pre-extracted with an alkaline reagent from natural komitov and coal natural number, with the formation of the target toe in a single zone between the anode and cathode when the anode electric potential, sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential of the discharge hydroselenic ions, with the formation on the surface of the anode target humic concentrate containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically United with contained humic acids, while removing the target concentrate with this surface carried out continuously.

It is expedient according to the invention to use an anode made of graphite.

To ensure high product yield, it is expedient according to the invention to use an anode having a surface coating of ruthenium dioxide.

Suitable for the inventive electrochemical obtain the claimed humic concentrate to use the device, including electrolytic bath with an anode and a cathode connected to a source of electric current having inlet and outlet pipes, which according to the invention the cathode is an electrolysis bath in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with end walls, and the anode is made in the form of a drum, coaxially aligned with a gap, set ustwo has a device for removing a target product with the cylindrical surface of the drum.

An embodiment of the inventive device is that the device for removing a target product is made in the form of a scraper that is installed with the possibility of changing the angle of touch with the surface of the drum, which ensures the completeness of the removal of the product from the surface of the anode.

Possibly suitable for electrochemical obtain the claimed humic concentrate to use the device, including electrolytic bath with an anode and a cathode connected to a source of electric current having inlet and outlet pipes, which according to the invention has at least one cathode, which represents an electrolysis bath in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with transverse walls, and at least one anode, which is made in the form of a disk that is installed in the chute for rotation about its longitudinal axis, while the inventive device has at least two devices for removing a target product with each end surface of the named disk.

The inventive device allows to get in the inventive electrochemical process humic concentrate containing the hydrated the ski associated with contained humic acids.

An embodiment of the inventive devices is that each device for removing a target product with the end surface of the anode is a scraper mounted with the possibility of changing the angle of its inclination relative to the corresponding end surface of the disk, which will ensure the completeness of the removal of the product from the surface of the anode.

Suitable for the inventive electrochemical obtain the claimed humic concentrate to use the device, including electrolytic bath with an anode and a cathode connected to a source of electric current having inlet and outlet pipes, which according to the invention the cathode is an electrolysis bath in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with end walls, and the anode is made in the form of a drum, coaxially with a gap set in the said groove and made of electrically conductive material, a horizontal endless conveyor stretched the said drum by at least one tension pulley that is installed outside the electrolysis cell and in contact with the inner surface of the conveyor, this proposed ustroistvoto. The proposed device allows you to get in the context of the inventive electrochemical process humic concentrate containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids.

An embodiment of the inventive device is that called the drum is mounted for rotation around its longitudinal axis, which moves the conveyor belt and allows you to continuously withdraw the product from the reaction zone.

An embodiment of the inventive device is that the tension roller is mounted for rotation around its axis, which moves the conveyor belt and allows you to continuously withdraw the product from the reaction zone.

In accordance with the claimed invention, it is expedient that the device for removal of the target product from the surface of the endless conveyor was made in the form of a scraper that is installed with the possibility of changing the angle of touch with the outer surface of the endless conveyor, which ensures the completeness of the removal of the product from powerhouse introduction into the water of the reagent, providing a chemical linking these impurities through the formation of insoluble sludge, the subsequent assertion of water and removing the resulting precipitate, which according to the invention as a reagent that provides chemical binding of impurities, use of humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids, in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 1.50% by weight of purified water, which allows to remove from the water of suspended impurities, microorganisms and heavy metal ions.

In accordance with the invention, to improve the quality of cleaning after the introduction of water called humic concentrate, water is injected calcium hydroxide in the amount of 5-30% by weight entered humic concentrate.

The problem is solved also by way of dehydration plastic media, carried out by the diversion of these environments of water, which according to the invention before water diversions in the source CPE is practical by means of natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids, and then injected from about 1 to about 30 wt.% at least one crushed natural material selected from the group including calcium and magnesium-containing Mineraly and breed.

To accelerate the dehydration process in accordance with the claimed invention is useful as a natural material to use limestone.

The problem is solved also by way of detoxification of organic compounds by linking their natural organic materials, and according to the invention as such material is used humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids.

For binding and subsequent complete decomposition of organic pollutants according to the invention it is expedient IP is allow variable valence to accelerate the decomposition of organic compounds.

It is expedient according to the invention to use humic concentrate in an amount of from about 0.05 to about 10.0 wt.% by weight of the processed material contaminated with organic compounds as the optimum time to obtain a positive effect.

The problem is solved thanks to the method of disposal of sewage sludge, including dehydration, which according to the invention in the dewatered sewage sludge is injected humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained humic acids, taken in an amount from about 0.1 to about 10.0% by weight of dehydrated sewage sludge, after which the resulting mass together with household and/or industrial waste warehoused in the form of layers, with each layer of the received weight stacked on top of each layer of the household and/or industrial waste for forming sealing and gasosaurus layers, separating the body of the landfill. According to the claimed invention, it is expedient first and last P CLASS="ptx2">

The problem is solved also by way of creating soils from natural and artificial soils and restoration of properties and fertility of degraded soils by making these soils and soil natural organic materials, which according to the invention as natural organic materials using humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained humic acids.

For the formation of montmorillonite complex structure and increase water retention and nutrient properties, it is expedient according to the invention after making called humic concentrate in soils and soil to contribute calcium, magnesium, and silicon-containing substance.

It is expedient according to the invention called humic concentrate to contribute to the named soils and soil in the form of a mixture with the calcium-, magnesium-containing substances, and then in soils and soil to Deposit silicon-containing substance.

Soglasiye, the lime.

According to the invention suitable as a magnesium-containing material to use dolomite, magnesite, magnesium lime.

According to the invention suitable as a silicon-containing material to use silicon dioxide having a specific surface area of at least 20 square meters per 1 gram of the above mentioned material.

The problem is solved thanks to the composting of organic waste, including the introduction of under stirring in an organic waste of natural organic material and minerals, composting mixture in conditions of aeration at a temperature of 25-30oC to obtain organic fertilizer, which according to the invention as a natural organic material used humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained humic acids.

According to the invention suitable as a mineral substances to use chalk, isiii precipitation water, including dehydration, which according to the invention in dewatered precipitation water injected from about 0.05 to about 10.0 wt.% humic concentrate, obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing gidratirovannye humic acid, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained humic acids, after which the resulting product contribute to the soil and/or soil and restore properties and increase the fertility of the soil.

Further objectives and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the subsequent detailed description of humic concentrate, the method of obtaining humic concentrate devices for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate, the method of water purification from impurities, method of dewatering a plastic media, fashion detoxification of organic compounds, the method of disposal of sewage sludge, the method of creating a soil from natural and artificial soils and restoration of properties and fertility of degraded soils, composting of organic waste and method of disposal of precipitation water, and to the creation for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate according to the invention,

Fig. 2 - the same, the incision in the direction of the line P-P in Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 schematically depicts another embodiment of a device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate according to the invention,

Fig. 4 - the same, the incision in the direction of the line IV-IV in Fig. 3,

Fig. 5 schematically depicts another embodiment of a device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate according to the invention,

Fig. 6 is a top view.

According to the claimed invention created a new product - humic concentrate of natural komitov and coal natural number, and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained humic acids. Different ratio of these components of the inventive humic concentrate can vary the chemical, physical, physico-mechanical properties of this product and successfully use it to solve certain problems, aimed at protecting and restoring the natural environment.

High efficiency of humic concentrate as ion exchange, sorption, flocculation and structure of the mother is only part of their acid groups dissociative, which is characteristic of many biological molecules. In the characterization of humic concentrate reflected how different the balance of humic acids and humates. the pH of such systems varies within safe biological objects within. Depending on the degree of diisocyanate molecules of humic acids in the concentrate, the product is capable of dissolution in water of a dry or wet state. At the same time contains a significant amount medicationabana acid groups and having a lower than humates negative charge, humic acid in this state form in aqueous systems, spatial patterns, providing them hozyaistvennaya properties.

Declare humic concentrate, in addition to the above components, contains negligible amounts of organic and mineral impurities, the composition of which depends on the used source of natural raw materials. Under natural raw materials are understood to be natural humity and the natural number of coal - shale oil, mineral coal, peat.

In contrast to the claimed humic concentrate feedstock depending on the origin, except almost no hydrated humic acids, can silikaty.

For peat and lolitapicture brown coal characteristic distinguishable by the eye of various plant residues: lignins, cellulose, carbohydrate compounds, mono-, di-, tri-and polysaccharides, nitrogen - and sulfur-containing derivatives (amino acids, glycosides, substituted thiols, sulfides, peptides).

More specifically, the claimed humic concentrate may contain from about 0.5 to about 27.0 wt.% hydrated humic acids, from about 0.5 to about 27.0 wt. % of salts of humic acids, from about 0.5 to about 2.5 wt.% mineral components of the original komitov and coal natural number, represented mainly polymeric compounds of iron, aluminum, silicon, chemically related to contained humic acids, and from 70 to 90 wt. % of water. the pH of the inventive humic concentrate may be thus the value of from 3.0 to 8.0.

Declare humic concentrate can be characterized by three main types (A, B, and C).

Type A - humic concentrate containing (dry matter) more than 90 wt.% hydrated humic acids. The product has a humidity of 70-85% and the consistency of water-insoluble pasty or granular raw mass with a pH of 3-4.

Type B - humic to the 90-75%, pH 4-6,5. The product is a jelly-like mass, soluble in water, but loses water after drying.

Type C - humic concentrate containing (dry matter) from 60 to 5 wt. % hydrated humic acids, with humidity 90-80% and a pH of 6.5-8. The product is easily soluble in water mass of a plastic consistency, not losing water solubility at drying.

Ash dry part of humic concentrates of all types in the range of 5-10 wt.% (on dry matter).

According to the claimed invention, it is expedient called humic concentrate obtained by electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids, carried out in a single zone between the anode and cathode when the anode electric potential sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential discharge of hydroxyl ions. In these modes on the surface of the anode is formed of the target product, the removal of which this surface is continuous.

In accordance with the claimed invention, it is expedient when a new humic concentrate to use an anode made anode electric potential, sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential discharge of hydroxyl ions. In addition to the above, the anode material should provide in terms of the imposition of the positive electrode capacity, reliable adhesion - adhesion formed on the anode target product is claimed humic concentrate and, thus, to eliminate the possibility of loss resulting product in the form of a precipitate in the electrolyte, followed by dissolving in it. Furthermore, the material of the anode must have a mechanical strength sufficient to be able to perform the continuous removal from the anode target product, excluding damage. Continuous removal of the anode target product reliably excludes its passivation. According to the claimed invention, such a material may be, for example, graphite, ruthenium dioxide. In accordance with the claimed invention, when carrying out the described method of obtaining the use of the anode, made for example of graphite or ruthenium dioxide.

In the proposed method of obtaining humic concentrate in a single electrode area injected aqueous solution of humates, obtained by alkaline extraction of raw materials. humic acids with the formation of adhered on the surface of the anode foil spatial polymer, highly viscous and almost locking in the anode space of the anions of humic acids. Thanks to this film simultaneously occur: the process of acidification with transition anions of humic acids in free acid and removal of the anode space of alkali metal ions and/or ammonium and the process of electroosmotic dewatering. The depth of these processes depends, as mentioned above, the anode potential of the anode material, and the concentration of HUMATE, and the time from the moment of formation of the polymer film prior to its removal. This allows for one process to get a whole range of different products (humic concentrates), which differ in the degree of substitution of alkali cations on hydrogen polybasic humic acids. As the electrochemical process, the electrolyte is enriched with alkali and his return to the stage extraction.

The inventive method does not require additional devices to separate the desired product from the electrolyte. The method allows to directly obtain a full range of products on the basis of humic acids from different solubility, moisture and acidity, as described above.

The inventive device comprises an electrolytic bath, a cathode 1 (Fig. 1) made in the form of a cylindrical trough, with end walls 2 and 3, which are the inlet and outlet pipes 4 and 5. Perhaps the location of the inlet 4 and outlet 5 of the nozzles on the cylindrical surface of the bath 1 opposite one another (Fig. 1 is not shown). In the bottom of the tub 1 has a drain pipe 6 for removal of sludge generated in the electrolyte when carrying out electrolysis, and represents the insoluble impurities of the original salts of humic acids. In the bath on the shaft 7 coaxially with a gap 8 is installed drum anode 9. The left and right ends of the shaft 7 are based on the bearings 10 and 11 (made for example of a dielectric material that allows the rotation of the shaft 7. The cylindrical surface of the drum electrode 9 is covered with a special electrode material, for example graphite, ruthenium dioxide, the end wall of the drum electrode 9 is covered with a dielectric material. One end of shaft 7 is connected via a clutch 12 (vyborna the other end of the shaft 7 has a current-carrying device 14, connected to the positive pole of the constant current source 15. The device 14 provides a supply current to the drum anode 9 through the rotating shaft 7. Bath 1, mounted on the frame 16, is connected with the negative pole of the constant current source 15 and grounded.

The inventive device includes a device 17 (Fig. 2) removal of the target product with the cylindrical surface of the drum anode 9 installed on the tub 1. The device 17 includes a scraper 18 mounted with the possibility of changing the angle of tangency with the cylindrical surface of the drum anode 9.

Fixtures 10, 11, 12 (Fig. 1) and 17, 18 (Fig. 2) provide electrical isolation of the drum electrode 9 from the bath-cathode 1.

The inventive device for electrochemical get a new humic concentrate works as follows.

The original aqueous solution of salts of humic acids, such as HUMATE sodium or potassium, obtained by processing the feedstock solution of an alkaline reagent and separated by sedimentation, filtration, centrifugation served through the pipe 4 into the bath and the cathode 1. Possible supply solution HUMATE as along 1 bath, and across it (Fig. 1 is not shown).

After you Zap dateline movement of the drum anode 9.

From the constant current source 15 through the fixture 14 and the shaft 7 on the drum 9 is applied a positive potential, and the tub 1 serves a negative potential. In the gap 8 between the cylindrical part of the bath-cathode 1 and the drum anode 9 process of electrolysis of a solution of salts of humic acids with the formation on the cylindrical surface of the drum electrode layer 9 of humic concentrate. The current density and the speed of rotation of the drum anode 9 set on the basis of the need to obtain humic concentrate type A, B or C. for Example, when using a graphite anode for producing humic concentrate type a current density set in the range of 300-600 a/m2the concentration of the original solution alone should be 4-8 wt.%, the period of purification of the electrode should be 3-10 seconds. To obtain humic concentrate type B the current density is set in the range of 100-400 a/m2the concentration of the original solution alone should be 6-9 wt.%, the period of purification of the electrode should be 2-5 seconds. To obtain humic concentrate type C current density is set in the range of 50-200 a/m2the concentration of the original solution alone should be 8-10 wt.%, the period of purification EISA (gap 7) on the part of the cylindrical surface of the drum anode 9 humic concentrate is removed from the solution and then removed from this surface by the scraper 18 fixtures 17 and sent to storage or packaging.

In the steady state operation of the device the solution of salt of humic acid is continuously fed through the pipe 4 into the bath and the cathode 1 and continuously take away from it. In the past through the electrolysis area (gap 8) the solution of salt of humic acid decreases the concentration of the organic component of the solution and increases pH. Withdrawn from the bath-cathode solution sent for reuse as a solvent for the processing of raw materials. Depending on the pH of this solution it is additionally injected alkaline reagent.

In the process of electrolysis of a solution of salts of humic acids from him comes in the form of sludge, carbon and clay components of the feedstock, which the accumulation is removed from the bath-cathode 1 through the drain pipe 6.

Obtaining claimed concentrate may be performed using another device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate from natural komitov and natural carbon number containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the raw materials, chemically related to contained in concentrate of humic acids.

The inventive device includes electronisounds wall 19 (Fig. 3) on a separate partition 20, end walls 2 and 3 with the inlet 4 and outlet 5 nozzles designed for inlet and outlet of the solution of salt of humic acid. The solution of salt of humic acid fills the entire volume of the bath 1, shimmering through the wall 19. In each section 20 from two opposite sides can be made inlet and outlet pipes, and can also be done the drain pipe. In each section 19 between a pair of wall 19 has an anode 21 (Fig. 3, 4) made in the form of a disk, each end surface of which forms with each opposite wall 19 of the zones 22 and 23 (Fig. 3) electrolysis. Thus the anodes 21, available in every section 19, is connected between a common shaft 7, mounted for rotation around its longitudinal axis in bearings 10 and 11, made for example of a dielectric material. At one end of the shaft 7 mounted sleeve 12 made of a dielectric material and connecting the shaft 7 with the actuator 13. At the other end of the shaft 7 has a feed device 14, connected to the positive potential source 15 DC. Tub 1 having a wall 2, 3 and 19, is connected with the negative potential source 15 DC.

Lips which contains scrapers 18, installed on both sides of the end surfaces of each anode 21 with the possibility of changing the angle of inclination with respect to these end faces.

The bearings 10 and 11, the sleeve 12 and the device 17 with scrapers 18 provide electrical isolation of each of the anode 21 and the shaft 7 from the bath-cathode 1, fixed on the frame 16.

The described device for electrochemical get a new humic concentrate works as follows.

The original solution of salt of humic acid on the pipe 4 serves in the bath and the anode 1, all sections of which are filled with the flow of solution through the wall 19. By means of the actuator 13 in the rotation is a shaft 7 and the anode 21. From the constant current source 15 to the anodes 21 serves a positive potential, and the tub 1 and sides 2, 3, 19 - negative. Using a constant current source 15 between the anodes 21 and the walls of the cathodes 2,3,19 establish a potential difference sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential discharge of hydroxyl ions.

In each section 20 in the zones 22 and 23 is the electrolysis of a solution of salts of humic acids. The allocation mechanism of humic concentrate on each anode 21 is similar to that described above. E rotation of each of the anode layer 21 deposited on its end surfaces of humic concentrate derived from a solution of salt of humic acid (electrolyte).

The device 17 using scrapers 18 removes a layer formed of humic concentrate with end surfaces of the disks 21 and directs the product for storage or packing.

The process runs continuously, that is, the rotating electrodes 21 is continuously withdrawn from the electrolyte target product.

After passing through the partition 20, the solution of salt of humic acid is drained from the bath 1 through the discharge pipe 5. From the bath 1 enters the alkaline solution, it is sent for re-processing of raw materials as extractant.

Possible supply source solution of salt of humic acid in all the sections 20 through the pipe 4 and the exhaust through the pipes 5, available in every section 20. In this case, the process of obtaining humic concentrate is happening in each section 2 in the same conditions and is the most rational, and the spent solution in full is returned as the extractant for the processing of raw materials.

During operation of the inventive device is the sediment contained in the original solution of mineral impurities, so that every section 20 periodically discharge the formed sludge through pipe device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate from natural komitov and coal natural number, containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural, chemically related to contained in concentrate of humic acids.

The inventive device comprises an electrolytic bath, a cathode 1 (Fig. 5) made in the form of a horizontally installed gutter with end walls 2 and 3 (Fig. 6), with fixed inlet and outlet pipes 4 and 5, intended for the supply of the source solution HUMATE and exhaust HUMATE. The container 1 has a drain pipe 6.

In the bath 1 on the shaft 7 coaxially with a gap 8 is installed drum anode 24 (Fig. 5). The shaft 7 is supported by bearings 10 and 11, made for example of a dielectric material that allows the rotation of the shaft 7. The end wall of the drum anode 24 or the inner surface of the end walls 2 and 3 are covered with a dielectric material. One end of shaft 7 is connected via a clutch 12 (made for example of a dielectric material) with actuator 13, the number of revolutions which can be adjusted. At the other end of the shaft 7 has a current-carrying device 14, connected to the positive potential source 15 postanvlenie on the frame 16 is connected to the negative potential source 15 DC and grounded. The frame 16 has a tension roller 25 (Fig. 5) and the supporting roller 26 (Fig. 5). The drum 24 and the roller 25 has an endless conveyor 27 (Fig. 5,6) so that the drum 24 and the roller in contact with the inner surface of the endless conveyor 27 (electrically conductive material).

The roller 25 may be provided with an actuator (shown in Fig. not shown).

The inventive device includes a device 17 for removing a target product - humic concentrate, which is attached to the chassis 16 by roller 25 and contains scraper 18 mounted with the possibility of changing the angle of touch with the outer surface of the conveyor 27.

The bearings 10 and 11, a clutch 12, the rollers 15 and 16, the fixture scraper 17 and 18 provide electrical isolation of the anode 24, 27 from the cathode 1.

The inventive device operates as follows.

The original aqueous solution of HUMATE served in the electrolysis bath 1 through the pipe 4 and fill the tub 1 to the specified level. The actuator 13, the drum 24 is driven into rotation, which is transmitted to the conveyor 27 and the rollers 25 and 26. It is possible to cause the rotation of the roller 25 (from the actuator, which in Fig. not shown), indicating the movement of the conveyor 27 and the drum 24 does not rotate. In wannago current on the drum 24 and respectively on the conveyor 27 serves a positive potential, and the tub 1 is negative. That is, the drum 24 and the conveyor 27 are the anode and the bath 1 - cathode. In the gap 8, which is the area of the electrolysis flows through an electrochemical process, the essence of which is set out above, accompanied by a selection from the solution and subsidence on the outer surface of the conveyor 27 target humic concentrate.

The resulting humic concentrate with conveyor 27 is withdrawn from the electrolysis zone (gap 8) and supplied to the roller 25, where it is removed from the surface of the conveyor 27 scraper 18, part of the fixture 17. This humic concentrate is the target product and removed for storage or rastarivanie.

Purified from humic concentrate the outer surface of the conveyor 27 re-enters the zone of electrolysis (gap 8).

Thus, the process of obtaining humic concentrate is carried out continuously. The original HUMATE solution is fed continuously into the bath 1 through the pipe 4 and through electrolysis, continuously withdrawn from the bath 1 through the pipe 5. The spent solution HUMATE is sent for reuse as a solvent for the processing of raw materials.

You what s impurities (typical source Hamitov 4 natural) as it accumulates periodically removed from the bath 1 through the drain pipe 6.

Offer a new product - humic concentrate can be successfully used to solve a variety of environmental and agricultural problems.

Due to the claimed invention, is made possible without the use of expensive coagulants and flocculants to effectively purify water, including water reservoirs, from organic and other impurities to produce precipitation, easy burning without the formation of toxic compounds and waste by composting and/or disposal in landfills.

When implementing the proposed method of water purification in the source liquid containing soluble and insoluble inorganic, organic and microbiological pollution are introduced with stirring the above-described humic concentrate. When this happens, the sorption of water-soluble impurities, coagulation, and flocculation of dispersed (insoluble) impurities. As natural polymers, humic concentrate forms a spatial structure, which includes soluble and insoluble organic and inorganic impurities.

As mentioned above, the claimed and proposed the use of humic concentrate includes molecules, associates and aggregates. Strait surface and volumetric sorption of viruses associates humic concentrate, as well as sorption of molecules, associates and aggregates concentrate on microbial cells, zoo - and phytoplankton. When this surface physico-chemical properties of microbiological impurities, as the object of exposure, do not play a significant role, as determined by the physico-chemical properties of humic concentrate.

After the introduction of humic concentrate it is possible to introduce into the water calcium lime (calcium hydroxide). While humic concentrate binds calcium and becomes water-insoluble form with the formation of easily settling flakes, including pollution. If the amount of humic concentrate for typical types and concentrations of impurities is 0.01-2.5 wt.% from the mass of water to be treated, the quantity of lime by dry substance is 5-30% by weight of humic concentrate.

Processed humic concentrate and calcium lime water defend, the precipitate is removed and dewatered by any of known methods (sedimentation, filtration, centrifugation, etc). Dewatered sludge is burned at a temperature of at least 800oC because at this temperature, decomposed substances of humic concentrate without the formation of any group. If the sludge contains toxic substances, bury it in special landfills.

In the case of purification of contaminated water reservoir formed flocs settle to the bottom and do not render harmful influence on the environment.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate is proposed to carry out the dehydration plastic media.

The inventive method of dewatering a plastic environments allows to obtain a granular product which is easy to transport and subsequent processing.

In the proposed method, a plastic medium (slurry) that you want as much as possible to dehydrate, mixed with taken in an amount of 0.1 to 3.0 wt.% humic concentrate in soluble form.

Humic concentrate when introduced into the suspension sorbed on the surface of the mineral and organic components of the suspension or absorb them on their surface, eliminating the contrast in the expression of their surface physico-chemical properties. The greatest influence of humic concentrate on the original suspension, as research has shown, are manifested in the introduction of the above concentrate in an amount of 0.1 to 3.0 wt is radnih materials, namely Ca-containing rocks and/or minerals and/or Mg-containing rocks and/or minerals. Examples of these natural materials can serve as dolomite, limestone, marl, silica gel. The introduction of these materials leads to the formation of well-structured loose weight, in other words, humic concentrate, interaction with magnesium, in the case of dolomite, or calcium, in the case of limestone in suspension forms a water-insoluble compounds - HUMATE magnesium or calcium HUMATE, which, combining organic and mineral components, create a solid three-dimensional structure, having strength in the pores and capillaries which is the liquid phase.

The external manifestation of the positive effect is to move the suspension of fluid status in coherently-structured or visco-plastic state. The water from the pores and capillaries of such an environment is easily removed under the action of its own weight, pressure or mechanical means.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate is proposed to carry out detoxification of organic compounds.

The inventive method of detoxification of organic compounds can provide the Le which is accelerated decomposition.

For this humic concentrate in an amount of from about 0.05 to about 10% of type a or b is introduced into objects containing organic ecotoxicants in the first place is the adsorption of the latter on high-molecular humic acids present in significant quantities in the inventive concentrate. Adsorption occurs on the type of hydrophobic interactions and/or covalent binding. After the formation of the complex processes dechlorination of polychlorinated organic compounds with a parallel-series reactions oxidation-hydroxylation and polychlorinated polycyclic compounds. The oxidation-hydroxylation significantly accelerated with the introduction of humic concentrate, micro-doses of water-soluble compounds of metals of variable valence, such as Nickel, manganese and so on, which are the catalysts for these processes.

This kind of transformation of organic xenobiotics translates them from the persistent (stable) condition available for microbial degradation state. At high levels of contamination of environmental objects organic compounds their microflora is depressed and not str the soil, that is, the substrate on which they live and grow well microorganisms, the introduction provides the increased activity of the microflora. While microorganisms, Cerberus on humic acids actively destroy the concentrated there, the organic xenobiotic. Accelerate the decomposition of organic pollutants is achieved by the joint introduction of contaminated objects they humic concentrate and hydrocarbon and other microorganisms. Now the introduction of microorganisms into the already processed humic concentrate objects.

Along with the detoxification of organic pollutants, application of humic concentrate provides increased capacity and fertility of soils, improving the structure and properties of soils. It also increases the cohesion and resistance to water and wind erosion of various kinds of waste and increase the degree of purification of technical solutions, natural and waste waters from various impurities.

The inventive method enables the detoxification of composts and sewage sludge due to irreversible binding and transfer in the stationary state of the mobile forms of heavy metals.

For this humic concentrate in caliceal as quasirandom organic-mineral fertilizer in a dose of 20-40 t/ha of dry matter once in four or five years.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate is proposed to carry out the disposal of sewage sludge.

The proposed method of disposal of sewage sludge allows for the disposal of household and industrial waste, excluding the deterioration of the ecological state of the environment.

Used in this way humic concentrate, taken in an amount from about 0.1 to about 10.0 wt.% forms present in sewage sludge and heavy metal ions, water-insoluble compounds. Formation of water-insoluble compounds of the cations of heavy metals with humic concentrate prevents their migration and prevents thereby entering groundwater and plants (when depositing sewage sludge). The resulting compounds act like colloidal glue, bonding of mineral and organic particles of sediment and forming of these spatial structure. Having a high water-holding capacity, humic concentrate holds water in the form of physically bound and immobilized water, thus providing an additional coupling of sediment particles by electrostatic and capillary forces. In sosaku the rate of sediment filtration, numerically equal to the filtration rate becomes equal to or less than the permeability is featured as an insulating soil loam (10-3m/day).

The application dose of humic concentrate in sewage sludge is determined by the total content of cations of heavy metals, degree of dehydration (moisture), the ratio of the concentration of organic and mineral substances and is 0.1-15% by weight of dry matter of precipitation.

According to the claimed invention obtained in this way, the mass is a material that can be stored in landfills for disposal of municipal and industrial waste landfills municipal and industrial waste), using as an insulating material.

Technologies development and maintenance of landfills for the disposal of domestic and industrial wastes provided for their accommodation in specially prepared pits with concrete or clay waterproof base. When this waste is deposited in layers of a thickness of 2 m and each layer should be isolated from each other by the insulating layer soil thickness of 0.3 m as an insulating soils should be applied splink isdelete the body of the landfill and to prevent the development of intensive microbiological, the gas-generating and thermal processes. But most importantly, the insulating layers should prevent the entry of surface water from rain, snowmelt, and so on, as well as groundwater in the body of the landfill, as the water, feasting upon the body of the landfill, the harmful and toxic substances into toxic filtrate, then pollutes the soil, surface water and groundwater. This needs insulating substrates such that it is necessary to build special quarries loam and clay.

In practice, construction and maintenance of landfills for the disposal of household and industrial waste insulating layers of the soil does not stack due to the lack of natural sources of loam and clay, or the high cost of their production. For this reason, these polygons are transformed into zones of ecological disaster primarily because of environmental pollution by leachate.

According to the invention on each layer of waste (domestic or industrial) stack layer from the mass of sewage sludge and humic concentrate, with a layer weight of sewage sludge and humic concentrate is placed first in the base of the landfill and on its surface after waste disposal. The waste layer should be at , from the mass of sewage sludge and humic concentrate, insulating layers of waste (domestic and industrial) from each other and from the ingress of water in them, to divide the body of the landfill on separate layers, between which stop the processes of heat, mass and gas exchange. If this solves the main problem preventing the entry of water formed when rain, snowmelt, floods, which, when saturated with oxygen, greatly accelerates the oxidation of organic matter and, consequently, is increased by gases from the body of the landfill. In addition, preventing the formation of the filtrate, that is, water that has passed through the body of the landfill and saturated toxic ions of heavy metals, harmful polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons carcinogenic organochlorine compounds, etc., and which is the main source of pollution of groundwater and surface water.

Thus, locking in sewage sludge heavy metal ions and making them waterproof, humic concentrate in the composition of the layers of sludge isolates the body of the landfill and, thus, prevent secondary pollution of natural environment. In addition, thanks to the present method, the question of the Deposit of sewage sludge as IP designed for the extraction of loam and clay, used for the formation of insulating layers on landfills for the storage of household and industrial waste. This excludes the cost of production of natural soil from these quarries.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate is proposed to carry out the creation of soils from natural and artificial soils and restore properties and fertility of degraded soils.

Natural soils (sand, gravel, sandy gravel, sandy loam, loam, clay) are characteristic of areas of construction of various buildings, structures, roads and so on, These soils are susceptible to wind and water erosion as the surface is not protected vegetation, including herbaceous cover. Vegetation on these soils is not developed or is developing very slowly. For landscaping (sodding) such soil on the surface is placed a layer of imported soil thickness of 10-30 cm, which is developing vegetation, protecting the soil and creating favorable environmental background.

Saline as a result of human activity land and natural salt marshes, as well as contaminated with organic pollutants, including netart is, the for soils, as are disrupted or completely stopped characteristic of soil processes, and growing vegetation on them toxicologically dangerous to animals and humans.

Saline lands subjected to reclamation by various methods, including washed with water, and contaminated land or collect and bury in a special burial grounds, or fall asleep inert materials with the subsequent laying a layer of imported soil.

Arid and semi-arid land, which is not the soil in the proper sense of this word, it is also advisable to refer to natural soils. Soils on these lands create mainly due to styling imported soils with a high content of humus.

Artificial soils are mainly deposited in the appropriate space in the form of heaps, dumps and landfills, the waste industry and construction. These soils include slag and ash metallurgical plants, power plants, waste incineration plants, waste recycling and mineral processing, construction waste and so on

The planting of such soils carried out mainly by application of a layer of imported soil, peat is humus. The basis of humus are mainly calcium and magnesium salts of humic acids.

Introduction in natural and artificial soils and degraded soils, which are characterized by complete absence or low content gumusovogon substances, humic acids and/or derivatives thereof, is effective by creating soil. Source of humic acids and their derivatives in this case are not soil, sapropel and peat, extraction of natural distribution which leads to the destruction of existing ecosystems, and energetically low-value, affordable and cheap coal, and of no practical value oxidized in the seams of coal. So, if in the best soil - black soil is the maximum content of humic substances is 1-9%, and in peat - 20-10%, lignite fired their content is 40-80%, and oxidized coals up to 90%. The basic weight of soil contains from 0.15 to 3% of humic substances.

Soils from natural and artificial soils create the following way.

Humic concentrate containing from about 0.5 to about 2.0 wt. % make the top layer of soil to a depth of 10-30 cm. Making exercise impregnation is and the ground when plowing or cultivation prior to application to the soil surface during subsequent plowing and/or cultivation.

Humic concentrate mixes easily with soil particles and adsorbed on their surface. Humic concentrate on all metals, except metals of the first group forms a water-insoluble salt - humates. So, in soil humic concentrate forms of calcium HUMATE, magnesium HUMATE, HUMATE iron HUMATE aluminum, etc. With heavy metals humic concentrate forms a water-insoluble humates, which leads to detoxification of the soil, i.e. the loss of toxicity towards microorganisms and plants. Being bound to water-insoluble compounds, heavy metals lose their ability to migrate through the soil profile into groundwater and surface water and in plants. Humic concentrate has a high moisture and high bonding effect, which leads to a sharp increase in the water capacity of the soil and the formation of characteristic soil structure. The soil when this is fixed and becomes more resistant to water and wind erosion.

In soils with a low content of calcium and magnesium part made of humic concentrate must be neutralized. For the R, as calcium-containing substances make slaked lime, crushed chalk, marl, limestone (limestone flour), plaster. As the magnesium-containing material introduced magnesium lime, crushed dolomite (dolomite flour) and/or magnesite. The higher the degree of grinding of calcium - and magnesium-containing material, the higher the efficiency of their actions.

As the silicon-containing material in the soil contribute powdered amorphous silica (silicon dioxide) or silicon-containing waste industry, for example silicon metal production waste.

Humic concentrate with calcium - and magnesium-containing substances forms respectively HUMATE calcium and magnesium HUMATE, that is the basis of natural (natural) gumasa. Duration of contact of humic concentrate with soil material is not less than 2 months, i.e. within 2 months after the making of humic concentrate is formed technogenic soil with a set of useful properties.

In some cases, that is the most valuable and expensive plots of land, in the soil contribute not actually humic concentrate, and humates calcium and/or magnesium, obtained by mixing the materials. Similarly restore properties and fertility of degraded soils.

As in the case of insertion into the soil humic concentrate and calcium and/or magnesium-containing materials, and in the case of insertion into the soil humates prepared calcium and magnesium, there is a change in mineralogical composition of soils created soil. The focus of the transformation processes of mineral components of the soil consists mainly of the formation of minerals of the montmorillonite group in the presence of silicon compounds. Without compounds of silicon, there is some destruction of the group minerals glauconite. At the same time increases the water-holding capacity of the soil. Forming the characteristic for soil structure, activates the microflora and stimulates the growth and development of plants.

Prevents rapid mineralization of soil organic matter, which gives way to its humidicola, sharply reduced the rate of leaching of organic and mineral nutrients, are created adsorption centers in the soil, accumulate and efficiently use the nutrients.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate offered him rived to changes in species composition of microorganisms, participating in the processes of transformation of organic matter. Organic and mineral substances humic concentrate is a kind of matrix for the synthesis of humic substances from the intermediate products of the decomposition of organic matter. In conjunction with composting in the presence of humic concentrate is preferred humification, and no mineralization of organic matter of waste.

According to the claimed invention using the proposed humic concentrate is proposed to carry out the disposal of sludge water treatment plants.

For this pre-thickened and dewatered sludge water treatment plants mixed with humic concentrate containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original natural komitov and/or natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids. When this occurs, the interaction of soluble (mobile) parts of aluminum (mostly cations of aluminum sulfate) with molecules called humic concentrate with the formation of insoluble salts - HUMATE aluminum. This completely removed its toxic is by humic concentrate and together with mineral components of precipitation form a stable organic raw materials. Humic concentrate gives connectivity, high moisture, resistance to wind and water erosion, which determines the utilization of precipitation water stations as additives that improve water erosion water retention and adsorption properties of soils during remediation, and improving the properties of degraded soils and increase their fertility.

For a better understanding of the present invention provides examples of its implementation, which in no way limit the invention.

Example 1

In an electrolytic cell with anode of titanium discs coated with a layer of ruthenium dioxide, serves an aqueous solution of sodium HUMATE with a concentration of 8%. The speed of revolutions of the anodes is 10 rpm, the current density at the anode 400 a/m2. In the process of electrolysis on the anode is formed humic concentrate type B containing humic acid 14%, sodium HUMATE - 5% associated mineral components - 1%, water - 80% and having a pH of 6.0. The consistency of humic concentrate gel: product obtained is soluble in water to a concentration of 3% on the dry substance. The current output is 58%.

The obtained humic concentrate is characterized by:

1. The elemental composition C = 2,20,2,

3. The composition of the mineral part in mg/g dry matter:

Al = 3,50, Ca = Br15.15, Cu = 0,25, Mg = 2,22, Mn = 0,33, Sr = 0,21, Zn = 0,64, Fe = 10,9, Na = On 20, 23, Si = 0,08.

4. The gel chromatogram with practically a single peak with a center at 25000 daltons, and at least 60% of the molecular weight is located and the interval 22000-27000 Dalton.

5. An NMR spectrum13in which there are three well-separated bands corresponding to the alkyl, aromatic and carboxyl carbon, and no absorption at 50-100 meters etc. related to the carbon associated with OH groups carbohydrate fragments.

Example 2

In an electrolytic cell with graphite anode serves aqueous solution of sodium HUMATE with a concentration of 9%, obtained by alkaline extraction of lignite. The speed of revolutions of the anode is set to 15 Rev/sec, the current density at the anode 100 a/m2.

In the process of electrolysis at the anode is formed humic concentrate type C containing hydrated humic acid 1.7%, sodium humates - 9% associated mineral components of 0.8%, water to 89.5%, having a pH of 7.5. The obtained product has the consistency of a plastic mass, soluble (10% of dry matter) in the water. The current output is 45%. Other Example 3

In an electrolytic cell with anode constituting an endless conveyor made of carbon-graphite material serves an aqueous solution of potassium HUMATE concentration of 5%. The speed of revolutions of the drum to guide the endless conveyor anode is 4 rpm, the current density is 500 a/m2. In the process of electrolysis at the anode is formed humic concentrate type A, containing: hydrated humic acids 25%, potassium HUMATE 1.5% of the related mineral components of 2.5%, the water is 71%, the Product has a pH of 3.5, pasty consistency and poorly soluble in water (0.3% of dry matter). Output current 45%.

Other characteristics of the obtained humic concentrate is essentially the same as specified in example 1.

Example 4

Cleaning is subjected to the liquid waste of the dairy plant, containing 0.18% of the dissolved organic substances, mainly proteins and polysaccharides.

In the source liquid with stirring impose a 5% aqueous solution of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 2.

When this occurs the formation of flakes. After flocculation sedimentation the supernatant is drained and analyze the content of water-soluble organice in table 1.

As can be seen from table 1, the most effective purification of water from dissolved organic impurities occurs when the application dose of activated humic acid in the range from 0.01 to 2.5 wt.%.

Formed after the deposition of flakes precipitate is subjected to composting standard. It was found that after composting sludge is a valuable fertilizer and, in addition, improves structure and increases water-holding capacity of the soil.

Example 5

When accidental depressurization of the transformer wastewater enterprise contaminated with chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Control over the content of PCBs is carried out using gas-liquid chromatography with pre-extraction with hexane and concentration. In the source liquid containing 0.08 mg/l PCBs, impose a 5% aqueous solution of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 2.

Then the entire volume of the liquid is stirred. With the introduction of humic concentrate the solution becomes and becomes a light brown color. Then the liquid is injected solution of lime Ca(OH)2in the amount of 15% by weight of humic concentrate.

After deposition of impurities supernatant Ana is a (dry substance) are presented in table 2.

As can be seen from table 2, the optimal dose of humic concentrate is 0.02 to 1.0% by weight of the treated water.

Formed by deposition of impurities precipitate is subjected to combustion in a muffle furnace at a temperature of 800-900oC. thus there is complete combustion of the organic matter of sludge without the formation of harmful gases and toxic compounds.

Example 6

Produce the purification of domestic wastewater, samples are taken at the city wastewater treatment plant. In the original waste liquid is injected in the form of a 5% solution of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 2 in the amount of from 0.5% (on dry matter) by weight of the treated water. Then the liquid is injected solution of lime and after deposition of the resultant flakes analyze the water content in it of impurities. Indicators of pollution source and treated water at the dose of liming 5% (by weight of the acid) are shown in table 3.

It is established that with increasing amounts of lime improved water returning properties of sludge. Sludge is dewatered in a centrifuge and subjected to as composting and incineration.

Example 5

Conducting a study of wastewater treatment ugleb the military to 0.05%, of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% of humic concentrate, similarly obtained in example 1, and determine the deposition rate, the purity of the discharge and the percent solids in the sludge. The results are presented in table 4.

For optimum doses of humic concentrate 0,05% determined by the maximum purity of the drain and the maximum solids content in the sediment, i.e. in the condensed product, conduct a study of the effects of calcium hydroxide on the efficiency of wastewater treatment coal preparation plants. The amount of calcium hydroxide was varied from 5 to 100% by weight of humic concentrate.

The results are presented in table 5.

As can be seen from table 5, the best is the consumption of calcium hydroxide from 5 to 30%, as this maximizes the rate of sedimentation of impurities acceptable purity drain and a maximum solids content in the sludge.

Example 7

On the landfill disposal of solid and similar industrial waste carry out experimental studies of purification of the filtrate, that is, water that has been through a lot of landfills and saturated with impurities of various kinds. The main toxic impurities filtrate are salts of heavy metals, organic soedinyayutsya collecting the filtrate in a pool stick.

Purification of the filtrate was carried out directly in the pool drive. In the field separate introduction humic concentrate and lime was difficult, therefore, in laboratory conditions was worked out the composition of the reagent containing humic concentrate and lime (30% dry matter by weight of humic concentrate).

Reagent contribute in the amount of 0,2% (2 kg per one cubic meter) in pool storage, whose capacity is 300 m3produced mixing of the reagent with the filtrate by means of a jet pump and advocacy for 4 hours.

The results are presented in table 6.

From table 6 it follows that humic concentrate effectively cleans and filters from microorganisms, heavy metals, and organic and inorganic impurities.

Formed after cleaning the residue is 12-15% of the volume of the filtrate and the pump is pumped into the body of the landfill.

Example 8

Waste drilling mud, which is a suspension of bentonite clay in water, practically beyond thickening and dewatering and for this reason merges on drilling rigs in the clay pits, that is, in pits dug in the ground, contaminating the soil.

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When mixing produces a solution whose color varies from light brown to black. Sample solution prior to the introduction of the civil code and after subjected to filtration through a membrane filter with the exhaustion value equal to 400 mm of water column. The volume of filtrate, square filtering and duration determine the rate of filtration by the formula.

V = Q/(St),

where

V - filtration rate, m/day;

S - filtration area, m2;

Q is the volume of filtrate, m3;

t - time filtering, day.

The results are presented in table 7.

As can be seen from table 7, with increasing ha concentration there is a decrease in filtration rate, that is, the suspension gives worse water. Maximum impact gomitolo concentrate is manifested in the concentration range of 0.1 to 3 wt.%.

Later in the treated solution with stirring injected crushed to a particle size of 0.25 mm dolomite in an amount of from 1 to 30% by weight of dry matter of the solution. It is found experimentally that when the concentration of humic concentrate 3 wt.% introduction 7 wt.% dolomite fluid turns the clay suspension in plastic material, the consistency of which is equivalent to the consistency of bentonite to Finance viscous-plastic and even solid material from a fluid mud. Such material when the Deposit is dehydrated by squeezing the water, and the larger the mass of material, the greater the amount of water separated from him, that is, in this case is the simplest gravitational dewatering material to form a granular product suitable for transport by conventional means and for storing, without degrading the ecological conditions of the environment.

Example 9

Municipal wastewater sludge after long-term Deposit in the fields aeration contain 85% water and have a pH of 6. In precipitation under stirring contribute humic concentrate similar to those obtained in example 3, in the amount of 1 wt.% the mass of sediment. Then the precipitate containing humic concentrate, mixed with shredded to a particle size of 0.25 marl at the rate of 7% clay by weight of sewage sludge. The result is a well-structured, lumpy mass that can be transported by conventional means and to Deposit in the form of hills, however, due to these hills pressure weight lying on top of the layers is permanent loss of sediment a significant part of the water is dehydration.

Example 10

Conduct laboratory INIA soil fertility by including petroleum hydrocarbons in soil structure and their subsequent decomposition. Water-holding capacity of sandy loam soil, were not subjected to oil pollution, 33.2%. Water-holding capacity of sandy loam soil that is contaminated, defined as samples because of the high content of oil is not dried completely.

In oil-contaminated soil samples injected humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 1. Found that 0.5% of humic concentrate fully connects the oil at the rate of 5-7% and structures the soil within 2 months. Samples are well dry, which indicates a uniform distribution of oil on the volume of soil and to increase the hydrophilicity of the soil. The capacity of such samples is about 60%.

To assess the suitability of the soil for the growth and development of plants were planted the seeds of wheat and mustard. The experience carried out in climate chambers with illumination intensity 7000 Lux and day length of 16 hours in containers holding 0,5 L. all the variants, including the control, at the beginning of the experience make mineral fertilizer, including NPK and trace elements. Repeated 3 times. As take control plants grown on sod-podzolic soil. Take into account the raw weight of terrestrial plants 3 weeks after sowing of Samrat provides effective detoxification of the soil from the hydrocarbon oil.

Example 11

Field trials detoxification of soils carried out on the territory adjacent to the condensing plant. Soil at this site is contaminated with chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), while in the experimental area the average content of PVC is 102,2 mg/kg Parcels with approximately the same level of pollution is divided into two groups, one of which contribute humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 1 in the amount of 1% by weight of the soil layer of 10 cm On each of the two groups of areas produce superficial ploughing to a depth of 15 cm to mix the soil and the General Ledger. The soil sampling with plots conducted at 5 and 15 months.

The concentration of PCBs in the samples is performed using a modified method (Unites States Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory. EPA Test Method. Base/Neutral and Acids-Method 625, July 1982) on chromatography-mass spectrometer Hewlett PACKARD 5972 MSD.

The results are shown in table 9.

It is noted that the introduction into the soil humic concentrate immediately eliminates odor, characteristic of chlorinated aromatic compounds. The observed dynamics of the content of isomers shows that in the presence of GC occurs as sorption and rorich first increases, and then falls, so there is a process of sequential dechlorination.

Also, there is a more significant growth decomposition products of polychlorinated biphenyls in case of additional soil microorganisms.

In addition to determining the presence of PCBs in soil samples, estimating reduce the overall toxicity of contaminated soils on the state of Azotobacter, microalgae and other soil organisms. The results of such Biotest for soil are given in table 10.

Thus, the introduction of humic concentrate in PCB-contaminated soil ensures its efficient detoxification.

Example 12

Experimental studies conducted on samples of sod-podzolic soil, contaminated dibenzo-p-dioxins, with a concentration of 100 mg per kilogram of soil. The first group of samples contribute 0.5% of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3. The second group of samples, in addition HZ, make microdose (0.01 mg / kg soil) of a metal of variable valence (Nickel) in the form of its water-soluble salts. Control group samples HZ and the other two groups of samples was incubated for 30 days at a temperature of 25the face 11.

From table 11 that the content of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins in soil with humic acids accounted for 43% of the control options, and in the presence of traces of Nickel 24%.

Example 13

The effectiveness of detoxification precipitation of urban wastewater (WWS) humic concentrate judged by the content of heavy metals in plants grown on soil that contribute WWS, as well as the number of cytogenetic abnormalities caused as heavy metals and other toxins contained in the salt.

The content of heavy metals in the WWS is:

cadmium - 96 mg/kg, zinc - 7894 mg/kg, Nickel - 325 mg/kg, chromium - 329 mg/kg, copper - 1732 mg/kg dry matter.

Salt, treated with activated humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3, in the amount of 1% was applied to the soil in varying proportions.

The soil samples are grown barley. It is established that the yield of barley on WWS with hometown concentrate on 80-101% higher yield in the control sample (sod-podzolic soil). In all cases, the dilution of salt in soil (1:1 and 1:10) yields 50-80% higher yield in the control sample.

Table 12 shows the results of analysis of the content of the heavy dose of concentrate. With a maximum dose of 1.5% cadmium decreases from 1.6 to 2.6 times and becomes lower than or equal to the background level. The zinc content is reduced 1.3-1.8 times. The chromium content is reduced to 1.5 times, and the Nickel content is reduced to the background level.

Two-year field trials established that a significant migration of heavy metals in the processing of salt activated humic concentrate does not occur. Table 13 shows the value of the contents of heavy metals in the soil in % to the previous field season, when they were made salt in the soil.

As can be seen from table 13, humic concentrate significantly reduces the rate of removal of heavy metals from the soil, that is, there are efficient binding.

In addition, humic concentrate significantly reduces the number of cytogenetic damage in plants (for example barley as the most sensitive culture) not only in relation to WWS, but even such a traditional fertilizer like manure (table 14).

Thus, humic concentrate provides effective detoxification of compost from urban organic waste and sludge municipal wastewater contaminated with heavy metals.

Example 14

messagepane lighting and filtration rate.

Technology used includes fermentation, salt digesters, flushing, compaction, introduction of organic flocculant type "Prestol" and mechanical dewatering by filter presses, and the dehydration process lasts 1.5 hours. With the introduction of humic concentrate in vodorastvorimoe form (in the form of a gel) in an amount of from 0.1 to 1% was a sharp decrease in the efficiency of dehydration, and when the application dose of from 1 to 15% dehydration almost didn't happen.

Introduction salt of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3 in an amount of from 0.1 to 15% has no effect on the efficiency of dehydration, if the period of time from the introduction until the end of the dehydration does not exceed 2-4 hours. If this period of time is longer, there was a decrease in the efficiency of dehydration and virtually complete cessation. Moreover, the higher dose of the concentrate, the faster decreasing the efficiency of dehydration.

In table 15 are given the values of permeability loam, mechanically dehydrated salt, which was then introduced humic concentrate in an amount of from 0.1 to 15%.

Within the concentration range of activated humic concentrate from 0.1 to 15% highest definition dehydration WWS the amount of activated humic concentrate, which was 1%.

The experiments were carried out on the landfill disposal of solid household and similar industrial waste.

In the body of the landfill was dug a pit, the bottom of which the side walls are closed with sealing material (gidrostekloizol) to exclude the possibility of entry of water into the pit. Then the pit was half covered with a layer of waste, which was then laid a layer of salt, containing humic concentrate. The layer thickness was 0.3 m

The standard method of irrigation water in the pit using devices A. K. Boldyreva, and N. Kamensky determine the filtration coefficient, when three days had installed the water flow. The filtration coefficient was: KF = 3.5 to 10-4m/day. After that, the pit completely asleep waste. In General, the arrangement of the pit provides the possibility of entering the water only through the top layer of sediment WWS. In the body of the pit has wells for measuring water level, which could be filtered through an insulating layer of salt, containing humic concentrate, and water sampling.

Water poured on top slo
water for two months, which is two annual rate on precipitation (Moscow district). The permeability was determined by the formula:

< / BR>
where

E - experimentally established value of the porosity of the waste mass;

So - sectional area of the pit;

L - measurement of water level at time t;

S - size of the filter, i.e. the area of the insulating layer;

t - time filtering.

For the first 10 days of the filtration coefficient was: KF = 4.2V 10-4m/day, and for a two-month observation period, the filtration coefficient was: KF = 6,2 10-5m/day.

For comparison, the permeability of the dense clay made: Cf.g. = 10-3m/day.

It is established that at a single pouring through the insulating layer takes place only 0.4% of water.

Thus, processed humic concentrate WWS acquire water (waterproof property), much higher than the same properties of natural clay soils.

Since water does not penetrate through the insulating layer, fundamentally there is no reason for migration (leaching) of the salt of heavy metals and other toxicitv.

However, there have been held the third layer. For comparison analyze water that is adjacent (control) plot was filtered through a layer of waste, where there was a stacked insulating layer.

The results are shown in table 16.

As can be seen from table 16, the arrangement in the body of the landfill insulating layer of the processed humic concentrate the salt does not increase the content of heavy metals in water, but significantly reduces not the content in the filtrate due to additional their sorption.

Example 15

When the construction of landfills for household and industrial wastes upper insulating layer is recultivation layer. The sodding body surface dumps is one of the hallmarks of a relatively prosperous condition. Sewage sludge is a good fertilizer. The formation of a surface layer of pure salt of a continuous herbaceous cover is extremely slow due to the presence in the sediments of phyto-toxic substances and low blagodaria capacity.

Therefore, the use of pure salt impossible for remediation of landfills. An additional danger is the possibility of dust when dry.

Evaluate the possibility of using salt, processed g placed on the surface of the body dumps, determine its possible dusting, and sow the crops of barley, wheat and lupine, which after maturation analyzed for their content of heavy metals (table 17).

It is established that if the dusting of dry sediment begins when the wind speed is 1.2-1.4 m/s, when the content in the WWS 1% humic concentrate, dusting does not occur even when the wind speed is more than 15-20 m/s

Thus, the content in sewage sludge only 1 wt.% humic concentrate reduces the content of heavy metals in plants, on average, 30-50%.

Example 16

As samples of soil used:

1. Sand (fine, light-yellow color, content of sand fractions - 97,7%, clay - 2,3%),

2. Sandy loam (brown-brown color, content of sand fractions 82%, clay - 17%),

3. Loam (reddish-brown color, content of sand fractions 37%, clay - 63%),

4. Clay (reddish-brown color, content of sand fractions of 0.8%, clay - 99,2%),

As samples of humic substances use:

- humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 1

- calcium HUMATE (a mixture of humic Entrat: limestone = 1:1"),

- HUMATE magnesium (mixture of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3, with crushed dolomite in the mixing ratio 1:1),

- silicon material (waste metallurgical plant, containing 95% of amorphous silicon dioxide SiO2, 4,6% carbon and 0.4% of the oxides of iron, calcium and aluminum, the surface area is 20 m2/g).

Carry out the measurement of the interaction of humic concentrate and humates with samples of soils under different conditions, were studied for their influence on properties of soils and were biotesting.

The first part of the research carried out in glass columns with a diameter of 2 and 5 cm and a height of 70 cm, which were filled with soil samples. Humic concentrate and humates applied to the surface of the soil sample in a dry form or in the form of aqueous suspensions, the ratio of components in which was 1: 2, 1: 5, 1:10, 1:15. The concentration of humic concentrate and humates is 0.1-1% of dry matter by weight of the soil sample. Study dry soil samples and wet. In column elute the water, the amount of which corresponded to the annual normal rainfall (400 ml).

It is established that significant difference in the penetration of dry samples gum is ü penetration humic concentrate and humates see in dry soils and is very strong slow speed wet soils. The speed of these substances in wet soils in 2-3 times less than the speed of their movement in dry soils.

The greatest penetration of humic concentrate and humates in soil samples occurs within the first three hours and is for sand 2.5 cm, sandy loam 0.9 cm, loam 0.7 cm for clay - 0,6 see Within two weeks of humic concentrate in the sand penetrates to 5 cm in sandy loam - 4.5 cm, loam - 3.6 cm in clay - 2,8 see In the control samples (without making humic concentrate and humates) the water passes through a column of sand for 15 hours through a column of sand for 24 hours, through the column with loam - 2 days.

The results indicate a very low mobility insertion of humic substances. Over the entire range of dilution humic concentrate and humates water the highest rate of penetration in the soil samples was observed at a ratio of 1:10, however, for the practical application of this rate is not significant.

It is established that in the case of drying of soil samples amended with humic samples of the concentrate and HUMATE, character movement humic substances change dramatically. Thus, soil samples containing humic cot and loaded into the column. Then the column was primevals water. See quick movement of humic substances with a speed almost matches the speed of water movement in the soil samples that do not contain these substances.

The greatest amount of organic matter is washed by passing through the soil first 200-400 ml of water column. Upon further washing, the amount of discharge from soil organic matter decreases. The maximum number of washed out from soil organic matter does not exceed 10% of the deposited dose of humic substances.

Drying soils with humic concentrate and humates structural changes, leading to increased mobility of these humic substances in soils. This property can be used to make humic concentrate and humates in the deeper layers of the soil.

The most important climatic factor may be seasonal freezing of soils. Found that the freezing and thawing of soils amended with humic concentrate and HUMATE low mobility of humic substances is maintained. In the case of freezing and thawing pre-dried soil containing humic concentrate and humates, the project and thawing.

Thus, the results of the research indicate the need to use special methods for making and distribution of humic concentrate and humates in the mass of the soil, such as loosening of the soil before and after the introduction of these substances.

It is advisable humic concentrate and humates to make the soil in the autumn, as by freezing and subsequent thawing of changes in their mobility does not occur, and the increase in time of the interaction of humic substances from soils has a positive effect on their agrochemical properties.

To enable the introduction of humic concentrate and humates in the deeper layers of the soil, it is reasonable to dry soils with humic substances, and then to provide access water from the surface of the ground.

Example 17

Research happened to some changes in agrophysical and agrochemical properties of the above samples (example 16) during curing (composting) of soil with addition of humic concentrate and humates for 0.5, 1 and 2 months. While keeping the soil periodically stirred and maintain their moisture content from 12% to 22%. Determine the pH of water extract, water-holding capacity of soils and € percentage of seed germination and the average weight of one sprout.

The results are presented in tables 18, 19, 20, 21.

Time-keeping samples of soils with humic concentrate and humates virtually no effect on the pH of aqueous extract and moisture. The adsorption properties of soils improved with increasing time of composting.

Analysis of the infrared spectra of the silt fraction is sandy loam shows that the introduction of calcium HUMATE almost disappears band 915 nm (nanometers), which determines the minerals of the montmorillonite group, and the introduction of soil magnesium bar appears 838 nm, responsible for Muscovite. HUMATE calcium and magnesium inhibit strip 2924 and 2850 nm, responsible for the strongly adsorbed water unavailable to plants. It is established that HUMATE, calcium and magnesium translate all the water available for plant condition (increasing bandwidth 3410 3400 nm).

Thus, humates calcium and magnesium improve water adsorption properties of the soil, but reduce the mineral content of montmorillonite group when minerals class micas.

Introduction humic concentrate and HUMATE calcium and magnesium HUMATE together with silica changes the direction of the mineralizing process. Thus, the introduction of sandy loam calcium HUMATE together with kremasti strip 1430 nm, that means a reduction in the content of glauconite. Band 915-920 nm does not change. Thus, HUMATE calcium with silica promotes the formation of new minerals of the montmorillonite group, characteristic of fertile soil.

HUMATE magnesium together with silica also promotes the formation of minerals of the montmorillonite group (increasing the intensity of the bands 1620 and 915 nm), however, the destruction of the group minerals glauconite occurs to a lesser extent. It is established that the optimum content of silica is 0.5-5% by weight of humic concentrate (HUMATE calcium and magnesium HUMATE, while the surface area of the silica particles should be about 20 mg2/,

On these soil samples are studying the life of a typical soil microorganisms B. Subtilis and Azotobacter sp. It is established that humic concentrate and humates not inhibit the growth and development of microorganisms, and the presence of nutrients is their rapid development. In General, there has been a pattern: if the initial state of the soil samples contained 103-105CFU/g of soil microorganisms, the time of ripening of the soil, i.e. after 2 months was 106

Example 18

After construction of the road forms a significant area of natural soils, mostly, light loam, which was absent in the soil. The purpose of education of fertile soil layer thickness of 0.2-0.3 m aligned on the plowed surface irrigation evenly applied 8% suspension of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 1 at a rate of 1% concentrate on a dry weight basis by weight of the formed soil. Then make processing a surface of a disc harrow with a preliminary introduction of ground limestone at the rate of 0.3% by weight of the formed soil. After 2-3 months the resulting layer of technogenic soil plough, cultivate and sow herbs that leads to sodding the surface. The degree of sodding in the first season of seeding grasses is 94-96% processed by numeric control punching the new concentrate to restore their fertility.

Saline soils are characterized by high content of sulphates, chlorides and carbonates of magnesium, calcium and sodium (Na+- 0.6 g/kg soil, Mg+3.8 g/kg soil, Ca+2- 4.6 g/kg soil). The pH of the soil is 8.8.

With the aim of linking excess salts and normalize the pH of the soil in the autumn period contribute humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3, using the equipment for application of fertilizers and their subsequent incorporation into the soil. Just make 3% humic concentrate on the dry substance to the weight of the soil. In the autumn of next year at the experimental plot of 1.5 hectares planted winter wheat. By the time of sowing wheat soil pH of 6.1.

The efficiency of humic concentrate appreciate largest grain crop in the treated and control, that is not treated plots. On the treated plot grain yield is 12.6 quintals per hectare, and the control section 1.2 quintals per hectare. That is, the yield increased to 10.5 times.

Example 20

Experiments on the restoration of tropical soils spend on ancient ferruginous weathering crust (sandy loam and loamy particle size distribution). In the study), humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 3, with silicon dioxide (mixture of activated humic concentrate away metallurgical plant), HUMATE calcium silicon dioxide. The content of humic concentrate and calcium HUMATE is 1% of dry matter by weight of soil (dry matter), and the silicon dioxide content is 3% by weight humic concentrate and calcium HUMATE.

The studied soils are placed in a plastic column with a diameter of 5 cm and a height of 30 cm In the first phase were determined by pH and humidity of the samples. In the second phase in samples make superphosphate (based on 50 kg of phosphate per hectare), after which water was added and the samples of water passing through the soil, determined the content of phosphorus.

The results obtained are presented in tables 22 and 23.

As can be seen from table 22, the introduction of humic concentrate, calcium HUMATE and silicon dioxide leads to neutralization of acidic samples and significantly increases their moisture.

As follows from table 23 introduction in samples of humic concentrate and calcium HUMATE reduces phosphate export a maximum of 23-25%, and the inclusion of samples of humic concentrate or gumeracha fertilizers can be reduced by 25%, and the second at 60%.

During curing of the samples up to 2 months see an increase in their capacity and even more significant reduction in the removal of phosphates, that is, a positive result from the application of the method increases.

Example 21

The soil in the greenhouse were used for 8 years for growing flowers and was a loose pulverulent mass, abundant irrigation and large doses of fertilizers did not have its fertility noticeable effect. In order to restore properties and fertility for every kilogram of waste soil was added 100 grams of sand, 200 grams of loam and 30 grams of humic concentrate, similar to those obtained in example 2 (pre-diluted with water in the ratio 1:1).

The mixture was incubated for 10 days at a temperature of 19-22oC, and then spend her liming by mixing with 10% lime solution at a ratio of 10 grams of solution per kilogram of soil. Then the mixture was kept at positive temperature 50 days. The total processing time is 2 months.

In the restored soil planted seeds and cuttings of flowers. It is established that the soil has acquired a characteristic structure, optimum moisture and Vosstanie the rot without the use of any chemical means of plant protection.

Example 22

Chopped green plant mass was placed in a compost pit and by surface irrigation treated them with a solution of humic concentrate, similarly obtained in example 2 in an amount of 0.1 wt.% the number of plant mass. In addition, options were laid, where the green mass was treated with a solution of ammonium sulfate as a top-dressing of ammonium nitrogen by microorganisms in an amount of 0.1 wt.% the number of plant mass and added in the green mass of calcium, in particular, ground limestone, in the amount of 0.5 wt.%, and were laid variants of joint application of these reagents.

Composting was carried out for 4 weeks at t=20oC. as an indicator of the speed and deposition of humification was determined the content of humic acids in the composting mass. The results are presented in table 24.

Found that composting processed humic concentrate vegetation in natural conditions (in compost piles laid on soil, compost and develops a large number of earthworms, while not processed vegetable mass of earthworms were observed.

Example 23

Sediment water station containing 4% organic matter, 4% minerals, including 0.5% of aluminum sulfate and 92% of the water was dehydrated to a moisture content of 65-70%. After that, the precipitate was made humic concentrate in an amount of from 0.01 to 10% (on dry matter, calculated on the dry matter of the sludge).

Evaluation of the influence of humic concentrate on the properties of the sediment showed that the concentration of 0.05% sediment properties worsen: increases its connectivity, capacity, resistance to water erosion. When the content of humic concentrate more than 10% almost all the properties of the sediment are determined by the properties of the concentrate. That is, in the range from 0.05 to 10% humic concentrate effectively affects the physico-mechanical properties of the sediment.

Processed humic concentrate the sediment was deposited in sandy soil in an amount of from 0.05 to 700% by weight of soil that ranged from 1 to 14,000 tons per hectare. After that, in sandy soil, in sediments, not processed humic concentrate, and in the soil, which was made processed humic concentrate OS is ATA.

Table 25 shows the results of analyses for dose make processed precipitation into the soil, equal to 2000 g/ha, that is 100% by weight of soil with humic concentrate in the sediment of 0.05%, 0,25%, 0,5% and 1%.

Thus, sludge treatment activated humic concentrate can be disposed as an additive to soils during reclamation, as well as to improve the properties of enhancing soil fertility.

1. Humic concentrate of natural komitov and natural number of coal containing humic acids, characterized in that it contains hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids.

2. Concentrate on p. 1, characterized in that it is obtained by electrochemical salts of humic acids formed during the alkaline extraction reagent natural komitov and coal natural number, and contains hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in the state is carried out by electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids previously extracted by the alkaline reagent from natural komitov and coal natural number, conducted at the anode electric potential sufficient to discharge anions humic acids, but lower than the potential discharge of hydroxyl ions, providing education on the surface of the anode target humic concentrate is continuously withdrawn from the zone of electrolysis.

4. Concentrate on p. 3, characterized in that it contains about 0.5 to 27.0 wt.% hydrated humic acids, about 0.5 to 27.0 wt.% salts of humic acid, about 0.5 - 2.5 wt.% mineral components of the original komitov and coal natural number, represented mainly polymeric compounds of iron, aluminum, silicon, chemically related to contained humic acids, and water, the maximum number of which is about 90 wt.%.

5. The method of obtaining humic concentrate by carrying out the electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts of humic acids extracted by the alkaline reagent from natural komitov and coal natural number with the formation of the target product and its removal from the electrolyte, characterized in that the electrolysis is carried out in a single zone between the anode and cathode when the anode electric potential, dostana on the surface of the anode target humic concentrate, containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids, with the removal of the aforementioned concentrate from the surface of the anode is carried out continuously.

6. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that use an anode made of graphite.

7. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that use, the anode having a surface coating of ruthenium dioxide.

8. A device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids, including electrolysis bath and connected to a source of electric current, the anode and cathode having inlet and outlet nozzles, characterized in that the cathode represents the body of the electrolysis cell, made in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with end walls, and the anode is made in the form of a drum, ustanovlennogo device has a device for removal of the target product from the drum surface.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the device for removing a target product with the cylindrical surface of the drum is made in the form of a scraper that is installed with the possibility of changing the angle of touch with the surface of the drum.

10. A device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate (options) containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids, including electrolytic bath with an anode and a cathode connected to a source of electric current having inlet and outlet nozzles, characterized in that it comprises at least one cathode, which represents an electrolysis bath in the form of a horizontally installed gutter with end walls, and at least one anode, which is made in the form of a disk, installed in the chute for rotation about its axis, while it has at least two devices for removing a target product with each end face.

11. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that each device for UDA is through changing the angle of its inclination relative to the corresponding end surface of the anode.

12. A device for the electrochemical preparation of humic concentrate containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids, including electrolytic bath with an anode and a cathode connected to a source of electric current having inlet and outlet nozzles, characterized in that the cathode is an electrolysis bath in the form of a horizontally installed cylindrical trough with end walls, and the anode is made in the form of a drum mounted coaxially with a gap in the trench and made of a conductive material, an endless horizontal conveyor, stretched the said drum by at least one tension pulley that is installed outside the electrolysis cell and in contact with the inner surface of the conveyor, where the device has at least one device for removing a target product from the surface of the endless conveyor.

13. The device according to p. 12, characterized in that the aforementioned drum set with vozmojnostyami with the possibility of rotation around its axis.

15. The device according to p. 12, characterized in that the device for removal of the target product from the surface of the endless conveyor made in the form of a scraper that is installed with the possibility of changing the angle of touch with the outer surface of the conveyor.

16. Method of water purification from impurities, comprising the introduction into the water of a reagent that provides linking these impurities through the formation of insoluble precipitate, followed by sedimentation of the water and removing the resulting precipitate, characterized in that as a reagent that provides the binding of impurities, use of humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids, in amounts of about 0.01 to 1.5% by weight of the treated water.

17. The method according to p. 16, characterized in that, together, or after the introduction of water called humic concentrate in water is injected calcium hydroxide in an amount of 5 to 30% by weight entered humic concentrate.19. The method according to p. 18, characterized in that as a natural material used dolomite, limestone.

20. The method of detoxification of organic compounds by linking them with organic materials, characterized in that the organic materials used humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids.

21. The method according to p. 20, characterized t the deposits of metals of variable valence.

22. The method according to p. 20, characterized in that the use of humic concentrate in an amount of about 0.1 to 10.0 percent by weight of the processed material contaminated with organic compounds.

23. The method of disposal of sewage sludge, including dehydration, characterized in that the dehydrated sewage sludge is injected humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural carbon number containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained humic acids, taken in an amount of about 0.5 to 10.0% by weight of dehydrated sewage sludge, after which the resulting mass together with household and/or industrial waste warehoused in the form of layers, with each layer of the received weight stacked on top of each layer of the household and/or industrial mentioned waste.

24. The method according to p. 23, characterized in that the first and last stored layers forming the resulting mass of sewage sludge and called humic concentrate.

25. A method of creating a soil from natural and artificial soils and Vostoktelecom, contains humic acid, characterized in that the organic materials used humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids.

26. The method according to p. 25, characterized in that after making called humic concentrate in soils and soil contribute calcium, magnesium, and silicon-containing substance.

27. The method according to p. 26, characterized in that the mentioned humic concentrate contribute to the named soils and soil in the form of a mixture with the calcium-, magnesium-containing substances, and then in soils and soil contribute silicon-containing substance.

28. The method according to p. 27, characterized in that as the calcium-containing material used chalk, marl, limestone, gypsum, lime.

29. The method according to PP. 27 and 28, characterized in that as the magnesium-containing material used dolomite, magnesite, magnesium lime.

30. The method according to p. 29, characterized in that as flints least 20 m2on 1 g of the named material.

31. The composting of organic waste, including the introduction of under stirring in an organic waste organic material containing humic acids, and minerals, the composting mixture in conditions of aeration to obtain organic fertilizer, characterized in that the organic material used humic concentrate obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically related to contained in humic concentrate of humic acids

32. The method of disposal of precipitation water, including dehydration, characterized in that the dehydrated precipitation water is injected about 0.05 - 10.0 wt.% humic concentrate, obtained by electrochemical natural komitov and natural coal range and containing hydrated humic acids, salts of humic acids and mineral components of the original komitov and natural coal range, chemically tie runty and/or soil and restore properties and increase the fertility of the soil.

 

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