Device for growing plants

 

(57) Abstract:

The device can be used in risky zones (extreme weather conditions). Fulfillment arched greenhouse frame is removable from forming elements and self-supporting face and oval modules allows to produce them on automatic equipment with maximum continuity through the use of automatic welding. Out-of-roundness of the modules ensures uniform distribution of the external influences on the fence and minimizes popping effect at any wind. The inclusion of a porous material in the fence to soften the impact of sudden changes in temperature. Placing the sealing tape in half-channels formed by the joints of nodes sealing barriers, eliminate unplanned ventilation in strong winds and frosts. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 18 ill.

The invention relates to the field of cultivation of plants by technology "greenhouse" in personal and collective farms under extreme weather conditions "zone of risky agriculture, including strong wind, rain, hail, snow, changing seasonal and daily temperature, radiation exposure to the sun on translucent talauega as greenhouses it is possible to allocate the following disadvantages:

1. Great weight to the structural Assembly without the possibility of modular division excludes its permutation alone or together.

2. External power influences perceived only arch elements 1. This makes it unnecessary rigidity and eliminates any bending radius of the arched elements.

3. The greater complexity of construction determines the significant complexity of /a lot of manual labor in the manufacture, Assembly and disassembly of the device. You want to use as work crews of installers and special scaffolding, it does not make sense to apply this complexity in an ultralight frames greenhouses or small greenhouses.

4. The authors cover not indicated how will be ensured optimum temperature collected in the greenhouse, which is the main parameter in the technology of "greenhouse".

5. From the description of the construction it follows that the film coating specially pull the springs 26 and soil, disturb the integrity of the film when you pin her on the ends of the "clamping lugs". "In the process of exploitation film coating 8 periodically pull due to the added sand on the longitudinal edge 31 of the cover 8". Obviously, the effort NAT is om, life coverage would be at best equal to one season. Assuming the hail, in the places of contact between the frame and cover may proscenia film.

6. In Fig. 8 shows the fastening of the wire 29 by brackets 30. These bracket-cables provide reliable fastening of wires 29 only when one-time use, so any dismantling will require additional consumption of materials, including film (see paragraph 5).

7. The authors cover not indicate how or how individual canvases film is formed by a single coating of the frame, that is, they have not provided a valid plant protection.

8. The design of the shelter does not provide organized access to plants in the grounds, which is important for greenhouses.

Known technical solutions closest (prototype) is a prefabricated greenhouse [2], the shortcomings of which are listed below.

1. Use panels unduly harsh angular profiles 12 leads to increased complexity (a lot of manual labor) in their manufacture.

2. Corner profiles "items are made from rolled sheets", that is, a continuous strip, resulting in excessive of lenci to the plane of the panel in the proposed solution is practically impossible to provide, that ensures that even at low wind effect on the film strong "popping effect".

4. The design does not provide for the Association of film panels in a continuous film coating of the frame, that is not provided for the actual protection of plants.

5. In places of contact between the frame and tape it proscenia when exposed to hail.

6. The authors panel greenhouses has not indicated how will be ensured optimum temperature collected inside the greenhouse, which is the main parameter in the technology of "greenhouse".

7. The design of the panels does not require the fastening of a film on them to build a greenhouse.

8. The panel design of the greenhouse does not provide organized access to plants in the grounds of the panels that you need for the comfortable maintenance of greenhouses.

The present invention achieves the following technical result.

1. Increases the productivity of the manufacturing of all members of the device for growing plants units due to the selection of the composition of the arched frame removable shaping element and a self-supporting face the x-ray equipment with maximum continuity, performing their integral connection by automatic welding.

2. Improves the reliability of operation of the device as a whole, in particular, increasing the life of translucent heat-proof fencing in extreme weather conditions due to

2.1. ovality of modules that provides uniform distribution of external influences on the fence and minimizes "popping effect" when any force or any direction of the wind;

2.2. any pre-tension fence with a force greater than the tension force of its own weight;

2.3. preserve the integrity of the fence in places of fastening it to a removable support elements by elastic sickle profile, removable holders and holding elements;

2.4. strength calculation of the size of the grid cell modules on the extreme force of the wind and snow, exceeding the effects of other weather conditions: rain, hail, sharp changes in seasonal and daily temperature, including radiative forcing of solar radiation on the fence;

2.5. install the retaining elements in the form of networks top and bottom of the fence along the axes of the grid modules increments correspond termalnych weather conditions;

2.6. coating in contact with the fence parts of the frame pragamatism material that provides protection of the fence from proscenia hail, and dampens the impact energy together with retaining items placed on the modules under the fence;

2.7. the inclusion of a porous material in the fence softened the impact of sudden changes of temperature on plants when frost or overheating clear from the sun thanks to polyphonically of this material to air;

2.8. placing the sealing tape in half-channels formed by the joints of nodes sealing sheath, which excludes non-nominal air gap under any influences of wind and frost.

3. Extends the functionality of the operating device for growing plants due to:

3.1. selection of the composition of the arched frame removable shaping element and self oval modules achieved any necessary cross-sectional shape of the frame from almost flat for underground greenhouses to oval ground for hotbeds and greenhouses, including greenhouses with smooth transitions in the form of "house", of any desired width without length limitation beds "greenhouse";

3.2. nez is the OEM; on the other hand, the specified maximum weight of the module provides most of its length without additional fastening elements, which is important for collective industrial crop production;

3.3. availability to plants from both ends in the greenhouse, and the substructures of the modules in above-ground and underground tunnels due to the possibility of radial movement of the oval module in respect of each reference together with a fence (i.e. without removing the fence with modules);

3.4. the possibility of rapid repeated removal and installation of fences without breaking its integrity if necessary 2...4 times per season;

3.5. the waste products overlap arched frames of any width and length, as well as alternating layers of dense and porous fences through additional joints of nodes sealing fencing with matching removable support elements;

3.6. the possibility of independent fixing fences on the modules prior to their mounting in the frame;

3.7. packaging modules in the roll during storage or transport on public transport for most individual users, including hand-carrying.

In Fig. 1 shows Oy section along the plane a-a of the General form in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 shows a view along arrow B flat scan one oval module of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 specify the radius of the packaging (roll) of the grid when removing the bearing element of Fig. 5 shows part of the section grid module and preganacy material on the plane In-Fig. 3; Fig. 6 depicts a portion of a section of the grid module on the plane G-G of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 shows a fastening element for mounting the form of node I with Fig.2; Fig. 8 marked the junction nodes sealing fencing site II of Fig. 2; Fig. 9 shows a General view of a device for growing plants (aboveground hotbed of three modules oval and two end); Fig. 10 shows a cross section along plane d-D of Fig. 9, when the module 3 is radially displaced up and to the left of Fig. 11 presents a cross-section along the plane e-E of Fig. 9, when the module 3 is radially displaced up and to the right of Fig. 12 marked part of the section from the junction nodes of the seal fence 1 on the plane K-K of Fig. 9; Fig. 13 shows a cross-section passing greenhouses with carrying formative elements in the form of two links posted in the form of a triangle; Fig. 14 depicts forming a self-supporting element mounted on removable self-supporting end module 2 in the cross section plane L-L of Fig. 13; formoobrazuyuschimi elements in the form of one holding communication; in Fig. 16 marked the placement of the retaining elements in the form of external and internal networks on a flat scan of one oval module of Fig. 17 shows the alternating layers of dense and porous material of the fence parallel to the axis of symmetry of the device type M on the arrow in Fig. 13; Fig. 18 shows the alternating layers of dense and porous material of the fence perpendicular to the axis of symmetry of the device type M on the arrow in Fig. 13.

Device for growing plants in Fig. 1 (walk-in greenhouse growth) consists of translucent heat-proof fence 1 (Fig. 1, 3, 6, 8, 12, 16), mounted on the stacked each other self-supporting end module 2 (Fig. 1, 9, 14) and self oval modules 3 (Fig. 1, 9, 10, 11) with the corresponding supporting portions 4 (Fig. 3, 9) provided with attachment points 5 (Fig. 1, 2, 9) to the base 6 (Fig. 1, 2, 9). Modules 2 and 3 are equipped nodes seal 7 (Fig. 1, 2, 15) fencing 1 G - shaped section 8 (Fig. 6, where the cross section is indicated conventionally by the dotted line). Modules 2 and 3 made in the form of a molded grid 9 (Fig. 4, 15, 16, 17, 18) of orthogonal elements 10 (Fig. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7) with different radii packing 11 (Fig. 4) and the radii of the Assembly 12 (Fig. 2). In modules 2 and 3 is placed a removable self-supporting shaper the Cam with flat ends, with step 14 (Fig. 1) multiple of the corresponding step 15 (Fig. 3, where the corresponding grid spacing selected by curly braces) grid 9. On the forming elements 13 nenasporno installed with step 16 (Fig. 2) that corresponds to the appropriate step 15 grid 9 of the fastening elements 17 (Fig. 2, 7, 14) mounting form flat (Fig. 14) or oval (Fig. 1, 9, 10, 11). Each module 2 and 3 on the perimeter fence 1 is equipped with nodes seal 7 fencing 1 G-shaped section 8, having a removable supporting element 18 (Fig. 3, 6, 8, 12, 16, 17, 18), where fencing 1 fixed elastic sickle-shaped profile 19 (Fig. 6, 8, 12). On top of the sickle-shaped profile 19 is placed along the axes 19.1 (Fig. 3, where the axis is indicated conventionally by the dotted line) grid 9 modules 2 and 3 with step 19.2 (Fig. 3, where the step of axes selected by curly braces), is equal to the corresponding step 15 grid 9, the removable holders 20 (Fig. 1, 3, 6, 8), United with the holding elements 21 (Fig. 1, 3, 6, 8), enshrining the top of the fence 1 on modules 2 and 3. The joints of nodes seal 7 fence 1 is formed of a semi-closed channels 22 (Fig. 8, 12), where the sealing strip 23 (Fig. 8, 12). The device is molded frame elements are made by welding 24 (Fig. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8). In contact with the fence 1 modules 2 and 3 covered pragamatism material 25 (Fig. Reg oval modules) has modules 2 and 3, coupled with the same curvature opposite to each other with a gap 26 (Fig. 9, 12), with the possibility of radial movement 27 (Fig. 10, 11, which movement is indicated by arcs in the direction of the arrows) in respect of each of the supporting part 4 of the plug 3. Both the lower part 28 (Fig. 10, 11) self-supporting removable shaping element 13 (Fig. 9) is made of a smooth, on which are adjustably mounted on one side of the sleeve 29 (Fig. 10) with position lock having a coaxial hole for fastening sleeve 30 (Fig. 9) detachable hinge connected to the supporting part 4 oval module 3, at the desired height by sliding axis 31 (Fig. 9). Massing 13 strengthened ties 32 (Fig. 10, 11), and the attachment points of the modules 3 to the base 33 (Fig. 9) made in the form of sleeves 30 and 34 (Fig. 9) detachable hinge joint sliding axis 31, a stationary sleeve 34 which nenasporno attached to the base 33 shaping element 13 and the sliding bushing 30 which nenasporno attached to the supporting part 4 of the plug 3. The gap 26 between modules 2 and 3 overlapped sealing tape 23.

In Fig. 13 shows a cross-section passing greenhouses with carrying formative elements 13 in the form of two ties holding the supporting part 4 modules 3 and rasmia 17 flat mounting form module 2, holding the supporting part 4 end of module 2. In Fig. 15 is a cross-section of the device for growing plants (recessed pins) removable self-supporting formative element 13 made in the form of a connection holding the supporting part 4 modules 3.

In Fig. 16 marked the placement of the retaining elements in the form of networks 35 and 36, where the network 35 secures the fence 1 on the modules above, and the network 36 is installed between the grid 9 modules and the relevant part of the fence 1.

In Fig. 17 shows an alternation of layers 37 dense and porous 38 material fencing 1 parallel to the axis 39 of the symmetry of the device, where each separate perimeter fence 1 is equipped with its own removable support element 18 of the grid 9. In Fig. 18 shows alternating layers 37 dense and porous 38 material perpendicular to the axis 39 of the symmetry of the device, where each separate perimeter fence 1 is equipped with its own removable support element 18 of the grid 9.

In the proposed device for growing plants (Fig. 1) made in the form of a passing greenhouses in the height of a man, there are no moving parts, so there is no need to explain their interaction. Of course, the doors in the openings of the end of modules 2 parastini.

The device (Fig. 9, 10, 11) for growing plants, made in the form of elevated greenhouse, has a movable part with respect to the distinguishing features of the invention from the viewpoint of availability of the plants, so clarification is needed. In the initial state of the end device modules 2 and oval modules 3 with its own rails 1 are connected with the same curvature opposite to each other with a gap 26, which each joint is overlapped with the sealing tape 23. Removable self-supporting formative elements 13 and end modules 2 are fixed by fasteners 5 (anchors) to the base 6 (bottom). Oval module 3 is equipped with attachment points to the base 33 forming elements 13 by means of the sleeves 30 and 34 detachable hinge joint sliding axis 31. On both smooth lower part 28 forming elements 13 adjustably mounted on one side of the sleeve 29 with position lock having a hole coaxial with the sleeve 30 detachable hinge. The sleeve 29 can be assigned its own position lock when any of the permissible radial displacement 27 height smooth bottom part 28 forming elements 13. The availability of the plants on either side of the oval modules 3 obesity channels 22 and the sliding axis 31 of the bushing 30 and 34 and the desired side of the oval modules 3, when this sliding axis 31 on the opposite side of the oval modules 3 perform the function of a hinge. Then manually lifted consistently each oval module 3 at the desired height within its radial movement 27 and can be installed on any temporary support, which in Fig. 9, 10, 11 are not shown. After that, smooth bottom portions 28 forming elements 13 are brought sleeve 29 from the locking position so that the hole was aligned with the corresponding hole of the bushing 30, nenasporno attached to the supporting part of the oval of module 3, you need to install the sliding axis 31. Then own position lock sleeve 29 fixed on a smooth lower part 28, and the temporary support is removed. This provision is the availability of plants with both sides shown in Fig. 10, 11. Cast oval modules 3 in the initial state is in the reverse order.

You should also clarify how is the availability of the plants on either side of the device (Fig. 15), made in the form of underground greenhouse, for the reason that you want to delete individual oval modules 3 (frame). In the initial state, this device is almost flat mounting grid-9 oval moduli supporting parts 4 oval modules 3. On each individual oval module 3 fixed nodes sealing own 7 enclosure 1. Oval modules 3 are placed one behind the other with the same curvature with a gap 26 on soil Foundation similar to the image of Fig. 9, and joints of nodes seal 7 is overlapped with the sealing strips 23 similar to the image of Fig. 12. The availability of the plants on either side of the device is provided as follows. The user removes the sealing tape 23 overlying the gap 26 of the semi-closed channels 22 joints of nodes seal 7 fencing 1 quantity required oval modules 3 (rum), which then shifts, for example, in neighboring oval modules 3 (frame). The installation removed the oval modules 3 (frames) and sealing tape 23 in the initial state is in the reverse order.

Every performance of the device (Fig. 1, 9, 15) for growing plants has its own different ways of mounting structures on site. The initial condition for all variants of each performance is the presence of a complete set of components and parts, all molded grid 9 end 2 and an oval 3 modules forming elements 13, the removable support elements 18 are folded in a roll with a specified radius Upakovka condition. Other accessories Packed in bulk.

Consider only one sequence Assembly is the most complex device in the form of a passing greenhouses in growth (Fig. 1, 2). Assembly all other options for other versions of the device (Fig. 9, 15), given their greater simplicity and a considerable amount, further explanation is not required and with a few differences is similar to the following Assembly of the device.

The most convenient in operation for individual users is a variant of the Assembly of the device, whereby the grid 9 of its long side forms an arched profile of the future frame. For mounting enough space occupied by the device in the assembled state. To provide initial stability of the grid 9 in the direction perpendicular to the axis 39 of the symmetry of the device, set of devices uses two temporary shaping element 13 in the form of hard links (Fig. 13), which are secured inside the grid in the form of a triangle. Then the short side of the grid 9 mounted on the base 6 directly on the ground (or intermediate wooden lining) and are fixed in the soil by fasteners 5 (anchors), which is driven ¡screws on the outer surface of the grid 9 is fixed detachable abutment element 18 (Fig. 6) around the future of the perimeter fence 2. Without removing temporary massing 13, inside the grid fix required removable forming elements 13 (Fig. 2) by means of fastening elements 17 with screw couplers (Fig. 7) step 14 (Fig. 1) multiple of the corresponding step 15 (Fig. 3) grid 9. After this time forming elements 13 are removed and re-used when installing the next grid. The obtained rigid frame fixed portion of the translucent heat-proof fence 1 nodes seal 7 G-shaped section 8 (Fig. 6). This fence 1 is first covered by a sickle-shaped profile 19 (Fig. 6) around the perimeter of the removable support element 18, and then on top of the sickle-shaped profile are placed on the axes 19.1 (Fig. 3) grid 9 increments 19.2, is equal to the corresponding step 15, only with the short sides of the grid 9 removable holders 20 (Fig. 1), the holes which are fixed retaining elements 21, fixing the fence 1 on top of the grid 9. This completes the full Assembly one hard oval module 3. If necessary, pulling out his clogged fasteners 5, one hard oval module 3 can be transferred even when the wind one person to a new place of planting when the Pravia all modules 3 with its end supporting portions 4 (Fig. 3) rigidly fixed screw couplers, and each formed by the junction nodes of the seal 7 in the form of a semi-closed channel 22 is overlapped sealing tape 23 (Fig. 12). Assembly end module 2 is similar to the Assembly oval modules 3. Then the modules 2 are connected with the ends of the supporting parts 4 modules 3 through screw couplers, and the resulting joints are overlapped sealing tape 23. Disassembly of the device is in the reverse sequence.

Sources of information

1. SU 1398781 A1, A 01 G 9/14 , E 04 H 15/00. Collapsible shelter.

2. SU 1771404 A3, A01 G 9/14, 9/16. Panel a greenhouse.

1. Device for growing plants, consisting of translucent heat-proof fence and arched frame with the ends and forming a self-supporting elements with nodes fixing fences and attachment points of the frame to the base, characterized in that the arched frame contains made removable self-supporting massing and coupled between a self-supporting, oval and end modules, including basic parts and made in the form of a molded grid of orthogonal elements with different radii packaging and Assembly, within the modules step is of mounting the mesh shape, each module on the perimeter of the translucent heat-proof fence, comprising a porous material provided with nodes sealing fencing G-shaped section consisting of a removable support element, on which the fence is fixed elastic curved profile, while over the last axis of the grid modules in increments equal to the grid step, there are removable holders connected with retaining elements, fixing fence on the modules at the top and joints of nodes sealing fence formed a semi-closed channels, which are placed in the sealing tape, and solid elements of the framework are made by welding, and in contact with the fence part of the frame is covered pragamatism material.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the modules are connected with the same curvature opposite to each other with a gap, covered with sealing tape, and with the possibility of radial movement relative to each supporting part of the oval of the module, both the lower part of the shaping elements is made of a smooth and on each sleeve adjustably mounted with position lock having a coaxial hole for fixing sleeve detachable hinge, which is manatee holes, and massing strengthened ties and fasteners oval module frame to the ground is in the form of bushings demountable hinge, joint sliding axis, a stationary sleeve which nenasporno attached to the base of the shaping element, and movable to a supporting part of the oval of the module.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the forming elements in the form ties holding the supporting part of the face and oval modules.

4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the retaining elements nodes sealing fencing is made in the form of a network, and between the grid of each module and the corresponding part of fencing installed additional network.

5. The device under item 1, characterized in that the fencing is made with alternating layers of dense and porous material placed parallel and perpendicular to the axis of symmetry of the device, and on the perimeter of each layer has its own removable support elements.

 

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