Device for obtaining energy from natural processes

 

(57) Abstract:

The device is designed to generate electricity. On a vertical shaft mounted cylindrical section comprising upper and lower holders with fixed between them parallel to the shaft evenly spaced blades. The profile of each blade is adapted to the radius, the center of which is located on the straight line connecting the outer end of the blade with the axis of the shaft at a distance defined by a perpendicular line drawn through the center of the chord connecting the ends of the blades, and the inner end of the blade is located at a distance of 2/3 of the outer end on the straight line connecting the outer end of the adjacent blades with the axis of the shaft. The profile of the blades allows to increase the efficiency of the conversion of flow energy into electrical energy. 10 Il.

The device relates to hydro - and wind power provides the energy in an environmentally friendly way from renewable natural processes: deep sea plains and lowland rivers, tides without building dams and flooding of the land, sea, and ocean currents and wind - converting it into electricity.

Known wind turbines for U.S. patent N 5044878 0, the tick and lower holders, between which are fixed three blades located radially and parallel to the shaft, which consist of three flat palapala with bends at the edges.

The disadvantage of the wind turbine is that its base cannot be built windmill significant capacity due to strong resistance flat polopoly during their return movement towards the wind, and this reduces the efficiency and capacity of the unit. Because of the flat structures of palapala unit may not be used to generate energy from water flows, as large compared to the air density and viscosity of water inhibition of palapala when they reverse course in the water will be extremely high.

The closest analogue of the claimed invention is a device for receiving energy from natural processes, comprising a vertical shaft mounted therein a cylindrical sections, consisting of upper and lower holders and fastened between parallel shaft evenly spaced blades, and sections mounted on the shaft sequentially one above the other without violating the integrity of adjacent sections, the total height of the sections does not exceed propagana using the mechanism for transmitting rotation to the generator, providing a power transmission cable through the conversion unit to the consumer. The blades between the holders strengthened in line with the "anchor" at the outer edges to the outer circumferences of the holders, their profiles are two conjugate arcs of different sizes convex sides clockwise, at the far point of the smaller arc is located on the outer circumference of the holder, its other extreme point is a point pair with a larger arc and at the same time the intersection with chord clockwise at an angle of 45oto the radius drawn from the axis of the shaft to the first point, the other at a point greater arc serves as the point of intersection with the chord drawn from the point of its mating with the lower arc angle 90othe last chord counterclockwise (see the proposal of the Russian Federation N 94020976 AI, MPA F 03 B 3/12, 10.01.96).

However, the profile of the blades does not provide optimal flow stream and make full use of its energy (efficiency).

The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the device, i.e. the most complete use of the energy flow.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact, chondriosome sections, consisting of upper and lower holders and fastened between parallel shaft evenly spaced blades, and sections mounted on the shaft sequentially one above the other without violating the integrity of adjacent sections, the total height of the sections does not exceed the depth of the stream, providing energy for converting received energy into electrical energy. The device associated with the mechanism for transmitting rotation to the generator that provides electricity transmission cable through the conversion unit to the consumer. The profile of each blade is adapted to the radius, the center of which is located on the straight line connecting the outer end of the blade with the axis of the shaft at a distance defined by a perpendicular line drawn through the center of the chord connecting the ends of the blades, and the inner end of the blade is located at a distance of two thirds of the outer end on the straight line connecting the outer end of the adjacent blades with the axis of the shaft.

The invention is illustrated graphic material.

In Fig. 1 shows a section of the device horizontally with 4 blades, and Fig. 2 - with 6 blades.

Fig. 3 is a Vertical section of gidroenergoproekta in the water below the ice to get analogo right and left evidence of because it is connected with the same grounds adjacent units, with fixed therein with the bearing shaft, on which is mounted three sections, attached to the shaft above sections, the mechanism of energy transfer to the rotation shaft of the generator, which is placed in a sealed capsule that is attached to the shaft by means of bearings, planted with the top of the shaft bearing, which for the stability of the device structures is rigidly connected with the same bearings adjacent units.

Fig. 4 is a Vertical section of vetroenergoparka on the earth's surface or roof to generate energy from the wind. Unlike previous: the mechanism of energy transfer rotation from the shaft to the generator and the generator without sealed capsules are below sections.

Fig. 5 - Placement of gidroenergoproektom with the above devices in deep water along the river banks with preservation of the fairway. As closer to the middle of the river the water velocity above the left Bank downstream posted by units with rotating the device clockwise, right clockwise. Figures 5 and 9 are shown connecting the power unit base and top design for stability devices power units. the tori is converted, added and synchronized with the existing network and then fed into the network 19 to consumers.

Fig. 6 - Placement of gidroenergoproektom on the basis of these devices at the bottom along the shore of a navigable Bay, which regularly occur and tides.

Fig. 7 - Placing vetroenergoparka on the hill.

Fig. 8 - Placement of vetroenergoparka on the basis of these devices on the roofs of buildings of different configurations.

Fig.9 is a Vertical section of the platform for receiving energy from sea and ocean currents with five gidroenergoresursamy along its length.

Fig. 10 is Shown a top view of the four platforms in the sea or ocean. On each platform 15 gidroenergoproektom devices.

The blade of Fig. 1 and 2 have the same technical solution, but two modifications. The profiles of the blades of the first modification in Fig.1 defined as follows: from the endpoint of the radius of holder R1is a straight line - chord D - to the intersection with the following radius of the holder is displaced relative to the first radius on the 90oclockwise, at a point remote from its end at 2/3 of its length, perpendicular to the D chord in the middle is another line to the point and a first radius of the holder and the beginning of the D chord to the point of the second radius of the holder, remote from its end at 2/3 of its length and which is the extreme point of the chord D. the Number of blades 4. The blades of the second modification of Fig. 2 differ from the blades of the first modification only by the fact that the radii of the holders displaced relative to each other not on the 90oand at 60oand accordingly the number of blades 4, and 6. To install the blade 6 is impractical because decreases their efficiency.

On devices with the specified configurations of blades and their placement in the holders of the flow of water or wind can come from any side, in Fig. 1 and 2 for ease of description that the direction of the arrows shown on one side only, they will rotate clockwise when viewed from the top down. To ensure their rotation counterclockwise enough to turn the whole device or just the partition, i.e. the top to make the bottom and bottom - top. Thus the flow of water or wind are used across the width larger radii holders between points a and b in Fig. 1, and Fig. 2 between points a and b1and B2. In Fig. 1 the point a is an extreme point when working stroke with the concave side to the flow of water or wind. The point a is moved from one blade to another during the rotation of the device; B - the extreme anterior point on Vipul wind. Point B on a regular blades when rotating the device moves to the left on the convex side and then jumps on the convex side of the next blade. At point B the counter-flow of water or wind is divided into two parts. The left part of the flows is useless outside of the device. The right side onto the concave side of the other of the blades during their working stroke and thereby increases the pressure on them. In Fig. 2 a similar point a in Fig. 1. At a certain position of the blades point And is divided into two lobes at their working stroke. Point B1and B2different blades at a certain position of the blades merge into one point B on the same blade.

In Fig. 3 and 4 show vertical sections of the power unit for receiving energy from the deep water of rivers, tides and wind with the above devices of three sections with the shaft 1, the holders 3 and implied, but not painted blades. Next, the composition of the aggregates are lower bearings 4, base units 5, United for sustainability grounds adjacent units, generators 6, mechanisms 7 energy transfer rotation device in the generator 6, the upper bearings 8, structure 9, which connects the units of the x, it is converted, summarized from many power units, synchronized with the current network and then transmitted to the network users. Gidroenergoproekt is mounted on the bottom 16, vetroenergoparka - on the ground or the roof of the building 17. Gidroenergoproekta, Fig. 3, added: attached to the upper structure 9 sealed capsule 11, which houses the generator 6, a sealed bearing 10, through which passes the shaft 7 of the transmission energy of rotation of the device in the generator 6, the lower holder capsules 13, a bearing 14, by means of which the holder is attached to the shaft 1. At sufficiently reliable attachment of the capsule 11 to the structure 9 of the lower holder 13 and the bearing 14 can be omitted. Finally, in winter, the surface water flows established ice 15.

For ease of maintenance, repair and replacement of gidroenergoproekta placed at the bottom of Fig. 3, the generator 6 in a sealed capsule 11 is placed above the device, and vetroenergoparka, Fig. 4, the generator is placed below the device.

In Fig. 5 schematically shows the placement of gidroenergoproektom along the river banks, so as not to impede navigation. Given that the river closer to the middle would be the clockwise the left counterclockwise. One feature with the numbers 5 and 9 are shown connecting the adjacent gidroenergoproekta for the stability of the lower base and the upper structure. Since these units generators are located above the device, the upper structures of the units of the right and left banks, from the units of the left Bank to the right on the bottom and then on the right Bank of the laid cable 12, by which the electricity from the generators of the power unit enters the block 18, where electricity from different units converted, summed up, is synchronized with the current three-phase network 19, and further from the unit 18 is sent to the network 19 to consumers. In Fig. 5 shows also the river 20.

In Fig. 6 schematically shows the placement of gidroenergoproektom at the bottom along the shore 20 shipping Bay, which regularly occur and tides. In the same way as in Fig. 5, one line is shown connecting to the stability of neighbouring gidroenergoproekta lower base 5 and the upper structure 9. Since the generators of these units are located above the device, the upper connection structures and forth on the shore of the Bay is laid cable 12, by which the electricity from the generators of these units trinigourmet on the hill, the contours of which are delineated by winding line 21. One feature of the illustrated lower base 5 and the upper structure 9. Since vetroenergoparka generators are located below the device, the cables 12 from the generators are laid on the lower grounds and power on it goes to the block 18 and further, as in the previous cases.

In Fig. 8 schematically shows a possible placement of vetroenergoparka on the roofs of buildings 22 different configurations. To reduce vibration is careful alignment of devices and their foundations are laid rubber bumpers. In order to avoid the collapse of units with roofs in a strong wind devices are made of one, maximum of two sections.

To obtain a virtually unlimited amount of energy from sea and ocean currents proposes the creation of platforms on which is mounted a few gidroenergoproektom. In Fig.9 shows a vertical section of one of the platforms 23, the length of which placed five gidroenergoproektom with devices of the above described construction of three sections. Specified shafts 1, disc blade 3, mechanisms 7 energy transfer rotation device in the generators and the generator is thorny. To prevent slipping quite heavy devices from the platform down in the upper parts of the shafts within a framework, there are two burl top and bottom, which are fixed in the upper and lower bearings 4 and provide stable rotation devices. Lower bearings 4 are sealed. Equipment units, i.e., the upper part of the shaft, the bearings 4, mechanisms 7 energy transfer and generators 6 are placed in the compartments with sealed bulkheads 29, which provide additional rigidity to the platform, its buoyancy in the water breakthrough in any of the compartments. In the bulkheads for the passage of repairmen are sealed hatches. For inspection and repair of the equipment units and the platform itself and for mooring underwater vehicles with staff and pass into the platform and facilitate its dive to the desired depth so as not to impede navigation, the platform is provided with ballast tanks 24. To hold the platform at a certain depth and a certain place it is attached to the bottom of the sea or ocean 16 with the help of cables 25 and anchors 26. For the dive platform at the desired depth, in addition to pumping water in the ballast tanks 24, provided it Yireh winches 27, which, if necessary, by otmuchivanie with them ropes 25 allow to ascend the platform for major inspection and repair platform and its equipment. In the complete displacement of water from ballast tanks of compressed air is provided such buoyancy of the platform, which allows you to pull up to her anchor with winch for subsequent towing the platform to the right place. The surface of the sea or ocean is marked by the numeral 28.

As an example in Fig. 10 shows the placement of four platforms, each of which has 15 gidroenergoproektom, electricity from generators to the cables 12 are collected in one place one of the closest to the shore platforms and forth on the combined cable goes ashore 20 in the block 18 and the network 19. The platform provides to build factories and then towed to the installation site. The dimensions of the platforms and, accordingly, the amount received from energy limited structural strength and capabilities of the factory and tugs. To reduce friction on the water, protection from corrosion and marine organisms devices and platforms have special coatings.

Thus, a device to generate electricity with high efficiency and environmental the rivers, the tides without building dams and flooding of the land, sea and ocean currents and wind, and in such volumes that will cover a significant portion of the need and will to a large extent to abandon the harmful nature of nuclear, thermal, dams and power plants. The device is simple in construction and reliable in operation. The mass production of such devices in sizes, depending on hydro power(wind)-power units.

Device for obtaining energy from natural processes, comprising a vertical shaft mounted therein a cylindrical sections, consisting of upper and lower holders and fastened between parallel shaft evenly spaced blades, and sections mounted on the shaft sequentially one above the other without violating the integrity of adjacent sections, the total height of the sections does not exceed the depth of the stream, providing energy for converting received energy into electrical energy, it is combined with mechanism for transmitting rotation to the generator that provides electricity transmission cable through the conversion unit to the user, wherein the profile of each vane is the distance defined by a perpendicular line drawn through the center of the chord connecting the ends of the blades, and the inner end of the blade is located at a distance of 2/3 of the outer end on the straight line connecting the outer end of the adjacent blades with the axis of the shaft.

 

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