Optoelectronic node

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a device with a floating architecture and to a display device and can be used in computing. The technical result is to increase the speed of information processing. Optoelectronic node comprises a base coated with a light guide liquid crystal layer, which is provided with reflective layers, the liquid crystal layer is installed with the possibility of the formation in it of optically transparent areas of information transfer between optically opaque areas and reflective layers. Inside the liquid crystal layer placed focusing system and the zone of accumulation of information. In the reflective layer is formed of a diffraction grating optically transparent holes. 15 C. p. F.-ly, 79 ill.

The invention relates to switching, storage and contact devices with floating architecture, a display device and can be used in computing in the development of processing, transmitting, storing and displaying information, as well as in the development of structural systems for supercomputers and the soup used in the development of structural systems for optical gyroscopes.

The most effective application of the invention it is possible in a fiber processing devices and optical information transmission, in ultrahigh-speed buffer optical drives, super.display and contact fiber optic devices and optical switches. In addition, the invention can be effectively used in the systems of protection against unauthorized access to the processed information.

Known optoelectronic node (1) containing at least one base coated with a light guide liquid crystal layer and set on the basis of the control module. This optoelectronic site possible for use in displays and allows you to create optical information without processing, transmission, storage and retrieval. Optoelectronic node cannot be used in optical drives, contact devices and displays with stereoscopic image. Known optoelectronic node has almost zero combinational possibilities of information processing.

The objective of the invention is to increase the combinational possibilities of processing and transmitting information through the use of floating Artie information retrieval in optical drives. Another objective of this invention is to improve the transmission efficiency of optical information in the contact of the light guide devices. Another objective of this invention to provide a stereoscopic effects on a flat liquid crystal display device. Another objective of the invention is the possibility of decomposition of the spectrum of the light signal.

Taking into account the objectives set in optoelectronic node containing at least one base coated with a light guide liquid crystal layer and the established on the basis of the control module, according to the invention the base is provided with at least two reflective layers, between which the light guide is a liquid crystal layer, and one of the reflective layers is fixed on the base, the light guide liquid crystal layer has the possibility of forming a control module optically transparent areas of information transfer between optically opaque areas and reflective layers, inside the first reflective layer is fixed on the base, and/or inside optically transparent zone of the light guide liquid crystal layer, and/or within the second kristallicheskogo layer placed accumulation area and/or display information, inside the second reflective layer placed endoscope liquid crystal layer with the ability to form therein a control unit diffraction of the light guide liquid crystal grating optically transparent holes, while optically transparent apertures diffraction grating located in front of the focusing systems and/or transfer and/or accumulation and/or display information.

The increase of the Raman features of information processing in the present invention is achieved by forming the floating architecture of communication channels, consisting of series-connected optically transparent areas and focusing systems one of the light guide liquid crystal layer connected with focusing systems and optically transparent zones of another light guide liquid crystal layer through the optically transparent apertures diffraction grating. The communication channels most optimal architecture in optoelectronic node formed in the process of processing information managing module. Moreover, for each stage of the information processing architecture of the communication channels should be consistent with the principles spluttered data bus with a bit width, reaching tens and hundreds of thousands of units, which will in turn be more than well-known technical level of information processing and to achieve performance in supercomputers at least several hundred trillion calculations per second.

The present invention allows to form the floating architecture with tens and hundreds of thousands of points of data acquisition in the areas of accumulation of information that exceeds the known characteristics of the optical drives on at least three to four orders of magnitude.

Through the use of focusing systems and a diffraction grating arranged in the light guide liquid crystal layers, the present invention allows to increase the efficiency and speed of transmission of light information flows in a fiber layers contact devices.

Through the use of focusing systems and a diffraction grating arranged in the light guide liquid crystal layers, the present invention allows to increase the brightness of the image and provides the possibility of obtaining stereoscopic images in flat panel LCD displays. Through the use of diffraction gratings in optoelec to the channels of information transmission and storage of confidential information processed optoelectronic device.

Through the use of a diffraction grating located in the second reflective layer, it is possible to obtain a decomposition of the spectrum of the light signal.

In constructive versions of optoelectronic node for extending the functionality of the base is made in the form of Assembly or printed, or woven, or switching fees, or a fiber ribbon or flat light guide cable, or three-dimensional optoelectronic module, or the volume integral of the module.

In constructive versions of optoelectronic node to expand functionality, the control unit is made in the form of an optoelectronic module or three-dimensional optoelectronic integrated module, or volume integral module, or integrated circuit, or controller, or processor, or CPU, or superprocessor fixed or floating architecture.

In constructive versions of optoelectronic node for extending the functionality of optically opaque area of the light guide liquid crystal layer is made reflective or sotovogo the

In constructive versions of optoelectronic node to increase combinational processing capability information of the focusing system in the form of flat or angular, or spherical, or cylindrical, or conical, or parabolic, or hyperbolic reflectors, or in the form of optically transparent lens.

In constructive versions of optoelectronic node for extending the functionality of the focusing system is made in the form of a hollow core filled with optically transparent neatvairaami liquid and having a conical part at the end of the optically transparent ball mounted for rotation, with the cylindrical wall of the rod is translucent.

In a constructive options to expand functionality and improve the performance of the processing and transmission of information focusing system and/or transfer and/or accumulation and/or display information made linear or zigzag, or polygonal, or arbitrary curvilinear forms.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality, performance, handling and pays X-shaped circulator.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality, performance, processing and transmission of information, the opening of the diffraction grating is made in the form of optically transparent areas of information transmission fiber optic liquid crystal layer with the ability to form therein a control unit optically opaque areas.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality by improving the security of information processing systems from unauthorized access hole of the diffraction grating is made concentric or ellipsometry, or polygonal, or cone-shaped.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality, performance, processing and transmission of information, getting the effect of degradation of the light signal in the range of apertures diffraction grating is placed in the endoscope liquid crystal layer in the form of direct or broken, or zigzag, or concentric lines, or in the form of a rectangular, or zigzag, or concentric matrix, or cross-shaped or X-shaped, or U-shape or L-shape, or variable pitch, or chwycenia performance processing and transmission of information optoelectronic node further comprises a second base with a second control module, containing fiber optic liquid crystal layer located between the reflective layer and diffraction grating with holes in which are formed a zone transfer and/or accumulation and/or display information, and/or posted by the focusing system, installed in front of the holes of the diffraction grating, the orifices of the diffraction grating of the first base located opposite the holes of the diffraction grating of the second Foundation, which is installed with the ability to commit or move, or rotate relative to the first base.

In constructive versions with the aim of extending the functionality of the second base is made in the form of optical drive on the hard or floppy disk, or card, or tape, or drum.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality of the optical drive of the second base further comprises a battery and/or electroplating, and/or solar panels, connected to the control module.

In a constructive options to expand the functionality in the accumulation zone and/or display information additionally performed optically non-main electrodes.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings.

In Fig. 1, 2 shows an optoelectronic node in constructive versions, cross section a-a, General view;

in Fig. 3 - optoelectronic site, General view of the FLC layer;

in Fig. 4 - optoelectronic site with additional diffraction grating;

in Fig. 5, 6 - the principle of optical information transmission in the form of light flow through the focusing system and an optically transparent aperture;

in Fig. 7 is a structural variant of the communication channels in the FLC layer with linearly spaced transparent openings of the diffraction grating;

in Fig. 8 - 11 - principles of formation of optically opaque areas;

in Fig. 12 is a structural variant of the FLC layer with reflective metal fragments;

in Fig. 13 - 23 - constructive accommodation options optically transparent apertures of the diffraction grating in the focusing systems;

in Fig. 24 - constructive ways of focusing elements placed in the first reflective layer;

in Fig. 25, 26 - constructive ways of electrodes forming the reflective border optically opaque areas;

in Fig. 27, 28 - constructive ways of communication channels in the patch>in Fig. 40 - 42 - constructive ways zigzag channels of information transmission, formed zigzag electrodes;

in Fig. 43, 44 - constructive version of the zone information display;

in Fig. 45 - 56 - constructive options items display and storage of information;

in Fig. 57 - 60 - constructive ways FLC layers with different configuration areas of the display and storage of information;

in Fig. 61 - constructive variant of the light guide contact device;

in Fig. 62 - 69 - constructive options optical drives;

in Fig. 70, 71 - constructive variant of the optical gyro;

in Fig. 72, 73 - principles settings optic gyroscope;

in Fig. 74 - 77 - constructive options optical drives with focusing systems in the form of a hollow core filled with an optically transparent liquid;

in Fig. 78, 79 - constructive options optical drives.

Optoelectronic node (Fig. 1 to 3) comprises a base 1 coated with a light guide FLC liquid crystal layer 2, which is located two reflective layers 3, 4. And the first reflective layer 3 is fixed on the inner surface of the base 1. FLC layer cnyh areas of information transfer between optically opaque zones 6 and the reflective layers 3, 4. Inside the FLC layer 2 posted by focusing system 7 and accumulation area information 8 ellipsometry form. Inside the second reflective layer 4 placed second FLC layer with formation of the control module 5 diffraction FLC grating 9, optically transparent apertures 10 which are located opposite the focusing systems 7, posted in the first FLC layer 2, and focusing systems 11, 12, placed in the third FLC layer 13 deposited on the reflective layer 4. Over a third of FLC layer 13 caused an additional reflective layer 14, which houses a parabolic reflectors 15 focusing systems 11. The base 1 for protection against mechanical impacts contains protective coating 16.

The irradiation of light flows 19 and eat optical information from the zone 8 of accumulation of information is ellipsoidal (Fig. 2, 3) via the focusing system 11 and optically transparent apertures 10 FLC diffraction grating 9. The trajectory of the 20 recorded information in the zone 8 of the accumulation of information can be performed in arbitrary curvilinear shape (Fig. 3). Information retrieval through the focusing system 11 is carried out by optically transparent zones 21 to 24 of the transmission of information located fan is Adachi information located parallel to each other. When this optically transparent zones 21-24 and 26-27 of information transmission line shaped transmission channels of optical information.

The trajectory of the 20 recorded information in the zone 8 of accumulation of information is made in the form of optically opaque areas 28 FLC layer 2 made in the form of strips and are located in the specified layer vertically relative to the ground plane. The placement of these opaque strips 28 along the path of the recording information shown in Fig. 1. The placement of these opaque strips 28 perpendicular to the path record information shown in Fig. 2.

In a constructive embodiments, the base 1 of optoelectronic node (Fig. 1) may be made in the form of a circuit Board, or PCB, or woven Board or breakout Board, or a fiber ribbon or flat light guide cable, or in the form of an optoelectronic module, or the volume integral of the module.

In a constructive embodiments, the control module 5 optoelectronic node (Fig. 1) may be made in the form of an optoelectronic module or three-dimensional optoelectronic module, or in the form of a volume integral module or integrated circuit, or as controlfactory.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 4) to simplify the technology of manufacturing multilayer structure of the second FLC layer 13 and the reflective layer 14 is placed in the second base 29 that is connected to the first base 1. For increased functionality, as well as to increase the degree of protection against unauthorized access to the communication channels FLC layer 13 contains additional FLC diffraction grating 30 with optically transparent apertures 31, which can be closed with additional managed module 5 of the diffraction grating 30, i.e., switched control module 5 in optically opaque areas 32.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 1, 5, 6) shows the principle of transmission of the light flux 19 through a focusing system 12 and optically transparent apertures 17. Optically opaque zone 6 (Fig. 1, 5) are parallel to each other, form an optically transparent data channel. The optical information in the form of luminous flux 18 of the FLC layer 13 in the FLC layer 2 is carried out through a focusing system 12, an optically transparent aperture 17 and the focusing system 7 located coaxially to each other. Possible non-axial location is C this system of optical information (Fig. 6). Optoelectronic node allows you to create channels of information transfer from one layer of FLC to another without any restrictions trajectories of information transmission in each layer and transition points from one FLC layer to another.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 7 - 12) shows the principles of formation of communication channels in the form of light beams 61 of the FLC layer 2 in the FLC layer 13 with linearly spaced optically transparent apertures diffraction grating 59. The communication channel is formed by optically opaque areas 33 - 35 (Fig. 10) and reflective elements 56 of the focusing system 55 (Fig. 12). In the absence of the necessity of forming other communication channels or holes of the diffraction grating closed optically opaque area 60. Optically transparent apertures 59 of the diffraction grating is made concentric form. This structural variant of an optical switch and allows you to create channels of transmission received from any reciprocal switching.

Discrete optically opaque zone 33, 35 in base 36 (Fig. 8 - 11) are formed by the electrodes 37 - 40 managing the FLC layer is made in a multilayer structure, the outer coat layer 3 deposited metal electrodes, for example, Nickel or aluminum 37 - 39 installed overlapped relative to each other with the formation of the window 41. Between the electrodes 38 and 37, and between the electrodes 38 and 39 is coated with the layer of optically opaque dielectric 42. Between the electrode 37, 39 and the reflective layer 3 can be applied additional reflective layer 43. On the control electrodes 37 and 39 and an additional reflective layer 43 deposited FLC layer 2, which in turn caused the common electrode 40, on which is deposited a reflective layer 4. Reflective layers 3, 4, 43 can be made of aluminum pigment.

If the common electrode 40 and the electrodes 37 and 39 of the potential difference (voltage control), for example, 2.5 V, in the FLC layer formed optically opaque zones 33 and 35, respectively (Fig. 9). Optically opaque zone formed with FLC layer, depending on the type FLC layer can be made light-absorbing or light-reflecting. Resulting in the FLC layer 2 is formed of optically transparent area 44 (channel N1 media) with a fixed boundary in the form of optically opaque zones 33 and 35. In the optically transparent area 44 distribution of information flows can be formed channels n is the ache to the electrode 38 of the potential difference (voltage control), for example 5 V, relative to the common electrode 40 in the FLC layer 2 and the window 41 formed optically opaque zone 33 - 35 (Fig. 10) covering an area of 44 distribution of information flows (Fig. 9) and the corresponding communication channels.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 11) on the base 45 of the deposited reflective layer 46, which is the substrate for FLC layers. On the surface of the layer 46 deposited metal electrodes, for example, of Nickel or aluminum 47 and 48 mounted overlap relative to each other. Between the layers 47 and 48 is coated with the layer of optically opaque insulator 49. Between the electrode 48 and the reflective layer 46 can be coated with a protective reflective layers 49, 50. The boundary of the reflective layer 49 is made in the cross-section in the form of a broken line. The boundary of the reflective layer 50 is made in the cross-section in the form of a zigzag curve. On the control electrodes 47, 48 and reflective layers 49, 50 inflicted FLC layer 2, which in turn caused the common electrode 51. The external electrode 51 deposited reflective layer 54. To create conditions for a more effective reflecting or light absorption between the common electrode 51 and the control electrodes 48 can be set to Topolnitsa optically opaque zone 53 border reflective or light-absorbing layer in the form of a broken line. Resulting in the FLC layer 2 is formed zone 44 distribution of information flows with a fixed boundary in the form of optically opaque areas 53. When this electrode 47 controls the process of passing information in the zone 44 through the channels of information transmission.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 7, 12) focusing system 55 may be made in the form of an opaque metal reflectors 56, having a common focus and made for example, of Nickel or translucent areas with reflective metal fragments, for example, from aluminum. Focal plane of the focusing system passes through a plane diffraction grating 57. In constructive versions focal plane of the focusing system can be placed in front of/or behind the plane of the diffraction grating 57. In a constructive variant of the reflective layer 58 may be made in the form of a metal layer, for example, of Nickel. Diffraction grating 57 contains optically transparent holes 59, which supply the control voltage from the control module 5 can be closed by optically opaque areas 60, is formed between the electrodes of the diffraction grating 57.

In constructii accommodation options optically transparent apertures diffraction grating in focusing systems.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 13) shows the principles of formation of communication channels in the form of light beams 61 in the FLC layer 2 through linearly spaced optically transparent apertures diffraction gratings 62, 64 and 65 ellipsometry form, the centerline of which are angled to each other. The communication channel is formed by optically opaque areas 33, 35 of rectangular shape and reflective elements 56 rectangular and 63 concave shape of the linearly oriented focusing system 55. In the absence of the necessity of forming other communication channels or holes of the diffraction grating closed optically opaque area 66. Optically transparent apertures 62, 65 and 66 form a rectangular matrix. The elements 56 and 63 of the focusing system 55 is made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 14) shows the principles of formation of communication channels in the form of light beams 61 in the FLC layer 2 through the optically transparent apertures diffraction grating 67, 68 square shape, the centerline of which are angled to each other. The transmission channel information formiruetsya system 55, which is made in the form of a rectangular matrix. In the absence of the necessity of forming other communication channels or holes of the diffraction grating closed optically opaque area 69. The elements 56 and 34 of the focusing system 55 is made in the form of a translucent reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 15) shows a U-shaped circulator formed by channels N1 and N2 transmit information and optically transparent area 44. Circulation of light beams 61 in the FLC layer 2 is made from an optically transparent holes 70 to the hole 71 a polygonal shape. The communication channel is formed by optically opaque areas 33 - 35 and reflective elements 56 of the rectangular shape of the focusing system 55, which is made in the form of a rectangular matrix. In the absence of the necessity of forming other communication channels or holes of the diffraction grating closed optically opaque area 72. The elements 56 and 34 of the focusing system 55 is made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 16) shows the L-shaped circulator formed by channel N1 transmission of information is this at all apertures 73 to the holes 74 and 75 polygonal shape. The communication channel is formed by optically opaque areas 33 - 35 and reflective elements 56 of the rectangular shape of the focusing system 55. The elements 56 of the focusing system 55 is made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer. In the channel N2 information transfer are additional linear circulator circulating light beams 61 from optically transparent apertures diffraction grating 76 to the hole 77.

U-shaped and L-shaped circulator (Fig. 15 and 16) can be used, for example, in optical gyroscopes.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 17) shows the circulation of the light fluxes in channels 61 N1 and N2 transmit information FLC layer 2 from optically transparent apertures 78 to the optically transparent holes 79 a polygonal shape. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque zones 33 - 35 rectangular shape and reflective elements 80 concave shape of the focusing system 81, which is made in the form of a rectangular matrix. In the absence of the necessity of forming other communication channels or holes of the diffraction grating closed optically opaque area 72 and 34. Elements 80 of the focusing system 81 is sent to the steering node (Fig. 18) to obtain the diffraction effect of the light flux 61 flows through the channel N2 and then in the focusing system 82 formed focusing systems 81 channels N1 and N2, reflective element 83 concave-shaped, optically transparent area 83 and a concave reflecting element 103. The focusing system 82 has ellipsometry form. The output of the diffraction grating of the dual FLC layer 84 luminous flux 61 is decomposed into a spectrum.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 19) shows the circulation of the light fluxes in channels 61 N1 and N2 transmit information FLC layer 2 through the optical transparent holes 85, 86 polygonal shape. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque zones 33 - 35 rectangular shape and reflective elements 87 ellipsometry form. The focusing system 88 and 89 are made concave shape. In the channel N2 optically transparent holes placed in the FLC layer 2 variable pitch in a broken line 90. Elements 87 and 34 focusing systems 88 and 89 made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 20) shows the channels N1 and N2 transmit information FLC layer 2 connected via of optii transparent holes 91 a polygonal shape. When in-phase feeding of the optical signal through holes 91 of the diffraction grating can be obtained decomposition of the signal spectrum. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque zones 33 - 35 rectangular shape. Reflective elements 56 and focusing system 92 is made of a rectangular shape. The elements 56 and 34 focusing systems 92 made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 21) shows the channels N1 and N2 transmit information FLC layer 2 connected via optically transparent zone 44 with the focusing system 94, which are placed in concentric matrix 95 optically transparent apertures 96 polygonal shape. When passing the optical signal through the holes 96 of the diffraction grating can be obtained decomposition of the signal spectrum. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque areas 33, 35 rectangular shape. Reflective elements 56 and focusing system 94 is made of a rectangular shape. The elements 56 and 34 focusing systems 92 made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 22) shows the channels N1 and N2 lane is which is placed in a chaotic manner optically transparent apertures 99 and 100 polygonal shape, holes 101 concentric shape and the holes 102 ellipsometry form. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque areas 33, 35 rectangular shape. Reflective elements 56 and focusing system 97 and 98 are made of rectangular shape. The elements 56 and 34 focusing systems 97 and 98 made in the form of an opaque reflective FLC layer.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 23) shows the light guide X-shaped switch 104 of the light fluxes in channels 61 N1 and N2 transmit information FLC layer 2. To increase the Raman features of information processing X-shaped switch 104 includes optically transparent apertures 105 - 109, using which you can send information flows in the other FLC layers or to organize the circulation of information flows within the X-shaped switch. Channels N1 and N2 transmit information generated optically opaque zones 33, 34 of rectangular shape and reflective elements 110, 111 triangular focusing systems 112.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 24) to ensure high performance focusing light information flows 61 in the optically transparent apertures 117 difraction who received the focusing elements in the form 114 parabolic or spherical 115, or hyperbolic reflector 116, which is located coaxially with the optically transparent apertures 117 of the diffraction grating. The second reflective layer 118 is further provided with a flat reflective metal coating 119, made for example of Nickel. Over the second reflective layer 118 is additionally coated 120.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 25, 26) to improve the conditions of reflection of light beams 61 when switching from channel N1 in N2 transfer of information and the conditions for focusing light beams in optically transparent apertures diffraction grating (Fig. 13 - 24) optically opaque zone 33 - 35 is made reflective. Border reflective optically opaque zone is made in the form of a convexo - concave curves 121 and 123 (Fig. 25) or in the form of a broken line 124 - 126. The formation of these boundaries reflective optically opaque areas by the appropriate form of the electrodes 37 and 40 (see Fig. 8 - 10).

In a constructive variants (Fig. 27, 28) channels N1 - N4 of information transmission with a linear shape is formed optically opaque reflective zones 33 and 35, are placed in the form of a switching matrix on the base 36. The passage of light p 44 (Fig. 27). To switch the light flux 61 of the channel N2 in the channel N3 information transfer (Fig. 28) it is enough to form an optically transparent zone 44 connecting channels N2 and N3, as well as to form optically opaque zone 34 at the output of the channel N2 is fed to the respective electrodes of the control voltage (Fig. 8 - 10). In this case, the luminous flux 61 safely move from channel N2 to N3. To improve the switching boundary of the reflective zones 33 - 35 can be made in the form of a convexo-concave curve or a broken line (figs 25, 26). N4 transfer information off of the formed optically opaque areas 34, which prevents the passage through it of the light flux 61.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 29) channels of information transmission step shape formed optically opaque reflective zones 33 - 35, serves as a switching matrix on the base 36. The passage of light beams 61 in these channels is carried out in the optically transparent FLC layer 2 through the optically transparent zone 44.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 30) the communication channels linear shape formed optically opaque reflective zones 33 - 35, size in these channels is carried out in the optically transparent FLC layer 2 and through the optically transparent zone 44.

In a constructive variant (Fig. 30, 31) communication channels with a linear shape is formed optically opaque reflective zones 33 - 35 in the switching matrix on the basis of 36, by switching the reflective zones transformed into one channel of information transmission step form. The passage of the light flux 61 from the opening 127 to the hole 132 and then to the hole 134 of the diffraction grating is optically transparent FLC layer 2 and through the optically transparent zone 44. For transmission of the light flux 61 from the opening 127 to the hole 129 (Fig. 32) is removed the control voltage to the respective electrodes of the diffraction grating. As a result, the hole 129 becomes optically transparent (see Fig. 8 - 10) and through him can pass information in the form of light beams 61 in other FLC layers. To avoid holes 128 - 131 from information exchange (Fig. 33) in the data channel specified channel is transformed into a multi-channel shape, topology which bypasses the orifice 128 - 131, participated previously in the information exchange. To connect holes 128 - 130 for information exchange and off holes 134 of information exchange transmission channel is Yu 132 and the openings 133 to the hole 134 of the transmission channel information is transformed into two channels: channel a stepped shape and the channel of the linear form (Fig. 35). To transfer information from the opening 130 to the holes 129, 131 - 133 channel information transmission transformed into the channel polygonal shape (Fig. 36). To transfer information from the holes to the holes 131 128 - 130, 132, 133 transmission channel information is transformed into a rectangular channel (Fig. 37). For the organization of the cyclic data exchange in rhombic circulator with pairs of holes in the tops of the considered channel is transformed into a rhombic circulator 143 with holes 135 - 142 (Fig. 38). For forming the base 36 of the switching matrix of the linear zone of accumulation of information considered rhombic circulator transformed into V-shaped circulator 144 and the accumulation zone 145 (Fig. 39).

In a constructive option to improve the switching potential optoelectronic node and reduce losses when switching information flows (Fig. 40) the communication channels N1 - N3 on the basis of 36 completed zigzag shape of the reflective convex-concave opaque zones that form consistently established concave reflectors 146 - 148 focusing systems, pereotrazhayuschie consistently luminous flux in the channel N3 from one reflector to another that Powys are formed of optically transparent areas 153 and 149 and optically opaque reflective zone 150, which commute luminous flux 61 from the concave reflector 151, located in the channel N1, to the reflector 152, located in the channel N2.

In a constructive option to improve the switching potential optoelectronic node and reduce losses when switching information flows (Fig. 41) horizontal communication channels N1 - N3 on the basis of 36 completed zigzag shape of the reflective convex-concave opaque zones that form consistently established concave reflectors 146 - 148 focusing systems, pereotrazhayuschie consistently luminous flux in the channel N3 from one reflector to another, which increases the efficiency of multiple reflections of the light beams 61. In a constructive option to improve the efficiency of the multiple reflections of the light beams 61 from one communication channel to another on the basis of 36 additionally formed reflective convex-concave opaque zone 154 - 156, forming a zigzag vertical channel information transfer N4. When switching light beams 61 of the horizontal channel N1 in a horizontal channel N3 are formed of optically transparent zone 157 - 159, thus forming a vertical zigzag kanagaratnam 155 and 156, being in vertical N4, then the reflectors 146 - 148 located in a horizontal channel N3. If you want to change the direction of movement of the light flux 61, for example, to the right (Fig. 42), i.e., if you need to create a reverse or whirling light fluxes, instead of the optically transparent zone 159 in the N4 is formed optically opaque reflective area 160, and instead of optically opaque zone 156 is formed of optically transparent area 161. In this case, the luminous flux 61 paratragedy sequentially from the reflector 155 to the reflectors 146 and 162, located in the channel N3.

Constructive ways of optoelectronic node (Fig. 40 - 42) can be used to form areas of information transfer any configuration (see Fig. 29 - 39).

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 43, 44) made in the form of a display device information comprises a base 1 coated with a FLC layer 2, which has two reflective layers 3, 4. And the first reflective layer 3 is fixed on the inner surface of the base 1. FLC layer 2 has the possibility of forming a control module 5, is fixed on the base 1, the optical transparent layer 2 is posted to the communication channels 163 with focusing systems 164 and zone information display 165. Inside the second reflective layer 4 placed second FLC layer with formation of the control module 5 diffraction FLC grating 9, optically transparent apertures 166 and 167. The base 1 with the aim of expanding the functionality further comprises the communication channels 166 - 169, located fan. Fragment 170 recorded information in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 44) made in the form of optically opaque strips 28 FLC layer 2 located in the specified layer vertically relative to the ground plane. The placement of these opaque strips 28 along the path of the drawing shown in Fig. 43. The presence of the diffraction grating 9 is optically transparent apertures 166, 167 will allow you to get the stereo effect.

In a constructive embodiments, the base 1 of optoelectronic node (Fig. 43, 44) can be made in the form of a circuit Board, or PCB, or woven Board or breakout Board, or a fiber ribbon or flat light guide cable, or in the form of an optoelectronic module or volume integral module.

In a constructive embodiments, the control module 5 optoelectronic node (Fig. 43, 44) can be made in the form of optoelectronic scheme, or in the form of controller or processor, or CPU, or in the form of superprocessor fixed or floating architecture.

In Fig. 45 - 46 shows the design options display area or the accumulation of information.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 45, 46) comprises a base 1 coated with a FLC layer 2, which has two reflective layers 3. 4. And the first reflective layer 3 is fixed on the inner surface of the base 1. FLC layer 2 has the possibility of forming a control module 5, is fixed on the base 1 (Fig. 43), optically opaque strips 28 information display between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 44). Optically opaque strips 28 are formed by applying a control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of flat translucent electrodes 171 - 173, for example 2,5 Century, resulting in the FLC layer 2 are formed of optically opaque areas 174 and 175, respectively, forming an opaque strip 28 that displays information 170 (Fig. 44).

For regulation of the processes of information retrieval reflective layer 4 contains a diffraction grating 9 with holes such as 2.5 V, the resulting optically opaque area 179 (Fig. 46), eliminating the reading of the information.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 47) for obtaining stereoscopic effects optically opaque strips 28 are formed between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 43, 44) control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of convex semi-transparent electrode 180.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 48) for obtaining stereoscopic effects and improve the effectiveness reflecting optically opaque strips 28 are formed between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 43, 44) control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of concave semi-transparent electrode 181.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 49) for obtaining stereoscopic effects and improve the effectiveness reflecting optically opaque strips 28 are formed between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 43, 44) control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of zigzag, polprasert the microscopic effects and improve the effectiveness reflecting optically opaque strips 28 are formed between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 43, 44) control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of wedge-shaped translucent electrode 183.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 51) for obtaining stereoscopic effects and improve the effectiveness reflecting optically opaque strips 28 are formed between the reflective layers 3, 4 in the area of 165 information display (Fig. 43, 44) control voltage (potential difference) between pairs of translucent electrodes 184 with an angular recess.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 52, 53) for obtaining stereoscopic effects and the formation of the color palette between the main electrodes 171 - 173, forming optically opaque strip 28 display information in the area of 165 displaying information, an additional semi-transparent electrodes 185 - 186, located neglecta between the main electrodes 171 - 173. When the control voltage (potential difference) additional electrodes 185, 186, such as 2.5 V, additional optically opaque strip 187, 188, which under certain combinations of relative position is ariante optoelectronic node (Fig. 56) to form additional channels 190 and 191 of information transmission in multi-zone structure 165 display information between the electrodes 171 and 172, electrodes 172 and 173, and the electrodes 185 and 186 of the controlling voltage, for example 2.5 V, are formed optically opaque zone 28, 187 and 200, 201, which limit the spread of light fluxes only within the optically transparent areas 190 and 191.

Constructive ways zones display information (Fig. 45 - 56) formed in the FLC layers of optoelectronic node, can be effectively used as zones of accumulation of information in the buffer optical drives.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 2, 57) to extend the functionality of the zone of accumulation of information is made in the form of an ellipse 192 located at an angle to the main axis of the site, or in the form of a rectangle 193.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 2, 58) to extend the functionality of the accumulation zone information may be made in the shape of an arbitrary curvilinear forms 194 or 195 polygon.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 2, 59) for raschii curved 196 or 197 diamond.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 2, 60) to extend the functionality of the accumulation zone information may be made in the shape of an arbitrary curvilinear forms 198 or D-shaped rectangle 199.

The irradiation of light flows and eat optical information from these areas of accumulation (Fig. 2, 57 - 60) are made through the focusing system 11 and optically transparent apertures 10 FLC diffraction grating 9 (Fig. 1). Information retrieval through the focusing system 11 is carried out by optically transparent channels 21 - 24 transfer information located fan. Information retrieval through a focusing system 25 is carried out by optically transparent channels 26 - 27 transmission of information located parallel to each other. When the communication channels, for example, 24 and 27 for ease of information retrieval with areas 196 and 197 accumulation can change their linear dimensions and location (see Fig. 59).

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 61), made in the form of the light guide contact device comprises a base 202 coated with a FLC layer 203, which is provided with two reflective layers 204, 205. The first Xu formation control module 206, fixed on the base 202, optically transparent areas of information transfer between the reflective layers 204, 205. Inside the FLC layer 203 posted by focusing system 207 and zone 208 of information accumulation. Inside the second reflective layer 205 placed second FLC layer with formation of the control module 206 diffraction FLC grating 209, optically transparent apertures 210 which are located opposite the focusing systems 207 placed in the first FLC layer 203. To expand the functionality and increase the speed of processing, transmission and reading of optical information optoelectronic node further comprises a second base 211 containing the FLC layer 212 located between the reflective layer 213 and the diffraction grating 214 with holes 220, which is formed of optically transparent channels 215, 216 information transfer with focusing systems 217. The base 211 containing the FLC layer 212, installed with the possibility of fixing or reciprocating movement, or rotation relative to the base 202. The transmission of information through the channels 215, 207 and through holes 220 and 210 diffraction gratings 214 and 209, respectively, provided in the form of light beams 218, 219. Information retrieval with C the channels 216 information transfer FLC layer 212, located at the base 211. Management of the processes of formation of communication channels in the FLC layer 212 performs control module 221. Most effectively this constructive variant of optoelectronic node can be used in a fiber contact devices. This constructive variant of optoelectronic node can also be used as an optical drive. The diffraction grating 209 and 214 can be used to prevent unauthorized access to the information flows through the formed channels of information transmission.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 62, 63), made in the form of optical disk drive, comprises a base 222 coated with a FLC layer 223 disposed between the reflective layer 224 and the diffraction grating 226 with holes 227. FLC layer 223 is installed with the possibility of forming a control module 225 attached to the base 222, optically transparent channels 228 and 233 of information transmission. Inside the FLC layer 223 posted by focusing system 229 opposite holes 227 of the diffraction grating 226 through which reading of data from the optical disk 230, provided with a coating 2 is pricescope drive is a luminous flux 232. Optical disk drive 230 is installed with a possibility of rotation relative to the base 222. The channels 228 and 233 with focusing systems 229 is placed on the base 222 of the fan-shaped and parallel to each other, respectively.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 62, 64), made in the form of optical disk drive, comprises a base 222 coated with a FLC layer 223, in which the control module 225 is formed channels 234 and 235 of information transmission, arranged perpendicularly to each other. In the channels 235 transmission of information generated additional focusing system 236, allowing reading of data simultaneously from several trajectories recorded information on an optical disc 230.

Constructive ways of optoelectronic node (Fig. 62,64) can be used effectively in an optical drive on a hard or floppy disk, or card, or tape, or drum.

In a constructive option to expand the capabilities of the data acquisition and information processing optoelectronic node (Fig. 65, 66), made in the form of optical drive that contains the base 237 coated with a FLC layer 238, in which the control module 253 (Fig. 66): open the party diffraction grating 254 255 is information retrieval in the form of light fluxes 245 with optical drums 243 and 244, respectively, with floor 256, which caused the information in the form of melted areas (for example, with a laser). This allows simultaneous information exchange between the optical drums 243 and 244. Formed rhombic channel 240 of information transmission on the basis of 237 allows the simultaneous reading of data in the form of light beams 246 through a focusing system 247 - 250 with optical drums 243, 244 and 251. Thus there is a possibility of obtaining information from different trajectories recorded on reel, 243, 244 and 251 with simultaneous information exchange. The information collected from the reel 243, 244 and 251 can be piped 252 external devices. Optical drums 243, 244 and 251 are mounted for rotation about a horizontal axis and simultaneous reciprocating movement relative to the base 237.

In a constructive option to expand the capabilities of the data acquisition and information processing optoelectronic node (Fig. 67, 68) comprises a base 258 coated with a FLC layer 259, in which the control module 260 (Fig. 66) formed rectilinear channels 261 and 262 of information transmission. Through focusing system 263 - 266 and holes 267 directionalities 271, on which the printing of the information in the form of melted areas (for example, with a laser). Axis 272 focusing systems 263 - 266 are perpendicular to a tangent of the outer surface 271 of the optical drum 270. To simplify the design of optoelectronic node in its constructive variant (Fig. 69) axis 272 focusing systems 263 - 266 are perpendicular to the outer surface of the base 258 and at an angle _ perpendicular 273 recovered from the point of removal of information from surface 271 of the optical drum 270.

In a constructive option to obtain highly stable characteristics reflect optoelectronic node (Fig. 70), made in the form of an optical gyro, comprises a base 274 coated with a FLC layer 275, in which the control module 276 (Fig. 71) formed rhombic circulator 277 and straight channels 278 and 279 of information transmission. Rhombic circulator 277 is used as an optical gyroscope, and straight channels 278 and 279 are designed for the removal and transfer of information. The circulation optical light fluxes in rhombic circulator 277 is in his two shoulders 280 and 281 between the focusing systems 282 and 283 at the top is Oh rhombic circulator 277 within the FLC layer 275 installed additional mirror 284 and 285, made in the form of glass or metal mirror. To extend the functionality of an optical gyro in optoelectronic node through a focusing system 282 and 283 rhombic circulator and focusing system 286 rectilinear channel 279 transmission and through corresponding holes 287 diffraction grating 288 is information retrieval in the form of light fluxes 289 with optical drive 290 in the form of a disk coated 291, on which the printing of the information in the form of melted areas (for example, with a laser). To improve the focusing of the light fluxes 289 in holes 287 diffraction grating installed optically transparent glass lens 292.

Configuring the optical gyro is the phasing of the light fluxes in the arms 280 and 281 rhombic circulator 277. This is done by shifting one of the peaks of the circulator 277 the down arrow or right (see Fig. 72 or 73). While it is possible to control the configuration process by comparing with the reference optical gyroscope applied to an optical disk 290 (Fig. 71). When the angular velocity of the optical gyro is the frequency change is wow radiation in the arms 280 and 281 may be compared with the reference optical drive and piped 278 external computing devices. Channel 279 is used to perform control operations for determining the angular position of the optical gyro.

In a constructive option mainly for optical switches, optoelectronic node (Fig. 74) comprises a base 293 coated with a fiber optic liquid crystal (FLC) layer 294, which is located between the reflective layer 295 and diffraction grating 296. FLC layer 294 is mounted for formation control module 297 secured on the base 293, optically transparent channels 298, 299 and 311 of information transmission. Inside the FLC layer 294 posted by focusing system 300, 306 and 307, coming out of the holes of the diffraction grating 296 and mounted for contact with the optically transparent surface 301 of the optical switch 302 located at a distance from the outer surface of the diffraction grating 296. The conditions of operation of the optical switch 302 value may approach zero or go to zero. This allowed direct contact with items focusing systems 300, 306 and 307 flat surface 301 of the optical switch 302 that is installed rotatably. In order to avoid destruction of the optically transparent neocoregames fluid 304 and having a conical part optically transparent ball 305, mounted for rotation. The walls of the hollow cylindrical rod 303 is translucent. As the optically transparent fluid may be used epoxy resin ED-20, which is used as a component in the optically transparent adhesives OK-50 or OK-FT. Epoxy resin without mixing with the hardener can function depolymerizing material. In the case of contacting the focusing system 300 with a flat surface 301 of the rotating optical switch 302 is optically transparent ball 305, greased optically transparent fluid is turned, there is no destruction of structural elements of the focusing system 300. To extend the functional capabilities of the focusing system optoelectronic node is further provided with an optoelectronic Converter 310, which is located on the outer surface 293 and connected with focusing systems 306 and 307. Electronic information input to the Converter 310, is transformed into optical information, which is then in the form of light beams 309 passes through the focusing system 306 and 307 on the rotating optical switch 302. To extend the functional capability, which can come in the focusing system 300 of the channel 298 information transfer and then to the optical switch 302.

In a constructive variant of the optical switch (Fig. 75) to extend the functionality of optoelectronic node contains additional FLC layer 312 that is located inside the base 293 (Fig. 74) between the reflective layers 313 and 314. When this focusing system 300, 306 and 307 are installed with the possibility of optical contact with the FLC layer 312. In this case, through a focusing system 300, 306 and 307 can be used to exchange optical information between the FLC layer 294 and 312, and the optical switch 302. To improve protection against mechanical impacts optoelectronic Converter 310 is installed inside the base 293. In order to extend the functionality of the surface 301 of the optical switch 302 is made with rectangular 315, radius 316 and hyperbolic 317 grooves. In a rectangular slot 315 possible direct contact of the focusing system 300 with optically transparent surface 301 of the optical switch 302.

In a constructive variant of the optical switch (Fig. 76) to extend the functionality of optoelectronic node contains additional FLC layer 312, which is located inside the base 293 between the reflective layer 313 is awn optical contact with these FLC layers. Optical information in the form of light beams 308 through a focusing system 300 and 306 is transmitted to the optical switch 302 in the angular notches 318 and parabolic 319 form located on the optically transparent surface 301.

In a constructive variant of the optical switch (Fig. 77) in order to extend the functionality of optoelectronic node contains additional FLC layer 312, which is located inside the base 293 (Fig. 75). When this focusing system 300 is located inside the FLC layer 294 parallel to the reflective layer 295 and diffraction grating 296. Light streams 308, emerging from the focusing system 300 are transmitted to the optically transparent surface 301 of the flange 320 of the optical switch 302 with maximum light output.

In a constructive option of optoelectronic node (Fig. 78), made in the form of optical drive that contains the base 321 coated with a FLC layer 322, which has two reflective layers 323, 324. FLC layer 322 is installed with the possibility of forming a control module 325, is fixed on the base 321, optically transparent areas of information transfer between the reflective layer 323, 324. In the first reflective layer 323 may reveal areas 327, located on the periphery of the focusing systems 326, form an optically transparent channels 328 - 330 transmission of information. Inside the second reflective layer 324 is placed second FLC layer with formation of the control module 325 diffraction FLC lattice 331, optically transparent apertures 332 - 334 which are located opposite the focusing systems 326, placed in the first reflective layer 323. To expand the functionality and increase the speed of processing, transmission and reading of optical information optoelectronic node further comprises a second base 335 in the form of storage media containing the FLC layer 336, which houses the area 337 accumulation of information. The base 335 is set to lock or move, or rotate relative to the base 321. The base 335 comprises a control module 341 connected to the optoelectronic Converter 339, the amplifier 340, plated or rechargeable battery conductors 342 and 344. The base may optionally be equipped with a solar battery 343 connected to the battery 342. Channel 330 information in the form of a light stream 338 is fed through the opening 334 of the diffraction grating 331 on optoelectronic Converter the signal is amplified in the amplifier 340. Next, the resulting information is fed to the control unit 341, which carries out the accumulation of information in the area 336, forming an optically opaque strips 345. Information retrieval from optical drive is in the form of light fluxes 349 channels 329 base 321 through holes 333 of the diffraction grating 331. In order to improve the reliability of the drive recharge solar power systems base 321 is in the form of light fluxes 350 channel 326 through the opening 328 of the diffraction grating 331. The base 335 further comprises a protective coating 346.

In a constructive option to increase security against unauthorized access drive 335 (Fig. 79) may further comprise a diffraction grating 347 optically transparent apertures 348.

The source of information

U.S. patent N 5181130, CL G 02 F 1/335, 1/333, 359-42, 1990.

1. Optoelectronic node containing at least one base coated with a liquid crystal layer, liquid crystal layer provided with a main semi-transparent electrodes deposited on top of the liquid crystal layer and on the base between the liquid crystal layer and the substrate, with pricheski opaque zones display information, optoelectronic node is also equipped with reflective elements, wherein the liquid crystal layer placed between the reflective layers, and one of the reflective layers is fixed on the inner surface of the base, the main electrodes placed between the substrate and the liquid crystal layer deposited on the reflective layer overlapping relation to each other with drawing between them optically opaque layer of dielectric, a liquid crystal layer is installed with the possibility of the formation of optically transparent areas of information transfer between the reflective layers and optically opaque zones formed the control voltage between the main electrodes, and the possibility of forming inside optically transparent zone of the liquid crystal layer managing stress accumulation area information in the first reflective layer is fixed on the base, and/or inside optically transparent zone of the liquid crystal layer, and/or within the second reflective layer placed focusing system, the second reflective layer includes a diffraction grating with holes, with the holes of the diffraction grating is located opposite faculities fact, the base is made in the form of Assembly, or printed, or woven, or switching fees, or a fiber ribbon or flat light guide cable, or three-dimensional optoelectronic module, or the volume integral of the module.

3. Site under item 1, characterized in that the optically opaque area liquid-crystal layer, formed the control voltage between the main electrodes, made of reflective or light-absorbing and placed between the additional electrodes located between the main electrodes in a multilayer structure one above the other.

4. Site under item 3, characterized in that the electrodes are made convex, or concave, or zigzag, or wedge-shaped, or angular recess.

5. Site under item 3, characterized in that in the zone of accumulation and/or display additional information made of optically opaque areas disposed between the additional electrodes placed neglecta between the main electrodes.

6. Site under item 1, characterized in that the focusing system is made in the form of a rectangular, or spherical, or parabolic, or hyperbolic, go ellipsometry th system is made in the form of a hollow rod, filled with optically transparent neocoregames liquid and having a conical part optically transparent ball mounted for rotation, with the cylindrical wall of the rod is translucent.

8. Site under item 1, characterized in that the zone transfer and/or accumulation and/or display information generated control voltage is made linear, or ellipsometry, or polygonal, or arbitrary curvilinear forms.

9. Site under item 1, characterized in that the zone transfer information generated control voltage, is made in the form of a lozenge, or a U-shaped or L-shaped or X-shaped circulator.

10. Site under item 1, characterized in that the holes of the diffraction grating formed in the second reflective layer is made concentric, or ellipsometry, or polygonal.

11. Site under item 10, characterized in that the holes of the diffraction grating formed in the second reflective layer, placed in the form of broken or zigzag lines, or in the form of a rectangular or concentric matrix, or variable pitch, or in a chaotic manner.

12. Site under item 1, the relatively first base.

13. Site under item 12, characterized in that the second base is made in the form of optical drive on the hard or floppy disk, or card, or tape, or drum.

14. Site under item 12, characterized in that the optical drive of the second base further comprises a battery, or electroplating, or a solar battery.

15. Site under item 1, characterized in that the boundary of the reflective layer is made in the form of a broken line or a zigzag curve.

16. Site under item 1, characterized in that the holes of the diffraction grating is placed in a transparent glass lens or a focusing system coming out of the holes of the diffraction grating and is made in the form of a hollow core filled with optically transparent neocoregames liquid and having a conical part optically transparent ball.

 

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