Biocomplex

 

(57) Abstract:

The ecosystem is designed for growing plants, fish and birds. An object of the invention is an integrated cultivation of plant and animal products and a significant increase in productivity. The ecosystem includes the greenhouse, pond, reported to the house. This allows simultaneously and comprehensively to grow diverse as species composition, and origin, both vegetable and animal products in any latitude and regardless of the environment. Since each isolated compartment has its own microclimate, and vermicompost for fertilizing plants and live food for fish and waterfowl is in the cultivator biocomplex of worms, plant residues and compost, it eliminates the need to use chemical agents and is provided the use of non-waste technology. The use of one ecosystem, greenhouse, pond and the house, equipped with life support systems, allows you to get during the year several harvests of plant products and animal products with increased biomass. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture and purpose is to grow in all areas, including unsustainable farming of plant products in comparison with open ground plants (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 1540739, 07/02/90).

However, in a typical greenhouses are not enough heat amount and the cultivated area, Pets sharp temperature difference between day and night, which affects the plant is growing only plant products.

Famous film-coated cages, allowing slightly to increase the period of active temperatures for feeding fish, as well as open reservoirs and ponds (U.S. patent N 5046451, 10.09.91).

The disadvantages are the lack of a stable heat sources, growing only animal products.

Closest to the claimed method is the ecosystem, including the greenhouse heating systems, hot and cold water supply, irrigation, lighting and ventilation systems that are installed on the supporting beams of a bed-tray, reservoir, located under the bed-trays and tracks and communicates with the aeration system (ed. the certificate of the USSR N 1494883, 23.07.89).

However, in terms of environmental degradation, a significant reduction in escapement of fish production in rivers, ponds and pools, and vegetable or only animal products not solve the complex problem of providing the population with food of plant and animal origin.

An object of the invention is an integrated cultivation of plant and animal products, as well as a significant increase in the productivity of its biomass in all latitudes, regardless of the environment in optimal growing conditions and with a minimum expenditure of energy.

On the proposed ecosystem excluded the above-mentioned disadvantages as greenhouses and closed ponds-ponds.

This result is achieved by the fact that the ecosystem is included greenhouse heating, cold and hot water supply, irrigation, lighting, ventilation, water aeration system water pipe water level regulation, the pipe from the filter to drain water from a reservoir, the service ladder and fish, chicken with autonomously and fenced Playground walking birds.

Greenhouse biocomplex for growing vegetable products consists of a frame, a transparent cover, separate compartments with transparent walls, with its own microclimate. This design of biogas plant can grow in one of thermal volume of different groups of plant products that are similar in terms of vegetation. Bed-trays, in which it is grown, established in Hermetica the horns, allowing for them to turn up significantly increase the illumination of the reservoir and turn them into the fence from waterfowl.

Heating system is complex, because it consists of two heaters: furnace and the sun and the heat accumulator-reservoir. For heating greenhouses and water are used as heating pipes installed under the tracks on the boundary of two media adjustable water level of the reservoir, and a smoke pipe, reinforced over the pond.

The irrigation system includes a surge tank with a heating element, heating system, automatic watering and water discharge, piping, valves and hoses with nozzles.

The lighting system consists of suspended along the axis of greenhouse fluorescent lamps, mounted on a falling elektroshnur.

The ventilation system includes transoms, adjustable fanlight devices. Transoms are installed on opposite walls of separate compartments of the greenhouse.

System hot and cold water includes a water pipe, heater and solar heaters water supply pipes with valves and shower drains.

Water biocomplex for growing geotoolkit from a box, equipment and systems aeration of the water.

The box of the pond is rectangular in shape with ledges and expansion, slopes toward the drain from local materials or industrial by the way.

The ledges are used for the cultivation of aquatic vegetation and forage for animal products.

In the equipment of the reservoir includes pipe adjustment of the water level of the reservoir, the pipe from the filter to drain water from a reservoir and a ladder for maintenance of the water and catching fish.

In the aeration system water reservoir includes inkjet multi-stage cascade.

In the wall of the greenhouse biocomplex, the extending part of the reservoir, built a house with two entrances: one to the side of the reservoir for feeding waterfowl aquatic vegetation and the other in the direction of autonomously set on a fenced Playground. On soils with high standing of subsoil water in the reservoir is installed drain pump.

From the side of the bed-trays going cultivator, representing a box with expandable walls and lifting roof made of a dense material for the production of vermicompost for plant nutrition and live food for fish and waterfowl.

In Fig.1 image is .1; in Fig.3 - section b-B isolated branch B in Fig.1 and the extended part of the reservoir of Fig. 4 - section b-b outdoor part biocomplex Fig.1; Fig. 5-9, the corresponding cross - section of Fig.4.

The ecosystem includes the greenhouse frame 1, a transparent covering 2, wall 3, which divides the greenhouse on And is insulated compartment having a microclimate with a humidity of 60% and B - insulated compartment that has a microclimate with a humidity of 80%, the heater of the furnace 4, the solar heater 5, the heating pipes 6, the flue pipe 7, the pipe hot and cold water 8, shower 9, drains 10, hoses with nozzles 11, the fluorescent lamp 12, with fanlight transoms devices 13, bed-trays 14, the pallet 15, the beam bearing 16, track 17, cultivator 18, the reservoir 19, the pipe water level regulation 20, the water drain pipe 21 with a filter, the service ladder 22, cascade multistage jet 23, house 24, avtokormushku 25, a Playground with a fence 26, the heating element is a coil 27, the irrigation pipe 28.

The greenhouse consists of a frame 1, a transparent cover 2 and separated by transparent partitions separate compartments a and B. the Greenhouse includes heating, hot and cold water supply, irrigation, lighting, ventilation, beds, trays, he and the surge tank, heating pipes installed under the tracks 17 and strengthened under load bearing beams 16, flue 7, strengthened under the roof of the greenhouse.

System hot and cold water includes heater furnace 4, the solar heater 5, the heating element is a coil 27, the pipes 8, 9 and shower drains 10.

The irrigation system includes a heater furnace 4, the solar heater 5, the heating element is a coil 27, the irrigation pipe 28, hoses with nozzles 11.

The lighting system includes a fluorescent lamp 12 mounted on the longitudinal axis of the greenhouses on elektroshnur.

The ventilation system includes a transom with transom devices 13 mounted on opposite walls of separate compartments.

Bed-trays 14 are installed in moisture-proof trays 15 on the supporting beams 16, and the pallets 15 are directed drainage outside of the reservoir. Track 17 is laid on the supporting beams 16, cultivator 18 is a box assembled from the side of the bed-trays 14 with expandable sides and lifting roof.

The reservoir 19 biocomplex is located under the tracks 17 greenhouses with regard to the anthropometry of the person.

The reservoir 19 is a box with clamps, rasbotham 19 includes equipment: pipe water level regulation 20, the drain pipe 21 with a filter and ladder maintenance 22. In the aeration system water reservoir is a multi-stage cascade 23.

In the greenhouse, biocomplex the extending part of the reservoir 19 has a built house 24 having two outputs: one to the side of the reservoir, and the second to autocommerce 25 mounted on the Playground with a fence 26.

Work in this ecosystem is performed in the following sequence.

1. Filling the heating system, hot and cold water supply, irrigation and water 19 water.

2. Water heating from furnace 4 or 5 solar heater.

3. Heating of greenhouses and water 19 from the heating pipes 6 and chimney 7 - if necessary.

4. Adjustment of the water level in the reservoir increases or decreases the heating of greenhouses or reservoir 19.

5. The size of the opening transoms 13 is regulated by the percentage of humidity in isolated branches of the greenhouse. When large solar heating roof of the greenhouse is covered with mats.

Heating system allows you to operate in the heating mode and in the mode of hot and cold water. In Sunny weather, water for irrigation and in the shower is fed from a solar heater 5. Temperature changes during the day and at night and in publicised and due to the rotation of the tracks 17 in the vertical position. In cold sunless weather heating of water for irrigation is performed using a furnace heater 4 and the heating element-coil 27 in the expansion tank solar heater 5.

In the garden-trays 14 typed garden land with vermicompost and planted seedlings of plants, and the plants are grouped together and are similar in terms of vegetation planted in one or the other stand-alone Department with its microclimate. As seedling growth it is tied to the trellis, and the fluorescent lamp 12, providing dosvetku plants, elektroshnur rise. Plant nutrition and feed additives fish and waterfowls provides cultivator 18 for the propagation of worms and receiving vermicompost, which eliminates the use of chemicals. For joint and safe cultivation of fish and waterfowl in the pond run juveniles year-old, weighing 100-200 g of Feed lower on the ledges of the reservoir 19, which is cultivated aquatic vegetation, benthos and plankton. Pipe water level regulation 20, forcewas in the drain pipe 21, lowers the water level, and when the inversion increases. Drain water provides the water drain pipe 21 in the case, if the tube level control turned 20, palestini 24, built-in greenhouse, has one output in a reservoir 19 for feeding and feeding waterfowl aquatic vegetation, and other exit - avtokormushku 25 on the Playground with a fence 26.

Application biocomplex will effectively get products crop and animal production.

1. The ecosystem, including the greenhouse heating systems, hot and cold water supply, irrigation, lighting and ventilation systems that are installed on the supporting beams of a bed-tray, reservoir, located under the bed-trays and tracks and communicates with the aeration system, characterized in that it is equipped with cultivator for the propagation of worms and receiving vermicompost and poultry, is in communication with the reservoir and with the platform on which you installed the trough, the bottom of the reservoir is made with ledges and paths are made tilt-up.

2. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the heating pipes placed under the tracks and under the bed-trays, and the flue is installed over the pond.

3. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that bed-trays installed in moisture-proof trays.

4. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the water aeration system made in the form of stroing the s transparent Department.

6. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the cultivator for the propagation of worms and receiving vermicompost made as part of the bed-tray.

 

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