(57) Abstract:The heater is made in the form of a block of dielectric material with a cavity, in which is installed a box with a vacuum cavity and the heating element. The conclusions of the heating element connected to fixed contacts located on the top of the unit. The heater is designed for use in wall enclosures of buildings and heating the coating runways. As a result, their use increases the efficiency of heating, they are convenient in operation. 6 Il. The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and can be used in electroheater systems, buildings, aircraft interiors, vehicles, and for other purposes, as well as in the devices of the runway with heated floor, with a constant mode for takeoff and landing, especially in the winter.It is known device, the heater containing the heating element with the conclusions contained in the ceramic mass, the box is of a dielectric material with a vacuum cavity and the metal plate, and a heating element located at the specified box.From the IDT-strips.The heater is made in the form of block 1 of a dielectric material with a square or rectangular recess depth, allowing you to fit in her box 2 with the vacuum cavity and the heating element 3, pre-sealed in a ceramic mass 4, and the top block is attached, for example glued, metal plate 5 as a protective part and the secondary heat transfer with the pins of the electric heater 6 is displayed on the top of the block and connected with the fixed contacts 7 for their serial connection in the electric batteries through the contact plugs.In Fig. 1 shows the declared heater
in Fig. 2 - a box with a vacuum cavity,
in Fig. 3 - heating element with the conclusions contained in the ceramic mass.in Fig. 4 - metal plate,
in Fig. 5 - outer wall fencing building mounted with the electric batteries of electric heaters,
in Fig. 6 - floor heating, for example, the runway of the aerodrome with the use of electric heaters.The electric heaters can be used in wall enclosures of buildings in the form of electroputere or n is remotely element with the conclusions embedded in the ceramic mass, the box is of a dielectric material with a vacuum cavity and the metal plate, and a heating element located at the specified frame, characterized in that it is provided with a block of dielectric material with the deepening and stationary contacts, a box with a vacuum cavity and a heating element located in the recess of the block of dielectric material, a stationary contacts located on the upper part of the block and connected with the conclusions of the heating element, a metal plate glued to the top of the block so that it covers the above-mentioned recess.
FIELD: electric heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to non-wired type heaters and intends for saunas and baths as well as for heating rooms of any purpose including living and agricultural spaces and summer houses. Electric heater has heat-dissipating panel made of marble, resistive heating element, metal base disposed between the heat-dissipating panel and the heating element. The base is connected with earth. Heater also has gypsum-fiber protective panel fastened to back side of heating element, thermal switches and commutation outputs. Heating element with lateral gaps in resistive layer id used for the heater. Commutation outputs each of which is connected with thermal switch are disposed in lateral space in the center of electric heater and are installed in distribution box. Metal base, resistive heating element and heat-dissipating panel are connected to each other by thermo-resistive silicon glue. Fixing units are fitted inside metal base, in spaces of gypsum-fiber panel and resistive heating element. Heat-dissipating panel is made of profiled sections having different geometric shapes.
EFFECT: improved reliability of operation and heat convective heat transfer; reduced cost; reduced fire risk.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat transfer.
SUBSTANCE: Assembly for warming surfaces, in particular, landing strips of space ships has electric heating elements disposed between two surfaces. One surface has to be a metal sheet with cells inside which cells the heating elements are installed. The heating elements are made of high electric resistance wire. The wire is inserted into mica plastic. Second surface is made of heat-insulating material. The plates are inserted in cells and are retained onto pins welded to metal sheet.
EFFECT: reduced labor input of mounting process; simplified design.
FIELD: civil engineering, in particular, outer engineering equipment of buildings and structures heated with the aim of thawing of snow and ice, applicable in deckings, water drains, cornices and similar building constructions, whose shape is exhausted by the shape of the panel or cover.
SUBSTANCE: the heated load-bearing member in the form of a panel has a frame, current-conducting shield and a hermetically sealed electric heater with contact wires for the power supply network. The frame is laminated of a composite material and has layers used as the reinforcing material, the layers are made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons, at least one layer of low-density material, at least one current-conducting shield and at least one hermetically sealed insulated electric heater, with their contact and earth wires brought outside, are placed between the frame layers made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons. A polymeric binder is used as the matrix combining all the frame layers and the mentioned current-conducting shield and the hermetically sealed electric heater, if necessary, the frame is provided with a protective and/or decorative coating fastened on the outside.
EFFECT: enhanced operating reliability and expanded field of use.
24 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.
EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: photonic heating network includes power supply and control units, laser sources, fibre optic cable, optical connectors and terminal devices. To heating network there introduced are heating radiators with absolutely black body chambers, temperature sensors, optical transmitter, optical fibre of feedback line, optical receiver. At that, temperature sensors outlets are connected to inlet of optical transmitter the outlet of which is connected to inlet of optical fibre the outlet of which is connected to control inlet of power supply and control device the outlet of which is connected to inlet of laser sources the outlets of which are connected to inlets of photon crystalline fibres of optical cable the outlets of which are connected by means of optical connectors to sections of photon crystalline fibres the outlets of which are connected to absolutely black body chambers located inside heating radiators.
EFFECT: improving power effectiveness, eliminating the problem of defrosting, time and costs on routing, preventive maintenance and service, heating network weight is considerably decreased and its flexibility is increased.
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to temperature-controlled mat. Temperature-controlled mat with base has upper side, lower side and at least one temperature-controlled device arranged on base; at that, on lower side of base there is adhesive. At that, adhesive is applied to two-sided adhesive tape bonded to lower side of base; at that, when temperature-controlled mat is in rolled condition, adhesive on lower side of adhesive tape is covered with upper side of base, and adhesive tape is bonded to upper side of base.
EFFECT: improving operating and transportation properties of temperature-controlled mat.
10 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises multiple heating rods, every of which has an electroconductive carbon heating element and an insulating external coating around the carbon heating element; electric cables connected to appropriate ends of each heating rod to supply power to carbon heating elements; and connecting elements, every of which comprises insert areas, equipped with appropriate tips arranged with the possibility of passage via any electric cable and installation into any carbon heating element of heating rods; and also at least one location section arranged in the upper part of insert areas and installed at the electric cable.
EFFECT: provides a reliable connection and electroconductivity, increased reliability of the heating device.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: electric circulation system of water heating represents a circulation system of water heating with electric heating, comprises one block from a radiator. Besides, the specified radiator is a radiator with hot water circulation, having an inlet for hot water supply and an outlet for hot water discharge; one block of a multi-block heating device, shaped as a square cylinder arranged as capable to ensure operation of one unit from a radiator; in which an air compartment tank operating under pressure, a circulation pump and tubular heaters are connected to each other by means of a system of pipelines, a T-shaped joint, having a check valve, and a T-shaped joint comprising check valves, are arranged in series inside the track of the pipeline system, a bypass pipe diverges from the T-shaped joint, and an auxiliary tank is located at the end part of the bypass pipe, which diverges from the pipeline system, thus ensuring a function of hot water circulation in a multi-block heating device, besides, the multi-block heating device is connected to a radiator by means of a discharge side pipe and a return side pipe.
EFFECT: provision of simple maintenance, higher efficiency of system operation.
8 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system for regulating ambient environment indoors has a structural element of the inner surface of the facility made from material which contains a substance which emits in the far infrared region, which emits and absorbs beams in the far infrared region and has emissivity in the far infrared region equal to or higher than 0.6, and a cooling and/or heat source, having a cooling and/or heating surface made from material which contains the same substance which emits in the far infrared region as that of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility, in which when the cooling surface of the cooling source, the substance of the cooling surface which emits in the far infrared region absorbs beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance which emits in the far infrared region, the structural element of the inner surface of the facility and/or when the heating surface of the heat source is heated, beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance of the heating surface which emits in the far infrared region are absorbed by the substance which emits in the far infrared region of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility.
EFFECT: regulation of the ambient environment indoors with high energy-efficiency, avoiding contact of air with human skin.
28 cl, 3 tbl, 22 dwg