Control system floating suction devices
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a system of managed floating suction device for collecting a lower density fluid, floating on the surface of another liquid, mainly water. The system contains floating cages, provided on their sides and use the corresponding frame structures floats to install a working level, suitable for crates, and frame construction ends with a carrier roller, through which the cell interacts as a whole and can be moved up and down on the appropriate Board a ship equipped with this end rails with longitudinal grooves facing each other, in which the gap is set corresponding side of the sled. Inside the cage, provided with a front entrance and rear exit, there is at least one suction device, with floats, providing Autonomous navigation, and the suction nozzle, the proper way of interacting with the corresponding pump. Is achieved using crate small size, easy to store and transport, and which can also be used with any type of vessel, regardless of its features and advantages of the system of managed floating suction device for collecting a lower density fluid, floating on the surface of another liquid, mainly water, namely for collecting oil floating on the sea surface, due to leakage from subsea oil fields in the collision of vessels, stranding or any other cause or circumstances leading to the so-called "oil spill". A well-known system of managed floating suction device containing the V-shaped cage that is connected with the vessel, inside which there is at least one suction device, and a cage provided with a bearing, an outer side and an inner side frames and it made lattice front intake and rear lattice outlet, while to the outer side and inner side frames attached floats (see European patent EP-0024187).This solution, although it is excellent in respect of the results obtained from the point of view of sucked waste from the sea surface, but has some drawbacks.On the one hand, these stands are large and therefore difficult to place and they create problems with their storage when not in use, and they experience considerable stress, Mahony, as the characteristics of each vessel are essentially different, especially with regard to their distance between cargo and ballast water-lines, each vessel type requires a separate and special crate, with regard to its height, the result is even more complicated by the manufacturer stands and increases its cost.The present invention solves the above problems in any respect, and it allows you to use the crate small size, easy to store and transport, and which can also be used with any type of vessel, regardless of its characteristics, as for ballast and cargo, water-lines.This is achieved by the fact that the stationary cage is replaced by a floating crate small size, which is placed in the container in connection with which the cage is equipped with two large floats installed on its sides so as not to interfere with the products floating on the surface of the liquid, to enter the crate, and in addition, stand on one of its sides, which are connected with the vessel, fitted design, ending with the carrier with which it moves up and down along the guide rails attached to the outer edge of aircraft is warno each other, the wheels interact with any side wall or bottom sections with longitudinal grooves, U-shaped with the inner bends facing each other forming guides.In addition, a floating cage pivotally connected to the sled for their permanent location in the best position relative to their path of movement along the guides and eliminate the possibility of jamming due to irregularities on the surface of the water.This crate equipped with front reflectors to enhance its efficiency on the concentration of product floating on the surface of the liquid to the inlet of the stand supplied inside one or more suction devices, which are placed on the upper part of the floating crates or on the deck of the vessel, while the suction device floats freely inside the cage, however, preferably it is pivotally connected with the front part to absorb the pitching of the ship.In Fig. 1 depicts a crate constructed in accordance with the invention and attached to the vessel.In Fig.2 - stand at the height of the slide moving up and down the side rails of the ship.In Fig.3 is a view from inside the cage, cha is the subject of managed floating suction device includes a floating crate, with a rigid frame (1) with anterior ethmoid inlet (2) and posterior ethmoid outlet opening (3), the outer side frame (4) and the inner side frame (5), which supports the respective floats (6-6'), which make the crate really floating. The inner side frame (5) on the crossbar (7) remote from the side, fitted with two pairs of brackets (8), which with the help of hinge bolts (9) attached to the sled (10) to move the cage up and down on the appropriate Board, in particular, the rails (11) mounted on the Board.In particular, the guides (11) contains two U-shaped grooved section, the inner folds which are facing each other, while the carrier (10) is equipped at each of its end two pairs of wheels (12), the axes of which are perpendicular to each other in each pair, so that the wheels guaranteed optimal rotation with minimum friction as in the case when the wheels interact with the bottom, and when the side walls of the guides (11), and the sled (10) always occupy the best position relative to the vessel due to the hinge connection through the hinge bolts (9) with CL is e (2) and arranged in diverging position and properly reinforced with ties stiffness (13), that can significantly increase the operating range of the stand, as shown in Fig.1.Inside the cage there is at least one suction device (15), which also floats and therefore is equipped with a set of floats (16), preferably of three, supporting the suction nozzle (17) interacting with an appropriate pump (not shown) via a corresponding conduit (18), and the pump can be placed on the deck of the vessel, and can be installed on top of the cage.Suction device (15) can be independently installed inside the cage or properly fastened thereto, as shown in Fig. 3, in particular, by using fasteners (19) mounted on its front vertex outside her front hole (2), resulting in a suction device at any time is in the best position inside the cage, while remaining at a more appropriate level for the suction nozzle (17) to perform its functions.One part of the suction nozzle (17) are mounted on the floating frame of the suction device (15) with the shaft (21), providing positional adjustment of the nozzle (17) that, in turn, regulirovaniya V-shaped cage, connected to the vessel, inside which there is at least one suction device, and a cage provided with a bearing, an outer side and an inner side frames and it made lattice front intake and rear lattice outlet, while to the outer side and inner side frames attached floats, characterized in that the inner side frame swivel connected by hinge bolts sled, sliding in vertical guides mounted on the Board, while the guides are provided with longitudinal grooves, U-shaped with the inner bends facing each other, the slide is provided at each side of the two pairs of wheels, the axes of which are perpendicular to each other.2. The system under item 1, characterized in that the suction device is equipped with floats and a suction nozzle, which is connected through a pipeline with a suction pump, which is mounted in the cage or on the deck of the vessel, and a suction device connected with the front part of the cage by means of fasteners, sliding on vertical rods attached to the supporting frame stands on both sides from the front to the inlet, while OTS
FIELD: devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials.
SUBSTANCE: floating plant comprises interconnected receiving means and floating vessel movably attached one to another in horizontal direction. The receiving means is secured to floating vessel along two side bodies of floating vessel. The floating vessel is shaped as trimaran and includes parallel floating bodies connected one to another. Receiving means and floating vehicle are united into single floating body along side surfaces by means of two threaded rods and two emergency safety ropes, as well as with the use of elastic connection member arranged along longitudinal axis of central body of floating vessel so that receiving means position relatively floating vessel may be changed in horizontal and vertical directions. Receiving means sides have side limiters provided with inner axes connected to inner surfaces thereof. Two oil-resistant oil-gathering spring-loaded rollers are put on inner axes so that the rollers are symmetrically arranged about body axis. The rollers are secured to reducer and are provided with oil-absorbing surfaces. Longitudinal slots are made under rollers in lower part of substrates. Oil-removing cylindrical rods are installed in longitudinal grooves. Converging oil-discharge channels are created in substrates so that the channels extend at the same angles relatively longitudinal axis of receiving means symmetry. Trapping means is made as spout with sharpened end facing protective enclosure. Oil and oil product accumulation tank is arranged behind rear side of oil-resistant spring-loaded rollers. Inclined auger lifting means is installed in oil and oil product accumulation tank and is connected with sealable connection locking means through oil pipeline. Floating vessel has water-jet moving means to provide translational floating vessel movement and maneuvering in oil spot, as well as hydrodynamic effect creation. Chambers are made in side parts of floating vessel. Oil-resistant rubber containers are installed in the chambers. Each rubber container has outer surface with two crossing bands connected thereto. Load-hoisting rings are connected to four free ends of the bands near container necks. The necks are inserted in collars provided with latches and springs for rubber container delivery to seat created at central axis of floating vehicle.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of continuous plant operation during total oil and oil gathering cycle.
SUBSTANCE: method of water surface purification from oil products lies in directing layer of polluted outside water into inlet tank and in intake of oil products into hermetically sealable at least one chamber. Before beginning purification of water surface outside water is poured into chambers and hermetically sealed. After that inlet tank is filled with polluted water in such way that its layer is higher than level of lower holes of chambers, after that they are opened and water is poured out, until water columns are balanced in each chamber by means of outside atmospheric pressure taking into account dependence of their height on chamber volume. Oil products from polluted water go up and displace heavier water from chambers. After complete replacement of chambers content with oil products, lower holes of chambers are closed, disconnected from inlet tank and transported to place of pollutants discharge.
EFFECT: increase of productivity of technological process of water surface purification from oil products.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building. Proposed skimming ship comprises oil boom, compartment to receive oil-containing water, and intake openings made in said compartments. Said window openings accommodate upper and lower chambers with deformable vertical walls and rigid horizontal walls. Upper chamber lower wall has channels inclined in ship crosswise plane. Lower chamber top wall outer lengthwise edge features stepped shape. Pressure exceeding atmospheric pressure is generated in both said chambers for them to allow toward each other.
EFFECT: invariable position of slot-like clearance between horizontal walls of chambers when ship draft varies.
2 cl, 5 dwg